- When to Plant Your Vegetables
- Plant for Your Zone
- Consider Your Microclimates
- Planting Cool-Season Vegetables
- Planting Warm-Season Vegetables
- How to Start an Organic Vegetable Garden
- Start with Organic Garden Soil and Mulch
- Use an Organic Garden Fertilizer
- Seedling Shopping Tips
- Organic Raised Beds
- Practice Crop Rotation
- How to Pick Weeds
- Keep Your Garden Clean
- Water Wisely & Give Plants Air
- Best Plants for Attracting Beneficial Insects
- The Organic Vegetable Garden
- When Is The Best Season To Plant?
- When Is the Best Time to Start Your Garden?
- 16 Crops That Thrive in Cool Spring Weather
- The Best Time to Plant Your Garden
- How to Start Your Spring Garden
- Happy Growing!
When to Plant Your Vegetables
Relative to climate, vegetables are divided into two groups: cool season and warm season. Here are the steps you should take into consideration when planting vegetables.
Plant for Your Zone
Plants are classified by the coldest temperature they can endure, using a system developed by the United States Department of Agriculture. Regions of North America have been divided into Zones based on the lowest recorded temperatures, from the coldest, Zone 1, to the warmest, Zone 11.
For example, plants hardy to Zone 6 survive where winter temperatures drop to minus 10 degrees F, while those hardy to the warmer Zone 8 die long before it gets that cold. In Zones colder than their hardiness Zone, these plants must be brought indoors over winter or treated as annuals and replaced each year.
Soil conditions and sun, shade, and wind exposure all influence a plant’s ability to overwinter. Plants rated for a range of hardiness Zones can usually survive winter in the coldest region as well as tolerate the summer heat of the warmest one. To find your garden Zone, see the USDA Hardiness Zone Map.
A plant tag or seed packet will list a plant’s Zone unless the plant is typically grown as an annual, meaning it grows from seed, bears fruit, and dies in one year. Tomatoes, peppers, and beans—in fact, most vegetables—are annuals.
Consider Your Microclimates
A microclimate is the climate in a small area that is different from the climate around it. This small area may be warmer or colder than the nearby area. Consider locating tender plants in microclimates that are warmer than the rest of your yard.
Houses and other buildings, plus paved surfaces, such as patios, driveways, and sidewalks, can create microclimates by absorbing heat during the day and radiating it into the landscape at night. The south side of a building is usually the warmest. The west side is also warm.
Balconies and rooftops have unique microclimates because they’re above the ground. They may often escape frosts that kill plants at ground level. However, cold, dry winds may offset any heat gain.
Fences, walls, and large rocks can protect plants from wind and radiate heat.
Planting Cool-Season Vegetables
Cool-season vegetables grow best when temperatures range between 40 degrees F and 75 degrees F. In most areas, they can be planted two to four weeks before the last spring frost. These crops often are those that develop edible roots, stems, leaves, or buds, such as potatoes, broccoli, and spinach.
Cool-season vegetables are unique in that their seeds germinate best in cool soil. They are usually planted as soon as the soil can be worked in spring. Avoid planting in soggy soil that is still full of moisture from snow or spring rains. Wait until the soil dries and can be cultivated.
The root systems of cool-season plants are shallower and the plants themselves are smaller than warm-season vegetable plants. They stop producing in early summer when temperatures reach 80 degrees F.
In regions where nights remain cool, you can sow cool-season vegetables every two weeks for a continual harvest that extends into fall. This is called succession planting.
In warmer regions, plant cool-season vegetables as early as possible in late winter or early spring, and plant seeds or transplants again in late fall to harvest in winter.
A few cold-hardy vegetables, such as carrots, parsnips, and garlic, can survive throughout winter in some regions when insulated under a blanket of snow. Look for vegetables labeled “frost-hardy” to know which ones will tolerate prolonged freezing temperatures. Some varieties note better frost tolerance. For example, ‘Coronado Crown’ broccoli tolerates frost better than many other types.
Purchase a soil thermometer to help you know when to plant cool-season vegetables.
At a soil temperature of 40 degrees F, plant arugula, fava beans, kale, lettuces, parsnips, peas, radicchio, radishes, and spinach.
At a soil temperature of 50 degrees F, plant Chinese cabbage, leeks, onions, Swiss chard, and turnips.
At a soil temperature of 60 degrees F, plant beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, and cauliflower.
Other cool-season vegetables include asparagus, celery, collards, garlic, kohlrabi, potatoes, rhubarb, and rutabagas.
Planting Warm-Season Vegetables
Warm-season vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers, corn, and okra, developed in tropical climates. They grow edible fruits instead of edible roots, stems, leaves, or buds, as cool-season crops do.
These tender crops are killed by frost and won’t perform well if temperatures drop below 50 degrees F. Don’t bother to plant before the soil and air temperatures have warmed up in spring or early summer because the seeds and plants simply won’t grow. Wait until about two weeks after the average frost date for your region to plant warm-season crops.
You can encourage many warm-season crops to slowly continue growing into fall by protecting them from frost with row covers, cold frames, and other season-extending devices.
Warm-season crops can be planted indoors. An early start inside gives them a jump on the growing season, but remember to slowly acclimate them to outdoor life by placing them in shade instead of full sun, and allowing them to adjust in short periods to outdoor temperatures.
However, these vegetables do best during the warmth of summer: artichokes, beans, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, melons, okra, peanuts, peppers, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatillos, and tomatoes.
- By Deb Wiley
If you want the freshest produce possible, consider planting your own home garden—after all, you can’t get any closer to your kitchen table than your own backyard. Growing your own vegetables is thrifty, too. According to the National Gardening Association, the average family with a garden spends $70 on their crops—but they grow an estimated $600 worth of veggies!
To get started, here are 10 steps recommended by the National Gardening Association.
- Choose the right spot. Choose a location for the garden that has plenty of sun, ample space and close proximity to your hose or water source. Find a level area to help prevent erosion.
- Select your veggies. Decide what produce to include based on your climate, space, tastes and level of expertise. Newcomers may want to consider some of the easier crops to grow, like carrots, beans, cucumbers, peppers and lettuce.
- Prepare soil. Mix compost and natural fertilizers into your garden to condition the soil for your plants. Garden-supply stores can test the acidity of your soil and recommend supplements, or you can simply purchase specially made soil in bulk.
- Design a plan. Growing conditions and ripening cycles are different depending on the plant and the season, so you should not sow all the seeds at the same time. Review the ideal conditions for each veggie you want to plant before creating a gardening schedule.
- Get your hands dirty. Place your seeds or plants into the soil, following the depth and spacing directions carefully.
- Just add water. Gently spray the garden with water to keep the soil evenly moist throughout the growing season. Purchase a spray nozzle for your hose so you can create a gentle rain-like mist for your garden.
- Keep the weeds out. Mulching is the most effective way to prevent weeds. Add a 2- to 4-inch-thick layer of organic mulch to your garden to keep the weeds from overtaking your crops.
- Give your plants room to grow. If weeds do appear in the garden, grab them low on their stems and yank sharply, making sure to extract the entire root. Also be sure to remove crowded seedlings right away.
- Fertilize as needed. Lightly till the soil by hand and add fertilizer to keep it rich. You can purchase prepared garden fertilizer or make your own from items like Epsom salt, eggshells, fish tank water and kitchen compost.
- Reap what you sow. Harvest vegetables when they’re young and tender—but only pick them when you plan to use them. Pull root crops as soon as they reach edible size. Collect leaf crops by cutting them to within 2 inches of the ground. Finally, enjoy your harvest!
Cultivate your finances like you would a garden, and there will be more green in your retirement fund. Contact Nationwide today to learn about the many ways we can help you prepare for your future.
How to Start an Organic Vegetable Garden
Growing organic vegetables means your family can enjoy healthy, tasty, fresh produce free of synthetic chemicals or pesticides. Some of the organic gardening basics are the same as nonorganic. Plant in an area that gets full sun, at least 6 hours a day (8 to 10 hours is even better). All gardens require frequent watering, so make sure you have a spigot and hose that will reach all corners of your plot.
Start with Organic Garden Soil and Mulch
For a healthy organic vegetable garden, you need to start with healthy soil. The most important component in soil is the organic matter, such as manure, peat moss, or compost, which is the best option because it contains decayed microorganisms of previous plant life. Those microorganisms supply plants the nutrients they need. You can create your own compost pile by designating an area or bin where organic matter will decompose. Or you can buy it in bulk if you have a large garden, or use bagged compost available at garden centers and home improvement stores.
Reduce weeds by spreading a 1- to 2-inch-thick layer of mulch on the soil. It creates a barrier that prevents weeds from getting sunlight and from germinating. This mulch layer also prevents fungal disease spores from drifting onto plant leaves. Use an organic material (such as cocoa hulls, weed-free straw, or newspaper) as mulch so as it decomposes it adds beneficial organic matter to the soil.
Use an Organic Garden Fertilizer
Fertilizing your vegetables will help them grow faster and yield larger crops. Types of organic fertilizer include well-rotted manure from plant-eating critters (rabbits, horses, sheep, chickens), prepackaged organic fertilizer bought online, or at your local garden center. You can also find a variety of organic fertilizers at garden centers and home improvement stores.
Editor’s Tip: If you have rich soil already, consider skipping applying fertilizer. Too much of a good thing can make your plants put on lots of lush, soft growth loved by pests.
Seedling Shopping Tips
When shopping for seedlings, extension service experts recommend choosing plants that have a healthy color for the species with no yellow leaves. Avoid droopy or wilting leaves. When you’re shopping for transplants, gently tap the plant out of the pot to make sure the roots are well-developed and white. Avoid plants that are already budding or have flowers. If you can’t avoid them, pinch buds and flowers off before planting to ensure the plant energy stays focused on setting new roots.
Organic Raised Beds
Elevated plots are popular because tending plants in them is easier on your back. Keep the bed small so you don’t have to reach far or step on the soil.
Practice Crop Rotation
Because many closely related plants are affected by the same diseases, avoid planting them where their relatives grew the year or two before. Two of the biggest families to watch out for are the tomato family (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant) and the squash family (squash, pumpkin, cucumber, watermelon). Rotating crops to different parts of the garden helps limit disease development and depleting the soil of nutrients.
How to Pick Weeds
Oh, those pesky weeds. They seem to pop up overnight. Gardeners should plan on almost daily weeding. Pulling weeds by hand is easier after a rain or watering. (If the soil is really wet and muddy, wait until it dries out a bit.) There are a couple of ways to pull a weed. One is to pull the root out while gently pinching the base of the stem. Or use a weeding trowel to lever out the root system. You can also use a hoe to scrape the top of the weed off, being careful to not damage any vegetables. Note that weeds can grow back if the root isn’t removed.
Weeds not only compete with your plants for water and nutrients but also attract pests. Many insects spread disease as they move from one plant to the next feeding. The most organic (and easiest) way to control insects in your garden is to pick them off by hand. If you’re squeamish, wear gloves.
Keep Your Garden Clean
Many diseases spread rapidly in dead, fallen foliage. So once a week (or more often if possible), walk through your garden and pick up shed foliage. You can sometimes prevent a disease from spreading through an entire plant by picking off an infected leaf. Throw dead or diseased leaves in the trash, not in your compost pile.
Water Wisely & Give Plants Air
Wet leaves, especially in the afternoon or evening, foster the growth of mildews like powdery or downy mildew. Instead of watering from overhead, use a water-saving soaker hose that delivers water directly to the roots and prevents splashing.
Be sure to follow the spacing requirements on seed packets to avoid crowding. Good air flow between the plants can help prevent many types of fungal diseases.
Best Plants for Attracting Beneficial Insects
Plant these flowers around your vegetable garden to attract helpful insects, including bumblebees to pollinate plants and lady beetles and praying mantis to chow down on harmful insects.
- Bachelor’s Button
- Black-eyed Susan
- Purple Coneflower
The Organic Vegetable Garden
Growing an organic vegetable garden yourself is the absolute best way to bring the freshest, most delicious, most healthful vegetables possible into your kitchen and onto your plate. It’s also something that can change your life – if you let it – inwonderful and unexpected ways. There’s something deeply gratifying about caring for the soil, nurturing plants, and eating vibrant food you’ve grown yourself that strengthens both the body and the soul. This article will introduce you to the basics of growing an organic vegetable garden and direct you to more detailed information that you’ll need as you progress along your journey.
Everything on Vegetable Gardening with Lorraine is about organic gardening, but this article specifically addresses some common questions.
Benefits of an Organic Vegetable Garden
- provides the most nutritious vegetables possible
- no pesticide residues
- no GMOs
- no chemical fertilizers to kill off soil organisms
- you get to participate in a natural cycle of life, in a way you must experience to believe
- you get exercise and sunshine!
To be considered organic by the USDA and other regulatory agencies, vegetables must be from non-GMO seeds, be grown without synthetic chemical pesticides or fertilizers, and not be irradiated or treated with chemicals after harvesting. For more benefits you may want to read The Top Ten Benefits of Organic Gardening.
Start with a Soil Test
When you are starting an organic vegetable garden for the first time (or transitioning a chemical garden), it is important to perform a soil test, which will show if your garden soil is lacking in any nutrients. The best way to do this is through your local state extension service, which you can find online. They will provide you with instructions on how to sample your soil, and it usually costs around $20-25. Home test kits are generally not very accurate.
If your garden is low in any specific nutrients, you can supplement your initial crop with appropriate organic fertilizer, available from your local nursery or garden center. But once balanced, an organic vegetable garden is best sustained by a steady supply of well-balanced, homemade compost
Compost is not optional or just a good idea, it is the essential foundation of an organic vegetable garden. All yard, garden, and vegetable kitchen waste should be composted for use on the garden, and there are a variety of compost bins, tumblers, and methods available. Compost provides humus and essential nutrients, and is also required for good soil structure. Soil structure is important for plant health and bug resistance.
I love the whole science of soil ecology – most of us don’t realize that the long-term sustainability of life on planet earth is dependent on the health and balance of tens of thousands of different organisms that live in the soil, each of which has a specific job to do. Only an organic vegetable garden works with and supports soil ecology in this way. Chemical fertilizers kill soil life the way salt kills a snail.
A great read in the wintertime, when you’re dreaming of your summer garden but see only snow outside, is Teaming with Microbes by Lowenfels and Lewis. Bottom line: compost keeps soil healthy, which keeps plants healthy, which keeps us healthy.
Organic Vegetable Garden Layout
There are many different methods for laying out an organic vegetable garden, but only a few methods are truly sustainable in the long term. I have written an article on vegetable garden layout with details of the common methods, and advantages and disadvantages of each. You can also check out the raised bed vegetable garden article for a gallery of designs and plans.
My personal preference is the double-dug or “French intensive” method of vegetable gardening. This has been scientifically proven over and over to be the highest-yielding method per square foot of any method of gardening or farming in the history of agriculture, while at the same time requiring the fewest inputs.
If I could only own one gardening book, it would be How to Grow More Vegetables by John Jeavons. There are no colorful, inspiring photos, no glossy paper, and no frills, just the most essential, complete vegetable gardening information anyone starting out could want. This book will teach you the double digging method of soil preparation, which is the garden layout that makes the most efficient use of space, water, fertilizer and compost.
If you are a serious organic gardener wanting to learn what sustainability really means, this is the book. (And, thank heavens no one told me that I had to only own one book! There are many other great gardening books out there, like Grow Your Own Vegetables by Joy Larkcom.)
Dealing with Plant Pests Organically
The three most useful ways that I have found to deal with plant pests organically are:
- good ol’ soap spray
- fish emulsion
- neem oil
These may not work on every bug you may encounter, but they work on most of them. Neem oil is a fascinating substance that works in a number of different ways on pests, mostly by interrupting their reproductive cycle.
- 1 bulb garlic
- 1 onion
- 1 Tablespoon cayenne powder
- 1 Tablespoon liquid dish soap
- 1 quart water
Soap spray works pretty well on soft-bodied insects like aphids.
Buy Alaska Fish Fertilizer from Home Depot, mix a Tablespoon in a spray bottle of water, and spray on plants. I don’t know why, but it works great against flea beetles, which seem to be very partial to my beloved collard greens. (I think the fish emulsion just smells so bad that the flea beetles get nauseated and lose their appetite!).
More Advanced Techniques for Organic Vegetable Gardening
After your first year, you will want to begin incorporating some more advanced techniques to maximize the ongoing health of your garden. You will want to start planning ahead a little more.
Each year when you work on your vegetable garden layout, you should have the previous year’s layout in front of you so that you can pay close attention to crop rotation, companion planting, organic weed control and providing habitat for beneficial insects. Paying attention to all of these together is part of what makes an organic vegetable garden work in harmony with nature instead of against it. It’s a bit of an art form (as well as a science) to juggle all these bits of knowledge into a synergistic whole, and it is both challenging and rewarding.
And fall gardening is another whole adventure. It is possible to extend your yield of many leafy greens, root crops and cabbage family crops right up to and even past your first frost date in the fall, if you plan ahead (…way ahead). Check out the fall gardening article.
A Final Thought (or Two)
Organic vegetable gardening can become an integral part of one’s life, binding a person to the natural world of which they are a part, but from which feel apart. I love my computer, but I am not a machine, and need regular immersion in the natural world to recharge the natural cycles of my physical self.
Some folks run on the beach, some hike on the trails, some sit on a park bench and feed the pigeons. I like to work in a symbiotic relationship with nature in my garden, to bring that essence into my life, my kitchen and my body. I hope you will find vegetable gardening as rewarding as I do. (And I also love running on the beach, hiking on the trails, and feeding the pigeons in the park… ) 😉
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When planning your first vegetable garden, start small. Many first-time planters get so excited about the prospect of growing their own produce that they overdo it and get overwhelmed by bushels of food they can’t use. Whether you’re planting in pots or a large backyard patch, here are a few tips to green your thumb.
Prime Your Patch
Check the drainage.
Drench the soil with a pail of water, wait a day, and squeeze a handful. If water runs out, you need to improve drainage by adding compost or organic matter.
Pull up the weeds.
Your vegetables don’t need competition; so get rid of unwanted greens!
Identify your soil.
If a ball of soil falls apart easily in your hand, it’s sandy. If it clings together, it contains lots of clay. Adding organic matter helps both problems. You want dirt that crumbles like chocolate cake.
Buy a simple soil testing kid and find the pH level of your soil. Plants put in the wrong kind of soil will fail to thrive and will be vulnerable to diseases. Use lime powder to make the soil more alkaline, or sulphur powder to make it more acidic. Don’t add lime at the same time as fertilizers. The best pH for growing vegetables is about 6.5 to 7.
Till the soil.
Turning the soil over with a digging fork will create a good growing medium.
Feed the soil.
Plants are hungriest for nitrogen, and you can supply it by sprinkling a pint of soybean meal (an organic fertilizer) on your patch.
5 Essential Tools
1. Fresh, quality seeds
Many seeds do not keep well, so start fresh every year.
2. Watering can
A five-liter can is a good size.
3. Soil testing kit
Testing kits are useful for determining the pH of your soil.
4. Electric propagator
Give your seedlings their best chance at life by placing them first in an electric propagator, with temperature and humidity control panels and a durable base tray suitable for direct planting or seed trays.
5. A plastic cloche cover
This provides a sheltered space for young plants and helps them get used to the outdoors gradually when they emerge from the warmth of the propagator.
Pick Reliable Growers
For a rewarding harvest, start off with plants that have the best chance of growing in your soil. Also, mix vegetables together to maximize your crop. For example, try growing beans, squash or beans, potatoes and corn together. Beans can grow up the corn stalks instead of up purchased trellises and corn and potatoes suppress the growth of weeds. The corn plant provides support for the beans and the beans acquire and fix nitrogen from the atmosphere and feed the corn plants, eliminating the need for fertilizer.
The best growers include:
Sow very thinly, .4 inches deep. Allow 9.5 inches between rows. When they begin to sprout, cover with a horticultural fleece to protect them from carrot flies.
This is a seed blend of lettuces and other salad-worthy greens. Buy two packets, one of lettuce and another that includes mustards, kales or escaroles for variety. Sow small patches of each mix, and then plant a little more a few weeks later.
These grow best in cool wet conditions, so plant them early. Sow in double rows about six inches apart.
Thyme, dill, and sage are simple to grow, and they come back each year. Thyme grows well in areas too dry for other plants.
Sow sparsely in rows nearly an inch deep and 9.5 inches apart.
Brussels sprouts and cabbages
Plant these hardy vegetables towards the end of April, directly in the ground, .4 inches deep.
Plant onions six inches apart, making a small hole and then filling it with soil.
This is one of the easiest vegetables to grow. Plant Swiss Chard in clusters 24 inches apart for year-round greens.
When Is The Best Season To Plant?
When is the best season to plant seeds to ensure you get the best results in your garden? To answer this question, it really comes down to what it is you plan on growing. So we’ve divided up the seasons to let you know when is the best time of year to plant a range of different fruits and vegetables.
In the summertime, rain is scarce, so it’s best to plant seeds that will thrive on long and hot summer days. Unless you plan on planting in the shade under a reticulation system, of course! Consider planting tomatoes, zucchini and capsicum in your garden by the middle of summer to get the best growth throughout the season.
Autumn can be one of the most beneficial seasons of the year to plant your seeds because it’s not too hot or too cold, and rain is steady. Herbs such as parsley, oregano, chives and coriander tend to love this time of year. And for other produce, it’s a good time to plant orange and lemon trees, as well as avocado plants and olive bushes. When it comes to vegetables, good choices to plant for hearty autumn meals include celery, cauliflower, broccoli and broad beans.
Winter can sometimes be tricky for your garden, especially if temperatures get below freezing, as this can damage your produce. However, there are still some plants that can survive the colder months. This produce includes artichoke, carrots, lettuce, onions and radishes.
Spring is the time of year for new life, so you’re right in thinking it’s a good time of year to get out into the garden and start planting a new vegetable patch. Some of the best herbs to sow at this time of year include basil, dill, mint and parsley. Vegetables and fruit can grow well when planted in spring too. Try putting snow peas, spinach, tomatoes and celery into your soil around 70 days before the last spring frost. It really is feasible to plant at all times of year. You simply need to choose the right produce for the season and do a bit of research on the climate in your area before selecting when to plant your seeds. Once the seeds are in the ground, here are some good tips on how much you should water your produce.
When Is the Best Time to Start Your Garden?
If you’re new to gardening, you may think the growing season doesn’t begin until April or May. But that’s not true — you can start planting seeds much earlier.
In fact, you should! If you start the right crops now, you’ll likely be harvesting your own fresh veggies by April or May.
But notice, I said you must start the right crops.
There are a handful of plants that thrive in the cooler conditions of late winter and early spring. And in this post, you’ll learn which crops qualify.
Fun fact: Tower Garden doesn’t use soil. That means you can start the growing season before most traditional gardeners (who must wait for the ground to warm up).
16 Crops That Thrive in Cool Spring Weather
I love the crisp, energizing air of early spring. And I’m not the only one.
The following 16 crops tolerate nippy nights and, in some cases, even light freezes:
- Chinese cabbage
- Swiss chard
I spy several superfoods on that list!
Tower Tip: Want more plant suggestions? Many fall season crops also grow well in the spring.
The Best Time to Plant Your Garden
For most of the United States, the best time to start spring crops is, well, now. But to get more exact planting recommendations based on your area, use this handy calendar.
(As a general rule, you should plant hardy greens and cole crops a few weeks before your final frost.)
Tower Tip: Don’t want to wait for the weather to warm up? You can start your indoor garden any time, regardless of the temperatures outside.
As I mentioned, most of the crops above can handle light freezes. (Many of them actually prefer cold weather.) So it’s OK if your spring garden experiences a few frosts.
How to Start Your Spring Garden
Excited to start your spring garden? Follow these five steps, and you’ll be harvesting your own salads in no time.
1. Plan your garden.
A solid garden plan considers factors like plant arrangement, sun exposure, and what you actually like to eat.
2. Secure your growing supplies.
If you want to start your plants from seed, I recommend these seed suppliers. But for a head start, you may also order seedlings from a Tower Farm.
Are you running low on Mineral Blend or something else? Click over to the Tower Garden store to restock.
3. Clean your Tower Garden.
If your garden has been sitting in storage since last growing season, it may need a quick cleaning.
(If this is your first season with Tower Garden, you can skip this step.)
4. Plant your spring crops.
Once you have your seeds, follow these tips to germinate them successfully.
When your seedlings grow to about three inches tall and have roots protruding from the rockwool, you can plug them into your Tower Garden. (If you start with seedlings from a Tower Farm, you can plant them right away.)
5. Watch for severe weather.
Cold season crops are pretty tough. But if you anticipate a stretch of freezing weather, consider heating your Tower Garden.
A basic aquarium heater will suffice — you just need to keep the water temperature above 65˚F. And covering your plants with this blanket overnight can also protect them from frosts.
I hope this guide gets you gardening — and enjoying delicious harvests — earlier than you expected this year.
If you have any questions, leave a comment below, and I’ll try to help!