- Jasmine (Jasminum)
- Five stunning jasmine flowers to remind us of the sweetness of life
- Growing and Caring for Fragrant Jasmine Flowers
- What are Jasmine Flowers?
- Planting Jasmine Flowers
- Jasmine Plant Care
- Common Questions About Jasmine
- Growing Jasmine Plant: Information For Growing And Care Of A Jasmine Vine
- Jasmine Plants
- How to Grow Jasmine
- Care of a Jasmine Vine
- Indoor Jasmine Care
- How to Grow Jasmine Cuttings
Jasmines are very popular deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen climbing plants. Most are summer flowering, producing white, cream or pink, scented flowers. Jasminum nudiflorum (winter jasmine) is a wall shrub that, as its name suggests, produces its delightful yellow flowers in winter.
Several summer-flowering species are commonly grown – and some are hardier than others. Jasminum officinale (common summer jasmine), J. beesianum, J. humile and J. x stephanense are generally frost hardy and can be grown outside against a warm, sunny wall. In cold regains, it is better to grow them in a a conservatory or greenhouse.
Jasminum mesnyi and J. polyanthum are not hardy and are best grown as houseplants, preferably in a conservatory or greenhouse.
How to grow jasmine
Indoors, jasmines prefer a brightly lit position, preferably a south-facing or west-facing aspect, but with some protection from strong, burning sunlight in summer. They can be moved outside to a warm, sunny patio in summer – but make sure you bring them back indoors before the weather turns cold and frosty in autumn. They need a minimum temperature of 13-15°C (55-60°F).
Outdoors, summer-flowering jasmines need to be grown in a warm, sunny, sheltered position – preferably a south- or south-west facing aspect. Jasminum nudiflorum tolerates more shade and can also be grown in a a south-east or north-west facing aspect.
Jasmines are perfect for growing in good-sized pots and other large containers of multi-purpose compost or John Innes compost.
Dig over the soil thoroughly and add lots of bulky organic matter, such as planting compost, to break up heavy soils and help ensure good drainage.
Plant in good sized pots using John Innes compost.
Suggested planting locations and garden types
Flower borders and beds, walls and fences, patios, containers, city and courtyard gardens, houseplant, indoor plant, summer patio plant.
How to care for jasmine
Water plants moderately when plants are in growth (April to September), but more sparingly when dormant (autumn and winter).
Feed with a high potash liquid feed (such as a tomato feed) every few weeks during the growing season from late spring to early autumn.
Water freely during dry weather. Plants growing in containers will need regular watering from spring to the beginning of autumn.
Feed once a year with a controlled-release feed applied in spring, or liquid feed every fortnight from March to September.
Training and pruning
Jasmines need a stout support to grow up. Train the stems to cover their support and tie them in regularly.
Summer jasmines Prune immediately after flowering, in late summer or early autumn. Winter jasmine Prune in spring, immediately after flowering.
Cut back the stems that have flowered to a strong side-shoot lower down on the plant. At the same time, thin out overcrowded, crossing and unwanted stems.
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
Partial shade, Full sun
Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy
Moist but well-drained
Up to 6m (20ft)
Up to 90cm (3ft)
Five stunning jasmine flowers to remind us of the sweetness of life
Five stunning jasmine flowers to remind us of the sweetness of life
By Laurelynn Martin and Byron Martin
‘Maid of Orleans
Grand Duke of Tuscany
The sweet scents of jasmine help us ease the transition with back to work and back to school after the lazy days of summer. A genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family, jasmine contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions. Widely cultivated for the characteristic fragrance of their flowers, jasmine flowers emit some of the sweetest fragrances on earth, and can bring the indoor gardener that soothing sense of relaxing into what’s next.
You can even make your own calming jasmine water that’s a refreshing drink like cucumber or lemon water. Drinking jasmine water in the morning starts your day with an almost spa-like benefit. Simply pick the flowers at night and place them in a covered jar of filtered or spring water. By the next morning, the sweetly infused water is waiting for you to start your day. You can also add jasmine flowers to black or green tea and this tasty and healthy brew is called jasmine tea. Here are a few of our favorite flowering jasmine plants…
The Jasmine sambac varieties are known for their sweet fragrance, ease of growing and floriferous nature. One of our favorites is Jasmine ‘Maid of Orleans’ (Jasminum sambac). It is always in flower and blooms at 12” tall. This everblooming jasmine has a bushy growth habit and does particularly well on windowsills. The fragrance of the white flowers clears the air and adds a touch of peaceful tranquility.
Jasmine ‘Grand Duke of Tuscany’ (Jasminum sambac) is another favorite. The double flowers resemble small carnations. The upright growth habit makes for a nice outdoor summer plant but come fall, it is ready to be brought into a sunny room and fill the space with its rich fragrance.
We offer some vining jasmines like the multi-petaled Azores Jasmine (Jasminum azoricum). It flowers heavily in the fall, spring and summer and it’s best grown on a stake or trellis. This one is relatively free of insects and diseases and its vigorous growth habit will cover a trellis in no time.
Another everblooming jasmine with bright yellow, sweetly scented flowers is Jasmine ‘Revolutum’ (Jasminum humile). It is a stiff-stemmed vine and adds a bit of dimension to the windowsill with its buttery yellow color. Although originating in Asia, the Royal Horticultural Society has long been enamored with Jasmine ‘Revolutum’ and gave it the prestigious Award of Garden Merit.
Finally, we would be remiss if we didn’t mention the long-time favorite jasmine of Logee’s, the Winter Jasmine, also known as Jasmine polyanthum. In the dead of winter, you can walk into our “Big House” and growing in the top of a tree is our Winter Jasmine. When in full bloom, a blizzard of snow white flowers appears filling the entire greenhouse with a fragrance that gives us hope and promise that spring is just around the corner. Remember, Winter Jasmine needs a cool period in the fall to initiate flower bud formation and then it will bloom reliably from December to March. As the fragrance of these treasured flowers fills your home, you’ll enjoy the aromatherapy benefits of jasmine to relieve stress and boost your mood.
You can learn more about these lovely Jasmine flowers below:
– Jasmine ‘Maid of Orleans’ (Jasminum sambac)
– Jasmine ‘Grand Duke of Tuscany’ (Jasminum sambac)
– Azores Jasmine (Jasminum azoricum)
– Jasmine ‘Revolutum’ (Jasminum humile)
– Winter Jasmine (Jasmine polyanthum)
Growing and Caring for Fragrant Jasmine Flowers
Delicate and dainty with small flowers, jasmine is known around the world for its unique tropical smell and pretty blossoms that attract bees. The jasmine flower is usually white, although some species are yellow or cream, and it can bloom all year long. Jasmine can grow in a pot or hanging basket. It can also be planted directly in the ground and trained to climb or grow as bushes or ground cover.
Interested in growing Jasmine? Learn everything there is to know about jasmine plant care so you can enjoy its sweet-smelling flower and full, hardy look.
- What are Jasmine Flowers?
- Planting Jasmine Flowers
- Jasmine Plant Care
- Types of Jasmine
- Common Questions About Jasmine
What are Jasmine Flowers?
Jasmine flowers are tropical blooms that thrive in warmer climates. Most varieties have a distinct scent that is popular even off the vine. The smell of jasmine can be found in everything from teas to candles to soaps to lotion. Jasmine has bright green, glossy foliage and likes sun to light shade and relatively fertile, well-drained soil. Some jasmine plants are evergreen, meaning they will keep their green leaves year-round. While growing jasmine does require some effort, it’s well worth it, as the plant will put on a profuse, showy display of blooms that can liven up even the dullest of yards.
Planting Jasmine Flowers
Planting jasmine is easy. Just follow these simple tips.
- When to plant jasmine – Plant jasmine bushes any time between June and November.
- Where to plant jasmine – Jasmine will grow well in full sun to partial shaded areas. Summer-flowering jasmine does better in a sunny spot, while other varieties, such as winter jasmine, like a more shaded area.
- Soils that jasmine thrive in – Jasmine needs well-drained but moist, moderately fertile sandy loamy soil.
- Supports for jasmine – If planting a twining vine variety and wanting jasmine to climb, the plant will need a support structure. A trellis or fence will both work.
- How to space jasmine – Jasmine should be planted at least 8 feet, sometimes more depending on variety, apart to accommodate for its future root growth, as it will grow tremendously and does not like to be crowded.
- How deep to plant – Dig a hole for the jasmine that is just deep enough so the plant will rest at the same level in the ground as it was when it was in the pot. It doesn’t need to be planted in a deep hole.
Jasmine Plant Care
Jasmine is not particularly hard to care for, but it does require some attention in the beginning and needs regular feeding and pruning. Learn how to care for a jasmine plant below.
- Watering – Jasmine flowers that are in-ground should be watered once a week. If it is unusually dry or hot, increase the frequency, but let the soil dry out in between. If your jasmine is in a container, it will likely require water multiple times each week, especially in the hotter months. Water it once the top 1 inch of the soil is dry.
- Training – If growing jasmine to climb a structure like a trellis or fence, help it by training young vines. Begin to train jasmine just after planting by weaving young stems through the trellis sections or by gently and loosely tying them onto the fence or support.
- Amount of sunlight – Jasmine needs full sun or part shade – usually about 6 hours or more of direct sunlight each day for full sun, and 2 – 4 hours per day for partial shade. The exact type of jasmine you plant, in addition to climate and other conditions, will determine how much sun a plant needs.
- Tips on how to prune – To prune jasmine, first remove any damaged, diseased or dead stems from the plant to prevent any spread of disease. Then remove any stems that are tangled or that no longer flower. Help keep trained jasmine clean and tidy by snipping stems that are growing away from the plant. Prune jasmine blooms immediately after they flower so vines have enough time to grow before the following season. Pruning is easy – simply pinch the tips by squeezing them between your finger and thumbnail. Proper and regular pruning will promote lush, full foliage and rapid growth.
Jasmine is a member of the olive family. The most common types are grown as vines, but there are some varieties that work as ground covers or shrubs, too. There are about 200 different species of jasmine, which is native to warmer, temperate tropical climates. Jasmine plant types will all have slightly different needs, so it is important to know about the varieties before choosing which one to plant.
- Arabian Jasmine – This variety of jasmine is an evergreen shrub or vine. It has white, very strongly scented flowers that open in the evening. Arabian jasmine can grow from 3 – 9 feet tall.
- White Jasmine – White jasmine is native to Burma and China and is an evergreen twining climber. Its pinkish flower buds show in late winter to early spring and bloom into white star-like fragrant flowers. White jasmine can grow 20 – 30 feet tall and 7 – 15 feet wide, so you will need ample room for this variety.
- Purple Jasmine – The purple jasmine flower is also known as star jasmine. This twining vine blooms 2-inch flowers in the spring and summer. It can grow 20 feet as a vine, but can also be grown on a smaller scale as a hedge, shrub or ground cover.
- Forest Jasmine – A woody climber, forest jasmine has dark green glossy leaves and bright white flowers that have a slight tinge of pink. It is a strong variety, with stems that can grow to more than 5 inches in diameter.
- Winter Jasmine – Growing up to 15 feet tall if trained on a trellis, Winter jasmine is known for its striking yellow blooms. Winter jasmine is native to China and, unlike most jasmine, doesn’t twine. Because of this, it needs to be pruned more often than other varieties.
- Spanish Jasmine – Another highly scented variety, Spanish jasmine is a deciduous climber or shrub that is widely used in perfumes. It can grow 6 – 13 feet tall.
Common Questions About Jasmine
Is Jasmine an annual or perennial?
Jasmine is a perennial that will grow year after year. Different varieties have different watering, space and sunlight needs depending on what zone they are growing in.
How much sun does jasmine need?
All types of jasmine will do well in full sun to partial shade – exactly how much sun a plant needs each day will depend on the variety.
Can jasmine grow indoors or outdoors?
Jasmine can grow both indoors and outdoors. Dwarf varieties do best indoors, but vines can also thrive inside the home. Just pinch or prune the plant in the dormant season to maintain the desired height and shape.
Can jasmine survive winter?
Many gardeners choose to grow jasmine in containers so they can bring the plant indoors over winter. If bringing jasmine inside because of extreme cold, do so gradually, over about a week or so, to allow the plant time to adjust to less sun once indoors. A good way to make this transition is by bringing the plant in at night, and then returning it outside during the day time, increasing the hours you leave it inside throughout the week. Once it is inside permanently, place it in the sunniest spot of the house.
When does jasmine bloom?
Jasmine blooms in clusters from spring until well into the fall. The sweet flowers are most often cream, white or yellow, depending on the variety, and will attract bees and other pollinators.
How long do jasmine flowers last?
With enough sun and the right watering and feeding, jasmine flowers will stay open and fresh for you to enjoy for several months.
Growing Jasmine Plant: Information For Growing And Care Of A Jasmine Vine
The jasmine plant is a source of exotic fragrance in warmer climates. It is an important scent noted in perfumes and has herbal properties. The plants may be vines or bushes and some are evergreen. Most jasmine plants are found in tropical to sub-tropical climates, although a few may thrive in temperate zones.
Protection from cold temperatures is one of the most important aspects of jasmine plant care. Growing jasmine vines can create a perfumed shield over arbors, trellises and fences. The bush types are excellent landscape specimens with starry pink, white, ivory or even yellow scented blooms.
Jasmine plant care may require a bit of effort, but the results are well worth the work. Not all jasmine plants are fragrant, but the most common and hardy do produce a sweet, carrying fragrance.
Common jasmine is a vine and has larger glossy green leaves than Royal jasmine. Both can survive in temperate climates if they are planted in a sheltered area. Arabian jasmine is a small bush with evergreen leaves.
There are many other varieties of jasmine plant, of which are best suited for sub-tropical climates. Learning how to grow jasmine will add a striking visual and olfactory touch to the garden.
How to Grow Jasmine
Choose a warm, sheltered location when growing jasmine. The vining varieties require a support structure as some can get 15 feet tall.
All jasmine plants prefer sun to light shade sites with well-draining and moderately fertile soil.
Install the plant in the ground at the same level it was growing in the nursery pot. Most jasmine plants are grafted onto the common jasmine rootstock because of its superior hardiness.
Care of a Jasmine Vine
Jasmine plant care is not difficult but does require vigilance. The vines need to be trained early when they are young. You may use plant ties or just weave them through trellis sections.
Fertilize the plant in spring just before new growth appears.
Pinch off the tips of the vines in the second year to promote branching which will fill the trellis with bushy growth.
The vining jasmine plant is prone to spider mites, which can be combated with horticultural oil or neem oil.
Indoor Jasmine Care
Dwarf varieties of jasmine make excellent houseplants. They require even moisture and a sunny location in the home.
Vines can also be brought into the home and the height is easy to manage with pruning or pinching in the dormant season.
Potted plants do not have access to extra nutrients, so they need fertilizing twice annually.
Watch carefully for pests and water from the bottom to prevent spotting on the glossy leaves.
Your jasmine plant will flower in late spring into summer. Repot it before bloom time in early spring as needed.
How to Grow Jasmine Cuttings
Harvest tip cuttings in spring and plant them for free plants. Dip the cutting into a rooting hormone and push the end into a soilless medium, such as peat. Keep the cutting lightly moist.
Jasmine plant cuttings are best started during June to October. Once rooted, follow general jasmine plant care instructions.