How to plant fuchsia

How to grow fuchsias

Here is our guide to growing fuchsias, full of expert advice to help your fuchsias thrive
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Fuchsias are versatile, hard working shrubs that will flower virtually all summer long. For a reasonably small amount of effort, you’ll be rewarded with a glorious show of pretty pendant flowers.

Fuchsia plants grow happily in sun or partial shade, whether planted in borders, beds, window boxes, hanging baskets and containers. In fact, they bring colour to almost any position that you can shake a trowel at. You can choose between evergreen or deciduous varieties.

Many people don’t know that the small purple fuchsia fruits are edible – although some are more palatable than others! Fuchsia splendens is considered to have one of the best flavours; the citrus-flavoured berries have a peppery aftertaste that works well in jams. Just another reason to consider these beautiful plants for your garden.

How to choose a fuchsia

Several varieties of fuchsias will happily grow in hanging baskets.
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A great addition to large or small gardens, fuchsias can trail and climb, as well as grow in beds, borders or baskets. Here are the main types:

  • • Trailing fuchsias: perfect for hanging baskets and patio containers.
  • • Upright/bush fuchsias: these bushy rounded shrubs are ideal for growing in borders and patio containers. Some of the larger varieties such as Fuchsia magellanica and Fuchsia riccortonii even work well as hedging.
  • • Climbing fuchsias: with a very rapid growth habit and long, lax stems, these fuchsias can be trained onto obelisks or against walls and fences for a spectacular vertical display.
  • • Standard fuchsias: upright or bush fuchsias can be trained as standards, making them superb specimen plants for patio containers.

Popular fuchsias

Fuchsia Pink Fizz is a fantastic alternative to clematis.
Image: Thompson & Morgan

There are so many types of fuchsia that it can be difficult to choose – take a look at our quick video to see some of the best fuchsia plants on our trials ground.

Spoilt for choice? Here is a list of some of our all time favourites:

  • • Fuchsia ‘Pink Fizz’ (Hardy): A free-flowering climber that blooms along the length of the stem, Pink Fizz grows over 2,000 pink teardrop flowers from June to November. The best climber you’ll ever grow, it’s ideal for walls, fences and obelisks.
  • • Fuchsia Giant-Flowered Collection (Half Hardy): With big, frilly blooms, these colourful, trailing showstoppers come in a wonderful mix of colours. Ideal for baskets and window boxes.
  • • Fuchsia ‘Shrimp Cocktail’ (Hardy): Resilient and hardy, this variety is a fusion of marbled hot pink petals with a candy blush; each bloom totally unique and almost luminous against the dark foliage. A truly exceptional plant when planted in borders and patio containers.
  • • Fuchsia ‘Dollar Princess’ (Hardy): With an RHS AGM for its excellent garden performance, this bushy variety is popular for its profusion of double purple blooms with contrasting cerise pink sepals. A lovely compact specimen that works well in patio containers, wildlife gardens, or planted at the front of mixed borders.

  • • Fuchsia ‘Lady in Black’ (Half Hardy): The very first black, double-flowered climbing fuchsia. Perfect for covering arches, trellis, walls and fences, Fuchsia ‘Lady in Black’ will climb up to 2 metres in a season!
  • • Fuchsia ‘Hawkshead’ (Hardy): This beautiful hardy fuchsia boasts dark green leafy stems, hung with dainty white flowers that are suffused with a trace of green at the tip.

Get your fuchsias started in warm, frost-free conditions before planting out.
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Fuchsia plug plants should be potted up using a good quality, well-drained compost and grown in warm, frost-free conditions. Trailing fuchsia plug plants, meanwhile, may be planted directly into baskets, window boxes and containers. These should also be grown on in warm, frost-free conditions until they’re well-developed.

To promote busier growth and more flowers, pinch out the growing tips of each plant while they’re still small. If you need a few tips on how to pinch out the stems, watch our helpful video:

When all risk of frost has passed, gradually acclimatise fuchsia plants to outdoor conditions over a 7 to 10 day period, before moving them (or planting them out) in their final positions.

When planting your hardy fuchsias in the ground, the base of the stem should be 5cm (2 inches) below the soil surface. This will help to protect the crown of the plant during cold winter weather.

Fuchsias are wonderfully versatile and will happily grow in sun or partial shade in any fertile, moist, well-drained soil. However, they do appreciate some shade during the hottest part of the day and a bit of shelter from cold winds.

Feeding and watering fuchsias

Moist but not waterlogged conditions are ideal.
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Fuchsias like to be watered regularly; you want to maintain moist but not waterlogged conditions.

Those that are grown in containers will need frequent watering, depending on the weather conditions, and those in hanging baskets should be watered at least once a day during hot summer weather. Fuchsias that are planted directly into borders should be kept moist, but will quickly become more self-sufficient once established.

Although many fuchsia plants are naturally floriferous, feeding them every few weeks throughout the summer with a soluble fertiliser (especially those grown in hanging baskets and containers) is well-worth the few minutes of effort. After all, regular feeding will encourage an endless supply of flowers. Deadheading the plants frequently will also prolong the flowering period.

How to prune fuchsias

Prune your fuchsias in spring.
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How you prune your fuchsia depends on the variety. But it’s fairly simple either way:

  • • Upright/bush fuchsias: Best pruned in spring, you should cut back the stems to a permanent low framework.
  • • Climbing fuchsias: Prune out the oldest stems in spring when the fresh buds begin to break, and reduce the remaining stems to restrict their vigorous growth to the available space.

How to train a standard fuchsia

A little effort to create a standard fuchsia creates a superb plant.
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Growing fuchsia standards isn’t difficult, but it can take up to 18 months to train your plant correctly. To achieve a spectacular specimen plant which has a clear main stem topped with a dense head of foliage, you’ll need to practise ‘pinch pruning’. Here’s how:

  • Allow your young fuchsia stem to grow upright, removing all sideshoots as they develop. Don’t remove the leaves from the male stem, however, as these will feed the plant.
  • • Tie the main stem to a cane to provide support as it grows.
  • • Once the fuchsia plant is 20cm (8 inches) taller than the desired height, pinch out the stem tip.
  • • New sideshoots will be produced at the top of the plant, which will form the head of the standard. Pinch out the tips of each sideshoot when it has 2-4 sets of leaves. Continue pinch pruning until a rounded head has formed.
  • • The leaves on the main stem will be shed naturally in time, or you can carefully remove them.

How to care for fuchsias over the winter

Some fuchsias benefit from wintering in the greenhouse.
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Wintertime can be tough for many plants, but hardy fuchsia plants are usually happy in sheltered borders all year round. Whether you’ve chosen a neat compact variety, such as Fuchsia Tom Thumb, or Fuchsia Magellanica, which can reach colossal heights, hardy fuchsias are best planted deeply in the ground to protect the crown during cold winter weather. But you can also give them added protection during this time by applying a deep mulch of bark chips, leaf mould or straw in late autumn each year.

Half-hardy fuchsias tend to be grown as annuals in many UK gardens, but they can be easily overwintered in a dry, frost-free greenhouse during the coldest months. Many of the most popular fuchsia cultivars for hanging baskets and patio pots are half-hardy fuchsias.

Standard fuchsias will need to be moved to a frost-free position during the winter months to protect their vulnerable stem from frost damage. You should do this regardless of how hardy the variety is.

Have you been inspired to grow fuchsias? Let us know how you get on over on our Facebook page.

Fuchsias, with their fairy-like blooms hanging from rich, green foliage have long been a popular staple in the British summer garden. In fact, the popularity of the Fuchsia is such that there is even a national society for them, The British Fuchsia Society. They are easy to grow and maintain, plus they provide brightly coloured summer to autumn displays in hanging baskets, containers or patio pots.

Background:

Although widely used in British gardens, the Fuchsia is native to South and Central America as well as other countries with tropical and sub-tropical climates like New Zealand and Tahiti. Renowned French botanist Charles Plumier is recognised for first coming across the much-loved Fuchsia plant during an exhibition to the Caribbean in the late 1690’s, Plumier named it Fuchsia after German Physician and botanist, Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566). Fuchs is credited as creating the first medicinal botanical garden in Germany which he used for teaching his medical students.

Why choose Fuchsia:

Fuchsia have a great many attributes, the greatest among them being that once planted and established they can thrive in the British climate for years with minimal amount of care, here are a few more reasons why the Fuchsia is so popular:

  • Approximately 2,000 varieties of Fuchsia in the UK which come in a range of sizes and colour combinations
  • You don’t need many plug plants to achieve a fulsome and vibrant display
  • They are prolific flowering and will bloom from summer through to autumn in partially shaded locations or in full sun
  • Their pendulous blooms are perfect in trailing hanging baskets, containers and in patio pots
  • Climbing Fuchsias can cover arches and trellis’s easily, they can even be used to disguise unsightly fences or sheds

Types of Fuchsia:

Fuchsia are usually grouped into three categories: hardy, upright or trailing. A common trait to all types of Fuchsia is how the pendulous flower-heads will bloom with the outer petal peeling back to reveal the inner petals, formed in a bell-like shape. Often the colour or shade of the outer petals will be different the inner ones; giving the blooms their fairy-like appearance. Fuchsia come in a range of sizes and colours: pinks, purples, whites red and oranges in all manner of shades and combinations.

Hardy:

A range of bushy and, as implied, hardy varieties. Once established they can be left to the British weather all year round. However, it worth considering which part of the UK you are based in. Sub-tropical Cornwall’s Fuchsias will certainly have no issues, but it may well be worth covering up or taking more Northern based Fuchsia’s inside during frosty spells. Pinch the new shoots to encourage bushy and profuse flowering.

Upright:

Upright, Bush or climbing Fuchsias can be trained into wonderful shapes. They look particularly effective when trained over an archway. The beautiful, often pendant-shaped flowers are a delight coming in in shades of pink, white and purple. Our bedding range of Fuchsia plants includes upright varieties that are ideal for pots, containers and the summer border as well as some amazing climbing Fuchsias.

Trailing:

This variety of Fuchsia is perfect for hanging basket displays and in potted displays, trailing elegantly over hanging the edges. This type is more sensitive to frosts and should be brought in during cold weather snaps. You can even get a giant variety of trailing Fuchsia which look especially effective with their ample, larger sized pendulous flower-heads.

Climbing:

These vigorous hardy climbing Fuchsias produce abundant flowers along upright climbing stems throughout the summer through to October. With a little support they will rapidly climb up arches, fences and trellis and are ideal for large pots or containers on the patio.

How to plant Fuchsia:

  1. Plant your Hardy Fuchsias in spring or autumn. Other varieties should be planted once all danger of frosts has passed in early to mid spring.
  2. We recommended using John Innes No2 compost when planting up your Fuchsia, avoid composts that are too peaty. In pots or baskets, three plugs will give an ample and effective display. The compost doesn’t need to be tightly compacted in your chosen container, Fuchsia do well with good drainage. If planting in a border display, space 30-40 cm apart.
  3. Once planted, water once a week. Take care to keep them moist but not waterlogged. Start by feeding them once a week. To encourage more blooms on your Fuchsia, feed with a high potash liquid feed and dead head fading flowers regularly.
  4. Fuchsia can be placed in a partially shaded or sunny location; however, they will appreciate partial shade during in the heat of the day during the summer months.
  5. It’s worth checking your Fuchsias over for pests and insects. The Fuchsia gall mite is one to keep an eye out for. Although the pest is not frequently or widely reported in the UK, the past ten years has seen this Fuchsia munching pest in gardens along the south coast and in some northern counties too. A little vigilance goes a long way in deterring the mite and harsh chemical treatments are not necessary. Simply check over your Fuchsia, remove and burn any damaged shoots, especially if they appear a yellowish-green or swollen and distorted.
  6. Prune back in spring just before new growths appear. With Hardy Fuchsia it’s best to prune back to ground level.

Dark Eyes Fuchsia

SKU: N/A Categories: Annuals, Plants & Flowers

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Characteristics

Species: Fuschia

Plant Height: 12 in.

Spread: 24 in.

Evergreen: No

Plant Form: arching

Summer Foliage Color: Green

Minimum Sunlight: Partial Shade

Maximum Sunlight: Full Sun

Ornamental Features

Dark Eyes Fuchsia features dainty nodding purple frilly flowers with red bracts at the ends of the branches from mid summer to early fall, which emerge from distinctive red flower buds. Its pointy leaves remain green in color throughout the year. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Dark Eyes Fuchsia is a multi-stemmed annual with a shapely form and gracefully arching foliage. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season’s flowers. It is a good choice for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration; Insects Dark Eyes Fuchsia is recommended for the following landscape applications; General Garden Use Container Planting Hanging Baskets

Planting & Growing

Dark Eyes Fuchsia will grow to be about 12 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. Although it’s not a Yes annual, this fast-growing plant can be expected to behave as an annual in our climate if left outdoors over the winter, usually needing replacement the following year. As such, gardeners should take into consideration that it will perform differently than it would in its native habitat. This plant does best in Full Sun to Partial Shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This particular variety is an interspecific hybrid. It can be propagated by cuttings; however, as a cultivated variety, be aware that it may be subject to certain restrictions or prohibitions on propagation. Dark Eyes Fuchsia is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor containers and hanging baskets. It is often used as a ‘filler’ in the ‘spiller-thriller-filler’ container combination, providing a mass of flowers against which the thriller plants stand out. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

Growing Fuchsia Flower – Care Of Fuchsias

The fuchsia flower is a beautiful, exotic flower with striking two-tone colors. The fuchsia flower is quite unusual with regard to its shape and the fact that they are really delicate. These beautiful flowers are great just about anywhere in your garden. However, you will find fuchsia growing best in hanging baskets on the patio. Keep reading to learn care instructions for fuchsia plants.

Care Instructions for Fuchsia

If you water and care for your fuchsia flower the way you are supposed to, you will find that fuchsia will grow abundantly pretty much all summer long.

The care of fuchsias includes making sure that there are no insects taking over the leaves of the plant. There are insects that will damage the fuchsia, so fuchsia plant care includes checking the area where the stem and leaf meet because this is a very common place to find insects.

Fuchsia plant care also includes making sure they have the right amount of light. Plant or hang your fuchsia flower in a semi-sunny area. They much prefer temperatures that are a little cooler and don’t like a lot of sunshine.

Be careful during summer months because too much hot weather weakens the fuchsia plant. This will not allow flowers to develop fully. You want to give this touchy plant plenty of shade. Also, hang the hanging baskets in cooler areas if you have summer temperatures that reach 80 degrees F. (27 C.) or more.

Fuchsia Plant Care

The care of fuchsias also includes water during hotter weather, but do not over water them or their roots will rot. Make sure the pots they are in provide adequate drainage.

Fuchsia plant care also requires a regular fertilization. Proper care for fuchsias means fertilizing them about every two weeks. They require some good nutrition, but you should limit use of fertilizer during late summer. This is because around this time, the fuchsia flower is getting ready for winter.

When the weather gets colder, avoid the frost and keep your fuchsia growing by taking them inside. You can hang them inside an enclosed porch area or even inside your home. You can keep your fuchsia growing all year long by wintering them indoors. Come spring, after the chance of frost, you can put them back outdoors and they will thrive and flourish in the right conditions.

Fuchsia plants are not hard to grow and in fact, you will find fuchsia growing quite abundantly in the right areas around your home. The hanging pots will over flow and hang down with beautiful flowers so long as you have provided the right kind of care.

Care For Fuchsias In Hanging Baskets & Containers

Most fuchsias like to be in a shady location, either no sun or morning sun only. However, there are some who don’t mind full sun when gradually gotten used to it. They are harder to manage in full sun, and you must be diligent about watering. Full sun is best left to the hardy varieties planted in the ground and cooler regions of the US.

Fuchsias can be planted a little deeper than the soil line in the pot they are in; but never ever allow any leaves beneath the soil, pick the leaves off and discard. Use a good potting soil that is high in peat moss, Miracle Gro makes an excellent potting soil. Handle the fuchsia with care, put fingers on both sides of the plant, gently tapping the side of the existing pot to loosen and tip it out into your hands. Scrap some of the soil off the top of the plant; loosen some of the roots by gently rubbing the roots. Then set your fuchsia into it’s new pot gently press soil about the plant. Water the newly planted fuchsia with a good water soluble half strength fertilizer.When caring for starter plants recently planted, water as needed. A finger in the pot will let you know. Increase watering as the plant grows.

Fuchsias grown in Hanging Baskets, Wall Baskets, and Pots need special attention. As these plants are in containers, they cannot send roots down to look for water. They need you to provide it for them. A full grown plant will need to be watered every day. A hanging basket or wall box on a very hot day will appreciate water twice a day. If direct sun is not on them, shower the leaves too. If the plant looks droopy, it probably needs to be watered or if the soil is wet, sprinkle the leaves.

Occasionally a crust will form in the soil on top of the container, preventing water to penetrate the soil. The crust will cause water to roll off to the side of the container and down the side of the container. An easy way to tell if your plant is dry and either not getting enough water or has the crust syndrome, is lifting it a little. If the container is dry it will be light in weight, if it has a crust on the top, break it up with a fork. It will need to have several applications of water applied. It should revive within a couple hours.

Never fertilize a dry plant. Always water well first, then wait awhile for the water to be absorbed. We use and recommend Jack’s Classic 20-20-20 previously known as Peter’s 20-20-20. All purpose Miracle Gro is good also. A once a week feeding is very beneficial. You can fertilize with every watering using a much diluted solution. We also use Apex or Osmocote 14-14-14 slow release fertilizer on top of the soil. If you purchased a hanging basket from us, by July 1, the application we applied will be used up and another application should be done at that time. 1 Tablespoon to a basket. Continue liquid feed also.

Seed Pods on the plants should be picked off after the blooms fall off. This is important as maturing seed pods signal the plant that it does not need to bloom as much.

Whitefly and aphid can be a problem for fuchsias. Orthene is a good product to spray with. We use some commercially available only products and talking with your local nursery will help you find some other choices too. Sometimes spider mite invades in late summer, that will require a miticide. A pesticide that contains pyrethrum works. Spider mites require a magnifying glass to see but not the damage they do. The leaves will have purple sun-burned looking blotches that will eventually cause a plant to defoliate from the center of the plant out to the ends. (Not enough water will also cause defoliation). You will need to spray once a week for 3 weeks to get all developing stages. Bayer makes a 2 in one systemic rose and flower product that can be sprinkled on the soil surface; the label states 6 weeks of protection. Read the label, it needs to contain Di-Syston to be active on mites.

A Safe Pesticide In a quart sprayer, mix 1/8 Cup Isopropyl alcohol, 2 tablespoons of SIMPLE GREEN, and 4 cups water. This solution must be sprayed on the insect, usually found sucking the life out of your plants, on the underneath side of the leaves. Aphids hang out anywhere they want, especially on the tips of the new growth.

Hardy Upright Fuchsia Care

When you get your plant in the spring, dig a hole about a 12” deep by 12” wide, larger if the plant you got was in a bigger container. If you have poorly drained soil, you will want to dig the hole bigger and add sand or perlite to the bottom. Mix the soil you took out of the hole with peat moss or a bagged compost and fill the hole back to within 3” of existing soil level. Leave the excess off to the side.

Water the prepared hole, then wait a bit for it to drain. Plant the fuchsia in the prepared hole at the level of the soil, which will be 3” below surrounding soil. Water a bit more to settle roots in. Sprinkle 1 tablespoon. Apex or Osmocote 14-14-14 around the top of the hole. As the summer progresses, fill in the hole, but try to keep the remaining soil mixture away from the main stem during it’s first summer as it may cause rot.

In late fall, allow the plant to harden off and drop leaves. Do not prune at this time. When all the leaves have fallen or the weather gets really cold, mound the plant with lots of mulch up to 6” higher than surrounding soil level. Then say in an authoritative voice goodnight, I’ll see you in the spring.

In mid to late April, start to pull back the mulch. If you see new growth, go ahead and pull it all the way off. If no new shoots, wait and check again in a week. When new growth appears on the old woody growth, prune these back to about 6” high. Also prune out weak growth and dead growth (it snaps when you bend it). Prune out some of the stems in the center to open up the plant.

When new growth is 2” long, spread 1 tablespoon of Osmocote 14-14-14 over the surface, not up next to the stem. When things really get growing, liquid feed with a 20-20-20 fertilizer.

Fuschia Flower Essence

Healing Properties: Fuchsia flower essence assists one in accepting long-repressed emotions, whether from this or other lifetimes, and embracing one’s long-submerged and neglected grief, pain, and suffering. Often, through this process with the help of this flower remedy, the Divine Child within is revealed.

Glory to Fuchsia,
For my suffering and pain,
And childhood past,
Are cleansed and soothed,
And healed at last.

Latin: Fuchsia hybrida

Color(s): Red, Pink and Purple

Archetype: Mermaid. Known as the “Virgin of the Sea,” the mermaid inhabits two worlds simultaneously: water (the emotions) and air ( the intellect). Her ability to descend to the depths of the sea gives her access to the hidden treasure of her Real Self. Her ability to ascend beyond the surface of the ocean waves, toward the sun and starts above, awakens her to higher levels of consciousness. Around her neck are pearls of wisdom, salvaged from buried treasure of her past.

Signature: A thick shrub with smooth green leaves and buds that form in clusters, pointing toward the earth. Upon flowering, its petals open upwards, crowning toward the heavens.

Healing: You must now learn to move freely between the watery realm of emotions and the arid world of the intellect. You are asked to courageously embrace life in all its dimensions, including pain and suffering, for in so doing, you strengthen yourself, allowing the spirit to travel beyond the confused emotions and perceptions of your personal history into the world of enchantment and true insight. Ultimately, like the fish-tailed Goddess, you emerge into wholeness; that which was once only known in the dark, womb-like places, is now fully integrated in the light of day.

When the Fuchsia mermaid visits you she invokes your long awaited transformation. The cherub angel pictured above her head represents your Divine Child, freed from the confines of the past and now heralding your glorious rebirth. Joyously, the hummingbird overlights you, for you have found many treasures buried in the darkness of your suffering and now know yourself to be whole in the midst of all that life has to offer. Rise up and receive the many blessings of your New World.

* Included in the Power of Flowers Healing Essences Kit

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