- Recently viewed bulb varieties
- Interesting Trivia About the History and Meaning of Anemones
- Anemones have also had a historical significance in various religions throughout the world:
- The Meaning Behind Different Anemone Colours
- Medicinal and Other Uses For Anemones
- Three Main Anemone Divisions According to Bloom Time
- Two of the Most Important Anemone Species and Cultivars
- Ideas to Inspire You to Combine Anemones With Other Spring Bulbs in the Garden
- Planting and Growing Anemone Blanda and Anemone de Caen Bulbs
- Growing Conditions for Anemones
- How to Plant Anemones
- Care of Anemones
- Anemone Flower Varieties to Grow in Your Home Garden
- Want to Learn More About Growing Anemones?
- Planting anemones for spring
- Common Name
- Flowering Season
- Blue Shades (Anemone blanda)
- Bressingham Glow (Anemone hupehensis)
- Chinese Anemone (tuberous)
- Dreaming Swan
- Elegans (Anemone x hybrida)
- Grecian Windflower (tuberous)
- Hadspen Abundance (Anemone hupehensis)
- Hollandia (Anemone coronaria)
- Honorine Jobert (Anemone x hybrida)
- Japanese (Hybrid) Anemone (non-tuberous)
- Königin Charlotte (Anemone x hybrida)
- Meadow Anemone (non-tuberous)
- Mr. Fokker (Anemone coronaria de Caen)
- Pamina (Anemone hupehensis var Japonica)
- Pocahontas (Anemone hupehensis)
- Praecox (Anemone hupehensis)
- Prinz Heinrich (Anemone hupehensis)
- Robustissima (Anemone tomentosa)
- Rosenschale (Anemone x hybrida)
- Scarlet Windflower (tuberous)
- September Charm (Anemone x hybrida)
- Serenade (Anemone x hybrida)
- Snowdrop Anemone (non-tuberous)
- Splendens (Anemone hupehensis var Japonica)
- The Bride (Anemone coronaria)
- Whirlwind (Anemone x hybrida)
- White Splendor (Anemone blanda)
- Wild Swan
- Wood Anemone (non-tuberous)
- Facts about Anemone Flowers
- from our stores – Pickupflowers – the flower expert
- Colorful Combinations
- Anemone Care Must-Knows
- Garden Plans For Anemone
- More Varieties for Anemone
- Plant Anemone With:
- How To Grow Anemones
- Anemone: planting, care and cultivation of the flower
- Anemone cultivation and its peculiarities
- Anemone species
- Preparation for planting anemone
- Anemone planting
- Anemone care
- Anemone after flowering
- Anemone Planting Guide
- Choosing Anemones for Your Part of the Country
- Choosing a Growing Site
- Soil Prep for Anemones
- When to Plant Anemones
- How to Plant Anemone Bulbs
- During the Growing Season
- At Season’s End
- Insider Tips
- Meet Rozanne’s Friends
- When is the Anemone Blooming Season?
- What are the Anemone Varieties?
Recently viewed bulb varieties
By Susan Klatz Beal
The anemone genus comprises 200 or more flower species. They all belong to the ranunculus or Ranunculaceae family. Wild anemones grow throughout most parts of the Northern Hemisphere. As a genus, anemones are prevalent throughout much of the world, including Asia, Europe, Japan, and North America. The fact that native habitats are spread out throughout a large part of the globe complicates botanists’ efforts to find their exact origin.
Interesting Trivia About the History and Meaning of Anemones
The word anemone is derived from the Greek word “anemos” which means “the wind”. The Greek etymological origin is the basis for the reference to these flowers by their common name – Windflower. The connection between anemones and Greek language and culture don’t end there. There is a symbolic relationship between anemones and death, especially the famous myth about Adonis and Aphrodite.
According to the legend, Adonis went hunting, and Aphrodite rode her chariot into the forest to follow him. Unbeknown to either Aphrodite or Adonis, her former lover, Ares, disguised himself as a wild boar and followed them into the woods where he attacked Adonis in a jealous rage.
Aphrodite tried desperately to save Adonis. She covered his wound with nectar and rushed his body out of the forest to save his life, but she never had a chance. His soul left his body and descended into the underworld.
Back in the forest, in every spot where drops of Adonis’ blood or nectar fell, crimson anemones sprouted. That story and the mention of anemones became the source from which anemones became symbolic for undying or unfading love.
Anemones have also had a historical significance in various religions throughout the world:
- Anemones had two meanings in Greek mythology: the death of a beloved and the sense of loss that it causes. It is also associated with the first warm spring breezes – the wind;
- In Christianity, red anemones represented Christ’s blood after he was nailed to the cross;
- For the Near East, there was a negative association with anemones because people believed that they were connected with bad luck, or that they were harbingers of disease. The rest of the Eastern world shared the belief that anemones were symbolic of back luck;
- For Europeans, anemones were signs of bad omens, so they associated them with misfortune. They clung to the superstition so steadfastly that they’d hold their breath if they had to walk through a field where they were growing;
- European peasants saw anemones as a good luck symbol, so they carried them to ward off diseases. The characteristic closing of flowers at night and reopening in the morning prompted the belief among many European peasants that the flower symbolised anticipation as people waited for something that was supposed to happen soon;
- In England and Ireland, people believed that the petals were beds for fairies, so when the flowers closed, that meant that fairies were asleep inside;
- In China, red anemones were a symbol of death. For Chinese and Egyptian people, different flower colours represented different illnesses;
- According to the Victorian Language of Flowers, Anemones symbolised all forsaken love;
- Throughout the United States and other parts of the western world, anemones have more positive connotations because they protect people from evil and bad luck.
The Meaning Behind Different Anemone Colours
Flower colours have always had a significance, in particular through the Language of Flowers that was popular during the Victorian Era.
Pink and Red represent lost love – either through forsaken love or through the death of love (meaning the death of a loved one.)
White is a sign of death and bad luck, and in Eastern cultures, white anemones are used for funerals.
Purple and Blue, which are typical anemone colours, represent anticipation or safety. They protect people who wear, carry, or have blue or purple anemones in their homes from evil.
Medicinal and Other Uses For Anemones
During the Middle Ages, herbalists used anemones to treat gout and headaches. Since all anemone species and Cultivars are poisonous, they are no longer used as herbal medicinal remedies.
Purple-flowered varieties are boiled to produce a light green dye that is used as a fixative to set dye colours on textiles, yarns, and even for Easter eggs.
Three Main Anemone Divisions According to Bloom Time
Group 1 encompasses Species and Cultivars that bloom in spring and that are grown from tubers or rhizomes. Anemone Blanda (Grecian Windflower), and Anemone nemorosa (European wood anemone) belong to the first group.
Group 2 contains species that bloom in spring and summer. Anemone coronaria, including the Cultivars belonging to the de Caen group, belong to the second group.
Group 3 includes species that bloom during the summer and fall months. These varieties are characterised by their fibrous roots. They do best in places where the soil is moist, and the light is dappled. Anemone hupehensis (Chinese anemone), is one of the species in the third group.
Two of the Most Important Anemone Species and Cultivars
Anemone Blanda is known by several common names, including Balkan Anemone, Grecian Windflower, and Winter Windflower. Anemone Blanda is the species that is thought of in connection with windflowers. Its native habitat was Lebanon, South-eastern Europe, Syria, and Turkey. It is considered a tuberous, but herbaceous perennial. Its growth habit is compact and spreading, and it creates a mat-like ground cover. It is one of the lowest growing species of anemones, growing only to a maximum height of 15.25 cm (6-inches.) It is frequently found with bulbs of mixed colours. The flowers of Anemone Blanda look a bit like small daisies or stars. It blooms in early spring before most other flowering plants, trees, or shrubs are in bloom. Flower colours include a dark blue-purple, pink, and white.
Anemone blanda is characterised by a compact growth habit that spreads, creating a mat-like ground cover. It is one of the lowest growing species of anemones, growing only to a maximum height of 15.25 cm (6-inches.) It is frequently found with bulbs of mixed colours. The flowers of Anemone Blanda look a bit like small daisies or stars. It blooms in early spring before most other flowering plants, trees, or shrubs are in bloom. Flower colours include a dark blue-purple, pink, and white. Given the ideal growing conditions, Anemone blanda is the ideal companion for other spring-blooming bulbs. With some thoughtful planning, you can fill your garden with an array of colourful spring flowering bulbs that bloom at different times, ensuring that you can enjoy the splendour of a garden of spring-blooming bulbs that begins in early spring and continues through the rest of the growing season.
Anemone coronaria is known as Poppy Anemone. It is also referred to as Florist Anemone. It is a species that comes from the area around the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered a herbaceous perennial that grows to a height of between 20 cm (7.87- inches), and 40 cm (15.75-inches.) Anemone Coronaria is commonly grown for the florist trade. The Anemone coronaria species produces single flowers on a tall stem. Fully open flowers measure between 3 cm (1.81-inches), and 8 cm (3.15-inches).
Anemones that belong to the de Caen group of Cultivars produce single flowers. The St. Brigid cultivar is characterised by the plant’s large double flowers. An important distinguishing character between Anemone coronaria and Anemone blanda is that the former is frost sensitive. That means that if you choose to plant any of the Cultivars that belong to the Anemone coronaria species, you will have to lift them from the soil before the first frost, or plant them in containers that you can move to a cool dark place where they can rest during dormancy.
Two of the most popular cultivar groups in the Anemone coronaria species are Anemone St. Brigid and Anemone de Caen. The de Caen group are hybrids that were originally cultivated during the 18th century in France in the Bayeaux and de Caen districts of Normandy.
Anemone coronaria ‘Sylphide’ is also known as Garden Anemone ‘Sylphide’ or Poppy Anemone ‘Sylphide’. Like the other anemones in this species, it is considered a herbaceous perennial. The flowers are a dark, pinkish-rose colour, and the centres are black like that of poppies. It has a compact growth habit and an upright erect form and shape. Over time, it spreads in the growing bed. This Poppy Anemone cultivar blooms from late spring into early summer.
Anemone coronaria ‘Bicolor’, known by its common names Garden Anemone ‘Bicolor’ or Poppy Anemone ‘Bicolor’ is a herbaceous perennial. It gets the ‘Bicolor’ part of its name from the fact that the petal colours are bi-coloured. The outside portion of the petals is white. Between the white and the unique black centres, there is an area where there is a pinkish-red colour that is about the same width as the white part.
Ideas to Inspire You to Combine Anemones With Other Spring Bulbs in the Garden
Few sights capture the essence of spring in all of its splendour more than the spring bulbs that burst into bloom before most summer perennials emerge from the ground. Anemones can be combined with other spring-blooming bulbs, including Muscari bulbs (Hyacinth,) tulips, and daffodils. When you plant groups of bulbs that bloom at different intervals during the spring, you are creating a visual spectacle that will please you with its array of colours throughout the earliest part of the garden season.
Anemone Cultivars ‘Blue Shades,’ and ‘White Splendour’ belong to the Anemone blanda species. Both have daisy-like flowers that bloom between late spring and early summer. Their ground-cover-like growth habit makes them ideal companions for taller growing Anemones like those in the coronaria species.
Anemones are ideally suited to growth in containers because of their relatively compact size. Create a showy container garden by combining Anemone blanda ‘White Splendour’ with single-flowered Anemones from the de Caen group using ‘Hollandia’ in bright red and ‘Mr. Fokker’ in bluish-purple. Combine Anemone ‘Blue Shades’ with mixed colours of the double-flowered St. Brigid group.
Create an elegant container for a patio or balcony, walkway or garden path. Combine red and white ‘Hollandia’ bulbs and mauve-coloured “Mr. Fokker bulbs to create a backdrop against the sophisticated and eye-catching beauty of Anemone coronaria ‘The Bride’ for a show-stopping container garden that captures the attention of anyone who sees it.
Planting and Growing Anemone Blanda and Anemone de Caen Bulbs
Before planting any Anemones, soak the bulbs (or corms) in a bucket full of lukewarm water for a few hours.
Anemones in the coronaria species are not frost tolerant. In places where, winters are mild and freezing temperatures aren’t a concern, Anemone coronaria bulbs, including those in the de Caen and St. Brigid cultivar groups, can be planted in fall. In other places, spring planting will ensure that the bulbs are protected from the excessive cold.
Plant Anemone blanda, Anemone de Caen, and Anemone St. Brigid bulbs in early spring for a kaleidoscope of colourful blooms in late spring and early summer. The blanda and de Caen varieties prefer partial shade to full sun, whereas St. Brigid is better suited to full sun.
Till or use a garden fork to loosen the soil in your garden to a depth of 38.1 cm or 15-inches. All of these anemones need to grow in a medium that drains well. Allow a space of 7-9 cm (or 3 to 4-inches) between bulbs when planting. Each bulb should be planted 7-10 cm (3 to 4-inches) below the surface of the dirt. After planting the bulbs, water the planting beds or pots thoroughly. From then on, anemones will do best in slightly moist soil. The location you choose to plant them in and the degree of drainage, either from amendments to the soil, or the site of the growing bed, is the most critical element of Anemone culture and maintenance. Anemones are very easy to grow, as long as the soil isn’t excessively wet or soggy.
Anemones are an excellent addition to any flower garden. Use Anemone blanda to create a blanket of colour that covers the ground or the soil surface in a large pot or container that is filled with anemones or other late spring or summer-blooming flowers. Combine Anemone Species and Cultivars for a vivid display of intensely bright colours.
Anemone blanda is a hardier species than Anemone coronaria and the de Caen and St. Brigid groups. If you plant both varieties in the ground together, place plant markers next to the bulbs where they can be seen above the soil. The markers will help you locate the frost sensitive bulbs at the end of the growing season. You will need to dig them up and place the clean and dry bulbs in a cool, dark place where they can rest during their winter dormancy. Be sure you remember to protect your container-grown Anemones, too.
“All About Anemone Bulbs”
is a guest blog written by:
Susan Klatz Beal
Avid gardener, collector of exotic plants
Anemones are a perennial flowering plant that is part of the buttercup family. They are also sometimes referred to as windflowers due to the Greek meaning of their name. In Greek mythology, anemone flowers are a symbol of the love between Adonis and Aphrodite. These fairytale flowers are easy to grow and make a low-maintenance addition to any garden.
Anemones grow wild in several regions, including North America, parts of Europe, and Japan. They are also a staple in many home gardens. Their soft, cup-shaped, daisy-like blooms can help fill out and brighten any garden space, and they are useful in attracting bees. Anemone flowers have also become popular in arrangements for weddings and bridal bouquets.
Though there are many varieties of anemones, they can fall into two groups: those grown from tubers and those that have fibrous roots. Anemone types grown from tubers will be found at your local gardening store with other bulbs, such as tulips, and do well planted with them. Anemones that grow with fibrous roots will be found already growing in containers with other perennials.
There are many varieties that bloom from early spring to late fall in a range of colors, including white, pink, red, blue, purple, and sometimes yellow. These different varieties mostly call for the same types of care, but some grow better than others in certain areas. It is important to know care details for the type of anemone you choose. Different types will call for different care, have different blooming times to go along with their different planting times, and different optimal garden placements.
All anemone varieties are poisonous if ingested and should be kept away from pets and children.
Growing Conditions for Anemones
All anemone plants like moist but not soggy soil, and they should always be planted in a well-draining container or area of the garden. Spring-blooming varieties do well in partial shade, while fall-blooming varieties are fine in partial shade to full sun.
The best zones for growing anemone flowers differ from plant to plant. For this reason, it is important to research the specific anemone type you have to make sure you’ve chosen what grows best in your area.
How to Plant Anemones
Using a garden fork, loosen the top layers of garden soil. If you wish to add compost to your soil, now is the time.
Planting Anemones from Tubers:
Tubers should be planted in the fall to bloom the next spring. If you live farther north of the suggested growing area of your selected plant, you will need to wait and plant your anemones in the spring.
To prepare the tubers, soak them in water for eight to 12 hours before planting. You will want to plant the tubers two to four inches deep in the soil and three to six inches apart. The oddly shaped tubers can be placed in the soil facing any direction. There is no distinct top or bottom. Water the soil thoroughly. If you chose not to soak your tubers, make sure you use enough water to soak them thoroughly during this first watering.
Planting Non-Tuber Anemones:
Container-grown anemones with fibrous roots can be planted any time during the growing season but will do best when planted in the spring. Make a hole twice the diameter of the container the plant is in and as deep. Make sure to place plants at least 10 inches apart. Gently remove the plant from the container and place it in the hole. Make sure the top of the root ball is even with the soil. Fill in the soil around the plant, and gently pack it in with your hands. Water thoroughly.
Care of Anemones
Anemones are generally a low-maintenance plant and do not need much ongoing care.
Follow a regular watering schedule to keep the soil moist. The soil should never be overly wet. Once the flowers bloom, they should last three to four weeks. If not harvested, the blossoms will fall off or be blown away.
Once the blooms have been spent, leave the plant’s foliage in place for its nourishment. Any foliage that is fading or dying can be trimmed away for appearances, but step this is not necessary to keep anemones healthy.
Prune plants to soil level in late fall to prepare them for winter. A layer of mulch, straw, or leaves can be added above them to help protect the plants from winter elements.
Garden Pests of Anemones
Anemones can fall prey to a few common garden pests. Here’s what you need to know to keep your anemone plants infestation-free.
Japanese beetles and blistering beetles may be the most common enemies of the anemone. The beetles will strip the plants of their blooms, causing damage that may take a long time to heal. You will notice the insects with their bright markings: bright orange for the blistering beetle and metallic green for the Japanese beetle.
Snails and slugs will stay hidden during the day and emerge overnight to eat large holes in the anemone’s foliage and flowers. These pests can be pinpointed by the slimy trails they leave over plants and garden soil.
Aphids and whiteflies will attach themselves to the leaves of the anemone plant to suck the juices from within. They will cover the leaves and other parts of the plant in sticky secretions that can lead to mold.
Foliar nematodes attack from the soil level during winter months and feed on the leaves and foliage of the plant. Their infestation will appear as black lesions on the anemone’s leaves.
Due to their poisonous nature, bigger varieties of garden pests, such as rabbits and deer, will leave anemones alone.
Anemone flowers can be cut from the plant once they have opened. Fresh-cut anemones are a welcome, delicate addition to any cut flower arrangement. The blooms will stay fresh in a vase for three to four days after being cut.
Anemone Flower Varieties to Grow in Your Home Garden
Japanese anemones usually produce a white or pink flower with a yellow and green center. They bloom from late summer to early fall and do well in zones 5 to 9.
Grecian windflower varieties come in blue, purples, pinks and whites, and all have yellow centers. They bloom from late winter to early spring and do well in zones 4 through 7.
Poppy anemones have black centers ringed with a white line. They come in red, blue, purple, and pink color varieties. With the black centers they resemble poppy flowers, hence their name. They bloom from late spring to early summer and do well in zones 6 through 9.
Shellie Elliott is a freelance writer and new mom based in Dallas, TX. She grew up gardening with her grandmother and has worked as a florist. She is currently obsessed with cacti and container gardening in small spaces.
Want to Learn More About Growing Anemones?
Learn how to grow Japanese anemones with this video from GardenClips.
Learn more about the poppy anemone with this segment from Grow Plants.
The Flower Expert
Gardening Know How
Planting anemones for spring
How to plant anemones for spring
- Anemones have strange-looking bulbs or tubers, like a craggy lump of dirt. They hate to dry out completely, so they are best planted in autumn when quite newly lifted and still damp.
- If they feel bone-dry, soak them in a bucket of water overnight and they will double in size and grow away more quickly.
- For these small-growing anemones, plant them on their longest side, rather than flat, about 2 in. deep and 3 in. apart.
- The Anemone blanda group likes good drainage, in light shade with loose, leafy soil so, when planting dense areas, try to mix in plenty of leaf mould.
- The wood anemone (A. nemorosa) prefers a dampish soil, thick with the organic matter that you’d expect to find on the floor of a deciduous wood, so add lots of leaf mould to their planting area, too.
- Anemone blanda ‘White Splendour’ and ‘Robinsoniana’ in particular are excellent forced in pots for the house and make lovely table centres.
- They’re also good in pots or beds in a cool greenhouse or conservatory where they should flower by early February. If kept cool, a pot looks good for more than a month.
Planting anemones in your spring garden will join up the dots and colour in the background between various dominant, showy bulbs. You can create a look in which the plants and shrubs all feel completely threaded together, with hardly a patch of bare ground, every inch colonised over the years by plants.
Instead of thinking of gardening as buying, planting anemones creates a garden as ‘being’, one that gives a sense that the garden is beyond your intervention, that the plants have evolved and worked things out between themselves.
To jump to that look, I’m planting huge numbers of anemones this autumn – not the showy, large-flowered florist’s Anemone coronaria, but the smaller Anemone nemorosa, Anemone ranunculoides and Anemone blanda, with some hybrids in between. Planting these small anemones is the cheapest, quickest way to create a delicate, calm, undulating spring ground cover, in sun or shade.
For the first, slightly shady area, I’m planting a couple of bagfuls of the wild wood anemone, A. nemorosa (AGM). This is one of the earliest spring flowers you can grow, and a brilliantly uplifting sight after the dark days of winter – pure, simply pretty and cheerful. The flowers are white, often washed pink and they look good for ages, flowering throughout March and well into April. The foliage disappears quickly and neatly after flowering and, unlike bluebells, doesn’t leave a chunky great seedpod to contend with in any later planting scheme.
- Wood anemones have a wide pH tolerance, occurring in the wild on almost all types of soil so, once in, they should do well.
- The one downside is that they are very slow colonisers, so the more you can put in at the outset, the better the impact will be for many years.
- The seed is rarely fertile so the plants spread by the very slow growth of their root structure “at a snail’s pace – no more than 6ft each 100 years” (Richard Mabey, author of Flora Britannica).
- With all anemones, if you want to pick them, sear the stem ends in boiling water for 15 seconds and they last – and hold their petals – for nearly a week.
If you want quick cover but equally sweet, delicate flowers, then the Anemone blanda varieties are for you. The blue-flowered form of A. blanda in particular readily self-sows. I first had these in a pot on the doorstep outside my office at Perch Hill, and from that small pot, now five years on, most of the spring Oast garden is a sea of blue. The seeds blow around and settle into any chink in your planting, taking hold and then gently spreading from there.
There is also the pure white A. blanda ‘White Splendour’ (AGM) which I love for picking, with whorly Catherine wheel flowers twice the size of the first two. And while we’re talking picking, you must grow just a few of the more expensive, but extraordinary, green-flowered A. nemorosa ‘Virescens’ (AGM), where all the petals have turned into highly and elegantly divided, green-edged, crimson bracts like miniature angelica leaves, laid one on top of another. This is the perfect foliage backdrop to a mini posy of polyanthus and crocus in a small sherry glass.
On top of the straightforward wood anemone varieties, all worth growing, there are some elegant and desirable rarities to keep your eyes peeled for.
Anemone nemorosa ‘Robinsoniana’ (AGM) are taller and generally showier than most wood anemones, in a delicious Farrow and Ball-style duck‑egg blue. This form, named after the wild gardening pioneer William Robinson, looks wonderful in drifts in thin grass below shrubs and trees with both primroses and cowslips.
As a child, I spent several Easter holidays in Asolo, a hill town on the edge of the Dolomites in Italy. There the woods were often full, not of the white anemone, but of the pale buttercup yellow, A. ranunculoides. This has taller, thinner stems, with the leaves finer and higher on the stem. A lovely thing too, perfect against the backdrop of fallen, coppery leaves with the odd dappled, silver-green leaf of Cyclamen hederifolium. I have real affection for this plant and the unsalted butter-yellow of its hybrid with Anemone ranunculoides, the pale and delicious, Anemone x lipsiensis ‘Pallida’.
So now, in early autumn, is your moment to plant one or all of these bulbs to provide the linking carpets between bright and pale, large and small throughout your spring garden.
Summer, Autumn, Spring
This genus of about 120 species of perennials is a member of the buttercup (Ranunculaceae) family. Widespread in the temperate regions of both hemispheres, they are a variable group, ranging from tiny alpines through small woodland natives to large, spreading, clump-forming species, some with fibrous roots, and others forming rhizomes or tubers. In addition to the many species, there are countless hybrids and cultivars. The meaning of the genus name is thought to come from the ancient Greek word for wind, anemos (hence the common name, indflower), though some consider it to come from Naamen, a variation on the name Adonis, whose blood gave Anemone coronaria its striking flower colour, according to legend.
A large and versatile group, anemones have colourful, wide-open, bowl-shaped flowers that are generally borne singly or in clusters on wiry stems held well above the clumps of finely divided foliage. Most species flower in spring shortly after the foliage appears but some continue into early summer and a few bloom in autumn.
Anemones vary in their requirements. The wood anemones prefer woodland conditions with dappled shade, the alpine species prefer gritty but moisture-retentive soil and full sun, and the bedding forms are best grown in a sunny border and should be kept moist when in flower. In general, anemones are happy in a sunny position with moist well-drained soil. Propagation is either by division in winter when dormant or, in the case of the strains grown as annuals, by seed.
Gardening Australia suggests you check with your local authorities regarding the weed potential of any plants for your particular area.
© Global Book Publishing (Australia) Pty Ltd from Flora’s Gardening Cards
Anemones are colorful and showy perennial flowers that are popular in gardens. Get to know more about these garden favorites and its various types.
Anemones are native to many European countries, North America and Japan. They have 120 species with three main types: Spring flowering, Tuberous Mediterranean and Fall flowering.
Spring flowering anemones are so-called because they bloom in spring. Tuberous Mediterranean anemones bloom during the spring and summer while Fall flowering anemones bloom in late summer to fall and have fibrous roots.
Blue Shades (Anemone blanda)
This is a stunning, daisy-like flower with lilac-purple petals and beautiful foliage. A low-growing plant, it has won several international flower awards and looks beautiful when planted in groups of 20 or more. Impressive in containers and garden beds, the Blue Shades does best in full sun and moist soil.
Bressingham Glow (Anemone hupehensis)
With deep rose-pink petals and beautiful yellow centers, this flower provides many weeks of color starting in late-Summer. It is resistant to most pests and diseases, and rabbits and deer stay away from it, too. Growing up to an eye-catching 3 feet in height, the flower does best with mulch if you live in a cold area, and it also naturalizes easily.
Chinese Anemone (tuberous)
The Chinese anemones are usually pink, dark-rose, or some shade in between, and they grow single- or semi-double blooms. They get up to 3 feet in height, and they are real lookers in any yard.
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These semi-double flowers have petals that are tinged pink and fade to white, with an underside that has lavender-blue bands on it. Getting up to 2 feet high, the Dreaming Swan is a very long-running perennial that blooms from early-Summer to early-Fall and looks stunning in borders and coastal gardens. The flowers are resistant to rabbits and deer, and will thrive as long as they are planted in full sun or partial shade.
Elegans (Anemone x hybrida)
This flower is a bit unique because it is pale pinkish-white in color and has light-yellow centers. It blooms from late-Summer through the Fall and has been the recipient of several international flower awards. With a long blooming time, these gorgeous blooms will demand attention, but take note it does better in full sun and moist but well-drained soil.
Grecian Windflower (tuberous)
With a thick mat of fuzzy leaves, this type of anemone comes in colors that can include sky-blue, white, reddish-purple, or pink, and they usually grow 10-12 inches high.
Hadspen Abundance (Anemone hupehensis)
This flower has cup-shaped petals in carmine pink-red and dark-green foliage. It blooms from late-Summer through the Fall and does best in full sun and well-drained soil. It is deer- and rabbit-resistant, and it looks stunning in containers and vases.
Hollandia (Anemone coronaria)
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With beautiful red petals that are white towards the center and have a dark middle, this is a cheery-looking flower that will quickly catch your attention. They get up to 16 inches high and have broad petals and bright-green foliage. Blooming in late-Spring to early-Summer, it looks extraordinary in vases and containers, not to mention borders.
Honorine Jobert (Anemone x hybrida)
A very cheery-looking flower, its wide petals are bright-white and frame stunning yellow centers. The flower is low-maintenance and easy to grow, which is one of the reasons it has won several international flower awards. It also grows up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet in width, and it looks stunning in coastal or cottage gardens.
Japanese (Hybrid) Anemone (non-tuberous)
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Getting up to 4 feet in height, these flowers have fuzzy leaves in a dark-green color and petals that come in colors such as rose, pink, or white. These petals are single- or double-bloom and are cup-shaped, making them quite elegant.
Königin Charlotte (Anemone x hybrida)
A well-behaved and low-maintenance flower, this variety is soft-pink in color with yellow centers and dark-colored leaves. It is unpalatable to rabbits and deer, and it loves full sun and moist but well-drained soil. It has won several international flower awards and is resistant to most diseases and pests, making it a perfect addition to anyone’s garden.
Meadow Anemone (non-tuberous)
Native to the United States, these anemones are small and have white centers, and they produce flowers in groups of two to three petals in the Spring and early-Summer. They can also grow up to 2 feet high.
Mr. Fokker (Anemone coronaria de Caen)
The Mr. Fokker has blue-violet, soft petals that are broad and eye-catching, as well as dark centers that perfectly complement the petals themselves. A lover of sun and well-drained soil, this flower looks beautiful in containers and vases, as well as borders and beds.
Pamina (Anemone hupehensis var Japonica)
The winner of several international flower awards, the Pamina boasts deep-rose, cup-shaped flowers and dark-green, vine-like foliage. The contrasting color of its bright-yellow centers make it truly outstanding, and it blooms from late-Summer through the Fall. Beautiful in prairies and meadows, the flower is tolerant, sturdy, and long-lasting.
Pocahontas (Anemone hupehensis)
With double-blooms and ruffled petals, this flower is bubblegum-pink in color and has bright-yellow centers. It grows up to 18 inches high and looks great in meadows and prairies. Blooming from mid-Summer to early-Fall, the Pocahontas naturalizes to form colonies and is a stunning addition to anyone’s garden.
Praecox (Anemone hupehensis)
Great for borders and cottage gardens, this flower has petals of deep pink and leaves that are deeply divided and dark-green in color. A salt-tolerant flower, it is virtually free of various diseases and pests, and it looks beautiful both in vases and when grown containers. When given moist and rich soil it will reach more than 4 feet tall.
Prinz Heinrich (Anemone hupehensis)
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This variety looks great in containers and vases, and its deep rose-pink color stands out among the other flowers in the garden. Its hue is further complemented by its dark-green, elegant foliage, and it gets up to an exquisite 28 inches in height. It also naturalizes and makes a great specimen plant.
Robustissima (Anemone tomentosa)
A rather unique flower, this plant has soft-pink petals with a white trim and yellow center, and it blooms from late-Summer through the Fall. It looks beautiful in vases and containers, and rabbits and deer stay away from it. It is also salt-resistant. Take note: Anemone tomentosa should never be ingested by humans or animals.
Rosenschale (Anemone x hybrida)
With large, semi-double petals that are cupped and soft-pink on the inside with a darker pink on the underside, this flower looks stunning in coastal or cottage gardens, as well as containers and vases. It grows up to 2 feet tall and 2 feet in width, and it blooms from late-Summer through the Fall, so you can enjoy its look for a very long time.
Scarlet Windflower (tuberous)
Like its name suggests, this flower has petals that are deep-red and have dark centers as a contrast. They can also come in pink or rust, and they typically get up to 12 inches in height.
September Charm (Anemone x hybrida)
The September Charm has petals that are slightly cupped and a silver-pink in color, including a darker pink on the backside. It also has striking yellow centers on blooms that open from late-Summer through the Fall. The winner of several international flower awards, this flower looks beautiful in vases and containers, and it easily naturalizes to form clumps.
Serenade (Anemone x hybrida)
Getting up to an impressive 40 inches in height, the flower has stunning dark-green foliage and rosy-pink flowers with bright-yellow centers. It looks beautiful when planted with other perennial plants, and it is salt- and deer-resistant. Growing best in moist soil and full sun, the Serenade looks outstanding in containers and vases.
Snowdrop Anemone (non-tuberous)
These flowers are native to Europe and are white with bright-yellow centers. They smell sweet, which is unusual for this type of flower. Their blooms are large and get up to 3 inches across, and they can be double-petaled or even larger.
Splendens (Anemone hupehensis var Japonica)
With dark, wiry stems, this flower has petals of beautiful deep-pink that offset centers of yellow and black, and it is both low-maintenance and easy to grow. Better when planted in moist soils and kept in the sun, this is one flower that is truly eye-catching, thanks to the contrasting colors it offers and the fact that it can grow as high as 32 inches.
The Bride (Anemone coronaria)
This flower has broad white petals and a cheery yellow center, and it blooms in late-Spring and early-Summer. It needs well-drained soil and full sun to thrive, but in general it is easy to grow and low-maintenance. A dramatic flower, The Bride brings cheerfulness to gardens of all sizes and types.
Whirlwind (Anemone x hybrida)
With semi-double blooms that get up to 4 inches in width, this flower has beautiful white petals and yellow centers, not to mention vine-like, dark-green foliage. It is resistant to most pests and diseases, but if you live in a place that gets cool in the Winter, adding mulch to the soil is highly recommended.
White Splendor (Anemone blanda)
This flower has beautiful white petals and bright-yellow centers on stems that grow about 6 inches tall. They do best in zones 4-8, and they look spectacular when planted around shrubs and woody trees. After flowering, the plant becomes dormant, and it is also resistant to rabbits and deer.
The Wild Swan has pure-white petals that span up to 4 inches wide and have blue bands on the undersides. It blooms from late-Spring to the first frost, and it looks beautiful in vases or containers. It is also salt-tolerant, has won numerous international flower awards, and it is a low-maintenance flower, to boot.
Wood Anemone (non-tuberous)
Native to Europe, these anemones are stunning and have star-shaped petals that usually come in colors such as white, pale-pink, or blue. They grow to 12 inches high and have tiny petals that bloom in the Spring, which are complemented by beautiful, deeply lobed leaves.
Facts about Anemone Flowers
- Over 100 species of anemone flowers have been identified throughout the world. The anemone is a perennial plant that grows from tubers but once they flower, they are technically in the category of herbs. The anemone flower can be blue, deep-red, white, and yellow.
- The main characteristic of the anemone flower is its showiness, because this is one flower you will always notice in the garden, regardless of what is surrounding it. It has no scent and no nectar, so the bees ignore it, which means it has to rely on other insects for pollination. Its buttercup-like blooms open up when it’s sunny and bright outside but turn facing the earth when it’s dark or nighttime. They do this to keep rain from dripping on the heads, which can have undeveloped seed pods inside them.
- The anemone is also called the windflower. In fact, the Greek word anemos stands for wind, which is why this is so. Of course, the flower doesn’t enjoy a romantic or reputable name in all parts of the world; in China, for example, the name is translated to mean flower of death, while in Egypt they compare the flower to illness or sickness. In Rome, however, the anemone flowers were often placed in talismans as a method of relieving and preventing fevers, so they do enjoy some celebrity and good will.
- When it comes to medicinal purposes, the anemone flower can either heal or hurt. One of its varieties, the anemone nemorosa, is highly poisonous and should be avoided by both humans and animals. On the other hand, the anemone pulsatilla can be placed in a tincture and used for pain, most notably menstrual cramps. When you use it for this purpose, you can use the entire plant, including the petals, stems, and leaves.
- The anemone is also known as the crowfoot or smell fox, and for many people it is one of the first signs that Spring has arrived. Its star-shaped flowers grow profusely and can produce a beautiful blanket of blooms, giving any garden a lusher and more stunning look.
- Although anemones can grow to different heights and in different colors, they all have certain things in common, such as they are:
- Able to grow strong in zones 4-8
- Able to grow in soil that is chalky, sandy, loamy, or filled with clay
- Best grown in full sun or partial shade
- Tolerant of deer, pests, rabbits, wet soil, and diseases
- Attractive to butterflies
- Stunning in cottage gardens, country gardens, vases, containers, and as borders
- Harmful if ingested or even touched, although this doesn’t apply to all varieties
- Able to grow up to 4 feet high and 3 feet in width
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Popular species of Anemones and their common names are as follows:
- Anemone blanda – Blue Anemone
- Anemone coronaria – Poppy Anemone
- Anemone hupehensis – Chinese Anemone
- Anemone hupehensis var. japonica – Japanese Anemone
- Anemone narcissiflora – Narcissus Anemone
- Anemone nemorosa – Wood Anemone
- Anemone ranunculoides – Yellow Woodland Anemone/buttercup anemone
- Anemone sylvestris – Snowdrop Windflower
- Anemone canadensis – Canada Anemone
- Anemone fulgens – Scarlet Windflower
- Anemone pulsatilla – Pasque Flower
- Anemone apennina – Apennine Windflower
Different Anemones have different growing requirements. Most Anemones should be planted in the fall. If the planted Anemone is tuberous, separate the tubers in summer, when the plant is dormant. If rhizomatous, separate the rhizomes in spring. If the Anemone has fibrous roots, divide the plant in early spring or autumn but keep the plant in the pot for a year until established.
- Windflowers should be grown in very well-drained, moderately fertile soil in a lightly shaded or sunny location.
- Plant the tubers in the fall or spring, unless you live north of their adapted zones; in this case, plant in the spring.
- Before planting, soak the tubers for a few hours or overnight; if you soak them overnight, you will be able to see the slightly swollen areas from which shoots will grow.
- Plant the tubers 3 to 4 inches deep and 4 to 6 inches apart.
- If not sure which end is up, lay them on their sides.
Anemone Plant Care
- Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system.
- For a neat appearance, remove old foliage before new leaves emerge.
- Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years in early spring.
- Cut right back to the ground in late Autumn. They will shoot away again in Spring.
Also known as windflower, anemones are grown for their beautiful, nodding blooms on long, wiry stems. The foliage looks similar between varieties, but size and bloom times vary between spring, summer, or fall. Fall-blooming Japanese anemones are particularly noteworthy because they fill the midsummer-to-fall gap in gardens.
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Anemones’ timeless grace enhances any garden. Depending on species, anemones can be some of the earliest perennials up. Those spring plants typically cover woodland floors with delicate, nodding blooms in soft shades—often white, rarely tinged pink or purple. The showstoppers are fall-blooming anemones. These larger plants come in many shades of whites and pinks with petals ranging from single rows to double. Their larger foliage acts as a sharp contrast to the dainty blooms, but looks nice just the same.
See white flower garden ideas.
See more spring-blooming flowers for woodland gardens.
Anemone Care Must-Knows
Perennial anemones are easy to grow, and once established can create large colonies of plants for grand displays. Anemones spread by underground rhizomes that multiply readily; in some cases they can be almost aggressive spreaders. Luckily, shallow roots make them easy to dig up.
For best results, plant anemones in well-drained soils rich in organic matter. The extra organic matter keeps a consistent moisture in soil. Many spring-blooming anemones are ephemeral, meaning the foliage will die back in summer and plants will go dormant. This can happen quickly if the soil is allowed to dry too much or too often. Keeping the soil evenly moist is also important for fall bloomers because the foliage can dry up and leaf edges brown and crisp especially in warm Southern climates.
Planting anemones in part sun protects foliage from drying out too much, but don’t plant fall-blooming varieties in too much shade otherwise plants become leggy and flop. More shade than necessary also reduces the number of flowers. (And no one wants that.)
Anemones don’t require much maintenance to put on a spectacular display of blooms. While not necessary, you can divide anemones in spring as plants emerge. In shadier plantings, keep an eye out for powdery mildew, which can be a mild nuisance.
Garden Plans For Anemone
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More Varieties for Anemone
Anemone nemorosa ‘Bracteata Pleniflora’ is showier than the wild type because its flowers have extra petals. Like the wild form, it grows less than 1 foot tall. Zones 4-8
‘Honorine Jobert’ anemone
Anemone x hybrida ‘Honorine Jobert’ is 3-4 feet tall and covered with 2-inch-wide pure-white single blooms. It spreads less rapidly than other varieties.
‘Queen Charlotte’ anemone
Anemone x hybrida ‘Queen Charlotte’ offers wonderful, semidouble pale mauve flowers on 3-foot-tall plants. Zones 4-8
‘September Charm’ Japanese anemone
Anemone hupehensis ‘September Charm’ is a Japanese type with single pink flowers in late summer and early fall. Zones 4-8
Anemone sylvestris is a spring bloomer that may repeat in fall. The fragrant white flowers emerge from 18-inch-tall upright stems. It tolerates full shade, spreads by rhizomes, and can become invasive in loamy soils. Zones 4-9
Anemone nemorosa is an early-spring bloomer with 1-inch white blooms. Plants go dormant in summer but carpet large areas of woodland in spring. Zones 4-8
Anemone x hybrida ‘Whirlwind’ is one of the largest hybrid anemones. It grows 3-5 feet tall and has large, semidouble white blooms. Zones 4-8
Plant Anemone With:
This native perennial gets its name from the shape of its unusual flowers, which resemble the heads of snapping turtles. It’s a good choice for heavy, wet soils and spreads to form dense colonies of upright stems bearing pink, rose, or white flowers from late summer into fall. It grows best in some shade, but tolerates full sun with adequate moisture.
Culver’s root is imposing and elegant, with vertical spires of whitish blue flowers against dark foliage. Planted in full sun in humus-rich soil that remains moist, they may reach a whopping 7 feet tall; where the soil is drier, they stay a little more compact.
These diminutive wildflowers set bowl-shaped white, lavender, purple, or pink blooms. They get their name from the evergreen three-part leaves shaped somewhat reminiscent of the human liver—pointed or rounded on their ends and often with a deep purple cast. In the wild, the plants grow in deep leaf litter in deciduous woodlands. Liverleaf is excellent in shady rock gardens or woodlands where the soil is rich with humus.
How To Grow Anemones
- Depending on where you live and what kind of set up you’re working with, you can plant your anemones in either the fall or late winter-early spring. While spring planted corms won’t be quite as prolific as fall-planted ones, a nice harvest can still be had. In areas with mild winter temps (zone 6 and above) anemones can be planted in the fall and successfully overwintered outdoors with minimal protection such as a low tunnel or frost cloth. In colder areas, where temps dip well below freezing for extended periods of time, you can start them indoors—in a hoophouse or low tunnel, or in trays to plant out later—at the very end of winter. Plants can be moved outside once the threat of deep freezing has passed—this is usually about a month before your last spring frost.
- When you unpack your anemone corms you’ll notice they resemble shriveled brown acorns, and are probably not what you were expecting. Don’t worry, these strange little critters will actually produce an abundance of striking blooms!
- Before planting, soak corms for 3-4 hours in room temperature water, leaving the water running just slightly during the process to help provide extra oxygen. As the corms soak, they will plump up, often doubling in size.
- After soaking, corms can either be planted directly into the ground, or be presprouted. Presprouting the corms before planting will give plants a jump start and you’ll have flowers a few weeks earlier than non-presprouted ones. To presprout, fill a flat-bottom seed tray halfway full of moist potting soil. Sprinkle the soaked corms into the soil and cover them with more soil so that they are completely covered. Leave this tray in a cool place (40-50° F or 4-10° C), where rodents can’t find it for 10-14 days. Check on them every few days and make sure the soil is moist but not soggy and remove any that show signs of rot or mold.
- During this time, corms will swell to twice their original size and develop little rootlets. Once these roots are about 1/8- 1/2″ (0.3-1 cm) (pull them up to check), plant them in the ground 2-3″ (5-7.5 cm).
- Before planting it’s important to prepare the growing beds. We add a generous dose of compost (2-3″ or 5-7.5 cm) and balanced organic fertilizer (Nature’s Intent 7-3-4) and mix it thoroughly into the soil. Corms are planted 6″ (15 cm)apart, with 5 rows per bed.
- During cold stretches, when temps dip below freezing, cover the plants with a layer of frost cloth.
- Anemones normally starts to flower about three months after planting. Fall planted corms bloom in early spring and continue steadily for eight to ten weeks. Late winter planted corms will flower by mid spring and continue for about six weeks.
- The vase life on anemones is fantastic, often reaching 10 days. Harvest as soon as flowers open and add preservative to the water to ensure that the petals stay brilliantly colored to the end.
Anemone: planting, care and cultivation of the flower
Written by Joan Clark Feb 24th, 2019 Posted in Garden
The word “anemone” is translated from Greek as “daughter of the wind” because anemone flowers tremble from the slightest gust of the wind. The flower is part of Ranunculaceae family (aka buttercup) and is a perennial herbaceous plant. It can be found in temperate climates of flatlands and hilly regions of both hemispheres. Anemone plant has over 160 species blooming in different seasons and very diversely in colors and types, which may confuse even an experienced gardener. This article will tell you all about growing anemones.
Anemone cultivation and its peculiarities
In the abundance of anemones there are some that need little to no care at all and some that demand special care. This difference roots in the fact that some flowers have rhizomes while others have tubers. Rhizome anemones are easily cultivated but mistakes in caring for tuberous anemones may lead to serious consequences.
There are a few features you need to take into account if you want to grow anemones.
- First of all these flowers demand compulsory watering in dry hot weather.
- Secondly, autumn top-dressing has to be done with compound chemical fertilizers, but before planting and during growing and blooming of the plant soil needs to be organically fertilized.
- Thirdly, protect your anemones from cold in winter by covering them with dry leaves.
- Lastly, anemone reproduction is best by means of root sprouts in spring or seeds planted closer to the winter. All these peculiarities will be addressed later in the article.
Due to the fact that anemone flowers are widely represented both in culture and nature and various species demand different care, let’s introduce a few of the most widespread representatives of anemone genus.
Anemone species and caring features. There are two groups of anemones differentiating in the time of its flowering. Spring-flowering species are delicate and have a wide gamma of pastel shades: snow-white, creamy, pink, light-blue, lilac etc. There are even some polypetalous flowers. Spring-flowering anemones are ephemeroids, meaning their flowering cycle is short: waking up in April they all mutually bloom in May and go to back sleep in July even though some of the species stay leaved till fall. This group also differs in bulbs types. For example, Anemone ranunculoides (aka yellow wood anemome) and Anemone nemorosa (aka thimbleweed) have articulate rhizomes while Anemone blanda has tuberous bulbs, which spreads slower.
is a miniature plant, only 5-10 cm (6 in) tall. The most popular sorts are Blue Shades (blue), Charmer (pink), White Splendour (white).
is more popular in Europe, its bush height is 20-30 cm (8-12 in) and the blossom is 2-4 cm (1-2 in) wide with usually white colored flowers, though there are some blue, lilac and pink sorts cultivated, including even some polypetalous types. Its main advantage is unpretentiousness.
is similar in features, has bushes of 20-25 cm (8-10 in) high and flowers of bright yellow color and a bit smaller size than Anemone nemorosa. It may grow practically in any kind of soil.
Summer and autumn-flowering anemones are represented with Anemone japonica (aka as Japanese anemone), Anemone x hybrida and Anemone coronaria also called poppy anemone. Generally, these are large perennials, which strong root system is well branched. They bloom from the end of summer and until the middle of autumn.
blossoms twice a year, in the beginning of summer and in the fall. Fall plants have strong flower spikes of height up to 1.5 m (60 in) and a few dozens of simple or polypetalous flowers of various shades. The most popular sorts are Anemone De Caen with simple single flowers of different colors, dark blue Mister Fokker and polypetalous flowered Don Juan and Lord Jim of bright red and light blue colors respectively.
has also a few popular sorts, such as Honorine Jobert (flowers are white and slightly pink from underneath), polypetalous dark-purple Anemone Profusion, and Queen Charlottе with juicy pink coloring. Anemone japonica is usually represented in culture with Pamina (large dark pink, almost burgundy polypetalous blossoms), Hadspen Abundance (high anemone with creamy flowers and Prinz Heinrich (half- polypetalous bright pink blossoms).
Preparation for planting anemone
Soil preparation для анемоны
Before anemone planting you need to choose a place and prepare the soil. The plot has to be spacious, shaded and protected from drafts. Anemone bulbs grow vastly during the season but are very delicate and may break easily from a simple touch, which should also be considered. Besides, anemones badly tolerate extreme heat or drafts. Best place for planting should have friable, drained and fertile soil such as clay loam or leaved soil with peat. In order to create ideal conditions add some sand to the soil, and to lower harmful for anemones excessive acidity add a bit of dolomite flour or wood ash.
Seed preparation анемоны
If you decided to grow anemones with help of seeds you need to know that it has a low germination rate with less than a quarter of freshly collected seeds sprouting. But if you affect the seed with stratification – a method of keeping seeds in cold for a 1-2 months, you may increase germination. In order to do that you will need to mix the seeds with coarse sand or peat the ratio of 1 to 3, moisten it and spray some water on it daily to keep its humidity. As soon as seeds get swelled, add some substratum, mix and water it and leave it in a ventilated room with 5ºС (41ºF). When the sprouts hatch in a few days you should to put them outside into the snow or soil and cover with sawdust or straw. In early spring the seeds get transplanted into boxes for germination. To rid yourself of all this trouble you may plant the seeds into boxes with friable soil in the fall and put those boxes into the ground in your garden, covering them with branches. During the winter they will undergo natural freezing so you could dig them up and plant them in spring.
Bulbs preparation анемоны
Before planting, anemone bulbs should be awaken by putting them in warm water for a few hours for swelling purposes and then planting them in pots with a mixture of moist peat and sand for germination, 5 cm (2-3 in) deep. Moisten the soil in pots moderately but regularly. Some gardeners recommend “soaking” anemone bulbs by wrapping them in cloth, well moistened with a solution of Alpin and keeping them for about six hours in a plastic bag. After that anemones can be directly planted in the ground.
Anemone bulbs planting
There no particular difficulties with planting anemones: all you need to do is determine the point of growth. Pretreated swollen bulbs should have visible bud hills so it’s clear how to plant it. But if you have some doubts, remember that anemone bulbs have flat upper side, therefore you need to seed it with sharp end downwards. If the form of the bulb bothers you, plant it sideways. The hole for anemone should be 30-40 cm (12-15 in) wide and 15 cm (6 in deep). Don’t forget to put some humus and ash on the bottom, then put the bulb in and cover it with soil, trample it slightly. Water the anemone plant plot sufficiently.
Anemone seeds planting
By the time of planting anemones must have at least two leaves. Seedlings are planted in the ground in a slightly shaded place in the second year of growth. If you plant in autumn, you should cover the plot with leaves or branches to save it from the frosts. Remember: anemones plants raised from seeds may blossom only in three years period!
As for timing of anemone bulbs or seeds planting, you may reach the desired effect of blossoming from April till November non-stop if you buy different sorts of anemones and plant them in periods, optimum for each of them.
Anemone care is quite easy and not burdensome. Main problem is to keep humidity at an appropriate level during the whole cycle of vegetation. The danger is that if overwetting the root system occurs, the plants can die from rotting, and lack of humidity, especially during the formation of buds, is not conducive for growth and flowering of anemones. To balance out humidity level you need to plant it on a hill with well drainaged plot. After planting it is highly desirable to mulch the site with 5 cm (2 in) layer of fruit trees foliage or turf. As for anemone watering, it’s sufficient to wet the soil once a week in spring; if the summer is moderate, anemone does not need additional watering, unless it’s Anemone coronaria during blossoming. During hot dry summer, water the plants every morning and after sunset.
Feeding of anemones is desirable in the time of flowering with liquid organics (with the exception of fresh manure) and in autumn with compound chemical fertilizers. But if you fertilized the plot before planting, there’s no need for additional feeding whatsoever. Soil loosening and weeding are recommended, but weed it out with your hands only, because you can harm the roots with instruments.
Anemones are resistant to diseases but slugs and snails can damage them. Gather them by hand and use metaldehyde solution to eliminate those threats. Some anemones suffer from turnip moth larvae or foliar nematode. If the plants are contaminated with nematode, it’s better to destroy them completely and change the soil where they had grown.
Anemone reproduction can be achieved through seeds, bulbs, division of the bush or rhizome. We have described the bulbs and unpromising seeds reproduction before. During the division of the rhizomes they get undug in spring, cut in pieces 5 cm (2 in) long with an obligatory bud on each piece, and are planted horizontally into loose soil to a 5 cm (2 in) depth. Such a plant will reach its maturity in three years. Transplantation with division of the bush can be performed only with four or five year old plants.
Anemone after flowering
In the middle zone climate with autumn onset anemones should be extracted from the ground and prepared for winter storage: the bulbs should be dried, tops of the plant cut and the plant kept in cool and dark place such as dry basement. It’s better to put the bulbs in sand or peat.
If you decided to keep anemones in the ground in hopes of a warm winter you’d better cover the plot with fallen leaves or branches in order to keep it from a probable sudden frost.
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Anemone Planting Guide
Love the look of anemones? (Really, who doesn’t?) Great for edgings and cut flowers, these fluttery sweeties are easy, dependable late spring to summer bloomers. Just choose the right type of anemone for your region and you’re all set.
Choosing Anemones for Your Part of the Country
You’ll find two types of anemones on this site: the blanda or windflowers, and coronaria or poppy anemones.
The blanda type is ideal for cooler regions of the country, can easily handle the frigid winters of zone 4 and are planted in the fall (z4-8) to early winter (z7b-8) so they have time to root in before spring.
Coronaria anemones are well suited to areas with cool springs and warmer winters; the Northwest is ideal. These anemones can be planted where the soil doesn’t freeze, in zones 8-10 (7 with protection). Coronaria anemenies do not perform well in regions where spring and summer temperatures are high or in regions with lots of humidity.
Sadly, neither type of anemone tends to thrive in the deep South.
Choosing a Growing Site
Choose a site with full sun to partial shade for your anemones. Windflowers are happy in sun or partial shade. Poppy anemone flower best in full sun.
Soil Prep for Anemones
Look for a site where the soil drains well. Anemones grow well in average garden soil, and as with most bulbs, very good drainage is important to help avoid bulb rot. Note: we do not recommend amending the soil with bone meal as it encourages pets and pests to dig up the freshly planted bulbs.
When to Plant Anemones
Wind flowers/blanda anemones are planted in the fall to early winter, depending on growing zone. Coronaria anemones can be planted in the spring or fall.
Spring purchased anemones are for planting in the spring and anemone bulbs purchased in the fall should be planted in the fall. Holding anemone bulbs from one season to the next often reduces performance and is not recommended.
For spring planted anemones, wait until any risk of frost has past before putting in the ground. Allow the soil temperature to reach 55 degrees and avoid planting in soil that is still wet from winter. Cold, wet soil encourages bulb rot. For fall plantings, any time after the soil has cooled from summer’s heat is fine.
How to Plant Anemone Bulbs
Soaking: Start by soaking your bulbs for about 3 hours to soften the tough outer skins and rehydrate the bulbs. Put some room temperature water in a bowl in the sink, add the bulbs and let the faucet run just a little bit to add oxygen to the water. This increases the sprouting ratio dramatically.
Pre-Sprouting: Although not required, pre-sprouting is recommended as it improves the “take rate” significantly. To presprout, plant soaked (see above) bulbs in a seed tray that has 1.5″ of very slightly damp seed starting soil in place. Tuck the bulbs into the soil about an inch apart. Cover with another inch of lightly damp soil. Place the tray in a cool spot; 50 to 60 degrees is perfect. No light is needed as the bulbs are under the soil at this stage. Give the bulbs 10 days to wake up and sprout roots. Then plant outdoors where they will grow for the season.
Loosen the soil to 4” deep and add a handful or two of compost to the soil you removed. Place a bit of the amended soil back into the holes and plant your anemone bulbs 2 to 3 inches below the soil line. Sometimes it’s hard to tell which end is which on these bulbs, so just plant them on their sides and they’ll right themselves. Refill the hole with soil, pat to eliminate air pockets and water well to settle the soil around the bulb.
Space the bulbs 5 to 6 inches apart. Lightly moist soil is needed to avoid having the bulbs or new growth succumb to rot. Do not overwater.
During the Growing Season
Anemone plants need about 1” of water a week from rain, irrigation or a combination of the two.
At Season’s End
After flowering, your anemone foliage will photosynthesize and create food for next year’s show. Don’t snip it off; let it do its work. Afer blooming, the bulbs will go dormant and the foliage will yellow. Feel free to remove the spent leaves at this point. Anemones don’t need, nor benefit from, any extra moisture after blooming. When fall temperatures cool, the bulbs will develop new roots and will wait for spring rains and warmth to prompt the next cycle of growth and blooms. Bulbs left outside in zones 8-10 will resprout in the spring.
- Plant 5 to 6 inches apart.
- Windflowers are excellent for planting in perennial beds to bridge the bloom window between spring bulbs and early summer perennials. These plants also do well in dappled shade, like that found under limbed up deciduous trees.
- Both types of anemones here have pretty, lacy foliage.
- Poppy anemones look great in a vase for up to 10 days. Snip when the flowers are mostly open and add floral preservative to the vase water to ensure that petal color is retained. These continue to grow an extra couple of inches as the flower open, so keep that in mind as you create bouquets and floral arangements.
- Too little sun and/or excessive heat may results in limited flower production or malformed flowers for poppy anemones.
- Poppy anemones grown for cutting also thrive in cool greenhouses and hoop houses, with temperatures in the 55-60 degree range.
- Windflowers will form spreading colonies when planted in favorable sites. Poppy anemonies do not tend to spread and tend to be fairly short-lived perennials.
If you’re known to gravitate towards showy blooms and pretty petals at the nursery, then you need to get to know the Anemone family! This family produces eye-catching pink and white flowers, and they’re easy enough to take care of; making them a great choice for beginner gardeners. The Anemones are perennials, just like Rozanne® and the rest of her friends.
Meet Rozanne’s Friends
- The Yarrow Family
- The Mum Family
- The Hibiscus Family
- The Tickseed Family
- The Anemone Family
Also, don’t forget about Rozanne’s most popular buds and her most popular buds and good acquaintances. All of Rozanne’s friends and family are great gardening go-tos if you enjoy Geranium Rozanne! Let’s take a bit more time to get to know the Anemones, though—these stunners need their moment in the spotlight.
When is the Anemone Blooming Season?
How is your summer garden looking? What about your fall garden? Do you notice patches within your landscape that could use some love? Anemones just might be the answer to your early-autumn problems. These wiry and beautiful blooms show off delicately in the late summer and fall, making them a garden favorite. Anemones will add mid-season colour to your garden when summer flowers say goodbye and fall flowers wait to bloom.
Just as any other plant, though, the Anemone blooming season will depend on your garden zone. Extremely cool or hot temperatures may change your Anemone’s ability to thrive. If you live in the USA, find your garden zone here. Those living in the UK can find their respective hardiness zones here.
What are the Anemone Varieties?
Luckily for you, Rozanne and Friends offers an array of colors to choose from; giving you the option to create a gradient like hue in your garden. Each of these “pretty ladies” is either a shade of pink or white, so you can’t go wrong getting a bundle of all five! There’s a reason these flowers bear such a complimentary name–the Anemones are sure to make you fall in love.
Check out each of the varieties below, and don’t forget to ask about them at your local garden center! Find our list here of nursery, garden centers and suppliers here.
- Pretty Lady Diana
- Pretty Lady Emily
- Pretty Lady Maria
- Pretty Lady Julia
- Pretty Lady Susan
We know the Anemones are just as lovely as you’d hope. Make sure to give these late-summer stunners a chance in your garden. If you liked this article and want more gardening help, join Rozanne’s Inner Circle.