How to keep roses?


When you receive a gift of roses, you will likely be eager to keep this present fresh for as long as you possibly can. While nothing can make your cut roses live eternally, there are things you can do to prolong their life and increase the length of time that you have to enjoy them. By trying out these simple things, you can give yourself more time to bask in the glory of your gift and reflect upon the kindness of the individual who so graciously sent the beautiful blooms.

Step 1

Clean your vase. If this isn’t the first time you’ve used the vase, make sure it is free of the dirt that may come from prior use. If flower debris remains in the vase, it could contaminate your water and shorten the life of your flowers. Visually inspect the vase, and wash it in warm soapy water, rinsing it well before use.

Step 2

Fill the vase with lukewarm water. Temperature matters when dunking your floral stems. Prepare a lukewarm bath for your fresh-cut roses as opposed to a hot or cold one, since this water temperature ensures that you don’t shock the delicate blooms.

Step 3

Dissolve the packet of food that comes with your flowers into your water, or use another flower food intended for use with cut flowers in general or cut roses in particular.

Step 4

Cut the stems. Using a sharp knife or shears, cut the stems at a 45-degree angle. If you use dull cutting implements, you risk crushing the delicate stems and making it harder for the flowers to drink up the water they require for survival.

Step 5

Refrigerate the flowers when away. Just as florists put flowers in a refrigerated space before selling them, you can store your roses in a chilled location — your fridge — to extend their life. While you likely don’t want to constantly be putting these flower into, and taking them out of, the fridge, if you plan to be away for longer than a day or so, place them in the fridge before leaving.

Step 6

Change out the water regularly. Roses resting in stale water will wilt rapidly. To ensure that your water remains conducive to promoting rose longevity, swap it out every day or so, replacing it with fresh water.

Step 7

Remove wilting buds or leaves. Instead of allowing a few wilted flower parts to mar an otherwise beautiful bouquet, pull them off. By doing so, you prevent them from dropping into the water and starting to rot, which could reduce your bouquet life.

Fresh Flower Care Tips

So, you just had flowers delivered to you, now what?

  • Keep fresh flowers away from drafts and extreme temperatures, which can quickly dry out the flowers and cause wilting.
  • If your flowers came in plastic, remove this as soon as possible.
  • Do not place your arrangement near fruit or in the path of cigarette smoke. The ethylene gas is detrimental to many flower types.
  • Avoid placing flower arrangements in windowsills and other areas with full sun where flowers can wilt due to overheating.
  • Most flowers will last longer under cool conditions.

How To Keep Your Flowers Looking Fresh

  • Keep your vase filled with water! All flower and foliage stems should be submerged. Flowers stay fresher, longer when they can get a drink!
  • If your flowers came in a basket or other container with foam, add fresh water every day.
  • Immediately remove dead or wilting leaves and stems from fresh flower arrangements.
  • Watch your water. When it gets cloudy it’s time to change it out.

Changing The Water In Your Flower Arrangement

  • First remove any dead or dying flowers from the arrangement.
  • After carefully removing the good flowers, clean the vase thoroughly with soapy water to remove any bacteria that could cause the fresh flowers to deteriorate even quicker. Be sure to rinse thoroughly.
  • Replace the water and mix in the flower preservative provided by your florist, according to the instructions on the packet.
  • For best results, cut stems with a sharp knife at an angle about one to two inches from the bottom. This allows them to better absorb water. Do not use scissors to cut your flowers because they can crush the stems and prevent water absorption.
  • Place loose stems or wrapped bouquets of fresh flowers in your water mixture as soon as possible.


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Do you love fresh floral arrangements, but end up with a smelly, wilted mess after a few days?

In my house, it’s kind of like the shoemaker’s kids having no shoes. Occasionally, I get behind in my watering… and that’s not good for a floral designer and garden writer.

My houseplants bounce back, but cut flowers? Never! They need daily care, which is why I’ve put together the following tips.

7 Tips for Fabulous, Long-Lasting Cut Flowers

The next time you receive a beautiful bouquet or arrangement, try to diligently use the following tips. When tended with care, vases sparkle, smell sweet, and remain first-day fresh for a good five days. And, best of all, only you know the subtle changes they have undergone to keep them that way!

Here they are:

1. Hydration is Essential

While this seems obvious, I’m ashamed to have to admit that I’ve had a vase or two dry up from neglect. If you just don’t have time for the whole regimen, at least top up your arrangements before you head out for the day.

And, keep two things in mind when you buy fresh bunches to bring home:

  • Pick them up after you finish the rest of your shopping, to minimize their time out of water. Give them a shake, and reject those that drop petals.
  • Bring pruners, and a bucket with about four inches of water in the bottom, along with you in the car. Hold the flower stems under water, and snip 1/2 inch off each, on a 45° angle. Throw the cuttings away, place your flowers in the bucket, and bring them home.

2. Clean Stems Equal Clean Water

No matter what size, color, or type of arrangement you have, keeping the liquid that they’re going to be living in clean is a must.

Stems with lower leaves removed do not foul the water.

Good florists trim the bottom leaves off stems, so that they do not end up beneath the surface of the water, where they would decay, discolor the clear liquid. and smell. Be sure to do the same if you fill a vase with a market bouquet or an arrangement of foliage from your garden.

3. Mind the Temperature

For the most part, a cut floral arrangement thrives best in a cool location in your home. So, keep your lovelies away from direct sunlight, heating sources, and the stove.

Did you know that some plants are phototropic?

This means that they turn their heads to follow the sun.

Tulips are a great example. And what’s even more amazing is that tulips continue to grow after they’ve been cut. They twist and stretch with minds of their own!

To counteract their wanderlust, rotate their container every day.

The exception to the overarching rule to keep it cool is blossoms that have not yet opened.

When I have roses or lilies with tight buds, I place them in a warm location until they open, and then transfer them to a cool one. If they are in a mixed arrangement, I put them in their own vase in a warm place until they start to open, then return them to their original container.

Next, 4 and 5 go together. Trimming and changing the water are crucial for hydration and inhibiting bacteria that accelerate decay.

4. Trim Daily

Cut foliage holds up well when the stems get a fresh cut every day.

For vase arrangements, simply lift out the entire bouquet, and hold the stem ends under running tap water. Using a sharp pair of pruners, snip off 1/2 inch from the bottom of each stem. Hold your shears at a 45° angle to maximize the surface area for the stem to draw liquid.

An intricate container arrangement such as this is best refreshed with a daily change of water and the removal of decaying material.

Intricate container arrangements in florist’s foam are best left intact. You may be able to refresh simpler ones by carefully removing individual stems, trimming as above, and gently pushing each stem back into the foam brick.

5. Change H2O Completely Every Day

Vases should be rinsed with mild detergent and water, taking care to wipe away any residue that may harbor bacteria.

If you have a packet of flower food, pour it into the vase and add enough tap water to dissolve it. Return your trimmed bouquet to the clean vase. Add water to a height just beneath the first leaves.

For a container with florist’s foam, carefully tip it to pour out the old water. If the inside is accessible, wipe around it with a moist paper towel. Use a watering can to dissolve a packet of flower food in tap water, and add this to the container until the florist’s foam is thoroughly saturated.

Chrysal Flower Food, 100 Packets

Do you decorate your house with flowers from the garden, or pick up the occasional bouquet from the farmers market? If your source doesn’t provide them (or if you need more!), packets of Chrysal flower food are available on Amazon.

Though the contents of these packets seem to be somewhat of an industry secret, they typically contain a combination of citric acid, sucrose, and powdered bleach.

6. Deadhead and Remove Decaying Material

Different varieties of cut foliage age at different rates. Watch for signs of deterioration, and address them during your daily trim and water change.

The daisies in this wildflower arrangement have begun to decline, and require deadheading or removal.

Deadhead blossoms that are dropping petals, and snip off leaves that are turning yellow or withering. Carefully pinch off floppy outer rose petals to reveal tighter inner folds.

If the majority of a bouquet is ready to be tossed, entire stems may be removed from a vase arrangement, and the healthy remainder transferred to a smaller vessel.

For containers with florist’s foam, the removal of entire stems may leave large gaps. Replace these with new material, like the oh-so-versatile evergreens we often take for granted in our yards. Give their stems a 45° angle cut under running tap water before insertion.

7. Spritz Container-less Foliage

Cumbersome floral and foliage pieces that are not in vases or containers also need some moisture to remain attractive. I often use a water-filled spritz bottle to moisten holiday evergreen swags, wreaths, garlands, and orchid garnishes.

Crowning Glory Flower Spray, 32 Fl. Oz.

There’s a commercial product you may find useful called Crowning Glory, and it’s available on Amazon. It not only hydrates, but retards decay. However, it is not to be used on floral material that will be placed on or near food.

Fabulous Flowers for Every Day

Try these seven tips the next time you bring a gorgeous bunch of blossoms into your home, and you can feel good about making them last.

I love when the doorbell rings, two hands hold out a stunning arrangement, and I ask, “For me?” I know you do, too.

Why not make fresh flowers a regular part of your indoor decor? It’s a gorgeous option that’s fun to explore whether you’re decorating for a holiday, or looking to add a touch of color to the dinner table.

An inexpensive way to do this is by growing them yourself. If you’re interested, check out our article, “Grow Your Own Cut Flower Garden,” for tips on getting started.

Do you have any additional tips to share? Tell us in the comments section below.

Product photos via Chrysal Flower Food and Floralife. Uncredited photos: .

About Nan Schiller

Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project!

Next week thousands of roses will be delivered throughout the world and my husband is under the assumption that because mine die within a few days it’s pointless to get them for me. I reached out to my very dear friend Chris who owns my favourite flower shop, Parsons Florist to ask her if she has any tips for keeping a bouquet of roses fresh longer. Chris can keep her roses alive for up to three weeks in a vase!!!

Here are Chris’ tips:

No matter where they come from no matter their length or colour there are a few things you can do to help them live their longest.

  1. Clean water…If you wouldnt drink the water in the vase, neither will they. Roses have tiny capillaries and they get clogged very easily. Too much preservative, bacterial growth, air pockets and debris can all clog the stems. Disinfect your vase with hot soapy water and a bit of bleach, use a good scrub brush too. Bacteria can stay dormant in a vase for up to 7 years, add water and voila, a cesspool of gunk in the stems. Use cold hard water, not soft water. The deeper the water the better. Change your water every couple of days.
  2. Cut the stems with a sharp knife or pruners on a sharp angle…NEVER USE SCISSORS! Have you ever cut a straw with scissors and the straw stays closed? thats because scissors cut by pinching and they will pinch the stems closed on a rose. The sharp angle allows the most exposure to the capillaries and more water to flow up the stem. A fresh cut of 1″ every few days will keep water flowing beautifully.
  3. Keep them away from heat sources, fruit and direct sunlight…All these things will shorten the life of the rose. Fruit gives off ethylene gas and its a killer to flowers, thats why you should never put flowers in your fridge.
  4. Wilting – If they heads start to wilt down, it because it cant get the water up the stem and its trying everything to open. It is dehydrating its own stem to open and get pollinated…lets face it, its always about pollination! When you see this happening its time to get drastic! Make a good cut at least 3″off the stem, fresh clean water again and cool location. If it wont come back cut it really short (short enough for a shot glass), put it on your bathroom counter, night stand, where ever a punch of colour will be nice. Hint *the shorter you cut the rose the longer it lives…the water has the least distance to travel…thats why the longer the stem you buy the longer it lasts…Longer stems = thicker stems=more capillaries=more opportunity to give them a fresh cut exposing fresh flesh and capillaries.
  5. Not too much flower food. You shouldnt be able to see the flower food in the bottom of your vase. It should all dissolve. So lets say you have an 8 1/2″ vase. less than 1/4 of the package of flower food is enough in that vase.

If you have any questions feel free to call your local florist or Christ at Parsons Florist. They are the experts and will be able to help you and offer any advice. Remember not to let them freeze! They wont come back from that no matter what you do.

Most of all, enjoy! Three weeks is your goal! Hope this answers some of your questions.

How To Keep Your Valentine’s Day Cut Roses Fresh Longer

Come Valentine’s Day and love is all around. What makes the day even more special is receiving a bouquet of luscious red roses from your loved one.

Roses can last for one week but with so many emotions attached to your Valentine’s day roses, wouldn’t it be good to make them last longer? The good news is, roses can last longer than a week if you properly care for them. Follow these simple tips to extend the life of your Valentine’s Day roses so that they can remain a sight for sore eyes!

How long do cut roses last?

Cut roses typically last up to one week if they’re kept in a cool place and flower food is used as directed by your florist. However, you can make them last longer than a week by following additional care tips. This will allow you to properly enjoy your bouquet! The longevity of roses will depend on how long you have them without water, the overall health of the flowers and what variety of roses you receive.

How do I keep my roses from dying or wilting?

To be given red roses on Valentine’s Day is a very romantic gesture, teeming with emotions. To make this special moment last longer, follow these easy tips to prevent your roses from dying and wilting too soon!

Begin with a clean vase

Once you receive your roses, make sure you have a vase that is completely clean to place them in. Dirty vases can harbour bacteria, which can cause cut roses to deteriorate and wilt very quickly.

A simple way to ensure a bacteria-free vase is to use rinse it with a mixture of baking soda and vinegar. This combination can effectively remove any dirt or built-up residue.

Follow these steps to clean your vase:

  1. Fill a medium-sized vase with warm water, then pour a tablespoon of baking soda. If you have a very large vase then it’s recommended that you pour more.

  2. Next, pour in a small amount of white vinegar. This combination will become fizzy, which is what removes any residue from inside the vase.

  3. Rinse with clean water and then wipe the vase clean with a soft cotton cloth. Voila!

Trim the stems of cut roses

Changing the water of cut roses every alternate day will keep them fresh longer. However, each time the vase water is changed, the stem of the rose needs to be trimmed by about an inch. It’s important to trim the stem under water at a slight angle. You can either do this in a bucket of cool water or under a running tap. This ensures the xylem capillaries don’t get blocked by microscopic air bubbles, which can impede water and nutrient uptake.

The shorter you cut the stem, the longer it will last. This is because the water has the least distance to travel to the rosebuds.

Remove the leaves off the stems

When placing your cut roses in a vase, try to have no leaves submerged in the vase water. As leaves under water start to decay, they harbour bacteria that will hasten the wilting of roses too. This is a simple trick that can cause the life of your flowers to increase considerably!

Always keep roses in a cool spot

The best place to keep your Valentine’s Day cut roses is in a cool spot of your office or home. Warm temperatures are not favoured because the flowers will overheat and dry up. It’s also a good idea to not keep roses directly under an air-conditioner.

Change the vase water regularly

The simplest way to give cut roses a longer life is by changing the vase water regularly. If that’s not possible, try to change it every other day. This will help keep the flowers and the vase, fresh and clean. Stale water in a vase creates perfect conditions for bacteria growth. This will drastically limit the life of cut flowers.

Does aspirin keep flowers fresh?

Yes, it can! Crushing an aspirin tablet into the water of the vase will help keep flowers fresher for longer. Simply place aspirin tablets on a plate and crush them by using the back of a spoon. This will form a powder that you can pour into your vase of roses. The salicylic acid in the aspirin will keep the water clean and free from bacteria.

Is it better to keep roses fresh in the fridge?

If you’re unable to gift your Valentine’s Day roses to your special someone, one of the ways you can keep them fresh for a day or so is by placing them in the fridge. This will ensure they keep cool. Here’s the correct way to store roses in the fridge:

  • Place your bouquet of roses into a vase that is filled ¾ of the way with cool water

  • Check the temperature of the fridge and make sure it’s set below 4.4 degrees Celsius

  • Remove any fruit from the fridge. This is critical because the fruit will release gases that encourage bacteria and may deteriorate the roses.

  • You can keep roses for at least 6 hours each night. This will allow enough time for the flowers to absorb the water and stay fresh longer

The big question: How long can roses remain fresh without water?

Cut rose stems can only last a couple of hours if not immediately provided with water after gifting has occurred. If you notice that petals appear limp or begin to wilt, it’s a sign that the flowers need water immediately.

Gift some love and romance this Valentine’s Day

Send a beautiful bouquet of fresh roses to your loved one and tell them how much they mean to you. Order your roses by contacting one of our friendly Fresh Flowers consultants who can plan a surprise discreetly for your special someone to give a lasting impression.

October 16, 2017

Worried your roses will wilt before the end of the week? This is how to make them last as long as possible.

1. Unwrap and recut the stems as soon as you can
Remove all the wrapping and cellophane around the roses so they can breathe, then use a pair of sharp scissors to recut the stems approximately an inch from the end at a 45 degree angle. Remove any leaves from the lower part of the stem that would sit in the water. If the florist hasn’t removed the thorns you might want to wear gardening gloves to protect yourself from cuts and scratches.

2. Make sure the vase is clean
Before you place the flowers in the vase make sure it’s completely clean. Glass vases can go in the dishwasher (check it is dishwasher safe first) but porcelain and crystal glasses should be washed in warm soapy water. Make sure you rinse the soap away properly so it doesn’t harm your flowers.

3. Place in a cool place away from heat
Place your vase away from radiators and heaters as this type of dry heat will make them wilt. Keep them out of direct sunlight too as this will also make them too hot and the light will damage the delicate petals.

4. Roses prefer warm water
Roses are summer flowers and prefer lukewarm water. Make sure the water’s not too hot though – similar to baby bath water is best.

5. Feed them flower food or sugar
Across the internet there are plenty of homemade methods to keep flowers blooming for longer but the flower food that comes with them really is the best. It provides all the nutrients they need to keep looking lush. Place the food in the warm water in the vase and stir well before adding the roses. If you think they need another feed and you don’t have any flower food try using sugar to perk them up a bit.

6. Change the water regularly
Once your roses are set up in a vase make sure you change the water regularly. Once every two to three days will ensure the water is fresh and your roses are happy! Make sure you remove any leaves or other bits of the flowers that fall into the water too.

Fresh Cut Rose Care in 7 Easy Steps

Roses, by far, are the number one selling flower in our shop. Whether you receive roses as a gift or buy them for yourself, they will either come arranged, boxed, or wrapped.

But no matter how they are presented or packaged, there are seven steps to fresh cut rose care you should follow to get the maximum vase life.

Here is a short video that shows you these fresh cut rose care steps. After you have completed the seven steps, there is only one more thing for you to do: Enjoy your roses! 🙂

I hope you liked the video and saw how easy it is to care for your roses.

Just to recap:

  1. Remove any leaves that may be under water.
  2. While holding the stems underwater in a sink or under running water, cut about one inch off each stem with a sharp knife or shears. DO NOT let the newly cut end dry off before transferring it back to your arrangement or other container.
  3. Immediately after the stems are cut, place your roses in a clean, deep vase of warm preservative solution (about 100 degrees F). If possible leave them in a cool dark room or refrigerator to ‘condition’ for 2 or 3 hours after arranging.
  4. Water to which a good floral preservative has been added is the best solution in which to arrange fresh cut roses. Using it as recommended will provide additional days of vase life. Avoid using water from a water softener.
  5. Temperature is key to the lifespan of roses. Display your fresh cut rose arrangements in a cool area out of direct sunlight and drafts.
  6. Wilted roses may be revived by placing them under water. Submerge the entire rose under water in a sink or bathtub. In 20 to 60 minutes, the rose should have absorbed enough water to replenish itself. While submerged, cut off 1 inch of the stem using a sharp knife or scissors.
  7. Roses are thirsty flowers. It is important to check to see that the vase is full and add preservative solution often. If arranged in a basket or other container, be sure floral foam materials are completely saturated and the container is full daily.

Let me welcome you to my site. My name is Greg Johnson, the owner of Greenfield Flower Shop. My chief purpose for creating this ever-growing resource is to share some of my favorite videos from a bunch of my fellow florists. That’s honestly my only objective with this website. 🙂

That being said, that’s not how it started…

So look, before anything else, I’ve got an admission I’ve gotta make. Honestly, I really put together this video website for me. You see, I’m always referring my customers to tutorials (like the fresh cut rose care presentation you just took a look at), and I honestly just wanted a place where I could send them to view my favorites.

I also believe that opportunity abounds online, which is another motivating factor in my decision to create this site. Why lie?

I don’t see anything wrong with earning a little money from sponsorships and product recommendations. I hope you don’t either.

As I’m sure you’ve gathered, I don’t pull any punches. But let me put you at ease… Sales pitches suck, they’re not my style, and making money is not my key motivator for running this blog. If something offered on my site appeals to you, that’s a bonus! If you’re simply not interested, I totally won’t hold it against you. I just appreciate your readership. 🙂

Sharing good information with like-minded people like you is just plain fun for me! 😉

And that explains the existence of FlowersFloralFlorist. It’s basically a flower lover’s home for some really cool videos. It’d be great to see you here again if that sounds good. 😉

So make this site one that you return to! I’m gonna continue sharing awesome videos about plants, flowers, and weddings… and much, much more.

Please enter your email address so that I can update you whenever a new video is added to our site. The emails you receive from me will not be promotional in nature. They’ll merely be notifications of new videos that are released. 🙂

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Your information will only be used to send you our blog updates. You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link at the bottom of any email that you receive from us. You can find details about our privacy practices here.

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And as always, your comments are very much appreciated. Let us know what you liked or didn’t like about the video. Use the comments section below.

To you,



Greg Johnson

I’m the owner of Greenfield Flower Shop in Milwaukee, with more than 40 years of experience in the floral, wedding, and event business.

If you’re using an old vase, wash it thoroughly because “whatever’s left over from your last batch of flowers has a lot of bacteria in it,” said Chris Wien, a professor emeritus of horticulture at Cornell University. Those bacteria block water flow in the flowers’ stems, causing your blooms to wilt sooner.

Right away, cut off half an inch to an inch of the stems at a diagonal, using sharp scissors or a knife. Make sure to cut “in a tub or under running water, which prevents air bubbles from getting into the stems and blocking the flow of water,” said Amy Jo Detweiler, an associate professor of horticulture at Oregon State University. Remove any leaves or florets that would sit in the water, because those will cause bacterial buildup.

A Little Tender Loving Care

Ideally, you should first put your flowers in water around 110 degrees (and your additives, of choice), and then keep the vase in a cool place for at least a couple of hours. This process, called “hardening” or “conditioning,” helps because warm water molecules move up the stems more quickly, while a cool environment minimizes water loss through the flowers’ petals and leaves.

Though you might intuitively want to place flowers by a window, direct sunlight can actually stress cut flowers more than helping them — remember, your blossoms are not really photosynthesizing anymore so they don’t need sun to make food. Normal indoor lighting works just fine.

Change the water at least once a week, recutting the stems and adding more preservative or food each time.

What Didn’t Work

In total, I kept my flowers for 10 days. Every day I randomly shuffled the flowers around, to ensure that positioning wouldn’t explain the outcomes. On Day 5, I fully replaced the water and treatments for each vase.

So how did my treatments fare? In theory, soda, vinegar and aspirin should acidify the water so it more closely resembles the sap inside plant cells, helping the flowers take up fluid more easily. Vodka is thought to inhibit the production of ethylene, a gaseous hormone that causes flowers to mature and fruits to ripen. Copper, bleach and vinegar are antibacterial, and refrigerating should slow water loss and the breakdown of tissues.

A bouquet of fresh flowers can brighten up any room, but before long, they start to wilt and die. “Taking proper care of your flowers will help them last longer,” says Kate Law, product designer for ProFlowers. But there’s no need to buy fancy preservative. Follow these steps by Law and Michael Gaffney, founder of the New York School of Flower Design, to keep your flowers living longer with common household ingredients.

Step 1: Add 1 quart warm water to a clean vase.

Step 2: Pour 2 Tbsp sugar into the water. The sugar will help nourish the flowers and promote opening of the blooms.

Step 3: Add 2 Tbsp white vinegar and stir well. The vinegar helps inhibit the growth of bacteria and keeps your flowers fresher longer. If you don’t have vinegar and/or sugar, lemon-lime soda mixed with the water will do the same thing.

Step 4: Remove all lower leaves from flowers so there won’t be any in the water.

Step 5: Cut 1 to 2 inches off the stems at an angle while they are under water.

Step 6: Arrange your flowers in the vase.

Step 7: Display your bouquet in a cool, draft-free area. Avoid direct sunlight, which causes the flowers to die more quickly.

Step 8: Change the water every other day and re-cut the stems each time.

Step 9: Enjoy your long-lasting flowers!

Other Pointers:
• Tulips grow a few inches after they are cut and will continue to grow toward the closest light source.

•Hyacinths should not be cut down off the bulb. They actually last longer if left on the bulb.

• Daffodils should not be put in a vase with other flowers. They secrete a substance that kills other flowers when in the same vase.

How to keep fresh-cut flowers alive and healthy for longer

How to make your flowers last longer with additives

Urban Stems

  • Flower food packet: The pre-mixed flower food that comes in the little packet when you buy flowers is universally agreed to be the best overall method for keeping flowers alive. It works because it’s the perfect mix of the three essential things flowers need; carbohydrates (sugars), biocides (cleansing agents) and acidifiers. These three ingredients promote cell metabolism, combat bacteria and adjust the pH of water to increase water uptake. Experts recommend adding a new packet to your vase whenever you change the water, but if you run out of packets, try this recipe for homemade flower food: 1 teaspoon sugar, 1 teaspoon bleach, 2 teaspoons lemon or lime juice mixed into 1 quart of water.
  • Refrigerator: Although you might not expect it given that we’re told to keep the flowers away from cold spots, experts and testers unanimously agree that this method will keep your buds fresher for longer, if you remember to do it every night.
  • Soda: Maybe you didn’t know your hydrangeas had a sweet tooth? Mix a ¼ cup of soda into the water and watch how your blooms stay perky with a sugary beverage, just like a kid with a can of Sprite. In fact, that’s the type of soda experts recommend, since a colored drink will turn the water cloudy.
  • Vodka: Happy hour for your flowers is officially a real thing; add a few drops of vodka to your vase water to keep those posies partying for days. What you’re actually doing here is slowing the wilting of your blooms through the alcohol’s ability to decrease ethylene production, the ripening gas that makes plants mature.
  • Aspirin: Keep your daisies from drooping by crushing an aspirin tablet and mixing it into your water. The common pain-reliever can lower the pH level in the water, which helps it travel through the stem faster to keep your flowers fresher, longer.
  • Bleach: If bleach fights bacteria on floors and countertops, it only makes sense that it will kill the nasties in your vase water too. This method may be the trickiest since too much bleach is bad for your blossoms. Experts suggest just a ¼ teaspoon of bleach for 1 liter of water and adding a bit of soda or vinegar for an acidic element which will help the water flow through your flowers.
  • Coins: The copper in coins, especially pennies, has acidic properties which also fight bacteria growing in your water and on your flowers. Just one penny on the bottom of the vase will help your tulips open up, but some testers do suggest you add a crushed aspirin to lower pH levels and increase water flow.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar and sugar (plus a little bleach): The jury’s still out on this one (sorry mom), but the idea here is that you’re mimicking the flower food, with the sugar for nutrients and the vinegar to acidify the water. The most common recipe calls for 2 tablespoons of sugar, 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and ½ teaspoon bleach for a quart vase. And if this method doesn’t work for your flowers, there are lots of other things you can do with a little ACV.

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