How to grow pomegranates?

Container Grown Pomegranate Trees – Tips On Growing A Pomegranate In A Pot

I like food that you have to work a little at to get to. Crab, artichoke and my personal favorite, pomegranate, are examples of foods that require a little extra effort on your part to get at the delectable interior. Pomegranates are not only delicious but are getting bonus points for their high levels of antioxidants, leading many to try their hands at pomegranate growing. If this includes you, let’s look at caring for pomegranate plants with an emphasis on indoor pomegranate trees in containers.

Pomegranate Growing

Pomegranates (Punica granatum) are steeped in history and have been grown for thousands of years through the Mediterranean regions of Asia, Africa and Europe. Native from Iran to the northern Himalayas, the fruit eventually traveled to Egypt, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, India, Burma and Saudi Arabia. It was introduced to the Americas in the 1500s by Spanish missionaries.

A member of the Lythraceae family, pomegranate fruit has a smooth, leathery, red to pink skin surrounding the edible arils. These arils are the edible part of the fruit and are its seeds surrounded by sweet, juicy pulp. The seeds can also be used for planting.

Pomegranate trees are grown not only for

their juicy, tempting fruit, but also make attractive ornamental specimens with orange-red blossoms prior to fruiting, set off upon glossy, deciduous green leaves. Trees usually have thorns, and are grown as a bushy shrub. That being said, pomegranates can be trained as a small tree ideal when growing a pomegranate in a pot.

How to Grow Pomegranate Trees in Containers

Pomegranates thrive in areas of warm, arid conditions. While not all of us reside in such climactic regions, the good news is that growing a pomegranate in a pot is entirely possible. Pomegranate trees in containers can either be grown indoors given sufficient arid provisions or outdoors during part of the year and moved indoors if cold snaps are imminent.

Pomegranates are self-pollinating, so you only need one to set fruit. They are relatively hardy and will bear fruit within the second year.

For outdoor or indoor pomegranate trees grown in containers, you will need around a 10-gallon container one-quarter full of potting soil. Set the root ball into the container and begin to fill in around the roots with the soil to the top of the container but not covering the trunk. Water the new tree in well and lightly tamp the soil down to eliminate any air pockets.

Caring for Pomegranate Plants

Pomegranates need full sun. Keep an eye on the weather report and if temps threaten to drop below 40 degrees F. (4 C.), move the plant indoors to a sunny window.

Water the tree deeply about once a week, possibly more often during peak summer months. Fertilize the tree with half cup of 10-10-10. Spread the fertilizer atop the soil and two inches away from the trunk. Water the food into the soil. During the first two years of the tree’s growth, feed in November, February, and May, and thereafter fertilize only in November and February.

Prune out any crossing branches or shoots to three to five per branch after the tree’s first year. Prune out any dead or damaged limbs in the late winter. Prune out suckers to create a more tree-like appearance.

Follow the above tips, and within two years, you’ll have delicious pomegranate fruit of your own that last as long as apples (up to seven months!) in cool, dry conditions.

Can I Plant A Sweet Pomegranate Tree In A Container?

Sweet Pomegranate Tree is suitable for a large container and is somewhat smaller than other varieties. It grows to about 12 feet and has orange-red flowers in late spring, producing beautiful pink fruits in the fall. The Sweet Pomegranate tree is a large fruit with light pink flesh, and the taste is sweet and juicy. This ornamental tree has glossy, leathery leaves that are narrow and lance-shaped. The ‘Sweet’ Pomegranate is self-pollinated, as well as cross-pollinated by insects. Cross-pollination with another pomegranate will increase the fruit set. It will produce fruit in 3-5 years.

Pomegranates should be placed in the sunniest, warmest part of the yard or orchard for the best fruit, although they will grow and flower in part shade on a deck or patio area. It does best in well-drained ordinary soil, but also thrives on calcareous or acidic loam. The attractive foliage, flowers and fruits of this pomegranate, as well as its smallish size, make it an excellent container or landscaping plant.

Pomegranates or Punica granatum are really delicious fruits, so you’ll certainly be pleased to know that you can grow them in your garden too. They are easy to be grown because unlike other fruit trees, pomegranates have shallow root system and can be easily grown in a container.

Pomegranate tree is also known as Granada, Roma, Shi Liu Pi, Melagrana, Melograno, Grenade, Punic apple, Punica granatum, Granatapfel, Dadima, Anardana, Shi Liu Gen Pi, Fruit du, Anar and Pomme Grenade.

Conditions for Cultivating Pomegranates

Pomegranates are natives to Middle East (Iran) and South Asia. Pomegranate tree can live up to 200 years if grown in optimal conditions. It’s a shrub or small tree that can reach heights up to 6 m (20 ft) but it’s usually reduced to 2 m.

Pomegranate trees need neutral pH level of the soil and they are easy to be grown. They will thrive best in USDA Hardiness Zone 9b-11. Below Zone 9, pomegranates can be grown in containers.

Appearance of a Pomegranate Tree

Pomegranate tree has five to eight centimeters long lance shaped leaves which are shiny and bronze from the bud but later they turn green.

Its flowers are fragile, bell-shaped and bright red. The flowers can reach up to 3 centimeters width. Decorative varieties of pomegranate trees can have pink, cream or white flowers.

Aside from this decorative appearance the most attractive thing about pomegranates are its fruits. Pomegranate fruits have a yellow-brown to reddish brown shell and the size of an apple. Inside, there’s the juicy red pulp which surrounds the countless delicious seeds.

Dwarf Pomegranate Varieties

Fruiting Varieties

  • “Nana”– This is the most famous pomegranate tree among dwarf varieties. This variety grows in USDA Zones 7 to 11 and it’s a really prosperous and thriving tree. If you plant this variety in a container it will grow up to only 1m in height and provide orange to garnet flowers that produce small fruits with viable seeds.
  • “Provence” –If you are looking for a more resistant pomegranate variety than the province is the right choice. It can survive on temperature down to 5 F (-150 C), so it can thrive in cold climate.
  • “State fair” – This variety will thrive just fine in a container. It can reach up to 1.5m height and it can be grown in USDA Zones 7 to 11.

Ornamental Varieties

  • “Flore Pleno” – The name itself means “double flower” and in summer this variety produces countless beautiful orange-red flowers, and no fruits.
  • Punica granatum “Madame Legrelle” – This ornamental variety of pomegranate tree can have its pride in the dense double flowers that come in shiny orange to salmon colour with white border.

Proliferation and Growing Pomegranates in Containers

The best time for proliferation is from spring to summer when the temperature remains in range of 68 F (200 C). Pomegranate trees can be propagated either by cuttings or by seeds. In order to avoid waiting very long time to get the fruits you can buy a 2-3 years old plant from nursery or online.

Propagation by Seeds

In this case you’ll need to buy as ripe pomegranates as possible. Remove the seeds from the pulp and clean them well by rubbing with paper towel. Let the seeds dry for a few days before sowing.

Plant the seeds in light seed-starting mix. Be careful not to plant them more than ¼ inches deep. Find a bright location for the pots and place them there. For example, in a plastic bag or green-house which can maintain temperature around 68F (20 0 C). Water the soil regularly.

Depending on the variety and climate you should expect for the seeds to germinate within a period of 1-6 weeks.

Propagation by Cuttings

You’ll need a few 8-10 long cuttings. Place the cutting in a well drained potting mix. The cuttings will root quickly and easily at temperatures of 20 0 C and high humidity.

Note: For those of you who live in places with tropical climate, you can grow pomegranates really easy in any season that you like, except peak summer. Read further to find out what you’ll need to plant and grow pomegranates.

Choosing the Right Pot

You should adapt the pot to the size of the tree. Replace the pot for a bigger one as the tree grows. Be careful to have enough number of holes at the bottom of the pot in order to maintain perfect drainage.

Requirements for Growing Pomegranates in Pots

If you’ve ever grown citrus in a pot than growing pomegranates in a pot should not be a difficult task for you at all. You’ll need to water and fertilize the plant regularly and protect it from froze. Later you’ll be satisfied with juicy, iron rich, fresh and healthy fruits.


The best location for your pomegranate tree is a sunny place which will help the tree to thrive and produce plenty of fruits. A pomegranate tree will thrive in a less sunny place too but it will bloom and fruit less. You can cultivate pomegranate tree near a windowsill if there’s enough sunlight.


Pomegranate trees need absorptive, prolific and rich in organic contents soil in order to thrive.


While the tree is growing it should be watered regularly and deeply and the soil needs to be kept moist but not too wet.

During the winter the watering should be reduced.

How to Take Care of a Pomegranate Tree


While the pomegranate tree is growing it should be fertilized every two weeks using half strength liquid 8-8-8 fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

If you decide to grow pomegranate in a pot you have to have in mind that very often it can become zinc deficient. This condition is shown with yellowing leaves. To solve this problem you need to spray diluted zinc solution on the foliage.

To help the tree thrive you can also add compost or manure. But you must be careful not to exaggerate with fertilization because you can cause the tree to produce lots of foliage and less flowers.

Overwintering Pomegranate

Pomegranate tree loves sun and most of its species are sensitive to frost. However, the plant has developed its own protective mechanism to survive low temperatures.

During the freezing period the tree sheds its leaves and becomes dormant. Only a few species will survive really low temperatures even under -10 0 C, with no damage.

If you are growing a pomegranate tree in a pot and in cold climate below USDA Zone 9 you need to prune it in the fall. During the winter keep your plant in a garage or basement on temperature not lower than 37 F (30 C). But know that the optimum low temperature for most of the pomegranate varieties is 45 F (70 C).

The best temperature for keeping your pomegranate tree indoors is around 55F (150 C). If it takes at least 4 hours of sunlight it won’t shed its leaves and go dormant. When the tree is in the period of dormancy it needs less fertilizer and less water, but it shouldn’t be dried out completely.

In spring, place the plant to a warm and bright place and allow it to adjust to the climate. A window oriented to South will do the trick. As soon as the plant shows the first sign of growing and forms a few fully developed leaves, you can again start to fertilize it and give it more water. When the temperature reaches 45 F (70 C) you can take the tree outside.


In order to maintain the desired shape of the tree and encourage it to flower and fruit, you need to prune it regularly. The best time for pruning your pomegranate tree is when the winter passes, right before the tree starts to grow.

Remove dead and weak branches so the tree’s energy is directed to the right part and shorten long branches to encourage flowering.


Repot your tree when it overgrows its pot. The best time for repotting the tree is when there are no flowers or fruits on the plant especially in the beginning of the growing season.

Diseases, Pests and Other Problems

When it comes to pests and diseases pomegranate trees are pretty resistant plants. They are mostly attacked by fruit flies, whiteflies and pomegranate butterflies.

One common problem that happens to every variety of pomegranates is fruit crack. This problem happens because of fluctuation or lack of moisture in substrate at the time of fruiting.


If you decide to cultivate pomegranate tree from seeds, expect fruits to form in the third year.

The fruit will ripen in three to six months after the appearance of flowers.

When the crust of the fruit gets an intense red colour, the pomegranates are ready to be harvested. Simply cut the fruit’s stem using sharp pruning shear of knife.

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Not only the vegetables but fruits can be grown in containers too. Here are 14 best fruits to grow in pots.

Buy a disease-free potted plant from a reputed nursery or online and start in a small to medium sized pot (3-5 gallons) and then repot the plant gradually into one or two sized bigger pots than the root ball of the plant. A 20-25 gallon size pot is an ideal one for a fruit tree in the container.

Also Read: Best Container Vegetables

Best Fruits to Grow in Pots

1. Lemon

USDA Zones: 8-11, *can be grown in cooler zones with care in winter

Lemon trees have adapted themselves for container gardening. However, it is tropical fruit, but gardeners in cold climates are also successfully growing this tangy and sour fruit in containers. Almost all the varieties are suitable, but there are some that grows best in specific conditions. Read the information given in this article to grow your own lemon tree.

2. Strawberries

USDA Zones: 3-10

Strawberries are without a doubt one of the best fruits to grow in pots. The best about growing strawberries in containers is they are easy to grow, don’t require large pots or space and you can grow on your small urban balcony. You can also try to grow strawberries in tropics in winters. Check out our guide on growing strawberries here.

Also Read: 9 DIY Ideas for Growing Strawberries in a Small Space

3. Apple

USDA Zones: 3-9

Dwarf apple trees are very suitable for growing in pots, and you can even keep them on a balcony or small terrace. When growing an apple tree in such a small space, it would be better if you choose a self-fertile variety so that you don’t need to grow more than one plant. All the other requirements for growing apple tree in a pot is available here.

4. Pomegranate

USDA Zones: 9-11, *can be grown in cooler zones with care in winter

Pomegranate is one of the juiciest and healthiest fruits and perhaps the easiest to grow in pots because it has a shallow root system when compared to other large fruit trees. If you’ve grown citrus in a pot, growing pomegranates in containers cannot be difficult for you too. Moreover, pomegranate is more cold hardy and easy to grow. Learn how to grow it in a pot in this article.

5. Fig

USDA Zones: 8-10

As figs are most suitable for warm temperate regions (USDA Zones 8-10), it is best to grow a fig tree in a pot if you live in a climate where winters are harsh, or you don’t have enough space. Choose an appropriate variety to grow in a pot and provide plenty of sun to your plant. Regular pruning and fertilization are necessary.

6. Nectarines and Peaches

Dwarf bonanza peach tree.

USDA Zones: 5-9

Both the nectarines and peaches are available in dwarf varieties. Most of these dwarf varieties don’t exceed the height of 6-8 feet and are self-fertile. Some dwarf peach varieties are “Golden Gem,” “El Dorado,” “Garden Gold” and “Southern Sweet.” Dwarf nectarine varieties you can grow in pots are “Nectarcrest,” “Fantasia.”

7. Cherry

Dwarf Cherry ‘Compact Stella’

USDA Zones: 4-8

Bush cherry cultivars are suitable for container gardening. Cherries prefer a mild climate and a little water as it dislikes wet feet. However, drought and high temperatures could damage the plant as well, but it survives well in the cold. The cherry tree favors a soil that is well drained and composed of plenty of organic matter.

8. Guava

USDA Zones: 9-11, *can be grown in cooler zones with care in winter

Guava tree will delight you with its sweetly scented flowers, delicious fruits, and beautiful tropical appearance. Guava loves the sunny and warm exposure. It is a tropical plant but very much adaptable to temperate climates with moderate winter. Learn how you can grow guava tree in a pot here.

Also Read: How to Grow a Pineapple Guava

9. Watermelon

Watermelons are easy to grow in pots, all they need is good support and well-drained potting soil. Growing watermelon is similar to cucumber, you can find out all the information in our article.

10. Banana

USDA Zones: 8-11

Growing banana in a pot is easy, and its lush green appearance can give any place a tropical look and feel. Banana trees grow in tropical and subtropical parts of the world, and therefore they love full sun, heat, and humidity. However, there are cultivars available that are mildly cold hardy and suitable for warm temperate zones. Learn to grow it in a pot here.

11. Pineapple

USDA Zones: 9-11

Pineapple plants are small and compact and never grow more than 3-6 feet tall. Also, the plant has shallow roots when compared to other fruit-bearing plants or trees that’s why it is possible to grow them in pots. However, pineapples require consistently warm and humid climate to thrive, but you can also grow them as a houseplant in temperate zones, providing several hours of direct sunlight daily.

12. Raspberries

USDA Zones: 2-8

Raspberries are bit tricky and unruly to grow in containers, but still, everbearing varieties like “Heritage,” “Raspberry Shortcake” and “Fall Gold” are a good choice. All these varieties are self-fertile and easy to grow in pots. Here’s a useful article on growing raspberry in containers. Learn about eight berries you can grow in pots.

Also Read: Growing Mulberry in Containers

13. Blueberries

USDA Zones: 3-10

Growing blueberries in pots is a good idea if the soil in your garden is not acidic. Providing a potting mix for Azaleas and camellias or other acid-loving plants and a large pot is essential so that your blueberry plant will grow easily and provide fruit for years.

Also Read: How to Grow Indian Gooseberry

14. Oranges and Citruses

USDA Zones: 9-11

All the oranges and citruses can be grown in pots as they are rather large shrubs or small trees. If you live in a climate where winters are mild, these fruits are really easy to grow. However, you can still grow an orange tree in a cold climate with care in winter. In pots, you can grow calamondin, Buddha’s hand citron, clementines orange, etc.

Also Read: Must Grow Five Best Citrus Trees For Containers

With spring and summer often comes the desire to plant things. If you are someone who enjoys growing and preserving your own food but you’re also someone who just doesn’t have the outdoor garden space that you need, we’ve got a great collection of projects for you.

We’ve found 35 fruits and vegetables that you can grow in containers. These range from bananas and citrus fruits to tomatoes, cucumbers, and just about anything else that you would normally plant in a larger garden.
The difference is, you can grow these on the deck or porch or wherever you have room because they’re all in some sort of container. Plus, these foods grow very well in containers so there are no worries of getting smaller than average tomatoes. If you want a huge beefsteak tomato in a container, that’s just what you’ll get.
So whether you have a huge gardening space or not, if you want to grow your own foods, you can and we’ve got the perfect foods for you to grow in those containers. Take a look, pick out your favorites, and DIY your way to more homegrown food on the table all year long.

Table of Contents


It’s not surprise that tomatoes grow well in containers. After all, they do sell them in those upside down growing containers, right? If you love fresh tomatoes throughout the year, you can easily grow them in just about any sized container, depending on the variety of tomato that you want to grow. You will want to be sure that the container is large enough to handle the plant and you can begin with seeds or starter plants, whichever you prefer. Also, add a cage to the outside of the container for extra support as the plant gets taller.

How to Grow Tomatoes in Containers

Growing Tomatoes in Containers

5 Tips for Growing Tomatoes in Containers


You can grow basil indoors or out and it’s great for adding to soups and other recipes. Even if you don’t have an all-out herb garden, you can grow a bit of basil for your favorite dishes. You’ll need a six inch planter, some fresh potting soil, and of course, the basil. Keep in mind that when you water basil, you need to avoid getting the leaves and stem wet. It’s best to pour water directly onto the soil. You also need to provide it with a bit of direct sunlight every day so if you are planning to grow it indoors, make sure that you use containers that you can easily move to the deck during the sunniest part of the day.

How to Grow Sweet Basil in a Pot

Growing and Using Basil

Container Gardening : How to Plant Basil in Containers

Zucchini and Summer Squash

All types of squash grow well in containers, particularly summer squash. Squash will actually grow just about anywhere you plan it. It’s a very hardy and versatile plant so if you want to add fresh summer squash to your dinner table, grab a few containers and plant those seeds. Keep in mind that you will need to harvest the squash regularly when it begins to grow so that the plants don’t get bogged down. You should be able to get about three squashes each week when they start growing so be sure to get them off the plant to make room for new growth.


Parsley grows very well in containers so if you love adding fresh parsley to your dishes, this is the perfect herb to grow on the balcony or porch. Parsley grows well in small containers and only requires partial sunlight so it’s the perfect food to grow in apartments or other tight spaces. You will need to keep the soil moist for the best results and take care that you don’t overwater your plants. It grows best in temperatures between 40 and 80 degrees which makes it perfect for winter container gardens. Just remember to bring it indoors at night so that it doesn’t get too cold.

How to Grow and Care for Italian Parsley in Containers

Vegetable & Herb Gardening How to Grow Parsley


Strawberries actually thrive in containers despite being known as a plant that needs plenty of room to grow. They are actually one of the best plants to grow in pots and they thrive even indoors so you can grow your own fresh strawberries all year long. You need to choose a sunny spot and this can be by a window. Strawberries can also be supplemented with artificial sunlight, which makes them perfect for winter growing. You do need to choose a container large enough to handle them and make sure that you harvest them regularly when they begin to produce to make room for additional growth.

How to Plant and Grow Strawberries in Containers

Growing Strawberries in a Strawberry Pot


You can enjoy pineapple any time during the year by growing it yourself, even if you don’t live in a tropical area. Start with a fresh pineapple and cut off the crown, leaving a bit of fruit at the top. You’ll want to soak the crown for a day or so in water to allow it to soak up moisture and then plant in a gallon sized plastic container. You will want to choose a warm, sunny spot for your pineapple which makes it a great choice for balconies and decks. If you are growing during the winter, be sure to bring the plant in at night.

How to grow pineapples in pots or containers and enjoy the tropical fruit at home

How to: Grow Pineapples at home


Yes, you can grow cantaloupe in a container. If you love this sweet melon and you don’t really have a garden spot to grow your own, just pick up a couple of rather large containers and you can grow enough to last you all summer. Any variety of cantaloupe can be grown in containers and you can let the vines spill over the side or support them with sticks. Smaller plants which produce smaller melons are the best choice for container gardening because they have more room to grow but you can do larger varieties as long as you have somewhere the vines can fall or if you are going to use bean poles or other support.

How to Grow Cantaloupe


Oregano is a very popular choice for container herbs and it grows very well in any sort of container. In fact, growing oregano in a container helps to prevent spreading so if you want to keep your oregano under control, containers are actually recommended by most expert gardeners. You just need a small container for each plant and a bit of potting soil. Oregano is an easy to grow herb and it’s very hardy so you should have no trouble getting it to grow well. Choose a sunny spot to put your oregano during the day and then bring it in at night, especially if you are growing it during winter.

Vegetable & Herb Gardening ” How to Grow ” Growing Oregano


Having an herb garden doesn’t actually mean having a large garden space. You can grow many herbs in containers and rosemary is one that does very well with regards to container gardening. Choose potting soil that has a minimum of peat moss. Rosemary prefers alkaline pH so the acid is great for helping it to thrive. You’ll want a bit of sand in the bottom of the container for drainage and the surface should be allowed to dry out just a bit between waterings although it should never be completely dry.

How to Grow Rosemary in Containers or Pots


Sweet peppers really thrive in containers so if you love adding red, yellow, or green peppers to your favorite foods, you can grow them easily even without a garden space. Choosing the right size container is important here. You want the peppers to have room to grow and not be squashed. Smaller peppers will require at least a 2 gallon container while larger varieties will need a 5 or 10 gallon pot. You will want to allow the peppers at least 8 hours of sunlight each day when possible so choose a spot that gets plenty of direct sunlight. You can bring them in at night if you want, just take them back out each morning for full sunlight.

Growing peppers in containers

How to Grow Chili Peppers Indoors


Chives are without a doubt, one of the hardiest herbs that you can plant. They grow very well in containers or just about anywhere else you want to plant them. Chives are great for adding flavor to soups, dips, and of course, baked potatoes. Chives are also perennials so once you plant them, they’ll come back year after year. You can move them indoors if you want to keep your harvest going all year long, but they do prefer a bit of sunlight throughout the day so choose a spot where they can get some sun at least through a window during the winter.

Cheap ‘n Easy Container Idea – Chive Basin

Growing Chives, Indoors or Out


If you love bananas and even if you don’t live in the tropics, you can grow a banana plant inside the house, even during the cold winter months. Dwarf banana plants grow perfectly inside and they are perennials so once you plant them, you’ll have bananas year after year. You’ll want to make sure that the container you use is fairly deep and has a drainage hole so that you don’t drown out your banana plant. These thrive indoors or out and are perfect for balconies and decks during the summer. Plus, you can grow them indoors all winter long.

How To Grow Bananas Indoors


Spinach is so good for you and it grows really well in containers. You will want one 8 inch container for each spinach plant. Keep in mind that spinach is a bit heat sensitive so to keep leaves from wilting, avoid direct sunlight. Containers tend to get rather warm during the summer so choose a nice, shady spot to place them outdoors. You can also grow spinach indoors and they grow very well during the winter months. You do need to keep them well watered during the winter though to avoid drying out from indoor heat.

Growing Spinach is Easier Than You Think

How to Grow Spinach


Thyme is another herb that does exceptionally well in containers and you can grow it indoors or out. You can actually have an herb garden in containers and plant your thyme with basil, oregano, and other herbs if you want or just have a container for thyme alone. Clay pots work best for thyme because they prevent drying out between watering. Thyme will not grow well if you overwater it so be sure to choose a container that has an adequate drainage hole in the bottom. You can grow it indoors during winter but it is recommended that you allow it some fresh sunlight during spring and summer months.

Growing Thyme Indoors: How To Grow Thyme Indoors


Get ready for those turkey dinners by growing your own sage. Sage is an herb that grows very well in containers and you can grow it indoors or out. Sage does prefer sunlight so if you don’t have a big enough window to supplement it during the winter, you may need to use artificial lighting. If you are planning to grow it on the balcony or even in a window box, you should be fine. Just place the containers somewhere that the plant has access to plenty of direct sunlight. You can grow it indoors as well, as long as you provide sufficient lighting for most of the day.

Care Of Potted Sage Herbs – How To Grow Sage Plant Indoors

Vegetable & Herb Gardening ” How to Grow Sage


Cucumbers are very easy to grow in containers and you can keep them growing all winter long in most cases. You can also grow them vertically to maximize the space that you have available. Just let them vine up your deck railing or even the side of your house if you are putting the containers outdoors. Salad bush hybrids, midget picklets and spacemasters are the best varieties of cucumbers for container gardening although any type will thrive if you care for it properly. Be sure to allow plenty of space for the vines and harvest regularly once they begin producing so that they don’t weigh the vines down and weaken them.

Grow Cucumbers in Containers and Your Garden

How to Grow Cucumbers in Pots


Kale is great for container gardening and really doesn’t need much space. You can grow about five kale plants in a 20 inch pot and growing in containers allows you to move them about into the shade or inside out of the cold during the winter months. It is relatively easy to grow and allows you to have a fresh supply of kale all year long. You can begin your kale containers with transplants or direct seeds, whichever you prefer. Don’t let them get too dry but don’t overwater, either and make sure that you allow a bit of indirect sunlight every day.

How to Grow Kale in Pots and Containers

Kale: An Easy Beginner’s Guide to Growing


Lettuce is one of the easiest of all plants to grow in containers. You can sit the containers out on the balcony or deck for sunlight and you can begin your own seedlings at the end of winter for the next planting season. Just sow your lettuce seeds directly into potting soil inside a large container. You can plant lettuce with other greens such as cilantro or arugula if you need to save space. You may need to transplant into a larger container when the plants begin to grow but keep the containers small enough so that you can easily move them inside and out for sunlight.

Lettuce Growing Guide

How To Grow Lettuce – Growing your own lettuce is easy!


Radishes add great flavor to salads and other dishes and can be grown easily in containers. Short, red radishes can be grown in just about any container that you have on hand. Longer, white radishes thrive very well in paint buckets or similar containers. Radishes are actually a recommended vegetable for first time gardeners because they grow so well. You are sure to get a great harvest from your radish containers. Just make sure that you water them every few days and sit them beside a window or out on the patio for a bit of sunlight a couple of hours each day.

Radish Container Care: How To Grow Radishes In Containers

How to Grow Radish


Quinoa is a whole grain that is packed full of nutrients and it’s a food that you can easily grow in a container. It’s actually a very hardy plant that is not terribly picky about where it grows, which makes it perfect for growing indoors or on patios. Plant the seeds directly into potting soil in a rather large container. Quinoa plants grown in containers only reach about two feet in height so they won’t take up much room and you can begin harvesting them in the fall. They are very hardy plants and very low maintenance which makes them perfect for container gardening.

Unexpected Container Gardening: Quinoa

Collard Greens

Collard greens do very well in containers as long as you place the container in full sunlight during the day. Plan to give them at least six hours of sunlight during the spring and fall months. If planting during summer, you will need to move the containers from indoors to somewhere slightly shaded during the afternoon hours. During fall and spring however, you will need to give them direct sunlight. You can actually grow collard greens during every season but winter, unless of course you want to provide it with artificial sunlight during the colder months.

How to grow collard greens in containers


Believe it or not, potatoes actually thrive in containers. In fact, you can keep your potatoes growing all year long and never have to buy them in the store again. They do very well in five gallon buckets and the containers are perfect for moving in and out of the sunlight. Make sure that you drill a few holes into the bottom of the bucket before planting so that your potatoes don’t get overwatered. You can expect to get between one and two pounds of potatoes per bucket so depending on how many you go through each week, you may only need to plant a couple of buckets per growing season.

How to Grow 100 Pounds of Potatoes in 4 Square Feet


Carrots, like many other root foots, can be grown in containers and they will actually thrive throughout the year when cared for properly. Sow the seeds thinly because they will really take off. Be sure to provide adequate water but don’t overwater. Growing them in containers is about the same as growing them in the garden. Make sure that your containers have holes for drainage and you should see some growth after about seven days or so. You’ll be able to enjoy carrots all year long provided you can give them a bit of sunlight or even artificial light if you are growing during the winter and live in a really snowy area.

How to Grow Carrots in Pots

How to Grow Carrots in Containers


You can grow watermelons indoors or on the balcony. If you have a deck or porch rail, allow the vines to travel up the trellis or rail, which gives them more room and will yield you more fruit. Watermelon is really easy to grow in containers and can even thrive indoors during the winter months in most cases. A self-watering container is perfect for growing watermelon in containers because after all, they do need plenty of water. You also want to be sure to give them a bit of sunlight every day and this can be direct, artificial, or through a window if you have a large enough one.

How to Plant Watermelons in a Container


Beets can be grown easily in containers. Whether you love cooked beets or you prefer to pickle them, you can grow them indoors during most seasons and have an endless supply right at your fingertips. You don’t have to germinate in one container and then transfer into another. In fact, beets prefer to grow undisturbed so choose an adequately sized container before you plant. Sow the seeds thinly but still be prepared to need to weed them out after a couple of weeks. Beets grow fairly well in any condition so you should have no problem getting enough for a great harvest.

How to Grow Beets in a Pot


Cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, and other cole crops will grow very well in containers. These are actually among the easiest of all vegetables to grow in post although you should try to avoid planting a lot of different types in one container. Choose a container for each cole crop so that they will thrive. You do need to choose a container that is at least eight inches deep and about eighteen inches wide in order for cauliflower to thrive. Be sure that you allow for adequate drainage and give your cole crops plenty of sunlight every day.

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Growing cauliflowers in pots, difficult but not impossible

Pole Beans

Imagine having a great supply of fresh green beans and from a container garden. Pole beans actually do very well in containers so whether you are planting an entire container garden plot or just adding a few plants to your deck or balcony, if you love fresh beans then by all means, plant some in a large container. You need at least a twelve inch container for best results and you’ll need a pole of some sort to allow the bean to travel up once it begins growing well. This also makes it much easier to pick off those beans when they are ready to harvest.

How To Grow Green Beans In Containers

Sugar Snap Peas

Sugar snap peas are delicious in stir fry or just by themselves. You can grow these pretty easily in planters so even if you don’t have room for a traditional garden, you can still enjoy fresh sugar snap peas from time to time without spending a fortune on them when they aren’t in season. You do want to provide some sort of climbing ability so a trellis or porch rail may be necessary when the plants begin to grow fairly well. They also thrive much better outdoors than inside so grow them on your balcony or patio during the spring/summer growing season for best results.

How To Grow Peas in Container Gardens


Onions, especially green onions, have been known to grow very well in containers, provided you get them adequate space. Choose a planter that is at least five inches deep, which allows the onion to grow to full bulb size. Just plant the onion sets in potting soil in your chosen container and you should be able to get several in a container, allowing an inch or so between for growth. Green onion tops are great for adding flavor to salads and soups and the bulbs can be left until they reach a pretty good size.

How to grow onions in pots and containers


Grow your own mushrooms for adding extra flavor to all of your favorite dishes and you can do it in a container. If you have never grown mushrooms before, don’t fret. This is one of the easiest of all foods to grow in a container and you can keep the planter on the porch or balcony or even in a windowsill planter if you want. There are many different types of mushrooms that will thrive in containers so whether you like one or like them all, you can add fresh mushrooms to your dishes without having to drive to the store and pick them up.

Growing Gourmet Mushrooms at Home from Waste Coffee Grounds


Growing eggplant in a container is really easy and depending on the size of your planter, you can get a couple of seeds in each one. You should choose containers that are at least five inches deep so that you don’t crowd the eggplant as it grows. Clay pots are excellent for eggplants because they allow heat in to the plant although you can use gallon buckets if that’s what you have on hand. You will want to keep the plants relatively warm so no setting them outdoors during winter and as they begin to grow, you may want to add a bean pole or something similar for support.

10 tips to growing eggplant in a pot or container


Turnips thrive very well in containers. Root plants, turnips are great for growing indoors and out and you can grow several containers on the balcony or deck. Make sure that your planters are at least eight inches deep to allow room for the roots to grow. You also want to ensure that there are enough holes in the bottom of the container for adequate drainage. Overwatering will cause the plants not to thrive and could kill them so plan to drill at least three or four drainage holes and add gravel to the bottom of the planter to help with drainage as well.

Turnips container gardening howto


If you love asparagus but don’t love paying high prices for it, grow it yourself and you can do so easily in containers. Asparagus is a really hardy plant and one that doesn’t require a lot of attention or care. Just make sure that your container is large enough to accommodate the plant as it grows, which will be up as opposed to root plants. You can use a shallow planter but make sure that the diameter is relatively large. These do very well indoors so if you don’t have any room outside, you can still grow it and just sit the planters out on the balcony for a little sunlight every day.

Growing Asparagus in a container. Little baby homegrown stalks!


Artichoke hearts are an acquired taste and a somewhat expensive one at that. Instead of paying out high dollars for those in the store, just grab a planter and grow your own. Artichokes grow very well in containers and aren’t really something that you have to mess with often. They are relatively low maintenance and because they take a bit longer to germinate, you can plant them in the fall and have them ready to eat by spring. Give them just a little water and sunlight regularly and they should really thrive.

How to Grow Artichokes in Pots and Containers


If you like adding parsnips to your dishes but have a difficult time finding them, especially out of season, you can grow them in containers and they do very well. Keep in mind that you’ll need a relatively deep container for planting parsnips because they tend to get pretty long. A five gallon bucket is a great choice but you have to remember to cut or drill holes in the bottom to allow for drainage. You can get several seeds in each container provided the planter is wide enough to allow them room to grow without crowding them. Note that you will need to weed them out after a couple of weeks if you plant a lot in one container.

How to Grow Parsnips in Containers

Pomegranate History

Where does the Pomegranate come from?

Pomegranate is one of the “seven kinds” mentioned in the Bible which Israel was blessed with long ago. It grew in the region for thousands of years and is very much adapted to it: it sheds its leaves in the cold of our winters, while it sprouts in early spring when temperatures rise. It ripens at the end of the summer, very close to the beginning of the Jewish New Year. It was and is used for decoration and blessings in ceremonies of the New Year celebrations and the later holidays. It decorated temples in the past and appeared on ancient coins.

Because of its decorative value in Israel, its selection was done mainly for external appearance, not so much for eating quality. Nice color and crown are very important characteristics of the fruit.

Origin and Distribution

The pomegranate tree is native from Iran to the Himalayas in northern India and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region of Asia, Africa and Europe. The fruit was used in many ways as it is today and was featured in Egyptian mythology and art, praised in the Old Testament of the Bible and in the Babylonian Talmud, and it was carried by desert caravans for the sake of its thirst-quenching juice. It traveled to central and southern India from Iran about the first century A.D. and was reported growing in Indonesia in 1416. It has been widely cultivated throughout India and drier parts of southeast Asia, Malaya, the East Indies and tropical Africa. The most important growing regions are Egypt, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, India, Burma and Saudi Arabia. There are some commercial orchards in Israel on the coastal plain and in the Jordan Valley.

It is rather commonly planted and has become naturalized in Bermuda where it was first recorded in 1621, but only occasionally seen in the Bahamas, West Indies and warm areas of South and Central America. Many people grow it at cool altitudes in the interior of Honduras. In Mexico it is frequently planted, and it is sometimes found in gardens in Hawaii. The tree was introduced in California by Spanish settlers in 1769. It is grown for its fruit mostly in the dry zones of that state and Arizona. In California, commercial pomegranate cultivation is concentrated in Tulare, Fresno and Kern counties, with small farms in Imperial and Riverside counties. There were 2,000 acres (810 ha) of hearing trees in these areas in the 1920’s. Production declined from lack of demand in the 1930’s but new farms were made when demand increased in the 1960’s.
The inner beauty of the pomegranate has inspired design since Biblical times, and there are some who believe it may be the fruit on the tree of life.

History of the Pomegranate

As befits a fruit with many seeds, the pomegranate is the traditional representation of fertility, and seems to have its origins everywhere. We see it in the Middle East and India. The pomegranate was cultivated in Egypt before the time of Moses. It was found in the Indus valley so early that there is a word in Sanskrit for pomegranate. Indian royalty began their banquets with pomegranate, grape, and jujube. Arab caravans, many emanating from the lush oasis that was ancient Baghdad, probably spread its use.

The pomegranate is significant in Jewish custom. Tradition holds that a pomegranate has 613 seeds to represent the 613 commandments in the Torah. The design of the pomegranate was woven into the high priest’s robes, and brass representations were part of the Temple’s pillars. It is mentioned six times inch Song of Solomon. We see the pomegranate again in ancient Greece and Rome. In the verses of the Odyssey, Homer mentions it as part of the gardens of Alcinous (probably in Sicily). The Romans imported their pomegranates from African Libya, and Pliny the Elder gave instructions for its storage. Lest the pomegranate be neglected in the East, it appears in China during the Han and Sung dynasties.

The derivation of the word pomegranate comes from the Middle French pome garnete (seeded apple), but Europeans were slow to adopt the pomegranate. The pomegranate was probably introduced from Sicily, however Europeans, then under Norman influence, distrusted fruits and vegetables, preferring a meat-based diet. It is mentioned in the 14th century Ménagier de Paris which offered some recipes, and as we see in the quote from Romeo and Juliet it was known in England in Elizabethan times. The enthusiasm for pomegranate as a food was limited, but it was widely used as a decoration.

The Spanish Conquistadores brought the pomegranate to America. Jesuit missionaries carried it north to their missions in California. They were found growing wild in Georgia in 1772 .

Pomegranates in Western Australia


The round red fruit of pomegranate is a false berry. It consists of many close-packed red grains (arils), and segments which are separated by a non-edible white pith. The arils contain a seed surrounded by an edible juicy pulp.The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is native to Iran through to north India. The main areas of world production are Turkey, Spain and California. The flowers, fruits and autumn foliage are ornamental and it is often planted in home gardens from Carnarvon southward.

At present, the pomegranate is commercially harvested on an insignificant scale in Western Australia. The main annual imports are from California in November and December.


Pomegranates would probably grow best commercially from Geraldton to Albany. They grow best in warm areas, with temperatures up to 38°C. In inland areas, temperatures can be high and fruits can suffer from sunburn. Rainfall in summer and early autumn should be low. Established plants will survive frosts to minus 10°C. Flowering occurs in late spring, when there are no frosts. Pomegranates do not like high humidity.


Soils can be variable, but must be well drained.

The pH (by the water system of measurement) should be 5.5 to 7.0, but the plant will grow well in slightly alkaline soils.


There are many varieties, with a range of quality varying from very sweet (bland) to very acidic flavours and with soft seeds, medium hard seeds or hard seeds. The best quality pomegranates have a good balance of sugars and acidity, and soft seeds, which can be consumed with the pulp.

Pomegranate varieties were observed at Medina Research Centre in the 1990s. Fruit quality and comments are shown in the table but yields were not recorded.

Characteristics of pomegranate varieties planted at Medina Research Station near Perth, Western Australia


External appearance

Internal appearance/juiciness,
Gulosha Azerbaijani

Large size, good external appearance (light pink/red skin)

Large red grains, juicy

Good variety

Gulosha Rosavaya Large size, good external appearance (light pink skin)

Large, red grains, juicy

Best variety for combination of sweetness, acidity and external appearance

Wonderful Medium size, claret red skin More acidic than Gulosha Rosavaya,
red grains
Next best to Gulosha varieties, but smaller and more acidic, most common variety in California, better for juicing
Victorian Giant Large size, not very attractive skin

Grain is not highly coloured, not juicy, mild flavour

Poor variety
Berri Large size, unattractive skin Not juicy, too sweet, bland flavour Poor variety

Medium size, squarish shape, pink-red skin

Juicy, rich flavour, but very acidic

May be suitable for processing


Large size, claret red skin

Red grains, rich flavour, but slightly too acidic

Fairly good variety

Planting material

Pomegranates are easily struck in potting mixture in July and early August from 20 to 30cm cuttings when the plants are dormant. Leave the top one to two buds exposed. The cuttings should be 6 to 12mm thick.
A range of varieties is available from Lewis Horticulture, telephone +61 (0)8 8380 9598, Box 798, Virginia, South Australia 5120.

Keep the plants in a sheltered position in a nursery and use a slow release, complete fertiliser. Plant in spring, 13 to 15 months later, when the plants are 60 to 100cm high.

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