We all know ginger – a tasty culinary herb (or, more accurately, a spice) that you can buy practically anywhere.
Whether you’re using the whole root, paste, or powdered form, it’s a spice any seasoned cook will reach for, especially when they want an easy way to add a dash of Asian flavor to their dishes.
You don’t see ginger farms sprawling across the countryside of Europe or America. Now, why is that?
The answer is simple: ginger is a tropical plant, and it’s fairly hard to grow in regions that are less warm and humid.
But there are options and methods that will let you propagate this culinary specialty herb at home. Here’s what’s ahead in this article:
Follow along as we explore the various options.
- Where Does It Come From?
- Planting Time
- What About Colder Climates?
- 5 Tips for Growing in Colder Regions
- 1. Pot It
- 2. Transplant Seasonally
- 3. It’s Not Just About Temperature
- 4. Harvest When You Want
- 5. Propagate Your Own
- Ginger Quick Reference Growing Chart
- Get Growing!
- How to grow ginger
- Top Of The Crops – Ginger
- Growing ginger in polytunnels
- How To Grow Ginger
- How to Harvest Ginger
- Can Ginger Grow Outside – Ginger Cold Hardiness And Site Requirements
- Can Ginger Grow Outside?
- Ginger Cold Hardiness and Site Requirements
- Growing Ginger Plants: How To Plant And Care For Ginger
- How to Grow Ginger Root
- Ginger Root Basics
- Where To Grow Ginger Root
- Planting Ginger Root
- Maintaining Ginger Root
- Harvesting Ginger Root
- Uses For Ginger
- Your comments and tips
- How to Start Ginger Farming:
- Ginger Cultivation Information:
- The Best Ginger Growing Method:
- Where ginger grows rapidly:
- Environmental Factors :
- Best Soil Preparing Procedure for Planting:
- Ginger Cultivation Season:
- Choosing and Preparing the best rhizomes for propagation:
- How to Grow Better Seedlings:
- Planting Propagated Rhizomes in the Field:
- Care (Shading, Fertilize and Pest And Disease Control) :
- When to Harvest Adult Ginger:
- The Proper Storing Process Of Ginger:
- How to Grow Ginger in Uganda
- Common Ginger varieties in Uganda
- Soil requirements for growing Ginger
- How to propagate Ginger
- How to prepare land for planting Ginger in Africa
- How to plant Ginger in Uganda
- How to plant Ginger on a small plot of land
- How to mulch and control weeds on your Ginger plantation
- How to apply Manure in your Ginger Garden
- Ginger diseases to watch out for, in your garden
- Ginger harvesting and post harvest handlin in Africa
- Quick Tips for planting Ginger in Uganda
- Have a Question or Great Story About This Plant Guide?
Where Does It Come From?
Most of the ginger that arrives in our markets and on our tables was cultivated in southern China, India, Indonesia, or West Africa.
In the native countries where ginger originates, the rhizome (not technically a root, though it’s similar) can grow aplenty as a commercial spice, or even in home backyard gardens.
It thrives in these tropical climes and has a penchant for spreading quite aggressively, even when planted as a garden perennial.
It would seem that ginger can indeed make it in some gardens in the US, but not all of them – it’s only suited to areas that are considered “tropical” or “sub-tropical.”
US Regions Where Ginger Can Grow Year-Round:
- Southern Texas and Louisiana
- Southern and coastal California, Central Valley
- Southern Arizona
But the story is different for the rest of the non-tropical world.
So, if you’re a lover of ginger, is it possible to form a more personal relationship by growing it at home, even if you live in a colder temperate region?
Yes, it is!
There are a few tips to follow and tricks to it that may seem a bit daunting for beginner gardeners, but they’re a lot easier to achieve than you might think – and completely worth it if you want to enjoy your own homegrown version, for days and days to come.
First, you’ll need to locate some ginger rhizomes. These can be simply purchased from your local grocery store or farmers market, or you can order them online from seed retailers and nurseries such as Burpee.
Ginger Root (Zingiber officionale) via Burpee
Online retailers are particularly helpful if you want a cultivar other than standard culinary ginger.
If you are able to choose in person, select a root (or roots) that is on the large side and healthy, 4 to 6 inches long, with multiple “fingers” extending from it.
You’ll want to find a location that’s in full to partial shade with rich, loamy, and well-draining soil for planting. This is naturally an understory plant that thrives in hot and humid jungle-like conditions with dappled sunlight.
Ginger can be grown directly in the ground or in pots (more on that later).
To plant ginger:
- Amend with compost or aged manure if your soil is lacking.
- Plant in early spring if possible. If you live in a warmer climate, you can plant at any time.
- Slice off the fingers, making sure each rhizome piece is 1 to 2 inches long with at least one bud.
- Allow the pieces to dry for 24-48 hours before planting, as this helps to control for possible root rot.
- Plant cut sections at least 12 inches apart no deeper than 1 inch. For commercial cultivation, ginger is usually planted in double rows 1 foot apart with a working path between rows.
- Water well after planting.
- Leaves will emerge after about 1 week.
- Water sparingly but deeply after you see growth.
Your ginger will grow up to four feet tall and many of the roots will appear above ground, which is natural for this type of plant.
What About Colder Climates?
Have you ever tried growing this tasty item in your garden year-round?
According to the USDA Hardiness Zones map, if the answer is “yes” and you live in growing zone 8 or lower, you were probably disappointed to find that your ginger didn’t sprout back up when you checked it in the spring.
What’s a “Hardiness” Zone?
These are designated, climate-dependent regional categories that help a gardener determine what he or she can or cannot grow.
According to these zones, ginger may only grow year-round in zone 9 or higher.
In the US, roughly anywhere north of southern Texas, Florida, and southern Arizona, and stretching up towards the Pacific Northwest, Mid-Atlantic, and New England couldn’t possibly host ginger year-round.
You wouldn’t be able to plug it into your garden along with the mint, sage, parsley, or rosemary, sadly. And it won’t do well with the horseradish either, since that plant perhaps surprisingly prefers cooler climes.
So what’s the defining line between zones 8 and 9? What makes ginger grow well in one area, and not in another?
As a tropical rhizome, this Asian perennial can only stand temperatures around 50°F or higher. Anything lower simply makes ginger unhappy – damaging it, triggering “dormancy,” and at worst, killing it off completely.
Farmers, gardeners, and growers among my friends and community members have consistently reported that their ginger “shuts down” anywhere under 55°F. That is, the above-ground foliage yellows, shrivels, dries, and sheds itself until there’s nothing left.
Forget first frost. We’re talking about sweater weather.
But don’t worry – in most cases, this means that the plant has just gone dormant, or is “sleeping” until warmer times return. If you touch the rhizome with your fingers, you will feel that it is indeed still hard, yet tender and alive.
- If you want a vibrant, beautiful ginger plant to grow year-round, you will have to make sure that it hangs out in temps above 55°F at all times, optimally between 55 and 60°F at the coolest. If it gets any colder, then this indicates to the rhizome that it’s time for a long hibernation until spring! And unfortunately, it may not survive.
- If temperatures reach below freezing, 32°F with frost, you can expect not only for the foliage to die off, but for the rhizome to shrivel and become lifeless. Frost cannot be tolerated whatsoever – even if exposed to temperatures in the low 40’s repeatedly, it just doesn’t thrive naturally.
If you plant in growing zones where it CAN flourish, ginger will go dormant during the winter months, triggered by less light and colder temperatures. Then it will come back in the spring, without a worry.
5 Tips for Growing in Colder Regions
Fortunately, there are some simple tricks to get your ginger away from its frigid foe in more temperate areas– and onto your plate by your very own green thumb, even during the coldest of seasons!
1. Pot It
In order to have delicious, pungent cooking ginger of your very own that’s ready to harvest when you need it, it’s going to have to be quite mobile.
At any warning or suspicion of threatening temperatures in fall or spring, you’ll need to move it indoors quickly – all the more reason why you should keep ginger growing in pots.
When winter comes around, if you haven’t already, it’ll be time to whisk your potted plant inside, where it can be happy and verdant!
Where Can I Get a Rhizome to Start?
Many buy the whole rhizome from their local grocery store, pot it, and see it sprout up shortly after moistening the soil.
I have seen this work myself, and it’s so satisfying!
What If It Doesn’t Sprout?
Try again with a purchase from a different source, until you find a rhizome that still has some life in it. Or better yet, make your purchase from a trusted nursery that sells rhizomes intended for gardening, rather than immediate cooking.
What Size and Type of Pot Should I Use?
Pot rhizomes in containers where they can grow and spread to an even bigger size. It’ll want to stretch its legs!
Make sure the pot is well-draining, and the soil is a rich, fertile, absorbent variety – not dry or sandy.
What About Moving It Inside?
When you first shift your plant to the indoors, having those easy-to-move pots is very helpful in finding that perfectly warm spot where this exotic herb can hang out – until warmer times.
And If It’s Just Not Warm Enough?
You can move it effortlessly to a new spot, and see how it fares. Try a four-season porch, greenhouse, or even a low-tunnel or high-tunnel in a shady spot.
Caring for your potted spice is so simple. Once temperatures climb above freezing again, all you have to do is set your plant out on the stoop or porch.
Or, you may choose to give it its very own special place in your garden.
2. Transplant Seasonally
If you’re more of an expert and you have the time, you can transplant these in and out of your garden every year, instead of keeping them in pots.
When it’s warm enough, it’s time to sow your rhizomes – and when cold weather looms, just dig them back up, and nurse them in pots indoors.
Digging up the rhizome doesn’t hurt it, if you’re gentle. But if you want to see your ginger flourishing outside, then you’ll have to also keep an eagle eye on weather fluctuations to ensure its safety!
Like those in pots, make sure you plant your newly-purchased rhizome in fertile, well-draining soil that absorbs water well.
Give it some water and with luck, you’ll see it come back to life, even after being dormant in the produce aisle for a time.
3. It’s Not Just About Temperature
Getting the temperature turned up enough for your plant to really thrive is only the beginning. After you get its warmth and comfort just right, there are a couple other things to consider:
Soil Type Is Important
You’ll want to grow in the closest match to its native soil type as possible – which is a damp, fertile, rich, and humus-like soil that absorbs water, but doesn’t get soggy.
Soil type is ESPECIALLY important as it’s related to hydration, because you will need to water every day, always keeping the soil moist like what you’ll find in its native rainy environment.
To protect the roots from rot, water will also need to be able to drain away –muddy soil and “wet feet” will kill your plant, and ruin all your hard work.
Partial Shade to Light Sun
Ginger’s native clime is tropical, rainy, and forested. Keep your plants (or pots) out of full sun – consider putting them in the shade of a tree, or under a shadow-casting cloth.
Sure, you could grow it year-round if you’re located someplace like Arizona. But with the dry desert sun there, you’ll need something to both shade your plant and retain moisture – keep that in mind.
4. Harvest When You Want
What’s the true magic of growing your own? Being able to use it whenever you want!
You don’t have to be living in Hawaii, Florida, or Indonesia to have fresh ginger at the ready.
The wonderful thing about growing it in temperate areas is that you can harvest some of the rhizome straight from the pot to your kitchen – without causing harm to the plant at all.
That’s right: it’s real handy to grow ginger in easy-to-manage pots, even indoors, and you can even take what you need and leave the rest to grow!
How to Harvest
The most common way: just dig it up. Rinse away all of the dirt under cold running water, and go ahead and use it. With this method, you will need to grow multiple plants, or start again with a new starter rhizome if you want continual harvests. But don’t worry too much because, as we’ll get into later, if this plant is thriving, it will multiply.
To keep the rhizome alive: feel all the way down the above-ground shoot with your fingers, to the rhizome under the soil. Measuring at least two inches away from where the stalk meets the rhizome, cut away the rest of the root that is growing away from the plant.
Essentially, you want to leave two inches of the rhizome with stalk intact, and it will continue to grow.
You can use these cut portions in your cooking, while keeping the plant alive for future harvests!
However, do realize that after you cut all the ginger you can from a plant, you’ll need to give it time to recover. A minimum of a week’s rest is pretty typical.
5. Propagate Your Own
The lovely thing you’ll realize as you tend this flavorful delight is that it loves to spread.
Once your first pot or backyard rhizome swells in size and pushes up multiple stalks, sometimes even to the point of busting out of its container, you’ll know it’s time to start some new ginger. With time, you could have quite a few pots of this exotic spice!
Just cut away portions of the root that have their own stalk or “nodule,” leaving at least one stalk behind to remain in the pot. Make sure that each portion you cut away is at least 2-3 inches in length, or the plant won’t regenerate when you transplant it.
At this point, you could just eat what you cut away. But you can also take each new stalk of ginger that you have split off and replant it in another pot, or in your garden.
Follow the directions above, water it, then watch it grow!
Ginger Quick Reference Growing Chart
|Plant Type:||Root Crop, Perennial||Tolerance:||Shade|
|Native To:||Tropical Africa, Asia||Maintenance:||Moderate|
|Hardiness (USDA Zone):||9-12||Soil Type:||Rich, loamy.|
|Season:||Requires year round temperate conditions for outdoors cultivation.||Soil PH:||Slightly acidic (5.5 to 6.5).|
|Exposure:||Partial to full shade.||Soil Drainage:||Well-draining|
|Time to Maturity:||10 months for full maturity. 4 months for partial harvest.||Companion Planting:||Green mulch, warm-climate loving plants that love rich soil.|
|Planting Depth:||1 inch or less; lightly add soil over rhizomes as they grow and multiply.||Genus:||Zingiber|
|Water:||Once per week but deeply.||Species:||Z. officinale|
|Pests & Diseases:||Aphids, ants, mealy bugs, spider mites, cutworms, slugs and snails, bacterial wilt, fusarium fungus, root-knot nematode.|
Long story short, yes, you can grow ginger practically anywhere. All it takes is a little finesse, a green thumb, diligence, and a sharp eye on weather changes for your local climate.
Even better, it’s possible to get quite the stock of plants up and running from one single root – so you can have ginger all year, or share the love by giving some away to your friends!
© Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Product photo via Burpee. Uncredited photos: . Last updated May 10, 2019. With additional writing and editing by Allison Sidhu.
About Adrian White
Adrian White is a certified herbalist, organic farmer, and health/food writer and expert. She aims to bridge the world of natural, holistic health and nutrition to the realm of organic foods, herbalism, gardening, and sustainability – or “Food as Medicine” – throughout her writing.
You might think growing ginger in the UK is a mere novelty, a horticultural gimmick that will never pay back the time and effort you need to put in. After all, ginger is a tropical spice that requires a notoriously long growing season in coddled indoor conditions. Even then the fresh stuff is sold pretty much everywhere for less than a quid. Not exactly a great return.
If we were talking about regular root ginger, I would agree. But here is the difference: when harvested fresh, the same plant that “root” ginger comes from produces an entirely different crop called “stem” ginger, which provides virtually incomparable flavour and culinary uses. Normally known only to us Brits embalmed in jars of jaw-achingly sweet syrup, in its fresh form stem ginger is surprisingly still a rare spice on our shores. Essentially the only way to get your hands on it is to grow it yourself.
Dug straight from the ground the rhizomes are butter yellow with a pink blush. Their flavour is not fiery and drying but warm and delicate – almost floral. Even their texture is crisp and light, like an apple, resulting in a crop that is eaten more like a vegetable than a spice.
Highly prized in the Asian-Pacific region, stem ginger is traditionally sliced finely and served as a fresh condiment with fish or chicken dishes, or added to salads and salsas. Thin slivers are a revelation stirred into juices and drinks. Steep it in sugar to create a syrup to lace desserts and you will wonder why you’ve never grown it before.
The key to this radical flavour difference is a group of chemicals called shogaols. These are responsible for the fieriness we associate with ginger yet are almost entirely absent in the plump, freshly harvested rhizomes of stem ginger. They are produced by a chemical reaction that is triggered only as the rhizomes begin to dry out, to take on the familiar papery appearance of what we call “fresh” root ginger.
How to grow ginger
Pot luck: ginger makes a pretty houseplant all year long. Photograph: Alamy
Ginger is easy to propagate from supermarket leftovers, and now is as good a time as any to do this. Pick the freshest piece you can, ideally with visible ‘eyes’ (small yellow tips from which shoots sprout). Plant each piece in a pot of well-drained potting mix, such as seed and cutting compost, with the eyes just level with the surface, and water in well. Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag and place it in a sunny spot indoors at about 20C. In a few weeks you will start to notice green tips. Kept in a light, warm room your ginger will make a pretty houseplant all year long and start producing harvests after six to eight months.
Follow James Wong on Twitter @Botanygeek
Top Of The Crops – Ginger
Ginger has been grown for more than 5000 years and through time has been considered something of a luxury. The ancient civilizations of China and India used the root as a tonic to treat many ailments. Ginger is a potent anti-inflammatory and inflammation is the cause of many of the problems that can strike down human beings. Even today, medical scientists explore the properties of ginger and its health benefits (Medical News Today). There is evidence to suggest that it can relieve nausea, improve appetite, prevent motion sickness, as well as reduce pain.
Although the value of ginger has decreased over the years, as has the monetary value of most spices, it is still a valued ingredient in the kitchen. You will find ginger in your local stores. Yet, why would you bother buying it when you can quickly grow it in your garden? Even though your crop might not give you the same value as a live sheep or other livestock, as it would have done in the 14th century, it will serve to make your curries taste amazing.
Growing ginger in polytunnels
Ginger loves humidity, which is not surprising, as it is considered a tropical plant. Therefore, although ginger is relatively easy to grow, you will find your crop will improve significantly in a polytunnel.
The autumn and winter months can prove too cold for ginger, and if you provide it with a little extra warmth and a lot of moisture in the air, you will find that ginger grows with some energy. Remember you are growing the ginger most likely to harvest the rhizomes, which is the root that can be grated into food. Therefore, maintaining the soil balance and moisture is essential to the success of your crop. This means that the close control of the environment offered by a polytunnel can bring much success.
Ginger does not require too much space. Therefore, you can opt for the 6ft x 8ft polytunnel, which easily fits into smaller gardens, while offering you the perfect environment for your ginger. However, do not underestimate the taste that can be extracted from the ginger stems. These stems are considered an exotic ingredient in Asia. Your polytunnel can recreate the ideal growing conditions for these stems, matching the native environment in Asia.
Ultimately, ginger cannot grow in an environment that is liable to frost, strong winds, and soggy and water-logged soils. It will also struggle in direct sunlight. Therefore, your polytunnel will provide the appropriate shelter from these conditions and improve your ginger harvest. You can make sure your polytunnel has the perfect tropical environment by using a heater inside your tunnel.
How To Grow Ginger
Despite the many things ginger does not enjoy, is relatively easy to grow. Although a tropical plant, it does not require expert knowledge to cultivate a successful crop.
Buy a rhizome of ginger. You can buy this from the supermarket, as it is just a fresh piece of ginger root. You need to select a piece from the supermarket that has been well-developed. You need to look to see if there are growth buds on the ginger – which are small nodules something similar to what would begin to appear on potatoes.
Soak your ginger root in water. Supermarkets prolong the life of ginger root by spraying them with a growth retardant, which prevents the nodules from growing. Therefore, soaking in water for a day or so to wash this away is perfectly sensible. However, soaking the root in water until the roots show is counterproductive. The sprouting roots will be much happier in the soil, where they can breathe appropriately from the start, and you do not disturb them by transplanting them later. Remember if the ground is moist and warm, the rhizome will easily root.
Break your ginger root into pieces, with each part containing a growth bud. You then need to plant these in a seed tray, in moist potting compost. You will need to feed these and provide good drainage. A good time to start this process is the end of winter. However, if continuing to grow the plant indoors, you can complete this process at any time of year. Remember, if your ginger is going outdoors, the plant is not winter hardy. Be aware that any heating, especially central heating, can dry out the air. Therefore, you should spray the plant with moisture regularly to increase the level of humidity.
Once seeded, you can transplant these into a pot or the ground. You need excellent soil, which is rich in nutrients and full of moisture if your ginger is to thrive. The soil needs to be free draining; else the roots could rot. However, there needs to be adequate water to feed its thirsty ways.
As long as ginger gets the much-loved light and warmth, then within eight to ten months, your ginger plant will be fully grown. The plant, at its tallest, with be about a metre and a half. Therefore, you will need to leave enough height for it to mature. Its spread is limited. Remember the root is the spice we are used to using in our food. You may want to save some of your roots for replanting your next crop.
How to Harvest Ginger
Once the ginger is about four months old, you can begin to steal little bits of it as you go. The ginger will grow in clumps, which means you can carefully dig away a small portion of the plant and root and leave the rest to grow. Green, under mature ginger, does not have the same taste as fully matured ginger. Therefore, if you can wait, you should.
Therefore, the best approach to harvesting ginger is:
- Wait for eight to ten months, until the plant is fully mature.
- Look to see if the leaves have died down if so, this is perfect harvest time.
- Dig up the whole plant, remembering to retrieve the essential roots.
- Growing in a pot makes this harvesting process more straightforward, as you can tip the entire contents of the tub out and extract your crop from the soil – no digging involved.
- Break up the rhizomes into chunks, keeping some for the kitchen and those with good growing buds for replanting for your next crop – you can do this straight away.
If you are serious about cultivating a crop of ginger, then leave the plants for two years or so. You can then build up a stock. The plant will continue to spread outwards, and once you start harvesting, you can dig into the central clump of the plant. By choosing the older roots in the centre, you will leave the younger shoots free to grow and provide your next crop.
|Sowing Time||Late winter/early spring|
|Harvesting Time||Eight to ten months after sowing, if waiting for the plant to mature fully|
The great news about ginger is that it is easy to grow – in the right conditions. You can easily set up a system of harvesting and planting, which means you keep your ginger plants in a cycle of planting, growing and harvest. Remember, all you need is well-drained, moist soil that is free from the worst of UK weather – the rest can be left to nature.
Can Ginger Grow Outside – Ginger Cold Hardiness And Site Requirements
Ginger roots have been used for cooking, healing and in cosmetics for centuries. These days the healing compounds in ginger root, called ginger oils, have been making headlines for their effectiveness in battling ovarian and colorectal cancer. These ginger oils also boost the immune system and are an efficient anti-inflammatory for those who suffer from arthritis. Once an exotic herb grown only in tropical locations, today homeowners all over the world can grow their own ginger in the garden. Continue reading to learn more about growing ginger outdoors.
Can Ginger Grow Outside?
Common ginger (Zingiber officinale) is hardy in zones 9-12, but a few other varieties of ginger are hardy down to zone 7. While common ginger needs about 8-10 months of active growth to reach maturity, the roots
can be harvested at any time.
Because the cool, damp winters of zones 7-8 can rot ginger rhizomes, plants are usually harvested in these locations in the fall. In zones 9-12, ginger plants can be harvested all throughout the year.
Ginger plants have striking foliage and make lovely accent plants in the garden but harvesting requires the whole plant to be dug up.
Ginger Cold Hardiness and Site Requirements
Ginger plants grow best in warm, humid locations. They prefer part shade with 2-5 hours of dappled sunlight each day. They cannot tolerate locations with strong winds or poorly draining soil. In poorly draining soil, ginger roots may develop stunted or distorted roots, or they may just rot.
The best soil for ginger in the garden is rich, loose, loamy soil. Plants should be mulched after planting to retain soil moisture. During dry periods, ginger plants should not be allowed to dry out and will benefit from a regular, light misting.
Ginger rhizomes can be cut up and planted, much like potatoes. Each section that is cut off to be planted should have at least one eye. If you plan to plant ginger root sections from a grocery store, you should soak the rhizomes for 24 hours before planting.
Ginger plants in the garden will benefit from spring feeding with a fertilizer that contains plenty of phosphorus. Slow release fertilizers can also be used.
Growing Ginger Plants: How To Plant And Care For Ginger
Ginger plant (Zingiber officinale) may seem like a mysterious herb to grow. The knobby ginger root is found in grocery stores but very rarely do you find it in your local nursery. So can you grow ginger at home? The answer is yes, you can. Not only is growing ginger plants possible, it is easy as well. Let’s take a look at how to grow ginger root in your garden.
How to Grow Ginger Root
Planting ginger starts with finding some ginger root to plant. You can find a ginger root dealer online, but just as easily you can head to your local grocery store and buy a ginger root right out of the produce section for growing ginger plants. Choose a healthy, plump looking ginger root that is about 4 to 5 inches long with at least a few “fingers.” If possible, find a ginger root where the tips of the fingers are greenish.
Ginger plants take 10 months to mature. If you live in USDA zone 7 or higher, you can grow ginger root in the ground (though in all zones but zone 10, the leaves will die in the winter). If you live in zone 6 or lower, you’ll need to bring your ginger plant in for the winter, which means you will need to plant the ginger root in a pot.
Next, you will need to select a place to grow your ginger plant. Ginger root grows in part to full shade and likes rich, loose soil. If you’ll be planting ginger in the ground, it’s a good idea to add lots of compost or rotted manure to the chosen spot. If you will be growing ginger in containers, using potting soil is a must.
Plant your ginger root in the early spring, after all chances of frost have passed. The next step in growing ginger plants is to break or cut off a finger and make sure the section is at least 1 to 2 inches long as has at least one of the buds (looks like a rounded point) on it. To help prevent rot in the ginger root, allow the cut pieces to dry for a day or two in a warm, dry place before putting them in the ground.
Plant the ginger sections in a shallow trench. You shouldn’t be planting the ginger root sections any deeper than 1 inch. You may find as your ginger plant grows that the root pushes back up through the top of the soil. This is okay and it’s common for the plant to have roots above soil.
Plant one ginger plant per square foot. Once the ginger root is planted, water it thoroughly. In a week or two you’ll see the leaves of the ginger plant emerge. Once the leaves emerge, water sparingly, but when you water the ginger root plant, water it deeply.
The leaves on the ginger plant will get to be up to 4 feet tall and are susceptible to wind damage. If you live in an area where ginger will not survive the winter, bring your ginger plant inside once night time temperatures dip below 50 F. (10 C.). Continue to care for your plant over the winter.
Your ginger plant will be ready for harvest in the spring, or you can let it grow through the next summer for a larger harvest. When you’re ready to harvest, lift the ginger plant gently from the soil. If you’d like to continue to grow ginger root, break off a part of the ginger root that has foliage and carefully replant it. The rest of the ginger root can be used as your harvest. Break off the foliage and wash the ginger root. The ginger root can be broken into smaller pieces for easier use.
Now that you know how to grow ginger root, you can enjoy its amazing flavor in your favorite recipes.
Full disclosure: I may have more than a mild obsession with ginger. These days I’m finding myself craving it regularly. I love it added to my favorite Asian or Indian-inspired dishes, drinking it in tea form, and having ginger dressing no less than three times a week on my salads. The slightly spicy, savory flavor can truly transform a meal. But the greatest news about ginger is that not only is it delicious, it’s also good for you.
Growing ginger may sound intimidating, but once you understand what makes it thrive, it’s actually one of the simplest things to add to your garden. Before we jump in, let’s cover some of the basics about this unique plant.
Ginger Root Basics
When we talk about eating ginger root, what we’re really eating is the ginger’s rhizome. The green stalk of the plant grows out through the top of the rhizome, and the ginger’s roots come out from the bottom of the rhizome. We’re going to call the rhizome “ginger root” anyway, as that’s what everyone calls it.
Harvested ginger with attached rhizomes and roots! Edsel Little / Flickr (Creative Commons)
Where To Grow Ginger Root
Ginger needs a sheltered spot, filtered sunlight, rich, moist soil, and warm, humid weather (hello, Florida). USDA planting zones 9-12 have the best growing conditions.
What ginger really doesn’t love is frost, direct sunlight, strong winds, and soggy or waterlogged soil. If you live outside USDA planting zones 9-12, you probably shouldn’t plant ginger outdoors.
If you live in a cooler climate, it’s not impossible to grow ginger, but you may need the help of a greenhouse. It’s probably best to grow it indoors to maintain the warm climate that ginger needs. Many people grow ginger outdoors in cooler climates simply for the beauty of the green plant itself as well as its beautiful yellow flowers and the lovely smell it exudes when you brush against it, without having any expectation of harvesting the root.
Planting Ginger Root
To get started growing ginger, you’ll simply need some fresh rhizomes (what we commonly refer to as ginger root) from a gardener friend who already has an established ginger plant, or from a store. Generally, ginger isn’t grown from seed. You’ll want to find pieces with well-developed growth buds. It’s not a bad idea to soak it overnight, especially if you’re using ginger root from a store.
Ginger-roots sprouting! I chopped them into smaller parts and will plant them in little pots later. ••• #gingerroot #indoorgardening #gingerplant #sprouts #tubers #plants #gingertea
There is no reason to let the ginger sit in water until it sprouts roots (despite what you may read on the web). Ginger will be happiest in warm, rich, moist soil where it can breathe immediately.
Whether you grow ginger in a pot or in a garden, make sure you use good quality soil mixed with some compost. Make sure your soil is moist, but not soggy, and that your garden or pot has proper drainage.
#ginger has sprouted, and is ready to be #planted. #mygarden #corgi #corgisofinstagram #plantingginger #decaturga
The best time to plant ginger root is late winter/early spring. Plant the roots 2-4 inches deep with the root buds facing up.
They don’t take up a tremendous amount of space, so if you’re planting more than one plant, you’ll only need to space them 6-8 inches apart. The plant itself will grow to be about 2-4 feet tall, and the rhizomes themselves will grow in tight clumps.
Maintaining Ginger Root
I don’t want to say that ginger is a “set it and forget it” plant, but essentially, it is. Once planted in rich soil, it will produce year after year.
Harvesting Ginger Root
You can begin to harvest ginger when it’s as young as four months old. Ginger at this stage is considered “green ginger” and has less flavor than ginger that is more mature. Generally, it takes about 8-10 months for ginger to be fully matured. To get at the ginger root early, just dig carefully at the side of the clump beneath the dirt.
Once the entire plant is matured and ready, you’ll notice that the leaves of the plant have died down. Now you can dig up the entire plant. If you’re growing them in pots this is very simple—you won’t have to do any digging, just tip the plant out of the container.
Once you have the clump of rhizomes out, break them up, select a few for planting, which you can do immediately for the next season, and harvest the majority. Use whatever fresh ginger you want to right away, and the rest can be stored in brandy, dried, pickled, fermented, or frozen.
Uses For Ginger
Ginger in its various forms can be used for a remarkable number of things.
Ginger is originally from the tropical rainforests of southern Asia and was one of the first spices bought and traded in ancient times. Today, India produces the most ginger of any country in the world.
Benson Kua / Flickr (Creative Commons)
Ginger’s flavor enhances tea, lattes, soups, and stir-fry. It’s also delicious when mixed with its sister plant turmeric to make curries and turmeric tea.
As of late, ginger is garnering a lot more attention because of its health benefits. I never travel without a few bags of ginger tea in case of an upset stomach. There are several ways to curate ginger into some helpful home remedies such as cough syrup and drops, sore throat spray, or wellness tonics to prevent illness.
Fresh made by me: Lemon Ginger tea on ice with some fresh berries and mint from my garden. 🍹🍃🌱☀️⛅️ #sundayvibes #homesweethome #homemade #kitchenwitch #gingertea #teadrinkers #herbs #homegrown #gardentotable #growthings #sundays #mint #homebrewedtea #nofilter #pnw #pnwitch #gardening #selfcare #happyhome #ball
Ginger can also be made into capsules for health complaints like morning sickness, indigestion, and fever. In dried powder form, people sprinkle it in their bath to soothe sore muscles and body aches.
If you’ve not yet taken the plunge into growing ginger, remember that once you’ve provided it with the optimal environment, it will continue to reward you year after year.
Your comments and tips
Post a comment or question Display Newest first | Oldest first, Show comments for Australia | for all countries 20 Jan 20, Kelly (Australia – temperate climate) Hello I live in Perth any chance of growing outside this will be .? 14 Nov 19, Rachael (Australia – temperate climate) Wash well & freeze-u can scrape the skin off with a teaspoon when frozen, or if the skin isn’t an issue, just grate with a box grater or similar 17 Oct 19, Mr. Nic MILLS (Australia – temperate climate) Dear Sir or Madam, Where in Australia can I buy HEIRLOOM GINGER PLANTS to go in my garden in Newcastle NSW ??? Thanks, Nic ( 0417 657 120 ) By mobile would be the best way to give me the info please. 10 Dec 19, Rachael (Australia – temperate climate) Hi! I live in Newcastle too! I know u mentioned u wanted heirloom ginger (I’m not sure u will get “Heirloom” ginger as such-there are several different varieties of edible ginger though). I just bought mine from the supermarket (if u wanted, u could look for organic ginger in supermarket/farmers market etc.) with signs of tiny shoots (u want to make sure of this as sometimes they can be treated with chemicals that prevent shooting-although it seems producers are not using these chemicals as much these days). If u didn’t want to go the supermarket route, u could try Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery (Kyogle, NSW-they have a mail order service & lots of unusual/rare/interesting fruit/herb/spice plants-I find it near impossible not to buy something when I visit the site!). I’m fairly sure greenharvest.com.au has them. Diggers (Dromana, VIC) may also be another possibility. I just did a quick search “buy edible ginger NSW Australia” & got several hits. I left the rhizome out of the soil for a couple of weeks to let the shoots develop more, then planted it. I would buy your ginger a couple of weeks prior to the beginning of spring so it has time to shoot before planting in early spring, as ginger dies back a couple of weeks into winter in Newcastle. You could bring your plant inside for winter if it’s a possibility for you, as it would allow continuous growth-I would probably have a pretty impressive plant by now if I was able to bring mine inside, as Newcastle winters make the plant completely dormant & slows its growth significantly with it having to “come back” each year. Make sure u water minimally over winter, or your rhizome will rot & not reshoot. I wish I had known that ginger dies back in winter here early on, as my first planting died because I planted it in the middle of summer. It just didn’t get enough growth on to make it through the winter and reshoot! I also suggest you don’t harvest it for at least a couple of years, to get the plant really established (as it takes a LOT out of the plant to reshoot each year). I’ve had mine for about 3 years, & it’s successfully “come back” after 2 winters now. I haven’t harvested anything yet, and don’t plan to for another year or so, just to make sure. I grow mine in a big pot, & it’s quite happy in partial shade (I live in a block of flats). Recently, I saw a YouTube video describing a different method of growing ginger that results in better/quicker production-I think I’m going to give it a go! I think I would start this process around mid winter, so plants have spring/summer to get going before winter. 1. Place the rhizome in a container of moist soil, just barely covered (you still need to be able to see the tuber and what it’s doing) 2. Let it shoot. 3. When the shoots are at least a couple of centimetres long(the bigger the better), the base of the shoot should have a bulbous appearance (yellowish in colour) with little bumps on it that will become roots. 4. When there is a decent number of bumps/developing roots, break this off the rhizome (it should break off easily), and plant so the bulbous part of the shoot is well covered (at least 3cm deep-but depends on size of shoot). Don’t plant too deep, or the shoot could rot. You can always add more soil as the shoot grows to ensure the tuber is well covered. 5. Replant the rhizome and wait for the next shoot, repeating the process until the rhizome doesn’t produce anymore shoots. I would probably try planting the “mother” rhizome as well, as u have nothing to loose-it may grow as well! You could buy several rhizomes at the same time & follow this method-it would result in more plants, just in case some don’t make it through their first winter. Apparently this is a method that many commercial growers use for higher/faster production. Goodluck!!! 18 Oct 19, anon (Australia – sub-tropical climate) I suggest you do some searching on the internet. If you can’t find any go to your supermarket/green grocer and buy some. 16 Oct 19, John (Australia – temperate climate) I’d like to grow ginger in planter boxes in a full sun location. Sydney NSW location. Does ginger tolerate warm to hot soil situations? 19 Nov 19, Gary (Australia – sub-tropical climate) John I feel as long as they have plenty of soil and water. I grow mine in a double bucket arrangement and I do better than a guy up in budrem in the ground. I get about 1.4 to 1.9 kgs per bucket hope this helps. Gary P.s. I’m on Mid Nth Coast region. 18 Oct 19, anon (Australia – sub-tropical climate) Read the notes here about growing it. The first short sentence. 14 Oct 19, Maria (Australia – temperate climate) I want to buy some ginger ideal for planting. In have it planted but I harvested it too soon and the shoot that remained in ground died out and now I can’t get any in my area to plant it again where can I buy some in melb metro area 14 Oct 19, anon (Australia – temperate climate) Read the notes here . You can try to grow it in Melb, but you will have a small crop. Buy from a shop. Showing 1 – 10 of 180 comments
Do you want to start growing ginger in your farm? Learn the modern ginger farming method step-by-step. This is the complete guide to grow ginger for profit answering all the How, Where, When about this cultivation …
Do you know? farming ginger is not a harder task as people told you.
Ginger is one of the most profitable Item to grow in your firm. It is known as one of the hardest crops to cultivate. Although, we have found that it is not harder to grow. In fact, we discover the much easier way to grow ginger in our farm. Here we describe our secret ginger growing method with you.
Guide: Growing ginger for profit Step by step
Most often people don’t know the actual way of cultivation and also confused. But some basic knowledge can easily increase production as well as save valuable time. We encourage you to take notes for future use.
Below you will know the planting to harvest procedure in brief.
How to Start Ginger Farming:
There are several matters which can affect the growth of the ginger root. Although, it does not require much care. But, ginger does not grow in every condition. In this post, we tried to focus on the conditions to start a ginger farm from scratch and common problems and diseases. First, there are some prerequisite things like environmental and soil condition.
Start Ginger Farming
Ginger agriculture is hard because of its growing nature but due to their huge demand for verities of our daily needs, it is very profitable too. Though learning some basics tricks can ease the workflow and shove results.
You may also like to read Start Organic Vegetable Farming , Start Onion Farming -The Complete Guide
Ginger Cultivation Information:
Generally, ginger is known for its pungent and slightly sweet taste in varieties of dishes Around the world, especially in Asia.
It is also being used widely for folk medicine. More than 2.2 million tones of ginger grow in India, China, Nepal, Indonesia, Thailand, Fuji, Jamaica, and Nigeria etc. America and European country import it from mostly China, Brazil, Australia, and Africa.
Dead ginger roots are for sale as the raw materials for ginger powder, oil, squash, biscuits and more. You can grow this valuable rhizome in your garden commercially combined with other crops or flowers. It could be the valuable turning point of your niche farming.
The Best Ginger Growing Method:
Best Ginger Growing Method
There are several methods of growing ginger for commercial and non-commercial reasons. Here we tried to cover all of to provide the total guideline. And we discussed the total farming method incl. preparing soil, planting, caring, harvesting, and storing.
This method is the best ginger growing method for beginners. We tried to focus on all the basic knowledge you will need in the first section.
Let’s start by learning the prefactors (pre-factors)–
Prerequisite Condition or the common factors defined as “the things to know before starting a ginger firm.” This may be silly to learn but still, it adds a lot of value growing ginger commercially. Non-commercial farmers or hobby farmers may not need to worry but who doesn’t love to produce healthy ginger.
Let’s begin to learn the best farming method for beginners…
Where ginger grows rapidly:
Traditionally in sub-continent countries, they are cultivating ginger in the backyard and the hilly areas. In the USA and other countries, Ginger cultivation in normal fields or in a pot is getting more popular day by day. The first thing which will pop up un your mind. What is the best weather condition for ginger farming?
Actually, you can grow it anywhere sunny:
People would say, “Ginger doesn’t grow place like this or that. blah, blah stuff.” But it can grow any dry place where the sunlight reaches and rains moderately. Your determination and hard work can produce the best condition for growing ginger in your land.
Keep reading we will discuss the environmental factors as well as other things below. Also, give tips to make the soil bed in odd environments.
Environmental Factors :
It doesn’t grow in direct sun. It grows well a sheltered place, 2 to 5 hours of direct sunlight. And also need sufficient water from rain or manual watering. Maybe you think this as a barrier? but we don’t think so.
- Using straw on top of your farming bed to prevent direct sunlight as well as store water.
- Planting with some other vegetable (like pigeon pea, cluster bean, bananas) or in the garden can easily provide the filtered sunlight for a perfect environment.
- Planting on hill track or greenhouse can be the commercial solution for that.
Best Soil Preparing Procedure for Planting:
- Ginger rhizome or roots thrive in the loose, rich, moist loamy soil worldwide. In USA hardy zone 9-12 can grow ginger. It needs warm weather cold or heavy rainfall region can’t produce ginger.
- Loamy soil drains water, which inhibits the rhizomes from becoming waterlogged. Thick mulch affords nutrients, preserve water, and aid control weeds.
- Preparing land requires minimum tillage and removal of all grasses. The bed should be about 15 cm high and 1-meter width. And the smallest distance between two rows must be kept at 20 cm.
- Gingers love mildly acidic soils with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5.
Note: In order to grow ginger organically, a buffer zone is required. Depending on your land size you can choose 20 to 50 ft distance from other crops.
Ginger Cultivation Season:
The best time for transplanting ginger rhizomes is in the early spring in the USA and North America. For Africa, Spring and summer and Subcontinent countries which are depending on natural rainfall instead of showers should plant before 2-3 weeks the rainy season starts that is how you can utilize pre-monsoon rain. But note that heavy rainfall can be harmful to your plants.
Choosing and Preparing the best rhizomes for propagation:
Generally, Ginger is propagated by seeds, rhizomes, and tissue culture. Tissue culture is the most productive means of generating the ginger.
For the seeds and tissue culture, we suggest you get in contact with the nearest Govt. Agricultural Service point. Or someone cultivates ginger. Unless simply purchase ginger from the stores.
Notes: Keep them protected from pests and disease and do not treat seed rhizome with any chemicals.
Select dormant rhizome:
After connecting them, keep healthy and fresh parts. If your collected new ginger which does not grow outside thick skin, keep them in direct sunlight for 3-7 days. By saying that what we mean is, let the skin grow yellow-brownish as like old one.
You can plant ginger as they are but cutting them into parts is beneficial.
Cutting for rhizome is easy:
- The ginger plant will take the rhizome as its own root and grow new root form them.
- So, cut the dormant rhizome 2-3 weeks before planting into parts as like potatoes.
- Each part that is cut off to be set must hold at least one eye.
- Ensure each part contains at least 4-6 g weight.
- Cutting size can vary from 1– 3 inches depending on your preference.
- Bigger rhizome holds larger food fo ginger plant.
In this method to grow ginger, rhizome will be distroyed. So cut them as we suggested.
How to Grow Better Seedlings:
How to Grow Better Seedlings:
After selecting the best rhizome. Next, place them aside for several days to enable the split surface region to recover and grow a callus.
Ginger grows gradually, particularly outside. If you are a complete beginner to ginger farming, we will suggest you be patient. However, the sprout might arise within several days if you’re fortunate.
- Continue to water for at least a two weeks. Keep hoping…
- Do not place the bed under direct sun. A movable tray bed is recommended.
- In this stage, It needs 3-4 hour of sunlight in the morning and evening.
- Naturally, one acre of land needs 600 – 800 kg of seed-ginger to sow.
Planting Propagated Rhizomes in the Field:
While farming, roots rhizomes associated with completely rotten animals manure or compost combined with Trichoderma may be inserted in shallow pits. And while planting ginger to germinations provide enough space to grow ginger plant freely.
We suggest diffenent bed to grow seedling.
In this part, we tried to keep a minimum distance of 6 to 8 inches from each other.
- Set the rhizomes 6- 8 inches distant,
- And about 2 – 4 inches beneath, by pointing the growth buds skyward.
- Moreover, You can sow multiple callus together.
- Provide organic fertilizer when creating the bed.
- The ratio between compost and soil should be 80:20.
- It means every 1kg soil consists of 800-gram compost and 200-gram loose soil.
Note: Provide enough spece between them to grow roots.
Tips to grow ginger faster:
The most irritating problem we have found that the root does not grow faster. We want to grow them quickly to meet the market demand. After having a long conversation between successful ginger farmers we came to know something that we are doing wrong. Actually, we experiment most of their tips. As success is badly required. So we suggest you to practics this ginger farming techniques…
- Make sure soil is loose enough to grow ginger roots rapidly.
- Check the ginger root growth and health after two or three months.
- If they are not growing as you expected to taste the soil.
- PH should be maintained in between 6.1 to 6.5.
- And, ginger is very dependent on fertilizer. Follow our guide of fertilization.
Care (Shading, Fertilize and Pest And Disease Control) :
- During the growing phase, it needs reasonably heavy and well-distributed showers.
- Ginger needs 2-5 hours of sunlight again direct sunlight is harmful, using a shade can be handy during hot noon.
- And always weed before fertilizing and mulching. You don’t want to fertilize the unwanted plants.
- When the soil becomes dry, watering is expected to keep the soil moistened, but don’t water to the period of sogginess.
- It should be lessened during the winter time while the plant is dormant and must continue at the opening of spring. Which helps to grow ginger healthy.
- Powerful winds or badly draining loam can cause ginger rootlets stunted or distorted roots.
- It also needs moderate rainfall during showing time till the root sprout and the environment should be dry during the last 4 – 5 weeks before cultivating.
Fertilize the plant each six to eight weeks, using organic fertilize like seaweed extract, fish emulsion. The necessary nutrition it needs to grow ginger are –
- Nitrogen: It is essential for chlorophyll, proteins, and amino acids. It is required in comprehensive portions.
- Phosphorus: It Performs a vital part of respiration. Phosphorus is also critical to the evolution of enzymes, phospholipids, and nucleic acids. It helps early plant vigor and stimulates fresh root extension.
- Potassium: Necessary for yeast activation, osmosis, transpiration, also the opening and closing of the stomates of the leaves.
Pest Detection And Control :
Nematodes, Slugs, and Snails, Leafminers and Mites are the major insects that harm ginger. Needless to say that if Grow ginger for more than one year you will face this dangerous species.
Keeping the ginger field neat and clean is the key to control Pests.
Nematodes: on-segmented roundworms attack the bulb tubers, producing lesions that cause them susceptive to fungal or bacterial attack resulting in the lower increase of plants. Cleanliness helps to destroy the hiding areas of pests.
Slugs and snails: They eat fresh leaves plus the tips of adult leaves. To protect facing slugs and snails.the farming fields by keen sand or bark mulch.
Mites: infestation generally happens in early stages. Insecticidal soap shower can fairly useful against Mites.
Disease syndrome & control:
Soft rot: The most destructive disease, results in the total loss, caused by Pythium spp. Start at The collar region of the pseudostem and progresses upwards as well as downwards.
Control: The infected crop should be eliminated from the bed. Registered chemicals should be practiced.
Damping off: Seedlings can be attacked by mildew.
Control: Which could be avoided overwatering. The infected crop should be eliminated from the bed.
Leaf spot: Coats spots, surrounded by chlorotic corona and extensive neurotic regions including black perithecia in the center.
Control: Registered chemicals should be practiced.
Rust: Reddish-orange spots develop on the bottom of leaves. It infects plants throughout the buried rhizomes.
Control: Infected plants must be extracted and driven out.
When to Harvest Adult Ginger:
Warnings: Do not keep adult ginger under the bed after they are matured. If you do so your ginger losees taste, weight and even rotten.
This is a very important part of ginger farming. You may agree with us that, the success of a profitable farming depends on this. Yet! we think that farmers do not have the right information or knowledge about harvesting. As this differs from other crops.
- It takes about 8-10 months of intense to grasp adulthood.
- Proper harvesting time would be after 8- 10 months of sawing.
- However, collecting ginger for vegetable purpose starts after 6 months
- And yielding when the leaves start turning yellowish is the best practice.
The Proper Storing Process Of Ginger:
Ginger is used in the fresh state or dried state. Cleaned fresh one should be kept in a cold environment in between 10 to 15 °C.
Storing in dried state involves in several steps-
- You need to Clean it carefully using fresh water,
- Dry it under the sun. Cutting them into pieces help it to dry faster.
- The dried substance must be saved as it is, or squashed into powder.
- The stored element can be either in paper bags, glass or in a tin container.
It worth saying the constant cultivation of ginger in the same land may cause low production. After 2-3 years of continuous farming, one year break is mandatory. But using organic compost will be helpful.
Finally, Thanks for being with us, we urge organic farming of our next generation. Hope this article will answer all your question about ginger farming systems. The comment section is wide open for any kind of query and help. Furthermore, bookmark us, sharing in the social profile and your valuable comment will guide and inspire us for publishing more farming articles.
How to Grow Ginger in Uganda
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Planning to start a Ginger growing business in Africa?
…or you’re just a farming enthusiast wishing to try out Ginger planting in your backyard and are now online for tips on how to plant ginger?
Well, the good news is; you don’t have to start from scratch…!
Ginger is known by the scientific name is Zingiber Officinale and in Luganda it is called Entangawuzi.
This Uganda plant has a long history of use for relieving digestive problems such as nausea, loss of appetite, motion sickness and pain. The root or underground stem (rhizome) of the ginger plant can be consumed fresh, powdered, dried as a spice, in oil form or as juice.
Regarding the local market, Ginger is highly demanded here in Uganda, Congo and the Southern Sudan.
The rhizome is mostly sought after for its characteristic Pungent and aromatic smell.
Ginger is grown in tropical and sub tropical regions of the world for its spice and medicinal value.
It’s a perennial herbaceous monocotyledon, usually grown as annual.
On this Uganda agribusiness guide you will find Tips and Techniques that will help you start a successful commercial scale ginger growing project in Africa.
We have included useful information about..:
- Ginger varieties in Uganda
- Soil requirements for Ginger
- How to propagate Ginger
- How to prepare land for planting Ginger
- How to plant Ginger in Uganda
- How to plant Ginger on a small plot of land
- How to mulch and how to control weeds
- How to apply Manure your Ginger plantation
- Ginger diseases to keep an eye on
- How to harvest Ginger in Africa
- Quick Tips for planting Ginger
- Where to buy Ginger Rhizomes for Seed, home consuption or for Industrial use
You also have the opportunity to ask the Plant Guide about growing Ginger in Uganda.
Common Ginger varieties in Uganda
There are two common varieties like the land race with small rhizomes and the hybrid with big rhizomes.
Soil requirements for growing Ginger
Ginger has a wider adaptability for different soils, and for higher yields the soil should be loose, friable and offer minimum resistance to rhizome development.
Like most plants, ginger prefers mildly acidic soils. If soil is alkaline adjust it a pH between 6.1- 6.5 pH using a garden pH kit.
How to propagate Ginger
Ginger is propagated vegetatively from rhizome. Usually seed rhizomes with sprouts or buds are used in planting.
To prepare seeds for planting, you cut the rhizomes into pieces of 2.5-3.7cm with one eye or more.
How to prepare land for planting Ginger in Africa
Ginger can be planted in pots for home or direct to the field for commercial farmers.
Mix garden soil with an equal amount of well rotted compost, this should do you the trick.
Solarize beds and land before planting to remove pets and disease causing organisms.
How to plant Ginger in Uganda
Ginger planting should be done late in the dry season or early wet season in tropical countries like Uganda.
Make sure you select a spot where the plants get plenty of light but not direct sun, and protection from wind.
There two distinct methods of cultivation i.e., 3x1m beds are laid out at a distance of 30-45cm from each other and small shallow pits for planting are then made on the beds at required spacing. Then a handful of cattle manure is applied to each of these pits.
Planting can be done on ridges, a mixture of manure and soil is applied in the form of a 5cm thick ridge. In between the rows 20-25cm apart, seed rhizomes are placed at a required distance in rows and earthen up to make ridges 15-20cm high.
Then the field is given alight irrigation soon after sowing.
How to plant Ginger on a small plot of land
You will use the Dug Up Method to grow commercial scale Ginger on small portion of land.
Planting Ginger using the dug up method is simple and less time consuming.
This relatively new method requires just a little space of land but gives high returns.
Instead of using an acre of land to harvest One (1) ton of ginger you will only need to use well organized portions of land to get the same amount of ginger.
Under the dug up method you dig up holes in your garden that you feel with organic materials and animal waste. You then leave the organic material to rot in the hole to create a soft ground for the ginger to grow.
You have to protect your dug up holes from water logging, direct sunlight and strong winds until the ginger sprouts out.
You could harvest over 10,000 kilograms of ginger from holes you dig on just 1/4 acre of land.
You will NOT need a huge chunk of land to grow ginger on commercial scale with this dug up method
How to mulch and control weeds on your Ginger plantation
Mulching ginger with green leaves is essential to enhance germination of seed rhizomes, mulching also helps to controll weeds.
It helps to add organic matter and conserve moisture during later part of the cropping season.
Mulch again the plant on the 40th and 90th day after planting.
Use of lantana camara in mulching may reduce the infestation of shoot borer.
You will have to weed your ginger according to the intensity of weed growth.
How to apply Manure in your Ginger Garden
Application of well rotten cow dung or compost at 5-6 tones per hectare may be made as a basal dose while planting the rhizome in the pits.
Coffee husks are also good fertilizers for the ginger crop. An acre can take about 3 to 6 Lorries. The husks can be applied before planting. They are spread out evenly in the whole field and then covered with soils.
Phosphate is also another good fertilizer; an acre requires a supply of about 50kg. These are mixed in the soils at planting.
Ginger diseases to watch out for, in your garden
Watch out for Soft rot or rhizome rot. When selecting your planting area avoid water lodged areas because they predispose Ginger plants to infection.
The solarisation of soil you do at the time of bed preparation can reduce fungal infection.
Trichoderma a biocontrol agent against fungal diseases of plants could also be used to control fungal infections.
You can also carefully affected rhizomes from your garden.
Ginger harvesting and post harvest handlin in Africa
Ginger is ready for harvest in 8-10 months depending upon the maturity of the variety. When fully mature, leaves turn yellow and start drying up gradually untill thy drop off.
It’s during this stage that clumps of ginger are lifted carefully with a spade or digging fork.
Separate rhizomes from dried leaves, roots and adhering soil.
It is advisable to leave the crop unharvested for the first year and it sprouts again and is harvested at the second year. In this way, the yields increase.
The Ginger yield will depend on many factors; like fertility of the soils, supply of rains, and others but if all goes well, an acre can produce about 2 to 8 tons and a hectare could produce 15-25 tones using the convential planting methods.
Quick Tips for planting Ginger in Uganda
- Choose ginger roots that are plump and free of wrinkles, with visible eyes at the end of the fingers.
- Cut the rhizomes into pieces but should be with sanitized knife into pieces of 2.5-3.75 cm.
- After cutting, leave the pieces in dry location for a few days to allow them to heal (this enables them to form a protective collus over the cut surface which reduces the risk of infestation).
- Open up shallow pits for planting, if you are planting bigger sizes of rhizomes plant them 10 cm deep and for the small ones 5cm.
- Alternatively you can open up shallow trenches in rows, then place seed rhizomes at a required distance in rows and earthen up to make ridges 15-20cm high.
- Then give the field a light irrigation soon after sowing. Mulch to conserve the moisture.
- Harvest your ginger in 8-10 months after planting.
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