- What Is Fenugreek – Fenugreek Plant Care And Growing Guide
- What is Fenugreek?
- How to Grow Fenugreek Herbs
- HOW TO GROW FENUGREEK (METHI)
- Fenugreek Plant Care and Requirements
- Learn How to Grow Fenugreek in your garden or containers in your balcony. Growing fenugreek is easy. This quick growing vegetable is full of nutrients.
- How to Grow Fenugreek
- Growing Fenugreek in Containers
- Harvesting Fenugreek
- Fenugreek Uses
- Growing Methi Leaves In Pots (Fenugreek):
- Basis Requirements and care for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots
- Season for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Location for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Suitable Climate for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Soil For Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- How to Grow Fenugreek in Pots or Ground?
- Suitable Container for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Propagating Methods for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Sowing steps for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Water requirement for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Fertilizer requirement for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots Pots:
- Sunlight requirement for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Pests and Diseases in Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Diseases the affect Fenugreek/Methi plants are:
- Harvesting of Methi Leaves:
- How to store fresh Methi Leaves for a long time:
- The method for storing Methi leaves is given below:
- Making Fenugreek Sprouts
- Related posts:
- Growing Methi Leaves In Pots (Fenugreek):
What Is Fenugreek – Fenugreek Plant Care And Growing Guide
Growing fenugreek herbs isn’t difficult and the plant, which produces white or purplish flowers that turn into interesting yellow pods, is an attractive addition to the garden. Let’s learn how to grow fenugreek.
What is Fenugreek?
Native to southern Europe and Asia, fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) has been cultivated for centuries as a spice and for its medicinal qualities. Herbal fenugreek is used to treat a variety of conditions, including coughs, sore throat, bronchitis, constipation and minor skin irritations.
In the kitchen, fresh fenugreek leaves are cooked like spinach and tangy, mustard-yellow fenugreek seeds are used as a spice, often in Middle Eastern dishes. Dried or fresh fenugreek leaves are brewed into a flavorful tea.
How to Grow Fenugreek Herbs
Fenugreek plants thrive in full sunlight and cool temperatures. Fenugreek is grown in spring in warm climates, but can be grown all summer where summers are mild.
Plant fenugreek seeds directly in the garden after frost danger has passed in spring, as the plants don’t tolerate transplanting. The soil should be well drained, and should be amended with compost or well-rotted manure before planting.
Fenugreek is relatively drought tolerant once established, but should be watered during dry periods when first planted. Remove weeds regularly; otherwise, they compete with herbal fenugreek for moisture and nutrients.
Harvest fenugreek leaves as desired throughout the summer. You can also place fresh leaves in an airtight container and store them in the freezer. Fresh leaves retain their quality for up to a month.
If you’re growing fenugreek for the seeds, uproot entire plants in early to mid-fall and hang them in a cool, dry location until the seeds are dry. Remove the dry seeds from the pods and store them in an airtight container. The seeds retain their quality best when stored in a cool, dry cupboard.
As you can see, fenugreek plant care is easy and makes a great addition to your herb garden.
HOW TO GROW FENUGREEK (METHI)
FENUGREEK GROWING FACTS:
Fenugreek, also known as Methi, is an aromatic plant that has many uses, both culinary and medicinal. When it comes to gardening, fenugreek has always been considered one of those perfect-for-beginners plants. You can even engage your kids in the project. Fast growth and speedy results will help your kits develop an interest in gardening.
GIY KIT CONTENTS:
HOW TO PLANT:
Fill your pot with the given growing medium. Wet the growing medium with water to provide the right environment for seeds to germinate.
Sow the seeds ¼ inches deep and cover with growing medium. Sow the seeds 2 inches apart to allow proper plant growth.
Keep the growing medium moist by spraying water daily.
Fenugreek seeds will sprout quickly and you’ll see seedlings just within 3 – 5 days.
Fenugreek Day # 10
Water the fenugreek plants gently and thoroughly. Check the soil once or twice each day for moisture loss. Regular watering early in the day is advised. Keep the soil moist but not soggy or drenched. You may have to water twice a day in summer months.
TRANSPLANTING AND GROWTH:
When the seedlings start showing their true leaves and have 3-5 set of leaves, it is time to transplant. Fenugreek seedlings are sensitive to root disturbance, so be extra careful when transplanting the plant. In order to reduce root disturbance, transplant your entire biodegradable kit to a larger pot or open space.
Your fenugreek plant can grow up to 6-8 inches tall.
In order for plants to grow well, it’s important to provide the right nutrients. Every GIY kit contains organic micronutrients. Use them as per instructions. Apply the fertilizer directly to soil around plant root zone.
In about 30 to 40 days, fenugreek shoots can be picked for use. When harvesting, use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the stems. Always snip off only one-third of the leaves from each plant, allowing the rest of the plant to continue growing. Harvest the fenugreek greens until the plants start growing flowers. As the plant starts flowering, fenugreek acquires a bitter taste.
Fenugreek plant flowering
Image Courtesty: TrekNature
If you’ve enjoyed growing fenugreek greens at home and want to try your hand at harvesting the seeds, then cultivating fenugreek seeds is almost as easy as growing it.
For seed collection, let your plant go into the flowering stage, about 40-60 days after planting. Once the plant flowers, it will start producing long green pods, about 50-70 days after planting.
Fenugreek plant growing pods
Image Courtesy: T-Online
Harvest the pods after the plant dries up and turns yellow. Snap the pods off the stems and open the pods for yellow-brown fenugreek seeds. Regrow the seeds for more homegrown Fenugreek.
INSECTS AND DISEASES:
Leaf Miner and sucking insects can affect plant growth. The best way to control these pests is to remove them by hand. You can also use a mixture of Neem Oil (2-3 ml) and water (1 lit.) and spray the plant weekly to prevent them.
Root rot (Rhizoctonia solani) is a serious disease for fenugreek plant. Damping off, which refers to the rotting of stem and root tissues at an below the soil surface can also occur. Avoid overwatering and check the pot drainage. You can use the above mentioned mixture of Neem oil avoid diseases.
Fenugreek is an excellent source of vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6 and C, folic acid, iron, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and potassium.
Fenugreek Plant Care and Requirements
Learn How to Grow Fenugreek in your garden or containers in your balcony. Growing fenugreek is easy. This quick growing vegetable is full of nutrients.
Fenugreek or ‘Methi’ is native to Southwest Asia and widely cultivated for its medicinal and culinary uses. It’s an all purpose plant. Seeds are used as a spice, dried leaves as a herb, and fresh and tender leaves as a green leafy vegetable. It tastes little sweet with a touch of bitterness like mustard greens or bok choy. It can be a healthy alternative of spinach and any other greens.
USDA ZONES: All the zones as a seasonal crop
Growing Season: Spring, summer, and fall (year-round in warm climates, i.e., USDA Zone 9-11)
Growing fenugreek is easy, whether you live in a warm climate or cool, both on grounds or in containers. You can also grow it indoors on windowsills in small pots. You can also plant it in your balcony vegetable garden or patio, terrace, and rooftop with lettuce, spinach, and other greens.
How to Grow Fenugreek
Create a fenugreek bed with cilantro or grow it alone. You can cultivate it from seeds. It’s easy even for beginners.
Sow seeds ¼ inches deep in a good potting mix or soil in the desired spot or container when all the dangers of frost are passed, and the weather starts to warm up (for cool climate).
Remember, fenugreek hates to be transplanted. Leave 2 inches of space for each plant while sowing seeds. They’ll sprout quickly, and you’ll see seedlings just within 2-5 days.
Note: Buy best quality seeds from the garden center or online. You can also buy it from grocery stores or spice shops as its seeds are sold as a spice but beware of poor germination rate.
You can directly sow seeds but if you’ve bought them from grocery stores, soak them overnight to increase germination rate before planting.
Growing Fenugreek in Containers
You can grow fenugreek in containers. It’s similar to any other green vegetable. Take a shallow but wide planter at least 6-8 inches deep with good drainage. Fenugreek has shallow roots so it won’t mind the low depth.
Fill the pot with rich potting mix. You can mix a 1/3 part compost or well-rotted cow or horse manure to it. Sprinkle seeds all over the pot and dust a thin quarter inch layer of soil briskly to cover them. Leave 1-2 inch of spacing between seeds. Don’t care about the spacing of seeds if you’re growing fenugreek as a microgreen.
Also Read: Best Microgreens You Should Grow
Growing Climate and Temperature
- Fenugreek grows well in a warm and hot climate when the temperature ranges from 50 to 90 F (10 C to 32 C).
- When planting it for seeds, grow it in spring or early summer. If you’re cultivating it to use as a vegetable or herb, then you can plant it anytime between spring to mid-fall.
- If you live in zone 9-11 or any warm place with frost-free winters outside the U.S., grow fenugreek year round.
Also Read: Best Basil Varieties for your Kitchen
Fenugreek prefers neutral to slightly alkaline soil with pH level around 6.5-8.2. Plant it in a spot that receives at least 4-5 hours of direct sun with shade in the afternoon. Prefer a sunny spot if you’re growing it in a climate where is not intense and the weather is cold.
Do regular watering to keep the soil slightly moist. Care not to over-water the fenugreek plant and avoid waterlogged soil. This will impede the growth and kill your plant.
If you’re growing fenugreek indoors or in a shady area, be vigilant about watering.
Fenugreek does not require a lot of fertilizer. At the time of planting, you can mix manure or compost or time-based fertilizer in the soil, and that will keep it growing for a few weeks. Also, feed the plant with balanced liquid fertilizer, every other week for more robust growth.
Pests and Diseases
Fenugreek does not have many pests and diseases. Some pests and diseases that affect it are aphids, powdery mildew, charcoal rot, and root rot. You can easily save your plant from these problems by using organic pesticides regularly and watering properly.
In favorable conditions, within 20-30 days fenugreek will be ready for the first harvest. Trim the leaves gently to use as a leafy vegetable and prepare delicious recipes or air dry it to use as a herb. Leave the twigs, which will grow up again in 15 days. You can do this up to four times. To harvest fenugreek seeds, you will have to wait for 2-4 months, depending on the growing conditions.
It’s hot aroma like pepper and crunchy sour and sweet flavor gives it a distinctive taste, which you can’t compare with other vegetables. It is popularly used in Indian, Persian, Egyptian and Ethiopian cuisines, to prepare tastiest recipes. Fresh seeds are used to sprinkle on salad and dried seeds in pickles.
Still best known in Britain for the aromatic seeds that form the basis of countless curry powders and spice mixes, the tasty fresh greens of fenugreek have somehow remained below our foodie radar. But in fact this exotic eastern vegetable is as delicious as it is foolproof to grow, and Britain should embrace it.
Its fresh herby flavour has made it a staple vegetable in India and Nepal, more interesting than spinach but without the pungent fieriness of rocket or watercress.
Yet despite its enormous popularity in curry-house cuisine (if you ever see the word “methi” on a menu, that is it) tracking down fresh fenugreek leaves in the UK can be tricky. It is imported in loose bunches and displayed unrefrigerated on the shelves of Asian grocers, and nine times out of 10 the leaves are well beyond their best.
Fortunately for greedy gardeners, getting hold of viable seeds is far less difficult. Scan the spice section of any good supermarket and you’ll get a canister of hundreds of them for a couple of quid or less. Sprinkle them over a patch of well-drained soil in full sun, rake over, water in well and you are all set.
The seeds germinate quickly to form a low mat of clover-shaped leaves about 30cm high, which makes a pretty groundcover between taller, widely spaced crops, such as tomatoes or sweetcorn. This not only gives you two crops from the same space, but also significantly cuts down on your need to weed. Add to that the pretty white flowers that pop up in summer, which bees love, and the fact that fenugreek roots are capable of fixing nitrogen in the soil to naturally fertilise the crops around them. All this makes the crop a perfect all-rounder.
Get growing: scan the spice section of any good supermarket and you’ll get fenugreek seeds for a couple of quid. Photograph: Alamy
Fenugreek’s aromatic leaves also take well to being hacked back in a cut-and-come-again fashion, with regular harvesting of greens down to 10cm above ground level encouraging the plant to kick out new flushes of fresh, young greens right up to the first frosts.
Last year a 2x2m raised bed underplanted with fenugreek supplied my family of four with an almost inexhaustible supply of spinach-like greens. They work just as well in sag aloos and dals as they do sautéed with garlic and lemon or stirred into pasta sauces. What’s more they are rich in iron, vitamins, fibre and antioxidants. Surely it’s only a matter of time before marketeers make this the next “must-have” superfood.
Email James at [email protected] or follow him on Twitter @Botanygeek
Growing Methi Leaves In Pots (Fenugreek):
The below information is about Growing Methi Leaves In Pots.
Fenugreek/Methi (TrigonellaFoenum-Graecum) is an annual growing herbal plant, Fenugreek is native to the Mediterranean and Asia regions. Growing Fenugreek leaves from seeds is very easy process, you can grow in Pots or in the garden bed. The Fenugreek/Methi is an all-purpose plant. Methi Seeds are used as spice, dried leaves as herb and fresh small leaves as vegetables. This article will give you complete information about growing Methi/Fenugreek plants in Pots. The fresh Fenugreek leaves (Methi greens) are used for culinary mainly in Indian dishes and Fenugreek/Methiseeds are used as spice powders. Even the dried Fenugreek/Methi leaves are used in cooking as a spice. The dried Fenugreek/Methi leaves are known as KasuriMethi or kastoori Methi. India is the largest producer of Fenugreek. And both the greens and seeds of Fenugreek plants have many health benefits.
Fenugreek or ‘Methi’ is widely grown in Asian countries for many decades and is widely cultivated for its medicinal and culinary purposes. It tastes of these seeds and green will be like spinach or even much better.
Growing Fenugreek in a container is very easy process, Methi grows well in all regions, sub-tropical or tropical, temperate or colder regions. You can grow them easily on windowsills in small pots, on a balcony or terrace.
Growing green leafy vegetables and herbs in Pots is the very easy and successful gardening when compared to all other vegetable gardening experiences, because as they grow very fast – and the harvesting period will be less 30 days even if you grow from seeds. And they don’t even need more care or feed, just need good quality soil, water with suitable growing environment. The Methi/Fenugreek grows well in USDA Zones: 8b – 11, can be grown below Zone 8 in summer. Methi/Fenugreek plants grow well in spring and summer season and if growing in tropical region you can grow Methi/Fenugreek round the year.
The Fenugreek/Methi plant can grow up to 60 cm height. It has three-lobed triangular leaves, hence the generic name trigonell. The plant also produces yellow flowers which produce beans containing Fenugreek seeds. The Fenugreek/Methi grows very quickly.
- Scientific Name for Fenugreek/Methi: TrigonellaFoenum-Graecum
- Common Names for Fenugreek/Methi:Trigonellafoenum-graecum (botanical name), Methi, Samudra,shanbalile, abesh, hilbeh, hilba, helba, halbaMethi, Greek Hay, Foenugreek, Fenigreek, Bird’s Foot, Hilba, Trigonella, Cow’s Horn, and Goat’s Horn, etc.
- Methi/Fenugreek belongs to the family of: TrigonellaFoenum-Graecum.
Basis Requirements and care for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots
- An organic fertile, well-drained soil with a pH level around 6 – 7. And location you place the container should receive at least 4 hours of sun with shade in the afternoon. Water the plant at regular intervals and dry out the soil between the watering sessions and don’t over water the plant which leads to root rot. The Fenugreek plant doesn’t require fertilizer, but enriching the potting mix with manure or compost in soil while planting will increase the growth of leaves.
Season for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Fenugreek is warm crop and grows well in spring to early autumn seasons when the soil temperature is warm. Ideal temperature for growing Fenugreek/Methi should range between 10 to 30°C (50 to 90 °F).
- In colder regions, you can start Methi/Fenugreek seeds in indoors 5 weeks before the last frost of the season.
- Ideal Season for growing Methi in Pots: June – July and October – November.
Location for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Fenugreek plant thrives well in full sun to part shade.
- Fenugreek prefers a warm, moist spot in partial shade, and grows well in full sun.
- Fenugreek/Methi can be grown in balconies, back yards, front yards and on terrace garden.
- Fenugreek plants grow well in indoor, place them near a window where you receive good amount of light.
Suitable Climate for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Fenugreek is a warm crop and loves the warm and hot climate, and the temperature should range from 10°C to 32°C.
- If you are planning to grow Fenugreek from seed, spring is the ideal season for germination.
- If you are growing Methi to use as a vegetable or herb, then you can sow the seeds anytime between spring to mid fall.
- In USDA zone 9-11, these plants can be grown round the year.
Soil For Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Methi thrives well in a neutral to slightly acid (pH 6.0-7.0) soil.
- If using gardening soil for growing, mix the soil with river sand to increase its draining capability.
- Enrich the soil with lots of organic material like compost (composting) and well-rotted manure to make the soil fertile.
- Using good quality commercial potting soil, instead of gardening soil.
How to Grow Fenugreek in Pots or Ground?
You can grow Fenugreek/Methiin Pots and ground. The main advantage of growing Methi in a container is that it can be easily moved to indoors in the case of frost.
Suitable Container for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- The Fenugreek/Methi needs a large sized container for growing. The Methi plants grow vigorously, and most of them grow by their own.
- Don’t use shallow container, the roots of the plant may spread out from the bottom of the container. Shallow container can weaken plants or cause uneven root spread.
- For growing Methi/Fenugreek the size of the container should be 8 inches or more in diameter and depth of the container should be 10 to 12 inches, Fenugreek/Methiplants need enough space to expand.
- The container should have 2 to 3 draining holes. And sterile the container with warm water and antiseptic soap before using. And fill the bottom layer of the container with a thin layer of gravel.
- And place a saucer under the container to control the water overflow and to maintain soil temperature.
- Use the Pots made of clay, terracotta, plastic or wood for growing methi.
Propagating Methods for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
Fenugreek/methods can be propagated from seed and growing from transplants is not a successful process. Sow the seeds directly in the potting soil to a depth of 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 inches) allowing 7.5 cm (3 in) between individual plants and 20–45 cm (8–18 in) between rows.
Sowing steps for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Fenugreek/Methi plants don’t like transplanting they may die if you disturb their roots. Sow the seeds directly into the desired container.
- Buy good quality seeds from a garden shop or nursery centers, use the seeds from your previous crop. Even you can grow them from the Fenugreek/Methi seeds you get from the Indian grocery shop.
- Soak the Fenugreek/Methi seeds overnight before planting them. Soaking the seeds overnight before planting will fasten the seed germination and also increases the success rate of germination.
- Fill a glass bowl/glass with warm temperature and soak the seeds and leave them there overnight. Next day, drain the water, before planting and place them on paper towel.
- Fill the container with commercial potting soil enriched with compost and well-rotted manure, leave 2 to 3 inch space between the soil surface and rim of the container.
- Now sprinkle seeds on the surface of the potting soil. The seeds don’t need sown evenly or perfectly spaced, just sprinkle them. Spacing between the plants is not required.
- And Cover the seeds with the potting soil. The Fenugreek/Methi seeds need not to be buried very deep in the soil. Just cover the seeds with a thin layer of potting soil make sure that the seeds get air and light.
- Water the seeds deeply. For the seeds to germinate you need to water at regular intervals. Make sure that the potting soil is evenly moist.
- Over watering can drain away the seeds, keep the soil well misted throughout the germination process.
- The seeds start sprouting in 6 to 7 days after sowing, depending on the climate.
- In frost regions, start the seeds in indoors 5 weeks prior to the last frost of the season. And the seedlings can be transplanted outdoors when the soil temperature is around 15°C.
Water requirement for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Keep the soil moist, but do not over-water.
- Fenugreek/Methi plants need lots of water to survive. Maintain a constant moisture level in the potting soil.
- Check the moisture levels regularly, Insert the finger 2-inch-deep into the soil. If you feel the soil is dry, water to the plants. If the soil is wet don’t water the plants.
- In hot and dry weathers, methi plant should be watered several times in a day. In winter water the plants as per the moisture levels in the soil.
- The plants die, if soil is kept dry for longer intervals
- Over watering or under watering may turn the Methi leaves bitter.
Fertilizer requirement for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots Pots:
- Feed the Fenugreek plants with fish emulsion spray regularly.
- Side dress the surface of the soil with compost of tea or vegetable composts for the healthy growth of leaves.
- You can fertilize the plant with all-purpose mild organic fertilizer to fasten the growth of the plant.
Sunlight requirement for Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
- Methi plants grow well in full sun to partial shade.
- Provide 5 to 6 hours of sunlight during growing season.
- Mid sun in heavy summer seasons can harm the plants, during high summers place the container in the shade.
- If grown in indoors, plants need full light for growing. Place them near windows or growing lights.
Pests and Diseases in Growing Methi Leaves In Pots:
Fenugreek plants are less affected to pests and diseases. Common pests that attacks plants are aphids and spider mites and diseases that affect are powdery mildew, charcoal rot and root rot. You can use organic pesticides regularly and watering regularly to protect the plant from these problems
Diseases the affect Fenugreek/Methi plants are:
- Cercospora leaf spot. It is a fungal disease; the symptoms are circular skin lesions with some holes on the leaves of the plant. This disease discolored the pods. This can be caused to poor quality seeds, use some organic fungicides to protect from this disease.
- Charcoal rot: it is fungal diseases, the symptoms are discoloring of vines and cankers on the stems. And these diseases make leaf wilt and causes leaf drop. Use commercial organic potting soil along with well-rotted manure or Neem cake to protect the plant for these fungal diseases.
- Powdery mildew: White, powdery spots under the leaves and stems which spread over times, sometime yellow spots are also visible under the leaves. This is cause to insufficient sunlight and shady conditions and poor air circulation
- To protect the plants from disease, avoid the stress plants with adequate irrigation and fertilizer; overcrowding can also cause stress in plants.
Harvesting of Methi Leaves:
- Harvesting period of Methi leaves 30-35 days. Just pick the Fenugreek leaves on the top of the plants whenever you need. Regular picking will encourage growth of new leaves, harvesting fresh leaves for every 2 weeks.
- Harvesting Fenugreek Seeds: for harvesting seeds, continue watering and fertilizing plants till they die. The plants produce blooms after that they produce seed pods. And collect these seed pods and dry them to extract the seeds. Dry the seed pods in sun for 10 to 15 days. Store these pods for sowing the seeds for next time.
- Store these Methi seeds in an airtight container and keep in a dry, dark spot.
How to store fresh Methi Leaves for a long time:
- Fenugreek leaves can be stored fresh for many months, they stay fresh as new one, without change in their color, taste or flavor.
The method for storing Methi leaves is given below:
- Harvest fresh Fenugreek leaves of your plants.
- Now Chop the leaves roughly and wrap in aluminum foil lightly. Make 2-3 such packets.
- And place these packets in a Ziplock bag and freeze it.
- For usage just take out a packet, open it and wash and use.
- Don’t wash leaves after harvesting. As the moisture in the leaves will cause rot in steams. To reduce moisture in the leaves, don’t wash them before chopping.
Making Fenugreek Sprouts
Sprouting the Methi seeds at home is not a tough process. It’s very simple, just fill a glass with clean water and put Methi seeds in it after 2 to 3 min, Drain the water and cover seeds with a muslin cloth or paper towel and leave in a dark place. The seeds start to sprout in 2-3 days.
Methi leaves and seeds are commonly used in Indian kitchens are an integral part of the diets of diabetic patients. Though slightly bitter in taste, methi is liked by many people. Once the seeds are sown, tiny seedlings come up in a couple of days and your methi crop is ready in almost 20days. Growing methi is as easy as this. If you are a budding gardener, there’s no better way than to start!
Season: The good season to plant the fenugreek seeds is when the climate is sunny and hot. Sow them immediately after winter is over. Since the crop grows in hot climates, regular watering is also necessary.
Location Constraints: As the plants are very small and occupy very little space it is very advantageous to cultivate fenugreek in your balcony, patio or any such place in your apartment or house. Fill up the pot with well drained soil so that the water doesn’t stagnate and place it in a sunny spot.
Sunlight: Not just 6 or 8hours but methi needs a continuous supply of bright sunlight to thrive. Though it needs shade too, natural sunlight favours your methi crop. If the day temperature dips or there isn’t enough light, ensure the pots stay in dim daylight atleast.
Spacing: Fenugreek seeds should be sown directly into soil with not more than 0.5cms deep and 20cms apart. Though the leaves grow bushy, the roots are very fragile and shallow. So spacing will never be a problem. Just ensure you don’t sow too many seeds making the pot messy.
Growth: Germination of methi seeds happens within a week. Unlike other herbs it grows on damp soil hence generous watering should be done after seeding. Excess watering may cause the seeds to die. It does not like to be transplanted from pot to soil, so keep growing them wherever you have sown the seeds.
Height and Spreading: Fenugreek may grow to about 60cms tall with white or yellow flowers and long yellow seedpods after the flowering stage. If you find pale coloured leaves with weak pods, pick them off without delay and sow new seeds.
Temperature: Warm and hot temperatures are required for the seeds of fenugreek to germinate and grow appropriately. Although it can take a little chilly weather there is always a danger of pod drying. Large leaved methi dies in cold weather but the smaller leaves continue to grow.
Watering: Lesser amounts but frequent watering is mandatory for methi seeds to grow and develop. After seeding and correct watering the results start showing in less than a week’s time. At the same time, water stagnation induces a lot of problems in the crop.
Nutrient Management: Fenugreek, even though a legume should be checked for its nitrogen fixation process. To check if the plant is fixing nitrogen carefully check the roots for pink coloured nodules. If the nodules are missing, try using nitrogen based organic fertiliser. Weak plants produce dull flavoured leaves and seeds which cannot be used at all.
Pest Management: Methi is usually pest free. However, damp soil can cause the roots to rot. After sowing the seeds, care should be taken to avoid birds eating the seeds digging into your pot or container. Use a net to prevent bird attacks.
Harvesting: After 5 to 6 weeks, methi leaves are ready for harvest. Lush green leaves fill up the pot making it a visual treat to watch. If there are flowers then they might be used to collect seeds to sow back again for germination.
Uses and health benefits: Though a little bitter, methi is a powerhouse of nutrition. Regular consumption of methi seeds keeps diabetes under control by regulating blood sugar levels. Fenugreek is widely used in beauty products like scrubs, face washes, scar removal creams, pimple creams and anti-aging lotions. If you wish to glow every day, you know what to do!
Additional Information:If methi seeds are too bitter to be used in cooking, you can roast them a little before adding them to a dish. The roasting process reduces the bitterness.