How do cabbages grow?

A cabbage is a consumable item, which can be obtained either by growing it on a Farming patch or by picking it in various areas around Gielinor. Eating a cabbage restores 1 Hitpoint.

Cabbage is also an ingredient in a garden pie.

A cabbage (not picked from Draynor Manor) is used in the Black Knight’s Fortress quest.

If cabbages are brought to Lunderwin at the Zanaris marketplace, they can be sold for 100 coins each (they must be unnoted).

Cabbage patches

  • South of Falador
  • The Edgeville Monastery
  • North of Rimmington
  • Miscellania
  • Varrock, near the south gate

Draynor cabbages

Draynor cabbages can only be found at the western patch inside the grounds of Draynor Manor. These are slightly darker in appearance and cannot be sold on the Grand Exchange, but are tradeable and otherwise identical to normal cabbages.

When consumed, the player receives a message saying: “You eat the cabbage. It seems to taste nicer than normal.” and their Defence level will be temporarily boosted by either 1 (if the player’s level is between 1 and 49) or 2 (if it is 50+). This makes them one of the only consumable items to boost defence in free-to-play worlds (the other being the kebabs, although there is only a 4% chance of a boost).


A player is able to farm a cabbage at level 7 Farming. You gain 10 experience for planting the seed and 11.5 experience for harvesting the cabbage. It takes 40 minutes for the cabbage to fully grow. You can also have a farmer watch your cabbages for 1 sack of onions.


  • Lumbridge Castle cellar


  • When you try to exchange cabbages into noted cabbages at the Falador farming patches, the tool leprechaun complains about cabbages and says to take them away.
  • During the Black Knights’ Fortress quest, if the player uses a Draynor cabbage on the witch’s potion, a message appears, saying: “This is the wrong sort of cabbage”, to which the player adds: “I’m not supposed to be helping the witch you know…”.
  • It is possible to obtain three cabbages as a master clue scroll reward.
  • If a player has died in every challenge in the Theatre of Blood, they will only receive a cabbage as a reward from the chest in Verzik Vitur’s treasure vault, along with a message that reads We are most displeased with your performance. Are you even trying?
  1. Jagex. Mod Kieren’s Twitter account. 12 July 2016. Mod Kieren: “Mega rare table – same chance as getting on the 3a table.”
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Cabbage is a cool-weather crop. Grow cabbage in spring so that it comes to harvest before the summer heat or start cabbage in mid to late summer so that it comes to harvest during the cool days of autumn, winter, or early spring.

  • Start seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost in spring.
  • Place cabbage transplants in the garden when they are 3 to 4 inches tall as early as 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost in spring.
  • Direct sow seed outdoors when the soil can be worked in spring.
  • In mild-winter regions, start seed in late summer for a winter or spring harvest.

Where to Grow Cabbage

  • Grow cabbage in soil rich in organic matter that is well-drained. Prepare planting beds ahead of planting by covering beds with 2 to 3 inches of aged compost or commercial organic planting mix and turning it under to 12 inches deep.
  • Cabbage grows best where the soil pH is between 6.5 and 6.8.
  • If clubroot disease has been a problem, adjust the soil pH to 7.0 or slightly higher by adding lime.
  • Add plenty of well-aged compost to planting beds before planting. In regions where the soil is sandy or where there is heavy rain, supplement the soil with nitrogen.
  • Adding a moderate amount of nitrogen-rich blood meal or cottonseed meal to the soil ahead of planting will enhance leafy growth.

How to Grow Cabbage: Start seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost in spring. Sow seed outdoors when the soil can be worked in spring.

Cabbage Planting Time

  • Cabbage grows best in regions where there is a long, cool growing season with temperatures between 45° and 75°F.
  • Cabbage can tolerate frost and briefly temperatures as low as 20°F.
  • Cabbage will bolt and go to seed in temperatures greater than 80°F.
  • Start seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost in spring.
  • Sow seed outdoors when the soil can be worked in spring.
  • Place transplants in the garden when they are 3 to 4 inches tall as early as 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost in spring.
  • In cool-summer regions, plant cabbage in late spring for a fall harvest.
  • In mild-winter regions, start seed in late summer—about 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost–for a winter or spring harvest.
  • Cabbage comes to harvest in 80 to 180 days from seed and in 60 to 105 days from transplants depending upon the variety.

Spring cabbage starting tips: Plant Spring Cabbage in Fall.

Transplant cabbage to the garden when plants are 4 to 6 weeks old with 4 to 5 true leaves. These seedlings are protected from birds and cutworms.

Cabbage Planting and Spacing

  • Sow cabbage seeds a ½ inch deep spaced 1 inch apart; thin plants to 18 to 24 inches apart.
  • Transplant cabbage to the garden when plants are 4 to 6 weeks old with 4 to 5 true leaves.
  • Set leggy or crooked stemmed plants deeply; you can bury 1 to 2 inches of the main stem even up to just below the top two sets of leaves.
  • Space seedlings 18 to 24 inches apart in rows 24 to 36 inches apart. You can space plants closer but the heads will be smaller at maturity.
  • In early spring plant cabbage through black plastic or garden fabric set in place to warm the soil. Cut an x in the fabric to set out transplants.
  • Plant succession crops every two weeks or plant seeds and transplant at the same time or plant early and midseason varieties at the same time so that they come to harvest at different times.
  • Plant 4 to 8 cabbage plants for each household member.

More tips: Cabbage Seed Starting Tips.

Container Growing Cabbage

  • A cabbage will grow easily in a container at least 8 inches deep and wide.
  • In large containers grow cabbage on 12-inch centers.
  • Keep the soil evenly moist, do not let the soil go dry and do not overwater.
  • Feed cabbage growing in containers with compost tea or a dilute solution of fish emulsion every two weeks.

Watering and Feeding Cabbage

  • Cabbage requires regular, even watering. Uneven watering can result in stunted or cracked heads. Give cabbage 1 to 1½ inches of water every week; 1 inch equal 16 gallons.
  • As plants reach maturity, cut back on watering to avoid splitting heads.
  • Fertilize cabbage at midseason when plants are established with a high nitrogen fertilizer such as 10-5-5 or feed plants a dilute solution of fish emulsion every two weeks.

Companion Plants for Cabbage

  • Grow cabbage with beets, celery, fragrant herbs, onions, potatoes; avoid pole beans, strawberries, tomatoes.

Caring for Cabbage Care

  • Mulch around cabbage—especially in warm weather—to preserve soil moisture and keep the soil cool in warm weather.
  • Cabbage heads will split when they grow too fast and take up too much water.
  • To prevent this damage, twist heads a quarter turn to separate some roots and interrupt water uptake a week in advance of harvest.
  • If heads are small at harvest, add nitrogen to the soil next season and plant earlier.

Cabbage Pests

  • Cabbage can be attacked by cutworms, cabbage loopers (preceded by small yellow and white moths), imported cabbage worms, cabbage root maggots, slugs, and aphids.
  • Place a protective collar around young plants to exclude cutworms.
  • Handpick loopers and worms and destroy them or spray with insecticidal soap or Bacillus thuringiensis.
  • Cabbage maggots are the larvae of a fly. Plant radishes near cabbages to repel the flies. Place row covers over seedlings or plant through the garden fabric to keep flies from laying eggs in the soil. Mound diatomaceous earth or hot pepper around stems if maggots are in the soil.

Cabbage looper and other insects will damage heads

Cabbage Diseases

  • Black rot, also called blackleg, clubroot, and yellows are fungal diseases which can attack cabbage
  • Blackleg leaves yellow, V-shaped lesions on leaf edges. Plants with clubroot wilt and look stunted; there will be galls on the roots. Cabbage yellows is marked by the yellowing of lower leaves.
  • To avoid fungal diseases plant disease-resistant varieties or seeds that have been hot water treated. Plant in well-drained soil. Water with compost tea.
  • Remove and destroy diseased plants immediately.
  • Rotate crops on a three-year cycle.

More tips: Cabbage Growing Problems: Troubleshooting.

Cabbage for fall or winter harvest can sit under a blanket of snow without harm.

Harvesting Cabbage

  • Cabbage will be ready for harvest in 80 to 180 days from seed depending on the variety or in 60 to 105 days from transplanting.
  • Cut cabbage when heads are firm and the base of the head is 4 to 10 inches across.
  • Harvest before the weather becomes too warm in spring. Cabbage will be sweet if harvested in cool weather.
  • Cabbage for fall or winter harvest can sit under a blanket of snow without harm. Simply pull away the spoiled outer leaves after harvest.
  • If you want additional heads from the same plant, cut the head at the center of the stem but leaves several leaves attached to the stem stump. Small heads—about the size of a baseball–will grow from the stalks for later harvest.

More tips: How to Harvest and Store Cabbage.

Storing and Preserving Cabbage

  • Cabbage will keep in the refrigerator for 1 to 2 weeks or longer.
  • Cabbage also can be dried and frozen or cured in brine as sauerkraut.
  • Cabbage seeds can be sprouted.

Savoy cabbage has crinkled leaves.

Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Cabbage Varieties by Time of Harvest

More about cabbage varieties: Choosing Cabbage Varieties to Grow.

About Cabbage

  • Cabbage is a hardy biennial grown as a cool-weather annual that can tolerate frost but not heat.
  • Cabbage grows an enlarged terminal bud of broad, overlapping leaves called a head atop a short, stubby stem. Heads can be round, flat, or pointed. Leaves can be smooth or crinkled in shades of green or reddish-purple and the head can be round, flat or pointed.
  • Cabbage varieties can come to harvest early in the season, midseason, or late season.
  • Exposed to severe frost, too little moisture, or too much heat cabbage will not form a head but instead bolt and go directly to seed.
  • Cabbage heads–which are mostly water–will expand and split if the weather grows too warm as the heads take up water more quickly than the moisture can transpire from tightly wrapped leaves.
  • Botanical name: Brassica oleracea capitata
  • Origin: Southern Europe

More tips: Planting Cabbage.

Grow 80 vegetables and herbs: KITCHEN GARDEN GROWERS’ GUIDE

Quick Guide to Growing Cabbage

  • Plant spring cabbage 4 weeks before the last frost.
  • Space your cabbage according to the guidelines on the plant tag, in an area that gets 6 or more hours of sun. Plant 1 to 2 inches deep in well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 6.5 to 6.8.
  • Improve native soil conditions by mixing in several inches of compost or other rich organic matter.
  • Protect new plants from cold weather by planting them through black plastic, which will help keep the soil warm.
  • Water regularly by giving plants 1 to 1.5 inches of water weekly.
  • Before planting, give cabbage a continuous food supply by mixing a slow-release plant food into the soil.
  • Lay down a 3-inch layer of mulch to help retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.
  • Harvest cabbage when the head is firm.

Soil, Planting, and Care

Set out new spring plants early enough so that they can mature before the heat of summer, about 4 weeks before the last frost. For the best chance at success, be sure to start with strong, vigorous young Bonnie Plants®, which are already well on their way to maturity, giving you a jump-start on your garden . New plants just out of a greenhouse need to be protected from freezing weather. In the spring, consider planting through black plastic to help warm the soil. Plant fall cabbage 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost. Growing plants that have been exposed to cool weather become “hardened” and are tolerant of frost. Cabbage that matures in cool weather is deliciously sweet. Like most vegetables, cabbage needs at least 6 hours of full sun each day; more is better. It also needs fertile, well-drained, moist soil with plenty of rich organic matter. The soil pH should be between 6.5 and 6.8 for optimum growth and to discourage clubroot disease.

To be sure about your soil pH, get the soil tested. You can buy a kit or have a soil test done through your regional Cooperative Extension office. Apply fertilizer and lime if needed, using the results of the soil test as a guide.

In the absence of a soil test, add nitrogen-rich amendments such as blood meal, cottonseed meal, or composted manure to the soil, or amend the soil with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics™ All Purpose In-Ground Soil to add valuable nutrition and improve texture. Plants grow best with a combination of good soil and just the right plant food, so work a top-quality continuous-release plant food such as Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics™ All Purpose Plant Nutrition Granules into the soil before planting. (As with any product, be sure to follow label directions.) Another option is to skip the in-ground garden in favor of growing your cabbages in containers filled with premium potting mix, such as aged compost-enriched Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics™ All Purpose Container Mix. That’s really the simplest way to know your plant roots have precisely the environment they need to grow.

Cabbage is easy to transplant. Set plants so that 1-2″ of the main stem is buried. Space according to directions on the Bonnie label. Generally, this is 12 to 24 inches apart in a row, depending upon the variety and the size of head it makes. For maximum size, be generous with the spacing. Our O.S. Cross Cabbage (known informally as Bonnie’s “Mega Cabbage”) for example, needs all the room you can give it!

Cabbage demands even moisture to produce good heads. Mulch with compost, finely ground leaves, or finely ground bark to keep the soil cool and moist and to keep down weeds. Water regularly, applying 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week if it doesn’t rain. You

can measure the amount of water with a rain gauge left in the garden.

Fertilize plants again with a liquid fertilizer such as fish emulsion or 20-20-20 after they begin to develop new leaves and when they start forming heads.

Cabbage is considered to be one of the most important and widely consumed crops belonging to the Brassica Family. A cabbage farm is a common sight in American countrysides due to the crop’s adaptability to variables of soil and climate. Along with other crops from the same family such as cauliflower, brussels sprouts, kale, broccoli, etc, cabbages are consumed as leafy green vegetables.

Cabbages are biennial plants that can be farmed twice a year. They constitute an important part of healthy diets across the world due to the wide variety of nutrients they contain. These include Vitamin C, Sulfur, Amino acids, and glutamine which are all essential minerals for the human body.

Climatic Conditions for Growing Cabbage

Cabbage cultivation and the success of crop yield are to some extent dependent upon the climate of the place where the farm is located. Though it is a hardy crop capable of withstanding and adapting to a wide range of weather variations, it grows best in cold and moist climates. Higher altitudes and its corresponding colder climates are also suited to cabbage farming.

Consequently, across America, the bulk of the cabbage productions are carried out in the Northern States around the Great Lakes and in the New England region. The weather around these places is perfectly suited for year round production of cabbage.

The Southern States, on the other hand, can only produce a good cabbage yield during the winters and in spring when the climate is optimal for this crop. Some Southern regions which have colder climates due to high altitudes can also produce cabbages during the summer. The lowlands, on the other hand, seldom see cabbage growing apart from the few winter months.

Furthermore, different varieties of cabbage exhibit varying susceptibilities to cold or hot climates. Anyone considering cabbage farming must pay special attention to the particular kind of cabbage they should choose to grow.

Cultivators should take into consideration the compatibility of the cabbage variety with the climate of the farm. While the Dutch variety along with several other older varieties can be cultivated in the South during winter and spring, the Danish Ball Head variety do not do well at all in the Southern Lowlands.

Soil Features for Cabbage Farming

The cabbageplant is an adaptable crop that can be grown on a wide variety of soil. These may range from clay to sandy loam though a rich intermediate comprising of both sandy and loamy soil is generally considered to be optimal. Cabbage plants are a very heavy feeder and consequently, need the soil to be well plowed with organic or inorganic fertilizers.

Cabbage growing tracks also need to contain high concentration of humus and organic matter as well as good drainage. In the southern lowlands where cabbage is grown in the form of a truck crop, one should opt for the kind of soil that induces optimal crop maturation in the shortest amount of time. A soil pH that is between 5.5 and 6.5 produces higher crop yield.

How to Prepare Your Land for Cabbage Growing

Preparing your land for growing cabbage requires you to keep certain things in mind. The first step should include ascertaining the kind of cabbage you must grow in correspondence with the climate and soil in your locality. Inquiring about the varieties sold in your local market will go a long way in helping you do that.

Cabbage grows best under direct sunlight so you must choose a plot of land that gets ample sunlight. Most cabbage farms being prepared for cultivation requires the soil to be plowed about 3 or 4 times. Increasing the nutrient content of the soil must be the main concern as cabbage plants consume a lot of minerals. As such, organic matter must be spread and mixed with the soil all across the plot of land.

Phosphate is an important mineral supplement that the soil you are preparing for cabbage farming needs. It must be worked into the soil before transplanting the germinated seedling. Before sowing the seeds, beds of proper sizes should be prepared in rows with separate drainage rows next to them for good irrigation to help keep the land moist.

Practicing crop rotation is another great way to ensure better cabbage yield. Farmers often grow legumes on the plots chosen for cabbages in the months preceding the cabbage cultivation season. This ensures that the soil is enriched with nitrogen which is an essential mineral for growing better quality cabbages.

How to Choose Seeds and When It’s Time for Sowing

There are three main types of cabbages that can be grouped into distinct varieties based on shape and time of cultivation. These include: the pointed or peak cabbages which grows during spring, the Flat Dutch type which is the second cabbage type which matures in spring or summer, and the round varieties of cabbage which matures in winter.

Each of these varieties have multiple strains of seeds. The Early Jersey Wakefield is one of the most viable strains of pointed cabbages along with the Charlestown Wakefield. They take about 7-10 days and 70-80 days for maturation respectively. They both need to be sowed in the early part of the year between January 1st and March 1st.

Amongst the Flat Dutch seed strains, the most commercially viable are the early spring type, the early summer type, and the all head. As their names imply, they are sowed in late winter, early spring, and early summer respectively. There are some strains of the Flat Dutch that are capable of growing even in winter.

The round cabbage varieties include American Savoy cabbage and Danish Ball Head along with its sub variety the Danish Round Head. The red cabbage strains such as the Mammoth Red Rock and the Red Drumhead also belong to this category. The Danish Ball matures in winter and must not be sowed any later than May.

The early varieties of cabbage that mature in summer need their seeds to be sowed in indoors seed beds some 10 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost. Once the seeds have germinated and the plants are ready, the transplanted seedlings need to be planted outside about 6 to 4 weeks before last spring frost.

Some people may wish to forego transplantation and sow the seeds directly in the prepared beds outdoors.The time frame for direct planting is again 6-3 weeks before last frost of spring as long as soil temperature outside is at least 45F. Since cabbage seeds cannot withstand extreme cold, they need to be planted in cold frames or plastic tubes.

The winter maturing varieties of cabbage such as the round cabbages need to be planted in the soil around 14-12 weeks before the first frost of autumn in case of direct cultivation in gardens. In case of transplanting from an indoors seed bed to prepared beds outside, the seedlings need to be planted 12 to 10 weeks before the first frost of autumn.

Sowing Tips

Cabbage seeds can be sowed in large numbers due to how hardy these plants are. Their ability to withstand rough handling ensures that cultivators can grow them extensively. The seeds usually take anywhere between 5 to 10 days, with an additional 6-8 weeks required for them to grow into plants that are ready for field setting.

An important sowing tip to keep in mind is with regards to choosing which type of cabbage seed to sow. While cabbages can be commercially farmed in large numbers in big farms, they need adequate space between each planted bed. If If you are planning on cultivating cabbages in your backyard or garden and have a space crunch, then you should opt for seeds of the small cabbage varieties. Some important sowing tips to keep in mind in order to get the best yield are:

  • Start sowing the seeds about 4 or 6 weeks before the end of spring for an autumn crop yield, or 10-12 weeks before fall for a winter yield
  • Seeds need to be sowed anywhere between half to one-fourth of an inch into the soil
  • The starting soil mix for the seeds must be kept moist and the seeds should be left to germinate in an optimal temperature of 77F for 5-10 days
  • The seedlings must be transplanted into the prepared beds in the garden or farm after they have grown to a size of 4-6 inches with 2-4 leaves visible.
  • The optimal temperature outside for cabbage transplantation is around 50 F
  • The transplanted plants must have a space of 1-2 feet between them and the rows must have a space of 12-42 inches between them. This also helps in controlling pests that might harm the crops.
  • Inter plant cabbages with other crops such as beets, spinach, green onions, herbs, etc. To maintain soil quality and produce higher yield.
  • It is best to start sowing cabbage transplants early to better offset any risks of bad weather or cutworms. Young cabbage plants are very hardy and comparatively more capable of withstanding these adverse conditions.

Watering Guide

A continuous supply and maintenance of moisture throughout all the cabbage growing stages is very important. One way to endure that is to install a drip irrigation system with multiple sub main sprinklers in lateral lines at a distance of 1.5 meters. Drip irrigators with a speed of 4 liters per hour must be placed 60cm apart while the ones with 3.5 LPH must be place 50cm apart.

Cabbages do not have much tolerance to dry conditions. So it is best that irrigation of the cabbage growing beds must be carried out frequently. During winters the plots must be irrigated at least every 8 days while during summer it is best to have some water in the furrows between plant beds. Drainage might be required during rainy season to ensure optimum yield.

Pruning and Weed Control

Pruning of excess shoots as well as controlling weeds that might grow along the cabbage beds is an essential part of cultivating these crops. Offshoots growing out of the sides of the cabbage plants should be pruned regularly. Yellow or otherwise damaged leaves must also be pruned in order to prevent any infections from spreading.

Weed control is another essential element of cabbage cultivation as these plant require a lot of nutrients. Weeds tend to consume extra mineral leaving the land useless for the plants being farmed. Weeds must be rid of in their first growing stages within 2-3 weeks of their appearance. Weeding also needs to be carried out before and after fertilization of the land.

The process constitutes drilling alongside the cabbage plants and hoeing out the weeds. The drilling must be done with care so as to not bruise or otherwise damage the roots of the cabbage plants. Hoeing can also be done with the help of some herbicides that target specific weeds and help destroy them. The commonly used herbicides in cabbage farming include Alachl or as well as the stronger Metolachlor.

What Cabbage Fertilizers to Choose

Cabbages are some of the heaviest feeders amongst leafy vegetables with the cap for fertilizer use put at around a pound and half for every 100 square feet. The common minerals required to fertilize the soil before cabbage farming are potassium, phosphorus, organic compost, nitrogen, and urea for acidic soil or ammonium sulphate for alkaline soil. It is said that every hectare of cabbage farm requires about 450 pounds of nitrogen.

Many farmers these days have started to shun chemically produced fertilizers for cabbage and instead opting for organic fertilizers. They are generally considered to be more environment friendly and better for the health of the people consuming the organically produce. If you are so inclined, then you should use organic compost and humus to fertilize your cabbage beds some 20 or 30 days after planting them. Fertilizers composed of human excreta must be avoided at all costs.

Common Pests & Diseases

An in-depth know how of common cabbage cultivation techniques should involve a comprehensive knowledge of the common pests and diseases that threaten your crops. Amongst pests, aphids are the most dangerous ones that you have to look out for. Once they get into the heads of your cabbage plants, the entire plant becomes unsalvageable.

Other common pests that threaten your harvest includes cabbage worms, cabbage root maggots, cabbage loopers, flea Beetles, nematodes, American bollworms, cutworms, etc. Birds are another common cause of damage to cabbage patches and they can be prevented by putting up bird netting around the cabbage beds. Any of these agents can cause serious damage to the quality of your cabbage yield and they need quick intervention.

The diseases most common in cabbage plants are caused by the pathogenic fungus Sclerotinia or the anamorphic fungus Botrytis.Other common diseases include Blackleg, Dumping Off,Powdery Mildew, Downy Mildew, Club-root, Leaf spot, White Blister,White leaf spot,Wire Stem, and White Mould to name a few.

These pests and diseases cause varying levels of damage to the stems, seedlings, roots, leaves, heads, or the entire plant. While the damage caused by some of the aforementioned pests and diseases may be irreversible, others can treated. Neem oil extracts are an excellent organic deterrent. You may also use synthetically produced chemicals such as Carbaryl, Permethrin, Spinosad, or other insecticidal soaps.

Harvesting Guide

The right time for harvesting cabbages is when the heads have grown substantially and gotten ripe. The maturing process for these plants usually takes anywhere between 71 to 88 days. It is quite easy to ascertain by just pressing down on the cabbage head to check if it is firm which indicates its ripeness.

While harvesting the ripened head you must ensure that at least 2-4 leaves surrounding the head are left intact. This helps the cabbage retain its water content which keeps it fresh for a longer period of storage time.

It is important that the cultivator individually check each cabbage head for ripeness as sometimes visual cues can be misleading. Quite often a cabbage may look the right size to have reached maturity and healthy from the outside while on the inside they are still soft and unripe. Such untimely harvested cabbages have neither the correct taste nor the adequate nutrients that make this vegetable such a healthy food.

The correct way of harvesting a ripe cabbage involves separating the head from the rest of the plant by cutting it off with a knife. While detaching the head, make sure that the stem along with the leaves are left intact on the ground. This may lead to the plant growing another cabbage in the place of the one you have removed. While this new cabbage may never reach the normal size of the original one, it still retains the same flavor as well as nutrients.

Storage Tips

Storage is one of the most important aspects of the farming process. A good storage technique can make a huge difference in profits generated. Every year farmers across the world lose millions in revenues due to inability to follow proper storage regulations to ensure that their crops stay in optimal condition.

In the case of cabbages, these plants go through rapid respiration after their harvesting which tampers their flavor and dilutes their overall quality. Proper storage of harvested cabbages seek to ensure minimum respiration. Furthermore, the water content of the cabbages need to be over 90%.

The simplest way to do so is to maintain the humidity of the air in the storage area above 80% through a 90 to 95% humidity is even better for retaining its freshness.This can be done by keeping the cabbages in cold storage or inside refrigerator wrapped in plastic bags. Cabbages can be stored in refrigerators for up to two weeks. The optimum temperature for cabbage storage is 0 to 32 degrees Fahrenheit.

An alternative to refrigeration is to store cabbage in root cellars or garden pits. A root cellar storage involves arranging the heads in rows on shelves with considerable distance separating each cabbage head. Hanging the heads from the roof throughout the room is another way of storing them in cellars. One can also take the easy route of keeping them on the ground after wrapping them carefully in newspapers to prevent them from losing their freshness.

Garden pits, on the other hand, constitutes digging a hole of about two to two and half feet deep. The hole then needs to be lined with straw in order to provide the space with insulation. The cabbages can be stored in this space with their roots facing up and their head towards the ground. The cabbages stored in this manner need to be covered with a tarp or burlaps so as to ensure that snow or mud does not slide in.

Apart from the humidity and respiration allowed in the storage area, cabbages must also never be kept together with other fruits. Apples especially should never be stored in the same space as cabbages irrespective of whether or not both require the same humidity and temperature. This is due to the fact that Apples exude a gas called ethylene which can cause discoloration of the cabbage making it less commercially viable.


This, it is quite evident that cabbage farming requires you to be conscious of a fair number of dos and don’ts. While these may seem complicated and at the onset cabbages may seem to be a delicate plant that requires very careful handling, this perception could not be further from the truth. In fact, cabbage farming is comparatively an easier task for most newbies trying it out for the first time.

These crops are some of the hardiest ones you will ever grow and can handle a lot of rough handling. They also exhibit adaptability to a great range of weather and geographical variations. Due to how enriched with nutrients and healthy they are, cabbages are fast growing in popularity and becoming and essential part of the diets of health conscious people. So go right ahead and get yourself a cabbage garden to tinker in and develop a green thumb!

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Raising Cabbage Plants in a Home Garden

Varieties of Cabbage Plants in the Garden

Here are a few easy tips for growing cabbage plants in your backyard vegetable garden!

Learn how simple it is to plant and care for cabbage for great gardening results.

Design Your Own Vegetable Garden Layout Using our Free “Vegetable Garden Planner” Software!

All About Cabbage

Cabbage is a cold weather plant, and a member of the brassica family along with broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale and turnips.

Members of Brassica Family of Vegetables Include Cabbage

It is also a very hardy plant that will flourish in rich soil.

The heads can be stored fresh for several months in a cool location, or can be made into sauerkraut and preserved by canning.

Jumbo or Premium Flat Dutch cabbage reach maturity 105 days from plant setting.

These are the largest of all cabbages.

Few heads will weigh less than 12 pounds.

The produce is flat, rounded at the top, and extremely solid.

This variety is excellent for keeping all winter long as firm as the day you stored it.

Cabbage Plants in Raised Bed Garden

Planting Cabbage

Small Cabbage Transplant

Sow cabbage seeds in early spring.

You should only need about a dozen plants for an adequate harvest, unless you are planning to make lots of sauerkraut!

To allow for a percentage lost to poor germination and weaklings, sow about 18 seeds in 4 inch pots filled with commercial potting soil.

Colorful Cabbage Plants in the Garden

Set the pots in a bright, warm location.

When the seedlings are about one inch high transfer them to individual spaces in six packs.

They grow very rapidly in indoor heat.

A week or so before transplanting the cabbage into the vegetable garden, begin the hardening off process.

When you harden off plants it gradually toughens a plant’s cell structure by exposing it to controlled cold weather conditions slowly.

The cabbage will be ready for the open ground in about four weeks from germination.

Preparing Soil for Cabbage Plans

Adding Mulch to Garden Before Planting Cabbage

Cabbage needs nutritious soil if it is to produce a delicate, tender head.

  • Work in two inches of well aged manure or compost and 10-10-10 fertilizer of about 5 pounds to 100 square feet.
  • Preparing the soil properly will keep the cabbage fed during their entire growth period.
  • Work about four handfuls to a six foot row of ground limestone into the soil to help the cabbages ward off clubroot disease.
  • Plant your cabbage seedlings at spacing of 18 inches leaving three feet between the rows.
  • The plants will need all this space to reach their full maturity.
  • Meanwhile, there is ample room to grow a lettuce crop between the cabbage seedlings.
  • Once the seedlings are put in the garden bed, give them a drink of water and liquid fertilizer mix to aid healthy and speedy growth.

Garden Growing with Cabbage

Cabbage Plant Pests

Be sure to rotate your garden crop placement each year.

This will help prevent soil borne diseases from attacking your garden.

Cabbage face the same dangers that their cousins’ broccoli does. Give the plants a cutworm collar to defend the plants’ tender stems.

Bacillus thuringiensis given at 7 to 10 day intervals helps control pests such as the cabbageworm caterpillar.

Applying diazinon at 10 day intervals controls root maggots.

Many avid gardeners report having good luck using a root maggot mat, which aids in controlling the cutworm as well and cuts down on the use of chemical pesticides.

One of the most important tasks for maintaining healthful cabbage is ongoing pest control.

If root maggot discs are not used, drench the soil with a diazinon solution at ten day applications to combat this omnipresent insect.

It is also necessary to continue spraying with Bacillus thuringiensis at 7-10 day intervals against the imported cabbageworm caterpillar.

Second Plantings of Cabbage

Some years you may have enough space in your vegetable garden to grow midsummer cabbage plants.

You can start this crop from seed sown a month after transplanting your initial seedlings in the garden.

  • To prepare a six foot row, work in two handfuls of 5-10-5 fertilizer and twice that amount of ground limestone.
  • A row 6 feet in length will produce four huge cabbage plants.
  • Although, the soil is already reasonably sweet from your earlier soil preparations, the extra limestone helps to control the much dreaded clubroot disease.
  • Sow a cluster of 4 to 5 seeds two feet apart.
  • The later cabbage plants need extra vegetable gardening space because they produce larger heads than the first sowing.
  • As you sow the seeds, water the soil with diazinon solution, which you will repeat every ten days or so throughout the summer.
  • If you decide against using chemical insecticides, slip a root maggot mat around each saved seedling when you thin the cabbage plants to one plant at each side later on in the coming weeks.

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Growing Cabbage

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Summary of Cabbage Growing Guide

In a few words, most cabbage growers start the plants from seed in an indoor protected environment (nursery). The period from indoor sowing until transplanting ranges from 18 to 38 days. Then, they transplant the young seedlings in a fertile well-plowed field that is free from weeds. They plant the seedlings in rows so that the plants will have proper spacing and aeration. In most cases, drip irrigation and fertigation are applied (fertilization through water-soluble fertilizers that are injected in the irrigation system). In most varieties, cabbages are ready to be harvested from 75 to 88 days after transplanting. Harvesting can be performed either manually or mechanically.

Cabbage Soil Requirements

Cabbage is a plant that thrives in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. It also needs a sunny location. It is essential to perform a proper field preparation before planting the seeds or transplanting the young seedlings. Experienced farmers report that it is helpful to till the soil and apply compost or well-rotted manure before transplanting or direct seeding. In most cases, cabbage prefers fertile soil with a pH ranging from 6 to 6,8. The most common way to have thriving plants and good quality yields is keeping the soil constantly moist.

Growers shall perform a soil analysis before planting. It is recommended to consult a local licensed agronomist in order to form a rational field preparation plan.

Cabbage Water Requirements

In most cases, drip irrigation and fertigation are applied (fertilization through water-soluble fertilizers that are injected in the irrigation system).

Cabbage needs a sufficient amount of water in order to produce its leafy heads. It is important to keep the soil moist but not soggy. We should be careful not to excessively irrigate our crops because plants cannot tolerate waterlogged soil. Cabbage needs regular, consistent irrigation to develop properly, form firm heads and produce high-quality leaves. When growing cabbage in the field, we can use sprinkler or drip irrigation systems. In order to keep the soil constantly moist, farmers may apply a thin layer of mulch to the ground (ask your local licensed agronomist).

Cabbage Planting and Spacing. How to grow healthy and thriving Cabbage

Even though cabbage is a frost tolerant plant, it can be severely affected during spring frosts. Injured plants will produce undeveloped heads, low-quality leaves and generally product of low quality and quantity. We should focus on planting cabbage seeds in the appropriate time window, depending on when we want to harvest them. Farmers first sow summer cabbage, during mid-spring. Then, they sow autumn-winter types in late spring. Finally, spring cabbages are sown in the last days of summer and farmers harvest them the second year.

We can plant our cabbage seeds indoors in seedbeds or pots 6 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost. In most cases, the proper temperature to grow cabbage is 55-75 °F degrees (12-23 °C). We must regularly water our plants until they develop 3 to 4 leaves. Plants are ready to be transplanted 18-38 days after sowing. When plants develop 3 leaves and become 10-13 cm (4 to 5 inches) tall, we may transplant them in a preferred location. Experienced farmers state that they often transplant cabbage on a cloudy day, in order to avoid plant’s sudden exposure to intense sunlight. No matter what growing methods we use, regular irrigation is always required. As mentioned before, keeping the soil moist is the key to well developed and healthy plants.

In order to achieve good growth and maximize their yields, farmers may take into consideration the following factors.

  • Seeding rate: 250-400g (9 to 14 oz.) of seeds per hectare
  • Number of Plants per hectare: 20000-40000 plants
  • 1 hectare = 2,47 acres = 10.000 square meters
  • Distance between plants in the row shall normally be 40-70 cm (15-27 inches) Distance between rows shall normally be 60-90 cm (23-35 inches). Keep in mind that these numbers vary depending on the desirable size of each head. The closer the plants are located to each other, the smaller the head they produce.
  • In most cases, it is beneficial to decrease irrigation when cabbage plants reach maturity. It has been reported that due to excessive watering, cabbage heads can grow too fast and start splitting.
  • Farmers may seek advice from local licensed agronomists in order to schedule a proper plan to grow thriving and healthy plants.

Fertilizer Requirements in Cabbage Crops

It is essential to perform a soil analysis before any fertilizer application. The safest way is to know the exact nutrient profile of the soil. Cabbage needs nutrient-rich soil in order to grow and maximize production and yields. Some cabbage farmers apply a well-rotted manure and plow the soil two weeks before planting. They also report that they can add fertilizer to the young seedlings about two weeks or three weeks after transplant. It is important to let cabbage plants grown in height before any fertilizer application.

In most cases, drip irrigation and fertigation are applied (fertilization through fertilizers that are injected in the irrigation system). Alternatively, soil application is used. In general, experienced farmers suggest a well-balanced fertilizer, consisting of essential nutrients, such as nitrogen (N), potassium (K) and phosphorus (P), in the form of granules. We may apply these fertilizers such as N-P-K 10-10-10 or 10-3-3. We can add the granular fertilizers directly to the soil surface and irrigate. It is crucial that the granules don’t come in touch with the young plants, because there is a risk of burning them.

However, these are just common patterns that should not be followed without making your own research. Every field is different and has different needs. You may seek advice from a licensed agronomist after conducting a soil analysis.

Pests and Diseases

Throughout its growing season, cabbage is susceptible to several types of pests and diseases. It is a plant that attracts a lot of pests. It is necessary to know our crop enemies and form an environmentally friendly approach in order to tackle them. We can seek advice from a local licensed professional for proper control of cabbage pests and diseases. The most common cabbage pests and diseases are listed below.


  • Small or Large Cabbage White Butterflies. These insects lay their eggs under cabbage leaves. When their larvae emerge, it will feed on leaves.
  • Aphids. Cabbage aphids are gray-green and cannot be easily identified. They mainly feed on leaves.
  • Pigeons. Pigeons and other small birds love to fly near crops and attack young plants.


  • Alternaria leaf spot. It is a fungal disease, caused by Alternaria species. It affects both seedlings and older plants with dark spots on the stem and brown spots on the leaves. If we don’t manage it right away, infected leaves will turn yellow and fall.
  • Black Rot. It is a bacterial disease, caused by Xanthomonas campestris. It mainly infects the superficial parts of the plant.
  • Downy Mildew of Cabbage. Peronospora parasitica is responsible for this disease, causing necrotic spots on older leaves.

Pest and Disease Control

The best way to control pests and diseases is always prevention rather than intervention. Cabbage growers shall take into consideration the following measures.

  • The use of certified seeds is essential.
  • The use of varieties and hybrids resistant to local diseases is essential.
  • Establishing nets to cover our crops may protect cabbage from some pest attacks.
  • Avoid excessive fertilizers application.
  • Wire mesh can protect cabbage plants from pigeon attacks.
  • Handpicking caterpillars and larvaes and carefully removing them from the crops can be a solution in some cases.
  • In order to prevent alternaria leaf spot, it is suggested to collect and get rid of the residues that may remain in the field after harvesting.
  • We can rotate our crops with other suitable plants in order to naturally control pests and diseases.

Cabbage Harvesting

As a general rule, the period from sowing until transplanting ranges from 18 to 38 days. In most varieties, cabbages are ready to be harvested from 75 to 88 days after transplanting. There are very early varieties that can be harvested 55 days from transplanting. Some late varieties mature about 95-105 days after transplanting. The time that we shall harvest our cabbage plants depends on different varieties. There are some varieties that need to stay in the field a couple more weeks after they form a solid and firm head. On the contrary, some varieties need to be harvested immediately after they reach maturity.

Important things about Cabbage Harvesting:

  • Harvesting must be done when cabbage reaches its full size.
  • Cabbage is ready for harvest when its head is firm and fully formed.
  • We must check cabbage firmness at regular intervals. When it reaches a size of 12 cm (5 inches) we may squeeze it to test its firmness.
  • If we notice that cabbage heads start to split, we must harvest them without delay.
  • We can cut headed cabbage from its base with a sharp knife.
  • In large commercial cabbage farms, harvesting is performed through automated machines that are attached to tractors. These machines lift the whole plant from the soil using a share. Thus, the plant is completely destroyed. Soil, dirt, rocks, and cabbages are transferred onto a series of webs where the cabbages are finally separated from the foreign materials.
  • After harvesting, cabbage plants need to be stored in a shady place straight away.
  • In most cases, the proper temperature to store cabbage is 32 to 40 °F degrees (0-4 °C). As a general rule, it needs a cold, moist place with roughly 95 % of humidity.

Cabbage Yield per Hectare

The average cabbage yield per hectare is 30-70 tons. (Keep in mind that 1 ton = 1000 kg = 2200 lbs. and 1 hectare = 2,47 acres = 10.000 square meters). There are cases in which farmers reported a yield of 80 tons per hectare or more. Of course, such high yields can be accomplished by experienced farmers after several years of practice.

Do you have experience in growing cabbage for profit? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below. All the content you add will be soon reviewed by our agronomists. Once approved, it will be added to and it will influence positively thousands of new and experienced farmers across the world.

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