How big do echeveria grow?

Care Instructions For Echeveria – Echeveria Succulent Plant Information

Succulent plants are easy to love. Their ease of care, sunny dispositions and moderate growth habits make them perfect for warm seasons outdoors or well lit interiors. The Echeveria succulent plant is just such a specimen, thriving on brief periods of neglect and low water and nutrients. Echeveria care is practically foolproof and grows well in either containers or toasty garden beds. The many varieties and colors of Echeveria plants provide wonderful tones and texture for mixed beds and pots.

Details on Echeveria Plants

Echeveria spp. stem from thick-leaved rosettes. The leaves are fleshy and have a waxy cuticle on the exterior. Often the leaves are colored and a firm touch can mar the skin and leave marks. The Echeveria succulent plant is slow growing and usually doesn’t exceed 12 inches in height or spread.

Native from Texas to Central America, the plants prefer desert conditions, but will tolerate periods of moisture as long as they are allowed to dry out before applying more water. Growing Echeveria in an unglazed clay pot, which will allow water to evaporate, is

ideal. Otherwise, they need full sun and well drained soil.

There are 150 cultivated varieties of the plants, one of which is probably right for you.

Growing Echeveria

These easy little succulents produce offsets or baby plants nestled against the mother rosette. These are easy to separate and grow. Just pull the little rosette away and replant in a cactus mixture or homemade blend of equal parts sand, topsoil and compost.

You can also start new plants from leaf cuttings. Simply lay the leaf on the surface of the soil. It will root within a few weeks and soon a small rosette will grow next to the rooted leaf. The leaf will dry up and crumble off of the new plant.

Care Instructions for Echeveria

The most important part of good Echeveria care is watering. The biggest issue with the succulents is overwatering. Provide moderate amounts of water in the hot, dry season. Let the soil dry out completely before you irrigate again. Potted plants should not be left in a wet saucer. Soft rots and root rot issues occur when the plant is too wet.

The only other issue of concern is the mealybug. Their feeding behavior can seriously minimize the plants vigor.

Situate the plants in full sun and mulch around them with gravel or sand to help prevent weeds and conserve moisture.

Protect the plants from freezing temperatures and store potted plants indoors in winter. The plants do not need pruning, but you may pinch off damaged or errant growth as needed.

How to Use Echeveria

The sheer variety of these plants and other succulents means they lend themselves well to group displays. Potted displays with several varieties or different types of succulents and cacti make attractive additions to the home interior or exterior. Mix and match colors and sizes for unique settings.

Put the larger varieties in the center and the trailing or shorter types at the edges. Continue general care instructions for Echeveria, which will also work for most other types of succulents.

Echeveria is a type of succulent that features fleshy leaves and attractive bell-shaped blossoms in colors ranging from palest white to fire engine red and everything in between.

Echeveria succulent plants come in many different colors of leaves, including:

  • Bright green
  • Blue-green
  • Dusty gray
  • Purple Echeveria
  • Black
  • Pink
  • Red

These pretty plants are easily recognized by their compact rosette succulent growth habit and their plump, attractive leaves, which may be tinged with red or pink and may even seem to glow in the right light.

Flowers grow on stalks or stems in a wide variety of shades that always contrast attractively with the background color of the foliage.

Many Succulent Echeveria Types To Choose From!

This is a very large genus of succulent plants (from the stonecrop family) with fleshy leaves in a rosette growth pattern.

Echeveria glauca the very hardy “hen and chick” blue Echeveria plant does so well outdoors in many different regions.

In fact, Hen and Chicks is a common name often applied to this type of plant.

UC Berkeley has a very complete collection of images!

Echeveria can range in size from a few inches high to three or four feet tall. They may be either stemless or stem forming.

They grow in a rosette pattern with flat triangular or spatulate leaves. The leaves range in color from pale green to a purplish shade and tend to develop a waxy powder coating.

There are some species of Echeveria that are stouter and have very sturdy woody stems.

These taller versions can grow as high as three or four feet. Their lower stems are bare, and they grow larger dish-like rosettes.

These plants have traditionally been crossed with other sorts of plants such as Pachyphyyum, ghost plant Graptopetalum and Sedum.

Related Reading:

  • Graptopetalum Amethystinum (Lavender Pebbles)
  • An Echeveria hybrid – Graptoveria Succulents

This cross-breeding produces bigeneric hybrids (Pachyveria, X Graptveria, and X Sedeveria). These hybrid plants display the best characteristics of both parents.

Where Do Echeveria Succulents Come From?

All of these plants come from the Americas. Most are from Mexico; however, there are some species that hail from Central America and South America.

They also grow naturally in Texas and can be found as far south as Argentina.

Where Can You Buy Echeveria?

Many garden centers carry a selection in these hardy plants. They are also frequently offered in terrarium collections and gift plant arrangements. They can also be purchased on collection online at Amazon for example.

Because these plants can live for a very long time and reproduce and spread enthusiastically, the most common place to get one is from a gardening friend.

If you do purchase your plant rather than receiving it as a gift, be sure to examine it carefully.

Give the leaves a little squeeze to be sure they are healthy and firm. Look the plant over for signs of pests or rot. You want a plant that has an overall healthy appearance.

How Do You Propagate Echeveria?

Like most succulents, you can grow Echeveria flowers from seed, but using leaf cuttings or offspring plants is easier and more successful.

These plants develop multiple offspring around their base. Echeveria species are easiest to grow from offsets. If this is not possible, try growing the plant from a leaf.

To grow these plants from leaf cuttings, carefully clip off the number of leaves you need for the number of plants you want.

Choose from mature leaves as these take root more easily.

Prepare a mixture of well-drained potting mix. You can either purchase succulent soil mix or make your own by combining regular houseplant mix and sand, 50/50.

Place the mixture in a shallow pan and lay the leaves flat on the surface. Do not water. Instead, place the tray in a comfortably warm, airy setting with plenty of indirect light.

Leave it alone for a few days and then begin watering or misting very lightly, occasionally. The soil should be just barely damp.

Within a month, the leaves should have begun to send out roots, and new leaves may have started to grow.

Wait until the plants gain a little size and then transplant them to their own small pots.

Before you know it, you will have a nice collection of cute, miniature plants to share with friends or simply enjoy for yourself.

This video, demonstrates a very carefree method of growing Echeveria and other succulents.

Related Reading:

  • Growing and Care Of The Burro’s Tail Plant
  • Growing Haworthia Succulents: Caring For The Pearl Plant
  • Senecio Rowleyanus (String Of Pearls Plant) Care, Growing and Propagation

The How To Of Echeveria Care?

Plant requirements vary somewhat from one species to another, but generally speaking, Echeverias require well-drained, light, airy soil, full sun to partial shade and very little water once mature.

Echeveria likes bright, indirect sunlight and warm temperatures. It thrives when kept between 70° and 80° degrees Fahrenheit.

In the wintertime, do not let the temperature drop below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. These plants cannot tolerate freezing temps.

How Much Water And Food Do They Need?

During the growing season, you should water the plant thoroughly periodically. Wait for the soil to dry out completely before watering again.

Provide a balanced succulent/cactus food about once a month. In the winter, water lightly and less often. Do not provide fertilizer at all during this resting period.

As with many cactus, succulents and other plants that tend to develop root rot easily, it is best to water from beneath rather than with overhead watering.

More on Echeveria Watering

Those with waxy leaves are especially sensitive to the ill effects often associated with overhead watering.

Water carefully, and don’t splash water on the plant’s leaves because this will leave unsightly spotting on the waxy coating.

Does Echeveria Need Grooming And Pruning?

Echeveria is self-pruning. You will not need to do anything more than removing the occasional dead leaf and blossoms.

Troubleshooting Echeveria

With plenty of light, warm air and careful watering, you should not encounter many problems with these carefree plants.

If you do have problems, it is likely to be due to improper succulent watering habits or problems with temperature and lighting.

Here are a few problems you may encounter:

Low light may cause the leaves of the plant to become pale and stretched looking. If this happens, move the plants gradually to a brighter light setting.

Mealybugs may attack these plants. If you notice these little invaders, don’t spray the plant with insecticide. Instead, use an insecticidal soil drench which will circulate through the plant systemically.

If you spray insecticide on the plant, it will disturb the leaves’ waxy coating and cause unsightly spotting.

As with all plants, overwatering will cause root rot. Be sure to allow the soil to dry out almost completely between watering. Remember to limit water during the autumn and winter months.

Learn more about Echeveria Succulent Pests | Diseases | Solutions

Echeveria Varieties – Species and Cultivars

  • Echeveria elegans
  • Echeveria agavoides (Lipstick Echeveria) resembles Agave plants, leaf tips darker color.
  • Echeveria ‘Black Prince’
  • Echeveria ‘Perle Von Nurnberg’
  • Echeveria ‘Afterglow’ – wide leaves, powdery pinkish-purple, bright pink edges!
  • Echeveria imbricata – produces blue-green leaves forming tight rosettes.
  • Echeveria peacockii – beautiful rosette, rich green succulent leaves, easy to grow indoors, avoid overwatering.
  • Echeveria lilacina – (Ghost Echeveria) silvery-gray leaves, slow-growing, drought-tolerant.
  • Echeveria lola – lavender tones in the leaves
  • Echeveria setosa
  • Echeveria pulidonis
  • Echeveria nodulosa (Painted Echeveria) – multicolored foliage, rosettes with red markings create a ‘painted’ effect.
  • Echeveria laui
  • Echeveria pulvinata
  • Echeveria subsessilis (‘Morning Beauty’) – Bluish green leaves form beautiful rosettes with a pink tinge along the leaf margins.
  • Echeveria prolifica (Pink Edged Echeveria) – blooms throughout spring and summer, small yellow bell-shaped flowers.
  • Echeveria runyonii ‘Topsy Turvy’
  • Echeveria cante – (White Echeveria)
  • Echeveria derenbergii
  • Echeveria shaviana
  • Echeveria glauca

What’s The Best Way To Keep Echeveria?

They can be kept as houseplants in colder climates and do well as bedding plants in areas that do not freeze.

In a small space, one of these plants works well as a specimen plant. They also do very nicely in indoor succulent gardens and terrariums.

Echeveria is fairly drought tolerant and easy to care for.

Outdoors they make an excellent addition to a rock garden or succulent garden. They are also superb container plants.

Whether you keep your succulents indoors or outdoors, it’s important to understand that these plants like to get lots of sunshine and lots of fresh air.

If you can provide that, you can enjoy these cheery companions virtually trouble-free.

Echeveria is a succulent plant that displays surprising evergreen leafage.

Key Echeveria facts

Name – Echeveria
Family – Crassulaceae
Type – succulent plant, perennial

Height – 8 inches (20 cm)
Exposure – well-lit
Soil – light, well-drained

Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – summer

The care it calls for is minimal, but these simple practices will make it look even nicer.

Planting echeveria indoors or outdoors?

This plant is suited to mild climates, and should preferably be cultivated indoors if you fear frost. Indeed, the slightest frost would terminate it.

Planting and repotting your indoor Echeveria

It’s a great idea to grow Echeveria indoors: it doesn’t need much care and keeps unfurling leaves at a regular and satisfying rhythm.

  • You may repot your echeveria just after purchasing it if you’ve purchased it while it wasn’t flowering.
  • After that, an annual repotting in spring with soil mix amended with sand will surely extend the lifespan of your echeveria.

Planting Echeveria outdoors

  • Echeveria can only survive outdoors in winter in the southernmost regions.
  • If planting outside, prefer full sun exposure.
  • Select a location that drains very well: too much water will kill the plant.
  • Don’t water, normal precipitations should be enough to cover the needs of your outdoor echeveria.

Propagating echeveria

Echeveria produces small suckers at the base of stems, and these can be replanted and take root easily.

  • You would carefully detach a small rosette from the stem.
  • You then fill a small nursery pot with adequate substrate (soil mix, sand and compost).
  • You mark a hole with your fingers.
  • You delicately place the rosette.
  • You press the soil down around the buried stem of the small rosette.

Caring for echeveria

Although caring for echeveria is relatively straightforward, a few tips will help you grow a very nice, long-living plant:

  • Remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading).
    This step isn’t mandatory but it will help stimulate the plant to produce new flowers.
  • Re-potting in spring in a pot that is slightly larger than the previous will extend the lifespan of your echeveria.
  • Adding a flower plant fertilizer will help extend the blooming and increase its beauty.

The lifespan of an Echeveria plant can range anywhere from 3 years to several decades depending on the variety, care, and growing conditions.

Make sure you always have a few leaf props going from your favorite variety if ever it unexpectedly dries up or mushes out!

Beheading an elongated, leggy echeveria

When an echeveria doesn’t get enough light, it starts growing tall. Leaves are sparse around a long, thin stem. This means the plant is reaching for light.

The only way forward is to ensure the plant has enough light, and then behead the Echeveria to give it a fresh start.

  • Move the plant to where it has more light.
  • Eventually, purchase supplemental lighting (grow lights) for succulents.

Once the problem of your echeveria lacking light is solved, you can behead the succulent:

  • Cut the Echeveria stem just below the head (about ½ inch or 1½ cm from the head) with a sharp, clean knife or razor.
  • Cure or dry the cut Echeveria head in the air for at least 8 hours up to 3 days.
  • Place the head in a new pot with fresh soil mix (equal parts soil mix, compost and sand).
  • New roots will start sprouting from the cut mark within three weeks to one month.

You can use the leaves from the remaining stem to prepare cuttings, as a form of leaf propagation. The slang for this is called “leaf props“.

Watering echeveria indoors

  • During the blooming, 1 to 2 waterings a week, only when the soil has dried well.
  • Apart from the blooming season, 1 to 2 waterings a fortnight.
  • In winter, light watering 1 time a month is largely enough.

In any case, it is important to wait for the soil to have dried well before watering, in which case it is also better to water once rarely with a significant amount instead of many moderate sessions.

BE CAREFUL! Leaves from succulents are loaded with water. If they start collapsing, it shows that they need more water.

All there is to know about echeveria

Native to Mexico, echeveria is a very beautiful succulent with particularly appealing leaves.

With its reduced need for care, it poses practically no difficulty to the caretaker.

Although excess water is what most often kills it, it also likes having alot of light, but not scorching direct sun, as when behind a window. This would cause echeveria sunburn.

You can set it in a pot or a garden box, along edges or on rocky ground.

Special tip about Echeveria

Amending the soil with organic fertilizer will favor blooming, so you must take care not to provoke this during the Echeveria’s dormant state, from October to February.

Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Echeveria with droplets by Barbara Baldocchi under license
Indoor echeveria arrangement by Yung-pin Pao under license
Outdoor echeveria growing by Kim & Forest Starr under © CC BY 4.0
Blue Echeveria ‘Perle von Nurnberg’ by salchu under © CC BY-SA 2.0

Echeveria Neon Breakers is a Renee O’Donnell hybrid of the succulent Pink Frills crossed with an unknown parent. It is a drought tolerant succulent with green leaves that have pretty pink frilly edges and deep margins.

Succulents like echeveria are drought smart plants that are super easy to grow and make fantastic houseplants. Be sure to check out my tips for how to care for succulents.

Where to purchase Echeveria Neon Breaker

Check the garden center of both Lowe’s and Home Depot. I found my plant at a small local garden center. The Farmer’s market is also a great place to purchase succulents. The plant is also available online:

  • Echeveria Neon Breaker on Etsy
  • Echeveria Neon Breaker on Amazon
  • Echeveria Neon Breaker at Altman Plants

If you love succulents as much as I do, you will want to check out my guide for buying succulents. It tells what to look for, what to avoid and where to find succulent plants for sale.

This pretty succulent is very popular for many reasons. It has highly colored leaf margins, especially when the plant gets ample sunlight.

It is also more resistant to pests that the normal echeveria and it a fast grower. Another popular feature of echeveria neon breaker is that it is a continuous grower with no apparent dormant season when grown outdoors in hotter zones or as a house plant.

The Gardening Cook is a participant in the Amazon Affiliate Program. This post may contain affiliate links. I earn a small commission, at no extra cost to you if you purchase through an affiliate link.

Plant Name and Family

  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Genus: Echeveria
  • Cultivar: ‘Neon Breakers’

Tips for Growing Echeveria Neon Breakers

Watering Needs

Echeveria Neon Breakers is drought tolerant once established. Water thoroughly and then allow to try out to the touch before you water again. The plant will benefit from a bit of extra watering in the hottest weather to prevent the leaves from shriveling.

Sunlight

This succulent needs very bright light to keep the colorful leaf margins. In lower light situations etoliation will happen (stretching of a plant towards this light)

This is characterized by very long stems that are weak and have small leaves. The color will also weaken. The plant does best with morning sun with some protection from the hot afternoon sun.

The color of the leaf margins are the brightest if you can find a spot where the plant gets continuous bright light during the day. My plant shows narrow leaf margins.

Mature plants that get just the right amount of sunlight develop very deep leaf margins. However, too much direct sunlight in very hot climates will cause the leaves to burn and scar.

This image was taken at the Pasadena Botanical Garden’s entry. It shows the magnificence of the colors but also is a good example of too much sunlight causing damage.

Soil

In their natural habitat, Echeverias often grow on the sides of mountains in rocky areas at higher altitudes. In this type of habitat, the water will quickly drain away from the roots of the plant, so that it never gets waterlogged. Well draining soil is a must with this succulent. It definitely does not like wet feet.

Choose a porous cactus or succulent potting mix which will allow for quick draining of water.

Flower color

The plant has pink and magenta flowers but mine has not flowered yet, so I don’t have a photo from my plant. The plant blooms in late summer and early fall.

Photo credit Kathy Smith on Instagram (@justkathyslife)

This photo was kindly shared by Kathy Smith on Instagram (@justkathyslife). Kathy said the flowers were on a two FOOT stalk with the blooms cascading off the end. I can’t wait for mine to flower. I’m so jealous! Thank you so much for sharing this Kathy!

Here is another example of the plant in full flower. This one is again from the Pasadena Botanical Gardens.

Leaves

The leaves of Echeveria Neon Breaker form rosettes. They have waxy, crinkled edges with pale blue green centers and bright pink margins. The plant can form a rosette up to 8 inches in diameter and will grow to about 5 inches tall in the right conditions.

The outer leaves of the succulent are larger and longer than the inner leaves which leads to a pretty rosette shape.

The center of the rosette has the most curly petals and very bright margins. As the mature leaves age, they discolor slightly. Clean up the plant by removing old leaves.

Cold Hardiness

This succulent is a tender perennial, which means that it will only over winter in the warmer zones. It must be protected from frost which can easily cause scarring of the leaves.

Heavy frost will kill the plant so it is better grown as an indoor plant in colder zones..

Uses

Echeveria Neon Breaker looks lovely in rock gardens if you live in the warmer hardiness zones. It makes a great patio plant and looks pretty in dish gardens and open terrariums.

It is small and can be planted in all sorts of containers from clay pots to small watering cans and tea cups.

(See more succulent planter ideas here.) This succulent will attract hummingbirds. The large rosettes of Echeveria Neon Breaker are also ideal for bridal bouquets.

Repotting.

When the plant becomes root bound, repot in a pot that is 1/3 size larger. Remove the dead leaves around the edges to prevent pest and diseases.

If you re-pot immediately after purchasing the plant to get a same size but prettier container, be sure to inspect the plant carefully. Often nursery plants will have pests that can infect other plants in your collection.

Propagation

This plant is patented. Some retail labels on Echeveria Neon Breaker pots state that propagation is prohibited. Strictly speaking, this means that the only way to propagate it would be through natural pollination. The plant will not come true from seed if it is a hybrid.

However, this stipulation seems a bit odd to me, since natural propagation can occur when the plant drops its leaves and they root in the nearby soil. Removing old leaves would be the only way to make sure that you never propagate this succulent.

Does this stipulation mean that you can’t propagate the leaves for personal use? I’ll leave that up to you. Does this mean that you can’t SELL the plants you grow from leaf propagation or the babies that develop.

Yes, absolutely, this is prohibited. My guess is that the echeveria police won’t invade your home and send you to jail if you root a few leaves. 😉

That being said, the plant roots easily from leaves and will also send out offsets that form clumps which can be re-potted. This succulent is an original hybrid of Altman Plants who have it for sale at the moment.

Echeveria Neon Breakers is a tolerant plant that is easy to care for. It’s brilliant colors will brightens your garden both indoors and out.

Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive a small commission from the sale, but the price is the same for you. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

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Echeveria ‘Neon Breakers’ USPP21,406

Echeveria ‘Neon Breakers’ US PP21,406 is a patented succulent developed by Altman Plants. A thriving E. ‘Neon Breakers’ is nothing short of an electric sight. This show-stopping hybrid forms rosettes to 8″ or more in diameter, eventually producing offsets. Rosettes have many leaves that are red-violet-mauve, with very crinkly neon pink margins. ‘Neon Breakers’ is not only more colorful than its parents, it is far more disease resistant, and does not suffer the “shutdown” from dormancy that some other echeverias suffer. When ‘Neon Breakers’ flowers, it’s almost unfair to the neighboring plants. Its deep pink flowers, complemented by purple sepals, shine from stalks well above the rosette. It can be used as a patio plant where some afternoon shade is provided. Otherwise, give it plenty of bright light to allow the rosette to maintain optimal form. The plant also excels as an attention hog (in the best way possible) in a dish garden or in a garden bed in temperate areas. Propagation prohibited.

SURVIVE & THRIVE

Recommended pairings: Portulacaria afra prostrata, Kalanchoe tomentosa
Bloom time: Spring to Summer
Size: Rosettes to 8 inches in diameter and up to 6 inches high
Plant in porous soil with quick drainage
Provide bright light with ample airflow
Water thoroughly when soil is completely dry to the touch (looks better with regular water during the hottest months)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 10a (min temp 32° F)
Protect from frost

APPEARANCE

Part of what makes succulents so fascinating are the myriad ways they express themselves throughout the year, depending on light, season, temperature, soil, and hydration. For those and other reasons, the plants you receive may not look exactly as they appear on our website.

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