Dragon fruit is the most evocative Thai fruit. It’s sort of like a Dalmatian in a bright pink raincoat – utterly ridiculous, but you can’t stop staring.
Certainly, there are tastier fruits, but none more gorgeous. Some preliminary research told me that dragon fruit grows on cacti, sort of a cactus tree.
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- Growing your own dragon fruit
- How to grow your own dragon fruit?
- 1. Get a major head-start
- 2. Set it up for success
- 3. Water sparingly!
- Then what happens?
- Until then?
- Seed Availability
- Growing Environment
- Germination Info
- Native Range
- Additional Pictures
- Related Species
- Who can grow dragon fruit?
- How to grow dragon fruit in a container
- Growing dragon fruit from cuttings
- Fertilizing dragon fruit
- Dragon fruit flowering and pollination
- How to tell when dragon fruit is ripe
- Dragon fruit recipes
- Pitaya Plant Propagation: Growing A New Dragon Fruit Plant
- About Dragon Fruit Propagation
- How to Propagate Pitaya
- Propagating Dragon Fruit From Cuttings
- Trim the Ends
- Prepare your Pots
- Potting the Dragon Fruit
- Water the Baby Dragon Fruit
- Then What?
- Growing Dragon in Pots:
- Introduction To Dragon Fruit
- Varieties for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Suitable Pots for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Ideal Season for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Suitable Soil for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Propagating Methods for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots from Seeds
- Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots from Cuttings
- Watering Requirements for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Sunlight Requirement for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Suitable Location for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Pruning Requirement for Growing Dragon Fruit in pots
- Pollination Requirement for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Fertilizers for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Pests and Diseases in Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Harvesting Tips for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Quick Tips for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Read: Growing Pomegranate In Containers.
- Read:Growing Mushrooms.
- Growing Dragon in Pots:
- How to Plant Dragon Fruit in The Pots
- Planting Dragon Fruits in a Pots is Very Easy
- Preparing Planting Sites for Dragon Fruit
- Preparing Dragon Fruit Growing Media
- Preparing Pole
- Planting seeds
- Maintaining Seeds Dragon Fruit Up Ready to Harvest
Growing your own dragon fruit
Full-grown dragon fruit plants
Full sized, a dragon fruit tree is Medusa-inspired and basically unlovable.
My dragon fruit seedlings, days after germinating in Thailand
In December 2007, I had the bright idea to grow my own dragon fruit. The plants don’t bear fruit for seven years. “It’s ok,” I told Mother Nature. “I have time”. Fast-forward way too many years, and here’s what I’ve learned.
How to grow your own dragon fruit?
1. In a hot, humid, sunny climate (like Thailand)… Here’s some not-at-all-surprising news: the dragon fruit seeds I planted on Koh Samui have grown about 1,000 times faster than those I tried to grow in “cold country with actual winter”. As a cactus of sorts, they’ll thrive on neglect as well. If you have warmth, humidity and sunshine outside (or anything approximating it inside), you’ll have great success.
2. Growing dragon fruit in a cold climate… I planted some seeds in a pot at home, too (about a million – you get a lot in a dragon fruit). My results, all these years later? It turns out I don’t live in a perpetually sunny, humid, tropical oasis. While most of the seeds germinated right away, I ruthlessly culled the weak and, today, have three or four 10-inch long “cactus sticks”. They seem happy enough with my total neglect, though it seems unlikely they’ll ever fruit. In this environment, they’re just a curious-looking houseplant but it’s definitely been worth the experiment.
Sound good? Want to try growing your own dragon fruit? If I can do it, it’s definitely a novice gardening activity. Here’s how to grow your very own …
1. Get a major head-start
purple dragon fruit plant + white dragon fruit plant
To get a major head-start, begin with a dragon fruit plant. After twelve-plus years with my dragon fruit experiment (growing from seed with minimal sunlight), I basically have an extended dragon fruit cutting – do yourself a favour and skip the early stuff. (If you want to exactly replicate my methods, you would steal a piece of dragon fruit from a fruit plate at a hotel brunch and use those seeds. It’s free, but excruciatingly slow).
Otherwise, I recommend that you skip ahead and start with a cutting or a small plant. If you’re in “not tropical” conditions like me, this might save you a few years of wishful thinking.
2. Set it up for success
As a cactus, your dragon fruit wants really good drainage. It prefers mildly acidic soil, into which I chuck some earthworm castings (ph neutral) when I’m feeling generous. More than anything – it wants the sunshine its cactus-y heart deserves. If you can’t provide that at home, supplement with some fake sunshine to increase your success. I never provided this and, as such, we do not have a warm and loving relationship. It’s prickly =)
More tips for success: In a warm-ish climate, with decent sunshine (real or fake) and regular doses of worm castings or other nutrients, you should have good success with growing dragon fruit in a container – give it good drainage as well. My results (poor) involved none of the above. Do as I say, not as I did!
3. Water sparingly!
I like to play God with my dragon fruit babies – days/weeks/months of neglect and total drought and then, one day, a tropical storm from a vengeful watering can. If you’ve set your dragon fruit up in a cactus pot with good drainage, it won’t suffer from an occasional watering – but don’t water too often. (How do I know this? When your dragon fruit babies turn into rotten brown squoosh … you’ve Helicopter Parented them to death).
Then what happens?
Depending on your environment, you might one day end up with a fruiting dragon fruit – or certainly a flowering one. With such runaway success, you’ll quickly outgrow the houseplant phase and will move into larger containers and a dragon fruit that requires trellises or structural support. Otherwise – you might find yourself staring at a 6″ cactus-runt in twelve years’ time, slightly bemused at your personal science projects.
Are you now, officially, a Crazy Cactus Person in Training? In the meantime, here’s a taste of coming attractions:
Best of luck in growing dragon fruit; patience not included, but if you like bizarre side projects, growing dragon fruit is a good one. Enjoy!
P.S. If you’d like to expand your tropical expertise in the realm of Thai plants, you’ll want to read these:
- How to Cut up Pineapple (and Keep All 10 Fingers)
- How to Make a Pineapple Shake (Koh Samui-style)
- How to Make Lemongrass Towels (like a Thai Spa)
- How to Grow Your Own Thai Mangoes
Seeds are now available at our seed store.
A vining, terrestrial or epiphytic cactus, with fleshy stems reaching from a few inches up to 20ft long (in mature plants). The plant may grow out of, and over the ground or climb onto trees using aerial roots. Flowers are ornate and beautiful, and many related species are propagated as ornamentals. They bloom only at night, and usually last just one night where pollination is necessary to set fruit. In full production, pitahaya plants can have up to 4-6 fruiting cycles per year.
Will tolerate temperatures to 104F, and short periods of frost, but prolonged cold will damage or kill the plant.
Dragon Fruit grows best in dry, tropical or subtropical climates where annual rainfall ranges from 20-50″ per year. In wet, tropical zones, plants may grow well but sometimes have problems setting fruit reliably. The plants aren’t usually too picky as to soil type, but because of their epiphytic nature, it is recommended to grow them in soil that is supplemented with high amounts of organic material. The plant has been grown successfully in sandy soils. Shade is sometimes provided in hot climates.
By seed, or by stem cuttings.
Dragon fruit seeds are usually fairly easy to germinate but show variable germination rates. Fresh (undried) seeds will germinate quite rapidly, usually within just a few days. Dried seeds show longer germination periods and often germinate within 1-4 weeks, though some groups may need up to 8 weeks for germination. Plant seeds 1/4-1/2″ deep in moist, sterile soil. Keep soil temperature consistent at 70-85F. Cool soils will significantly delay seed germination time and may inhibit germination completely.
Dragon fruit seeds are small and very fragile, so handle with care. Also take care in watering not to jostle the soil as seeds can become deeply buried where they may fail to breach the soil surface and rot.
Estimated germination time under optimal conditions: 1-4 weeks, though occasionally up to 8 weeks.
The fruit is popular eaten chilled, out of hand. It is also used to flavor drinks and pastries. Unopened flowerbuds are cooked and eaten as vegetables.
The exact origin is unknown, but is likely from Southern Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador and Costa Rica. It is cultivated around the world in tropical regions.
Peruvian Apple Cactus
Orange Apple Cactus
Learning how to grow dragon fruit is really not that hard! Dragon fruit is a cactus that is actually quite adaptive to its environment.
You’ve seen this strange looking fruit in the grocery store. The bright pink skin with alien green spines is hard to miss. But have you ever tried a dragon fruit?
This exotic fruit is really unique and yummy! It is super hydrating and especially satisfying when chilled, and the tiny black seeds add a nice crunch to the sweet and soft flesh.
Dragon fruit garden in California.
Aside from the deliciously delicate flavor, the fruit of a dragon fruit tree is extremely healthy. It’s full of antioxidants, easy to digest carbohydrates, and omega fatty acids in the seeds.
It might look intimidating, but the skin of this fruit is actually quite soft and the spines on the outside won’t stab you when you hold the fruit.
There are many ways to use dragon fruit including sauces, salsas, and smoothies, but it’s actually quite good sliced in half and eaten out of its skin with a spoon.
The lucious magenta fruit of the Pitaya cactus.
Who can grow dragon fruit?
If you want to grow dragon fruit cactus, I say go for it!
It’s especially easy in warm environments, but if you have a greenhouse or sun porch, you can grow dragon fruit in colder environments.
Dragon fruit is an exotic fruit, and in most of the southern US, you can grow a dragon fruit plant in pots on your patio if you’re careful to protect it from cold weather. If you live in US Hardiness Zones 10-11, you’ll be able to grow dragon fruit outdoors year round.
In other zones, you’ll want to grow your dragon fruit in a container so you can bring it indoors for the winter. The ideal growing temperatures for dragon fruit are between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Anything below 32F will kill your plant. Anything over 100F will damage the fruit and cause it to wilt.
Rows of dragon fruit trees on a farm in California.
How to grow dragon fruit in a container
Choose a container that is at least 10 inches deep and 24 inches wide. This equates to about a 10-gallon pot.
Dragon fruit, also known as Pitaya, is a vining cactus, so you will need to provide a sturdy support in your container. Otherwise, the cactus will grow over the edges of your container and sprawl along the ground until it finds something to climb.
Make sure to use a sandy, well draining soil made for cactus plants. If your container does not have several drain holes, then you will need to add them so the roots of the plant never become soggy.
Pick a sunny location for your dragon fruit plant. At least 6-8 hours of sun. The plant will tolerate some shade, and may even require it in very warm environments.
Remember, anything over 100 degrees Fahrenheit will damage your dragon fruit.
Over watering will kill your dragon fruit. So give it a light mist or drip when the soil is dry, but the plant is not wilting. A drip line or mister from above works well for these plants.
To accomplish this, install a drip line and attach it to the center support in your container. Place the drip nozzle at the top of the support line and let it run down the pole.
This is the most effective way to water your dragon fruit and will keep it very happy.
Growing dragon fruit from cuttings
You can start dragon fruit seedlings from the seeds inside the fruit, but it is recommended that you grow dragon fruit from cuttings.
There are many varieties of dragon fruit that range in color, flavor, and production. Some dragon fruit need to be hand pollinated, some rarely set fruit even when pollinated. Some take longer to ripen, and some take a very short period to ripen.
The best way to know what you are getting is to grow your dragon fruit from cuttings supplied from a nursery or good friend.
Be gentle with the roots of your cutting, and try not to disturb them too much. Gentle loosening of the small roots on the surface of the rootball is adequate. Plant your dragon fruit in fertile, sandy soil level with the rootball.
Rows of dragon fruit cuttings in the foreground. Dragon fruit growing in containers and up the wall in the background.
Fertilizing dragon fruit
Cacti are low maintenance plants. They are NOT heavy feeders and do not require a lot of fertilizer. In fact, over fertilization will harm your plant. Choose an organic, low nitrogen fertilizer and apply at planting and then every other month…or less.
Learn how to tell if your fertilizer is low in nitrogen with these fertilizer basics.
Dragon fruit flowering and pollination
One of the coolest things about the dragon fruit is its flowers. They are stunning white blooms that only open for one night! Some, but not all varieties of dragon fruit are self-pollinating.
Stunning white flowers of the Pitaya cactus.
If you choose a variety that is not self-pollinating, then you will need to rely on pollinators like bees or get out early in the morning and pollinate the plants yourself. For best results, choose a self-pollinating plant.
How to tell when dragon fruit is ripe
Once your dragon fruit plant sets fruit, wait to harvest it until it turns color. Most dragon fruit will turn a gorgeous bright pink magenta color, but some are bright yellow.
In general, the longer it stays on the plant, the sweeter it gets. In most cases, a dragon fruit takes about 30 days to ripen.
Ants will sometimes eat your fruit before you can harvest it, so watch out for those nasty pests!
If you do find you’re having trouble with ants, try one of these 57 all-natural ways to get rid of ants.
Fruits growing on a dragon fruit tree.
Dragon fruit recipes
Eating your dragon fruit is the best part!
A chilled fruit tastes much better, in my opinion. Slice your fruit in half and eat it out of its shell with a spoon. So amazingly delicious!
Dragon fruit tastes great in all sorts of recipes. Try one of these!
Pitaya Plant Propagation: Growing A New Dragon Fruit Plant
If you’re looking for an absolutely unique and beautiful fruit to grow, try propagating a dragon fruit. Dragon fruit, or pitaya (Hylocereus undatus), is the name of both the cactus and the fruit it bears. Native to Central America, pitaya plant propagation also occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of China, Israel, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand and Nicaragua. Interested in growing a new dragon fruit of your own? Read on to find out how to propagate pitaya.
Pitaya is commonly referred to as dragon fruit in English and is a reflection of its Chinese name which literally means ‘fire dragon fruit.’ It is also called pitahaya, night-blooming cereus, and strawberry pear, amongst other nomenclatures.
Dragon fruit is a perennial, epiphytic climbing cactus that has fleshy, jointed green stems composed of three horny scalloped wings. Depending upon the variety, each wing has one to three short spines.
Both the fruit and the flowers are edible, although generally only the fruit is eaten. As the name ‘night blooming cereus’ indicates, pitaya only blooms at night, opening in the evening and lasting until mid-morning the next day – just long enough to be pollinated by nocturnal moths. Blossoms are highly aromatic, bell shaped and yellowish-green and are around
a foot long and 9 inches (30 cm. long by 23 cm. wide) across. The resulting fruit is produced in the summer.
About Dragon Fruit Propagation
Before growing a new dragon fruit plant, it’s important to know a few things about its needs. Dragon fruit is a climbing cactus that will require some type of support to grow up on.
Although pitaya is a tropical to subtropical plant and needs heat and sun, it’s better to situate the new plant in a dry area with partial sun.
Pitaya doesn’t’ like cold weather and, in fact, can only survive short spurts of freezing temps and frost. But, if you live in a cooler climate or in an apartment without access to a garden, don’t fret, pitaya plant propagation is still possible. Dragon fruit plants adapt well to container growing, and the beauty of propagating a dragon fruit in a pot is the ability to move it and overwinter the plant indoors.
How to Propagate Pitaya
Dragon fruit propagation occurs either from seed or stem cuttings. Propagation from seed is less reliable and will require patience, as the time from propagation to fruit production may take up to 7 years. Propagation is more commonly accomplished via the use of stem cuttings.
To propagate stem cuttings, obtain a 6- to 15-inch (12-38 cm.) stem segment. Make a slanted cut at the base of the stem and treat it with a fungicide. Leave the treated stem segment to dry for 7-8 days in a dry, shaded area. After that time, dip the cutting into a root hormone and then plant directly in the garden or in a well-draining soil in a container. Cuttings will grow rapidly and may produce fruit 6-9 months from propagation.
If you would rather try your luck propagating from seed, cut a dragon fruit in half and scoop out the seeds. Separate the pulp from the seeds in a bucket of water. Place the seeds on a moist paper towel to dry overnight.
The next day, fill a tray with well-draining seed starting mix. Sprinkle the seeds onto the surface of the soil and lightly cover them with a sprinkle of medium, just barely covering them. Moisten with a spray bottle and cover with plastic wrap. Keep the soil moist. Germination should occur in 15-30 days.
When the seeds have germinated, remove the plastic wrap and transplant them to larger pots.
Propagating Dragon Fruit From Cuttings
Dragon fruit, or pitaya, is a cactus fruit that tastes delicious, is nutritious, and grows well in warm-winter climates (it doesn’t like temperatures below 40° F). We’ve wanted to grow it for years, but haven’t had room to trellis it up a wall, because it requires support. The other day while walking past a meandering dragon fruit plant, however, we couldn’t resist taking a cutting or two.
Dragon fruit, like many cacti, is easy to propagate. Simply trim the end and plop it in soil. But there are a few specifics to note along the way. Here’s the breakdown.
Segments of dragon fruit we snipped from a prolific roadside plant.
Trim the Ends
Dragon fruit grows in segments, so it’s easy to take a cutting at one of the narrow points along a segment. But new roots don’t grow well from the narrow, woody end. Cut the end off to create more surface area along the tender part of the plant.
Make a clean cut through all sides of the fruit. Cut at least 1-2 inches off the bottom of each piece. Discard this part.
Prepare your Pots
While it’s well-known that cactus prefers “cactus mix” potting soil with plenty of sand, dragon fruit actually likes regular ol’ potting soil. You may want to add a little more sand or perelite to your mix, but any sandy loam potting soil will do.
Prepare pots for cuttings
Two of our cuttings were fairly long, longer than the advised size of 5-6 inches. We decided to leave them long to see how it worked. We trimmed two smaller segments that were on the short side (about 3″) as well (one of which had a root forming already). We’ll see which does best.
Place cuttings 2 inches deep in soil.
Potting the Dragon Fruit
Dig a hole in the middle of your pot and place the cutting 2 to 3 inches deep. Backfill the soil and compress it slightly to keep the cutting upright.
Cover with soil and firm around the edges
Water the Baby Dragon Fruit
Water enough to moisten the soil but not saturate it. Remember, these are cactus plants. They don’t need a lot of water.
Water the cuttings but don’t soak them.
Place the cuttings in partial shade so they can take root without stress. It may take a few weeks for them to begin generating roots. Root growth is obvious when you start to see new top growth as well.
Dragon fruit cuttings in partial shade.
Once these develop roots, we’ll transplant them to larger pots next to a wall with a trellis…once we figure out where. Ah, the sign of a true Gardenerd–acquiring plants before you know where to put them!
We’ll post updates as they grow. Stay tuned.
Growing Dragon in Pots:
The following information is about Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots.
Introduction To Dragon Fruit
The dragon fruit is commonly known as “Pitaya” or “Pitahaya” a fruit from cactus species. Dragon fruit refers to the fruit of the genus Hylocereucs. Dragon fruits are native to Mexico, Costa Rica, and El Salvador. Dragon fruits are cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. the dragon fruit plant is a climbing plant, that needs to support to climb. When the plant matures, if forms aerial roots from the branches of plants so they need support to grow. The dragon fruit plant loves heat and it thrives well in dry areas with partial sun. the flowers of plants are unique, flower is large, and blooms open only at night and expels an amazing scent that at night. Dragon fruit plants not only produces delicious fruits, but they are also the best ornamental plants. Dragon fruits are used in jams, ice creams, fruit juice, and wine.
The dragon fruits come in dark red color, pink or yellow colors. These fruits have very thin skin covered with scales with a tasty red or white pulp in the center made of fruit. Dragon fruits can be grown from seeds or cuttings or by purchasing a potted plant. Let us discuss more Growing Dragon Fruit in upcoming sections of this content.
- Scientific Name for Dragon Fruit: HylocereusUndatus (White fleshed Dragon Fruit/White Pithaya), HylocereusCostaricensis (Red-fleshed Dragon Fruit, Red-fleshed Pitaya), HylocereusMegalanthus (yellow Pitaya, yellow dragon fruit).
- Family: Dragon Fruit belongs to family Cactus.
- Common Names: Pitaya, Strawberry Pear, Belle of the Night, Nanettika Fruit, Cactus Fruit, Night Blooming Cereus.
Varieties for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
Dragon fruits are of two varieties Stenocereus (sour dragon fruits/sour pitaya) and Hylocereus (sweet dragon fruit or sweet pitaya)
- Stenocereus: these dragon fruits are common fruits in areas of the USA, these have a sour and refreshing taste
- Dragon Fruit Hylocereus: These dragon fruits are sweet fruits comes in different colors. There are three types of sweet dragon fruits.
- White-fleshed Dragon Fruits or Pitaya Blanca or HylocereusUndatus: these fruits have pink-skinned fruit with white flesh, these are most commonly seen dragon fruits.
- Red-Fleshed Dragon Fruits or Pitaya Rosa or HylocereusPolyrhizus: these fruits have red skin with red flesh.
- Yellow Pitaya/ Yellow Amarilla or SelenicereusMegalanthus or HylocereusMegalanthus: these fruits have yellow-skinned fruit with white flesh.
Suitable Pots for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- The Ideal size of the pot is 15-24 inches in diameter and 10-12 inches in depth.
- Pots should have a good draining system. Pots should have 2 to 3 drain holes.
- Use plastic pots, clay pots, terracotta pots, up drums or cans for growing dragon fruits.
- For healthy growth of the plant use pots made of clay that keeps the temperature of the plant.
- Bigger the size of the pot, better the growth of dragon fruit.
Ideal Season for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Dragon fruit loves to grow in a tropical climate can also be grown in sub-tropical climates.
- Accept freezing winters, dragon fruits can be planted in spring, fall and summer season.
- Ideal temperature should be 20 to 30 degrees.
- It thrives well in dry and wet climates.
- The dragon fruit plant can survive short periods of freezing temperatures and frost. But may spoil in longer periods of frost.
Suitable Soil for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- The dragon fruits grow in well-drained fertile soil.
- Soil using should very sandy if using garden soil or poor soil, add some quality river sand to increase its draining capacity.
- It is recommended to use cactus mix is a good growing medium for growing cactus family plants. Cactus potting soils are available in the nurseries, garden centers or online.
- If the cactus potting mix is not available to use a good quality potting mix with sand or perlite, organic manure, and compost in the ration of 2:3:1:1.
- Mix all the ingredients thoroughly and fill the container with potting soil allow to stay overnight before planting.
Read:Harvesting Techniques of Fruits and Vegetables.
Propagating Methods for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
the dragon fruits can be propagated by seeds and cutting or buying potted plants from nurseries. Propagating the dragon fruits is easy and grow very fast. Buying potted plants are mostly recommended. Growing dragon fruit plants from seeds is a time taking process.
Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots from Seeds
- Dragon fruit seeds can be purchased from the local markets or can be collected from fresh fruits.
- For collecting the seeds from fresh fruits, cut dragon fruit and scoop out seeds from the pulp. Wash the seeds and wrap them in a paper towel. And dry them overnight.
- For sowing seeds, use seed starting mix and seedling tray.
- Seed starting mix can be peat + Perlite in 1:1 ration.
- Fill the seedling tray or seedling pots with the potting soil.
- Sprinkle the seeds over the surface of the soil and cover the seeds with a thin layer of the potting soil.
- Keep the soil moist constantly and cover the pot with a plastic wrap.
- Seeds take 15 to 30 days to germinate.
- After germinating, remove the plastic wrap and transplant into the desired pot and place it in a warm location with partial shade.
- Once the seedling starts growing, insert steel for support and tie the branches to the rod with wires.
- Water regularly and feed the plants with balanced fertilizer regularly.
Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots from Cuttings
- Growing dragon fruits from cutting are the best and easy method for propagating.
- Stems should be cut properly from a healthy plant. Use a sharp knife to cut the cutting from the plant.
- Length of the cutting should be 6 to 16 inches, collected from the plant that produces fruit.
- Cutting should be collected only in the early morning.
- Immerse the cuttings in a liquid fungicide for a few seconds and dry it.
- Now place the cuttings in a shady and cool location with good circulation for 5 to 6 days, this increases the disease resistance in cuttings and fastens the growth.
- Now fill the container with potting mix to a half and place the climbing pole and fill the pot. Now plant the cuttings about 3-5 inches deep beside the rods and tie with wire loosely.
- Keep the soil moist and place the pot in a sunny location.
- Dragon fruit cuttings take 5 to 7 weeks to germinate depending on stem cuttings and climatic conditions.
- Once the cutting become firm and form a root system, feed the plant with balanced organic liquid fertilizer.
Watering Requirements for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- The dragon fruit plant doesn’t require flooding water. Overwatering can cause rotting in the plants.
- Keep the potting mix moist constantly.
- Once the dragon fruit plant climbs the poles, keeping the pole moist is recommended.
- The dragon fruit plant can tolerate severe drought conditions for a long period.
Sunlight Requirement for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Dragon fruits love sunlight.
- Thrives well in partial to full sun.
- These plants can also be grown in bright shade areas.
- The leaves of the dragon fruits should be exposed to sunlight for fast growing.
- The dragon fruit plant requires 6 to 7 hours of sunlight per day.
- Adequate sunlight fastens the growth of the plant and increases blooms and fruiting.
Suitable Location for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Dragons fruits grow in warm, dry and humid areas.
- So, the place the container where it gets a good amount of light and air.
- The terrace gardens, balconies, backyards, front yards, and outdoor gardens.
- Dragon fruits can be grown in indoor where it can good amount of light and air, the window sill is the ideal location for indoor gardening.
Pruning Requirement for Growing Dragon Fruit in pots
- Pruning the done to maintain the compact size of the plant, for growing dragon fruits in pots pruning is a compulsory act.
- The Dragon fruit plant can grow up to 20 feet height, but if you want to keep it in a preferred height, just prune the branches.
- Keeping the plant compact can make the plant stronger and increases the yields.
Pollination Requirement for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Pollination in plants increases the fruits. But most of the varieties of dragon fruit plants are self-pollinating only some varieties need cross-pollination.
- Moths, bats, and bees pollinate the dragon fruit plant, or hand pollination can also be the best option for home gardening.
- For hand pollination, collect the pollen for other dragon fruit plant using a cotton swab or smooth brush and then rub the pollen on the stigma of your plant.
- Hand pollination should be done during the night or early in the morning.
- If your plant is flowering and unable to bear fruit this indicates that it is not self-pollinating. Do hand pollination to increase yield.
Fertilizers for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- If your growing dragon fruits from seeds, start feeding plant when it reaches 4 to 5 inches height.
- If your growing dragon fruits from cuttings, start feeding the plant after 6 to 7 months. A dragon fruit cutting takes a minimum of 5 months to form a complete root system.
- Feed the plants with slow-release fertilizers with low nitrogen levels once in two months.
- Can use all-purpose commercial fertilizer for feeding, using an organic fertilizer with low nitrogen levels is recommended.
- If using Organic fertilizer, they should be applied once in 3 months.
- To increase the fruit production: feed the plants with Urea, Phosphate, Potassium in a ratio of 1:1:2 before the flowering season and after the harvesting seasons.
- Over-fertilizing can harm the growth of the plant.
Pests and Diseases in Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Common pests that trouble dragon fruit plants are mealybug and aphids. These insects suck the sweet sap of the plant and will spoil the growth.
- Ants are also a major problem; the ants will run upon the plant and sucks the sap.
- Plants are also affected by spider mites and thrips, these can slow the growth of the plant.
- Use Neem oil or Horticultural oil spray or mild soapy water spray can treat these pests. Don’t use commercial organic pesticides to treat pests.
- Diseases that affect dragon fruit are Dragon Spots, these spots occur on the stems and leaves of the plant due to bacteria. This disease can spread easily from plant to plant.
- Use an organic fungicide to treat diseases in dragon fruits. Using commercial potting mixes and watering at the base of the plant without making branches wet can control fungal and bacterial diseases.
- The Plant can be affected with sunburns during the hottest time of the summer season when the sun is sweltering hot.
- And the plant suffers from rot due to overwatering. Using well-drained soils can protect the plants from rotting.
Harvesting Tips for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- The Dragon fruit plant grown from seeds takes 5 to 6 years for producing fruits.
- The Dragon fruit plant grown from cutting takes 3 to 4 years for producing fruits.
- The Dragon fruit plant bears fruit for five months every year. The plant blooms in early summer (mainly in June). The flowers first form some small buds within 13 days for their formation. And these buds transform into fruits after the flowering and pollination occur. The dragon fruit plant produces flowers throughout the fruit-bearing seasons.
- The plant bears fruit from the end of July to the end of November. Fruits can be harvested five to six times during the fruit-bearing season.
- A dragon fruit plant can produce fruit up to 20 to 30 years.
- The plant produces fruit after 30 to 50 days of flowering.
- Pick the fruits when the color of fruit changes from green to red or pink or yellow depending on the variety. It is better to harvest after four days of color changing.
- Or if you are planning export or planning to for a long period, pick them on the next day after of color changing.
Quick Tips for Growing Dragon Fruit in Pots
- Warm and dry weather with moist soil can increase the fruiting period of the dragon fruit plant.
- At a constant temperature of 26 degrees, the dragon fruit plant can produce early flowers and fruits beyond the normal bearing season.
- A long period of cool climates can shorten the fruit-bearing period of the plant.
- Good watering frequencies will produce more juicy and tasty fruits during fruit bearing seasons.
- The dragon fruit belongs to the cactus family, and these family plants need water and fertilizer for proper growth. Use organic or inorganic fertilizer at a specified time and in a specified amount
- The dragon fruit plant needs support to climb, use wooden or concrete poles for support.
- 10 to 30% sandy soils rich in organic matter provide a best-growing medium for the dragon fruit plants.
- Give a minimum of 1-inch water per week for the healthy growth of the plant.
- Harvesting the stem cuttings every year will keep the plant growth under control, maintaining the compact size of the plant will make the plant stronger with more fruits.
- Hot summers are ideal growing seasons for dragon fruit plant, feed the plant once in a month with natural or organic fertilizers during the summer season to fasten the growth. It is recommended to use fertilizers with low nitrogen levels for the cactus plants.
- The dragon fruit plant can be planted any time of year. As the dragon fruit plant is a self-established can survive at any time.
- During the very cold climates, the plant should be protected from freezing temperatures cover the plant with garden cloches or moving it to warm areas like the garage, greenhouses or indoor where the climate is warm.
- The Dragon fruit plants are not only grown for fruits, but many people also grew them as ornamental purposes. As the flowers of the plant are incredible.
Read: Growing Pomegranate In Containers.
How to Plant Dragon Fruit in The Pots
original link https://steemit.com/planting/@tusandii/how-the-dragon-fruit-cultivation-in-pots
Planting Dragon Fruits in a Pots is Very Easy
Dragon fruit is one type of fruit that is favored by the people . It is closely connected with the properties of dragon fruit it self. Dragon fruit is highly efficacious therapy for the healing of various diseases such as cancer prevention, boost immunity , lower cholesterol and prevent diabetes mellitus . Because of this , the demand are very large For Dragon fruit . Its never hurts to try this fruit business if they do not intend to sell it , you can consume it themselves. Perhaps , you thought that dragon fruit cultivation requires huge areas of land . All you need to know that now you can also cultivate dragon fruit at home even if you only have a small yard . Currently , maintain dragon fruit in pots become a trend among lovers of this fruit . If you are interested , please learn how the dragon fruit cultivation in pots below. Of course , before maintaining dragon fruit in pots there are several things you need to prepare.
Preparing Planting Sites for Dragon Fruit
Because you want to do engineering plant dragon fruit in pots then the first thing you should provide are as seedling pots as dragon fruit. Pot used for media empire dragon fruit is very flexible. You can use plastic pots, clay, cement, up drums or cans. To maximize the growth of dragon fruit, you should use a pot made of clay to keep the temperature of this plant. Use a large sized pot about 40 cm because the bigger the pot, the better so that the dragon fruit can grow up.
Preparing Dragon Fruit Growing Media
After determining the type of pot used for growing dragon fruit, it’s time to start farming with cropping media prepare beforehand. Prepare the sand, manure, soil, and compost. Comparison of each ingredient is 2: 3: 1: 1. Typically, farmers add powdered brick and agricultural lime to taste. Mix all ingredients until blended and then flush with water. Allow mixture to the planting media day and a night before being used to plant dragon fruit.
One of the functions of the mast is as a crutch so that the dragon fruit is not easily collapse. If the dragon fruit has been grown, the pole will be ridden by the plant roots. It would be better if the climbing pole made of steel diameter 8 cm to 10 cm. make sure that the pole is not easily shaken. You can give the legs on the pole in order to sustain a strong and sturdy roots dragon fruit.
You must consider how the dragon fruit seedlings so that plants can grow up. Of course, by understanding how to plant dragon fruit in a pot that’s right, you do not need to see these plants die because you do not know how to grow it. Although still in the form of seeds, seedlings should choose large. Choose seeds are dark green stems. Make sure also that the seeds are free of the disease. One of the tips to sow the dragon fruit is about the size of the seed. The ideal size dragon fruit seedlings ready to be planted in a pot is about 30cm. After selecting a good quality seed, planted at a depth of about 10cm around the pole you’ve prepared earlier. No need to plant dragon fruit seeds too deep, is not good for growing dragon fruit itself. Tidy up the soil around the seedlings of dragon fruit by pressing the soil. In addition to smoothing the ground, hit the ground also serves to strengthen the dragon fruit seedlings that are not easily collapse. After making sure that the seed is embedded with a perfect, flush the pots with water. Put a pot of dragon fruit seedlings in areas exposed to direct sunlight. As described above, Planting dragon fruit in the pot is very easy to do. Not much different way by planting crops in general. If you are a connoisseur of dragon fruit, no one tried to grow it yourself at home with potting medium.
Maintaining Seeds Dragon Fruit Up Ready to Harvest
Once planted not mean you leave it in the pot. Of course, you should keep it well so that later the dragon fruit can be harvested and you really feel the fresh dragon fruit. There are some things that need to be done when maintaining dragon fruit. You should perform regular fertilization. If possible, use natural fertilizers to obtain dragon fruit is really healthy. In addition, you also have to do regular watering in order to grow dragon fruit is fresh and can be harvested as scheduled. After some time, the dragon fruit seedlings will be dragon fruit trees. For that, you also need to cut the branch. Occasionally check the roots and pole climbing. Still make sure that the plant is still sturdy and collapse. if required, tie trunks with wire or rope to the pole climbing. Later, you will get the red dragon fruit fresh and delicious from your own pot.