Grow tropical fruit trees

Growing Passionfruit Vines(Passiflora Edulis And Passiflora Edulis F. Flavicarpa)

Growing passionfruit is too difficult here, they told me. The climate is too harsh, the soil is too poor, the termites will eat them, a wilt disease or the nematodes will get them…

That was disheartening, because in most of Australia passionfruit is dead easy to grow.

I have to admit that my climate and soil do present extreme challenges. I usually say, “If I can grow it, anybody can!”

Well, I did eventually work out how to successfully grow passionfruit, even here. Very successfully! Passionfruit is one of the fruits that I give away by the shopping bag full. My kitchen bench is always full of them when they are in season, my fridge is full, the freezer is full of pulp, and I still eat last year’s when next year’s crop starts.

I do have a little secret to growing passionfruit so successfully, beyond the growing methods that I explain below. I share that secret on the page where I talk about passionfruit in permaculture designs.

How To Grow Passionfruit Vines

What Is Passionfruit? What Do Passionfruit Vines Look Like?

I’ve been asked about growing passionfruit trees. Well, you already know it from my headline, the passionfruit is a climbing vine. More precisely, it is a very vigorous and fast growing climbing vine.

Passionfruit vines have large, three lobed leaves, little tendrils that wrap themselves around whatever they can get hold of, and the most gorgeous flowers of all fruits in my garden. (Ok, after pineapples.)

The fruit is either yellow or purple (depending on the variety, see below), round, and about 5-8 cm/2-3 inches across. It has a smooth, thick, pithy rind, filled with sweet, aromatic pulp, juice and seeds.

Passionfruit vines climb up any support, readily and rapidly, and they climb as high as the support will allow.

Passionfruit Varieties, Tropical Passionfruit

There are two main passionfruit varieties.
(Plus a bunch of lesser known passionfruits and related granadillas.)

Passiflora edulis is the purple passionfruit.
Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa is the golden passionfruit, also called tropical passionfruit.

The purple passionfruit is a native of Brazil and is the sweeter of the two.
Nobody knows where the tropical passionfruit originated. The tropical passionfruit is slightly bigger and slightly more acidic.

Commercial growers in cooler climates often use hybrid varieties of the purple and golden passionfruit. That way they get a plant with large fruit that tolerates cooler weather.
The hybrids have all kinds of fancy names, SuperSweet, Lacey, Purple Gold etc.

The variety Panama confuses people, because it can be purple. However, Panama is a true tropical passionfruit of the type flavicarpa (which is usually golden). It is also called purple flavicarpa or Panama Red. Even though it seems to be a mix, it is not a hybrid!

If you live in a truly tropical climate you are obviously best of with a flavicarpa variety. They don’t call them tropical passionfruit for no reason.

In a climate with cooler winters you want a purple passionfruit (P. edulis) or even a hybrid cultivar.

My climate is tropical and I grow the tropical kind, both golden and purple flavicarpa (i.e. Panama red).

What Do Passionfruits Like And Dislike?

Like all fast growing plants passionfruit needs a lot of nutrients. That lush green foliage has to come from somewhere, it can not materialise out of nothing. So passionfruit vines need fertile soils, probably additional fertiliser, and they appreciate all the compost and mulch you can spare.

They also need full sun, a warm climate, and protection from wind. A sunny, sheltered site in a frost free climate is ideal. There are some purple varieties that can handle the odd very light frost. And sometimes, even though the top of a vine is killed by frost, the roots reshoot. However, the warmer the climate, the easier it is to grow passionfruit.

Passionfruit need something to climb over. A fence, a water tank, a trellis, anything will do. Watch where you plant them, because they will be up in the crown of a nearby tree before you know…

Passionfruit plants have a vulnerable root system. A healthy soil, teeming with worms and microbes and lots of organic matter is your best bet. If your soil is poor you will get problems with wilt diseases, root rot and nematodes. Heavy clay soils also cause problems with rot diseases.

Watering: The root system of a passionfruit vine is small for the size of the plant it has to sustain. Especially while a passionfruit is fruiting it needs a lot of water. It needs a very regular water supply at all times.
However, passionfruit can’t handle waterlogged soil. Make sure your site is free draining.

Growing Passionfruit Seeds

If I can grow something from seed I will. If I can grow something from the seed of store bought fruit, even better. Why spend money on a nursery plant if you don’t need to?

Growing passionfruit seeds is not hard. The seed just needs to be fresh. For some reason old seed takes a lot longer to germinate. So buy some nice passionfruit, separate half a dozen seeds from the pulp, and plant them as soon as possible. They take about ten to twenty days to germinate.

If you buy your seed then it’s likely older, so be prepared to wait. Old passionfruit seeds can take months to germinate. The best way seems to be to just put them in the garden and leave them be, and eventually they come up. Or not.

There are some tricks like soaking the seeds in warm water first, and some people swear by vinegar. Others report their acidic soil seems to do the job.
I believe in fresh seed. Whenever I used fresh seed it came up without problems.

A passionfruit seedling.

Reasons Not To Grow Passionfruit From Seed

Seeds of hybrid varieties do not grow true to type. If you live in a cooler climate the passionfruit you buy may be a hybrid variety. If you grow that seed you don’t know what kind of fruit you will get. It will be nothing like the parent plant and probably not very nice.

Find out what the fruit is that you buy, or buy the seed so you know what you are planting, or even buy a plant from a nursery.

Another reason for not growing passionfruit from seed is the high susceptibility of the purple varieties and the hybrids to the root disease Fusarium wilt. Luckily, resistant root stocks exist (flavicarpa varieties).
If Fusarium wilt is a problem in your soil, and if you need to grow susceptible varieties because of your cool climate, then you may want to invest in a grafted plant from a nursery.

Ah, it’s nice to live in the true tropics. All tropical passionfruits are reasonably resistant to Fusarium wilt and they are also more resistant to nematodes, another problem when growing passionfruit.

Planting Passionfruit Vines

You can plant out your seedlings when they are about eight inches high (20 cm). If you wait too long and they are much bigger than that, prune them back as you plant them out. It helps reduce moisture loss while the root system settles in.

Make sure that whatever support you have in mind is strong enough for the vine. They do get huge and heavy pretty quickly and need something sturdy.

Young passionfruit vine starting to climb up a tree.

Also be aware that a vigorously growing passionfruit will climb over any- and everything it can reach and can quickly smother plants. Make your own life easier by growing passionfruit away from other shrubs and trees.

(Note to self: I should heed that advice myself.)

Not long after, the same passionfruit vine is climbing over several tree tops, way out of reach.

Be careful to disturb the roots as little as possible. Dig a big enough hole, at least twice as big as the root ball, and ideally mix the soil with compost before you back fill. Then mulch thickly around the plant.

In the early days you may have to train your vine up the support by carefully tying it.

But it will quickly get the message. As soon as there is something for the little tendrils to grab hold of, say the first wire on your trellis, it will climb on its own.

Feeding And Watering Passionfruit Vines

Yep, plenty of both, please.

Passionfruit needs a steady supply of both water and nutrients.

Of course, as always, don’t overdo it. Overwatering can lead to root problems. Make sure you don’t have water puddling or not draining away.

Overfeeding can also lead to problems. Too much nitrogen (most commercial fertilisers are heavy on nitrogen) will lead to lots of soft green leaves, attractive to all sorts of insects and diseases, but you get little fruit.

So, lots of compost, lots of mulch, and the odd sprinkle of a balanced, organic, slow release fertiliser.

Pollination Of Passionfruit

Now here is an issue that I only became aware of when readers started asking me about it.
Or rather, asking why their healthy and profusely flowering passionfruit vines did not set any fruit.
Or why the fruit was small and hollow rather than filled with delicious, juicy pulp.

There are several possible reasons for this:

  • Even though the purple passionfruit is self-fruitful (meaning a flower can be pollinated with its own pollen) wind pollination does not work with passionfruit. The pollen is too sticky to be moved by wind.
    Passionfruit flowers rely exclusively on bees for pollination. No bees, no fruit.
    You can help your passionfruit by planting plenty of herbs and flowers in your garden that attract bees.
  • While purple passionfruit is self-fruitful, the yellow passionfruit is mostly self-incompatible and needs to be cross pollinated with another cultivar.
    So if yours is only the passionfruit vine near and far, you need to plant a second vine of a different cultivar.
  • The weather! Pollination works best in warm temperatures and humid conditions. If the air is too dry, or it is too hot or too cold, and also during torrential rains, pollination will be ineffective.

Since I grow several varieties of passionfruit in my garden, I never had a problem with pollination. Sure, I did notice that there were times when I had no fruit despite having many flowers. I contributed it (correctly) to the weather/temperatures and didn’t worry about it, since I knew that sooner or later I would be showered with passionfruit.

How Long Does Passionfruit Take To Fruit?

That depends on several factors. The tropical varieties fruit quicker than the purple passionfruit.

Any passionfruit will reach maturity sooner if growing in a warmer climate.

A passionfruit vine planted in spring fruits sooner than a passionfruit planted in autumn.

In ideal conditions (early spring planting in the tropics) you can get fruit within six months.
Autumn planting in a cooler climate means you may have to wait for over 12 months.

When To Harvest Passionfruit?

That’s what I love best about growing passionfruit. You don’t need to worry about harvesting them. When they are ready they’ll drop. Dropping on the ground does not hurt them the least bit, they will neither rot nor will they get eaten by insects, birds or anything else. (Ok, possibly the neighbour’s kids.)
Just collect your passionfruit as often as you feel like it.

When one of my passionfruit vines is in peak production I usually do it twice a day. My vines are very productive.
At other times I will pick up my red passionfruit daily. It has a much thinner skin and in my warm and humid climate I find it goes moldy on the inside unless I put it in the fridge straight away.

My yellow passionfruits do not mind lying on the ground in the sun for a few days, and then sitting on the kitchen bench for weeks. They shrivel up and look awful, but they are still juicy and delicious inside.

Pruning Passionfruit

Pruning passionfruit is essential.

Well, usually it is. I don’t always do it. Some of my passionfruit vines raced up into some huge trees and I can’t get to them. So I just let them be.

Anyway, most people grow passionfruit on much smaller structures, like fences or trellises. If you don’t prune your passionfruit you end up up with a thick, tangled mess of dead wood, and a plant that has lots of problems with fungal diseases.

Don’t be shy, take your cutters to it. In the tropics you can prune a passionfruit as soon as it has finished fruiting. In cooler climates prune passionfruit in early spring.

Cut out everything that is dead or weak, trim healthy branches by about a third, and even fully remove some of them. You have to keep the plant within bounds, you need to make sure that some air can circulate through the foliage, and you want to stimulate vigorous new growth. Passionfruit only sets fruit on new growth.

If your passionfruit is growing where it shouldn’t, or threatening to smother other plants, you can of course trim those shoots at any time.

How Long Does A Passionfruit Vine Live?

I already mentioned it, growing passionfruit can be tricky because they are very susceptible to all sorts of root problems. Usually the plants are not all that long lived, five to seven years is a long life for a passionfruit vine.

Commercial passionfruit growers work on a life span of three years for their passionfruit vines. However, a well tended, well fed vine in a good location in healthy soil may live a lot longer.

I find that after three years the productivity of a vine definitely decreases, so I don’t plan for them to live any longer than that. I simply start one or two new plants every other year. I’m lucky enough to have the space to do so.

If you don’t have that space you will need to watch your passionfruit carefully, so that if you notice problems you can replant in time.

Don’t be too disheartened if your healthy and productive vine after a few years suddenly dies. I’m afraid that passionfruit have a bad habit of doing just that.

If you follow permaculture design principles in your gardening methods, then your soil is improving all the time, and the next passionfruit will grow better and live longer.

To discover my secret of growing passionfruit in a supposedly impossible location, check out the page about passionfruit in permaculture designs.

You Might Also Like Growing These Fruits

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Banana

Bananas have their origin in tropical South-East Asia but are now found in almost all tropical regions of the world. Important banana producing countries include India, Philippines, China, Ecuador, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Costa Rica, Columbia and Thailand.

The genus Musa includes several species and cultivars of bananas. Some are used as fruits, some as vegetables.

Bananas are the world’s best-selling fruits, followed by apples and oranges. In 2010 the estimated world production was 102,114,819 Metric Tons (source FAOSTAT), which corresponds to about 15 kg per person (in 2010 the world had about 6.9 billion persons).

Bananas don’t grow on trees. The “banana tree” is in fact a herbaceous plant which looks like a tree.

Names

Scientific
Musa spp.
English
Banana
Plantain
Dutch
Banaan
Pisang
Spanish
Banana
Plátano
French
Bananier
German
Banane
Italian
Banana

Taxonomy

Genus
Musa
Family
Musaceae
Order
Zingiberales

Basic information and facts

Varieties, cultivars:

The genus Musa includes several species and cultivars of bananas. The most popular dessert banana is a cultivar called “Cavendish”. Fruits of most banana cultivars are yellow when ripe, but some
produce fruits with a red or purple color. There is a big variety n fruit texture and sweetness. Ripe fruits are eaten raw or cooked. Unripe bananas or plantains have a green color and are used in cooking.

Origin:

Tropical South-East Asia

Distribution:

Grown in almost all tropical regions

Evergreen or deciduous:

Evergreen

Leaves:

Bananas have big, oblong or elliptic leaves with fleshy stalks. Most plants have between 5 and 15 leaves, which are arranged in a spiral. leaves can be up to 3 meter long and 60 cm wide. Older leaves often get damaged and have a ragged appearance. Usually leaves are entirely green, but sometimes green with maroon spots, and sometimes they underside of the leaf may be
red purple in color.

Stem:

Bananas are herbaceous plants and have a pseudostem. Because of this pseudostem, which can reach 2-8 meter, they are sometimes mistaken for trees. The pseudostem is a cylinder of leaf-petiole
sheaths.

Climate and weather:

Tropical and near tropical regions.

Height:

Depending on the variety the plants can be up to 8 meter tall.

Blooming period

All year round

Type of soil:

Prefers deep, well-drained soil. Bananas can grow and produce fruits under very poor conditions.

Moisture:

Does not like water logging.

Growth rate:

Fast

Spacing (close range)

2 meter

Spacing (wide range)

3.5 meter

Propagation:

Banana plants have suckers that spring up around the main plant forming a clump or “stool’. When the main plant fruits and dies, it will be replaced by the the eldest sucker. This process of succession can continue forever.
The suckers are used for propagation. Suckers are usually transplanted just before they produce wide leaves that resemble those of the mature plant but smaller.
Banana seeds are only used for propagation in breeding programs.

Insect pests:

Black weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (= banana stalk borer, banana weevil borer), Thrips, Spider mites

Diseases:

Panama disease (fusarium wilt) is a soil fungus.
Black Sigatoka (=Black Leaf Streek) is a fungal leaf spot disease.
Banana Bunchy Top Virus is an aphid borne virus disease.

Other pests:

Various types of nematodes

Harvesting:

Banana bunches are harvested with a curved knife when the fruits are fully developed (75% mature). They then ripen naturally.

Uses:

Bananas are usually grown for the fruits, sometimes for the production of fibers, and sometimes they are grown as ornamental plants. In some countries the flower of the banana plant (also known as banana blossom or banana heart) is used as food. It can be eaten raw or it is cooked as an ingredient in soups and
curries.

Did you know that?

  • A “banana republic” is a small country that is politically unstable and whose economy is dominated by foreign companies and depends on one export product (such as bananas).
  • Bananas are the world’s best-selling fruit (next are apples and oranges).
  • Somebody who is “bananas” is insane or extremely silly.

Recipes

Fruit salad with banana

Ingredients:

200 ml orange juice, 1 cup seedless grapes, 1 orange (peeled and cut in cubes), 1 banana (peeled and sliced), 1 peach or nectarine (pitted
and cut in cubes).

Instructions:

Mix the fruits. Pour the juice over the fruit. Serve cold (refrigerated).

Fried banana

Ingredients:

Bananas (not too ripe), rice flower, salt, sugar, baking powder,dried coconut, white sesame, soda water, oil for frying

Instructions:

Mix well the rice flower, salt, sugar, baking powder and dried coconut together. Slowly add soda water and stir the mixture at the same time. Continue stirring and then add the white sesame. Slice the bananas. Heat the oil in the pan. Put banana in the mixture then use the spoon to take the banana covered with the mixture and fry it in the oil. Remove fried banana when it turns yellow. Keep it for a moment in a sieve. Expose the fried banana to air: it will turn to be crispy. Serve it while it is warm.
Remark: Do not cover the fried banana because then it becomes soft.

Syrup banana

Ingredients:

Bananas (1 cluster, about 17 fruits), 500 gram sugar, 1.5 liter water, 1 teaspoon salt, limewater, coconut milk head or put the can of coconut milk in fridge and scrape the thick part floating on top.

Instructions:

Peel the bananas. Divide each into 4 pieces then keep them in lime water for 15 minutes (or just in clean in water if you don’t have lime water). Boil 1.5 liters of water with sugar and salt then add the banana. Stir the mixture and close the lid. When it gets to boil, slow down the fire and half open the lid. Leave it to boil (simmer on a slow fire), never stir it nor add water, until it become a syrup; it takes about 3 hours. Prepare the topping by mixing the coconut milk head with a little bit of salt. Serve while it is warm, topping it with the coconut milk.
Remark: Some kind of bananas turn to be red color, others turn to be yellow color. Do not use the ripe banana, because after cooking it will turn to be sloppy.

Crop categories

Fruits
Vegetables
Fruit vegetables
Flower vegetables
Food crops
Tropical crops
Staple food

Pictures

BananaBanana in jhum Bandarban BangladeshBanana near tree trunk, Bandarban, BangladeshBananaBanana

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In the industry, they’re known as exotic fruits or specialty produce, and some people might think of these fruits and vegetables as unusual, uncommon, or simply strange.

Although exotic fruits and vegetables still represent a small percentage of all produce sales, some things once introduced as specialty items are now mainstream and not considered exotic anymore. In fact, most exotic fruits can be grown right here in the USA.

This article is inspired by the plants growing on my dad’s farm in southern California. His farm produces avocados, dragon fruit, and finger limes for sale to large chains like Whole Foods.

It’s an amazing place, and I love being there. All of these photos (except the passion flower and fruit) were taken at his farm!

7 exotic fruits you can grow in the United States

Here is a list of exotic fruits you can grow in your backyard. Most of these exotic fruits won’t tolerate cold weather or frost, but some of them can still be grown in containers.

Avocados

Although it might not seem like it would show up on a list of exotic fruits, avocados were, once upon a time, new to the average American consumer. But these days most everyone enjoys freshly made guacamole dip, and avocados are now commonplace in grocery stores.

Avocados grow into large trees. Here you can see fruit hanging from an avocado plant.

If you’ve never tried avocados, don’t be alarmed by their bright green colored flesh!

These fruits have a smooth and delicious texture and flavor that makes them great on sandwiches and in salads, blended into sauces and dressings, and can even be used as an alternative to butter and oil to add healthy fat and flavor to things like pudding and cake.

Avocados grow on big trees in US hardiness zones 8-11. Some varieties of avocado are more tolerant of cold weather than others.

Here is a great resource for learning about the different types of avocados, and this one will help you decide which will grow best in your region.

While you can grow an avocado tree from the pit (seed) inside the fruit, you should know that it will be about 5 years before you get any fruit off of it.

If you want to grow your own avocados, you’re better off buying a 2 or 3 year old avocado tree from a nursery. Plant your avocado tree in full sun, at least 6 hours per day, and give it plenty of space!

Avocado trees can grow to 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide! These trees don’t tolerate drought very well, so make sure to give it frequent deep watering.

Pineapples

Pineapples are another exotic fruit that we’re all pretty familiar with, but you might not realize that you could grow a pineapple in your own yard!

Like many exotic fruits, pineapples prefer a tropical climate and will happily grow outdoors in zones 11-12. You might think that pineapples grow on trees, but they are actually a fairly small plant that grows well in containers.

That’s really good news because growing pineapple as a houseplant is possible for most people. You can choose to purchase a pineapple plant, start your plant from seed, or grow a pineapple from the leafy portion on the top of the fruit.

A pineapple plant will only make one fruit at a time, and, however it is started, it will be at least 2 years before and between harvesting your fruits.

Pineapples like conditions similar to cacti, so plant it in acidic soil in full sun, allow the soil to dry between waterings and don’t over water.

Here is a good article about getting a pineapple plant started from a store bought pineapple.

Dragon Fruit

If you are an avid watcher of the wildly popular Food Network channel, then chances are you have seen the strange looking Dragon Fruit.

Watching TV cooking shows helps introduce exotic fruits to us in useful ways like how to use them in our daily meals.

For example, the dragon fruit is always delicious, but it is especially good when chilled in the refrigerator first.

Cut it in half, and eat the magenta colored flesh using only a spoon. YUM!!

Dragon fruit is also used in smoothies, salad dressing, homemade wines, and as an additive in sauces.

Depending on the variety of dragon fruit, the flesh may also be white. Both have a mild but satisfying sweetness and a smooth texture accented by a slight crunch from the tiny black seeds within it.

Curious about what a dragon fruit plant looks like when it is still on the plant?

It looks like a cactus doesn’t it? Well, that’s because it is! The dragon fruit plant is a very cool vining cactus. They are often trained into cactus trees, will grow straight up a wall, and I’ve even seen them grown in hanging baskets.

The harvest season for dragon fruit begins in July and continues through November. The next time you’re in the supermarket, check the produce section for this delicious fruit.

Dragon fruit has a mild, sweet taste, but I will say that the supermarket varieties are not nearly as tasty as the dragon fruit grown at home.

Finger Limes

Also referred to as the caviar of limes, these finger-shaped limes have a green oily skin that’s very fragrant. Previously only grown in Australia, this exotic fruit has only recently been grown in the United States.

Snap the finger lime in half and squeeze out the caviar-like, bright green, yellow, or pink citrus pearls that literally ooze from the fruit into the palm of your hand.

The finger lime is great with sushi and looks amazing on the plate. It’s unique appearance and flavor makes finger limes one of the most interesting fruits I’ve ever seen!

Did I mention it is absolutely delicious? The finger lime has a very tart lime flavor, but it’s the little beads of juice that burst in your mouth that makes these fruit amazing!

In this country, finger limes are currently only grown in California and in southern Florida. It can be hard to grow from seed, so purchasing grafted plants is the best way to grow these cool plants at home.

They live in full to part sun in zones 10-11 and are grown in a manner similar to other citrus plants. And, like other citrus plants, the finger lime has sharp thorns, so be careful of those!

The image below is a finger lime tree taken at my father’s farm. Look closely and you can see that the tree is loaded with dozens of finger limes.

Bananas

You might not consider it an exotic fruit since everyone is familiar with the banana, but as an exotic fruit tree, the banana comes in many varieties. And did you know that they can be grown in mainland USA?

The bananas in the above image may look like plantains but they are genuine bananas, sweet and delicious.

Below is a picture of what they look like on the banana tree.

The plant is about twenty-five feet tall. It’s very wide and the leaves are broad.

The sweet banana that is sold in grocery stores is of the Cavendish group of bananas and only grows in tropical zones from cloned plants. However, there are many varieties of banana plants and plantains that can be grown up to zone 4 in the US.

The tropical Cavendish banana fruit grows best in very warm temps: about 60-80 degrees F. It loves water, rich soil, and takes up a lot of space. After the tree produces fruit, the mother plant dies and new trees grow up from the base of the parent tree.

Bananas do not grow from seed, but rather from suckers that sprout from the roots, or more accurately the rhizome, underground. To grow your own banana tree, you need to source a sucker from a friend or neighbor with a banana tree or a reputable nursery.

There are many types of banana trees, so make sure that you know what kind you are getting. They are not all as sweet as what is sold in the grocery store.

Find great info on growing bananas in this article.

Passion Fruit

Most of us are familiar with the stunning passion flower, but did you know that the passion flower grows on a lovely vine and some will produce unique, edible exotic fruit?

In the image above the passion fruit vine is used as a decoration on a chain link fence. What a cool way to beautify a fence!

There are many types of passion fruit ranging in color from purple to yellow. Depending on the variety, it will grow in zones 6-11.

The fruit produces very crunchy seeds within sacs of sweet and tart juice. They are easy to grow, but be careful!

Passion flower vines can easily become intrusive in your garden and will quickly take over! On our farm, wild passion fruit sprouts in early spring and the fruit ripens from August til frost.

They require very little care-we never water or fertilize our plants. In fact, the only maintenance necessary is to pull unwanted sprouts as we do any other weed.

Growing passion fruit from seed can be difficult, so you might want to purchase plants.

Here is a great resource for more information about growing passion fruit.

Meyer Lemon

The darling of chefs, the Meyer lemon is a favorite exotic fruit of the citrus clan. It is sweeter and less tart than a traditional lemon and is therefore favored for use in desserts and drinks like lemonade and cocktails. The rind is also favored for flavoring in cooking.

California produces almost all of the nation’s Meyer lemons, and they’re in season from October through early April.

Check out these 7 tips for growing loads of fruit on your Meyer lemon tree.

Here’s what they look like on the tree:

If you’re lucky enough to be able to grow your own Meyer lemons, then make sure you take advantage of its many uses in the kitchen.

Check out all the recipes from Martha Stewart for making dishes, desserts, drinks, and preserving Meyer lemons.

Which of these exotic fruits have you grown at home?

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Tropical Fruit

10.10.2 Other processed products

Among tropical fruits, guava occupies a distinct position in the processing industry due to its unique and strong flavour. Two to three fruiting seasons per year in most of the guava producing countries and year-round fruiting under some growing conditions offer an exceptional opportunity for the processing industry to continuously access the raw material. Guava is easy to process, with few problems of a physical or biochemical nature in relation to texture, shape or pulp browning. Guava fruit are often processed into juices, puree, concentrates, nectar, canned fruit, jam, jelly, fruit bars and dehydrated powder.

Guava puree is a very important commercial product in the processed products trade. It is commonly used for the preparation of juices, jam, jelly, nectar, syrups and other beverages. The product is obtained by processing sound, mature guava that have been ripened to optimum flavour. The preparation of puree from unripe guava causes problems of astringency, browning and low viscosity. Therefore, fruit maturity plays a crucial role in the final quality of this product. The fruit of the ‘Vietnamese’ cultivar picked at light green stage changed to yellow-green after exposure to 1000 ppm ethylene for 1.5 days and were the most suitable for processing into puree in comparison with light yellow and bright yellow fruit which were exposed to ethylene for 2.5 and 3 days, respectively (Yusof et al., 1988). Guava fruit should be ripe to have optimum texture, low tannin content and higher soluble pectin for the best quality puree. The high viscosity and cloudy appearance are the special properties of guava puree that may change during thermal processing and storage, thus resulting in quality loss (Yen and Song, 1998). Protein is the major component of clouding substances and is the controlling factor in the degree of cloudiness in guava puree. The processing temperature has marked effects on the protein content and cloudiness of purees. The final product quality is therefore dependent on the raw material and processing techniques used in its production.

Guava juices may be prepared from fresh fruit, puree, concentrate and dehydrated powder. Both clarified and cloudy juices are currently produced from guava and have great market potential (Chopda and Barrett, 2001). Most of the tropical fruit juices are cloudy, but a clear juice is preferred by some consumers. Juices whose turbidity is considered muddy tend to be marketed as clear juices (Brasil et al., 1995). However, Chopda and Barrett (2001) found that sensory panellists preferred cloudy guava juice because they perceived it as a more natural product. Guava juice blends well with other fruit juices. A clarified guava juice can be used in the production of guava nectar, jelly or in various juice blends. Guava juices can also be prepared from puree. The treatment of guava puree with 700 ppm of Pectinex Ultra SP-L® for 1.5 h at 50 °C resulted in a 51% reduction in viscosity, 13% increase in ascorbic acid content and 18% increase in yield of a clearer juice (Chopda and Barrett, 2001). Cloudy or clarified guava nectar is a very popular product in the market and can be prepared from puree or juice.

The flavour and nutritional quality of guava juice is strongly influenced by the processing method. For instance, high pressure processing (25 °C, 600 MPa, 15 min) of guava juice maintained a volatile component profile similar to that of the fresh juice during 30 days of storage at 4 °C, while heat processing (95 °C, 5 min) caused decreases in the majority of flavour components in the juice (Yen and Lin, 1999). The pasteurization of guava juice causes 30–45 % losses of ascorbic acid. The absence of oxygen during heat treatment of guava juice can remarkably increase the retention of ascorbic acid. Fresh guava juice subjected to a combination of carbonation and sonication increased ascorbic acid content, but these processes did not have a strong lethal effects on microorganisms (Cheng et al., 2007). In future, coupling of these processes with high pressure or heat can broaden the scope of their application in the guava juice processing industry.

Guava juice concentrates are prepared from clarified or cloudy guava juices and puree. The concentrates are convenient for long-term storage and shipment. The concentration of clarified guava juice using a falling film evaporator increased the SSC by 4.7-fold (42 °Brix), acidity by 3.9-fold (2.05 %) and ascorbic acid 4.2- fold (552.4 mg %). Concentration by falling film evaporator reduces the losses of ascorbic acid compared to other heating methods (Chopda and Barrett, 2001).

Guava juice can be converted into powder to further enhance its commercialization. The best quality guava powder can be produced by freeze drying, which helps retention of ascorbic acid, whereas spray drying is the best method to produce a stable powder with a minimum moisture content of 3 % (Chopda and Barrett, 2001). Because freeze drying is an expensive method to apply commercially and yields hygroscopic powder, spray drying may be the best alternative for producing guava powder. Guava powder can be used to prepare cloudy juices because there was no significant difference in the sensory rating for juices prepared from pasteurized, clear nectar, freeze-dried puree powder and freeze-dried clear juice powder. There is also potential for use of guava powder in formulated drinks, baby foods and other products (Chopda and Barrett, 2001).

Guava are also canned whole, or in slices, halves, and shells in syrup. The development of other guava products such as fruit leather, bars, and wine is also practised on a small scale. The waste from the guava processing industry can be used as a substrate for production of natural food additives. The guava seed meal from the processing waste can be further utilized for oil extraction and as a constituent in other food products. Guava seed meal contains about 10% fat and is rich in linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid (Shams El-Din and Yassen, 1997). Seed oil can be used in salad dressings and for other edible purposes. Food-grade pectin can also be manufactured from guava as they are rich in pectin. Overripe and spoiled fruit may be used for ethanol production.

Growing Tropical Fruit Trees – Types Of Exotic Tropical Fruit To Grow At Home

Most people are familiar with a certain number of common tropical fruits such as bananas, oranges, lemons, limes, pineapple, grapefruit, dates and figs. However, there are a wide variety of lesser known tropical fruit varieties that are not only fun to grow but also delicious. Exotic fruit growing is not difficult if you pay attention to the specific growing requirements of the plant.

Growing Tropical Fruit Trees

Many exotic fruit plants can be grown in regions in the United States that have temperate or tropical climates. Some plants can even thrive indoors if grown in optimal conditions. When picking out your tropical fruit plants, be sure that you understand which conditions are best.

Most exotic fruit plants require a southern location near a house or other structure that will provide protection and heat during the winter. In addition, exotic fruit plants require well draining soil with plenty of organic matter.

New plants should be watered frequently to keep the rootball moist. It may be necessary to water several times per day during the hottest months of the year.

Never use chemical fertilizer on exotic plants during the first two years. A healthy layer of organic compost will provide beneficial nutrients as it breaks down.

Types of Exotic Tropical Fruit

Some interesting tropical fruit varieties to try include the following:

  • Jackfruit – These massive fruits are members of the mulberry family and the largest known fruit to man that is produced on a tree. Some jackfruits grow up to 75 lbs. This fruit is native to the Indo-Malaysian region but is commonly grown in tropical regions throughout the world. Jackfruits can be eaten raw or preserved in syrup. Seeds are edible after boiling or roasting.
  • Mamey – This fruit is native to Mexico and Central America but frequently grows in Florida. Trees reach a mature height of about 40 feet and are commonly used as specimen trees in the home garden. The fruit has a brown peel and pink to reddish brown flesh with an interesting and sweet taste. Fruit is often enjoyed fresh or used in ice cream, jellies or preserves.
  • Passion Fruit – Passion fruit is a beautiful vining plant native to South America. Vines require a sturdy trellis or fence and well-drained soil to thrive. Fruit can be purple, yellow or red in color and has an orange sweet pulp and many seeds. Juice from this fruit is used to make punch or can be consumed raw.
  • Kumquat – Kumquats are the smallest of the citrus fruits. These small evergreen shrubs with white flowers produce golden-yellow fruits that vary in size from 1-2 inches around. Having a thick spicy rind and acidic flesh, they may be eaten whole or preserved.
  • Soursop – The soursop, or Guanabana, is a small slender tree of the West Indies. It bears large deep green and oval-shaped spiny fruit, which may weigh in at as much as 8-10 pounds and a foot in length. The white juicy flesh is aromatic and often used for sherbets and drinks.
  • Guava – The guava is native to tropical America where it has been cultivated for centuries. The small tree or shrub has white flowers and yellow berry-like fruit. It is a rich source of Vitamins A, B. and C and commonly used in preserves, pastes and jellies.
  • Jujube – This fruit is indigenous to China and is also grown elsewhere in the subtropics. It is a large bush or small spiny tree with small dark-brown fleshy. It is eaten fresh, dried or preserved and is also used in cooking and making candy.
  • Loquat – Loquat is native to China but is now grown in most tropical and subtropical areas. It is a small evergreen tree with broad leaves and fragrant white flowers that produces yellow-orange fruits. This fruit is used fresh and is made into jellies, sauces and pies.
  • Mango – Mangos are one of the oldest of tropical fruits indigenous to Southern Asia, though widely grown in all tropical and some subtropical areas. The fruit is a fleshy drupe with a thick yellowish-red skin and a blend of sweet, acidic pulp.
  • Papaya – Native to the West Indies and Mexico, the papaya is grown in the tropics and subtropics. The fruits are fleshy berries that resemble yellow-orange melons. They are used for salads, pies, sherbets and confections. Unripe fruits are cooked like squash or preserved as well.
  • Pomegranate – The pomegranate is native to Iran. The plant is a bush or low tree with orange-red flowers and round berry-like yellow or reddish fruits. Pomegranates are very refreshing and are used as a table or salad fruit and in beverages.
  • Sapodilla – The fruit of the sapodilla tree is quite sweet. The tree is grown in Florida and in the tropics and subtropics.

Fruits listed region wise

Home ” Fruits List

LIST OF FRUITS

The list includes the following:Temperate Fruits
Tropical Fruits
Mediterranean &Sub-Tropical Fruits
Inedible Fruits
Accessory Fruits
Temperate Fruits

Temperate fruits are largely made up of deciduous fruit trees. When you selecting temperate fruits it’s very important to consider their pollination and chill hour requirements. As the coastal region and south east Old have such as a mild climate, care should be taken to choose deciduous fruit trees appropriate for the mild winters. The selected varieties we sell have the lowest chill factor of their groups. The most common and good temperate fruits are apples, peaches, pears, cherries, and plums. In addition, most fruits that grow on the bushes are raised mainly in the temperate Zone.

Tropical Fruits

Tropical fruits cannot stand even a light frost and are also raised mainly in the tropics. Bananas and pineapples are the best and good known tropical fruits. They are grown throughout the tropics and much of each crop is exported. Other tropical fruits also include mangoes and papayas.

Mediterranean and Sub-Tropical Fruits

Subtropical fruits need warm or mild temperatures throughout the year, but they can survive in a light frost. The most common subtropical fruits are citrus fruits: oranges, grapefruits, lemons, and limes. Oranges, the leading citrus fruit, are grown from southern Japan. In the United States, Florida is expert in producing the most oranges. Other subtropical fruits include dates, figs, olives, pomegranates, and certain types of avocados.

Inedible Fruits

Inedible fruits are very fleshy five-valved red capsules. The fruits and leaves are poisonous, containing andromedotoxin which helps lowers blood pressure and causes breathing problems, dizziness, cramps, vomiting and diarrhea. Bog Laurel occurs with and strongly resembles Labrador Tea at the Ozette Prairies.

Accessory Fruits

An accessory fruit is referred to one that has more than ovary wall as part of fruit body. The other part of the flower swells along with expanding ovary wall. Very frequently the receptacle also participates. Ovaries that are inferior or that are in perigynous flower some time have accessory tissues surrounding the true fruit. The true fruit is red and accessory is white. An actual fruit is dry achene; and the accessory is red and juicy at the time of maturity.
In other words accessory fruits are composed of material not just form the ovary but also participate to form other parts of the flower such as the receptacle. To understand even better an accessory fruit is a fruit where the fleshy part is derived not form the ovary but form some adjacent tissue.
Few very good examples of accessory fruits are strawberry, watermelon, apple etc. Most accessory fruits are simple fruits that are developed from inferior ovaries.

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