Grow passion fruit in pot

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Tips on how to plant a passionfruit vine

Passionfruit vines develop extensive root systems and require a significant amount of space to allow for spreading and optimum growth.

Vines also need a strong structure and ample space to climb on, with standard passionfruit plants reaching up to 2.5 metres across and several metres high.

According to ABC Gardening, passionfruit vines are renowned for their tendrils which curl round mesh and wire with an ironclad grip.

An ideal spot to plant your vine is along a sun-bathed wire fence or balcony where the climber can spread to its heart content.

Passionfruit vines require at least six hours of strong sunlight each day and should be planted in relatively deep, weed-free soil where there is no growth competition.

They are an adaptable plant but are intolerant to frost, and require consistent watering when fruit is setting in.

In cold areas, vines should be planted in a warm, sheltered space in front of a north facing wall to benefit from reflected heat.

If you prefer to place your vine along a wall or a fence without wiring, it’s best to install trellis or mesh to act as support for the vines’ tendrils.

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Homes to Love Australia recommend spreading fertiliser and mulch across the entire root system of your plant for optimum vine care, distributing it farther than just the base of the stem.

In terms of diet passionfruit fare best when fertilised with chicken and cow manure or citrus based foods, while roots should be patted down and insulated with straw to lock in warmth.

Fertilisers should be spread in spring and every four weeks over the course of the summer season.

Always water widely around the base of your passionfruit vine while fruit is ripening, especially on hotter days.

It’s best to plan your vines well in advance as it can take between 12 and 18 months for a newly sown vine to reach full fruiting size.

Pruning season in Australia is usually late winter or early spring, to allow for optimum fruit production and good plant health.

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Nellie Kelly Australia recommend removing a third of the previous year’s growth, leaving the major runners and laterals on your trellis.

Falling behind with pruning leaves your passionfruit vine susceptible to disease and poor fruit production.

The yellow fruiting passionfruit vine blooms from April through November, while the purple vine flowers for a shorter season from March into April.

Passionfruit harvest time falls around the end of summer for purple vines and sometimes through the winter for the yellow variety. Fruit will drop off the vine when ripe.

Planting passionfruit in pots

If you live in an apartment or simply don’t have a suitable space to fit a wire fence for your vine, don’t fret – passionfruit vines can be cultivated and cared for in pots.

Just remember to invest in a large container as the key to a beautifully flowered and fruited vine is space for its roots to spread.

Root development is one of the main problems with growing passionfruit vines in Australia.

You can buy grafted passionfruit vines from Bunnings for as little $12.

Contents

Nellie Kelly

19 likes – View Post on Instagram This might be a really ugly looking flower but it’s also my very first passionfruit flower so I’m super proud of myself!! Hopefully someone has a plant nearby and the bees cross pollinate so I can get my first home grown passionfruit 😁 There looks like a few more buds growing on the plant too 🌺 #passionfruit #passionfruitflower #homegrown #garden #uglyflower #flower #fruit #excited #happy #proud #nelliekelly #homegardener #happygardener

The most popular home grown passionfruit vine is the Nellie Kelly, a grafted variety originating in Victoria.

This breed is the best choice for gardens in the southern Australian states thanks to its ability to withstand cooler temperatures.

The Nellie has large white and purple flowers with purple-black fruit, and is designed to be grafted onto a robust understock called blue passion flower to protect it from cold weather and soil-dwelling disease.

Aussie Passionfruit reports that Nellie Kelly vines are also hardier against potential pests and insects.

There are many varieties of passionfruit within the Nellie Kelly family.

Grafted Black Passionfruit

29 likes – View Post on Instagram Grafted Black Passionfruit http://www.daleysfruit.com.au/buy/passionfruit-grafted-black-tree.htm #graftedpassionfruit #passionfruit

Grafted Black Passionfruit is grown all round Australia, from the colder climes of the south to the exotic sub-tropics of the Northern Territories.

The Black variety produces round, medium-sized fruit with a soft to firm touch and a juicy tanginess for flavour.

Black Passionfruit gradually sweeten over summer into the autumn season, with vines lasting for up to 10 years.

Planting for this variety should take place in a well-drained, sunny area with flowers blooming in early spring and fruit ripening over the summer.

Panama Gold

27 likes – View Post on Instagram Tom on Instagram: “🍃🌿 Another addition to our #urbangardening escapades is this Panama Gold variety Passionfruit. We grew #passionfruit successfully years ago…”

The grafted Panama Gold passionfruit is hardy, frost resistant and immune to a wide variety of pests, disease and temperature extremes.

The Panama Gold thrives as far south as Tasmania.

This vine produces lush green foliage covering up to 8 square metres each year, and develops a large, golden, soft-skinned fruit with a juicy and flavourful pulp which is generally sweeter than black passionfruit.

Panama Gold vines should be planted in sun drenched, well-drained locations.

These plants should flower from spring and provide fruit throughout summer until the beginning of autumn.

Panama vines come into peak season earlier than their black vine counterparts, making spring a particularly fruitful period for this variety.

Panama Red

114 likes – View Post on Instagram Panama Red Passionfruit ❤️ #specialtyproduce #specialtyproduceapp

Panama Red passionfruit is suitable for growth in backyards across southern Australia, as well as sub-tropical and temperate regions around the country.

Panama Red is perfect for covering unsightly fences or outdoor sheds thanks to its attractive green foliage and large, red fruit with a soft skin.

This variety offers fruit with a milder taste than the tangy, sometimes bitter black passionfruit.

As with all vine types, Panama Red should be grown in a sunlit spot with good soil drainage and no root competition.

Banana Passionfruit

43 likes – View Post on Instagram Banana passionflower and fruit, pretty but an invasive species. Here it is growing through a Portuguese Laurel (Prunus lusitanica)#prunuslusitanica #passiflora #passifloraflower#passifloratarminiana #bananapassionfruit 14 likes – View Post on Instagram Are you a banana? Or are you a passion fruit? #bananapassionfruit##passionfruit##sourfruits##sweetandsour#

Banana Passionfruit is a resilient, vigorous vine that thrives in mild and cool climates with a lifespan of between six and eight years.

This beautiful variety of passionfruit boasts bright pink flowers from late spring into summer, with soft, oval-shaped yellow fruit which ripens during autumn and winter.

Banana passionfruit have a distinctive taste, sweeter than the traditional black species with a hint of banana.

Planting should be done in a sunlit spot with good wind protection.

Wild Passionfruit

12 likes – View Post on Instagram Wild passionfruit from my garden. When I was a kid here in Darwin we used to pick these and eat it! 😋😋 A bird or bat must have dropped seeds because it’s never grown in my yard before. Edit – these are soft, they break open with your nail and they pop if you stand on them. #darwinnt #wildpassionfruit #😋

The wild passionfruit vine is a medium sized native Australian shrub which only grows in a small area of Central Australia, usually along inland rivers.

According to Slow Food Australia, the wild vine has round leaves and large, feathery flowers.

Wild passionfruit begin to develop in early summer, ripening with a bright green colour similar to caper berries.

How to Grow Passionfruit

It is particularly important to water regularly throughout the flowering and fruiting period.

Position

Being subtropical the plants need full sun and shelter from winds and frost. It is essential that they are planted in a light, free draining soil. If you have heavy soil then planting in a container may be your best option. Ensure you use a good quality potting mix formulated specifically for containers.

Passionfruit should be planted out in the spring once all risk of frost has passed. Dig through plenty of compost, adding some sand will improve drainage. Add a slow release citrus fertiliser to the bottom of the hole before planting. Firm down and water well.

The root system of passionfruit is very shallow but extensive. Regular watering is necessary. Mulching will help retain moisture. It is particularly important to water regularly throughout the flowering and fruiting period from spring until the end of summer. When watering, keep the water off the foliage to avoid fungal problems.

Feeding

Like citrus, passionfruit are heavy feeders. Therefore feeding at least twice over the spring, summer, and autumn months with a slow release Citrus fertiliser is advisable. Over the fruiting period feeding with a liquid fertiliser is also recommended.

Training and Pruning

Early training helps to establish a framework of leaders from which laterals will grow and bear fruit. Therefore once you have planted your vine pinch off any side shoots train the leader until it reaches the trellis or support. Then pinch out the growing tip to force the production of laterals. These are then trained along the support. Pruning should be done in October or November – never in winter. You may lose some initial flowers and fruits but this will be more than made up for with the vigorous new growth the plant will achieve. The fruit is carried on the current season’s growth.

Fruit

Passionfruit vines will bear fruit in a relatively short time, from 8-9months old. The fruit ripen from mid-summer onwards. Passionfruit are ripe when the skin turns purple and fruit fall to the ground. As mentioned earlier consistent watering is required in the summer to help prevent fruit drop and premature wrinkling of the fruit.

These popular fruit are subtropical but are very easy to grow when planted in the correct position. The vines are ideal for quickly covering trellis, pergolas and growing around the deck with the bonus of fruit on plants over 8 months old.

Growing Passionfruit

Read our top tips for growing delicious and healthy passionfruit.

Healthy plants grown in healthy soil in the right place are far less likely to suffer from the fungal and bacterial spots that passionfruit can be susceptible to. Getting things right initially when siting and planting can make growing them considerably easier, especially if you care for them correctly as they grow.


Planting Passionfruit

Full sun. They prefer to be planted in fertile, free-draining soil rich in organic matter in a spot with a reasonable amount of airflow.

As they are a vine you will need to choose a spot where you can either make a structure or take advantage of an existing one for them to climb along.

If you are planting multiple plants, leave at least 3m between each plant.

Dig a hole at least twice as wide and deep as the pot the plant came in. Backfill, leaving enough space to plant your passionfruit with a mix of your top soil, compost and sheep pellets. Water-in well after planting.

In heavier soils it is often worth making a larger hole and planting into a slight mound to ensure the soil won’t be too wet over the wetter months. Adding gypsum will also help improve the soil structure.

Caring for Passionfruit

Keep plants well watered through the drier months. Deeply watering 2-3 times a week is more effective than a slight sprinkle every day.

When watering avoid wetting the foliage, and if possible, water in the morning. Water the soil near the plant, not the plant itself. Fungal problems thrive in damp, humid conditions, and plants are more susceptible if they are water stressed. So watering regularly and how you water are really important.

By encouraging your passionfruit to stay fairly open you increase the airflow around the plant (which reduces humidity and the likelihood of diseases). Do this by pinching or cutting out denser growth.

The fruit itself is formed on this season’s wood. So to improve fruiting prune in early spring and, in general, it’s worth pruning one lateral hard each year.

To stop your passionfruit vine from getting too big, pinch out the tips when it gets to the size you want.

Feeding with many natural fertilisers is a great way to give the plant the nutrients it needs whilst improving the health and fertility of the soil. Healthy soil is a complex ecosystem full of minerals, the weathered, small remains of rock, organic matter, beneficial microbes, air and water. Healthy soil will hold more moisture and nutrients, making problems less likely even if your plants don’t get watered or fed quite enough.

To feed and improve the soil, sprinkle a few handfuls of sheep pellets around the roots in spring and feed monthly with Aquaticus Organic Garden Booster.

What to do if problems arise?

While good practise reduces the chance of problems, it sadly doesn’t eliminate them. The main issues that arise are spotting of the leaves or fruit, or insect problems, especially the aptly named Passionvine Hopper.

The spots on the leaves can be caused by both fungal and bacterial diseases, but in most cases the treatment is the same. In mild cases remove infected leaves and fruit and dispose of them away from the fruit. It’s also worth clearing away any leaves that have fallen from the vine from the ground. In worse cases applying copper can help.

Passionvine Hoppers are small, slightly moth-like, brown insects with partially transparent wings. The juvenile nymphs are wingless and commonly known as ‘fluffy bums’ due to their fluffy tails. They will harm a wide array of plants, including passionfruit. They harm the plants by sucking the sap, which can reduce the vigour of plants and help transmit diseases. In most cases they can be successfully dealt with by using Aquaticus Bugtrol.

Left: Adult Passionvine Hopper Right: Juvenile Passionvine Hopper

Above: A passionflower vine’s tendrils are tenacious and grow incredibly quickly. Photograph by Anne Worner via Flickr.

Other members of the Passifloraceae family, which contains more than 500 species including some shrubs and even trees, tend to be evergreen tendril-climbing vines originally found in Mexico and South America. Even if you select one of the tropical climbers that is not hardy in your climate, it will probably grow fast enough over the summer to give you good coverage and provide a satisfying flower display. Fruit production, however, can require a long growing season.

Above: Purple and orange are happy companions; passionflower and firebush (Hamelia patens). Photograph by Susan Young via Flickr.

Cheat Sheet

  • Passion vine is ideal for growing on walls, fences, and trellises.
  • In areas where the vine is not hardy, it can be grown outdoors in a container in summer and taken inside to a bright spot out of direct sun during winter (when it should be watered sparingly).
  • Avoid having a passionflower vine run rampant over other plants by attaching it to a trellis or wireframe. It can easily grow 20 feet or more a year.
  • Prune the vines in the early spring to control growth, promote lush foliage, and increase flower and fruit production.
  • The vine’s flowers, which bloom for only one day, do not need to be deadheaded. If they have not been fertilized they will drop of their own accord. If they have been fertilized, (possibly by a bee, wasp, bat, or hummingbird) a fruit will develop at the site of the spent flower.

Keep It Alive

  • Most passionflower vines will grow as perennials in USDA zones 6 to 10 (and some varieties will thrive in zone 5 and zone 11, as well) and are happiest and most likely to flower planted in a bright spot with a minimum of four hours of daily sunlight.
  • This plant is not fussy about soil but does prefer a well-drained growing medium that is rich in organic matter.
  • Keep your plant well watered during the summer to facilitate robust flower and fruit production. The use of an organic mulch will help to keep the roots happily cool and moist.
  • Passionflower is delicate, so locate it in a sheltered spot away from wind that can damage tender stems and cause leaf burn.

The passiflora ( Pas-i-floh’ra) known more commonly as the “passion flower vine” is one of the “new” vines introduced for spring color offerings available at garden centers.

The name “Passiflora” comes from the Latin phrase ‘passio’ meaning suffering, and ‘flos’ meaning flower.

If you’re ready to add a conversation plant or something really unique trellis vine for the outside patio, take a look at this Brazilian native.

To learn about care, varieties and catch some video, continue reading the rest of the post below…

Passiflora From Brazil

The purple passion fruit makes its home from southern Brazil through Paraguay and in parts northern Argentina. Before 1900, passion fruit was partially naturalized and flourishing in coastal areas of Australia.

Seeds of the passion fruit were brought from Australia to Hawaii and first planted in 1880. It wasn’t long, because of its fast-growing nature that the passiflora vine became popular in home gardens.

Passion vines prefer a frost-free climate. Some cultivars can take temperatures into the upper 20° degrees Fahrenheit without serious damage.

The “Blue Passion Vine” is pretty cold hardy and salt tolerant but the plant does not grow well in intense summer heat.

The yellow passion fruit is tropical and isn’t fond of frost. The purple and yellow forms both need protection from the wind.

They make quite a few products from the plant and fruit – Like tea.

Another interesting item about the Passiflora is that they are very popular with butterflies such as zebra longwing and gulf fritillary butterfly.

There are dozens of passion vines, both edible and non-edible. Our focus will be on the ornamental variety.

Question: Are the fruits of passion flowers edible?

Answer: Many species of passion flowers bear edible fruits. among them, Passiflora data, antioquiensis, edula, incarnate (the Maypop of southern US), laurifolia, ligularis, and maliformis.

Is The Passionflower An Annual or Perennial?

The Passion Flower is a quick-growing perennial plant which spreads via root suckers. It is a climbing vine and can cover large areas above ground and spread far and wide below ground.

In climates that experience warm winter temperatures, it is a woody plant. In very cold temperatures, the above-ground vegetation dies off during winter and the plant is herbaceous.

Passion Flower Care: Culture And Growing Passion Vines

Location of Passion Fruit

Care for the passion fruit vines requires full sun except during those very hot summer days, if possible provide some partial shade. The vine is a fast grower and can get out of hand, so if possible plant it next to a chain link fence or on a trellis. and

What Soil Does Passion Flower Like?

The vines grow in many soil types but make sure the plant gets excellent drainage.

A well-drained soil is still the best. Also, passion flowers grow excellently on soils with pH levels of 6.5 to 7.5.

How Often To Water The Passiflora Plant?

If you want to keep the vines flowering almost continuously, regular water is necessary.

The vines are shallow-rooted and will benefit from a thick layer of organic mulch in the soil.

How Do You Prune A Passionfruit Vine – Is It Needed?

Although the passionflowers don’t need pruning to encourage growth, prune the fast-growing vine to keep it in control and encourage branching.

Prune in early spring as this serves as the perfect time when new growth appears. Avoid cutting the main stems, just remove those unwanted twining stems.

What Is The Best Fertilizer Passion Fruit Vine Plants?

Passiflora vines are vigorous growers and require regular fertilizing. Stay away from just using a 20-20-20 liquid fertilizer.

This may promote good growth but possibly too much green and not enough flower. Apply a solid slow-release fertilizer with a ratio more along the lines of a 2-1-3.

Insect Pests On The Passiflora Vine

You won’t find the passiflora plant being attacked by a host of insect pests but it cannot escape them completely.

  • Keep on the lookout for Aphids seeking out the tender new foliage. (Learn ways of getting rid of aphids organically)
  • Caterpillars eating foliage can slow growth.

What USDA Hardiness Zone Will The Passion Plant Flower Grow?

The Passion Flower is listed as hardy in USDA hardiness zones 5-9; however, it may actually struggle in zone 5 and may not survive very cold winters.

If you live below zone 6 you should plant Passion Flower in a sheltered area near a wall so and provide the roots with protection against the cold in the wintertime.

To identify your hardiness zone, use this handy interactive USDA map

How To Grow Passion Flower from Seed?

The passion flower grows easily from seed as you will see in this video. You’ll learn what a fresh Passion Fruit Maypop looks like and demonstrates how to remove, prepare and plant the seeds.

As you see, the seed germinates very well, within a couple of days, when placed just below the surface of the potting soil in a pot placed in a plastic bag in a warm place (windowsill).

This video, shares an alternate method using seeds from Maypops that have been allowed to dry out thoroughly. This seems to be a neater and tidier method!

Because the seeds are thoroughly dried, germination takes longer. Add a couple of weeks for the seeds to germinate.

6 Things To Remember When Buying Passiflora Plants

  • Find out when your nursery receives new shipments
  • Look for clean undamaged foliage
  • Inspect the plants for good root systems
  • Don’t let them hang out the window on the ride home
  • Don’t let them sit in the car while you run into the store.
  • They must acclimate to their new environment

Video showing many varieties of Passion Vines

When Does The Passion Flower Bloom?

The Passion Flower blooms from mid-summer to early fall. It is typically in bloom from July to September. The flowers are attractive and fragrant.

They transition into edible, egg-shaped fruits called Maypops.

These fruits are fleshy and quite tasty. They are good for eating out-of-hand and for making jelly.

Fruits are called Maypop because they pop loudly when stepped on.

4 Reasons Why My Passion Flower Isn’t Blooming?

As the Passion Flower has grown in popularity, it has found itself planted in a variety of conditions and in areas it would never naturally grow.

Even though (or perhaps because) the plant is essentially a vigorous wildflower, these unusual circumstances can interfere with its performance.

Here are four of the most common reasons Passion Flower fails to bloom.

#1 – Age of The Plant

Like many types of plants, some Passion Flowers need several years to become established and bloom. This is especially true if you grow your plant from seed.

Depending upon your climate, passion flower may grow as a woody plant or a tender perennial. Woody plants often have a “juvenile stage” which precedes maturity.

During this phase, the plant will not flower. Instead, it will produce lots of leaves and shoots.

This may go on for a couple of years, but if you will just be patient with your plant and continue to care for it, you will eventually be rewarded with flowers.

#2 – Too Much Fertilizer

Remember the passion vine flower is basically a wildflower. They do better with less care and less nutrition.

Pampering and excessive fertilizing can lead to lots of leaves and no flowers. This is especially true if you feed a high nitrogen fertilizer, which encourages vegetative growth.

Your best bet is to stop fertilizing and water your plant thoroughly to wash away as much nitrogen as possible.

Adding a phosphorus fertilizer (i.e. bone meal) to the soil may also help balance nitrogen levels.

#3 – Not Enough Sunlight

Like most flowering, fruiting plants, Passion Flower needs lots of sun in order to produce. Keeping the plant in the shade may result in lots of leaves and few or no flowers.

#4 – Not Enough Water

These plants are drought tolerant, but that doesn’t mean that they do their best in drought conditions.

If you want a plant with plenty of pretty flowers and fruit, you must plant it in well-draining soil and give it plenty of water.

Ample water helps deliver nourishment to the leaves and other plant structures so the plant can thrive and flowers and fruit can grow.

These four considerations usually account for lack of flowering in Passion Flowers vines and many other natives and flowering plants.

When you keep your climate and the plant’s growth habits in mind and take care to provide the right amount of nourishment, water, and light, your plant will surely produce pretty blossoms in good time.

Exotic Passion Flowers Have Been Symbolized With The Crucifixion

Early missionaries devoted to botany saw in the flowers a religious symbol. The flower parts, indicated in the image, suggested to them the Passion of Christ, and thus the flower was named.

These exotic passion flowers have been symbolized with the crucifixion and sometimes look like they resemble something from outer space.

  • 1 – Ten petals represent the ten apostles present at the crucifixion, Peter and Judas being absent;
  • 2 – Corona or crown represents the crown of thorns or thought to be emblematic of the halo
  • 3 – Five anthers suggestive of the five wounds or emblematic of hammers used to drive nails
  • 4 – Three stigmas representative of the three nails piercing the hands and the feet.

Not shown are the tendrils representing cords or whips and the leaves suggesting the hands of the persecutors.

The passion flower plant was one of the treasures found by the Spaniards in the new world.

Years later taxonomists classified the passion flower Passiflora in a large family containing many species and a great number of hybrids.

Today, probably the best-known hybrid is Passiflora alata-caerulea. This hybrid variety of passion flower has the largest and showiest flowers of them all.

For more read Epic Gardening’s article!

Principal Passiflora Species & Hybrids

Passiflora alata, has winged stems, large fragrant flowers of crimson, purple and white, and yellow edible fruit about 5 in. long.

Passiflora ‘Alata-Caerulea’ (aka pfordti) – a hybrid between Passiflora alata and the blue Passiflora caerulea, favorite with three-parted green leaves and fragrant four-inch flowers.

The petals and fringed crown combine pink, white, blue, and royal purple. Since the blooms are so large there are not as many of them. Vigorous, flowers early, generally free of pests.

Passiflora antioquiensis – Seeds are available for this South American species with five-inch red flowers, three-lobed leaves, edible fruit.

Passiflora bryonoldes – A vine with more slender growth. The foliage is three-to-five-lobed and more rounded than pointed.

The blue-and-white flowers with a rose-fringed crown are the same color as Passiflora edulis and each flower sets one-inch green fruit that ripens to purple-black.

The seeds are orange colored and they germinate well. The seedlings bloom the first year. It is a dainty and interesting vine to grow.

Passiflora caerulea – “Blue-crowned” passiflora with five-parted leaves and flowers in blue, rose, and pale green. The egg-shaped yellow fruit is edible. This is one of the more hardy species. Its variety, grandiflora, has larger flowers.

Passiflora cinnabarina – This Australian native has five-inch pebbly three-lobed rounded foliage and bears red, five-petaled star-shaped scarlet flowers, with a small yellow crown, followed by green aromatic fruits.

Does not appear to be a vigouous grower. The flowers are not as showy as many others passion flower varieties.

Passiflora sanguinolenta – also known as blood red passion flower vine fruit which comes from Ecuador. It is a smaller type of perennial vine that can take frost.

Passiflora coccinea – Toothed oval leaves, free-flowering species with scarlet and orange flowers.

We are indebted to Dr. Ira S. Nelson, professor of horticulture at the University of Southwestern Louisiana (formerly Southwestern Louisiana Institute), Lafayette, Louisiana, for re-introducing this spectacular variety.

He shared in his writings that of all the material he collected in Bolivia in 1954, this is the “most showy.”

“The two-inch fruit is pulpy and tart with an exotic flavor and pleasing aroma. It is well branched and sturdy” and reported that the plant he collected bloomed in late August each year since it began blooming.”

Passiflora coriacea – is indeed different. Its foliage suggests a bat in flight. It has been dubbed the “bat-leaf” passiflora.

The lovely Blue-green leaves are mottled with silver or off-white. The 1 1/2-inch twin flowers are a pleasing golden yellow, and have five petals and no sepals.

Cuttings root well and usually bloom even while rooting in water.

Passiflora edulis – passionfruits, or purple granadilla – Three-lobed leaves, two-inch flowers white and purple fruit about the size of a hen’s egg, fruit used in many recipes in the tropics. A good climber, grown as a commercial crop in Australia, incarnata (maypop) is a native; fruit edible; flowers white, pink and purple.

Passiflora exoniensis a hybrid between Passiflora vanvolxensi and Passiflora mollissima, has large showy flowers of brick-red and rose-pink.

Passiflora foetida – Three-pointed leaves; two-inch flowers pinkish, with three fern-like fronds below the sepals. Brillant red fruit used in dried arrangements.

Passiflora incarnata – maypop, May apple, purple passion flower vines, wild passion flowers. Passiflora incarnata or purple passion plant.

A southern native, hardy with light frost, with three-inch blue-and-white flowers and three-lobed foliage which is pointed with a center lobe is six by two inches.

Passiflora laurifolia (Jamaica-honeysuckle) has entire leaves, white flowers spotted red, and yellow edible fruit.

Passiflora lutea – Hardy, and often native from Philadelphia south; one-inch yellow flowers.

Passiflora manicata is a rapid and vigorous climber, suitable for outdoor planting in the warmer parts of the country. It makes a fine show with its profusion of bright scarlet flowers set off with a blue crown.

Passiflora mollissima – Three-lobed, fuzzy leaves; three-inch rose flowers.

Passiflora quadrangularis – giant (Granadilla) one of the chief species grown for fruit. It is a tall strong grower, with large fragrant flowers of white, red and purple, and yellowish-green fruits to 9 in. long.

Passiflora racemosa (princeps) – Four-inch crimson flowers touched with purple and white, deeply lobed leaves, is one of the best of the red-flowered species, and has been largely used in hybridizing.

Passiflora tomentosa – Fuzzy vine with pink and purple flowers.

Passiflora trifasdata – Known for its variegated foliage, which is three-lobed to one-third of the leaf, with irregular rose-pink bands along the midrib, shading to silver and other hues, depending on the light in which it grows.

This foliage is most colorful if it is located in less sun than the all green varieties. Undersides of the leaves are wine-red. The 1 3/4-inch flowers are white to yellow with petals recurved and fragrant.

Passiflora violacea – exquisite 3 1/2-inch flowers which suggest “lavender and old lace.” The rich violet-lavender filaments have curled tips, eliminating any stiff appearance.

Even the petals and sepals are flushed lavender and three sepals are tipped with small green balls, the size of a radish seed, in place of the spine some other varieties have.

Flowers are fragrant and foliage is three-lobed and pointed. This vine has been hardy all the way to Minnesota when growing passion flowers near the house foundation.

Family: Passifloraceae
Common Name: Passion Flower

Source: Wise Garden Encyclopedia
Image: source

Passion Flower Care Guide: How to Grow Passion Flowers

When selecting a variety, make sure to match the garden’s growing conditions with the plant’s requirements, especially in relation to hardiness. They will all appreciate a warm, sunny and sheltered position, but some types are only hardy in the warmest and most sheltered parts of the UK, and some are only reliable in containers that can be brought into the conservatory of greenhouse for the winter. In general, the blue and white varieties are the hardiest.

A passion flower plant will climb quite happily up a trellis using its tendrils, but for security of support, wires should be used on fences and walls, with growing stems loosely tied into these until the tendrils take over.

Before planting a new passion flower into its pot or garden position, water it thoroughly in its nursery pot. Prepare the ground by digging a hole twice the diameter of the pot and at least 15cm away from the wall, fence or trellis that is being used to support it. Dig garden compost into the base of the hole and position the plant and its supporting cane in the hole so that the cane leans across and touches the support. The top of the root ball should be level with the surrounding soil. Add more compost into the soil used to refill around the plant. Tie the stems onto the support and water the plant in well.

Light requirements

Passion flowers prefer full sun or dappled shade in a position that is well sheltered from cold, drying winds. A south, south-west or west aspect wall is ideal.

Plants grown in a greenhouse or conservatory may need some shading from direct afternoon sunlight in the summer to avoid scorching of the leaves.

New passion flower plants should be watered frequently and thoroughly during their first year in the garden or pot. Continue to water them well during following summers, especially those grown in containers and pots. Garden plants will not subsequently require winter watering except in prolonged dry periods on free-draining soils, and container specimens can be watered more sparingly outside the growing season, allowing the surface of the compost to begin to dry out between each watering.

Soil conditions

The passion flower prefers moderately fertile, well-drained but reliably moist soils, though it will grow quite happily in most normal garden soil types within the typical range of acidity and alkalinity.

Fertilisers

Regular feeding is not usually necessary for garden-grown passion flowers, and the use of nitrogen-heavy fertilisers can lead to excessive foliage and stem growth at the expense of flowers. If the vitality of the plant does seem to decline, the plants can be top-dressed with blood, fish and bone or a general fertiliser at approximately 50g per square metre of ground.

Plants in containers should be given regular fortnightly feeds during the growing season with an organic liquid plant food.

Repotting

New plants from the nursery that are to be grown on in containers should be transplanted into 18cm diameter posts. Some gardeners believe that passion flower plants bloom more profusely when their roots are restricted, so monitor the plant carefully and pot them on only when necessary, probably every three to four years. Use John Innes No 3 potting compost or a similar good quality, peat-free compost.

Pruning

A passion flower vine may need to be pruned in three situations. The first is to train a young plant into a desired shape and form. The second is to promote bushier growth generally, and the last is to rejuvenate damaged or neglected plants.

While the passion flower vine is a perfectly capable, self-clinging, tendril climber, it is also attractive if fan-trained. This will give the plant a cared-for look in a more formal part of the garden. After planting out a new vine, cut back the growing tips of all of the plant’s shoots to promote branching at the base. As they develop, tie the selected framework shoots into horizontal wires or a trellis to encourage the typical fan shape, remembering to leave sufficient space between the fan elements to display the hanging flowers of pendulous varieties.

Once established, fan-trained plants can be pruned in spring to remove extended shoots and any frost damage. An annual prune after flowering to reduce side shoots to a couple of buds from the main fan framework will help maintain the shape.

An annual pruning of a less formally grown vine will promote a bushier form and thicker, stronger stems, and may help to produce more flowers and fruit.

More vigorous specimens that are threatening to outgrow their space and swamp surrounding plants can be trimmed as necessary during the growing season to keep them in check.

Overgrown, neglected or frost-damaged passion flower vines can be given a renovation pruning in the spring. Cut each stem back to a bud or side shoot approximately 50cm above soil level. New green shoots will develop quite quickly and these can be thinned and trained to shape if desired. This hard pruning will rejuvenate the plant but it may reduce the abundance of flowers for the next couple of years.

How to grow passionfruit

How to cultivate maracujá or passion fruit

Photo of fruits of passion fruit in a market

Passion flowers or passion vines (Passiflora ssp) comprise a series of climbing lianas that grow in the wild in the subtropical regions of America.

There are more than 460 species of the genus Passiflora.

Among them, stands out passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) , which, as the name suggests, it is mainly used for its edible fruits and it is generally recognized as the authentic Maracujá.

Originating in the Amazon region of Brazil, it is cultivated in many parts of the world that have a tropical or subtropical climate.

Varieties of passion fruits

From Passiflora edulis derive a series of varieties. The most recognized are:

– Yellow passion fruit: (Passiflora edulis f. Flavicarpa): It needs to be cultivated in tropical areas with constant and elevated temperatures. It is more resistant to disease and produces much more than other varieties. It is cultivated mainly in South America, Hawaii and Australia

– Purple passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. Edulis). It grows well in temperate zones. It is usually cultivated in other parts of Africa and India

Passion fruit watering

Maracuya fruit showing the pulp and the seeds

It is important to water this plant when climate is dry. This will be taken into account particularly during the growing season. It should not be forgotten that, being a tropical plant, it requires abundant and constant irrigation.

Passion fruit needs 800 and 1500 liters of water per year, therefore, in case of not occurring these rains or not to do it in a well distributed way throughout the year, it must be watered artificially. Irrigation will therefore be mandatory in warm non-tropical areas, or in cooler areas when grown in greenhouses.

Environmental humidity should also be taken into account. Passionfruit requires high humidity to produce abundant and good quality fruits. In case you can control the humidity of the environment, this detail must be taken into account.

Irrigation will be done using the gravity technique, so that the entire surface around each plant in a diameter of about 80 cm to 1 meter is well soaked. It has been proven that sprinkler irrigation is not adequate as it favors the onset of fungal diseases and problems of flowering.

Passion fruit: Environment and placement

Passionfruit needs to be grown in a warm place with temperatures ranging from 24 to 28 ° C. Temperatures above this range produce a faster ripening of fruits, at the cost of a loss of quantity, visibility and quality. On the other hand, when temperatures are lower, the harvest is delayed and production is much lower.

In warm zones it is cultivated from sea level to 1,300 meters, generally in areas of influence of the Pacific Ocean, being the most appropriate level for an optimal production between 400 and 800 meters. If you plant in low areas of Atlantic influence, you may have problems.

Passion fruit is a plant that must be grown in the sun. Only when the sun hits an average of 5 hours a day on its leaves, it will produce quality fruits with proper nutritional properties. It is best to plant passion fruit in sunny and sheltered areas if optimal results are to be achieved. Very windy places favor the drying of the leaves and forces to a too abundant irrigation, besides producing damages in the surface of the fruits.

In non-tropical areas the cultivation of this plant is more delicate, since it requires very suitable environment and exposure factors. All this obliges many times to plant these creepers under cover. However, if we have a sunny and protected place, they will be able to grow outdoors producing flowers and fruits of greater presence and quality.

Passion fruit: Plantation and reproduction.

Passionfruit can be reproduced by means of layering or by cutting, although the most suitable form is by means of seeds.

How to reproduce passion fruit through seeds?

It is desirable to obtain certified seeds that guarantee adequate production and good quality fruits, with the presence and the appropriate size. Once the seeds have been purchased, they must be properly prepared before planting them in the nursery.

For this, they are covered with water for about four days, which makes them soften so they can germinate. Subsequently they are washed well to remove the mucilaginous layer that has produced the fermentation in water. Finally they are treated with fungicide.

Once properly prepared, they are planted in the nursery, on a previously disinfected soil. They will be planted on distant furrows about 15 cm and about 40 cm from each other. The seeds should be covered with a thin layer of earth. They will be watered properly and placed in a shady place keeping the humidity level in a constant way.

After about 20 days the seeds begin to germinate. After about 20 days after germination, when the seedlings have reached about 10 cm in height, each plant should be transplanted in a plastic bag for seedlings with a teaspoon of organic fertilizer. You should also support the copy on a tutor so that it can easily graspe.

Once the plant has reached half a meter in height can be transplanted to its final place. To do this, this should be prepared properly: The soil should be plowed well to be previously free of grasses, branches or other plants. Subsequently, holes of about 50 cm depth and 40 cm width will be made.

Each of the holes should be located at a distance of about 5 meters on furrows separated by about 3 meters from one another. (In the case of very poor soils, the plants can be separated by about 4 meters, keeping the same distance between the furrows) A good amount of organic fertilizer must be supplied inside the hole.

The bare root plants will be placed inside a hole, the proper tutor will be placed and the earth will be reasserted around it. Then they will be tied to the tutor. (See more details on how to plant a climbing plant)

How to stake a passion fruit?

When a support is applied to passion fruis, There are three different ways to do it: trellis, vine training and Hawaiian or T-shaped staking. The trellis system, although it achieves a greater use of light and facilitates the collection of fruits, is very expensive, so it is rarely used.

The system of vertical trellis or just trellis consists of placing in the terrain a series of posts about 5 meters away from each other that reach a height of about 2 meters. On these posts two lines of wires are laid; one to 1 meter in height and another to 2 meters in height above the ground.

The T-shaped staking is formed by a series of structures formed by a vertical pole of about 2 meters of height on which another horizontal of a meter of length is placed. These are usually located about 6 meters away from each other. On the horizontal structure, three wires located about 30 cm from each other are suspended.

Trellis is the most used because it provides a number of advantages over the other staking methods:

– Greater ventilation and exposure to light and, as a consequence, greater growth and lower risk of diseases. Greater possibility of use in areas of high humidity.

– Greater pruning and, as a result, less possibility of cross-linking of the branches.

– Easier in collecting fruits both mechanically and manually.

– Greater ease in the application of treatments.

Despite the advantages, it must be taken into account that this is a very expensive method and requires good maintenance.

Passion fruit: Care, pruning, soil and fertilizer

In addition to staking, care must be taken to keep the soil moist at appropriate times. It is also necessary to keep the ground free of weeds. For this, soil will be weeded between plant and plant from time to time, so as not to injure the roots that grow superficially.

Other care that must be taken into account are:

How to prune a passion fruit?

Pruning of passion fruit focuses on the use of this technique to promote adequate growth (formation pruning), to eliminate those branches that are too low, those that stand out too much from the tutors or those in poor condition (maintenance pruning) And to get the plant, once established, to have more vitality (renewal pruning).

Pruning will eliminate all branches less than 1 meter high above the ground. Subsequently, it will leave only a couple of main branches on each plant. When these reach the upper strands of the trellis, the terminal bud will be cut so that shoots that can move laterally arise. Finally, if the plant has too much density, one of the two main branches can be eliminated.

In the pruning of renovation, which is carried out in the third year after planting, all branches except the main branches will be removed, leaving them with a length of 1.5 meters.

Passion fruit: Soil and fertilizer

The best soils for the cultivation of passion fruit are the deep and well drained ones with abundant organic matter. This plant needs soils at least 1 meter deep to develop normally. It prefers well-dug soils with abundant manure, with a Ph that can vary between 5, 5 and 7, with 6 being the ideal pH.

Clay soils must be avoided at all costs because they prevent drainage by retaining the water in the roots, which is the cause of the appearance of rot and numerous fungal diseases.

Passion fruit must be properly fertilized to achieve optimum production Among the most needed nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. In the preparation of soils, it is appropriate to add well crumbled organic matter to grow properly. Subsequently, before flowering, it should be fertilized again, also adding potassium. A multi-fertilizer every two months can be interesting.

Besides cultivating directly in the soil, passion fruit can also be grown in large containers, always taking into account that these must be deep and with a diameter of not less than 35 cm. Provide a fertile soil rich in organic matter.

Passion fruit: Pests and diseases

The main pests of maracuja are:

– Red spiders: They are mites belonging to the genus Tetranychus. They feed on the leaves which suck with their specialized mouths. All this produces the yellowing of the leaves and their subsequent fall. They should be treated with acaricides.

– Diptera and Hymenoptera: Mainly flies. As Silba pendula whose larvae feed on fruits. Proper treatment involves the elimination of infected material or biological combat with a predator, the use of the wasp Biosteres longicaudatus.

– Passionfruit flower-bud fly (Dasiops sp) attacks the floral buds preventing them from developing. The fruit fly (Anastrepha sp) attacks the fruits making them useless for consumption or for sale.

Within the hymenoptera, it is necessary to emphasize the stingless bee (Trigona spp.), A bee that is generally very beneficial as a pollinator but, abounding too much, it attacks the young leaves and the flowers causing great damages and favoring the establishment of fungi.

– Other insects: Other insects that can attack the passion fruit are: the leaf-footed bag (Leptoglossus sp): it attacks the floral peduncle so it does not let the fruit increase in size. Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis, Trips tabaci lindeman) feed on the buds, preventing the growth of plants.

The treatment of these pests with insecticides is very problematic because on this species of insects depends pollination to achieve abundant fruiting. In case chemical treatments are specified, it should be taken into account which products may affect the beneficial species less, and at what time of the day they should be applied to cause the least possible damage.

The main diseases of passion fruit are:

Diseases caused by fungi

– Root decay of the root necks: This is produced by the fungus Fusarium wilt of passion fruit (Fusarium oxysporum passiflorae) that attacks the roots causing their rotting and determines that the leaves turn yellow and the plant withers. The disease causes a weakening of the roots that show a characteristic reddish color.

Among the best measures of prevention is to provide the crops with adequate drainage since the accumulation of water in the roots is the main cause of this problem. In the same way, the soil should be kept free of weeds to avoid that the fungi can be installed in the same. Also fumigations with copper sulphate or the addition of lime into the hole at the time of planting can prevent it.

– Black scap (Cladosporium herbarum) This is another pathogenic fungus that causes warty lesions on the fruits. The treatment involves the fumigation with copper sulfate and lime at the time of fruit formation.

– Anthracnose: It is a fungal disease caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides that affects both fruits, leaves or branches. In the fruits produces sinks that reach the inner part of the fruit causing the fall. It can also attack the edge of the leaves causing light spots of about 5 mm in diameter with a darker border or branches on which chancre.

Among the main methods of prevention are pruning to achieve greater aeration and all appropriate measures to facilitate greater drainage. Treatment involves the use of chemical measures with appropriate fungicides.

Maracuya diseases caused by bacteria

– Oily spot: This is caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. Passiflorae. It produces oily stains on olive leaves. The bacteria can also cause wilting by internal plant obstruction. The leaves fall, the buds dry and the plant is damaged.

The main prevention methods are the use of healthy seeds and cleaning tools, especially those used for pruning. The treatment involves the use of copper oxychloride.

Diseases caused by viruses

Among them are:

– Fruit hardening virus: (PWF = Passion fruti Woodines Virus). It is a virus transmitted mechanically or through aphids (Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypi). It produces deformation in the fruits. These are shown smaller and harder, with less pulp and more shell.

– Cucumber mosaic virus: CMV affects even more plants than the previous virus (about 190 plants). It is so named because it was discovered for the first time in 1934 on cucumbers, although it can affect other plants so well known as melons, pumpkins, tomatoes, carrots, spinach, beans, celery, etc. Numerous flowers are also affected by this virus.

The most characteristic symptoms are leaf mottling, circular spots, dwarfism and distortions of fruits and flowers. The most characteristic is the elongation and narrowing of the leaves that, instead of presenting true leaflets, are rather reminiscent of tendrils. The fruits appear stunted and have no commercial value.

The transmission vector consists of aphids and some herbs such as cuscuta. There are over 80 species of aphids that can transmit this disease, including green peach aphid (Myzus persicae)..

There are no varieties resistant to this type of mosaic so it is necessary to adopt adequate prevention to prevent infection.

Other viruses that affect passion fruit are yellow mosaic virus or passion fruit rickets virus.

Passion fruit: Species and varieties

Other species of Passion fruits, also cultivated, although with a lower nutritional value or less interesting production are:

– Purple passionflower, wild passion vine, maypop (Passiflora incarnata): with yellow fruits that turn orange when maturing. Being less sweet, it is used to make jams, sweets or drinks in which sugar is added. The dry plant is used in natural medicine for the treatment of insomnia and for the treatment of nervous problems of the stomach.

Photo of Passiflora incarnata flower

– Giant tumble, grenadine,, giant tumbo, barbadine or badea (Passiflora quadrangularis): it is one of the most vigorous maracuyas, being able to reach 20 meters height.

It is characterized by producing the largest fruits, with specimens up to 15 cm in length and 30 in diameter. Like the previous species, it is little sweet, so it is used to make jams or sweets.

The green fruits can be eaten as vegetables. It is very rich in vitamin A, vitamin C and minerals such as iron, phosphorus and calcium, but it stands out because it is recognized as the plant with a higher content of vitamin B3 (niacin).

The root is poisonous and is used to eliminate intestinal worms. In its composition, serotonin, a potent neurotransmitter, has been found necessary for the good state of the nervous system and whose deficiencies are responsible for pathologies such as depression, certain types of obesity, obsessive behavior, insomnia, migraines, etc.

– Water lemon, golden bellapple, lilikoi, Jamaican honeysuckle (Passiflora laurifolia)Native of Colombia and Peru, with yellow fruit of up to 8 cm and flowers with reddish petals on one side and greenish on the other.

Like the Passiflora quadrangularis, its roots serve to make decoctions with which the intestinal worms are eliminated.

It is one of the least known. It produces fruits of about 8 cm in length orange-yellowish color, which contain a pinkish-white, very juicy and slightly acidic pulp very rich in vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid).

Many times it is used to quench the thirst of the Caribbean. Todo do this, a small hole is made in one of the ends and, through it, its liquid is absorbed.

– Winged-stem passion flower, fragrant grenadilla (Passiflora alata) It is characterized for producing very showy flowers of red color and star shape. Fruits very large and very scarce, reason why they are very appreciated.

– Red banana passionfruit (Passiflora antioquiensis): It is characterized by being one of the plants of this genus that produces the longest flowers and the most delicious fruits.

It grows in a natural state in the forests of Colombia where they are pollinated by hummingbirds. Its flowers and fruit hang from long peduncles.

It is a very rare and difficult to find plant, which very rarely can be found cultivated.

– Common passion flower, blue passion flower, bluecrown passionflower, wild apricot, Jesus flower, flower of five wounds (Pasionaria caerulea) A native of Central America, it appears as a plant grown in numerous gardens with a warm climate because of its ability to withstand temperatures lower than most plants of this genus.

The flower of the passion is the plant of this genus that is most used in natural medicine.

– Banana poke (Pasionaria mollissima): It produces fruits very early and abundant. Its content in sugar is lower than in the rest of passion flowers.

More information on passion fruit and passion flower.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

How to grow PASSION FRUITS in Uganda

Ripe Passion Fruits on Plant

Passion fruit is a perennial vigorous vine, which grows to give oval or round shaped fruit.
This vine is native to tropical regions of southern Brazil; this succulent fruit is also grown in Uganda and mainly in Masaka and Kasese districts’.
The fruit is easy to grow as it gives back to the farmer in only 8-12 months.

Where to Find Market for your Passion Fruits

In addition to the local Ugandan markets, the European and the growing supermarkets in Burundi, Dr.Congo, Rwanda and South Sudan present new market opportunities for passion fruits grown in Uganda.

Common Passion Fruit varieties in Uganda

The purple Grandilla-Is popular for its scent and is locally known as Kasese, Masaka and Kenyan passion fruit variety.
Highly resistant Kawanda hybrid- this is a cross between the local purple and the yellow passion fruits.

Yellow passion -This passion fruit is grown for its aromatic but rather acidic pulp.

Soil requirements for Passion Fruits

Passion fruit plants require fertile soils with plenty of mineral supply in order to achieve optimum growth and yields.
A soil pH range of 6.0 to 6.5 is the best.
How to propagate Passion fruits in Uganda
Propagate your passion fruits using either seeds, stem cuttings, or even grafted prop gules.

How to plant Passion Fruits in Africa

Plant passion fruit in at least (2×20) ft width and 3ft depth.
The holes must be well fertilized.
Open up the planting holes at least 2-3 months earlier. This gives room to kill the soil pests and it borne diseases.
After mix the top soil with compost and then put it back, as this is very important at the initial stages.
To further boost the plant growth, add NPK and CAN fertilizer at the climbing stage and when the branches start to develop.
Harvest your passion fruits 4-6 weeks after transfer to the main field.
Trellis the fruit plant with 270 cm long and 15 cm in diameter posts. Place these posts in 60 cm deep holes spaced at 6 m apart in rows midway between the plants.
Opt for companion planting as you inter-crop passion fruits with green paper, onion, carrots and other short term veggies. However avoid crops like maize, bananas; sugar canes as these are heavy feeders.

How to Harvest Passion fruits in Uganda

Harvesting of passion fruit stars from 8-12 months especially for the purple ones.
Pick fruit when they turn from green to purple, and when the calyx has dried up leaving a small stalk attached.
For processing, fruits should preferably be left to drop on to clean mulch. They should not be plucked from their stems.
Usually fruits which have dropped can be collected once or twice a week. During the rainy season they should be picked up every other day and kept in a cool place.

Quick Tips for growing passions in Uganda

  • Deep plough the proposed site to open up soil for proper aeration and water filtration.
  • Open up planting holes of (45x45x45) cm in advance.
  • Mix the top soil with compost and then put it back to the hole.
  • Transplant the germinated seedlings at the onset of the rainy season.
  • Transplanting should be in the morning or late evening to reduce chances of their failure due to heat stress.
  • Alternatively you could start with seeds.
  • Soak the seeds in warm water to facilitate germination.
  • Leave the seeds to air dry before main planting is done.
  • Place the seeds in a 1 cm deep in polythene pots.
  • Thinly cover with soil and then water to facilitate germination.
  • When seedlings grow to a height of (20 to 25) cm, transplant them to their main location.
  • Harvest passions when the green cover of the fruit turns purple.
  • Invest in security by at your passion fruit garden by posting a full time Security guard and erecting a secure fence. This is especially useful during the harvest season.

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