- How to plant, grow and care for hybrid tea roses
- Hybrid Tea Roses
- Growing Hybrid Tea Roses
- Main Rose Types for your Garden
- What Are Hybrid Tea Roses And Grandiflora Roses?
- What is a Hybrid Tea Rose?
- What is a Grandiflora Rose?
- Hybrid tea roses to grow
- Types of Hybrid Tea Roses
How to plant, grow and care for hybrid tea roses
Hybrid teas are the most popular type of rose, referring to a category of roses that were originally created by cross-breeding Hybrid Perpetual and Tea roses. This means they are both hardy and typically repeat flower, producing large, shapely flowers that open from high-centred buds on long, straight stems. Hybrid tea roses have a stiff, upright growth habit, often sparsely foliaged, and tend to flower in three flushes from summer to late autumn. They usually have one bloom per stem, making them great for using as cut flowers.
Selecting a Hybrid Tea Rose
There are a wide range of hybrid teas available in colours ranging from soft pinks to deep reds, lilac to vibrant yellow and perfect white to apricot. Selection is very much a matter of personal taste but we suggest you refer to our ‘Best Hybrid Tea Roses A-Z’ below for some ideas.
When to Plant
Containerised roses can be planted at any time of the year, although from the beginning of autumn to early spring is best as this is when they are dormant. Do not plant your new hybrid tea rose if the ground is frozen or waterlogged. If the conditions are not appropriate, keep containerised plants in an unheated outbuilding and ‘heel in’ bare root roses by digging a trench in ordinary garden soil and placing the roots inside, covering with soil and firming down. Provide additional fleece protection if conditions are particularly harsh.
Choosing a Site
Hybrid tea roses like to be grown in a sunny position that is sheltered from strong winds. They will not succeed in shade or if crowded by other plants. A well-drained soil is preferred as they do not typically cope well with wet ground. If your garden naturally lies wet, incorporate some sand or coarse grid and organic matter when planting to improve drainage.
Double-dig the soil before planting to eliminate compaction and ensure it is well aerated. Dig your planting hole wide enough to comfortably accommodate the roots and deep enough so the graft will rest at soil level (to spot the graft point look for a bulge at the base of the shoots). Spread the roots across the planting hole and backfill using a mix of the dug soil plus plenty of well-rotted organic matter such as garden compost, recycled green waste or manure. We also recommend mixing in a generous helping of rose feed as roses are heavy feeders. Firm the soil down and water well. If you want to grow several roses together, plant them 80-100cm (6 foot) apart.
Growing Roses in Containers
Roses also grow well in containers, which is a good option if you have a heavy clay soil or just want to add a splash of colour to the patio. Choose a deep container to accommodate the rose plants deep tap root system (except for miniatures where you will get away with a smaller pot). Choose a loam-based compost such as John Innes No 3, water well and top-dress with rose fertiliser each April. All other planting steps are the same as for growing roses in the ground (see above) but you’ll need to pay special attention to feeding your rose using rose feed or another high potassium fertiliser regularly during the summer flowering period.
Pruning – Hybrid Tea Roses
Correctly pruning your hybrid tea will ensure it grows vigorously and blooms well year after year. If repeatedly left unpruned, the branches of your rose bush will gradually tangle and start to look a mess. Hybrid teas are best pruned in early March just as they are starting to grow again. Make sure you have the right equipment for the job – a good pair of gardening gloves and sharp pair of secateurs are essential.
First, remove any crossing, dead, diseased or damaged stems – cut back at the base if necessary to eliminate over-crowding and create an open, goblet shape. Next, prune the remaining stems back hard to 10-15cm (4-6 inches) above the base. Any less vigorous (older) shoots can be shortened about 5cm further. Finally, clear any fallen leaves and debris from around the base of the plant to keep things tidy and reduce the risk of disease and fertilise using rose feed.
Most hybrid tea will require some frost protection during very cold periods and frosts in the UK as they are not fully hardy. Horticultural fleece is best, but other permeable materials also work well.
Pests and Diseases
We only sell hybrid tea roses with an acceptable level of disease resistance; however, no roses are completely immune. We outline some of the main problems below and how to overcome them:
- Blindness (lack of flowers) – it’s not unusual for some stems not to flower every year, but a repeated lack of blooms across most stems is likely to be a sign of a problem. ‘Blindness’ is caused by the plant’s energy being diverted, rather than being invested into blooms. The most common reason is over-exposure to harsh weather conditions or too much shade, which can be solved by providing some protection/shelter and making sure you grow your roses in a sunny site. Make sure you remove all/most of the older wood during annual pruning to encourage vigorous new shoots and cut any blind shoots back by half to a strong bud.
- Rose Aphids – greenfly, blackfly and other insects which will suck the sap from your roses. Check your roses regularly for signs of infestation on or under the leaves and on the buds. If the infestation is minor, squashing the insects may solve the problem but often an aphid bug killer spray is required.
- Black Spot – a fungal diseases evidenced by dark purple or black blotches on the leaves, which often results in leaves turning yellow or falling off the plant. The step to deal with black spot is to collect and destroy any affected fallen leaves. Next, use a fungus killer spray as soon as possible.
- Dieback – usually caused by a combination of inadequate care, weather conditions and pests/diseases. Prevention is easier than cure, so make sure you plant your roses in well-prepared ground that is not vulnerable to drought or water-logging, spread the roots, prune annually (particularly for dead, damaged and crossing branches), feed in spring using rose feed and water during prolonged periods of dry weather. If your plant is affected by die back, make sure you do all of the above steps and consider using a fungus killer spray if you believe this may be contributing to the problem.
Hybrid Tea Roses A-Z
- Rose A Whiter Shade of Pale – beautiful and extremely fragrant, large pale pink to white flowers above an upright habit with ovate, glossy, dark green leaves.
- Rose Alecs Red – masses of luxurious, fully double, crimson to cherry red blooms produced continuously from dark purple buds between July and September.
- Rose Blessings – fully double, sweetly scented coral pink blooms produced continuously until late autumn.
- Rose Blue Moon – upright, strong-necked hybrid tea bush with very large, shapely, fully double, soft mauve-pink blooms that emerge from attractive, long pointed buds.
Rose Blue Moon
- Rose Compassion (Climbing Hybrid Tea) – beautiful, fully double, high-centred soft apricot to salmon pink blooms with an outstanding, sweet scent emerge from well-shaped buds between June and August.
- Rose Dame de Coeur – stunning red rose with glossy dark green leaves and large, fragrant mid-red flowers appearing throughout the summer and autumn above a compact bush of glossy dark green leaves.
- Rose Dawn Chorus – fragrant, eye-catching, deep orange blooms, flushed yellow at the base of each petal
- Rose Deep Secret – velvety, deep crimson blooms which emerge gracefully from dark purple buds.
Rose Dame de Coeur
- Rose Elina – masses of shapely, fully double pale primrose-yellow blooms emerge from pointed buds on strong stems before fading to a stunning, soft ivory-colour and releasing a citrus fragrance.
- Rose Freedom – beautiful, deep yellow double blooms that hold their colour throughout summer and autumn. ‘Freedom’ is a vigorous bushy variety with good disease resistance.
- Rose Indian Summer – apricot-orange coloured double flowers that have a very fragrant scent in summer and autumn. Small compact shrub with dark-green, shiny deciduous leaves, and good disease resistance.
- Rose Just Joey – large, double, coppery-apricot blooms with ruffled petals and pronounced red veining.
Rose Just Joey
- Rose Lincoln Cathedral – pink blooms with a delicate fragrance above olive green deciduous leaves. A good choice for growing in a container or using as cut flowers as the blooms last well in water.
- Rose Lovers Meeting – bright double orangey-red blooms with pointed outer petals and a sweet fragrance.
- Rose Mister Lincoln – large, high-centred, double, velvety deep red blooms emerge from long, pointed buds above leathery, dark green deciduous leaves from July to September.
- Rose National Trust – beautifully shaped crimson red blooms borne on erect stems, complimented by dark green matt foliage making an ideal rose for flower arrangements. Good disease resistance.
Rose Lovers Meeting
- Rose Pascali – large, high-centred, fully double pure white blooms which are urn-shaped and neatly-formed with a blush of creamy-yellow in the centre as they are opening.
- Rose Precious Platinum – free flowering deep crimson-scarlet rose, producing double flowers from spring through to autumn surrounded by glossy deciduous leaves, with good disease resistance.
- Rose Renaissance – beautiful pale blush pink blooms, with a slight coral tint to the centre and gorgeous strong fragrance. Produces blooms in small clusters rather than on a single stem (discountinued; A Whiter Shade of Pale is a good replacement) * Discontinued but Rose a Whiter Shade of Pale is a good replacement
- Rosa Rosemary Harkness – free flowering rose with large fragrant double orange-salmon blooms with yellow-orange on the reverse of the petals, surrounded by dark green semi-glossy deciduous foliage.
Rosa Rosemary Harkness
- Rose Royal William – delightful, beautifully-shaped, fully double deep crimson-red blooms with long stalks and a lovely, spicy fragrance. A fairly vigorous, upright, free-flowering bush with stout branches.
- Rose Ruby Wedding – shapely, fully double, deep ruby-red blooms with a velvety texture and subtle, fruity fragrance are borne continuously on stiff stems between July and September.
- Rose Silver Anniversary – bearing a lovely fragrance, white blooms are borne in an abundance amid light green foliage which has good disease resistance. Ideal gift to celebrate 25 years of marriage.
- Rose Silver Wedding – stunning, medium-sized, fully double creamy-white blooms with pale, honey-coloured centres and a subtle, pink blush on the outside of each petal.
Rose Ruby Wedding
- Rose Simply The Best – stunning rose which has beautiful fragrance and mandarin coloured blooms that repeat all summer long. The growth is upright with dark green glossy foliage that is reddish when new.
- Rose Special Anniversary – excellent strongly fragranced rose, beautiful deep pink blooms lasting throughout the season. Healthy glossy foliage of a bushy upright habit, very good disease resistance.
- Rose Tequila Sunrise – pretty eye-catching large double, yellow flowers with scarlet margins.
- Rose Warm Wishes – classic shaped, peach-coral flowers with an excellent fragrance and weather resistance. Perfect present for most occasions.
Rose Tequila Sunrise
- Rose With Thanks – large blooms of pink blend with a yellow reverse and a magnificent strong fragrance above healthy dark green deciduous foliage with very few thorns. Good for using as cut flowers.
Rose With Thanks
Hybrid Tea Roses
History Hybrid Tea Roses:
It is widely accepted that the earliest known hybrid tea was bred in France in 1867 by nurseryman Jean-Baptiste Guillot. He named it La France and it was reportedly created by crossing the Madame Bravy tea rose, with the Madame Victor Verdier hybrid perpetual rose. That is where the class name hybrid tea first came from. In the decades since that first creation, there were numerous other varieties bred, however this new type of rose didn’t really take off until the year 1900 when the rose Soleil d’Or was bred.
The Soleil d’Or rose was bred in France by Pernet-Ducher, who lived in Lyons. It was that same century that hybrid tea roses solidified their place in history as the most popular types of roses, when Francis Meilland introduced the famous Peace rose near the end of the Second World War. Since that time the Peace roses has been one of the most popular cultivars of roses that have ever been introduced to the world, and you can still purchase them to this day to grow in your garden.
Growing Hybrid Tea Roses:
Being a cross between two parent roses, it is not surprising that hybrid tea roses share their parental traits, only to a lesser extreme. Where tea roses tend to be very tender plants, the hybrid perpetual are very hardy. This crossing gives the hybrid teas a more versatile adaptability to various growing conditions, while still retaining many of the preferable traits of their parents. Roses that fall into the hybrid tea class tend to lean toward the shape of upright bushes and will grow anywhere between 2 and 6 feet tall depending on the variety and growing conditions.
Hybrid tea roses are prized by florists around the world for bouquets and arrangements because their blooms tend to grow individually on somewhat long stems, making them perfect for cuttings. While there are some varieties that are tolerant of partial shade, roses in general require a lot of sun light to produce blooms and you will not get the same results in a shady location, as you would a site that gets 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. Hybrid teas also need soil that drains well, but still has some measure of moisture retention for them to absorb the nutrients.
Planting Hybrid Tea Roses:
Planting hybrid tea roses is actually easier than most people believe and it depends in part on where you bought your roses from. Before we get to that however, I always suggest to newer growers to take a trip to their local garden center and pick up a bag of organic compost before they do any digging around their garden. When you dig a hole for planting, mix in the compost with the loose soil at a ratio of 2 parts soil to 1 part compost. This makes for a great soil amendments and I’ve discovered roses absolutely love it!
If you found your hybrid teas locally, then most likely they have already been planted and are established and read to bloom. These are the easiest types of roses to plant because the guesswork is already take care of for you. Dig yourself a hole that is about twice the diameter of the container the plant came in, and equally as deep. This will give you ample room around the root ball for your new soil mix, while still keeping the bud union at the same depth it was planted in the container.
If you ordered your hybrid teas from an online nursery however, it’s a good bet they shipped them to you as a bareroot plant, still in its dormancy. Many growers are intimidated by bareroot plants but there is really no reason to be. The first thing you should do is soak the plant overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water to rehydrate the plant. The following day, dig yourself a hole that is as wide as the longest roots on the plant, and plenty deep enough so that you can mound up some soil in the center for the plant to sit on, but still keep the bud union about an inch or two below the surface of the soil.
Set your hybrid tea in place and spread the roots out in all directions around the mound, then back fill the hole about halfway using your new soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud. Go ahead and then back fill the hole the rest of the way and give it one more heavy watering to fully settle the soil. This should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
Caring for Hybrid Tea Roses:
Taking care of hybrid tea roses is really easy and they aren’t usually as high maintenance as many people think…most varieties anyway! The first thing you have to make sure of is that you are providing them with ample water, but without overwatering them. This might seem like a contradiction but it isn’t. Too little water and the roses won’t get enough nutrients. Too much water and you risk exposing them to a whole range of diseases and problems. A good rule of thumb is one deep watering each week. You can stick your finger into the soil at the base of the plant to check for moisture. If it comes out wet, then you do not need to water again yet.
You should also take care not to water your roses from the top down and needlessly soaking the leaves. Drier leaves lead to healthier roses so always try to water just the base of the plant when possible. You can also give your roses a dose of a good, granular, all-purpose fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves start to bud. I usually try to avoid the liquid chemical fertilizers myself as I’ve discovered they too easily will burn some varieties of roses, if not applied properly.
For repeat blooming varieties of hybrid teas, you can give them additional feedings over the course of the growing season to keep them in bloom. For these, I will typically give them a second dose just as the first big bloom starts to form. I will give them a third dose around mid-summer to promote late season blooms. Just follow the dosing instructions on your fertilizer and I will usually wait at least 4 weeks in between feedings.
Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses:
Pruning the hybrid teas is pretty simple as they do not tend to get very big and cumbersome. You should almost always prune your hybrid tea roses in the early spring before the leaves form. The first thing you should do is remove all the dead wood from the previous season, along with any canes that look discolored from disease. Most of the time I will simply remove canes that look unhealthy for any reason, as I would rather promote new growth instead. Next, cut back any lateral canes that overlap one another as these will ultimately compete for sun light once the leaves open up. Lastly, cut back all the remaining canes by one third of whatever their current height is. This will help promote new growth.
Pruning time is also a great time to rake up around the base of your hybrid tea roses and clean up any dead leaves or debris that may have collected there. Never let decaying material lay around the base of your roses as these can be an open invitation to pests and diseases. Throw this material away with your cuttings in the trash. Never toss them into the compost bin or pile as many spores and such can survive even the cold winter months and they will gladly re-infect plants the following spring if you spread infected compost soil around your garden. I will always finish up my pruning by giving my hybrid teas a fresh layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
Leave Hybrid Tea Roses and go to Types of Roses
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Growing Hybrid Tea Roses
If you want to give roses on special occasions, growing hybrid tea roses is the way to go. A modern rose, the hybrid tea rose is the result of two old timers getting together: the Hybrid Perpetual and the Tea Rose. These gorgeous modern flowers grow on large stems and bloom throughout the year. Although this rose only gives off a faint scent, it makes up for this shortcoming with its many petals and tall stature. The hybrid tea rose is commonly referred to as ‘your basic rose on a stick’.
They will look fabulous in any garden. Gardeners growing hybrid tea roses should plant them in rows by themselves, as it’s much easier to tend to them this way. Be sure to keep this area weed-free. These roses, like most flowers, do not take well to weeds. You should space your flowers approximately twenty-four inches apart from one another. This will ensure a good growth habit. If you’re up for the challenge of growing hybrid tea roses, plant them this spring and start a tradition.
Many gardeners steer clear of the hybrid tea rose because they’re turned off by the idea of thorns. Well, the wonderful thing about this flower is that there are actually several thornless varieties! When you’re shopping for these flowers, look for tags that read ‘smooth’ on the label. This, of course, implies that the rose is thorn-free. You can find these flowers in every color, with the exception of blue.
Hybrid tea roses require plenty of water during hot weather, especially if the hot weather is accompanied by dryness. Although most gardens require a good soaking every two weeks, other gardens require a weekly soaking. Regardless of the schedule, if the ground looks very dry and cracked, you should water your flowers. Placing mulch around your roses is a very good idea. The mulch will help prevent weeds and conserve moisture.
The hybrid tea rose will most likely reach its full height after approximately three years. Even after pruning, the flower will grow back to this height annually. Most modern roses, such as the hybrid tea, live a span of six or seven years, and longer if the flower has been given exceptional care. It’s important that your roses are given sun. Roses require a minimum of six hours of sun a day. Morning sun is essential to a rose’s proper growth. The morning sun will dry up excess moisture and dew, which will help prevent diseases from developing.
In February, when your flowers are dormant, you’ll want to prune your roses. Your first step will be to remove dead branches and damaged canes. In colder climates, you’ll most likely have to cut all the old damaged wood. Look for lively green canes. Those are the canes that will produce buds in the spring. In warmer areas, remove any existing leaves from the plant, as this will promote new growth. Lastly, remove any debris from your garden. Now you’re ready for spring. As spring approaches and your roses begin to grow, you should fertilize your home garden with a high-nitrogen fertilizer.
These flowers really are the definition of classic elegance, so if you have the space in your garden do consider growing hybrid tea roses.
Here’s a nice little video which walks around an exhibition rose garden full of hybrid teas: Hybrid Tea Rose Garden Video
Main Rose Types for your Garden
There are many different types of roses. With over 150 species and thousands of hybrids, the rose world is incredibly diverse in terms of form, color, vigor or fragrance. Some varieties are compact enough to grow in containers on the patio, others are perfect candidates for the mixed border or for climbing up a wall or a pergola. To help you sort through the differences and pick the right one for your needs, you will find below the most popular types of roses grown today.
Nothing sets off a house like a Climbing Rose in full bloom trained against the walls, or draping the porch. Climbing Roses are vigorous shrubs with long, arching, stiff and thorny stems that are well adapted to training on arches, arbors, obelisks, pillars, fences, trellis and walls. They produce an abundance of large, single or clustered, often fragrant flowers. Unlike Rambling Roses, most Climbing Roses usually repeat flower throughout summer and fall. Most bloom two or more times every season: first on old canes, and then on the current season’s growth. However, several cultivars bloom continuously throughout the growing season. Climbing Roses require more care and attention than Rambling Roses. They need annual pruning and training.
Rosa ‘Crimson Glory’
Rosa ‘Joseph’s Coat’
Highly popular, English Roses combine the rosette form and perfume of old roses with the color range and repeat-flowering habits of modern roses. As Rose breeder, David Austin’s achievement is in marrying the romantic “English Rose” look with reliable garden performance, vigorous growth, full bushes, disease-resistance and prolific season-long bloom. Over 200 English Roses have been released over the past 50 years, and many of them have received the highest rewards. Their graceful, shrubby habits make them ideal for mixed borders or large containers. Many varieties can also be trained as climbers or used to create flowering hedges.
Rosa ‘A Shropshire Lad’
Rosa ‘Golden Celebration’
Floribunda means a profusion of flowers. Single to fully double, the flowers are borne in large clusters on strong stems, and are produced continuously from late spring to fall. Although the blossoms are smaller than those of the Hybrid Tea roses, they are produced in such quantities that they made a big impact. Floribunda roses are free branching shrubs of upright or bushy habit. Generally disease resistant, then tend to be hardy and easy to care for. Perfect for beds and borders or flowering hedges.
Rosa ‘Angel Face’
Rosa ‘Golden Beauty’
Grandiflora roses are a class that was created in the last century to classify crosses between Hybrid Tea and Floribunda roses that fit neither category. They are a combination of the graceful blooms of the Hybrid Teas and the repetitive growth cycle of Floribundas. Grandiflora roses have large, showy flowers that are produced on long stems, either singly or in clusters of three to five blooms. Their shrubs are generally larger and more upright than Hybrid Teas. Although hardy and vigorous, they tend to be less popular than Hybrid Teas or Floribunda roses.
Rosa ‘Cherry Parfait’
Rosa ‘Strike it Rich’
Rosa ‘Mother of Pearl’
Groundcover roses are spreading and trailing shrub roses, mostly with prickly stems and glossy leaves. They bear clusters of numerous single to fully double, sometimes fragrant flowers, and usually bloom nonstop. They are wonderful for covering banks, slopes or rocky areas where they display a colorful flower carpet all summer long. They tend to be extremely disease resistant and require little attention.
Rosa ‘Coral Drift’
Rosa ‘Flower Carpet Amber’
Rosa ‘Pink Drift’
Hybrid Tea Roses are some of the most prized cut flowers. Undeniably beautiful, they boast large, perfectly formed, high-centered blooms on long, elegant stems. Available in an extensive range of colors, many enjoy a delightful fragrance. They are repeat-flowering, free-branching shrub roses of upright or bushy habit. Perfect for beds and borders, they are excellent for cutting. They are the least hardy of the modern roses and have a reputation for being high-maintenance.
Rosa ‘Double Delight’
Rosa ‘Papa Meilland’
Rosa ‘Apricot Candy’
Rambling roses are vigorous shrubs with long, arching stems which emerge from the base of the plants and are easy to train on trellises, over archways and pergolas. They are useful for scrambling through bushes and into trees, covering unsightly objects or large expanses of wall. Rambler Roses are a spectacular sight when in full bloom. They typically produce an abundance of small, often fragrant flowers held in large sprays, sometimes up to 20 blooms per stem. Unlike Climbing Roses, most Rambler Roses bloom once in late spring or early summer for several weeks. They may not repeat flower, but they make up for it with the massive quantities of blooms they produce in their main flush.Their long canes are literally smothered in roses, forming impressive cascades of colorful blooms. Tough and reliable, Rambling Roses are generally very healthy and disease resistant, tolerant of partial shade and poor soils. They require less care and attention than Climbing Roses.
Rosa ‘Francois Juranville’
Rosa banksiae ‘Lutea’
Most shrub roses result from crossing Old Garden Roses and Modern Roses. They include a rich variety of shrubs in terms of size, color, growth habit and fragrance. Most shrub roses are reliable, tough, disease resistant and repeat blooming from late spring to fall. Usually heavy blooming with smaller flowers but in greater quantities than the hybrid tea and floribunda roses. They are perfect for screens, hedges, beds and borders and as specimen plants. Generally, they are hardy, easy-care plants.
Rosa ‘Double Knock Out’
Rosa ‘Rhapsody in Blue’
Rosa ‘Scarlet Meidiland’
What Are Hybrid Tea Roses And Grandiflora Roses?
By Stan V. Griep
American Rose Society Consulting Master Rosarian – Rocky Mountain District
In this article, we will take a look at two classifications of roses: the Hybrid Tea rose and the Grandiflora rose. These are among the two most popular varieties of rose bushes grown.
What is a Hybrid Tea Rose?
The hybrid tea rose’s blooms are usually what come to mind when most anyone thinks of roses. These beautiful high centered classic beautiful blooms are what many give or receive from friends or loved ones. These beautiful blooms can help express Love, Joy, Peace and Sympathy better than most words could possibly say.
The hybrid tea rose bush produces blooms that are typically one to a stem atop tall canes with long stems perfect for cutting. At times she will bloom in clusters, but most of the time any side buds she produces are disbudded (removed) before they gain much of any size. Those who show roses at rose shows and those whom grow roses for florists or flower shops want the big single high centered blooms for their uses.
Nearly all hybrid tea roses bloom repeatedly throughout the summer. They love their sunshine and will need a minimum of five hours of sunshine to perform well, the more sunshine the better usually. The morning sunshine is the best with partial shading from the hottest afternoon sun being welcome.
The hybrid tea rose is considered a Modern Rose and came about from a cross of the hybrid perpetual rose and the tea rose. The hybrid tea roses hardiness exceeds that of her parents and, thus, has become a very popular rose bush indeed. Most of the hybrid teas have a wonderful fragrance, that fragrance being mild to powerful.
Some of my favorite hybrid tea roses are:
- Veterans’ Honor Rose
- Chicago Peace Rose
- Gemini Rose
- Liebeszauber Rose
- Mister Lincoln Rose
What is a Grandiflora Rose?
The grandiflora rose appears to have begun with a rose bush named Queen Elizabeth, a medium pink colored fragrant bloomer introduced around 1954. She is a true elegant blooming beauty, a cross between a hybrid tea rose and a floribunda rose. She has truly picked up the best parts of both of her parents, with her high centered hybrid tea like beautiful blooms on long stems, excellent for cutting for bouquets and such. She also gained the hardiness, good repeat blooming and cluster bloom production of the floribunda rose.
The grandiflora rose bush likes to grow tall and will usually exceed all other roses in height other than the climbers, of course. As with the hybrid tea and other classifications of roses, she loves the sunshine and also loves to be fed well and watered well, not to the point of being over fed or kept so wet as to have a soggy root zone, just moist enough for good uptake of the water needed to carry the nutrients up through her root zone to the palace of blooms above!
Some of my favorite grandiflora rose bushes are:
- Fragrant Plum Rose
- Gold Medal Rose
- Lagerfeld Rose
- Ch-Ching! Rose
- Strike It Rich Rose
- Tournament of Roses Rose
Both of these rose bushes love to grow tall and usually need 30 inches to a bit more of room around them for good air circulation. Both the hybrid tea and grandiflora rose bushes have blooms that come in many colors depending on the rose bushes selected. One color or blend of colors to each bush, though, and other than the colors blue or black, as those colors have eluded hybridizers trying to achieve them for many years.
Tea roses may, not withstanding our magnificent Hybrid Teas, be taken as a supreme expression of what is most delicately beautiful. Refined in color, powerfully sweet, generous in bloom, neither what we say nor the pictures we see do them justice.
Ethelyn Emery Keays, Old Roses
In the 1930s and early 1940s, whenever Francis and Marjorie Lester left their nursery, which they had moved from Monterey to Watsonville in 1937, they were on a rescue mission. Sometimes for two-week stretches, they took to the backroads of California looking for the old roses so rapidly being dropped from catalogs and cultivation in favor of the hybrid tea roses. They were not alone in their desire to protect and preserve what was rapidly being lost. In the east, Mrs Ethelyn Emery Keays was collecting and identifying all the old roses she could find in Calvert County, Maryland, and writing a classic text about them: Old Roses (1935). Here in the West, the Lesters searched through old gardens, cemeteries, and the rewarding richness of the Mother Lode country.
That two hundred mile strip of land on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, where the gold rush had taken place after 1849, was a virtual preservation area for the neglected and the forgotten. “I think there is not one of the fifty or more of the old mining towns and settlements which doesn’t have its old roses, although some of them may be hard to find,” Mr Lester wrote in 1941. Gallicas, Bourbons, hybrid perpetuals were still surviving there. And “everywhere” Lester went, he found “the old Tea roses, still flourishing and in bloom even in the late autumn. . . . whenever we found in old gardens any of the Tea roses, which start readily from cuttings, we found them in other gardens close by, and then not again for a long distance.”
One “old forgotten favorite we have rescued from old California gardens,” the red and pink striped ‘Rainbow’ (1889), came into the Lester Rose Garden catalog in the late 1930s. There have been other striped teas—‘Flag of the Union’ (1877), ‘American Banner’ (1879)—but only ‘Rainbow’, found sporting from ‘Papa Gontier’ (1882) by John Seivers of San Francisco, seems to have survived. In 1941, their catalog offered “the rare climbing sport of ‘Papa Gontier’ (1904) and not many of those.” Still a rarity, this climber can now only be obtained from a single French nursery.
Coming from a colder climate to garden in Southern California, one of my happiest surprises was the revelation of the tea roses, too tender to flourish in places I had previously gardened. Brought from China via Europe, they had acclimatized themselves to the friendly warmth of the American South and Southwest. Those old roses were tenacious, putting down strong roots and surviving conditions that would shrink a hybrid tea rose back to its rootstock (teas do best on their own roots). They do tend to have weak necks, since the pedicel below the bloom has insufficient strength to bear the weight of the double flowers; though not true of all of them, it does seem to be a family characteristic. “Under average conditions they require no spraying,” Francis Lester wrote. “They rather resent pruning and, indeed, are at their best when left unpruned.” Sound advice, that. One of my first plantings, ‘Rosette Delizy,’ left unpruned except for deadheading, grew to a majestic size (in Bermuda, paradise island for tea roses, it can grow to twelve feet), but, when a long spell of surgery and convalescence kept me out of the garden, someone “tidied it up,” from which it never recovered. (Tidy gardeners can be dangerous.) Although the teas are generally remarkably free of the common rose ailments, I did find the exception. Distributed erroneously as ‘Old Gold’ (1913), (which it wasn’t, since the rose of that name was a McGredy hybrid tea), this one had every disfiguring disease available to the rose. It could have been merely a geographic problem, since it had a place in the catalogs over many years and has only recently dropped out; but, for me, it was a garden eyesore.
Roy Hennessey, the famously cantankerous nurseryman from Scapoose, Oregon, who fought a running feud with the rose “eggsperts” (that is, everyone but Mr Hennessey, himself) considered the tea roses not a class but a type. Certainly the first of them to reach Europe had resulted from cross breeding and cultivation in Chinese gardens. There are no roses quite like them in their responsiveness to growing conditions, to sun and soil, and to the changeability of the seasons, which can cause, often quite markedly, a transfiguration of the coloring.
Rosa ‘Safrano’. Photographs by William Grant
From the beginning, nurserymen were aware of this volatility. Robert Buist, in 1844, noted the changeling nature of the bloom on ‘Safrano’ (1838), supposedly the first hand-pollinated rose—happily, still with us. “When it opens in the morning it is a fine saffron or a dark orange color and is beautiful, in the forenoon it is blush, and in the afternoon is a very poor white and not worth notice, and unless you see it pass through these changes you can scarcely believe it to be the same rose.” The finger is on the fast-forward button here, but the observation is accurate.
Rosa ‘Niles Cochet’
The tea roses were largely a French specialty, but America contributed some good ones. Surprisingly few have come from California, though, considering the congeniality of the climate. The best-known West Coast contribution, rarely properly credited, is ‘Niles Cochet’ (1906), which was found sporting from one of the great tea roses, ‘Maman Cochet’ (1892), at the California Nursery in Niles (now part of Fremont). With markedly more red in the bloom than ‘Maman Cochet’, sufficient for it to have once been known as ‘Crimson Maman Cochet’, the family resemblance between the two is unmistakable and confusing. Over many years, the principal American old-rose nursery sent out ‘Niles’ as ‘Maman’ (which is how I came by it).
Rosa ‘Maman Cochet’
Rich cream stirred with carmine, ‘Maman Cochet’, named for the mother and grandmother of its raiser, Mr Scipion-Cochet, became the founder of a formidable family. The large, eighty-petaled bloom set a standard by which many later roses were judged. Thus we have had (not all of them teas and not all of them still around) ‘Yellow Maman’ (syn. ‘Alexander Hill Grey’, 1911), another ‘Crimson Maman Cochet’ (syn. ‘Etoile de France’, 1904), ‘Red Maman Cochet’ (syn. ‘Helen Gould’, 1901, the American rename of ‘Balduin’, 1896), ‘Blush Maman Cochet’ (syn. ‘William R Smith’, 1908), and the three direct offspring, ‘Niles Cochet’, ‘Climbing Maman Cochet’ (1915), and ‘White Maman Cochet’ (1896). The latter, once prized as just about the best white available, has the fullness of the parent but, in Southern California at least, is not a pristine white. Here a stain of crimson rims the outer edges of the petals as if lightly stroked by a calligrapher’s brush. A ‘Climbing White Maman Cochet’ (1911) also exists.
Out of China
The bringing of the tea roses to the Western world has been well documented. The first arrival, Rosa x odorata in 1810, was obtained from the famous Fa Tee Nursery in Canton by an agent of The East India Company. Sent back to the Romford garden of Sir Abraham Hume, it was named ‘Hume’s Blush’ to honor his wife, Lady Amelia. In the Anglicizing, no one seems to have thought the original Chinese name that it must have had to be worth remembering.
Rosa ‘Park’s Yellow’
Fourteen years later and from that same nursery, John Dampier Parks, then collecting for the (not yet Royal) Horticultural Society of London, shipped Rosa odorata ochroleuca (remembered as ‘Park’s Yellow’), together with the yellow form of R. banksiae back to London. Thus, the beginnings of the tea-scented China roses, named for the floral fragrance of newly crushed leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis), a fragrance more accessible to nineteenth century noses than it has ever been to mine. I find it light and elusive, not strong and lingering.
Older authorities often list the blushing pink ‘Adam’ as the first of the European-raised tea roses, and it was so described when it came back into commerce in 1980. Named for its raiser, M Adam of Rheims, its premier place has since been challenged, and its introductory date moved from 1833 up to 1838. The first yellow tea, a coloring new to European remontant (reblooming) roses was ‘Smith’s Yellow’ (1833), a yellow that was pastel rather than vibrant. To confuse the issue, the English writer EE Robinson listed twenty-seven tea roses predating 1833 (The Rose, September 1969), noting that all might be of questionable parentage or value. None have survived, if indeed they ever got much distribution.
The English nurseryman Thomas Rivers, writing in 1846, refers to ‘Adam’ as a fine new tea rose but singles out ‘Princess Marie’, which he saw blooming in Paris in June, 1837, as “having greater perfection than any other Tea rose.” In 1846, the Philadelphia nurseryman Robert Buist gave a fairly lengthy listing of the teas without a mention of ‘Adam’.
Nineteenth-century rose literature is extensive, excellent, and easy to access, since the best of it was reprinted in facsimile in 1978 and 1979, with authoritative introductions by eminent rosarians. Practical nurserymen, the authors recorded exactly what it was they saw, with no time for that romantic mythification that attaches so readily to writings on the rose. For my taste, Mr Buist is the most readable. His Rose Manual takes a lively look at both roses and nurserymen. Retaining the sharp probity of his Scottish ancestry, he takes a dim view of the more questionable practices of his profession.
The English come off the worst in Buist’s opinion. They would, he wrote, go over to France at the end of the season, buy up surplus stocks of a desirable rose, rename it, advertise it as a new variety, and sell it off at a premium price. French rose exporters were not too trustworthy either. “They have plants to suit any name and color.” Nor do his American colleagues escape unscathed. They were apt to substitute a lesser variety for a popular rose that was sold out, without informing the customer of the switch. Buist had “at least four” different roses offered as ‘Comte de Paris’, a rose so esteemed in France it had kept its high introductory price over several years.
In Search of Yellow
One of Buist’s own offerings was ‘Flavescens’ or ‘Yellow Tea’. This was another name for ‘Park’s Yellow’ and, Buist wrote, had been introduced into the US by his late partner Mr Hibberd in 1828; “the first plants that were sold of them was in 1830 and they are now found in their thousands in every part of the United States.”
Rosa ‘Hume’s Blush’
Two years after Buist’s Rose Manual came out, the Flushing, New York, nurseryman, Robert William Prince, produced another in that classic cluster of rose texts, Prince’s Manual of Roses. Actively engaged in the importation of European roses, he never mentions ‘Adam’ but does tell us that both ‘Hume’s Blush’ and ‘Park’s Yellow’ had been brought here by his father, and that the first considerable import of the subsequent tea roses “was made from Loddiges and Sons of London by the author himself.”
If the claims of Buist and Prince seem to clash on who first handled ‘Park’s Yellow’ here, it reflects the fierce competition to bring foreign novelties to American gardeners. The impression that America gave and Britain received is not entirely correct. And the first repeat blooming yellow rose was certainly a decorative novelty, that being the most coveted color in nineteenth century roses: a bright yellow, fixed and unfading.
Even the most popular of the yellow tea roses were unstable in their coloring. The hints and tints of that color in the opening bloom bleached so that the fading flowers were transformed into ghosts of their former selves. Even the most stable yellows can change through the flowering stage. The large cupped bloom of the vigorous, prolific, and almost thornless ‘Mrs Dudley Cross’ (1906) goes from a blend of pastel yellows in the spring to a rich ivory, flushed and veined in crimson in the fall. Seen from opposite ends of the year, they could be two different cultivars with only the fullness of their sixty-five petals in common. The changes in ‘Etoile de Lyon’ (1881) are less visually striking but still noticeable: the haze of old gold covering the ebullient growth for much of the year fades beautifully to an antique parchment—and to an unsightly shrivel if moisture touches the opening petals, liking its water only to the roots.
The desired buttercup brilliancy appears strongly in the Persian double yellow rose (Rosa foetida ‘Persiana’), brought from Iran into the London gardens of the Horticultural Society in 1838. Thereafter, the challenge was to bring that coloring into the mainstream. Some have suggested that a Lyon nurseryman, Antoine Level, crossed it into his tea, ‘Ma Capuchine’ (1871), but there is no proof of that. Opening to a nasturtium yellow, it quickly faded to white, and the plant itself grew weakly. Henry Ellwanger, another Philadelphia nurseryman and the author of a classic rose monograph, The Rose (1882), wasted no time on it. “A very distinct rose which for its delicate habit is useless for ordinary cultivators to attempt growing,” he wrote. Despite its faults and its bad press, Gertrude Jekyll still thought it worth recommending to British gardeners in 1902 as “the best of the buttonhole roses, quite distinct in color.”
With obsessive dedication, another Lyon nurseryman, Joseph Pernet-Ducher, spent seventeen years trying to enlarge the gene pool. Not until 1900 was he able to introduce ‘Soleil d’Or’ and bring the Persian yellow into the ancestry of modern roses. It still lacked the brightness he was looking for (that came later), but it opened up the genus to the day-glow coloring of vibrating oranges, yellows, and reds that splashed across gardens through the twentieth century. The tea roses, though, after peaking in popularity between 1880 and 1910, went into decline as the hybrid teas, with their greater climatic flexibility and wider color range, took over.
The Decline of the Tea Rose
Fittingly, perhaps, the last of the tea roses to secure a permanent garden place came from the French firm of Nabonnand, which had always specialized in them. Gilbert and Paul, father and son, raised some two hundred teas between 1872 and 1922 (EB Robinson puts the exact count at 188 by 1914). They have been accused of putting quantity before quality, but the firm’s last introduction was a beauty. That ‘Rosette Delizy’ (1922) survives (except in my garden after it got “tidied up”) is most likely due to its shapely bloom, its high-pointed center being the equal of any hybrid tea. Usually classed as a “yellow blend,” this lovely rose opens a rich, creamy yellow with apricot reflexes held in a cup of carmine, but, as it ages, the darker colors flush across the bloom until what has opened yellow matures and dies as red.
Paul Nobannand’s penultimate tea rose was ‘Princess Ghika’ (1921), named for an eccentric, reclusive Serbian princess. In 1895, she acquired the fifteenth-century Villa Gamberaia in Tuscany, extending it into one of the great Italian gardens (destroyed during World War II, house and garden were privately restored after 1954), but the rose named for her has been as reclusive as the princess. “A dark wine-red, an unusual color in the class, darker than any other Tea we know,” J Horace McFarland wrote of it in the 1923 American Rose Annual, recommending it to southern gardeners. It was in the old-rose catalogs of Bobbink and Atkins of Rutherford, New Jersey, until the early thirties: “Large full flowers of elegant form . . . brilliant wine-red reflexes, possibly the reddest Tea we have ever seen.” Deepest reds are not a common coloring in the tea roses, but that distinction seems not to have saved it. Hopefully, it may still be growing reclusively in some southern garden, but I have never been able to find any photographs of it (even the princess, herself, shunned the camera as she grew older).
For all practical purposes, ‘Rosette Delizy’ was the end of the tea roses. Quite a number have appeared briefly since. One of these lag-lasts, ‘Darling’ (1955), was in my garden for a dozen years, a brilliant pink but looking more hybrid than tea. When it declined, it was not replaced, since, by then, many older, better, more distinctive teas had become available—far more than could ever be given space in my small suburban garden.
The tea roses were never mass-marketed like the hybrid teas. French estimates have put their total number at around eighteen hundred. This may well be a Francophile accounting, and it is certainly a Eurocentric one. How many grew in Chinese gardens before Sir Abraham claimed ‘Hume’s Blush’ as his own, we can never know. Do even the Chinese have any idea of what has survived the trials and tribulations of their history?
Rosa ‘Tipsy Imperial Concubine’
Within immediate memory, only one Chinese tea rose has been brought west. The British rosarian, Hazel le Rougerel, saw ‘Tipsy Imperial Concubine’ in gardens there in 1982, and Peter Beales brought it into his extensive British old-rose catalog in 1989. Thought to be of ancient vintage it did not start a rush to import from the Chinese heritage. Tea and China roses are closely related and, more recently, a hybrid China with globular red flowers opening on to a white eye has been offered under the delightfully appropriate name of ‘White Pearl in Red Dragon’s Mouth’. Although thought to be of ancient Chinese origin, it seems now to have been collected in the United States.
More to Come?
Since the revival of interest in old roses and the networking of “old rosers” into the Heritage Rose Group, far more have been found than could reasonably have been expected, although not all we grow may be true to name. Is that beautifully quartered, spicily scented, and vigorous white climber, ‘Sombreuil’, the 1850 original from M Robert or, possibly, a later hybrid? This one has caused quite a disagreement, although it does not seem to have affected the rose’s popularity or availability.
Over the years, a lot of nametags have been lost, and a lot of lovely old selections have parted from their pedigrees. Until recently, a found rose with a conferred name was treated with a Puritan disdain for the illegitimate. The Lesters tried to bring one or two of these found roses into their catalogs, but they only lasted a season. That prejudice has disappeared. Generally, these new, conferred names refer to the geographic location at which they were found; ‘Georgetown Pink Tea’ from Texas, ‘McClinton’s Tea’ from McClinton, Louisiana, and ‘Martha Gonzales’ a lovely China rose from Navasoto, Texas, named for the lady in whose garden it had been preserved.
North America’s largest collection of teas and hybrid perpetuals is but a part of the great assemblage of antique and extraordinary roses gathered by Gregg Lowery and Philip Robinson at Vintage Gardens in Sebastopol, California (www.vintagegardens.com). Their catalog is almost encyclopedic in the breadth of its coverage and the amount of information it contains—like an archaeological dig into the history of the rose. Here they all are, the familiar and the found, the ‘Safrano’s and the ‘Maman Cochet’s along with ‘Angel’s Camp White Tea’, ‘Westside Road Pink Tea’, and the striking ‘8475 Center Street Orange Tea’ found in the old California mining town of Mokelumne Hill.
Hybrid tea roses to grow
Hybrid tea roses are known for their diversity of flower colours and large, ‘pointed’ blooms.
In form, they tend to be short, upright plants and while not particularly bushy, are sure to impress in the border with their large, often scented flowers. They’re ideal for formal gardens and cut flower gardens.
To keep any rose looking good, make sure you follow our advice on looking after roses in autumn and these tips on growing better roses.
More on growing roses:
- How to grow shrub and species roses
- Climbing roses to grow
- What to grow with roses
Discover seven of our favourite hybrid tea roses.
Hybrid tea roses are known for their diversity of flower colours and ‘pointed’ blooms.
‘Lynda Bellingham’ has warm peach-pink blooms with a rich, spicy aroma. A compact and sturdy cultivar.
Height x spread: 80cm x 70cm.
Rosa ‘Nostalgia’ has creamy blooms with petals that are fringed with a bright, plummy red. The blooms are complemented by reddish new growth and glossy foliage. Slight fragrance.
H x S: 45cm x 45cm.
‘Buxom Beauty’ is a tall-growing cultivar with deep green leaves and good disease resistance. The fuchsia pink flowers have a strong fragrance.
H x S: 1.2m x 1m.
Delicately scented ‘Eloise’ has warm salmon coloured blooms set against glossy leaves. This variety can be trained to grow up a wall or trellis, as well as in a border.
H x S: 90cm x 60cm.
‘Silver Shadow’ has large, smoky-mauve flowers that have a lovely fragrance. Growth is strong and bushy.
H x S: 1m x 1m.
Rosa ‘Diamond Days’ is a lovely hybrid tea rose with pale, yellow-white blooms that have a citrusy fragrance. With its upright, bushy growth, it’s a good choice for herbaceous borders.
H x S: 80cm x 60cm.
This exquisite cultivar has deep pink flowers that have a rich fragrance. They’re all the more vibrant with the backdrop of glossy green leaves. As a relatively compact cultivar, ‘Special Anniversary’ is suited to small gardens.
H x S: 45cm x 60cm.
Regular deadheading is imperative to ensure your roses keep flowering for as long as possible. On healthy stems just remove the old flowerheads, but if the flowers are held on a weak, spindly stem, it’s worth pruning the whole stem out to encourge fresh, vigorous growth.
Types of Hybrid Tea Roses
Introduction to Types of Hybrid Tea Roses:
The first question you might ask is what exactly is a hybrid tea rose? A hybrid tea rose is a cross pollination of an old fashioned tea rose with a hybrid perpetual. This type of rose is by far the most popular rose around the world because they encompass all of the features that one looks for in a rose; beauty, easy maintenance, and great fragrances.
One of the more distinct difference between a hybrid tea rose and other types is the fact that a hybrid tea rose will generally only have a single bloom at the end of its long stems. Hybrid teas are the types that you find so many cut flowers from in your local florist’s shop. Hybrid teas tend to grow as more open plants, rather than compact bushy varieties. You can expect most types of hybrid tea roses to grow anywhere from 3 feet tall all the way up to 6 feet, depending on growing conditions.
Choosing the Right Types of Hybrid Tea Roses:
Many people will say that hybrid tea roses are fussy plants and do not grow as well as other types. The fact is more often than not the success of the plant is more a factor of the gardener than the plant itself. Roses are no different than any other type of plant and they require certain growing conditions and some degree of dedication to get them to thrive. The single biggest thing you can do to ensure the success of your roses is to pick varieties of hybrid teas that are suited best for your zone and climate.
For instance if you live in a region where your summers are very humid, you will want to search for types of hybrid tea roses that are disease resistant, especially to mildew. Likewise, if your summers tend to be hot and dry most of the time, then pick a variety that has a strong tolerance for heat and drought and has been proven to be a vigorous grower in this conditions. Also pay close attention to the zone ratings on the variety you choose. It will do no good if you choose a variety that can’t survive a harsh winter in your area. The right choice of plants goes a long way towards a successful garden, this logic applies to all types of plants.
Types of Hybrid Tea Roses – Cabernet Sauvignon & Merlot:
This Jackson and Perkins exclusive is a truly charming flower that produces big and beautiful blooms of lavender to pink. It has a very heady and rich fragrance and while it is a vigorous grower, the plants tends to remain fairly compact. This variety is also well suited for containers, which opens up your options considerably. You can expect this plant to grow approximately 4 to 5 feet tall.
In keeping with the wine theme the Merlot is a dreamy variety that no garden should ever be without. The amazing blooms this rose produces can grow as big as 5 inches wide and contain as many as 50 petals. This particular rose has a very light fragrance. The blooms will open up with a stunning rich red that on the backsides have a white frosting that is simply elegant. Another variety well suited to container growing. You can plant this rose on your porch or patio and watch it brighten up the space.
Types of Hybrid Tea Roses – Sangria & Rosé:
This lovely Sangria rose will sport blooms of apricot that slowly change to a deep pink, causing the plant to be covered in multicolored blooms in various stages. This variety will be a little more compact than other hybrid tea roses, only growing to about 3 feet or 4 feet tall. The sweet fragrance it gives off has a slight hint of cloves and it a splendid addition to any landscape, patio, or garden. This variety will be hardy in zones 5 through 9 and produce flowers up to 4.5 inches wide.
The Rosé is an interesting rose that has an absolutely intoxicating damask scent that hints at an infusion of pepper. The two tone blossoms are actually quite stunning with their bubblegum pink petals that are outlines in deep shades of rouge that give a striking appearance. One of the larger blossoming types of hybrid tea roses, the Rosé will provide you with plenty of blooms growing as big as 5 inches wide. The plant does very well in zones 5 through 9, and requires full sun locations to achieve its mature height of 4 to 5 feet tall.
Types of Hybrid Tea Roses – Raspberry Swirl & Chivalry:
I have to admit I’m a huge fan of the Raspberry Swirl hybrid tea rose because of its incredible cream colored stripes that form across the large lush raspberry colored blooms. No two petals on this rose seem to come out the same making this particular variety one that will be sure to hold your attention for a very long time. The leaves on this rose bush will emerge as a deep burgundy color and gradually over time start to fade to green. This is a great container rose with a maximum height of only about 3 to 4 feet tall.
The Chivalry hybrid tea is another truly stunning rose that is sure to get anyone’s attention who walks past it. The blooms form an average diameter of around 4 inches and they have gorgeous yellow centered petals that are edged in a great light reddish hue, almost giving the flowers an orangeish glow in the centers. These types of hybrid tea roses are hardier in zones 7 and warmer, and make a great rose bush for cut flowers. Its high resistance to diseases makes Chivalry a proven winner in just about any garden design.
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