Grow aloe from seed

Aloe Vera is a popular houseplant because it’s hardy, tolerant, and easy to care for, and its unique shape and texture make for attractive potted plants. Plus, it’s great to have on hand because you can use Aloe Vera gel for skin healing and moisturizing. If you just got a new, young Aloe Vera houseplant, you’ll naturally be wondering excitedly how long it will take to grow.

How fast does Aloe Vera grow? Aloe Vera plants grown indoors will take 3-4 years to grow from a pup to a full-grown plant with mature leaves of around 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) in length. To encourage fast growth, make preparations before planting, ensure you’re providing optimal care, and boost the growth rate with fertilizer.

Read on to learn more about the growth rate of Aloe Vera and find out what you can do ahead of planting to foster rapid growth as well as how to provide the best care for your Aloe Vera houseplant to encourage strong and healthy plant growth, along with some additional steps you can take to encourage speedier growth.

Contents

Aloe Vera Is A “Fast-Growing” Succulent

Aloe Vera is among the faster-growing types of succulent plants – but with succulents being a group of plants that grow quite slowly in comparison to other kinds of plants, that means Aloe Vera grows at a slower rate than all other plants besides slower-growing succulents like cacti.

Being a slow grower allows the Aloe Vera to use fewer resources. It’s one of the characteristics, along with water-storing tissues, root systems that grow out horizontally to search for water near the soil surface, and other features that these plants have adopted to help them survive the harsh arid climates where they grow.

Aloe Vera Growth Rate

The precise growth rate of an Aloe Vera plant depends on its environmental conditions as well as on the growth stage and health of the plant. But in general, you should expect to be able to observe some visible indications of growth in your plant over the course of one month or less, with the plant producing a new leaf from its central rosette once a month or so. Significant increases in size should take place in a period of about four months.

It will take several years for an indoor Aloe Vera to grow from a pup to a full-grown plant with leaves at its base that are around 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) in length. And given the right growing conditions and care, it may continue to grow very slowly after that until it reaches a maximum size of about 18 inches (46 cm) in height and width.

Factors That Influence Aloe Vera Growth Speed

There are a number of factors that can influence the speed at which a particular Aloe Vera plant grows.

Growing Conditions

Growing conditions are the biggest factors affecting a plant’s health and ability to produce new growth. By doing your best to provide the optimal growing conditions for your Aloe Vera houseplant, you will ensure that you’re meeting the specific needs of this type of plant so it will have the energy for vigorous growth.

Here is a brief summary of Aloe Vera’s preferred growing conditions:

  • Growing container: Clay pot with drainage holes that provides plenty of room for roots to spread out
  • Potting soil: Well-draining potting mixture that contains some course sand or perlite
  • Light: Direct sunlight or artificial grow lights
  • Temperature: 55-80 F (13-27 C)
  • Watering: Water thoroughly and allow the excess water to drain, then allow soil to dry out before watering again

Growing Aloe Vera Plants Inside Vs. Outside

Another major factor in the growth rate of Aloe Vera is whether the plant is indoors or outdoors. Aloe Vera plants located indoors grow more slowly than plants that are growing outside.

Growth Stage

Like other plants, Aloe Vera goes through an active growth stage each year during the spring and summer months then experiences a dormant or resting period in the winter, when it grows very little or not at all.

Plant Health

Healthy Aloe Vera plants grow more rapidly than plants that are struggling with issues that are weakening it such as pests, diseases, and adverse growing conditions.

Preparing A New Aloe Vera Plant For Rapid Growth

There are a few things you can do to prepare a new Aloe Vera houseplant to grow more rapidly from the outset:

Potting Soil

Aloe Vera needs a well-draining potting soil to ensure that its roots don’t suffer from too much moisture. You can use a commercial succulent or cactus potting mixture or you can make your own.

Be sure to include some coarse sand or perlite to reduce the risk of overwatering, which will cause root rot and disease that will slow or halt the plant’s growth.

Growing Container

Choosing the right kind of growing container is also a good way to help your Aloe Vera grow more quickly. A clay or terracotta pot will help the soil dry out thoroughly between waterings.

Always make sure the container has drainage holes. The size of the pot is important too: Place your Aloe Vera in a container that’s about three times the size of the plant’s root ball.

Bury Banana Peels

One great, very easy trick to give newly potted Aloe Vera plants an extra boost is to use banana peels. Simply burying whole or chopped peels in the potting mixture before you pot your Aloe Vera will slowly release potassium into the soil, which builds plant strength for resistance against pests and disease as well as sustaining efficient water and nutrient use.

Encourage Root Growth

Another trick that will help ensure faster growth is to dust the plant stem or any existing roots with a rooting hormone powder to encourage your Aloe Vera to put out new roots.

Another trick for encouraging root growth is to avoid watering newly potted plants (after thoroughly watering when potting) for 2-3 weeks, forcing the roots to spread out in search of water and become established more quickly.

Take Proper Care Of Your Aloe Vera Houseplant To Encourage Rapid Growth

Making sure your plant is healthy is the easiest way to help it grow faster. Although Aloe Vera houseplants are quite easy to take care of, don’t neglect to pay attention to the specific needs of this type of plant.

Here are the main Aloe Vera care issues to address to encourage the most rapid, healthy growth:

  • Repotting: Always make sure your Aloe Vera’s container is big enough to allow room for further growth. This way, you won’t have to repot as often, which stresses the plant and impedes growth. As mentioned before, choose a pot that’s about three times the size of the plant’s root ball. Also, it’s best to use a pot that’s wide rather than deeper to allow the roots to spread out.
  • Light: Aloe Vera needs lots of light, so place your plant within 3 feet of a sunny window where it will receive at least 6 hours of direct light per day. Or, provide about 16 hours of bright artificial lighting per day with full-spectrum grow lights. Just make sure the light is bright, but not too harsh, as too much light will blanch the leaves and stunt plant growth. Also, make sure the lighting doesn’t make the plant too hot. And rotate the plant once or twice a week so all parts of the plant are exposed to the light.
  • Temperature: Typical indoor temperatures of 55-80 F (13-27 C) are ideal for Aloe Vera plants, so all you have to do is make sure your plant isn’t in a location in your home that is hotter or colder than temperatures that are comfortable for you.
  • Watering: Proper watering is always essential for vigorous houseplant growth. Aloe Vera plants are easy to water because you simply water the potting soil thoroughly, allow the excess water to drain away, and then leave the plant be until the soil has completely dried out before watering again. With Aloe Vera, less watering is always better than watering too often, since these plants are built to withstand drought.

Fertilize Your Aloe Vera Houseplant To Enhance Growth

Although Aloe Vera plants are light feeders that don’t typically need fertilizer to sustain healthy growth, fertilizing will give the plant an extra boost of energy for faster growth. Choose a low-nitrogen liquid fertilizer that’s formulated specifically for succulents.

Fertilize twice a month during the plant’s active growing season, April-September, diluting the fertilizer by at least half. Do not fertilize during the wintertime, when the plant is resting.

To prevent chemical burns, it’s best to apply the fertilizer after you’ve irrigated and allowed the excess water to drain out of the soil.

And remember the banana peel trick? You can also soak chopped banana peels in water for two days and then pour the resulting tea into the potting soil to fortify the plant and enhance rapid growth.

See my article about fertilizing houseplants naturally for some more tips about using natural products to give your indoor plants a growth boost.

Don’t Allow Your Potted Aloe Vera To Become Overcrowded

Eventually, your Aloe Vera may produce offsets, or pups, which are baby plants that grow from the sides of the mother plant. These pups should be removed – you can repot them to start whole new plants.

Or perhaps you have an Aloe Vera plant that’s packed together tightly in an attractive succulent arrangement. The point here is that crowding causes competition for water and nutrients and can also encourage mold and insect infestations, all of which will slow the plant’s growth rate.

The common Aloe Vera plant (Aloe barbadensis miller) has been valued for its healing sap since ancient times.

There are over 300 different types of aloe in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Most of these plants hail from Africa, particularly South Africa and Madagascar.

In this article, we discuss these interesting plants and share information to help you provide your aloe with the best care. Read on to learn more.

Aloe vera looks quite a bit like the agave plant, but is not related to it. Even so, the agave is sometimes called “American Aloe”.

One way to tell the two plants apart is that their flowers are distinctly different in appearance.

Their leaves are also quite different. Aloe spears can be easily snapped off, and this makes it easy to access the gel as needed.

Agave leaves like the Agave parryi are very tough and fibrous and must be cut with a sharp tool.

Surprisingly enough, aloe is actually a member of the lily (Lilliaceae) family.

What Is Aloe Vera Gel?

These succulent plants contain a thick juice or gel that can be tapped and used in a wide variety of health, cosmetic and personal care applications.

Straight from the plant, the gel works well as a soothing salve for a burn, cuts, scrapes, bruises and minor burns.

To use the gel in this way, many people simply cut off an aloe spear and stroke the gel over the injury.

Alternately, you can split the spear and lay the open side against the wound to stay in place like a poultice.

There are many aloe health and beauty products on the market. You can add a bit of fresh aloe gel to your beauty and personal care products for its healing benefits to skin and hair.

If you do this, just add a little bit each time you use the product. If you add a lot of gel to a product in advance, it will not stay fresh.

Related: 12 Reasons Aloe Vera Is A Miracle Medicine Plant

Be sure to only use gel from Aloe barbadensis miller and not the other 250 or so species of the Aloe genus. There are other types of aloe, but they are better suited to landscaping use.

What Are The Most Popular Aloe Varieties?

The types of aloe you are most likely to encounter are:

Tree Aloe (Aloe arborescence) is a large variety typically grown outdoors as a landscape plant.

Also known as the “Torch Plant”, this variety produces large, reddish-orange flowers that are very attractive to hummingbirds, bees and other pollinators.

Partridge Breast Aloe (Aloe variegata) is a pretty South African dwarf aloe with green leaves and white spots.

This is a low-growing plant that makes a nice ground cover in temperate climates as it does not grow higher than about a foot tall. It can also be grown as a houseplant like the spider plant.

Brush Aloe (Aloe aristata) is a small plant with no stems. It grows in a compact rosette form no larger than six inches across.

This plant will send out side shoots topped with tiny tufts (brushes). The leaves of this artistic plant are speckled white. The flowers are orange/red.

Short Leafed Aloe (Aloe brevifolia) is quite small. It has very short triangular leaves, adorned with sharp little teeth.

Like the Brush Aloe, it grows in small tufts or clumps. The tight rosettes are no more than five inches across. The flowers of this aloe are pure red.

Coral Aloe (Aloe striata) has smooth, pretty, gray/green leaves. Its flowers are orange or coral pink.

How To Care For An Aloe Vera

What Are The Aloe Vera Light Requirements?

These sun-loving African natives like to be in a bright, sunny window. They enjoy being outdoors during warmer months.

Even though they do like full sun, keep an eye on yours.

If it shows signs of scorching, naturally you will want to move it to an area with plenty of bright light but without direct, scorching sun rays.

What Is the Aloe Vera Temperature Tolerance?

As a houseplant, aloe is comfortable with standard room temperature conditions. If you are comfortable, your plant will be comfortable.

Keeping your plant is a slightly cooler setting (60 degrees Fahrenheit) in winter is acceptable.

Outdoors Aloe plants grow in USDA hardiness zones 9 – 11.

Growing Aloe Vera – How Often To Water?

Aloe plant care and because it is a succulent, they do not need a lot of water. During the growing season, water well and then allow the soil to almost dry before watering again.

In winter, reduce watering, especially if you are keeping your aloe in a cool room.

What is The Best Soil For Aloe Plants?

Aloe needs a nourishing, well-draining soil. Mix a good quality potting soil 50/50 with an inorganic grit to ensure good nutrition and good drainage.

Most aloes multiply rapidly, so you will probably need to repot annually and relocate small plants to their own pots.

The Best Method Of Aloe Vera Propagation – Seeds or Cuttings

You can plant aloe seeds or grow the plant from cuttings or pups, but there is usually no shortage of baby aloe plants to choose from.

If you decide to try growing an aloe from a cutting, allow it to dry for a few days before planting it in some gritty peat.

Water sparingly until it sprouts roots and begins showing signs of growth, then care for it as you would a mature plant.

Aloe seed can be purchased online. Like this Aloe seed collection from Amazon.

Aloe Vera Fertilizer How Much?

With the right soil and regular repotting, your aloe should not need fertilizer.

How Do You Choose The Right Aloe Plant?

Because there are so many varieties, take a little care in selecting.

If you are looking for a small, windowsill plant, you may find yourself overwhelmed if you accidentally purchase a plant with the potential to grow sixty feet high.

Do a little research before purchasing or accepting a pup or cutting from a friend.

Many types of aloe are listed as threatened or endangered in their natural habitat.

Always source your succulents and cacti from reputable growers, as opposed to wild sources.

How Long Do Aloe Plants Live?

Because there are so many different types of aloe, longevity varies.

Smaller plants may have a shorter lifespan individually but reproduce so abundantly so you will always have an aloe to enjoy.

Larger, tree-sized varieties can live for decades. Generally speaking, with proper care, members of the aloe family can live 5-25 years.

Do Aloe Have Flowers?

These plants produce flowers on stems that emerge beside the leaf rosette. Flowers come in shades of yellow, orange and red and are bell-shaped.

On larger varieties, the flower stems may be several feet long. On smaller varieties, they are between four and eight inches long.

The flowers usually have a light, pleasant scent. Generally, flowers appear during the growing season, but in some indoor settings plants may flower in the wintertime as well.

Aloe Vera Plant Care Helpful Tips For Pests And Problems

As with all succulents and cactus, Aloe does not like overwatering. Excessive watering can lead to root rot.

Careless watering can lead to rotting of the plant, itself. Never water from overhead.

Always allow the plant to soak up water from the bottom or water very carefully over the surface of the soil. If water gets between the leaves, soak it up with paper toweling.

Aloe can be attacked by insect pest like most houseplants. Keep an eye out for mealybugs and scale insects hiding between the spears.

Wipe the plant down with a mild Neem oil and water solution from time-to-time to discourage pests and keep the leaves clean and shiny.

What Is The Best Way To Use Aloe Plants?

Smaller, thorn-free varieties are often kept on a kitchen windowsill to keep the gel handy for use on minor cuts and burns.

They are also very attractive additions to indoor cactus and succulent collections.

In the right climate, larger varieties can be grown outside year round.

Uses of landscape aloe as potted specimens are as abundant as the many varieties available. The pairing with a terra cotta pot makes for a perfect combination.

Depending upon the size potential, these plants can be used to delineate property lines, provide privacy screening, create groundcover, decorate your rock garden, attract birds and butterflies and more.

how long does is take to have a fully grown aloe vera plant and how many times should you water it ?

All You Need To Know For You To Be A successful Aloe Vera Plant Owner

The Aloe Vera is a really hardy plant that can withstand temperature swings and can go without water for many days. Aloe leaves contain a gel like substance able to store vast amounts of water and contains long chain sugars that help it effectively fight off invading bacteria and fungi if its tough outer skin somehow get punctured.

A green thumb is not necessarily needed to be a successful Aloe plant owner, but there are a few things that you need to know in order to keep your plant alive and thriving.

Aloe Vera’s biggest culprit is frost. Since the plant is 99 percent water, it does not take a lot of cold to kill the root system. The plant originates from Africa and does best in Semi- Tropical conditions in which it gets plenty of sunlight and moderate water. Unless you live in a place in which the mercury never dips below the 32-degree mark, it is best to keep your Aloe Plant inside for the duration of the winter season. A windowsill that is exposed to lots of sunshine is an ideal place for it.

While the plant is almost all water, you can still end up over watering it if you are not careful. Let the plant’s root system completely dry out between watering and be sure to water less during the winter when the plant moves into its dormant stage.

The Aloe Vera plant requires only a minimal amount of fertilizer. It is good to feed it with some diluted half-strength bloom fertilizer once a year around springtime.

When repotting an Aloe Vera it is better to go wider instead of deeper since the roots like to spread out instead of digging deep. Use either a cacti type potting mix or mix up your own soil using plenty of perlite and sand to make it nice and airy. Pebbles of various sizes should be placed on the bottom of the planter to help provide proper draining for the plant’s root system.

Aloe polyphylla – Care & Cultivation

Congratulations, you have just purchased a very special plant which is threatened with extinction because of habitat deterioration due to the effects of overgrazing by cattle, sheep and goats. You may now participate in the salvation of an endangered species and enjoy its unique beauty. A.p. is also no longer able to reproduce itself because the bird which pollinates it is also endangered, the Malachite Sunbird. Viable seeds have few opportunities to find hospitable niches on the basalt slope because the flow of water regulated by the grasses, Themeda triandra-Festuca caprina, has dried up. The thick sod formed by these grasses functions like a sponge to regulate the flow of water downslope to the seedlings below, resulting in very few successful germinating seeds.

Download our care & cultivation guide

Our new plant is grown from a seed produced by my pollination technique. This species is an obligate outcrosser. It does not self pollinate to produce viable seed. All natural progeny are hybrids. The species is dependent on hybrid vigor. Other growers are now producing clones by tissue culture methods.These plants will be slow to develop, and without hybrid vigor. Viewing a large block of 1gal plants is a good way to see the genetic variation which is preserved by hybridization, and which is the only acceptable way to save the gene pool of any endangered species. Cloning preserves only the genotype of the parent plant. A striking physical variance in the marginal dentation of the leaf in a block of seedlings illustrates this. The 1gal 35-40 leaf plants are about two years old and will grow to an adult plant 150-175 leaf and be 16″ high and 32-36″ diameter in about five years if all goes well.

There are five rows of leaf emanating from the center. A Left spiral is described by pointing your left thumb at the center and matching any one row(sequence) of leaf with the curl of your fingers. A Right spiral matches the curl of your right hand fingers in the same way. All plants I ship come labeled R & L with a diagram. As new leaf is produced the older leaves are shoved to the outside of the row sequentially, with the oldest leaf being appressed to the soil surface and shaded. These leaves are retired by the plant;the “goo” is conserved and used for other leaf and root tissue. Never attempt to remove any leaf just because it has some tip necrosis or looks bad. Remove only empty paper thin leaf from the underside. A.p. is bio-conservative and dynamic. The lifetime of a leaf on a mature plant is about two years. As new leaf appears in the center the plant twists clockwise or counter-clockwise to accommodate the spatial demands of the vertically oriented leaf. As the new leaf emerges a keel on the outside edge unequally divides it into a wide and a narrow section. The physical forces acting here produce a lateralization of the leaf, thus the spiral begins here. Right hand plants always have the narrow side on the right, and left hand plants al- ways have the narrow side on the left. If you have trouble seeing the spiral orientation in your juvenile plant it is because of the lower number of leaf, be patient. Almost every customer I’ve dealt with can see it at the 50 leaf stage. Many people have trouble recognizing the spiral pattern. Yes the plant is conducting the business of constructing the leaf sequence which will become manifest. The question is always, “Can your brain recognize the pattern your eye sees?” Almost all customers can recognize the 5 row spiral sequence of a 50 leaf plant. If you have trouble with this the number of leaf and the orientation of the leaf are variables in a young young plant (30-40 leaf) which are not present in an adult (150-175 leaf) plant.The spiral orientation is not genetically determined. Any individual may spontaneously change from R to L or L to R. These plants are very confusing to study. I have almost equal numbers of R and L plants in my inventory. My field studies of wild populations reveal the same.

Spiral phyllotaxy is a solution other plant species use to maximize photosynthetic capability(via leaf exposure) given their ability to mechanically support themselves. Acaulescence (without a stem) is a growth habit which imposes real challenges to plants in other Families,such as the Crassulaceae and Cactaceae. The biophysical solution is described by the Fibonacci equations. The maximum size of any acaulescent Aloe is related to the internal support the individual leaf get from the vascular strands and other fibers. A.p. leaf have virtually no internal support from fibers, only from vascular strands found just below the leaf surface. The rest of the leaf mass is “goo”. Pressure from the roots inflates each leaf to a turgid state and this gives A.p. its form and drives new growth. A.p. biomass is about 98% water. Storage of starch (the fuel) is diffuse in A.p. leaf. In other woody plants starch is stored in parenchyma tissue. The translocation distance from leaf to root through the crown is short. A.p. can rapidly move “goo” to the roots and water from the roots to the leaf. The crown zone is a tightly packed mass of vascular stands, where leaf vessels connect with root tissue vessels. A.p. is a dynamic plant which reinvents itself continuously by retiring old leaf and roots, and using its “goo” to produce new tissue, almost in the same space. You cannot induce new leaf to form by adding fertilizer to an adult plant without witnessing the senescence of the oldest leaf.

One consequence of diffuse starch storage within the leaf is on flower production. To produce an inflorescence the size of deer antlers requires a lot of energy. A minimum leaf count required for flowering is about 90 leaf. This physiological feat requires the expenditure of several leaf. Plants may not repeat flower the next year and they rarely flower at all and then do not accept their own pollen.

I believe A.p. is very young species, only appearing in the Drakensberg and Malutis mountains of Lesotho in the last 25,000 years since the end of the Pleistocene glaciation. Populations are only found in a narrow altitude range 7500ft to 8500ft in the Malutis Mtns and the Drakensberg at 29-30 degrees South latitude on North facing slopes only which face the equator. Cold and dry Winters with nightly lows of 10-15 F alternate with daily highs 30-40 F. Light snow may come from cyclonic storms from the South. Plants flower in the Spring and the Malachite Sunbird returns to sip nectar and pollinate while the summer weather is mild with 30-40″ rainfall from thunderstorms. When you take a plant species out of the environment it evolved in it may encounter conditions it never experienced before. Weather extremes may be a natural selection factor which at a minimum might restrict the plants performance and development. The temperate climate described will not have fungal pathogens found in more Tropical climes. The following recommendations for plant management are very broad. Specific site microclimates will always rule over regional advice. For USDA zones 1-9a juvenile plants should be brought inside and protected from hard freezes, the use of a Grolight on a timer to give 8hr/day extra light is essential to preserve good form. Without extra light the leaf width narrows and the leaf length increases.

The spiral form is dependent on shorter wavelengths of light, UVA and UVB which are plentiful at higher elevations. I suggest a small fan and never let your plant go dry. Cooler temperature are better, 40-60 F is OK. The adult plants are more tolerant of extreme temperatures than the juvenile plants. To cultivate A.p. in low desert areas with 100+ F summer temperatures do not use black plastic containers, ceramic is best to insulate the roots against high temperatures. Morning sun is OK but shade in the afternoon is necessary. I sometimes stretch 70% shade cloth over the plants. Use high quality water only, not salty or alkaline. Acidic soil mixes are beneficial. During high summer temperatures A.p. will not grow, withhold fertilizer until the Fall.

Understanding root physiology is important to successfully grow A.p. The bright yellow roots with white hairs have high oxygen demand. At high soil temperatures (90+F) the rate of respiration races beyond the soils ability to breath and deliver oxygen, so root tissue begins to die by suffocation. You can kill root tissue in two minutes by dropping it into 90F water. A physiology like this places A.p. just to the right of Cymbidium orchids on a scale which arranges plant root oxygen demand; with orchids on the left (highest O2 demand) and plants such as Bald Cypress (Taxodium) on the right. Proper combination of temperature, water availability and soil particle size enable the roots to function like a pump, to inflate the leaf fully. The first check on plant health is the turgidity of the leaf. A good soil mix for container A.p. will start with any good potting soil free of pest and diseases to which orchid bark chips are added to about 50% volume. These will be digested by actinomycete fungi in 3 years though. A longer lasting additive for permanent container plants will be pumice or red lava 5/16″ or 3/8″ grade. I use #3 or#4 perlite in the soil mix to about 30% volume. I use vermiculite also. Landscape A.p. will develop best on top of a sandy loam soil with free root run (i.e., no competition). The roots are very aggressive and will explore the soil volume wherever physical conditions permit. When in doubt select a larger container than you might suspect. An adult plant can be raised in a half-whiskey barrel. Confined roots which circle and girdle other woody plants are not a problem for A.p.

In the genus Aloe leaf propagation is not possible. You must have a stem section, seed, utilize tissue culture methods, or have offsets. Occasionally a plant splits growth centers. Wait for about two years before attempting to separate the plants. Let this happen naturally. Once separated you may clean the undercrown with a water jet, and use some root hormone to help new roots form. Place the plants in some shade and use compost for media. If the leaf collapse and the rosette close pull your plant up and jet wash the undercrown of all dead root tissue. To grow new roots place the plant on moist mini orchid bark or coif fiber in a shaded place. I about 4 weeks a new set of roots will enable you to replant it.

Aloes are attractive to Homopteran insects such as aphids, and mealy bugs, which may be farmed by ants. Aphids are able to tap a vein on the abaxial side of the leaf. Thrips, nematodes and some small beetles may chew roots and undercrown tissue. A preventive program of insecticide application will be a life insurance policy for A.p. The only soil borne pathogen which can kill A.p. is Fusarium oxysporum, primitive fungus which has a large host plant list and causes horticultural and agricultural businesses big headaches. If cloudy and cool weather stay for a week foliar infections are possible, with purple lesions anywhere on leaf resulting. This will not kill your plant, only mar its appearance, and not forever. When enough sun shines the UVA and UVB will kill the mycelium. If Fusarium infection occurs on the roots it will create a localized purple lesion which will not travel up through the vascular bundles. This infection will interfere with the root physiology at this locale only and does not kill the plant. If insects create a court of infection at the undercrown then Fusarium may kill the plant rapidly. Some fungicides which will stop or suppress Fusarium are Captan, Benlate, Cleary’s 3336. The best strategy to manage the threat is to use “clean” soil, which is step 1. The next step is to inoculate the soil/plant with another microbe which will protect the plant from any infection. I now use Actinovate SP and Iron on all container soil. This contains the bacterium Streptomyces lydicum, which becomes an ectophyte on the surface of roots, aiding uptake of nutrients and disabling more pathogens than just Fusarium. All plants I ship are dipped in a solution of of Actinovate SP and have 1 tbspn of Actinovate Iron inoculate added to the sample soil below the plant. This should have a lasting value for plants shipped to new owners.

Here are some photos with captions showing essential parts of this discussion:

Greenhouse seedling at 5 leaf stage showing equitant leaf arrangement before first twist begins. Early plant development is an initial single leaf (monocot) indistinguishable from real leaf which come next. Subsequent leaf #2-7 are arranged in an equitant fashion. The next leaf #8 bears the keel on the abaxial (outside) edge and the first lateralization forces begin to twist the seedling into developing radial symmetry.

11 leaf stage seedling showing growing radial symmetry.

This plant is suffering an undercrown infection by Fusarium and will certainly perish in only a few days.

This plant has suffered the death of root tissue by suffocation, so the leaf has collapsed and is nearly devoid of”goo”. This plant can be saved by pulling it out, cleaning all dead roots and replanting on moist coir fiber inside a greenhouse in shaded lighting. In about two weeks new root tissue will be witnessed.

If you have need for further consultation, send me a picture email and I can advise. My best advice is to tune into your plant and learn what it is telling you about current conditions of soil moisture and root aeration, light quality and quantity. Remember that the plant I ship to you is a starter plant which will re-morph into a form different from what you first see. A.p., like all plants, is very plastic and is in constant slow motion. We only notice this in cacti & succulent plants with a recognizable geometry, but the principle applies to all plants as well.

If you need more explicit information please contact me to describe the problem. Send a picture to id the problem.

Alan C. Beverly

Aloe Polyphylla (Spiral Aloe) Seeds

Description

Aloe polyphylla is a coveted ornamental succulent from the Drakensberg Mountains of Southern Africa. Polyphylla is a relative of the common aloe vera. But whereas Aloe Vera is valued for its medicinal properties, aloe polyphylla is coveted among succulent collectors for its striking spiraled leaf rosettes and vibrant red to pink flowers. The stemless spirals of toothy leaves can twist in either direction, and plants typically grow together in tight clusters. Finding seeds or live specimens of this gem can prove challenging because it is an endangered plant, and collection from the wild is prohibited. Cultivation, and especially seed production can be tricky, and so seed stocks from nurseries tend to be rather limited. When they can be found, collectors gobble them up. We are happy to have finally gotten a supply of these seeds for those who wish to try their (green-thumbed) hands at growing this awesome species.

Aloe is a genus of over four hundred species. Among the most popular succulents, aloe grows in rosettes that resemble agave. The genus is native to Africa and its surrounding areas and has been historically used as a medicinal plant dating back to the Ancient Egyptians. They are ideal for rock gardens or as potted houseplants.

Growing Information: A course, sandy soil mixture is best. Place your seeds on the surface and cover lightly with a thin layer of sand. Silica is ideal. Keep the soil moist, but not overly wet. Optimal germination is between 68-78 degrees Fahrenheit. Germination can take several months, so be patient. Adding perlite or rocks to your soil is a good way to increase drainage so that rot does not occur. A layer at the bottom of your container works well. Fluorescent lights work well as a light source for starting seeds. Once established, aloe enjoys full sun if it can be given. A sunny window will usually suffice. It is extremely frost hardy and can only be left outdoors in Zones 10-11. Fertilize once a year with a cactus fertilizer or half strength plant fertilizer.

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Aloe Seeds

Aloe Seeds
Seeds that can be planted
Type Ingredient
Grade Mid
Ingredient Yes
Max Stack 1000
Weight 0.01
ID 11113

Description

Though not as exciting as the life of the adventurer, the life of the farmer is still considered a vital and noble pursuit. Without food, after all, how can any hope to survive the rigors of the wilderness?

Notes

Aloe Seeds are collected when gathering Aloe Plants with a Sickle. However unlike most other plants in the beginning and middle zone areas, ONLY fully grown or close to fully grown Aloe bushes have a chance to drop seeds. <ones with the red/green aloe flower growing out of the top.> Sickle is the best likelyhood to get seeds.

Uses

Used in the following Recipes

Artisan’s Worktable
Ingredients Outcome Craft time Experience
gained
13 Stone
1 Aloe Seeds
1 Decorative Planter (Aloe) 5 s 32
Fluid Press
Ingredients Outcome Craft time Experience
gained
15 Aloe Seeds 1 Oil 20 s 90
Grinder
Ingredients Outcome Craft time Experience
gained
10 Aloe Seeds 1 Spice 5 s 1
Planter
Ingredients Outcome Craft time Experience
gained
1 Aloe Seeds
1 Compost
5 Aloe Leaves 9 min 1

How to Get Silk&comma; Crystal&comma; Demon Blood&comma; Yellow Lotus&comma; and Aloe in Conan Exiles

The world of Conan Exiles is full of surprises and unknown items. You may not even be aware of the value of some of the resources that you can find in the deserts and the caves of the exiled lands.

This guide will help you locate especially useful materials in the game, and give you recipes on how to craft some of the most essential items.

How to Get Silk in Conan Exiles

Silk is an incredibly light and strong material that is often used for advanced crafting in Conan Exiles. However, getting silk may turn out to be a bit troublesome, since the only source of silk is gossamer that drops from spiders.

Spiders can be found in the central part of the map inside the spider caves (see the screenshot above), and they are really hard to kill due to their ability to inflict a crippling poison on your character. It will not only deal constant damage to you, but also impair your movements.

Use sword made of iron or steel to quickly kill the spiders, and keep hitting their dead bodies until they drop the gossamer. You need 2 pieces of gossamer to be able to craft 1 piece of silk.

How to Get Crystals in Conan Exiles

Crystal is a multi-purpose material that can be used for crafting practical materials like glass or turned into an explosive substance called dragon powder that can be used to demolish entire buildings. But first you need to find some of those crystals.

The main source of crystals in Conan Exiles is the Rocknose creature that looks like a rhino made of stone. Find this beast and kill it with the weapon of your choice, and it will drop crystals for you. Another way to find crystals is to scourge caves — sometimes they appear naturally there.

Use 2 crystals in your furnace to craft glass. If you want to craft dragon powder, then you’ll need:

  • 100 steelfire
  • 50 crystals
  • 10 brimstones
  • 2 Demon Blood

How to Get Demon Blood in Conan Exiles

Of all the above mentioned materials required for crafting dragon powder, Demon Blood is probably the hardest one to get. There are two sources where you can find this elusive material, and both are extremely dangerous — Dragons and Rocknose King.

Currently, there are three known types of dragons in Conan Exiles: red, green, and undead. In order to get the Demon Blood you need to either kill a red or a green dragon. One of these types of dragons can be spotted in the central part of the map — in the Unnamed City. The best way to kill a dragon is to do it with a group of other players.

Rocknose King is even harder to deal with than the dragon itself — it’ll take you twice as many hits to kill the giant stone beast, so get ready for a long battle.

How to Get Yellow Lotus Potion in Conan Exiles

In Conan Exiles you learn new recipes by spending knowledge points. However, there may come a moment in the game, when you decide to re-spec your character’s recipes. How do you do this? You need to consume the Yellow Lotus Potion — it completely wipes all of your learned recipes, and refunds all of your knowledge points, so you can learn new ones.

This potion can be easily crafted in the cauldron with the help of 1 Yellow Lotus Blossom — a yellow flower that can be found growing in the green parts of the map.

But beware, it may wipe your religion points as well — it’s a known bug. On the other hand, you can always find the priests on the map and reclaim your god worshipping points for free.

How to Get Aloe Extract in Conan Exiles

There are several ways how to regenerate life in Conan Exiles. You can tame entertainer thralls that can heal you and remove corruption, the worshippers of Mitra can get Ambrosia — a substance that heals wounds, and the worshippers of Yog can use purified flesh for the same purposes.

However, one of the best and most effective ways to heal yourself is to consume an aloe extract. It can be easily crafted in the cauldron using 2 aloe leaves. You will find such aloe plants near the sources of water.

Crafting most of these items becomes possible after you reach level 15, so when you get there, be sure to stack up those materials and craft what you consider essential for your character.

Come back soon for more Conan Exiles guides at GameSkinny!

Saving vegetable seeds

Preventing disease

The tomato disease bacterial canker has been found in local community gardens and small vegetable farms in Minnesota. There are other diseases commonly found in home gardens that are more easily managed.

Bacterial canker is difficult to control once established in the garden so it is important to prevent it.

  • Bacterial canker can be brought into the garden on infected tomato seed or transplants.
  • The bacteria can be attached to the outside of the seed coat or carried within the seed.
  • Infected transplants and seeds rarely show obvious symptoms of infection.

There are several steps you can take to improve the chances of starting with healthy seeds or transplants.

  • Purchase seeds from a reputable supplier. Most seed companies will not guarantee disease free seed but a good seed company will take steps to reduce the chances of seed borne pathogens.
  • If you are saving seed or swapping seed with neighbors, save seeds only from healthy plants.
    • In Minnesota it is difficult to grow a completely disease free tomato in the garden. There are many fungal and bacterial pathogens that infect garden tomatoes.
  • Choose healthy fruit from healthy plants whenever possible.

If you suspect seed may be contaminated, there are two seed treatment options that can help to clean seed. Both treatments can reduce germination of seed that is old or of poor quality, but have minimal effect on fresh, good quality seed.

Bleach treatment

  • Make a solution with one part bleach (5.25% hypochlorite) and four parts water.
  • Add a few drops of dish soap.
  • Add seed to the solution and allow it to sit for one minute, stirring occasionally.
  • Seed should be able to float freely so that all surfaces come in contact with the solution.
  • Pour the solution through a thin mesh sieve or a cheese cloth.
  • Rinse the seed in cool running tap water for 5 minutes.
  • At this point seed can be directly planted or dried completely on a screen, then stored. Direct planting is preferable.

Bleach seed treatment can be used on any kind of seed including tomato. It will remove pathogens from the surface of the seed coat but not from within the seed. This means for bacterial canker, bleach treatment only partially reduces the risk of infection from contaminated seed.

Hot water treatment

  • Soak tomato seeds in water heated to 100 F for 10 minutes.
  • Move seed into water heated to 122 F and soak the seeds for 25 minutes.
  • Pour the seed through thin meshed sieve or a cheese cloth.
  • Rinse the seed in cool running tap water for 5 minutes.
  • It is critical that to precisely meet the exact time and temperature requirements. This can be done with a laboratory quality hot water bath. A sous vide, is a cooking device designed specifically to maintain exact temperatures in water and can be used instead of a water bath.
  • Finally seed can be directly planted or dried completely on a screen, then stored. Direct planting after treatment is preferable.

Hot water seed treatment is effective in eliminating the majority of bacterial plant pathogens from both the surface of the seed coat and from within the tomato seed.

The time and temperature requirements for hot water treatment varies by plant and some seeds like peas, beans and squash may be seriously injured by hot water treatment. The description above covers only tomato seeds.

Tomato transplants should be purchased from a reputable local grower. Inspect plants carefully and reject any transplants with discoloration of leaves or stems, or any signs of wilting. Avoid any transplants that have been pruned or cut back, as bacterial pathogens can easily spread on tools.

Avoid all types of garden diseases by following the tips in Growing healthy vegetables.

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