- Planting Pineapple Tops – How To Grow A Pineapple Top
- How to Grow Pineapples from Tops
- Planting Pineapple Tops
- Growing Pineapple Plants
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- Step 1: Buy a Pineapple
- Step 2: Cut the Pineapple Top Off
- Step 3: Cut Your Pineapple Up
- Step 4: Prepare the Pineapple Top
- Step 5: Dry Your Pineapple Top
- Step 6: Root Your Pineapple in Water
- Step 7: Plant Your Pineapple in Soil
- Step 8: Growing Your Pineapple Plant
- Step 9: Force Your Pineapple to Bloom (optional!)
- How To Plant Pineapples Seeds
- Do Pineapples Have Seeds?
- Pineapple Seeds
- How Do You Plant Pineapple Seeds?
- Growing Pineapples (Ananas comosus)
- All About Growing Pineapples
- Growing Pineapples Is Easy
- A Few Things You Should Know About Pineapple Plants
- Planting Pineapples
- How Much Space Do Pineapples Need?
- How Much Water Do Pineapples Need?
- How Much And Which Plant Food?
- When Do Pineapples Fruit?
Planting Pineapple Tops – How To Grow A Pineapple Top
Did you know that the leafy top of store-bought pineapples can be rooted and grown as an interesting houseplant? Simply choose a fresh pineapple from your local grocery or produce store, cut the top off and sprout your plant. Try picking one having the most attractive foliage, or variegated, for a unique pineapple rooting top that you can enjoy year round.
How to Grow Pineapples from Tops
Rooting and growing pineapple tops is easy. Once you bring your pineapple home, cut off the leafy top about half an inch below the leaves. Then remove some of the lowest leaves. Trim off the outer portion of the pineapple top at the bottom of the crown, or stem, until you see root buds. These should resemble small, brown-colored bumps around the stem’s perimeter.
Allow the pineapple top to dry for several days to one week prior to planting. This helps the top to heal, discouraging problems with rotting.
Planting Pineapple Tops
Although it’s possible to sprout a pineapple in water, most people have better luck rooting them in soil. Use a light soil mix with perlite and sand. Place the pineapple top in the soil up to the base of its leaves. Water thoroughly and place it in bright, indirect light.
Keep it moist until roots develop. It should take about two months (6-8 weeks) for roots to establish. You can check for rooting by gently pulling the top to see the roots. Once significant root growth has occurred, you can start giving the plant additional light.
Growing Pineapple Plants
When growing pineapple tops, you’ll need to provide at least six hours of bright light. Water your plant as needed, allowing it to dry out some between watering. You can also fertilize the pineapple plant with a soluble houseplant fertilizer once or twice a month during spring and summer.
If desired, move the pineapple plant outdoors in a semi-shaded location throughout late spring and summer. However, be sure to move it back inside before the first frost in fall for overwintering.
Since pineapples are slow-growing plants, do not expect to see blooms for at least two to three years, if at all. It is possible, however, to encourage the flowering of mature pineapple plants.
Laying the plant on its side between watering is thought to help promote the flower-inducing production of ethylene. You can also place the pineapple in a plastic bag with an apple for several days. Apples are well known for giving off ethylene gas. With any luck, flowering should take place within two to three months.
Learning how to grow a pineapple top is an easy way to enjoy the interesting, tropical-like foliage of these plants in the home year round.
10 step on how to grow your very own pineapples from any store bought pineapple.
Start by removing the outer skin of your store bought pineapple. The seeds are close to the skin so avoid cutting to deep.
The seeds are easy to miss since they are very tiny, about 1mm. So look very carefully. Check the removed skin and the exposed fruit flesh for any seeds.
If you still have no found any seeds then try cutting 1 cm deeper and keep checking for seeds.
Congratulations on finding some seeds. Now put the seeds together with some fruitflesh and pineapple juice in a container. Let the container sitt in a warm and sunny place to ferment for about 1-2 weeks.
Remove your seeds from the container with the fermented fruitflesh and place them on a clean paper towel.
Now add some water to the paper towel and place it inside a new container with a lid. Again place the box inside a sunny and warm place. Check for signs of germination at least once a week.
With some luck your seeds should have germinated successfully. once they have grown to about 1 cm tall, you should carefully lift up the paper which the seeds are resting on. Place some dirt underneath the paper and the sprinkle some dirt on top and around your pineapple plant. Place the plant in a sunny window.
A few weeks later when your plant has grown a little bigger. It is finally time to move the plant over to a bigger pot. Try to move the plant without damaging the roots if possible. You can try using a spoon to dig around it.
Things you need.
https://growplantsfromseed.com/Pot (Plant Pot)
https://growplantsfromseed.com/Pottingmix (Potting mix)
Check out how to grow:
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Another tree to try to grow on your own is a Pineapple tree, but if you undertake this one you will have to have patience as it will take a couple of years to grow.
- Take a ripe pineapple that you purchased from the grocery store and with a sharp knife cut the top of the pineapple about 1 inch to 1 ½ inches from the spot where the leaves meet the exterior skin of the fruit.
- Take the part of the fruit that you have cut off (the part with the leaves on top) and scrape out as much of the fruit from inside of the crown as possible. Be careful not to damage the part of the crown that is immediately below the leaves.
- Lay the crown in a spot away from direct sunlight and allow it to dry for several days.
- Take the crown and cut away the remaining skin (the part that looks like tree bark) leaving the section immediately below the leaves intact. What you have left will be the leaves with a small amount of the crown below it.
- Take the remaining piece with the leaves and plant it in a pot (10” to 12” in diameter) with potting soil for houseplants. Plant it so the leaves are just above the soil line.
- Rather than water the soil directly you can generously spray the leaves as this is the best place for the pineapple to absorb moisture. Water the pineapple in this manner several times a week (every other day at least) for about a month.
- The plant should root and start to grow. New leaves will be the indicator that the plant has rooted.
Other Growing Tips
- Pineapples grow pretty large so a bigger pot will be needed in the future.
- Pineapples actually like to be kept dry so only water when the soil is dry several inches below the soil line.
- Pineapples don’t need a lot of fertilizer. One application a year during the summer months is sufficient.
- Pineapples can be kept outdoors during the warmer months but should be brought indoors before temperatures drop below 40 degrees.
- While they are a tropical plant pineapples require only a few hours of direct sunlight a day. If you put them outdoors for the summer they will prefer some protection from hot afternoon sun.
- It is possible for the plant to flower and bear fruit but it will take several years to do so.
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Growing a pineapple plant is so easy to do simply from a grocery store pineapple! Whether you want to root a pineapple in water or in soil, there are a few steps that you need to take in order to be successful.
Follow these simple steps, and you too can grow and fruit your own pineapple at home! There are so many cool kitchen gardening projects that you can do!
Many years ago, I grew a pineapple at home from a grocery store fruit that I bought, and I was able to get it to fruit in due time. I am at it again and am growing another one!
I will also teach you a trick in order to get your pineapple plant to bloom and produce your own homegrown fruit! Let’s get started!
Step 1: Buy a Pineapple
First, you’ll need to purchase a nice pineapple from the grocery store. Pick one that preferably has a light sweet smell to it.
Most importantly, choose a pineapple whose leaves look nice and fresh and green. If half the leaves are brown and dry, don’t purchase it.
Step 2: Cut the Pineapple Top Off
Next I’d like you to cut the top of the pineapple top off. Take about an inch off of the actual fruit. You’ll need this because I have a tip on how you can EASILY peel and cut your fruit!
Step 3: Cut Your Pineapple Up
You’re not just going to cut the top off to grow a plant right? You’re also going to enjoy eating your pineapple I hope!
I discovered an amazing and inexpensive pineapple slicer. It peels, cores, and slices a whole pineapple in a matter of seconds!
I was skeptical at first, but I was absolutely sold after the first time I used it! It literally is as simple as it looks in the photo above. It is the Super Z Outlet Pineapple Slicer and it is easy to use and a cinch to clean.
Simply cut the top of the pineapple off, snap the handle to the corer, and keep twisting the blade into the pineapple until you reach the bottom. Then jiggle it around a little and pull up.
You will end up with a perfectly spiraled pineapple and no more time-consuming, messy, manual peeling. I will NEVER go back to using just a knife anymore. In fact, this makes it so easy that I now enjoy pineapple much more frequently than I used to!
It only has two parts, is made of easy to clean stainless steel, and I simply store it in its box. It is WELL worth the very inexpensive investment. You can even get creative and make a fruit bowl out of the emptied pineapple shell!
Ok, now back to growing pineapples. I wanted to share this gadget because it is one the most useful kitchen gadgets ever invented.
Step 4: Prepare the Pineapple Top
Next, I grabbed the pineapple top by the base of the leaves in one hand, and with the other hand I grabbed the part of the fruit that I cut off. Then I twisted the top off.
You can now manually take a knife and peel and eat the fruit that is left. The reason we needed to do this was in order to use the pineapple slicer.
We’re not done yet. Now, you’re going to take the leafy top and make one thin slice at a time until you reveal the little knobs that you see in the photo below. These are where the roots will grow.
At this point, remove a few of the base leaves. This will make it easier to plant, and also so you won’t have any leaves under the soil line once you plant it in soil.
Step 5: Dry Your Pineapple Top
This step is very important so make sure you don’t skip this step! I’ve heard many people complaining that their pineapple top rotted and never grew.
Simply let your pineapple top dry somewhere for a week. I placed mine at the top of a plant stand in my sunroom. It was out of the way of any direct sun while it dried.
Take a look at how nicely the base dried. This will help it not rot!
Step 6: Root Your Pineapple in Water
When I grew my first pineapple years ago, I actually just placed it in a pot of soil after I dried the top.
If you would rather propagate it in soil, simply dip the base of your dried pineapple in water, and then dip into a rooting hormone to increase your chances, and then plant in soil. More on this topic later.
There is usually no right or wrong when it comes to water propagation vs. soil propagation. I believe that whatever works is the right way!
I tend to prefer water propagation in most cases because it allows me to see the roots and I know I have been successful.
Let’s continue with water propagation.
I simply took a hyacinth vase to place the pineapple top in. I originally purchased the hyacinth vase to force hyacinths into bloom, but it is perfect for propagation!
No extra support is needed and the pineapple top can rest nicely in the vase. If you don’t want to use a hyacinth vase, just make sure that the base of the pineapple top isn’t touching the bottom of whatever propagation vessel you are using.
I just love the hyacinth vase because it makes it very easy, and I use them a lot to propagate many plants. If you don’t have a hyacinth vase, they are wonderful for propagating pineapples, avocados, and even cuttings of Pothos or whatever else you are propagating.
As far as the water level in the vase goes, I barely covered the base of the pineapple top as you can see from the photo. Just keep an eye on it so that the very bottom of the pineapple top is underwater. Place it in an area that has bright indirect light, but hold off on too much direct sun for now.
Be sure to change the water in your vase every few days so the water stays fresh and doesn’t go funky on you. If you don’t do this, it may increase the chances of rotting. I would say minimum once a week, if not twice a week.
In less than one month, my pineapple has already made roots. I noticed the roots about a month after placing the pineapple top in water, and some of them were already quite long.
Which obviously means that the roots had already appeared a few days earlier. I’ll estimate that it took about 3 weeks to start rooting. Not bad!
Take a look at the photo below:
Pineapple Top Roots
I will plant the pineapple in soil very soon. What I noticed was that the outside of the base of the pineapple was a little mushy, so I gently removed the soft parts with my finger by gently brushing downward.
I haven’t planted my pineapple yet, but I will update this blog post as my pineapple top makes progress and I will show the evolution of the plant!
In the meantime, let’s discuss the next steps.
Step 7: Plant Your Pineapple in Soil
Once your pineapple has the beginnings of roots growing, you should plant it right into soil. Don’t wait too long. I’m going to wait until the roots are maybe 1/2 inch to an inch long, and will pot them right up into soil.
Did you know pineapples are bromeliads? Pineapples are in the Bromeliaceae family, as are air plants and urn plants. Many bromeliads are epiphytes, which means that they grow on trees or tree branches, but pineapples are terrestrial and actually grow in soil. Tillandsia, or air plants, are examples of plants in the Bromeliaceae family that are epiphytes.
One thing that all bromeliads have in common though is that all of them have what are called trichomes.
Trichomes are small scales on the leaves. They serve as a way for bromeliads to absorb water, and also help to reduce water loss when needed.
Bromeliads don’t have large root systems, so do not plant them in large pots. Especially when you are first planting them into soil.
Any good houseplant soil will be just fine, so use whatever mix you have on hand. They aren’t too fussy as long as you have a well drained soil.
I would recommend adding some perlite to your potting mix. This will make your soil drain deliciously well.
Step 8: Growing Your Pineapple Plant
Once your plant is showing signs of good growth, be sure to give it as much sun as you can give it indoors. Pineapples are sun-loving plants. Unless you live in the tropics, I would recommend that you give your plant as much sun as you can indoors.
When I grew a pineapple plant years ago, I took it outside for the summer, and then brought it back indoors.
Be sure to harden your plant off if you decide to summer them outdoors, which I highly recommend. This is extremely important so that your leaves don’t burn!
I would recommend using an organic fertilizer and skip the chemical fertilizers. Especially since your plant will be fruiting, so I like to use organic products when I grow anything edible.
My favorite organic fertilizer that I use on many of my plants is Neptune’s Harvest Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer.
This is a fantastic fertilizer that I love using for veggies and anything edible that I’m growing, and I also use these as a part of my fertilizer regime with my ornamental and potted plants.
Be sure to also wet the leaves with the fish emulsion and seaweed fertilizer too. Bromeliads also love this type of foliar fertilization!
As far as watering, my “standard” rule of thumb applies. Wait until the top inch or so of the soil is dry, and then water your plant thoroughly. Simple.
Beware as you grow your pineapple plant though because the leaves can be quite sharp and jagged! The plants can also get quite large!
As far as fruiting goes, it can take 2-3 years or more, depending on your conditions. The more sun that they get, the better.
If you get sick of waiting for your pineapple to bloom…I have a trick.
Step 9: Force Your Pineapple to Bloom (optional!)
If you are sick of waiting for your plant to bloom and your plant has gotten quite large, there is a trick that you can use that will help any bromeliad to be forced into bloom.
The bigger the let your plant get though, the better. It will also help result in a larger fruit.
Find a clear, plastic bag that your plant will fit in. Place two apples in the bag along with the plant, and tie everything up to make it airtight. Leave everything out of direct sun while you are doing this.
Leave the apples and the plant in the bag for a few days, but no longer than about a week or so. What happens is that the apples will give off ethylene gas as they ripen and this forces your bromeliad into blooming!
After a few days, take the plant back out and place it back in front of its sunny window.
In the next several weeks or so, your plant should be growing a flower stalk, on top of which will eventually hold a baby pineapple plant.
If you are fascinated with bromeliads like I am, a good resource to look into are the various plant societies. They are a great way to get good care information and to meet other plant crazies.
Check out the Bromeliad Society International if you want to further your knowledge of this amazing family of plants.
If you liked this post and enjoy kitchen gardening, check out my blog post on how you can grow and harvest ginger in your own home!
Have you ever grown a pineapple? I’d love to hear your story! Comment below!
How To Plant Pineapples Seeds
Most people don’t notice pineapple seeds when they cut into these delicious tropical fruits, but the seeds are there and can be used to grow new pineapple plants if you have the time and patience.
Do Pineapples Have Seeds?
Unlike the seeds of many other popular fruits, such as apples, oranges, pears, and pomegranates, pineapple seeds aren’t as noticeable. They lie just below the surface of the skin and are found in those small “eyelets” in the sides of your pineapple. When slicing or preparing a pineapple, most of the seeds are simply cut away and discarded, leaving only the brown-edged pits where they once sat.
These seeds are small and black in appearance and are embedded in the flesh near the rind of a pineapple. These seeds are notoriously hard to germinate, sometimes taking 2 years or more to sprout, but it is possible to do so. The far more popular approach to growing a new pineapple plant is to grow them vegetatively. In other words, when you slice off the spiky top of a pineapple, you can soak that in water until new roots begin to form, and then plant the pineapple crown in the ground.
That being said, these small black seeds can lead to pineapple plants, but it requires quite a bit of effort and time on the part of the grower. The seeds aren’t commonly consumed for any culinary purposes, nor are they directly edible as a source of nutrients. In some cases, it can be difficult to separate the seeds from the rind, as they are quite small and directly next to the skin of the fruit when you are peeling.
How Do You Plant Pineapple Seeds?
Once you separate the pineapple seeds from the flesh and skin of the fruit, you need to rinse the seeds and dry them. The following process is time-intensive, but it will eventually result in a pineapple plant.
Step 1 – Place the seeds in an airtight glass container away from direct sunlight.
Step 2 – Within 2-3 weeks, the seeds should begin to germinate and sprout.
Step 3 – Fill 2/3 of a small plastic cup with soil.
Step 4 – Place the seeds of the pineapple under the soil, with the sprouts above it.
Step 5 – Cover the top of the cup with another plastic cup, forming a greenhouse-type container.
Step 6 – Water the seeds once per week, but be careful not to flood them with too much water.
Step 7 – As the sprouts increase in size, over the course of months, you may need to transplant them to larger pots.
Step 8 – The plants will continue to grow, and do not need to be covered any longer.
Step 9 – The first pineapples should appear between 20 months and 3 years from seed germination.
Growing Pineapples (Ananas comosus)
Not only is growing pineapples ridiculously easy. Growing pineapple plants is possible just about anywhere in the world.
That’s because the pineapple plant is one of the few tropical fruits that are really well suited to growing in pots, and that means you can grow pineapple plants indoors.
Having said that, to grow good pineapple fruit (and in reasonable amounts) you need to live somewhere that is warm and sunny year round. Below we will talk about growing pineapples outdoors to get lots of fruit.
I love pineapples. I love the fruit, I love the plant itself and its spectacular flower, and once you have a few pineapples… Well, they multiply like rabbits, so if you grow pineapples you eventually end up with lots of them.
I grow lots of pineapples in my garden. If you plant them in the right spot they need virtually no care whatsoever.
But let’s start at the start. Here’s all you ever wanted to know about growing pineapples (and then some).
All About Growing Pineapples
Growing Pineapples Is Easy
This page summarises all the essential information about growing pineapples. It’s best to read this first. It may be all you need.
More Pineapple Growing
Your pineapple tops are planted and doing well, now you need to know how to look after and multiply your pineapples. Learn how to propagate using slips and suckers and find pineapple growing tips and strategies.
Pineapples And Permaculture
Ideas, tips and tricks for growing pineapples in a permaculture garden.
Growing Pineapples Is Easy
Growing pineapples is easy if you get the basics right.
But first of all, here are a few pictures of pineapple plants for those who don’t know what they look like:
Above are some young pineapple plants of two different varieties. The second one is called Smooth Cayenne, a variety that is grown commercially. I am not sure what the first one is called. It is a smaller plant, with even spikier leaves, and very sweet, small fruit.
The next photo shows a mature pineapple plant from the top.
The last photo shows a fruiting plant. The fruit stem emerges from the middle of the plant and you get one pineapple per plant.
A Few Things You Should Know About Pineapple Plants
- Pineapples don’t need much water. They have very tough leaves so they don’t lose much water through evaporation. They can get by on very little.
- Pineapples need free draining soil.
- Pineapples don’t need much soil or high quality soil. They belong to the family of bromeliads, and like all bromeliads they do not have a big root system.
- Pineapples get a lot of their water and nutrition through their leaves.
- Pineapples like slightly acidic soils, which is what most gardens have anyway.
- Pineapples grow in full sun, even in the hottest climates, but they also do well in dappled shade.
- Pineapples grow very happily in pots or tubs.
What pineapples do not like is
- soggy, waterlogged soils,
- having their leaves burned with concentrated fertilisers,
You can get started several ways. Most people will start using the top of a shop bought pineapple. If you know someone who grows pineapples you may also be able to beg, steal or buy some “suckers”, “pups” or “slips”, little plantlets taken of a mature pineapple plant. (I will tell you more about those later on.)
Don’t put the little thing in a glass of water. I don’t know where people get the idea that everything needs to be started in a glass of water. Really, that’s nonsense. In the case of pineapple tops it’s actually better to let it cure or dry for a day or two before planting.
If you use tops make sure you remove all the fruit flesh. The stem that is left needs to be bare, dry and clean. Shop bought pineapples may already have a bit of rot in that stem. Cut it out if you can, and if not, use another top. I’ll say it again because it is so important: the end of the stem should be dry! Leave your cleaned top on the bench for a day or two if needed.
You should also remove all the small bottom leaves. Just pull them off. The same goes for suckers. If they are very small or have dead leaves at the bottom, pull the bottom leaves off. You may find little roots growing in between them already.
Now just make a small hole in the ground or in a pot and stick your little pineapple in that.
Push the soil back in and firm it around the base so the pineapple sits straight and doesn’t fall over. If the soil is dry give it some water.
And that’s it. It’ll grow.
How Much Space Do Pineapples Need?
The roots don’t need much space but the plant itself can grow to an impressive size.
My late neighbour Henry behind some of his pineapples.
Pineapple leaves are very spiky, so make sure you put them in a place where they can spread without becoming a nuisance.
They are nice to grow in clumps if you have room, or as a (wide) border along paths or driveways.
Plant them at a distance of about a foot (that’s pretty close but it’s what I do anyway), and expect individual healthy plants to measure up to a metre across and a metre high.
How Much Water Do Pineapples Need?
Basically, it doesn’t matter.
If you live in an area where water is scarce just give them what you can spare. Pineapples grow with very little water. Make sure your soil is thickly mulched to reduce evaporation and consider growing pineapples under a bit of shade.
(This of course depends on the climate you live in. The closer to tropical or sub-tropical your area is, the more shade your pineapples can handle. If you live in a climate where you have to grow pineapples indoors during winter then they will need all the sun they can get in summer.)
If you have lots of water, great. It’s okay to always have water sitting in the rosette in the middle of the plant. Everything extra will just run off and drain away. But it is a waste and you should avoid overwatering.
However, it is important that excess water can drain away quickly. Don’t try growing them in a bog hole.
How Much And Which Plant Food?
Pineapples take up a lot of their nutrition through their leaves, and the first few months after planting they rely only on their leaves. You should make sure the plant food actually lands on the leaves.
If you use artificial and concentrated fertilisers you will burn your pineapple, so stay away from them. You should stay away from them anyway. They generally do more harm than good.
You can use liquid fertilisers like fish emulsion or seaweed extract. Make a very diluted solution and just use a watering can to put it on the pineapple plant and the surrounding soil.
If you use something like pelleted chicken manure sprinkle it on the soil very close to the base of the pineapple plant (remember, very small root system) and make sure a bit falls into the bottom leaves.
The best way by far is of course a natural and organic solution that does not require you to buy anything.
Mix compost in with your soil before you plant the pineapple, and then mulch thickly around it.
You end up with mulch and compost sitting in the bottom leaves, and as it breaks down it feeds the plant.
The colour of the leaves of your pineapple plant will tell you how well you are doing. If they have a reddish, purple tinge then your pineapple is starving and you should help it a bit.
Don’t panic, they are hard to kill. I rarely manage to avoid that purple tinge on them in the first few months. They grow out of it. But keep in mind that you do get bigger, tastier and juicier fruit from a well fed pineapple plant. You also get it quicker…
When Do Pineapples Fruit?
Um, when they’re ready.
It depends on the variety, on your climate, how well you look after them, and it depends whether you plant tops, suckers/pups or slips.
Growing pineapples from tops of shop bought pineapples can seem to take forever. Tops take about 24 months to fruit (even longer in colder climates).
Suckers take about 18 months and slips can fruit within a year.
Generally a pineapple will flower as soon as it is big enough, so the happier it is and the better you look after it the sooner it will flower. If you grow pineapples outside their ideal (tropical) range they take longer.
Once a pineapple flowers you have to wait for another six month for the fruit to mature. Growing pineapples for fruit sure is a long term investment.
The fruit is ready to pick when it starts to turn yellow. If you have four legged marauders, or if it looks like the fruit is getting sunburned, cut it now and leave it on the kitchen bench for a few days.
Otherwise leave it on the plant until it’s fully ripe and yellow. Cut it, eat it and plant the top :-).
Once you have the first few pineapples growing it gets easier and faster. A mature pineapple plant produces lots of offspring and the suckers and slips fruit a lot quicker.
If you have enough space you can theoretically have hundreds of them within a few years. And then it doesn’t matter anymore how long it takes for any of them. There will always be some of them fruiting.
Next: Learn how to propagate using slips and suckers and find pineapple growing tips and strategies.
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