Grow a peach tree

How to Speed up Seed Germination

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Some seeds grow easily, but others do better when they start out in controlled conditions that mimic their natural environments. Here are some tips to help you create the right conditions so that your seeds will sprout faster.

The best way to find out the optimal conditions for your plants is to read the information on the seed packet. It will tell you the best planting date, time until bloom, instructions, and any special needs.

One easy way to make seeds germinate faster is to presoak them for 24 hours in a shallow container filled with hot tap water. Water will penetrate the seed coat and cause the embryos inside to plump up. Don’t soak them for longer than 24 hours because they could rot. Plant the seeds immediately in moist soil.

Stratification is the practice of using a period of moist cold to trick seeds into thinking they are experiencing winter. If you are sowing seeds indoors in the spring, soak the seeds and then place them in a zip-top sandwich bag filled halfway with moist, seed-starting medium and then cover them with another inch of medium. Keep the bag in the refrigerator. When the seeds sprout roots, transfer them to pots.

You can also keep seeds that need to be exposed to the cold in pots outdoors in the fall and winter. Spread a thin layer of very fine gravel, such as natural-colored aquarium gravel, over the tops of the pots. Keep the pots close together and bury them to their rims to protect them from severe cold and prevent them from spilling. After the seeds have started to germinate, move the pots to a sheltered nursery area.

Scarification is a process of nicking a seed’s coat with a knife or sandpaper so that moisture can reach the seed’s embryo. You can use a small pocketknife or rat-tail file to remove a very small slice or section of seed coat, or line a jar with a sheet of sandpaper, put the seeds inside, screw on the lid, and shake it. Scarify the seeds just before you are ready to plant them.

It is easy to care for seeds planted in pots. Many gardeners recommend planting seeds thickly in a flat or tray and then repotting individual seedlings in large containers. You can eliminate the need for transplanting by starting a few seeds in 2 ¼-inch or larger pots and then thinning them with scissors or planting them all in your garden.

You can prevent seedling disease by using a commercial “soilless” seed-starting mix. Pour most of the mix into a large bowl and moisten it with water, fill the container to ½ inch below the rim, pack the medium down to eliminate air pockets, pour three or four seeds into the pot, and press them down into the soilless mix. Cover them if you expect them to germinate in a few days or weeks. Keep the medium moist by watering from above with a fine mist or pouring water onto a tray and letting the pots soak it up from the bottom.

Place seedlings in pots on south- or east-facing windowsills so they will get plenty of light. If you don’t have enough space, you can put them indoors under fluorescent lights mounted on chains that can be moved up and down. Seedlings will need 12 to 16 hours of artificial light per day.

After the seedlings begin to emerge, use a water-soluble fertilizer weekly to encourage growth. Follow recommendations for indoor plants or container plants.

Before you plant your seedlings outdoors, they need to be “hardened off” to prevent them from being damaged by sun, wind, and harsh weather. Move the seedlings to a shady area shielded from harsh wind. Leave them there for a couple of hours on the first day and for gradually longer periods of time. After about a week, they will be ready to plant in the ground. It is best to plant them on a drizzly, gray day or in the late afternoon. Water the seedlings before and after planting them.

Check More of Our Gardening Tips

Ways to Warm Seed Trays Indoors

Use a Seedling Heating Mat

If you want a product made just for this purpose, consider getting a proper seedling heating pad.

Seedling Heating Mat | Amazon

Check the size of the mat you are buying. You may need a few to accommodate all of your seedling trays.

Household Hacks

These ideas are hacks, meaning they are unconventional solutions. They are simply ideas, not advice, and anything you try is entirely at your own risk. If something seems unsafe, don’t do it.

The idea is to make use of heat produced in your home for other purposes and have the seedling tray nearby.

SAFETY FIRST: USE THESE IDEAS AT YOUR OWN RISK

Use what you have:

  • Top of toaster oven (after use, with cooling rack on top: no direct contact with seedling tray)
  • Top of cooking range (again, after use, no direct contact)
  • On a waterbed heater
  • On a heating pad
  • On string lights or fairy lights that radiate some heat-place them in a roasting pan with seed trays over top
  • Over pots of hot water (cooling after cooking)
  • In a chick incubator
  • On top of the fridge
  • Over a steam radiator
  • Above a heat register (beware of dry air-must be humid)
  • Over a slow cooker or crock pot of warm water

No matter what you choose, the idea is to gently warm the soil from below, not above, and to do it in a safe manner.

In many of these examples, you are making use of leftover heat when the appliance is OFF (after use). Some place a baking sheet with a dish towel on top above the warm surface and place the seed starting tray on top.

Even with just a couple of hours of slow heat, some seeds respond quickly (within a day or two) to added warmth.

A device like a slow cooker partially filled with water can offer continuous heat for several hours. Seeds like peppers germinate much faster with warmth like this. You can see an example of this in in tip #1 here: speeding up seed germination with a slow cooker.

How to germinate Cannabis Seeds

Now it’s time to plant a seed!

Use a pencil and poke a shallow hole. Around 1/2 inch (1.5 cm) deep into each pellet.

Put the seed in there and cover it up.

One seed per peat pellet.

By the way, there are people suggesting the seeds needs to be placed in a certain position. I found that not to be true when using peat pellets.

Once the seed is in the wet soil, it will begin its life. Keep the peat pellets warm.

But not too warm! 20 deg celsius – 28 deg is good. That is 68 – 82 degree fahrenheit.

Make sure that the Peat Pellets stays moist during the whole time. Don’t let it dry out … or its the end for that seed!

Good seeds will have a rate of 98% successful germination.

After 3 – 8 days, the plants will stick their heads out. Like this:

Ok OK, I kinda messed this up a little.

The plants have grown very long. Because I did not check on them for 5 days. They germinated and desperately tried to reach light.

Usually, the germinated plants need to go under a light (grow lamp or sun) immediately when they stick their head out.

They need direct light. Lots of direct light. As much as possible.

Once the plant has popped out, you’ll also transplant it into a pot.

Since my plants here are very long, I bury it very deep into the soil.

I bury large parts of the stem. So the seedling won’t fall over.

The buried stem will later grow roots.

No the plants need to go under the light.

Give them a bit of water and they will begin their journey through life!

Time to celebrate, you just germinated some new plants!

Couple days later, they’ll look like this:

About germinating Marijuana seeds in a wet paper towel …

I have seen many people write about the “wet-papertowel-method”.

With that method, the cannabis seeds are put in a wet tissuel where they will germinate.

Than the seeds are put into peat pellets or other soil.

That’s not a good way to germinate Marijuana Seeds. Because the freshly germinated seeds have to be touched.

Touching that little baby is similar to touching a fetus in the womb. It is likely to do harm. Thats why paper towels are not good.

Where to buy Cannabis Seeds safely?

We have teamed up with IloveGrowingMarijuana. These guys have some of the best quality seeds you can get. They ship worldwide and make sure nobody finds out about your order. You will also get a $6 discount with this voucher code: how-to-marijuana. Buy Marijuana Seeds here.

How to Plant a Peach Seed

Some varieties of peaches germinate more easily than others. You may have to try several varieties before you find one that germinates. Don’t be surprised if your peach tree produces a different variety of peach than the peach whose pit you planted!

To plant a peach pit:

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  1. Store the pit at room temperature, out of the sun. You can also store it in a plastic bag in the refrigerator as long as there are no apples or bananas in the refrigerator. Apples and bananas release ethylene, which may damage the pit.
  2. Plant the pit outdoors in the fall in well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of around 6.
  3. Plant the pit in a hole about three inches (7.6 centimeters) deep.
  4. Pack the soil firmly around the pit.
  5. Make sure the soil is slightly moist. If you overwater it, the pit will rot .

Alternatively you can clean and dry the peach pit, store it in a plastic bag as above until winter, and induce it to germinate using cold treatment (stratification). There should be slight condensation inside the bag. If the pit appears too dry, add some water, shake the bag and then completely drain the water. The cold treatment process is as follows:

  1. Soak the pit in water for a few hours.
  2. Put the pit in (barely) moistened soil in a plastic bag.
  3. Store the pit in the refrigerator at 34 to 42 degrees Fahrenheit (1.1 to 5.6 degrees Celsius).
  4. Check for germination after six weeks. Don’t be discouraged if there are no signs of germination. It may take closer to three months for the seed to germinate.
  5. Once the pit develops a root that is at least half an inch (1.3 centimeters) long, plant it in soil in a pot.
  6. Replant your tree outdoors in spring, after the last frost .

It takes three or four years for a peach tree to grow fruit. For this reason, many people prefer to buy a young tree rather than wait for a tree to grow from a seed.

Growing new trees from peach seed planting is difficult. but not impossible. They may be grown indoors or outdoors and make a fun project for the adventurous gardener.

Peach Trees

Cultivated since at least 2,000 B.C. by the Chinese, peaches are beloved worldwide for their sweet, delicious fruit. Spanish colonists brought peaches to the Americas and the early Virginia settlers found them growing wild, probably as a result of early Spanish visitors.

While there are varieties of peach trees that may be grown in cooler climates, peach trees grow best in temperature to warm garden zones. There’s a reason Georgia is called the peach tree state – its zone 7b climate provides the perfect growing conditions for peaches. Peaches are considered stone fruits. The stone is the hard pit in the center of the fruit. They’re categorized as cling or freestone fruits. Most peaches purchased at the supermarket or roadside stands are freestone peaches. The pit easily detaches from the fruit. Clingstone fruits are named because the pit clings to the fruit, making it difficult to remove. Clingstone peaches are grown for the canning industry and are preserved and sold as cling peaches in heavy (or light) syrup.

Peach Seed Planting Techniques

Peach seed planting is challenging. Gardeners considering a home orchard will be more successful by purchasing known varieties as mature trees from a reputable nursery. These trees have well-developed root systems and are usually varieties grafted onto sturdy rootstock. They will reward the home orchardist with fruit in the second year of growth, if not the first. Trees grown from peach seeds or stones take several years to develop into mature trees that will bear fruit. It takes time and patience to nurture such trees to maturity.

Peach Seed Facts

Before getting started with peach seed planting, gardeners need to know the following facts.

  • Most peaches available at the supermarket, grocery store or other food store are one of several varieties of freestone peaches grown for their early ripening and sturdiness during transportation. Some varieties will not germinate from the seed or pit.
  • Peaches grown from seeds may not be as tasty as the fruit from which they originated. Depending on the parent trees that pollinated the fruit seed, the peach may be a cross from less tasty varieties. Expect a lot of variation once the peaches grown from seeds develop fruit.
  • It takes several years for a peach tree to mature from seed to a fully bearing fruit tree.
  • Peach trees, like other fruit trees, come in dwarf, semi-dwarf and standard varieties. The seeds obtained from supermarket peaches are likely standard trees. These can grow ten, twenty or more feet in height. Make sure you have room for such a tree. If garden space is limited, select trees from the garden center marked dwarf. These provide delicious fruit, but stay under ten feet or so- a very manageable height for most home orchardists.

Starting Peach Seeds

To begin your peach seed planting project, obtain peach seeds. You can collect these from fruits. Wash the seeds thoroughly and allow them to air dry.Peach seeds need several weeks of cold temperatures to germinate. Depending on the time of year you want to plant peach seeds, you can give them the right temperatures by planting them outside or keeping them in a bag in the refrigerator for a few weeks. If chilling them in the refrigerator, be sure to store them in a dry, cool place. Do not store them near apples or bananas as these fruits release a gas called ethylene that may spoil the peach pits. You can also place the peach pits in a bag at room temperature, as long as the room is cool. Basements or garages work well for this.

Growing Peaches From Seeds Indoors

To sprout peach seeds indoors, you will need an area with bright light or indoor grow lights. Take a clean pot and fill it with the best soil mixture you can find. The soil should be light and full of organic matter. A mixture such as Pro Mix or another bagged, sterilized soil is ideal. Make sure the soil is moist, but not soaking wet. Plant the peach seed in the middle of the pot, and press the soil very firmly around the peach seed. Keep soil most. Be sure it does not dry out. Keep the pot in a cool, bright area until it sprouts.

Outdoor Seed Germination

The best way to ensure successful peach seed planting is to start the seeds outdoors. You will need to plant them at certain times of the year to take advantage of the cooler temperatures that enhance germination.

After collecting, washing and drying peach seeds, store them in the refrigerator until you’re ready to plant them. When you’re ready, find a space in the garden with good soil or enhance the soil with compost. Plant the peach pits about three inches below the soil. You may need to spray them with Ropel or another product to deter squirrels. Squirrels love to dig up peach pits and will go to great lengths to obtain them. Mark the spot with a plant marker and be sure to keep the area moist if there’s no rain or snowfall. Plant the seeds only in late fall to allow the cold temperatures to chill the peach seeds for the right amount of time.

Peach Seed Planting Resources

Several state cooperative extension websites provide more information on peach seed planting:

  • Michigan Peach Growers provides extensive techniques and tips for growing peaches from seeds.
  • Plant Answers shares the history of the peach and information on growing peaches from seeds.
  • Colorado State University lists tips on growing peaches from pits.

Planting Peach Seeds – How To Grow A Peach Tree From A Pit

While they may not look or taste just like the originals, it’s possible to grow peaches from seed pits. It will take several years before fruiting occurs, and in some cases, it may not happen at all. Whether or not a seed-grown peach tree produces any fruit usually depends on the type of peach pit it derived from. Just the same, whether or not the peach pit germinates depends on the peach variety.

Germinating Peach Pits

Although you can plant a peach pit directly in the soil during fall and wait for spring germination nature’s way, you can also store the seed until early winter (Dec/Jan.) and then induce germination with cold treatment or stratification. After soaking the pit in water for about an hour or two, place it in a plastic bag with slightly moist soil. Store this in the refrigerator, away from fruit, in temps between 34-42 F./-6 C.).

Keep a check for germination, as germinating peach pits

may take anywhere from a few weeks to a couple months or more—and that’s if you’re lucky. In fact, it may not germinate at all so you’ll want to try several varieties. Eventually, one will germinate.

Note: While it’s certainly not required, some people have found success by removing the hull (outer pit) from the actual seed inside prior to the cold treatment.

How to Plant a Peach Pit

As previously stated, planting peach seeds takes place in fall. They should be planted in well-draining soil, preferably with the addition of compost or other organic material.

Plant the peach pit about 3-4 inches deep and then cover it with about an inch or so of straw or similar mulch for overwintering. Water during planting and then only when dry. By spring, if the peach was any good, you should see sprouting and a new peach seedling will grow.

For those germinated via the refrigerator, once germination occurs, transplant to a pot or in a permanent position outdoors (weather permitting).

How to Grow a Peach Tree from Seed

Growing peaches from seed isn’t difficult once you’ve gotten through the germination process. Transplants can be treated and grown in pots just like any other fruit tree. Here is an article about growing peach trees if you’d like to learn more about peach tree care.

Some peach pits germinate quick and easy and some take a little longer—or may not germinate at all. Whatever the case may be, don’t give up. With a little persistence and trying more than one variety, growing peaches from seed can be well worth the extra patience. Of course, then there’s the wait for fruit (up to three years or more). Remember, patience is a virtue!

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