Green and purple leaves

Indigenous herbs

Ivy-leaf violet (Viola hederacea)

Ivy leaf violet. Image by Ian Moodie.

A fast growing perennial herb with light green kidney-shaped leaves up to 30mm long.

  • Ivy-leaf violet forms roots at the leaf nodes and underground stems form a deep mat.
  • The flowers are held erect above the leaves.
  • It has small white flowers with purple centres held above the leaves on stalks up to 100mm long.
  • It flowers most of the year, especially June to March.
  • The fruits of the Ivy-leaf violet are capsules 8mm-12mm in length.
  • They release the seeds from valves.
  • The seeds change colour when they ripen, changing from cream to dark maroon/pale brown.
  • It tolerates full sun or part shade.
  • Ivy-leaf violet grows abundantly once established. It is an excellent ground cover and an attractive hanging-basket plant, preferring a well-drained soil.
  • It can also be used as an alternative to lawn in low-traffic areas.
  • In Boroondara, Ivy-leaf violet can be found along our creeks and waterways.
  • Ivy-leaf violet provides food for butterflies as well as shelter for small skinks and possibly small frogs.

Sticky everlasting (Xerochrysum viscosum)

Shiny everlasting daisy. Image by Ian Moodie.

An erect, biennial herb, one of the more popular paper daisies.

  • It grows to 50cm x 50cm and has narrow, lance-shaped leaves usually 1.5cm to 10cm long.
  • It dies off in summer and re-shoots in autumn.
  • It has bright yellow flower heads and mostly flowers in spring.
  • The seeds are borne through the air on fluffy pappus-like dandelion.
  • Sticky everlasting grows in full sun.
  • Sticky everlasting prefers a well-drained soil.
  • It is perfect for rockeries and cottage gardens, especially when planted in masses or drifts.
  • To encourage longevity and bushiness, prune hard after flowering.
  • In Boroondara, Sticky everlasting can be seen in Friends Group plantings in Willsmere Park.
  • It is attractive to birds, bees and butterflies.

Loropetalum Is Green Not Purple: Why Are Loropetalum Leaves Turning Green

Loropetalum is a lovely flowering plant with deep purple foliage with glorious fringed flowers. Chinese fringe flower is another name for this plant, which is in the same family as witch hazel and bears similar blooms. The flowers are evident March through April, but the bush still has seasonal appeal after the blooms drop.

Most species of Loropetalum bear maroon, purple, burgundy or even nearly black leaves, presenting a unique foliar aspect for the garden. Occasionally your Loropetalum is green not purple or the other hues in which it comes. There is a very simple reason for Loropetalum leaves turning green but first we need a little science lesson.

Reasons a Purple Loropetalum Turns Green

Plant leaves gather solar energy through their leaves and respirate from the foliage as well. Leaves are very sensitive to light levels and heat or cold. Often the new leaves of a plant come out green and change to a darker color as they mature.

The green foliage on purple leafed Loropetalum is often just baby foliage. The new growth can cover the older leaves, preventing sun from reaching them, so purple Loropetalum turns green under the new growth.

Other Causes of Green Foliage on a Purple Leafed Loropetalum

Loropetalum is native to China, Japan and the Himalayas. They prefer temperate to mildly warm climates and are hardy in USDA zones 7 to 10. When Loropetalum is green and not purple or its proper color, it may be an effect of excess water, dry conditions, too much fertilizer or even the result of a rootstock reverting.

Lighting levels seem to have a large hand in leaf color too. The deep coloring is caused by a pigment which is influenced by UV rays. In higher solar doses, the excess light can promote green leaves instead of the deep purple. When UV levels are promotional and plenty of the pigment is produced, the plant keeps its purple hue.

The Garden Guru: Purple Diamond loropetalum blooms stunning beauty

A cluster of three Purple Diamond loropetalums have been creating a stunning “Wow Factor” at the Coastal Georgia Botanical Gardens and they can do the same in your landscape too. What is even more impressive is that they are doing this in a garden with 900 plus camellias and dozens of azaleas. In other words, they are among the showiest plants in a garden chock full of dazzling beauty.

Botanically speaking they are known as Loropetalum chinense with a lot of gardeners knowing them as Chinese fringe flower. Purple Diamond is different, it’s compact, reaching about 5 feet tall and is slightly spreading versus the 15 foot skyscraper that I have at my home and maybe at yours too.

But these are the new, however; the Coastal Georgia Botanical Gardens planted its first trial of loropetalums a little more than 30 years ago. They too are offering staggering beauty. The first loropetalums around were white flowered selections, but it is the red and burgundy varieties that have captured the hearts of gardeners everywhere since the early 1990s.

Unfortunately back then gardeners thought they were dainty little shrubs and planted them too close to the house, sidewalk and even other shrubs. It is not uncommon now to see them as crowded trees in older plantings.

In recent years there have been great strides made in varieties from the truly super dwarf and spreading to the compact. The evergreen, or in this case the ever purple foliage, gives year round interest and when in bloom they are mesmerizing, capturing your attention.

If you need a selection even shorter then Purple Pixie is the choice for you. To be honest if it never bloomed I would still love it for its habit and texture. It is remarkable in a large container where its dark purple foliage tumbles over the edge. It reaches about 2 feet in height with a spread of 4 feet. So while in a container you may want to do a little tip pruning rest assured in the landscape it is a superb groundcover.

Like Purple Pixie, Purple Diamond has dark purple foliage and flowers that are reddish purple and seem to glow almost iridescently and are incredibly visual from a great distance. They are both cold hardy to around zero and recommended for zones 7-10.

No matter what loropetalum you choose, they perform best in full sun, but can tolerate partial shade as along our Judge Arthur Solomon Camellia Trail. Plant them in well-drained, organic-rich beds that are slightly acidic. I like to emphasize the part about planting in beds. When planting loropetalums, or any other shrub, put them in a well prepared bed instead of sticking them in a patch of turf.

In the landscape consider planting Purple Diamond with white blooming trees like ornamental pears, Yoshino cherries, or dogwoods with informal drifts of daffodils. Purple Pixie would be great in front of white azaleas, along a dry stream bed or a rock garden with pockets of yellow daffodils as well as large containers. With these loropetalums there is one thing certain, you will be creating a garden worthy of a painting. Follow me on [email protected]

Norman Winter is the director of the Coastal Georgia Botanical Gardens at the Historic Bamboo Farm, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension.

15 amazing plants with burgundy red leaves

If you’re anything like me… you want a garden that is beautiful and unique. I’m always on the lookout for new and unusual plants that will enhance my landscape.

One of my favorite ways to experiment in the garden is by using plants with burgundy leaves and foliage. It’s such an unexpected color to incorporate into your landscape. And, there’s a surprisingly high number of plants, from ground covers and grasses to shrubs and trees.

What I like most about plants with burgundy leaves is that the dark backdrop really sets off the flowers both on the plants and in front of the plants. It’s almost as if they are popping out at you.

Many plants with burgundy foliage also sport really unique features like prolific blooms, edible berries and event scents that will make you fall in love with them.

Watch the video: How to use burgundy foliage in your landscape.

The best plants with burgundy foliage for your landscape

These are some of my favorite shrubs and plants with burgundy leaves. Keep scrolling for more details and pictures of each!

  • Elderberry Black Beauty
  • Crape Myrtle Black Diamond Pure White
  • Japanese Maple Bloodgood
  • Japanese Maple Inaba Shidare
  • Ninebark Tiny Wine
  • Ninebark Diablo
  • Ajuga (Bugleweed) Black Scallop
  • Little Miss Maiden Grass
  • Heuchera (Coral Bells) – here are some varieties to check out:
    • Heuchera Plum Pudding
    • Heuchera Fire Alarm
    • Heuchera Blackout
    • Heuchera Palace Purple

Quick Tip: Love color? Learn how to create gorgeous color schemes in your garden.

Elderberry Black Beauty

Zones: 4-7
8-12′ H x 5-6′ W
Full to part sun

The elderberry black beauty has exotic, fern-like deep purple foliage with purple young stems. Clusters of pink blooms with a lemony scent envelop this unique shrub, attracting butterflies. It also bears yummy fruit (elderberries) in the summer that both people and birds love.

Crape Myrtle Black Diamond Pure White

Zones: 5-9
10-12′ H x 8′ W
Full sun

The Black Diamond Pure White Crape Myrtle has dark, almost black foliage spring to summer white ruffled flowers all season. This is a small, multi-stemmed tree that’s even drought-tolerant once established. It’s contrasting deep maroon (almost black) foliage and pure white flowers are sure to get lots of attention!

Japanese Maple Bloodgood

Zones: 5-9
15-20′ H x 12-15′ W
Part sun

The delicate reddish-burgundy leaves of the Bloodgood Japanese Maple are showcased on strong branches. The leaf color only gets more brilliant through the year, ranging from orange-red, bronze-red, through to purple-red.

The Bloodgood Japanese Maple is certainly a beautiful ornamental tree for any gardener looking to add red or burgundy foliage to the landscape.

What Blooms with What?

Never know what to plant together? Find out with this FREE Plant Pairing Guide and become a pro at combining plants for the best garden design possible!

Hey, since you’re already signed up for my emails, you may be interested in my Printable Garden Planner Kit. It includes 5 printable worksheets that you can use to plan and organize your landscape. Check it out here.

Japanese Maple Inaba Shidare

Zones: 5-9
10-15′ H x 8-15′ W
Full to part sun

The gorgeous Inaba Shidare Japanese Maple is a small weeping tree that has a shrub-like appearance. In spring, the leaves are a deep reddish burgundy and only get more brilliant through the year. In fall, the leaves turn a bright fiery red.

Ninebark Tiny Wine

Zones: 3-8
3-4′ H x 3-4′ W
Full to part sun

Disease resistant, pest resistant and the perfect size, it’s hard to find a friendlier shrub for the home gardener than Tiny Wine Ninebark. It’s little bundles of spring flowers envelop the shrub in pinkish-white clusters of color.

When the burgundy-maroon leaves drop in winter, the exposed bark of Tiny Wine has a striking, peeling appearance that will add interest to your winter garden.

Ninebark Diablo

Zones: 3-7
8-10′ H x 8-10′ W
Full to part sun

Diablo Ninebark features eye-catching creamy white flowers, deep reddish purple leaves, and wonderfully textured bark. It’s a real knockout plant that’s also easy to grow.

Diablo gets fairly large so make sure you have the space for it!

Ajuga Black Scallop

Zones: 4-9
4-6in H x 3′ W
Part sun

Ajuga, also known as bugleweed is a great groundcover, especially for shady areas. The leaves of Black Scallop are so dark burgundy they are almost black (hence, the name).

In spring, tiny spikes of deep-lavender flowers shoot up from the leaves! It’s a great addition to any garden featuring burgundy foliage.

Little Miss Maiden Grass

Zones: 5-9
2-3′ H x 1-4′ W
Full sun

Little Miss Maiden Grass is a great addition to any garden featuring burgundy foliage. Many gardens I see are often lacking the the motion and background noise that a beautiful grass adds to the landscape.

Little Miss’s graceful foliage emerges in early spring. As the summer wears on, the outer foliage turns brilliant red and purple that intensifies into the fall. This is a perfect grass to try if you are looking to take your burgundy garden to the next level.

Heuchera (Coral Bells)

Heuchera, or coral bells come many, many different varieties. I love them for their unique foliage color, their petite size (12-18″ wide and high) and the fact that they keep their leaves and color throughout the winter months. Hardy in zones 4-9, coral bells will thrive in both sun and partial shade. Here are some heuchera varieties featuring red and burgundy leaves:

Plants with green leaves and red stems / veining

Plants with green leaves and red stems (or veins) are also a great option when you’re trying to choose plants to combine with your burgundy foliage. If every plant has burgundy leaves… it’s all just going to blend together.

So, in order to maintain the magic of your burgundy plants, you can try mixing in some plants that have green leaves and red stems.

The best part is that the red veining will be accentuated with planted next to your burgundy foliage.

Here are some green leafed / red stemmed plants to check out:

Panacle Hydrangea Quick Fire

Zones: 4-8
6-8′ H x 6-8′ W
Full to part sun

This is a gorgeous hydrangea with beautiful ivory white blooms, big matte-textured leaves, and deep red veining. Quickfire blooms earlier than other hydrangea varieties, provides a floral show from summer through fall, and even provides winter interest with its dried flowers

If you like this shrub but it’s a little bit too big, you’re in luck. There’s also a Hydrangea Little Quick Fire, which is a bit smaller at 3-5′ H x 3-5′ W. It’s hardy from Zones 3-8.

I also mentioned coral bells in the section above. Many varieties of coral bells also feature red stems or veins (like Forever Red, Berry Smoothie and Red Lightening).

Some coral bells even feature a different color on the bottom of their leaves. For example, the variety Caramel is a burnt orange color. But, if you flip the foliage over, the underside has a strikingly bright burst of deep red!

So, make sure you flip over the coral bells leaves when you see them in the nursery. You may be surprised to find that it won’t be the same color you see on the top of the leaf!

How to pair plants with burgundy foliage

Over the weekend I picked up a few unusual plants. And, I know it can be challenging for many gardeners to pair plants together. Especially ones with unusual dark/burgundy foliage.

So, I thought I’d share a little bit about why I chose these three beautiful plants in particular.

Black Beauty Elderberry
Black Diamond Pure White Crape Myrtle
Panacle Hydrangea Quick Fire (you might also like Little Quick Fire, which is a bit smaller)

Find similarities in the plants you want to pair.

First and foremost, the goal is to pair plants with similar features to tie them together, but different features to set them apart. Sounds so confusing, I know. Well, these three plants have two things in common:

  1. Bloom color (white): They are all in the white, cream, very light pink family.
  2. Foliage or stem color (burgundy): The elderberry and the crape myrtle have a similar very dark burgundy (almost black foliage).
    The hydrangea has green foliage but the stems are a dark red, almost burgundy.

Find differences in the plants you want to pair.

What does each plant have that stands it apart?

The leaves all have differences!

Different how? In the size. In the shape. In the texture. This is the key!

The hydrangea has a really pretty, broad leaf. It’s the largest leaf of the bunch and it’s not the least bit shiny.

The crape myrtle has a smaller leaf to it, and it’s a definitely shinier than the dull/matte texture of the hydrangea leaf. It also has a curled appearance.

The elderberry leaf is the most different of all. It’s really fine and delicate. It kind of reminds me of the foliage of a fern.

So as you can see… they have similarities… but they also have differences.

The key to plant pairing success.

Make sure that your plant combos have common themes but ALSO have enough personality to set themselves apart from one other. Like I mentioned earlier, my post about combining plants will also be really helpful if you want to master this.

Choosing different leaf shapes and sizes is a great way to make sure you’re on the right track so that your plants will look great even when they’re not blooming.

Quick Tip: If you love the idea of combining plants in a 4-season garden, check out my post about how to make unforgettable plant combinations to learn even more!

Wrapping Up

So there you have it — a huge list of beautiful plants with burgundy leaves. Burgundy foliage helps not only the flowers on the plant to stand out, but also creates a wonderful backdrop to showcase plants in front of them.

When working with burgundy be sure to think about what the plant will look like each season and how you can use other parts of plants to create a cohesive garden. For example, we talked about using the maroon stem/veining of the Quick Fire Hydrangea to compliment the burgundy foliage of the elderberry and crape myrtle.

What’s your favorite plant with burgundy foliage? Let me know if in the comments below and I’ll add it to the post!

Check out these other great articles about gardening

  • Ingenious ways to regain privacy from second story neighbors
  • What to plant with purple flowers
  • Binge-worthy gardening tv shows to whip your landscape into shape from the couch

Never know what to plant together? Find out with this FREE Plant Pairing Guide and become a pro at combining plants for the best garden design possible!

Hey, since you’re already signed up for my emails, you may be interested in my Printable Garden Planner Kit. It includes 5 printable worksheets that you can use to plan and organize your landscape. Check it out here. 267shares

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