Golden delicious Apple trees

Contents

Golden Delicious Apple Care – Learn How To Grow A Golden Delicious Apple Tree

Golden Delicious apple trees make a great addition to the backyard orchard. And who wouldn’t want one of these highly ‘delicious’ fruit trees in the landscape? They’re not only easy to grow and full of taste but they’ve been around a while too, having been introduced in 1914 by Paul Stark Sr. of the notable Stark Bro’s Nurseries. Read on for more info on Golden Delicious apple care.

What are Golden Delicious Apples?

These apple trees are self-pollinating and quite hardy, thriving in USDA zones 4-9. The medium to large yellow apples have a mild, sweet flavor that is delicious in pies as well as adding sweetness to pork dishes and salads.

The trees can be found in dwarf (8-10 ft. or 2.4 to 3 m.) and semi-dwarf (12-15 ft. or 3.6 to 4.5 m.) sizes, fitting easily into a variety of garden spaces. Fragrant companion plants, such as lavender, rosemary, and sage, are not only low maintenance perennials that make an attractive bed in the garden but are wonderful in fall recipes.

How to Grow a Golden Delicious Apple Tree

Growing Golden Delicious apples requires full sun and well-drained soil. Like most fruit trees, they prefer not to have soggy soil. A nice, deep watering once a week, more often if the weather is hot, will help the tree get established and keep it happy throughout the year.

It is not difficult to learn to grow a Golden Delicious Apple Tree. They are heat tolerant and cold hardy. Golden Delicious apple trees are self-pollinating, which means they can be grown without another Golden Delicious in your garden. Because it’s such a prolific tree, part of Golden Delicious apple tree care is to be sure to thin out the fruit in the spring. Branches can break under the weight of all that beautiful fruit.

With proper watering, a little fertilizer in the spring, and a light pruning in the winter, your growing Golden Delicious apples will start producing fruit within 4-6 years of planting, or when trees reach about 8 feet (2.4 m.) in height. The fruit will be ripe in September and will keep for 3-4 months in a cool room or refrigerator. Be sure to use up any blemished or larger apples right away, as these will cause all of the apples to decay much faster.

When you learn how to grow a Golden Delicious apple tree, you are not only getting a beautiful addition to your garden but also investing in your health. Eating one apple gives you 17% of the USDA recommended daily allowance of fiber and is a tasty source of vitamin C.

GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE TREE

We have negotiated a 10% discount for you with Victoriana Nursery on all trees you buy from them. They are a family run business with a horticultural history dating back to the 1700’s. They currently stock Golden Delicious if you want to buy one with the 10% discount. If you click their banner above your 10% discount will automatically be deducted from your shopping basket when you buy anything from them – no need to enter a code, it all happens automatically!

PESTS AND DISEASES OF GOLDEN DELICIOUS

Golden Delicious has good overall disease resistance with no significant weak areas.

If a pest is likely to trouble your Golden Delicious it will probably be aphids. The first signs to look out for are the pests themselves on the undersides of the leaves. Often they are not initially visible with the naked eye so a magnifying glass may be required.

Adult aphids on a leaf

Secondary signs of aphids are leaves curling inwards and distorted. The attack won’t be fatal to the tree but if the infestation is significant it will affect the number of apples which reach full size. Read our article dedicated to recognising, avoiding and treating aphids here.

For a full description of common apple pests and diseases .

HOW TO PRUNE YOUR GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE TREE

This variety is about average as far as tree vigour is concerned so you should have no particular problems pruning it if you follow our step by step guide here.

Golden Delicious is a spur bearer which means that the vast majority of fruit buds are formed on short stems formed along the branches and stems but not normally at the end of branch / stem. This is the normal behaviour for most apple trees. Check out our section on pruning spur bearing apple trees for more detailed information.

ALTERNATIVES TO GOLDEN DELICIOUS

This is one of the more difficult varieties to find alternatives for. Golden Delicious can be used as an eater and a cooker, has excellent flavour, is good as far as disease resistance is concerned and produces fruit relatively late in the season.

A few varieties which fit the replacement criteria are:

  1. ASHMEAD’S KERNEL – has the same golden yellow look to it but tends to have more of a red flush. It can also match Golden Delicious for taste but is prone to Bitter Pit. It has a respectable storage life of two months though nowhere near as long as Golden Delicious. Both varieties flower and fruit at roughly the same time.
  2. CLAYGATE PEARMAIN – Only parts of the skin are russet, this is an excellent choice. A late variety which will grow well in cooler parts of the UK. It is a triploid variety. Good disease resistance. Full of juice and lots of flavour. Keeps for a month or so.

SUMMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF GOLDEN DELICIOUS

USE: Eating and cooking
SKIN COLOUR / TEXTURE: Golden yellow-green, sometimes slightly flushed red on the sun side
FLESH COLOUR: White
TASTE AND TEXTURE: Excellent, balanced taste.
FRUIT SIZE: Average
STORING QUALITIES: Three to four months
PRODUCES FRUIT: Mid to late October (see here for more details)
SUITABILITY FOR CORDON / ESPALIER GROWTH: Yes
TREE SIZE: Average size depending on rootstock and conditions
REGULARITY OF CROPPING: Regular
POLLINATION: Group 4, partially self-fertile. Will produce a larger crop with a matching pollination partner.
AWARDS: RHS AGM 1993
SPECIAL FEATURES: Excellent for eating and cooking, good pollinator for other varieties.

WHEN TO HARVEST GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLES

The average flowering time (optimum time for pollination) and date when fruits are ripe in the UK for the Golden Delicious variety are set out below. If you have set your home town we can give you a more accurate estimate, if you have not set your home town (do it now by clicking here) the dates below will be the average for the UK.

Your town has not been set, the average main flowering time for Golden Delicious in the UK is the second week of May. Fruit will be ready for harvesting in the third week of October. if you want to set the dates to your home town.

Flowering and fruit picking dates vary according to the weather in any particular growing season so the above dates may well change slightly from one year to the next. The flowering date above is when the apple tree produces the maximum number of blossoms, it will also produce blossom, although less, a week or two either side of the date given.

GOLDEN DELICIOUS POLLINATION

Golden Delicious will produce a reasonable crop of apples as a stand alone tree in most years. In less favourable years it does produce a larger crop if a suitable pollination partner is nearby. Golden Delicious is in pollination group 4. We list below varieties which are suitable pollination partners.

  • Arthur Turner – pollination group 3, self-sterile, cooker
  • Braeburn – pollination group 4, self-fertile, eater
  • Charles Ross – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
  • Court of Wick – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater and cooker
  • Discovery – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eating and cider
  • Dumelows Seedling – pollination group 4, self-sterile, cooker
  • Ellison’s Orange – pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, eater
  • Falstaff – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
  • Fiesta – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater
  • Gala – pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, eater
  • Granny Smith – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater and cooker
  • Grenadier – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
  • Honeycrisp – pollination group 4, self-sterile, eater
  • Howgate Wonder – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
  • Katy – pollination group 3, self-sterile, both
  • King of The Pippins – pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, eater and cooker
  • Lanes Prince Albert – pollination group 4, self-sterile, cooking
  • Lord Derby – pollination group 4, self-sterile, cooker
  • Newton Wonder – pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, cooker
  • Peasgoods Nonsuch – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
  • Rajka – pollination group 4, self-sterile, eater
  • Red Falstaff – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
  • Sops in Wine – pollination group 3, self-sterile, juicer
  • Spartan – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
  • Waltz – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater
  • Worcester Pearmain – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater

The full list of apple tree varieties which we have reviewed is listed below. Select any one of them and then click the “More Information” button to be taken to the in depth review:

The Differences Between Red and Green Delicious Apples

Polka Dot Images/Polka Dot/Getty Images

There are two main types of Delicious apples. The first is the Red Delicious, which is typically a bright red and has five very obvious bumps on the bottom. The other type is a round, greenish-yellow apple known as the Golden Delicious. Some people call the Golden Delicious apple a green apple; but when it is fully ripe, it has more yellow to it than green. These two types have some things in common but also a number of differences.

Characteristics

The Red Delicious apple is sweet but not overly so. It sometimes has a little bit of tartness to it, though this is not always the case. A Red Delicious is very crisp and juicy, with pale yellow flesh. It is naturally low in acid. The Golden Delicious apple is sweeter than the Red Delicious and has a pleasant, mild flavor. The flesh of this apple is crisp with a very light yellow color and is quite juicy.

Taste

Both the Red Delicious and Golden Delicious varieties of apples are suitable for eating raw. Which one is preferable is largely a matter of personal taste. Both are very sweet and crisp. If the Golden Delicious apple appears more green than yellow, it may not be ripe enough to eat raw and will not be as sweet as it will be when ripe. As it ages, it turns to a very obvious yellow color, which can indicate that it is past its prime. It will likely have lost both sweetness and crispness at that point. The Red Delicious stays red even when it is older, so it is hard to tell by looking at it what it may be like inside.

Cooking

The Golden Delicious apple is excellent for cooking. It can be used to make pies, applesauce or simply baked with some sugar and cinnamon sprinkled on top. It also typically freezes well and can be sliced then frozen for later use in pies. The Red Delicious apple does not hold up as well in terms of flavor when cooked. It also does not freeze well and is best kept refrigerated and eaten raw.

Other Uses

Both types of Delicious apples can be used to make apple cider. In fact, they are often combined to create a balanced cider. They may also be combined with other types of apples, such as Jonathan with Golden Delicious. Golden Delicious can also be made into apple butter and jelly, but Red Delicious is not a good choice for either of these.

Golden Delicious apple

Where to buy trees

The following tree nurseries offer Golden Delicious apple trees for sale:

  • Orange Pippin Fruit Trees (USA)
    United States
    Golden Delicious apple trees for sale >>

Where to buy fresh fruit

United States

  • Alabama

    • Crow Mountain Orchard, Fackler
    • Isom Orchards, Athens
    • Mountain View Orchards, Jemison
    • Scott’s Orchard, Hazel Green
  • Arizona

    • Beatty’s Orchard, Hereford
    • Briggs & Eggers Orchards, Willcox
    • Date Creek Ranch, Wickenburg
  • Arkansas

    • Cox Berry Farm & Nursery, Clarksville
    • Roberson Orchards, Omaha
  • California

    • Apple-A-Day Ratzlaff Ranch, Sebastopol, CA
    • Denver Dan’s, Camino
    • High Hill Ranch, Placerville
    • Jack Creek Farms, Templeton
    • Julian Cider Mill, Julian
    • Knaus Apple Ranch, Tehachapi
    • Meyer Orchards, Wynola
    • Mother Lode Orchards, Camino
    • Noble Orchards, Paradise
    • Parrish Pioneer Ranch, Yucaipa
    • Peacefiel Orchard, Julian
    • Prevedelli Farms, Watsonville
    • Raven Hill Orchard, Julian
    • RB Family Orchard, Tehachapi
    • Riley’s at Los Rios Rancho, Yucaipa
    • Riley’s Farm Fort Cross Orchard, Yucaipa
    • Seven C’s Family Orchard, Tehachapi
    • Sky Meadow Farms, Leona Valley
    • SLO Creek Farms, San Luis Obispo
    • The Apple Farm — Bates & Schmitt, Philo
  • Colorado

    • Apple Valley Orchard, Penrose
    • Bolton’s Orchards, Grand Junction
    • Ela Family Farms, Hotchkiss
    • Ferrara’s Happy Apple Farm, Penrose
    • Happy Apple Farm, Penrose
    • Hummingbird Orchards, Palisade
    • Peachfork Orchards & Vineyard, Palisade
    • Red Mountain Ranches, Cedaredge
    • Third Street Apples, Penrose
    • YA YA Farm & Orchard, Longmont
  • Connecticut

    • Allyn’s Red Barn, Ledyard
    • Averill Farm, Washington Depot
    • Bishop’s Orchard, Guilford
    • Ellsworth Hill Orchard & Berry Farm, LLC, Sharon
    • Emerald Green Farm & Gardens, Wallingford
    • Hindinger Farm, Hamden
    • Irish Bend Orchard, Somers
    • Lyman Orchards, Middlefield
    • Norton Brothers Fruit Farms, Cheshire
    • Palazzi Orchard, East Killingly
    • Scott’s Yankee Farmer, East Lyme
    • Seek No Further Orchard, Hebron
    • Staehly Farms, East Haddam
  • Delaware

    • Fifer Orchards, Camden Wyoming
    • T.S. Smith & Sons, Bridgeville
  • Georgia

    • Aaron’s Apple House, Ellijay
    • B.J. Reece Apple House, Ellijay
    • Freedom Farms – Apple & Peach Orchard, Chatsworth
    • Hillcrest Orchards, Ellijay
    • Hillside Orchard Country Store, Lakemont
    • Mercier Orchards, Blue Ridge
    • R & A Orchards, Ellijay
    • Red Apple Barn (Little Bend Orchard), Ellijay
  • Idaho

    • Anderson Apple Ranch, Emmett
    • Apple Creek Farm, Jerome
    • BYU-Idaho Apple Orchard Museum, Rexburg
    • Candy Apple Orchard, Emmett
    • Garrett Ranches, Wilder
    • Kelley Orchards (Weiser), Weiser
    • Tyler’s Rocky Point Orchard, Emmett
    • Williamson Orchards & Vineyards, Caldwell
  • Illinois

    • All Seasons Apple Orchard, Woodstock *** Feature Orchard ***
    • Braeutigam Orchards, Belleville
    • Camp’s Orchard, Roseville
    • Christ Orchard, Elmwood
    • Curtis Orchard & Pumpkin Patch, Champaign
    • Eckert Orchards, Inc., Belleville
    • Edgewood Orchards, Quincy
    • Heinz Orchard, Green Oaks
    • Homestead Orchard, Woodstock
    • Jefferies Orchard, Springfield
    • Jonamac Orchards, Malta
    • Knutson’s Country Harvest, Newark
    • Kuipers Family Farm, Maple Park
    • Lang’s Orchard, Woodstock
    • Lipe Orchards, Carbondale
    • Meadowmoor Orchard, Woodstock
    • Mileur Orchard, Murphysboro
    • Mills Apple Farm, Marine
    • Okaw Valley Orchard, Sullivan
    • Orchard Ridge Farms, Rockton
    • Plank Road Apple Orchard, Sycamore
    • Pleasant Row Orchard, Cuba
    • Prairie Sky Orchard, Union
    • Rendleman Orchards, Alto Pass
    • Stone’s Apple Barn, East Moline
    • Tanner’s Orchard, Speer
    • Valley Orchard, Cherry Valley
    • Woodstock Country Orchard, Woodstock
  • Indiana

    • Anderson Orchard, Mooresville
    • Apple of His Eye, Anderson
    • Apple Works, Trafalgar
    • Beasley’s Orchard and Gardens, Danville
    • Blue River Orchard, Fredericksburg
    • Bright Meadows Orchard, Lawrenceburg
    • Bruick Brothers Produce / Advanced Tree Technology, New Haven
    • Chandler’s Farm, Fillmore
    • Cook’s Orchard, Fort Wayne
    • County Line Orchard, Hobart
    • Crosby’s Orchard, Lawrenceburg
    • Deer Creek Orchard, Galveston
    • Dispennett’s Orchard, Pine Village
    • Ditzler Orchard, Rosedale
    • Doud’s Countyline Orchard, Wabash
    • Dougherty Orchards, Cambridge City
    • G. W. Stroh Orchards, Angola
    • Garwood Orchards, LaPorte
    • Goley’s Orchard, Madison
    • HighPoint Orchard & Farm Market, Greensburg
    • Kercher’s Sunrise Orchards Farm Market, Goshen
    • McClure’s Orchard, Peru
    • Melton’s Orchard and Country Market, Bloomington
    • Mowry’s Fruit Farm, Crown Point
    • Orchard Hill Farms, Kendallville
    • Pleasant View Orchard, Fairland
    • Radke’s Orchards, Michigan City
    • Schafer Orchards, Princeton
    • Tuttle Orchards, Greenfield
    • Villa Orchard, Batesville
    • Wea Creek Orchard, Lafayette
    • Whiteland Orchard, Whiteland
  • Iowa

    • 3 Bee Farms, Griswold
    • Allen’s Orchard, Marion
    • Appleberry Farm, Marshalltown
    • Appleberry Orchard, Donnellson
    • Applecart Orchard, Vinton
    • Berry Patch Farm, Nevada
    • Center Grove Orchard, Cambridge
    • Community Orchards, Fort Dodge
    • Deal’s Orchard, Jefferson
    • Ditmars Orchard, Council Bluffs
    • East View Orchard, Fredericksburg
    • Gravert’s Apple Basket Orchard, Sabula
    • Hillside Orchard, Hamburg
    • Hubbard Orchards, Hubbard
    • Iowa Orchard, Urbandale
    • Mincer Orchard & Farms, Hamburg
    • River Sioux Orchard, River Sioux
    • Schneider Orchard, Lacona
    • Smalls Fruit Farm, Mondamin
    • The Big Apple Orchard, Mount Vernon
    • Timeless Prairie Orchard, Winthrop
    • Upstream Gardens & Orchard, Altoona
    • Wills Family Orchard, Adel
    • Wilson’s Orchard, Iowa City
  • Kansas

    • 86th Street Orchard, Topeka
    • Cain City Orchard, Bushton
    • Fieldstone Enterprise, Overbrook
    • Stephen’s Orchard, Bonner Springs
  • Kentucky

    • Delicious Fruit Orchard, South Shore
    • Evans Orchard & Cider Mill, Georgetown
    • Helton Orchard, Salyersville
    • Hidden Hollow Orchard and Wildlife Sanctuary, Louisville
    • Hinton’s Orchard & Farm Market, Hodgenville
    • Reed Valley Orchard, Paris
  • Maine

    • Conant Orchards, Etna
    • Eden Acres Family Farm, East Waterboro
    • Hope Orchards, Hope
    • McDougal Orchards, Springvale
    • Megquier Hill Orchard (formerly Goss), Otisfield
    • North Chester Orchard, Chester
    • Pietree Orchard, Sweden
    • Pine View Orchard, Berwick
    • Roberts’ Orchard, Poland
    • Sweetser’s Apple Barrel and Orchards, Cumberland Center
  • Maryland

    • Baugher Apple Orchard and Farm, Westminster
    • Bragunier Orchard, Big Pool
    • Lewis Orchards and Farm Market, Cavetown
    • Linden Hall Orchard, Hagerstown
    • O’Keefe Orchard, Colesville
  • Massachusetts

    • Arcadian Farms, Holliston
    • Autumn Hill Orchards, Groton
    • Bolton Orchards, Bolton
    • Bolton Spring Farm, Bolton
    • Brook Farm Orchard, Ashfield
    • Charlton Orchard, Inc., Charlton
    • Cider Hill Farm, Amesbury
    • Drew Farms, Westford
    • Green River Farms, Williamstown
    • Hyland Orchard Inc., Fiskdale
    • Lakeview Orchard, Lanesboro
    • Mann Orchards, Methuen
    • Marino Lookout Farm, South Natick
    • Meadowbrook Orchards, Sterling
    • Parker’s Orchard, Westborough
    • Peters Family Orchards and Cider Mill, Acushnet
    • Ragged Hill Orchard, West Brookfield
    • Red Apple Farm, Phillipston
    • Russell Orchards, Ipswich
    • Sholan Farms, Leominster
    • Tougas Family Farm, Northborough
    • Wheel-View Farm, Shelburne
  • Michigan

    • (A.W.) Overhiser Orchards, South Haven
    • Alber’s Orchard & Cider Mill, Manchester
    • Apple Valley Orchard, Saginaw
    • Bayne’s Apple Valley Farm, Freeland
    • Bennett’s Orchard, Ottawa Lake
    • Brainerd Farms, Onsted
    • Crane’s U-Pick, Fennville
    • Earth First Farms, Berrien Center
    • Elliotts Orchard, Bellaire
    • Erie Orchards and Cider Mill, Erie
    • Erwin Orchards U-Pick & Cider Mill, South Lyon
    • Evans Brothers Fruit Company, Frankfort
    • Flavorland Farms, Baroda
    • Forraht Farms, Berrien Springs
    • Friske Orchards & Farm Market, Ellsworth
    • Fruit Ridge Hayrides, Kent City
    • Grand View Orchard, Hudsonville
    • Granny’s Orchard, Eaton Rapids
    • Gull Meadow Farms, Richland
    • Hildebrand Fruit Farms, Berrien Springs
    • Husted Farm Market and Cider Mill, Kalamazoo
    • Jacques Orchard, Hemlock
    • Keeney Orchards, Tipton
    • Klackle Orchards, Greenville
    • Knaebe’s “Mmmunchy Krunchy” Apple Farm Cider Mill, Rogers City
    • Koan’s Orchard, Flushing
    • Kreps Apple Barn, LaSalle
    • Lewis Farm Market & Petting Farm, New Era
    • Long Family Orchard and Farm, Commerce
    • Markillie Orchard and Cider Mill, Howell
    • McCartney Farm, Sodus
    • Miller Family Orchard, Vassar
    • Miller’s Big Red Apple Orchard, Washington Twp
    • Moelker Orchards & Farm Market, Grand Rapids
    • Nye’s Apple Barn and Farms, St. Joseph
    • Orchard Beach Farm, Quincy
    • Orchard Hill Farm, Caledonia
    • Pankiewicz Cider Mill & Farm Market, Casco
    • Phillips Orchards & Cider Mill, Saint Johns
    • Porter’s Orchard Farm Market & Cider Mill, Goodrich
    • Red Apple Orchard, Britton
    • Rennhack Orchards, Hart
    • Ridgeway Farm Market, Bangor
    • Robinette’s Apple Haus and Winery, Grand Rapids
    • Schultz Fruitridge Farms, Mattawan
    • Sietsema Orchards & Cider Mill, Ada
    • Speaker Lone Oak Orchard, Melvin
    • Springhope Farm, Galien
    • Steffens Orchard Market, Sparta
    • Tompkins’ Orchard and Country Store, Vassar
    • Uncle John’s Cider Mill & Fruit House Winery, St. Johns
    • Uptegraff’s Orchard, Davison
    • VerHage Fruit Farms, Kalamazoo
    • Westview Farm, Mattawan
    • Westview Orchards & Winery, Romeo
    • Wiard’s Orchard and Country Fair, Ypsilanti
    • Hanulcik Farm Market, Ionia
  • Minnesota

    • Big Woods Orchard, Winona
    • Southwind Orchards, Dakota
    • Sunrise River Apple Farm, Wyoming
  • Missouri

    • Bear Creek Farms, Walnut Shade
    • Blue Heron Orchard, Canton
    • Centennial Farms, Augusta
    • Huffstutter Orchards, New Franklin
    • Jackson Country Orchard, Rolla
    • Kithcart’s Orchard, Rich Hill
    • Lehman Family Orchard, LLC, Spickard
    • Mother Earth Market LLC, Waverly
    • Ozark Mountain Orchards, Springfield
    • Peters Orchards & Market, Waverly
    • Schweitzer Orchards, St. Joseph
    • West Orchards, Macon
  • Nebraska

    • Apple Acres Orchard, Kearney
    • Degroot Orchards, Madison
    • Martin’s Hillside Orchard, Ceresco
    • Union Orchard, Union
    • Vala’s Pumpkin Patch & Orchard, Gretna
  • Nevada

    • Sweet Farm, Fallon
  • New Hampshire

    • Applecrest Farm Orchards, Hampton Falls
    • Appleview Orchard, Pittsfield
    • Butternut Farm LLC, Farmington
    • Carter Hill Orchard, Concord
    • Demeritt Hill Farm, Lee
    • Hackleboro Orchards, Canterbury
    • Hetnar Orchard Inc., Epping
    • Lull Farm, Hollis
    • Smith Orchard, Belmont
  • New Jersey

    • Alstede Farms, Chester
    • Apgar Cider Press, Phillipsburg
    • Battleview Orchards, Freehold
    • Beemerville Orchards, Sussex
    • Best’s Fruit Farm, Hackettstown
    • Colin’s Apple Pit, Montague
    • Crest Fruit Farm, Manalapan
    • DeCou’s Farm Market & Orchard, Shiloh
    • Delicious Orchards, Colts Neck
    • Demarest Farm, Hillsdale
    • Eastmont Orchards, Colts Neck
    • Everitt’s Fruit Farm, Lafayette
    • Fruitwood Farms, Inc., Monroeville
    • Green Market Farms, Inc., Hammonton
    • Heritage Station, Richwood
    • Hillview Farms, Gillette
    • John Himich Farms, East Brunswick
    • Johnson’s Corner Farm, Medford
    • Larchmont Farms, Inc., Elmer
    • Lee Turkey Farm, Hightstown
    • Longmeadow Farm, Hope
    • Mackeys Orchard, Belvidere
    • Matarazzo Farms, Belvidere
    • Mood’s Farm Market, Mullica Hill
    • Mountain Top Orchard, Glen Gardner
    • Neale’s Orchards Farm Market, Glassboro
    • Parks Farms, Chester
    • Peaceful Valley Orchards, Pittstown
    • Peaches Plus, Moorestown
    • Pleasant Valley Farm, Mays Landing
    • Pochuck Valley Farms Market and deli, Glenwood
    • Race’s Farm Market, Blairstown
    • Riamede Farm, Chester
    • Ripple Hill Farm, Basking Ridge
    • Robert Schober Orchards, Monroeville
    • Russo’s Fruit & Vegetable Farm, Inc., Tabernacle
    • Sandy Acres Market, Hightstown
    • Schober Sons, Inc., Monroeville
    • Shady Brook Farm, Egg Harbor City
    • Simone’s Apple Farm, Vineland
    • Stoneyfield Orchards, Belvidere
    • Strawberry Hill Farm, Chesterfield
    • Terhune Orchards, Princeton
    • Tree-Licious Orchards, Port Murray
    • Wightman’s Farm, Morristown
  • New Mexico

    • Alary Farm, Corrales
    • Cadwallader Mountain Farms, Mountain Park
    • Costanza Apple Orchard, Belen
    • Costanzas’ Orchards and A-Bee Honey, Edgewood
    • Fred & Ruby Martinez Orchards, Dixon
    • Manzanar Los Silvestres, Abiquiu
    • Manzano Mountain Retreat and Apple Ranch, Torreon
    • Pat Montoya’s Family Orchard, Velarde
    • Rancho Arco Iris, Dixon
    • Romero’s Orchard, Embudo
    • The Fruit Basket, Velarde
    • Von Bock Farm, Abiquiu
  • New York

    • Apple Barrel Orchards, Penn Yan
    • Apple Ridge Orchards, Warwick
    • Bellinger’s Apple Orchard, Fultonville
    • Bidwell Orchards, Fort Plain
    • Borden’s Orchard, Schaghticoke
    • Bowman Orchards, Rexford
    • Cherry Ridge Farms, Hudson
    • Dr. Davies Farm, Congers
    • Fishkill Farms, Hopewell Junction
    • G and S Orchards, Macedon
    • Goold Orchards, Castleton on Hudson
    • Grisamore Farms, Locke
    • Harvest Moon Farm & Orchard, North Salem
    • Hathaway Farms LLC, Ripley
    • Hurds Family Farm, Modena
    • Indian Ladder Farms Inc., Altamont
    • LoveApple Farms, Ghent
    • Masker Fruit Farms Inc., Warwick
    • Mead Orchards LLC, Tivoli
    • Minards Family Farm, Clintondale
    • Morgan Farms LLC, Marion
    • Ontario Orchards Farm, Market & Cider Mill, Sterling
    • Oriole Orchards, Red Hook
    • Prospect Hill Orchards, Milton
    • Rose Hill Farm, Red Hook
    • Rulfs Orchard, Peru
    • Samascott Orchard, Kinderhook
    • Seven Ponds Orchard, Water Mill
    • Smith’s Orchard Cider Mill, Lockport
    • Soons Orchards Inc., New Hampton
    • Spring Wagon Orchards, Penn Yan
    • Stone Ridge Orchard, Stone Ridge
    • Trapani Farm LLC, Milton
    • Weed Orchards, Marlboro
    • Whittier Fruit Farm, Rochester
    • Windy Hill Orchard & Farm Market, Cassville
  • North Carolina

    • AH & W Farm, Boomer
    • Billy Laughter Orchards, Hendersonville
    • Bohlen Farms, Chapel Hill
    • Brushy Mountain Farm&Orchard, Moravian Falls
    • Creasman Farms, Hendersonville
    • Devil Dog Orchard, Reidsville
    • DH Orchards, Moravian Falls
    • Haight Orchards, Reidsville
    • JH Stepp Farm’s Hillcrest Orchard, Hendersonville
    • Justus Orchards, Hendersonville
    • Lyda Farms, Hendersonville
    • Millstone Creek Orchards, Ramseur
    • Mountain Fresh Apples, Hendersonville
    • Old Cider Mill, Bat Cave
    • Piney Mountain Orchards, Hendersonville
    • River View Orchard, Arden
    • Silver Orchard, Bakersville
    • Skytop Orchards, Flat Rock
    • Sugar Loaf Orchards, Taylorsville
    • Tall Pine Apple Orchards, Hendersonville
    • The Orchard at Altapass, Little Switzerland
  • Ohio

    • Apple Hill Orchards, Mansfield
    • Arrowhead Orchard, Paris
    • Bauman Orchards, Rittman
    • Beckwith Orchards, Cider Mill and Gift Shop, Kent
    • Burnham Orchards, Berlin Heights
    • CherryHawk Farm, Marysville
    • Eshleman Fruit Farm, Clyde
    • Fuhrmann Orchards, Wheelersburg
    • Granville Orchard, Granville
    • Hidden Hills Orchard, Marietta
    • Highwater Orchard, Newark
    • Hoen’s Orchard and Market, Delta
    • Hucks Orchard, South Charleston
    • Hugus Fruit Farm, Rushville
    • Johnston Fruit Farms, Swanton
    • Legend Hills Orchard, Utica
    • Lynd Fruit Farm, Pataskala
    • M & M Orchard, Ashtabula
    • Monroe’s Orchard & Farm Market, LLC, Hiram
    • Moreland Fruit Farm, Wooster
    • Ochs Fruit Farm, Lancaster
    • Peifer Orchards, Yellow Springs
    • Richardson Farms, Medina
    • Rittman Orchards, Doylestown
    • Sunrise Farm Market, Garden & Gift, Burton
    • Tüken’s Farm Market and Orchard, West Alexandria
    • Votaw Farms, Pioneer
    • Wesler Orchards, New Paris
    • West Orchards, Perry
    • Weymouth Farms & Orchard, Hinckley
  • Oklahoma

    • High-Fence Farm LLC, Sand Springs
  • Oregon

    • Beilke Family Farm, Brooks
    • Bells Orchard, Beaverton
    • Haury Farms, Salem
    • Kiyokawa Family Orchards, Mount Hood Parkdale
    • Randall Pratt Farms, Grants Pass
    • Rasmussen Farms, Hood River
    • River Bend Farm/Pleasant Hill Orchard, Eugene
    • Territorial Road Orchard, Corvallis
    • Thomas Orchards, Kimberly
    • Thompson Creek Organics, Applegate
    • B&P Hitz Fruit Farm, Woodburn
  • Pennsylvania

    • Andrews Farm Market, Saint Thomas
    • Apple Castle, New Wilmington
    • Boyer Orchards, New Paris
    • Brown’s Orchard and Cider Company, McDonald
    • Brown’s Orchards & Farm Market, Loganville
    • County Line Orchard, Kempton
    • Dries Orchards, Sunbury
    • Emerald Cider Mill, Slatington
    • Flinchbaugh’s Orchard and Farm Market, Hellam
    • Godfrey Run Farm, LLC, Lake City
    • Graybill’s Fruit Farm, Richfield
    • Gulicks Fruit Farm, Bangor
    • Half Crown Hill Orchard, McDonald
    • Hollabaugh Brothers, Biglerville
    • Holy Root Farm, New Tripoli
    • Kauffman’s Fruit Farm, Bird-in-Hand
    • Kistaco Farm, Apollo
    • Klim Orchard, Lake Ariel
    • Masonic Village Farm Market, Elizabethtown
    • McConnells’ Farm, Aliquippa
    • Miles Orchard (Miles Farm Produce), Coudersport
    • Northrop’s Apple Acres, Lake City
    • Orton’s Fruit Farm, North East
    • Oyler’s Organic Farms, Biglerville
    • Pappy’s Orchard, Coopersburg
    • Paulus Orchards, Dillsburg
    • Rice Fruit Company, Gardners
    • Ringing Hill Orchards, Pottstown
    • Rocky Ridge Orchards, Kane
    • Shanesville Fruit Farm, Boyertown
    • Shaw Orchards, Stewartstown
    • Shenot Farm, Wexford
    • Simmons Farm, McMurray
    • Soergel’s Orchards, Wexford
    • Strites’ Orchard, Harrisburg
    • Sycamore Spring Orchard & Farm Market, Jonestown
    • Taggart’s Orchard, Washington
    • Townsend Brother’s Fruit Farm, Spring Church
    • Weaver’s Orchard, Morgantown
  • Rhode Island

    • Appleland Orchard, LLC, Greenville
    • Barden Family Orchard, North Scituate
    • Dame Farm & Orchards, Johnston
    • Rocky Brook Orchard, Middletown
    • Steere Orchard, Greenville
  • South Carolina

    • Blue Haven Orchards, Long Creek
    • Bryson’s Apple Orchard, Mountain Rest
    • Chattooga Belle Farm, Long Creek
  • South Dakota

    • Hoversten Orchards LTD, Brandon
  • Tennessee

    • Baxter’s Orchard, Cosby
    • Breeden’s Orchard & Country Store, Mount Juliet
    • Fairmount Orchard Inc., Signal Mountain
    • Hurricane Hollow Apple Orchards, Buffalo Valley
    • Indian Cave Orchards, New Market
    • Melody Orchard, Rogersville
    • Shade Tree Farm and Orchard, Adams
  • Texas

    • Sonlight Apple Orchard, Mason
    • Young’s Orchard, Wichita Falls
  • Utah

    • Burgess Orchards, Alpine
    • Fowers Fruit Ranch LLC, Genola
    • Glendale Orchard, Glendale
    • Little America Organic Fruit, New Harmony
    • McMullin Orchards, Payson
    • Olsen Orchard, Providence
    • Zollinger Fruit & Tree Farm, Inc, Logan
  • Virginia

    • Ayers Orchards, Cana
    • Berrier Farms, Inc., Cana
    • Carter Mountain Orchard, Charlottesville
    • Chiles Peach Orchard and Farm Market, Crozet
    • Crooked Run Orchard, Purcellville
    • Dickie Brothers Orchard, Roseland
    • Drumheller’s Orchard, Lovingston
    • Fitzgerald’s Orchard, Tyro
    • Graves Mountain Farm, Syria
    • Hill High Farm and “The Pumpkin Patch”, Winchester
    • Hollin Farms, Delaplane
    • Ikenberry Orchards, Daleville
    • Jenkins Orchard, Woodville
    • Johnson’s Orchards & Peaks of Otter Winery, Bedford
    • Kinzie (R.M.) Orchard Company, Troutville
    • Layman Orchards, Daleville
    • Marker-Miller Orchards Farm Market, Winchester
    • Morris Orchard, Monroe
    • Reed Orchard, Bent Mountain
    • Richard’s Fruit Market, Middletown
    • Rinker Orchards, Inc., Stephens City
    • Rock Hill Orchard, Monroe
    • Saunders Bros., Inc., Piney River
    • Showalter’s Orchard & Greenhouse, LLC, Timberville
    • Silver Creek and Seamans’ Orchards, Inc., Tyro
    • Stribling Orchard, Markham
    • Thornton River Orchard, Sperryville
    • Virginia Farm Market, Winchester
  • Washington

    • Borton Fruit, Yakima
    • Skipley Farm, Snohomish *** Feature Orchard ***
    • Tonnemaker Hill Farm, Royal City
  • West Virginia

    • Ruggles Orchard, Levels
  • Wisconsin

    • Door Creek Orchard, Cottage Grove
    • Hillside Apples, Casco
    • Orchard Store at Old Homestead, Franksville
    • Rim’s Edge Orchard, Germantown
    • Sacia Orchards, Galesville *** Feature Orchard ***
    • Sutter’s Ridge Orchard, Mt Horeb

United Kingdom

  • England – south-east

    • Kimpton Manor Apple Press, Andover

France

  • Poitou-Charente

    • Les Vergers de Vendée, Maureuil sur Lay

Canada

  • British Columbia

    • Apple Luscious Organic Orchards, Salt Spring Island
    • Blue Haze Farm, Victoria
    • Fruit Forest Certified Organic Farm, Cobble Hill
    • Orchard Corners Organics, Kelowna
    • Ravenskill Orchards, Gabriola Island
    • Roseridge Orchards, Kelowna
    • Spencer Hill Orchard, Grand Forks
  • New Brunswick

    • Verger Belliveau Orchard, Memramcook
  • Nova Scotia

    • Sarsfield Farms Inc., Canning
    • Vista Bella Farm Orchard and Apiary, Malagash
  • Ontario

    • DeVries Fruit Farm, Fenwick
    • Dixie Orchards, Caledon
    • Juicy-Fruit Orchards, Thedford
    • Kennette Apple Orchard, Lakeshore
    • Meleg’s Lakeview Orchard & Cider Mill, Kingsville
    • Moore Orchards, Cobourg
    • Mountain Orchards, Mountain
    • O’Keefe Grange, Dobbinton
    • T & K Ferri Orchards, Clarksburg
    • Wagner Orchard and Estate Winery, Maidstone
  • Quebec

    • Les Vergers de la Colline, Ste-Cécile de Milton

India

  • Himachal Pradesh

    • 98 Apple Orchards,
    • AC Orchards, Shimla
    • Happy Star Orchard, Shimla
    • R K Sahota Orchard, Chamba
    • Shiva Orchards, Kotgarh,
    • Singh Apple Estate, Shimla
    • Vishal Singh, Rohru

PHOTO: Golden Delicious Apple, courtesy, United States Dept. of Agriculture

There are few things as refreshing as a sweet tasting apple, and there are few apples that are as sweet to the taste as the Golden Delicious — which is why this apple is the sixth most sold variety in the entire nation according to the US Apple Association. This statistic is really impressive when you consider the fact that approximately 31 billion apples are harvested each year.

Despite its popularity, the Golden Delicious is actually a newcomer to the block — in fact, just about every American apple is an emigrant.

When European colonists first arrived in the new world they were disappointed to discover that their newfound continent did not contain any edible apples; the only apple trees in America were crab apples.

Soon, seeds from Europe were soon being planted throughout the colonies and in the years ahead, American settlers would begin to perfect the art of grafting — merging two separate plants in order to create a new type.

Among the nation’s founders, Thomas Jefferson was fascinated by the science of grafting apples and experimented with several apple varieties at his Monticello plantation.

In the century that followed, grafting apples would become a newfound hobby of civilizations of nearly every continent.

Rowan Jacobsen, author of Apples of Uncommon Character, says, “Every Granny Smith stems from the chance seedling spotted by Maria Ann Smith in her Australian compost pile in 1868.”

At the turn of the 20th century, new apple trees were turning up across the nation and West Virginia was no exception.

On October 18, 1962, the Charleston Daily Mail published an interview with an 87-year-old man, J.M. Mullins, who claimed to know the real history of the Golden Delicious apple tree.

“The true story of that first Golden Delicious apple tree never has been told. But son, I’m here to tell it now, for the first time. There are a lot of facts about that tree that haven’t been told before. Told straight, that is… What I’m telling you is fact. I was there.”

“I was born in 1876 on the farm where that apple tree later became famous. My dad was L. L. Mullins, who owned the farm.

“Now one day, when I was about 15 years old, that would have been about 1891, dad sent me out with a big old mowin’ scythe to mow the pasture field. I was swingin’ away with the scythe when I came across a little apple tree that had grown about 20 inches tall. It was just a new little apple tree that had volunteered there. There wasn’t another apple tree right close by anywhere.

“I thought to myself, ‘Now young feller, I’ll just leave you there,’ and that’s what I did. I mowed around it and on other occasions I mowed around it again and again, and it grew into a nice lookin’ little apple tree and eventually it was a big tree and bore apples. Now my dad later gave that piece of the farm in a trade to my brother, B. W. Mullins, and later still he traded the farm place to Uncle Anderson Mullins.

“Uncle Anderson had a brother-in-law named Gus Carnes, and one day Gus and Uncle Anderson decided to send some of the apples to the Star Brothers nursery to tell what kind of apple it was. And that was when the tree became famous and started the Golden Delicious apple line, for it was that tree that has produced every last one of the Golden Delicious apple trees that have ever grown anywhere.”

In 2010, an Italian-led consortium announced they had decoded the complete genome of the Golden delicious apple. It had the highest number of genes (57,000) of any plant genome studied to date.

On February 20, 1995, the Golden Delicious was designated the official state fruit of West Virginia by a Senate resolution and in 2013 the United States Postal Service issued a set of four 33¢ stamps commemorating apples, including the ‘Golden Delicious’.

West Virginia is the originator of many vegetable and fruit crops, including the apples Grimes Golden, and the Guyandotte, which is believed extinct.

Apple Facts

Looking for Apple Facts in 2020? Scroll down this page and follow the links. And if you bring home some fruit or vegetables and want to can, freeze, make jam, salsa or pickles, see this page for simple, reliable, illustrated canning, freezing or preserving directions. There are plenty of other related resources, click on the resources dropdown above.

If you have questions or feedback, please let me know! There are affiliate links on this page. Read our disclosure policy to learn more.

Apples are eaten fresh, cooked, canned, frozen and made into many tasty and healthy dishes. Apples are fat-free, low sodium, and cholesterol-free. A bushel weighs between 42 and 48 lbs. A medium apple has about 80 calories. Apples originated in the Middle East (in an area between the Caspin and the Black Sea) more than 4000 years ago! They were the favorite fruit of ancient Greeks and Romans. Apples arrived in England at around the time of the Norman conquest (in 1066) and English settlers brought them to America in the 1600 and 1700’s. Only the crabapple is native to North America. Johnny Appleseed did really exist; his name was John Chapman, and he was born on September 26,1774 near Leominster, Massachusetts. (For more about Johnny Appleseed, see this page!)

More Apple Facts and Fun!

  • A bushel of apples typically weighs between 42 and 48 lbs.
  • Apples are grown commercially in 36 states.
  • Apples are grown in all 50 states.
  • Europeans eat about 46 pounds of apples annually.
  • United States consumers ate an average of 45.2 pounds of fresh apples and processed apple products. That’s a lot of applesauce!
  • 61 percent of United States apples are eaten as fresh fruit.
  • 39 percent of apples are processed into apple products; 21 percent of this is for juice and cider.
  • The top apple producing states are Washington, New York, Michigan, California, Pennsylvania and Virginia, which produced over 83 percent of the nation’s 2001-crop apple supply.
  • Apples are a great source of the fiber pectin. One apple has five grams of fiber.
  • In 2001 there were 8,000 apple growers with orchards covering 430,200 acres. (don’t know how many of those are PYO).
  • The pilgrims planted the first United States apple trees in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • Apple trees take four to five years to produce their first fruit, but you normally buy 2 or 3 year plants at the nursery, so it’s only 2 years till they produce!
  • Most apples are still picked by hand in the fall.
  • Apple varieties range in size from a little larger than a cherry to as large as a grapefruit.
  • In Europe, France, Italy and Germany are the leading apple producing countries.
  • Apples are a member of the rose family.
  • Apples harvested from an average tree can fill 20 bushel boxes that weigh 42 pounds each.
  • 25 percent of an apple’s volume is air. That is why they float.
  • It takes the energy from 50 leaves to produce one apple.
  • Apples are the second most valuable fruit grown in the United States. Oranges are first.
  • In colonial time apples were called winter banana or melt-in-the-mouth.
  • China is the leading producer of apples with over 1.2 billion bushels grown in 2001. The U.S. is number 2 and then Turkey, Poland and Italy.
  • Newton Pippin apples were the first apples exported from America in 1768, some were sent to Benjamin Franklin in London.
  • One of George Washington’s hobbies was pruning his apple trees.
  • America’s longest-lived apple tree was reportedly planted in 1647 by Peter Stuyvesant in his Manhattan orchard and was still bearing fruit when a derailed train struck it in 1866.
  • A bushel of apples weights about 42 pounds (up to 48 lbs) and will yield 12 to 15 quarts of applesauce.
  • It takes about 36 apples to create one gallon of apple cider.

It’s all about the variety!

Of the apple, that is. There are

  • 2500 varieties of apples are grown in the United States.
  • 7500 varieties of apples are grown throughout the world.
  • About 100 different varieties of apples are grown commercially in the United States.

You really need to choose the type of apple that is best suited for your purpose. Apples can be suited for eating fresh, cooking, baking, applesauce, storing, etc. I have a fairly extensive guide to apple varieties here!

The top ten apple varieties currently grown in the United States are:

  1. Red Delicious
  2. Gala
  3. Golden Delicious
  4. Fuji
  5. Granny Smith
  6. McIntosh
  7. Honeycrisp
  8. Rome
  9. Empire
  10. Cripps Pink

Apple nutrition facts

  • Nutrition and miscellaneous facts: One-half cup of apples is only 42 calories. Apples contain no cholesterol or fat and are also low in calories. T Apples are high in dietary fiber, Vitamin A and niacin. They contain iron and other trace minerals and are a fair source of Vitamin C.
  • Apples are ranked No. 1 in antioxidant activity compared with 40 other commercially available fruits and vegetables. That means a serving of apples has more of the antioxidant power you need to fight aging, cancer and heart disease.
  • Put this in your pipe! Indians in the Northwest Territory smoked wild apples to preserve them for the winter. (Bet you didn’t know that!)

Canning apples – fully illustrated, with step-by-step instructions

  • How to make applesauce
  • How to make apple butter
  • NEW: How to make apple jelly
  • How to make apple pie filling (canned)
  • How to can apples

Recipes, illustrated with step by step instructions

  • Apple pie recipe and directions and illustrated! I can say, with, ahem, no bias at all, that this is the best apple pie recipe in the world! (Alright, I did have an apple strudel in Vienna once at that place listed in Fodors that was REALLY good, but that wasn’t a pie, was it? And since this was the recipe my grandmother used, it must be great!)
  • How to make applesauce for a single meal (not canning it) with NO special equipment
  • Apple crunch – best of all! Moist, low sugar and using oats!
  • Apple crisp – ever-popular, low sugar and using oats!
  • Apple, blackberry, cherry, and/or peach cobbler
  • Apple-blackberry, crumble – a English favorite (or favourite)
  • And the many apple associations listed on this page have more facts and resources

Current Season (2020) Apple News

The U.S. Apple Association’s estimate of the size of the 2014 United States apple crop is 263.8 million bushels. The USDA’s August 12th estimate was for 259.2 million bushels.

See this page for much more detailed information about the apple crop and apple production trends.

Apples-Average retail price per pound and per cup equivalent

Apple Festivals

Here is a list of major apple festivals in the U.S., Britain, Australia and other countries. If you know of any more, please write me! Feedback

For the month of September, I thought I’d try something a little different, and have all Difference Between and Food History posts be apple related.

Let’s have some fun as we head into apple season!

We’re going to start off with two of the most well known green apples: Golden Delicious and Granny Smith.

Before I really get into the heart of my apple posts, I have to share this amazing article I found on SeriousEats.com here.

A chef undertook an incredibly thorough experiment: 10 different apple pies from 10 different apples. There is a breakdown of which apples work better for flavor, texture, etc. I would highly recommend checking it out. That particular cook prefers to use one type of apple for one apple pie.

However, if you click on the link in the above picture, it brings you to a recipe for deep dish apple pie including both varieties we are highlighting here today.

Moving along. . .

For these apple Difference Betweens, I thought I would do a bullet list breakdown of facts, uses, etc., for each apple, with a separate list on the trees, followed by a little history on their origins and any other additional information.

A note on apple cider: It is my understanding that cider is best when made from a blend of many different apples. Therefore, for my apple Difference Betweens, none are specified as being great for cider, although they certainly can be.

Golden Delicious apples:

  • Are the state fruit of West Virginia.
  • Are not related to Red Delicious in any way.
  • Season begins in mid-September, and can go into the winter.
  • Are a light green to a pale yellow in color, with tender skin.
  • Have a crisp flavor exuding freshness.
  • Have a flesh that stays white on the inside fairly long.
  • Are good for folks with “touchy stomachs.”
  • Uses – best for applesauce and apple butter; decent for pies.

With the aforementioned pie experiment, Golden Delicious actually came in at an 8 out of 10 – the best of all 10 apples observed.

The chef notes that it’s both sweet and tart, the most perfect balance of flavor out of any of the other apples. The only complaint was that it could have been a bit firmer in texture.

Golden Delicious apple trees:

  • Are self-fruitful (most apple trees are not).
  • Have a long season.
  • Are quite frost resistant.
  • Are heavy fruit bearers.

The original Golden Delicious apple tree was a chance seedling uncovered in 1912 by a man named Anderson Mullins. This tree grew near Porter Creek in Clay County, West Virginia. And it produced Golden Delicious apples for almost 50 years.

(A “chance seedling” is a plant species discovered by chance.)

The Stark brothers of Stark Nurseries “discovered” this new kind of apple in 1914. After purchasing the tree from the Mullins’ family farm, the Stark Brothers took the apple to another level.

With heavy advertising, Golden Delicious soon became a nationwide treasure. John Harvey Kellogg, founder of the breakfast food company, wrote a letter to Stark Nurseries declaring the Golden Delicious the best apple he had ever tasted.

Each apple that exists today presumably is derived from a “parent” apple, although it can be unclear which types exactly. With Golden Delicious, it is believed to be a relative of Grimes Golden.

Today, Golden Delicious is still a beloved apple variety. There is an annual Clay County Golden Delicious Festival in West Virginia, where the apple was announced state fruit in 1995.

Granny Smith apples:

  • Are advantageous for their long shelf life.
  • Contain more antioxidants than most other apples.
  • Have an even light green color.
  • Have a later season, October/November.
  • Are slightly grainy.
  • Are crisp and crunchy.
  • Are extremely tart.
  • Uses – are considered an all-purpose apple. Because of their tart taste, they’re better for eating fresh than cooking. However, their acidity helps them maintain their shape well when baked.

With regards to the apple pie experiment, Granny Smith was rated a 5 out of 10. Not surprisingly, the flavor was described as tart, with the texture very firm and crunchy.

The chef said, “It holds up almost indefinitely when cooking. They have good brightness, but not much apple-y flavor.”

Granny Smith apple trees:

  • Are not self-fruitful – Golden Delicious is one of the recommended varieties to pair with Granny Smith trees.
  • Are one of the fastest growing apple trees.
  • Are easy to grow.
  • Grow in many different soils.
  • Are not terribly susceptible to disease.
  • Produce apples that always stay green; they do not change color to indicate ripening, like most other apples.

The origin of the Granny Smith apple begins, appropriately, with a woman dubbed “Granny Smith.” Indeed, Granny Smith was a real person.

Maria Ann Sherwood of England married and became Maria Ann Smith when she was only 19. Maria Ann was from a farmer family. When word came around that Australia needed farmers, she and her husband boarded a boat in 1838. An orchard was developed.

In 1868, when Maria Ann was 69, she found the seedling – a chance seedling, as with Golden Delicious – growing from French crabapples she had planted. Today, it is believed that the Granny Smith apple is a cross between those foreign crabapples and apples domestic to Australia.

The apple became popular across New Zealand as well as Australia. Unfortunately, Maria Ann never saw her apples gain the recognition they deserved, as she passed away in 1870. That’s just two years after she discovered the seedling.

For more on the history of Granny Smith, this article goes in depth.

In the early 1890s, the Granny Smith apple won a prize for Best Cooking Apple at an Australian Agricultural and Horticultural Show. The apple traveled to the UK in the 1930s, and made its way to the United States by the 1970s.

As there is a Golden Delicious Festival, there is also a Granny Smith Festival. It’s held in Ryde, New South Wales.

Both Golden Delicious and Granny Smith were two of four apples featured on 33-cent stamps; the others were Northern Spy and Baldwin.

What’s THE Perfect Apple? We Tried 10 and Ranked Them Worst to Best

The approach of fall means it’s apple season—but not all apples are worthy of picking.

Some grocery stores simply have too many to choose from (our local shop had 10), so how do you decide which apple is right for you? We tried them all and ranked them for your convenience below so you won’t have to.

10. Red Delicious

The Red Delicious apple may be the quintessential red fruit, but in our humble opinion, it’s the worst-tasting of the bunch. The flesh tends to be soft and mealy, and no matter what stage the apple is at, it tends to taste bland and overripe. Don’t even get us started on that bitter, bitter peel.

9. Golden Delicious

Why must apples with “delicious” in the name be so misleading? The yellow-green skin of a Golden Delicious apple may look appealing, but this apple has the same texture problem as the Red Delicious. It does have more going for it in the flavor department, balancing a bit of tart sweetness, but it’s certainly not as flavorful as its name suggests.

8. Granny Smith

This may be an unpopular opinion, but Granny Smith apples need a little extra to really shine. They are incredibly sour—definitely the sourest of the apples we tasted—and are tough to eat without puckering up and squinting. Obviously, a caramel dip elevates this apple to the highest tier, but a little salt can be an excellently refreshing addition, too.

7. Envy

The Envy apple is gorgeous on the outside, but we were shocked to discover its taste. We kid you not, it tastes exactly like a pear with an apple texture. There’s nothing wrong with pears, but if we’d wanted a pear, we could have bought a pear!

6. Pink Lady

The Pink Lady apple has a unique appearance with lightly dimpled skin and smoothly blended streaks of a light yellow-green and pink. On the inside, it’s crisp and quite sweet, with a hint of tartness. Its downfall is that the core on this apple is huge. No one likes that tough interior and those big ‘ol seeds to impede their munching.

5. Fuji

The classic Fuji apple is another that’s brilliantly colored and crisp. If you’re not into tart apples, this one will probably jump to the top of your list. It’s sweeter than any other apple we tried, and while it may not have the most complex flavor, it’s pretty tasty.

4. SweeTango

If we were ranking apples based on cuteness, there’s no doubt the SweeTango would be No. 1. The skin is a bright pink-red with dapples almost resembling polka dots. But the apple is super juicy and tastes great, too. At the beginning of each bite, the SweeTango tastes like it’s going to be incredibly tart and sour, but the flavor sweetens toward the end of the bite. It’s the perfect lunchbox apple.

3. Gala

Gala apples are another staple, and there’s a reason for it. They may be softer than trendier apple varieties, but what the lack in crispness they make up for in pure flavor. It has a great balance between sweet and tart, and it’s also one of the least expensive at the grocery store. It’s a win-win.

2. Braeburn

We love the Braeburn apple’s striped red and yellow appearance, but its flavor is even better. It’s on the tart side, but the sourness is pleasantly subtle, and its crispness is close to perfect. It was also the priciest apple we encountered during our taste test.

1. Jazz

The Jazz apple is a very special apple indeed. It’s bright red, very crisp and has just the right balance of sweetness and tartness in every bite. The flavor is never too subtle or overwhelming, and the hint of pear taste is just right. As far as designer apples go, this one wins the prize.

Apples can be art, too. Click HERE to see some jaw-dropping carved fruit art.

Malus domestica ‘Golden Delicious’ (Semi-Dwarf Apple)

One of the world’s great apple varieties, Malus domestica ‘Golden Delicious’ is a culinary or dessert cultivar with a profusion of fragrant, white flowers in late mid-season (mid-late spring). Draped in clusters along the branches, they are truly a sight to behold. The flowers attract bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. They are followed in fall by heavy, regular crops of medium to large, greenish-yellow apples becoming bright golden-yellow as they mature. Exceptionally sweet, crisp, juicy, aromatic, they are flavorful and snack-worthy, perfect for eating, cooking, making salad and sauces. Golden Delicious is self-fertile but requires pollination by a tree of another variety with the same bloom period for better yields, such as Fuji, Gala or Red Delicious. This is a heavily bearing cultivar that is heat-tolerant and cold-hardy. Discovered by a West Virginia farmer in the 19th century, Golden Delicious remains as popular as ever. Beautiful in bloom, heavy with luscious apples, picturesque when old, apple trees are very rewarding additions to the landscape.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 12-15 ft. tall and wide (3-5 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in deep, loamy, moderately fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Prefers a sheltered, frost-free position.
  • Since edible apple cultivars do not grow well on their own roots, most varieties have been grafted onto rootstocks and are classified as dwarf (8-10 ft, 2-3 m), semi-dwarf (12-15 ft, 3-5 m) and standard (18-25 ft, 5-8 m). The fruit itself is full size and not dwarfed. Dwarf or semi-dwarf apple trees offer some benefits: they produce fruit at an earlier age and are easier to manage (spray, prune and harvest).
  • Apples should be pruned every year to get the best crop. They also need to be thinned to about 8 in. apart (20 cm) if you want to reap the best-quality fruit.
  • This deciduous apple tree adds a charming presence, tucked into a shrub border or planted as a specimen.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids, woolly aphid, rosy apple aphid, fruit tree red spider mite, mussel scale, codling moth, caterpillars, Apple scab, apple canker, powdery mildews, blossom wilt and honey fungus.
  • Propagate by chip budding or grafting onto a clonal rootstock for fruit.

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