Golden chain tree zone

Golden-chain Tree

Golden-chain tree is a stunning, small tree noted for its long, pendulous clusters of flowers. A member of the pea family, Laburnum x Watereri is a hybrid cross between the common and Scotch laburnum. Golden-chain tree is native to Europe and widely planted there. All plant parts contain cytisine, an alkaloid that is toxic to children, adults, and livestock if eaten.

Description of golden-chain tree: This vase-shaped tree grows about 10 to 15 feet high in cultivation. Short-lived, pealike, yellow blossoms, 6 to 10 inches long, cascade from its branches. Its bright green foliage is composed of three leaflets, and the bark is pleasantly olive green.


Growing golden-chain tree: Plant laburnum in well-drained soil. Find a sheltered spot away from windy spots and hot, noonday sun. Its bark is prone to sunscald in winter if poorly placed, and its foliage can get burned if used in dry or windy sites. It does not thrive in hot, humid regions.

Uses for golden-chain tree: This plant is best used as an accent plant in the shrub border. Avoid street use.

Related varieties of golden-chain tree: Laburnocytisus adamii is a true botanical curiosity. It occurred when a plant of Cytisus purpureus was grafted onto a stalk of Laburnum anagyroides and produced a single branch showing characteristics of both parents. Cuttings taken from this branch produced a small tree that moves back and forth between both parents. Its flowers can be pinkish purple, yellow, or purple and yellow; its foliage is sometimes like that of a golden-chain tree, sometimes like that of a broom (Cytisus), and sometimes intermediate between the two.

Scientific name of golden-chain tree: Laburnum x Watereri

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Golden Chain tree (Laburnum Anagyroides) 10 seeds

Brilliant and cheerful strings of yellow flowers drape down from the branches of the golden chaintree in late spring. It is a delightful, spreading small deciduous tree from southern Europe (France to Croatia). In spring the newly emerging leaves are hairy and gray-green and eventually expand to the mature dark green color. There are three oval leaflets on each compound, trifoliate leaf. By late spring the sparsely-spaced branches are loaded with bright yellow pea-like blossoms that dangle together in variable-length strings (racemes). Small pods of toxic seeds follow if the blossoms were pollinated by bees.
Plant golden chaintree in a full to partial sun situation in any average, fertile garden soil with good drainage. Holding its sparse branches quite upright, it has a tendency to drop or abort its lowest ones. It will perform much better in gardens that are not hot in the summer, including having more long-lasting blossoms. In regions with great temperature variation between winter and summer this tree will likely be short-lived. Remove seedpods as they form so the tree focuses its energy on leaf and stem growth. Grow it as a specimen tree or as part of the mixed border or a residential foundation planting. (info source:
Genus – Laburnum
Species – Anagyroides
Common name – Golden Chain tree
Pre-Treatment – Not-required
Hardiness zones – 5 – 7
Height – 18′-25′ / 5.5m – 7.6m
Spread – 12′-20′ / 3.7m – 6.1m
Plant type – Shrub/Tree
Vegetation type – Ornamental decidious
Exposure – Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate – Medium
Soil PH – Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type – Clay, laom, Sand, well drained
Water requirements – Average Water
Landscape uses – Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border
Germination rate – 90%
Bloom season – Late Spring, Early Summer
Leaf / Flower color – Green / Yellow

Laburnum Tree Information: Tips On Growing Goldenchain Trees

The Laburnum goldenchain tree will be the star of your garden when it is in flower. Small, airy and graceful, the tree decks itself out in springtime with golden, wisteria-like flower panicles that droop from every branch. The one downside of this pretty ornamental tree is the fact that every part of it is toxic. Read on for more Laburnum tree information, including how to grow a Laburnum tree.

Laburnum Tree Information

The Laburnum goldenchain tree (Laburnum spp.) only grows some 25 feet tall and 18 feet wide, but it is a magnificent sight in the backyard when it’s covered with golden blossoms. The drooping, 10-inch flower clusters are incredibly showy when they appear on the deciduous tree in springtime.

The leaves appear in small clusters. Each leaf is oval and stays green until the time it falls from the tree in autumn.

How to Grow a Laburnum Tree

If you are wondering how to grow a Laburnum tree, you’ll be glad to know that the Laburnum goldenchain tree is not too picky. It grows in direct sunlight and partial sun. It tolerates almost any type of soil, as long as it is not waterlogged, but it prefers well-drained alkaline loam. Caring for Laburnum trees is easiest in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5b through 7.

Growing goldenchain trees requires pruning when they are young. The healthiest and most attractive trees grow on one strong leader. When you are caring for Laburnum trees, prune out secondary leaders early to help the trees develop strong structures. If you expect foot or vehicle traffic beneath the tree, you’ll have to prune its canopy back as well.

Since the roots of the Laburnum goldenchain tree are not invasive, don’t hesitate to start growing goldenchain trees near your home or driveway. These trees also work well in containers on the patio.

Note: If you are growing goldenchain trees, remember that all parts of the tree are toxic, including leaves, roots and seeds. If enough is ingested, it may be fatal. Keep children and pets well away from these trees.

Laburnum trees are often used on arches. One cultivar frequently planted on arches is the award-winning ‘Vossii’ (Laburnum x waterii ‘Vossii’). It is appreciated for its abundant and stunning blossoms.

SelecTree: Tree Detail

General Notes

A hybrid between Laburnum alpinum × Laburnum anagyroides.

Golden Chain Tree is an attractive, slow growing tree for lawns and moderately moist landscapes. Young trees develop a tall, ovoid form in full sun exposures, with consistent watering, in loose fertile soils. Branches droop but resistant breakage. It does not tolerate drought, and its appearance suffers in adverse conditions. The seed pods may be considered unsightly, but do not pose a serious maintenance issue. It is relatively pest free, except for occasional aphids. Its height generally remains below 25′.

Native to the mountains of Southern Europe.

Family: Fabaceae


Laburnum watereri
Laburnum alpinum × Laburnum anagyroides.

Tree Characteristics

Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 – 30 feet.

Width: 10 – 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Green Pod, Medium to Large (0.50 – 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.

Bark Brown, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves and Twigs.

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