Ginkgo biloba tree leaf

Ginkgo Trees

The Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) is also called the Maidenhair tree because it resembles Maidenhair ferns. It is truly unique and has no close living relatives.

It’s also one of the oldest living types of trees. Botanical gardens around the world feature this beautiful “living fossil.” You’ll be proud to own one.

Yes, this is the tree used in Ginkgo biloba supplements to improve memory, symptoms of dementia and blood flow. Specimens are reported to exist around China that are over 1800 years old. Bet you didn’t know how pretty it is!

The leaves on the Ginkgo are an interesting fan shape that flutters in the slightest breeze. They are dark green leaves from spring to summer, usually 2-4 inches but can sometimes be up to 6 inches long.

The Gingko has long been appreciated for its well-behaved root system. This is a great tree for use around walkways and patios, because the roots stays deep and are not prone to lift pavement. This is why the tree has become a very popular street tree.

Once established, the Gingko requires little maintenance or pruning. Typically it has a lovely canopy that grows with perfect balance.

In autumn, the beautiful leaves turn a brilliant, saturated yellow. This is one of the most favored and popular characteristics of the Ginkgo tree. They simply glow in the landscape and make a heart-catching addition to the season.

When those leaves turn a brilliant and clear yellow, you will find that the Ginkgo leaves may all fall in one very short period of a day or two. It’s a marvelous display as the leaves blanket the ground beneath almost overnight. That also makes lawn cleanup easy!

Place it where you’ll see the fall color display. This gorgeous deciduous tree is perfect for a street tree, shade tree or as a lawn tree. Order yours today!

How to Use Ginkgo Trees in the Landscape

Ginkgo trees tolerate a very wide range of conditions and are simply not bothered by insect or disease problems. Use them in your shelterbelts and windbreaks to add some diversity to the barrier. They tolerate open windy areas well.

Ginkgo are slow to establish. But once they get going, they will be there for the rest of your life.

Include them in your mulched beds and under plant them with smaller shrubs and perennials that can take shady conditions.

Use them as you would an Oak tree. These are rugged trees. They’ll be perfect in hot, dry climates, and tolerate urban air pollution.

Of course, Bonsai enthusiasts should consider these “real deal” trees for their collection.

#ProPlantTips for Care

The Ginkgo tree can tolerate most anything. As long as the drainage is good, it does well in poor soil, compacted soil and can withstand drought, winter salt and even air pollution. They are usually deep rooted and resistant to snow and wind damage.

It will perform best in full sun, so site it carefully. Tough, strong, and very resilient…that is a Ginkgo!

The Ginkgo Tree can live 1,000 or more years. This native to China has been around since the dinosaurs and is as beautiful as it is beneficial.

It is a conversation starter that would be an interesting – and useful – addition to any yard. Order yours today!

Ginkgo Tree

Unique Leaves for Bright Yellow Fall Foliage

Why Ginkgo Trees?

Colorful, unique foliage, as well as pest and drought resistance, set the Ginkgo Tree apart. An unusual ornamental tree famous for its interesting shape and vibrant foliage, the Ginkgo stands out with its tall, rounded form and delicately-crafted leaves.
In fact, this is one of the first trees to change colors in the autumn months. While other trees are still green, the Ginkgo transitions to a fluorescent yellow. And it thrives all over the United States. It’s especially perfect for urban areas since it won’t be bothered by smog and other pollution.

Why is Better
At our nursery, we stock the male variety of the Ginkgo; this has a number of advantages over the female variety of this tree. Unlike the female Ginkgo, the male does not bear fruit, which fall to the ground and cause a sticky mess. And because it does not bear fruit, the male Ginkgo doesn’t emit the bad smell commonly associated with some Ginkgos.

But the best part about growth at our nursery is that it means a head start for you and long-lived, healthy results in your own landscape. Adaptable to many different types of soil, our Ginkgo is also resistant to pests and will be drought resistant in maturity.

So, reap the rewards of our hard work at the nursery. Get your own Ginkgo Tree today!

Planting & Care

1. Planting: Select a spot that takes the mature height and width of your Ginkgo Tree into consideration. And give it an area surrounded by well-draining, preferably sandy soil, as well as ample sunlight.

When you’re ready to plant, dig a hole twice as wide and a little deeper than the root ball. Soak the Ginkgo Tree in a bucket of water before planting. Once the roots are hydrated, place the tree in the hole. The surface of the root ball should be about 1 inch below ground level. Replace the soil you removed from the bottom of the hole, filling in around the root ball, then water the planting site.

2. Watering: Water your Ginkgo Tree regularly each week and more often as necessary during hot, dry periods.

3. Fertilizing: There is no need to add fertilizer as Ginkgo Trees will thrive with the nutrients available in the soil. If you do, you can fertilize with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in the spring.

4. Pruning: Pruning early to develop one central leader is highly recommended to ensure healthy, strong development.

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Ginkgo Tree Care: How To Grow A Ginkgo Tree

Just what are Ginkgo biloba benefits, what is ginkgo and how can one grow these useful trees? Read on for the answers to these questions and tips for growing ginkgo trees.

Gingko trees are deciduous, hardy shade trees with unique fan-shaped leaves which are linked to a primitive family of trees commonly found 160 million years ago in China. Considered to be the world’s oldest living species of tree, geological evidence of ginkgos have been dated to the Mesozoic era, some 200 million years ago!

Ginkgo trees are planted around temple sites in Japan and considered to be sacred. These trees produce an herbal product popular around the world, most specifically in Asian cultures.

Ginkgo Biloba Benefits

The ancient medicinal by-product resulting from ginkgo trees is derived from the seeds of the tree. Long touted for its benefits in improving memory/concentration (Alzheimer’s disease and dementia), Ginkgo biloba purported benefits also include relief from PMS symptoms, eye problems like macular degeneration, dizziness, leg pains associated with circulation issues, Tinnitus, and even MS symptoms.

Ginkgo biloba is not regulated or sanctioned by the FDA and is listed as an herbal product. A note on Ginkgo trees seeds: avoid products that contain fresh or roasted seeds as they contain a toxic chemical which can result in seizures or even death.

How to Grow a Ginkgo Tree

Also called the maidenhair tree, ginkgo trees are long living, drought and pest resistant, and incredibly strong; so strong in fact, they were the only trees to survive following the Hiroshima atomic bomb attack. These trees may grow to a height of 80 feet; however, they are slow growers and as such will work well in many garden areas within USDA zones 4-9.

Ginkgos have a gorgeous yellow fall color and have a spreading habitat which varies dependent upon the cultivar. Autumn Gold is a male cultivar with good fall color and both Fastigiata and Princeton Sentry® are columnar male forms. Male forms of gingko trees are mentioned, as the fruiting females tend to have an incredibly nasty odor described by many as smelling of, well, vomit. Hence, it is recommended that one plants only male trees.

Tips for Growing Ginkgo

Ginkgo trees are multi-purpose in their uses as they make wonderful shade trees, specimen plants (including amazing bonsai) and street trees. As street trees, they are tolerant of city conditions such as air pollution and road salt.

Although they may need to be staked when saplings, once they have attained some size, staking is no longer required and the trees may also be transplanted with great ease and no fuss.

As the tree is amazingly easy going about almost everything, including the pH of its soil, gingko tree care does not require a lot of finesse. When planting, ginkgo tree care will include setting in deep, well-draining soil in an area of full to partial sun.

Regular watering and a well balanced fertilizer regime is also recommended, at least until maturation — about the time it reaches 35 to 50 feet tall! Seriously though, gingko tree care is a simple process and will result in many years of shade from this ornamental botanical “dinosaur.”

The Ginkgo biloba or silver apricot is a very ornamental tree thanks to the beauty of its leaves and its sprightly, elegant bearing.

Key Ginkgo biloba facts

Name – Ginkgo biloba
Family – Ginkgoaceae
Type – tree

Height – 50 to 85 feet (15 to 25 meters)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – well-drained

Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – May to July

If well planted, it will quickly become one of the most beautiful trees of your garden from spring to fall.

  • Read also: health benefits of Ginkgo biloba for the body

Planting of Ginkgo biloba

Preferably in spring or fall but at all costs avoid freezing or sweltering hot weather.

Soil type is irrelevant, because Ginkgo biloba is a tree that adapts well to any type of soil.

  • More important is selecting a well-lit area that isn’t too hot.
  • Follow our advice on planting trees.

You’ll have to water it over the first few years after the planting to stimulate its growth. It is quite slow at the beginning but then speeds up as years go by.

Pruning and caring for Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba is a simply beautiful tree, and it needn’t be pruned unless it absolutely necessary for reasons such as growing too large.

  • No pruning is formally required.
  • If you simply wish to balance out its shape, best prune at the end of winter.

Learn more about Ginkgo biloba

The silver apricot is one of the most resilient plants on the planet.

And it also is the most ancient tree family that is known to us, since traces of it have been found that date back to over 270 million years.

Many specimens are over 200 years old. This tree also is the only plant to have survived the Hiroshima atomic blast. It now can be grown as a “symbol of peace” in your own garden!

The leafage is amazing and turns into a magnificent yellow color in fall.

Ginkgo is used more in more in cities because it resists pollution very well.

  • Read also: health benefits of ginkgo biloba for the body

Smart tip about Ginkgo biloba

If you like the art of bonsai, this tree is particularly well suited to it!

Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Young ginkgo tree by MyungHyun Kim under license
Ginkgo fruit by Apro Choi under license
Ginkgo or maidenhair leaves by Christel Funk under license

Ginkgo Bonsai Tree Care Guide (Ginkgo biloba)

The art of growing Bonsai trees is slowly growing in popularity. What once was only found in Oriental gardens is now becoming more common in households all over the world, and the variety of these bonsai plants has definitely been a factor in their increasing appeal.

The small size of these potted trees allows for them to be conveniently grown in homes and gardens of all sizes.

However, growing these trees is definitely not a simple task, and each particular species of bonsai trees requires care that is unique to it.

However, for the Ginkgo Bonsai tree, the benefits given by the trees leaves may be well worth the care needed to invest in it to allow for its optimal growth.

Scientific/Botanical Name Ginkgo biloba
Description A deciduous tree, the gingko’s form is columnar in shape, and its leaves are shaped like fans. The tree is indigenous to China, and dates to prehistory.
Position The tree grows well in full-sun to part-sun. However, for the best display of yellow leaves in the fall, it requires maximum levels of sunlight.
Watering Keep the soil moist during the growth phase, but keep it dry over the winter months.
Feeding Feed the tree every two weeks from spring to mid-summer, and during the months of September and October.
Leaf and Branch Pruning Prune the tree according to its natural shape. Prune back the newest branches to only two or three buds. If the large branches are cut, the scars will always remain visible, so avoid cutting them if at all possible. Thin out leaf clusters, leaving only the outermost two or three leaves.
Re-potting & Growing Medium Re-pot young trees every year. More mature trees should be re-potted every two or three years.
Wiring Light wiring may be undertaken between spring and fall. However, care must be exercised so as not to damage the delicate tree bark.
Notes Seeds from female gingko trees give off a rancid and offensive odor. The bonsai gingko tree rarely bears fruit, however, so odor from seeds is unlikely to become an issue.


Like most bonsai trees, the Ginkgo Bonsai is simply the “miniature” version of its full grown “parent” trees. More specifically, the Ginkgo Bonsai is the potted and manicured version of the commonly known Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to Asia that is known for its medicinal benefits.

One of the only known living trees that has no currently known close relatives, the Ginkgo biloba is unique in its ability to grow in terrain that is typically perceived as “harsh.”

For example, these trees are capable of sprouting along cliff banks and other rocky surfaces. When not confined to bonsai trimming and potted conditions, Ginkgo biloba trees can grow to an impressive 35 meters, and some of these trees in China have been reported to be as tall as 50 meters.

However, when grown as a bonsai plant, Ginkgo trees will only grow as tall as their pots (which limit root expansion) and trimming (which limits vertical and horizontal expansion) allow.

Unlike some bonsai trees that are coniferous, the Ginkgo biloba is actually a leafy tree. In fact, it was the lobed leaves of the tree that gave it its alternative name—the Madenhair tree, after the Madenhair fern that has similar leaves.

The large lobed leaves of all Ginkgo biloba plants are a brilliant green during the spring and summer and a bright yellow during the fall. Ginkgo trees are dioecious in nature, a fact that is very important when considering the cultivation of these beneficial plants.

Male Ginkgo trees produce small pollen cones while female Ginkgo trees have only two ovules at the end of their stalks. These ovules may develop into seeds following fertilization and resemble a small fruit in appearance.

However, the smell of these crushed fruits is extremely bitter, due to the butyric acid contained within.

Medicinal And Culinary Benefits

Despite the foul odor of the fruit of this plant, the nuts of Ginkgo trees are used in many dishes in Asia. Chinese cooking often uses Ginkgo nuts in congee dishes while Thai desserts include Ginkgo nuts as well.

Additionally, the leaves of all Ginkgo trees are often used for medicinal purposes. Extracts from Ginkgo biloba leaves contain glycosides and terpenoids, compounds that have been indicated to improve cognitive ability and possibly delay the onset of memory loss.

The benefits of Ginkgo leaf extracts on preventing memory loss and the onset of dementia or Alzheimer’s symptoms are somewhat controversial; while the largest study currently published found no difference in preventing the onset of Alzheimer’s in normal patients (aged 75 or older), a smaller study conducted using the exact same Ginkgo extract formula concluded that using these extracts significantly improved memory and cognitive ability in patients suffering from early stages of dementia.

The general conclusion from these studies is that while Ginkgo leaves may improve memory for individuals already suffering from loss of neurological functioning, these leaves are not truly beneficial in preventing the onset of these diseases.

Other benefits of the leaves of Ginkgo bonsai plants may include improving conditions for individuals suffering from low blood flow to the brain (cerebrovascular insufficiencies).

Additionally, some studies have shown that Ginkgo leaf extracts may also be beneficial for anyone suffering from Raynaud’s disease. At the same time, clinical studies in India proven that this tree’s extracts can also be used to treat the onset of vitiligo.

However, this treatment for stopping the spread of vitiligo (a skin disease) is also highly dependent upon other environmental conditions (like exposure to the sun).

Care And Maintenance

Like most other bonsai plants, Ginkgo bonsai trees require careful maintenance and specific growing conditions. Young Ginkgo bonsai plants should be repotted every spring, preferably just before any new leaves appear; a young ginkgo bonsai plant is considered to be any tree that is under 10 years of age.

Since Ginkgo trees grow naturally in harsher conditions, the ideal potting soil for Ginkgo bonsai plants should be fairly dry and contain about a 10% ratio of course sand and grit. Young trees should be well watered during their periods of growth, but their pots should still allow for ease in draining any excess water in order to prevent root rot.

Ginkgo bonsai trees should be kept in an area well exposed to the sun during all seasons; however, to prevent their roots from freezing, Ginkgo bonsai trees should be kept inside during the wintertime.

Ginkgo bonsai trees are extremely sensitive to pruning, and pruning should be kept to a minimum whenever possible since the pruning scars on these trees do not heal with time.

Pruning should only be done in either the spring or the fall; to prune Ginkgo bonsai trees, clip away leaf clusters to reduce the clusters to just two or three leaves, always keeping the top leaf on the outside.

The best shape for a Ginkgo bonsai tree is its natural shape, but its leaf clusters allow for it to be pruned into a decent broom-like shape if desired. If a Ginkgo bonsai tree requires wiring to maintain its desired shape, then only a very thin, delicate wire should be used since these trees have such fragile bark.

Again, Ginkgo bonsai trees scar very easily and using a thick wire can result in unwanted scarring.

Ginkgo biloba is a graceful, long-lived tree. The last living species of of its kind, ginkgo is ancient and beautiful. With every other species being extinct, this is an utterly unique plant. Ready to learn all kinds of interesting ginkgo tree facts?

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Ginkgo is a popular, graceful addition to urban landscapes. Its reputation as a memory booster makes it popular in natural wellness stores as well. Of course, there’s so much more to the Ginkgo plan than its ability to improve memory and beautify cityscapes.

Let’s take a look at this mysterious and beautiful tree and learn some of its more unusual secrets.

1. The Basics

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Ginkgo biloba is popularly known as the Maidenhair tree. Its leaves look similar to the common maidenhair fern that abounds in England, which is one reason for the nickname. The other is the cascade of golden leaves that grace the tree in fall.

Its leaves are well loved by urban planners because of their graceful shape and bright yellow, autumnal color. Ginkgo trees tend to turn gold all at once, creating an absolutely stunning display.

2. Emblems of Longevity

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This tree is native to China, where these trees for their symbolic representation of yin and yang, as well as for their many uses in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

Since these trees can live for over a thousand years, the trees are considered symbols of longevity and good health. Give a ginkgo bonsai to an older relative as a birthday present and wish them “100 years” of happiness!

3. Males Only, Please!

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One of the most interesting ginkgo tree facts is that urban planners only use male ginkgo trees for ornamental growth and landscaping.

This is because female trees produce a foul-smelling seed (or fruit). The fruit stinks like rancid butter, which is designed to attract carnivorous animals—possibly dinosaurs, long ago! Male trees merely produce pollen, so they’re far more appealing to have around.

Choosing male-only trees can cause some biodiversity issues in cityscapes. Without female trees, ginkgos never have the chance to really settle into a new area.

4. Tougher than the Average Tree

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Ginkgos are one of the most hardy trees in the modern world. In fact, some urban trees have been going strong for over 100 years. Here’s a tidbit for you: ginkgos were the first trees to begin growing again after the atomic attack on Hiroshima! Six ginkgo trees survived the blast and are still thriving today.

These really are amazing plants. These trees are even resistant to many insects—they’re actually extremely unattractive to most insects. Bugs tend to avoid ginkgo trees, as the tree emits a toxin that repels them.

5. Bye-Bye Birdy

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Since ginkgo trees repel insects, they tend not to attract many birds either. Birds like to alight in trees to rest and eat. But ginkgo seeds don’t appeal to birds, and the trees are bare of bugs. Therefore, many birds will only stop briefly in ginkgo trees before moving on to tastier pastures.

6. Pollution Resistors

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Ginkgo trees are pollutant resistant as well. These trees can handle conditions that would cause a less-hardy tree to struggle. The average life expectancy of urban trees is about 10 years, because of the pollution and stresses of city life. Ginkgo trees, however, beat all the odds.

7. Either Tall or Tiny

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Ginkgos can grow up to 150 feet tall. Left to their own devices, they’ll end up towering above the earth. Of course, when carefully pruned and trained, they can also grow beautifully in miniature form. They’re popular trees in the art of Bonsai, where trees are only allowed to grow about a foot tall in carefully curated pots.

8. Truly Ancient Trees

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These trees are living fossils. They’ve existed as a species, unchanged, for over 200 million years. Ginkgo fossils dating back to the early Jurassic period have been discovered all over the world. Sometime between the Jurassic and the Pliocene period, ginkgos declined in variety and ended up only thriving in a few areas of China.

9. Buddhist Ties

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Ginkgo is most commonly found in Buddhist monasteries. In fact, the trees have been tended by Buddhists monks for centuries. These trees spread alongside Buddhism to Korea and Japan.

The ginkgo leaf is nicknamed “the fingernail of the Buddha”. This is both because of the fan-shaped leaves, and the devotion Buddhist monks have to the care and propagation of these ancient trees. The cultivation of ginkgo trees by Buddhist monks was a major factor in the trees’ survival. In addition, monks often use ginkgo wood to build monasteries and the furniture within them.

10. Symbols of Good Fortune

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A ginkgo leaf is used as the symbol of the the Urasenke tea school of Japan. The leaf represents happiness and ever-expanding good fortune. Ginkgo’s fan-shaped leaves are thought to demonstrate the ever-widening future spreading out before us.

11. Taoist Too!

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Many Taoist temples feature an ancient ginkgo in the courtyard. When Taoism was new, shamans would carve spells on the ginkgo trees as a means of contacting the spirit world. One large tree in Shanxi Province of China is believed to have been planted by Lao Tzu, the founder of Taoism.

12. China’s National Tree, and Popular in Japan

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The Ginkgo tree is the national tree of China, though it was first encountered by westerners in Japan in 1690. The botanist Engelbert Kaempfer was the first to record seeing ginkgo trees growing in the Japanese temple gardens.

13. Good for the Memory

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Recently, ginkgo has earned popularity as a memory tonic. This reputation is losing footing, with new studies indicating it does less to preserve memory than we thought. Despite this, ginkgo has a significant track record for helping Alzheimer’s patients.

Ginkgo has been proven to be about as effective as the leading Alzheimer’s medication at slowing memory deterioration. That’s great news for patients! It also has less than half the side effects of other treatments.

14. Not Great for Long-Term Use

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New research has tentatively linked ginkgo to an increase chance of stroke. The research The study linking ginkgo to strokes seems at odds with ginkgo’s traditional use. For thousands of years, traditional Chinese Medicine has used ginkgo to increase circulation and lower clotting.

Ginkgo has an uncertain link to increased risk of cancer. No-one is sure if there’s actually an risk of cancer from consistent ginkgo consumption, but it’s best to imitate the herb’s ancient caretakers and avoid using it long term. Traditional Chinese Medicine uses it primarily in short-term remedies for specific complaints.

Consume Ginkgo biloba only for short periods, and take time off from regular uss to allow your body to reset.

15. Good for Circulation and Blood Flow

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Interestingly, traditional medicine doesn’t use ginkgo for memory issues at all. In Chinese medicine, this is primarily an herb for circulation and blood flow. Ginkgo dries up damp, stagnant conditions, expels mucus, and opens up lungs.

Chinese medicine never uses ginkgo continuously, and always consumes it cooked—preferably in a meal. Modern scientists tend to focus on its leaves, but traditional herbalists have always focused on its seeds.

16. Ginkgolide

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The ginkgo plant contains a substance called ginkgolide. This is actually what makes ginkgo such a powerful healing herb. It’s the ginkgolide that increases circulation and brain function, reduces free radicals, and reduces clotting risks. Ginkgolide levelss are highest in leaves in the fall, which is also when the fruit appears on the female tree.

17. Good for Depression

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Ginkgo can treat depression. We don’t often think of it as a mood-balancing herb, but it is. It boosts the body’s anti-inflammatory function, which helps us cope with stress hormones and the emotional havoc they cause.

18. Asthma Alleviator

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Remember how ginkgo increases blood flow and healthy circulation? Well, this effect can improve vision as well. New research is showing that supplementing with ginkgo can help glaucoma sufferers by increasing blood flow to the eyes.

Studies with asthma patients are showing that ginkgo’s anti-inflammatory effects are excellent for increasing lung capacity and reducing asthma flare ups. This research is very new, but results are encouraging.

19. Aphrodisiac Too?

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Ginkgo can do a lot of good in areas as wide-ranging as heart health, vision, mood, and even your love life. In fact, it has been used for centuries as an aphrodisiac, in part because it increases blood flow and reduces anxiety.

20. The Best Place to Grow Them

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Ginkgos grow easily in zones 4-9 easily, and are tolerant of occasional cold snaps and droughts. You can plant a ginkgo tree almost anywhere and expect it to do well.

There are no known wild trees. Every ginkgo growing today has been planted or otherwise tended by humans. We’re not entirely sure why it’s no longer a part of the wild landscape, but this ancient tree prefers to be invited into the modern world.

Maybe they know that their time is past. Like the ancestors of traditional Chinese culture, the ginkgo tree watches, guides, and heals. It offers its wisdom and experience to modern humanity, but it’s too old to go wandering on its own through contemporary forests.

You can welcome a ginkgo into your garden, though. These trees are quiet, gentle friends in an otherwise hectic world.


Tree & Plant Care

Relatively low maintenance.
Prune in spring.

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious pests.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerates salt, heat, drought, alkaline soil.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to China.

Bark color and texture

The bark is typically light gray, with shallow ridges and furrows.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple,alternate, fan-shaped leaves in clusters of 3 to 5 on spurs or single on long shoots; usually notched at the tip; 2 to 3 inches long.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Inconspicuous, male and female flowers on separate trees (dioecious).

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Not a true fruit, but a seed with a fleshy covering; produced only on female trees; apricot colored with a silvery cast; messy and they produce a strong odor.
Buy male cultivars only.

Cultivars and their differences

There are numerous cultivars available. Here are some that are more commonly sold.

Autumn Gold ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Autumn Gold’): non-fruiting male with uniform conical habit becoming broader with age. Outstanding yellow color in autumn.

Emperor™ ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba Woodstock’): non-fruiting male with upright-oval shape and a strong central leader; 50 feet high and 40 feet wide. This is a Chicagoland Grows™ introduction.

Golden Colonade® ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘JFS-UGA2’): non-fruiting male with a strong central leader and narrow-oval form; 45 feet high and 25 feet wide.

Jade Butterfly ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Jade Butterfly’): A dwarf cultivar (12 to 15 feet high) with leaves in dense clusters; non-fruiting male.

Magyar ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Magyar’): narrow, non-fruiting male with upright, ascending branching.

Mariken ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Mariken’): A dwarf cultivar, growing 3 to 4 feet high and wide; non-fruiting male.

Presidential Gold® ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘The President’): non-fruiting male with a dense upright form and strong central leader; 50 feet high and 40 feet wide.

Princeton Sentry ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Princeton Sentry’): non-fruiting male form; assumes an upright, nearly columnar form that tapers to a point.

Sky Tower ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘JN9’): A narrow, compact cultivar (15 to 20 feet high and 6 to 10 feet wide); non-fruiting male.

Windover Gold ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Windover Gold’): non-fruiting male with a broad, pyramidal form.

*Japanese maples that have been stressed should be given Super Thrive at recommended doses from the bottle. This can often be purchased at Wal-Mart or your local garden center or department store. This simply gives Japanese maples the proper nutrients and hormones that will help it heal and recover and help it get back into a growing mode.

Japanese maples are extremely easy to care for. The less you do the better. Japanese maples do not like a lot of nitrogen so fertilizers are not necessary. Fertilizers with low amounts of nitrogen can be used in the early spring and mid-summer, however it is not necessary.

Trimming your Japanese maple can actually make your tree grow faster. If you trim the smaller branches back leaving larger and thicker branching with buds, your tree will often grow very quickly. This is because you get a cleaner flow or nutrients from Japanese maples that have been trimmed. It is like excersing your Japanese maples. It is best to do this in the early spring right before your Japanese maple leafs out. This is typically around the late February to early March time period for us in North Carolina. The main trick for trimming is to never trim more than 45% of your tree off. Yes, that means you can trim a Japanese maple heavily. Remember to clean your pruning tools with rubbing alcohol. This helps keep your pruning tools sanitized which helps your Japanese maple stay healthy.

Steps for Pruning:

1. Start out by pruning out branches you don’t like on your Japanese maple. If the branch is larger than 3/4 of an inch in diameter we recommend using a saw. Large branches you don’t like only get bigger so it is best to prune them out early in the tree’s life.

2. Prune out the twiggier smaller branching. Smaller branching only makes smaller branching. This means these will make the tree grow slower. By pruning your Japanese maple and leaving the large branching you will get a larger tree quicker.

3. Trim out conflicting branching on your Japanese maple. This means if two limbs are touching are are too close, one of them should be trimmed out. A lot of pruning is judgement calls. Picking which one stays and which one goes will be a judgement call that only the owner or the pruner can make.

4. If you are trimming an upright selection, make sure to keep one branch as a central leader. This is typically the tallest part of the tree on most upright Japanese maples. If you are trimming a dwarf or a laceleaf Japanese maple, you can trim the Japanese maple to accentuate the natural shape of the tree. This can be done with laceleaf types by trimming your Japanese maple to create different levels of branching.

5. Trim out the fishtails. When there are three small branches coming out of the terminal buds on the end of a branch, it is often good to trim out the middle branch. This gives room for the other two branches and allows them have more energy.

While trimming is not necessary, if you follow these steps, your Japanese maple should grow much quicker for you.

Ginkgo biloba

This tree is deciduous so it will lose all its leaves in autumn, then fresh new foliage appears again each spring.

  • Position: sun
  • Soil: fertile, well-drained soil
  • Rate of growth: slow-growing
  • Flowering period: April to May
  • Hardiness: fully hardy
    This wonderful, ancient tree from China dates back at least 200 million years. Its distinctive, fan-shaped, bright green leaves turn bright gold when a warm autumn follows a warm summer. Mature male trees have thick, yellow catkins in late spring. This tree usually starts life shaped like a flagpole but gradually becomes wide spreading. It can cope with many city conditions, including pollution, and makes an elegant tree for a larger garden. Maidenhair trees were introduced to Japan about 1,000 years ago and often grown near temples – one reason why they are a common feature in Japanese-style gardens. The first maidenhair tree was brought to Britain and planted in Kew Gardens in 1760. It still stands today.
  • Garden care: When despatched these trees have a tall main stem which is important at this stage in their development, with few branches. Require minimal pruning. Remove any broken, diseased or crossing branches in late autumn or winter. When planting incorporate lots of well-rotted garden compost in the planting hole and stake firmly.

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