German vs roman chamomile

Contents

Compare German vs Roman Chamomile Essential Oils

There are actually several varieties of Chamomile growing around the world today. The two most sought-after for their medicinal benefits are German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis).

In many ways both varieties are very similar, and in some ways they are very different. These differences become important when we are treating conditions of the body, emotions and mind with our home essential oil kits.

So, let’s try to clarify the Which, When and Why of these two wonderful essential oils!

Both German and Roman Chamomile plants grow wild in various parts of the world.

Roman Chamomile is a small evergreen perennial plant that grows low to the ground, often used as a ground cover. It’s propagated by division, and the stems are hairy, with flowers are larger than 1 inch diameter.

German (Blue) Chamomile, on the other hand, is not perennial, and is propagated by seed planting or letting the flower heads go to seed for the next year. The stems are hairless, branching, and longer, with a few flowers on the tops.

Roman Chamomile has a light, fresh apple fragrance, and German Chamomile smells more like sweet straw.

Medicinally, both varieties are used for calming and soothing skin, inflammation, fevers, and the nervous and digestive systems, as well as inducing perspiration to flush out toxins, allergens and infections. Both are pain relieving, antibiotic, anti-bacterial, and sedative. It’s in their chemical properties that we begin to see where they differ.

GERMAN (BLUE) CHAMOMILE

  • Contains chamazulene, giving the oil its deep blue color, and anti-inflammatory and infection fighting properties.
  • Maintains normal skin; calms dry, irritated or flaky skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, or dermatitis; promotes healing and regeneration of damaged skin tissue.
  • Stimulates liver, kidneys and gall bladder to improve digestion, remove toxins and infections.
  • Calms mind and body for menstrual and menopausal problems, including PMS.

ROMAN CHAMOMILE

  • Contains high level of esters, has a yellow-pale blue color, and is anti-spasmodic, anti-fungal and highly calming.
  • Provides restful sleep, relief from sore muscles, arthritis, headaches and migraines.
  • Effective at calming irritation, rage, mood swings. For children, it’s useful for teething, colic, and temper tantrums.

By knowing the differences in these two effective essential oils, you can be sure to pick just the right one for your family’s physical, emotional and mental health. Chamomile will definitely be a valuable addition to your essential oil kit!

The difference between German and Roman chamomile essential oils can be summed up in a nutshell. It’s all about the chemical makeup of the two oils. Though both German and Roman chamomile essential oils are often used interchangeably in treating an assortment of conditions, they are not the same and thus the purpose of this post. We believe in keeping our goddesses well informed.

Roman Chamomile and German Chamomile Essential oils similarities

They both come from plants, albeit different plants. Big duh there, huh? They both are steam distilled from the flowers to produce the essential oils. Both German and Roman chamomile oils have similar uses, but the chemistry is different. There, now that we’ve gotten that out of the way let’s move on.

General Information on German and Roman Chamomile Essential Oils

German Chamomile

Roman Chamomile

Matricaria recutita Synonyms: Chamomilla chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita, Matricaria chamomilla, and Matricaria suaveolens. Anthemis nobilis Synonyms: Chamaemelum nobile
Grown in Europe, England, South America, and the US Grown in Europe, England, South America, and the US

Chemistry of German and Roman Chamomile Essential Oils

Though there are over 120 ingredients in chamomiles, the most bioactive ingredients are included in the table below.

German Chamomile

Roman Chamomile

Terpenoids a-bisabolol, a-bisabolol oxide A and B, chamazulene (gives the oil a blue color and is higher in concentration), sesquiterpenes Chamazulene (lower concentration than found in German chamomile), bisabolol
Flavonoids apigenin, luteolin, quercetin apigenin, luteolin, quercetin
Coumarins umbelliferone scopoletin-7-glucoside
Spiroethers en-yn dicycloether
Other anthemic acid, choline, tannin, polysaccharides angelic and tiglic acid esters, anthemic acid, choline, phenolic and fatty acids

(Information on chemical constituents from: http://www.longwoodherbal.org/)

Uses of German and Roman Chamomile Essential Oils

I debated about how to put this part together for you. I could have used a use by chemical constituent or a general for each of these two oils. I decided to go with the latter approach because I thought it would be easier to differentiate between the two oils that way.

German Chamomile

Roman Chamomile

External Inflammation of the skin (including acne, eczema, psoriasis), mucous membranes and ano-genital area, bacterial skin diseases including those of the mouth and gums, and respiratory tract inflammation (inhaled) Inflammation of the skin (including acne, eczema, psoriasis), mucous membranes and ano-genital area, bacterial skin diseases including those of the mouth and gums, and respiratory tract inflammation (inhaled)
Internal Cystitis, cold, flu, malaria, parasitic worms, gastrointestinal spasms, inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver tonic Cystitis, cold, flu, malaria, parasitic worms, gastrointestinal spasms, inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver tonic
Contains more active ingredients which make it a more potent oil.
Better anti-inflammatory due to higher concentration of Azulene Better as a calming agent and use for sore muscles

Precautions when using German and Roman Chamomile Essential Oils

Though both German and Roman chamomile essential oils are considered safe to use, there are a couple of precautionary notes. Like with any product whether you buy it or make it at home, test it to be sure you don’t have an allergy to it. Be particularly cautious if you are allergic to ragweed. Though there are no reported problems with using these oils internally during pregnancy, one study on pregnant mice caused the fetuses to reabsorb and babies to be born undersized. Until more is known, I recommend you not use these oils internally if you are pregnant or nursing.

Unless you know what you are doing, I strongly recommend taking these oils internally from commercially manufactured capsules you purchase. We just say no to our goddesses having problems because they’ve accidentally overdosed. However, using them on your skin, in a massage oil or diffuser should be just fine providing you aren’t allergic to them.

Conclusion

In a number of the studies done on both German and Roman chamomile, other oils were added. To me that invalidates any conclusion that it was the chamomile oil responsible for the results. I mention this for those of you out there that, like me, who research in depth the supposed benefits of any product that is put on the skin, inhaled or swallowed.

That said, there is sufficient research that makes the chamomile oils part of my permanent collection to have on hand. I like to use the German chamomile in my lotions, creams, and massage oils due to the higher concentration of chamazulene and en-yn dicycloether. I use it in a diffuser when I have a cold. At night I sometimes will drink a nice cup of Roman chamomile tea before bed to get a wonderfully restful night’s sleep. In addition to the recipes below, watch for future posts with more recipes that use both German and Roman chamomile.

Now go have fun and relax.

Recommended products:

Plant Therapy Chamomile German Essential Oil. 100% Pure, Undiluted, Therapeutic Grade. 5 mL (1/6 Ounce)Chamomile Essential Oil From Majestic Pure, 4 Fl. Oz – Premium Quality Roman Chamomile Oil</p

At Miracle Botanicals, we offer four different chamomile oils, and I often get questions from folks who are trying to decide which one to choose.

While our four chamomile oils have related aromas and healing properties, there is also quite a bit of difference between them. Thats why I decided to write up a little G so you can easily decide which one is right for you.

To start with, all the essential oils that are listed below come from plants in the Asteraceae, or daisy, family. These plants grow in different regions all around the world, and they are characterized by small, white flowers. All of the chamomile essential oils are gentle and they are safe for frequent use on the skin and through inhalation.

Now, lets look at the unique aspects of each of the chamomile oils.

German (Blue) Chamomile

Single Essential Oils

Chamomile German Essential Oil (Blue Chamomile)

$14.97 $79.97

The best known of the chamomile oils is Blue chamomile (Matricaria recutita), also known as German or Hungarian chamomile. Blue chamomile essential oil gets its striking blue color due to chamazulene, a unique compound thats produced during the steam-distillation of this oil.

Blue chamomile has a sweet, fruity, smoky, and herbaceous aroma. Along with its high chamazulene content, it contains high amounts of a-Bisabolol, and these two compounds account for much of the anti-inflammatory and pain-relief benefits of Blue chamomile essential oil.

Along with being great for treating aches, pains, and inflammatory skin problems, Blue chamomile essential oil is frequently the oil of choice in treating cases of insomnia or sleeping disturbances.

Blue Chamomile can be found in my Pain Formula, which has received rave reviews from customers who have tried pain relief drugs. Its also included in Voice, which is part of my chakra series. Its wonderful for calming anxiety and worry, which can be very helpful for speaking and singing.

Single Essential Oils

Roman Chamomile Essential Oil

$11.97 $49.97

The second most popular variety of chamomile oil is Roman chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis), also known as English chamomile. The aroma of this chamomile is what most people associate with chamomile tea.

It has a sweet and soothing aroma, and while it contains the blue compound chamazulene in small amounts, it has a yellow to light blue color. Roman chamomile essential oil is high in esters of angelic and tiglic acid, which are known for their pain-relieving and spasmolytic action.

As a result, Roman chamomile essential oil is frequently used as as a calming agent and to relieve sore muscles. Like Blue chamomile, Roman chamomile is effective in treating inflammatory skin conditions such as rashes, eczema, and psoriasis.

Cape Chamomile

Single Essential Oils

Chamomile (Cape) Essential Oil Organic

$13.97 $39.97

Cape chamomile essential oil is extracted from the cape snow flower (Eriocephalus punctulatus), which grows in South Africa.

Cape chamomile essential oil has a powerful aroma that is berry-like, sweet, floral and very clean-smelling. It is prized in perfumery, and is frequently used in aromatherapy for dealing with anxiety and headaches.

This one has one of my favorite aromas of all essential oils. Its powerfully sweet yet calming, and its very high in esters which is known for its anti-anxiety properties. The color is crystal blue. Its very gentle and its great applied directly to the nape of the neck.

Wild Chamomile

Single Essential Oils

Wild Chamomile Essential Oil

$14.97 $49.97

Wild, or Moroccan, chamomile comes from a variety of daisy (Ormenis mixta) which grows around the Mediterranean. Its main constituents include santolina alcohol (also found in yarrow essential oil) and alpha-pinene (a compound found in frankincense).

Wild chamomile essential oil has a sweet, fresh, and herbaceous aroma that is redolent of apples. It is used in aromatherapy to soothe the mind and body, help alleviate depression and anxiety, and support skin, hair, and scalp health.

The aroma of this oil is very unique. Its not as sweet of the other varieties and the herbaceous aspect makes it very interesting.

Which one is right for you?

If youre looking for your first chamomile oil, youll probably either want to get the German (Blue) or Roman chamomile, because they have the widest range of known benefits in aromatherapy.

Both will be good for treating aches and pains, and the decision will likely come down to which aroma you prefer: more smokey for Blue chamomile, gentler and more soothing for Roman.

As for Cape Chamomile and Wild Chamomile, they are both wonderful oils. While they are less well-known than either Blue or Roman Chamomile, they definitely have a place in your essential oil collection, particularly if you are interested in making your own gorgeous perfumes.

Roman Chamomile Essential Oil

There are several types of chamomile essential oil used in aromatherapy, and this makes it vital that you choose the correct type of oil for the therapeutic properties that you require. Roman chamomile essential oil is the most popular of the three types of chamomile oils used in aromatherapy, possibly due to its vast range of healing properties and amazing versatility. Most people seem to prefer the fragrance of Roman chamomile oil to that of either the German or Maroc, and it certainly blends well with a very wide range of essential oils.

The Latin name for Roman chamomile is most commonly given in aromatherapy and botanical books as Anthemis nobilis (Linnaeus), but there has been a growing trend of late to refer to this plant as Chamaemelum nobile. Both names are correct and do refer to the same plant and not a different sub-species.

Physical description

Originally native to southern and western Europe where it grows wild in all the temperate regions, A. nobilis is an aromatic, herbaceous perennial with strong fibrous roots and long fibres. It belongs to the Asteraceae family and is a low growing, creeping plant with flowers and leaves reaching a height of up to of 25 centimetres (10 inches).

The fibrous root is perennial, the stems are freely branching, hairy and covered with feathery pinnate leaves. The wild growing variety has single white flowers similar to a daisy but larger, with a convex, yellow disk and numerous white, spreading, or reflexed rays. The cultivated variety has double white florets arranged around the yellow centre, which is known as the receptacle.

History and folklore

Also known as English chamomile, true chamomile and common chamomile, the ‘noble’ chamomile plant has been used since ancient times for its healing properties. Its history dates back as far as the ancient Egyptians who dedicated it to their Gods due to its curative properties, particularly when used for the acute fever known at the time as the Ague. Chamomile was also used by the Romans in medicines, beverages and incense.

During the middle ages this particular species of chamomile was commonly used as a ‘strewing’ herb which helped to create a fragrant atmosphere at public gatherings and celebrations. When walked upon, the essential oil sacs in the flowers would release their wonderful fragrance into the air. If you have ever strolled through a field of chamomile you will have experienced this for yourself.

Chamomile was employed for its bitter taste in beer during the middle ages, but was replaced by hops at a later time. I’m not sure if this was a good or a bad idea! Of course chamomile is still in popular use today to make the soothing and calming herbal tea.

Roman chamomile essential oil is now produced in many other countries around the world, such as Argentina, Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy and the USA. Of all these origins, the Roman chamomile oil produced in the United Kingdom is considered by many experts to be the very finest quality, and we agree. We only sell UK produced chamomile oils, and will continue to do so until we find a better source.

Harvest preparation

Depending upon the prevailing weather conditions in the U.K., harvesting takes place during late June or July although heavy rain often causes havoc to the schedules of the unfortunate English farmer. And as if that were not enough, the crop must be harvested at the precise time that it contains the highest yield of essential oil, so this can be quite a challenge, to say the least.

To determine when the time is precisely right for harvesting, a small test distillation must be done every few days so that the resulting essential oil can be analysed using gas chromatography. If the Roman chamomile oil is to meet the desired therapeutic quality for use in aromatherapy, certain constituents of the oil must also be at a specific level within the plant, prior to distillation.

Harvesting and distillation

Harvesting will not begin until the analysis results show that the essential oil meets the predetermined quality parameters, and the forthcoming weather is suitable and stable. My experience with farmers has taught me they have developed an amazing ability to predict the weather, often more accurately than even the met office with whom they check daily.

Once all the conditions are right harvesting begins, and for one large producer in the U.K it can take up to two weeks to cut the chamomile in all of his fields. After cutting, the crop is allowed to sun-dry for a short period before being steam distilled to extract the beautiful pale blue Roman chamomile essential oil. The flowers typically yield between 0.4 and 1.0% of essential oil.

Roman chamomile essential oil benefits

Roman chamomile essential oil is one of the most versatile of all oils used in aromatherapy coming only second, in my humble opinion, to lavender. It is a powerfully soothing and calming oil which imparts this quality to both physical and emotional conditions alike. Although more expensive than lavender, a little goes a long way with this oil and its calming and sedating properties will out-perform lavender any day of the week.

Although Roman chamomile oil does not contain the large amounts of chamazulene found in German chamomile, it still has a noticeable anti-inflammatory effect that soothes sprains and swellings when used with a cold compress. Aching muscles and joints benefit tremendously when using it in massage blends, baths and compresses. It has an antispasmodic effect that is highly effective for soothing abdominal or period cramps as well as easing nausea.

During the hay fever season Roman chamomile essential oil offers some welcome relief to sufferers when inhaled from a tissue due to its anti-allergen effect. It offers similar relief to allergic rhinitis and dust allergy sufferers, bringing soothing comfort to irritated and inflamed nasal passages. In a similar way it calms and soothes the airways for asthma sufferers too.

And finally, vaporizing Roman chamomile essential oil is the perfect way to quieten noisy children, angry partners, and your frazzled nerves – without inducing a catatonic state. That sounds to me like aromatherapy at its absolute best!

Browse Quinessence Roman Chamomile Essential Oil

Copyright © Quinessence Aromatherapy Ltd 2001. Written by Geoff Lyth

If you enjoyed this article, please click the ‘Like’ button and help spread the word:

For anyone that is under stress, is going through a period of depression, loneliness, intense fear or is challenged by anxiety or post traumatic shock disorder, Roman Chamomile Essential Oil can help bring a sense of calm. Roman Chamomile is also a suggested oil for use during times of anger or irritability.

If you’ve ever enjoyed a cup of Chamomile tea, you are already familiar with the aroma and sense of calm that chamomile offers. The aroma and sedative effect of the undiluted Roman Chamomile Essential Oil, however, is much more fragrant and powerful.

Roman Chamomile is known to be especially helpful in combating insomnia.

Roman Chamomile Essential Oil is one of the few essential oils that most agree is especially safe to use, well diluted, with children. When diffused, it can help to calm irritable babies and soothe a toddler’s nasty temper tantrums.

Roman Chamomile Oil is also heralded for its anti-inflammatory action. It can be used to help calm inflamed skin and to ease arthritis, headaches, sprains and muscle aches. See the “Uses” section below for more applications for Roman Chamomile Essential Oil.

Botanical Name

Anthemis nobilis/ Chamaemelum nobile

Common Method of Extraction

Steam Distilled

Plant Part Typically Used

Flowers/Buds

Color

Gray/Very Pale Blue

Consistency

Thin

Perfumery Note

Middle

Strength of Initial Aroma

Medium – Strong

Aromatic Description

Roman Chamomile Essential Oil smells crisp, sweet, fruity and herbaceous.

Roman Chamomile Essential Oil Uses

  • Abscesses
  • Allergies
  • Arthritis
  • Boils
  • Colic
  • Cuts
  • Cystitis
  • Dermatitis
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Earache
  • Flatulence
  • Hair
  • Headache
  • Inflamed Skin
  • Insect Bites
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Neuralgia
  • PMS
  • Rheumatism
  • Sores
  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Stress
  • Wounds

Source: Julia Lawless, The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils (Updated Edition) (London: Harper Thorsons, 2014), 71.

Sustainability and Conservation Status

Least Concern
Source: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/202952/2758213

To learn more about the conservation status of essential oil bearing plants and how to use the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, please refer to AromaWeb’s Guide to Essential Oils and Sustainability.

Major Constituents

  • Isobutyl Angelate
  • Butyl Angelate
  • 3-Methylpentyl Angelate
  • Isobutyl Butyrate
  • Isoamyl Angelate

See Essential Oil Safety for more complete list of typical constituents.

Roman Chamomile Essential Oil USafety Information

Tisserand and Young do not indicate any special precautions when using Roman Chamomile Oil. However, reading Tisserand and Young’s full profile is recommended. Roman Chamomile Oil may cause dermatitis in some individuals according to Julia Lawless.

General Safety Information

Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. For general dilution information, read AromaWeb’s Guide to Diluting Essential Oils. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. Before using this or any essential oil, carefully read AromaWeb’s Essential Oil Safety Information page. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.

Shelf Life

View Shelf Life Information

Important Information About the Profiles

The essential oil information provided on AromaWeb is intended for educational purposes only. The references to safety information, constituents and percentages is generalized information. The data is not necessary complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate. The essential oil photos are intended to represent the typical and approximate color of each essential oil. However, essential oil color can vary based on harvesting, distillation, age of the essential oil and other factors. Profiles for several absolutes are included within the directory, and are denoted as such.

Essential Oil Book Suggestions

Click on a book’s title to view details and read a full review for the book. Visit AromaWeb’s Books area to find details about many other essential oil and aromatherapy books.

Own Safety Profiles for 400 Essential Oils and 206 Constituents:
Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals
Authors: Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young

The Complete Book Of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy
Includes 125 Essential Oil Profiles
Author: Valerie Ann Worwood

Chamomile essential oil information

Roman chamomile essential oil is produced from Anthemis nobilis (Chamaemelum nobile) of the family species Asteraceae, formerly placed in the Compositae family. It is also known as English chamomile, sweet chamomile and garden chamomile.

German chamomile essential oil is extracted from Matricaria chamomilla (M. recutica) of the same family and is also known by the names of blue chamomile, Hungarian chamomile and single chamomile.

Both Roman and German chamomile have excellent calming properties, but Roman chamomile is more effective for irritation, impatience and feeling disagreeable, and has great value in treating PMS and other menstrual and menopausal problems, while German chamomile is superbly effective on the skin, not only to sooth and calm, but to heal and for tissue regeneration.

Oil properties

The Roman chamomile essential oil has a sweet, apple-like fragrance and is very light clear blue in color with a watery viscosity, while the German chamomile oil has a sweet, straw-like fragrance, is dark blue in color and its viscosity is medium.

Origin of Roman and German chamomile oil

German chamomile oil is mostly cultivated in Hungary, Egypt, Eastern Europe and France, while Roman chamomile is cultivated in Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Morocco and France.

Roman chamomile is a small perennial herb, with a hairy stem and feathery pinnate leaves, daisy like white flowers (larger than those of German chamomile) and grows about 25 cm high, while German chamomile grows about 60 cm high and has a hairless branching stem, with delicate feathery leaves and simple daisy like white flowers on single stems.

To the Egyptians it was a herb dedicated to the sun, to cure fevers, and to the moon, for its cooling ability. It was also recognized as a soother of nervous complaints and was used in shampoos, cosmetics and perfumes.

German chamomile contains azulene, a powerful anti-inflammatory agent. This blue crystal is not actually present in the plant, but forms in the oil and only a small quantity is needed to be effective.

Extraction

Both chamomile oils are extracted from the flowers by steam distillation, with the Roman chamomile yielding about 1.7 % from fresh flowers and German chamomile yielding about 0.2 – 0.4 %.

Chemical composition

The main chemical components of Roman chamomile oils are a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, 1,8-cineole, y-terpinene, caryophyllene, and propyl angelate and butyl angelate.

The main constituents of German chamomile oil are chamazulene, a-bisabolol, bisabolol oxide A, bisabolol oxide B and bisabolone oxide A.

Precautions

Both types of chamomile oil are considered non-toxic and non-irritant, yet since they do have emmenagogue properties when used in high concentrations, they should be avoided during pregnancy.

Therapeutic properties

The therapeutic properties of Roman chamomile oil are analgesic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, anti-neuralgic, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrisant, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, sedative, nervine, digestive, tonic, sudorific, stomachic, vermifuge and vulnerary.

The therapeutic properties of German chamomile oil on the other hand are analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, cholagogue, emmenagogue, hepatic, digestive, sedative, stomachic, vermifuge, vasoconstrictor and vulnerary.

Uses

Roman chamomile oil is used for

This essential oil can be used with great effect on children when they feel irritable, impatient, teething or colicky. Women find it great to relieve PMS. In general it is good for abdominal pain, gall bladder problems, as well as for throat infections. it furthermore helps to relieve allergies, hay fever and asthma.

For the skin, it can be used to calm acne, eczema, rashes, wounds, dermatitis, dry and itchy skin and other allergic conditions in general.

For babies it can be used in a very diluted form to sooth an irritated and teething baby and helps for colic, diarrhea and gastric spasms.

German chamomile oil is used for

This essential oil has a calming effect on the mind and body and is excellent in treating any type of inflammation – be that internal or external – and is very effective on urinary stones (bladder gravel) as well. It stimulates the liver and gall bladder, thereby improving digestion and is valuable in treating menstrual and menopausal problems.

On the skin, it is a miracle worker and calms red, dry and irritated skin, as well as calming allergies, eczema, psoriasis and all other flaky skin problems. It is high in -(-a)-bisabolol which promotes granulation (healing) and is also a great tissue regenerator.

Summary

Both Roman and German chamomile have calming and relaxing abilities, especially on the nervous and digestive systems, regulating and easing the menstrual cycle. They have soothing and healing influence on the skin, as well as being a potent remedy for inflammatory conditions.

  • Burners and vaporizers
    • Roman chamomile can be used in vapor therapy, for nervous complaints, headaches and migraines.
  • Blended massage oil or in the bath
    • Roman chamomile can be used in a blended massage oil, or diluted in the bath, to assist with allergies, anorexia, addiction, colic, insomnia, back pain, muscle pain, arthritis, post-natal depression and bowel disorders, whereas German chamomile can be used for asthma, measles, mumps, PMS, menopausal symptoms, as well as rheumatism.
  • Lotion and cream
    • Roman chamomile can be used in a cream base for diaper rash, burns and sunburn, while German chamomile is useful in general skincare, especially in treating allergic skin.
  • Mouthwash
    • Roman chamomile can be used as a mouthwash for dental abscesses and tonsillitis.

Use our pure natural moisturizing cream to create your own unique blend

Chamomile blends well with

Both chamomiles blend well with bergamot, clary sage, lavender, geranium, jasmine, tea tree, grapefruit, rose, lemon and ylang-ylang.

Ordering Chamomile essential oil



:

$56.50 for 10 ml

ZAR 414.00 for 10 ml



Click Here to BUY the more affordable 25% German Chamomile Blend:

$21.50 for 10 ml

ZAR 125.50 for 10 ml



:

$33.50 for 10 ml (Blended 50% with Grape Seed Oil) WHY?

ZAR 402.50 for 10 ml (Pure)



Click Here to BUY the more affordable 25% Roman Chamomile Blend:

$21.00 for 10 ml

ZAR 123.00 for 10 ml


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Treatment of ailments with essential oils

  • If you are suffering from any medical condition please contact your licensed medical practitioner.
  • The treatments listed below relies on alternative healing with essential oils, and please note that no clinical trials or results are available and rests heavily on anecdotal proof.
Abdominal pain
Abscess
Acne
Addictions
Anal fissures
Athlete’s foot
Bad breath
Bedsores
Bleeding
Bleeding gums
Blepharitis
Blisters
Boils
Breathing difficulty
Bronchitis
Bruises
Burns
Carbuncles
Catarrh
Chapped lips
Chilblains
Circulation
Cold sores
Colds
Conjunctivitis
Constipation
Coughs
Cuts
Diarrhea
Diverticulosis
Dysmenorrhoea
Ear infections
Fainting
Fever
Flu
Frostbite
Gingivitis
Grazes
Halitosis
Hay fever
Headaches
Heart palpitations
Heartburn
Hiccups
High blood pressure
Influenza
Insect bites
Insomnia
Jetlag
Laryngitis
Leg cramps
Lumbago
Mouth ulcers
Nausea
Neuralgia
Nosebleed
Pneumonia
Shock
Sinusitis
Sore throat
Splinter
Sty
Swollen ankles
Toothache
Varicose veins
Wounds

This time of the year, it’s no secret that most of us could use a little extra rest and relaxation. Holiday plans and family get-togethers can be very fun, but also very exhausting, taking a pretty significant toll on both our mental and physical health. Thankfully, we can turn to our very helpful friend, chamomile, to give us some extra support to help tackle this festive season!

But there’s more than one Chamomile!

Plant Therapy carries two different chamomile essential oils and one Chamomile CO2, which may come off as a bit confusing – understandably. Let’s take some time to clear up the differences so that you can make the most educated decision for yourself and your family.

Chamomile Roman, Chamaemelum nobile, and Chamomile German, Matricaria chamomilla, are both aromatic herbs often used interchangeably. However, you’ll notice that both of these “chamomiles” have a different genus and species name; they also have markedly different chemical components and can be used for different purposes.

Chamomile Roman

The Chamaemelum nobile is a small evergreen perennial that grows low to the ground. The hairy stems and threadlike leaves support small, vibrant, daisy-like flowers and that often create a gorgeous ground cover. The essential oil has a pale, yellow color and a light, but intense, sweet apple-fruity aroma. This is widely considered the more gentle chamomile oil, making it ideal for use with young children.

It has long been favored to help calm the nervous system and provide support for feelings of irritability, anxiety, and stress . Chamomile Roman is also a fantastic choice to help improve the quality of sleep by easing physical and emotional tension in the body that can build up over time . This natural mood booster can also help reduce feelings associated with depression . Perfect for the holidays, right?

Chamomile Roman is rich in esters, which gives this oil its antispasmodic qualities. This is ideal when you’re dealing with a tummy that feels tight and uncomfortable. It helps relax stomach muscles, which consequently can dispel gas and support the digestive processes . This is also great for soothing menstrual cramps, body aches, and back pain associated with a woman’s menses .

This gentle giant of an oil can also provide soothing relief to irritated skin. It has been used as a natural remedy for dry skin, superficial wounds, and minor burns, bruises, and rashes . For an amazing facial mask DIY using Chamomile Roman, check out THIS blog!

Chamomile German

The Matricaria chamomilla is a self-seeding annual plant with long, branching, hairless stems that can grow up to 24 inches tall. The vibrant yellow and white flowers are steam distilled to produce a strong, herbaceous aroma similar to chamomile tea. The essential oil is a breathtakingly deep and distinct blue color, thanks to its chamazulene content. So be careful – this oil will leave a stain on fabric and carpet!

Chamomile German is rich in sesquiterpene derivatives. Particularly, the chemical components a-bisabolol and azulene are known to stimulate the liver and support the digestive system by easing intestinal cramping .

Inhaling Chamomile German has shown to reduce the perception of pain, ease tired muscles and aching joints, and can also assist with nasal allergies, minor cuts, and superficial wounds . Additionally, it is emotionally and mentally calming, helping to settle frayed nerves and ease tension after a long day .

Check out THIS blog for a DIY cream using Chamomile German that will help give you a well-rested night of sleep!

Chamomile German CO2

The CO2 Extract version of Chamomile German has a softer, more herbaceous aroma that is considered “truer” to the scent of the flower. A difference from steam distilled Chamomile German that you may notice immediately is the CO2’s lack of color. That’s because chamazulene, the component that gives Chamomile German that beautiful blue color, develops during the steam distillation process.

However, unlike the steam distilled version, the CO2 contains Matricine, a component that is the precursor to chamazulene. This is known to be very supportive, especially for dry or reddened skin. This is a fantastic choice for helping soothe skin inflammations, such as minor rashes, insect bites, and burns.

Keep in mind that this CO2 can be a little tricky to work with because it is very thick and viscous. Just roll the bottle in your hand to create warmth and allow the CO2 to be a bit more workable. You only need a very small amount of it, too — just 0.1 – 0.2% for skin blends — because it is such a powerhouse.

Check out some great recipes for skin using Chamomile German CO2 HERE!

Sources:

Chances are, if you use Essential Oils as much as we do, you have pondered picking up German & Roman Chamomile.

You have probably also asked yourself what the difference is between the two… although they are quite similar, they are also with differences too.

Roman Chamomile is also known as English Chamomile. The plant used to produce english chamomile comes from northwestern Europe and northern Ireland.

Roman Chamomile is a perennial herb – it grows fairly close to the ground. It has flowers that appear like miniature daisies – they have a white petal with a yellow center. The scented flowers are what is used to produce the essential oil.

Roman Chamomile has a warm, sweet and fruity scent that is wonderful for supporting healthy skin, providing muscle support and supporting the occasional headache when diffused.

  • Supports occasional headaches when diffused.
  • Supports healthy skin when added to creams and lotions,
  • Supports a healthy rest when added to your diffuser.
  • Supports healthy muscles when added to bathwater, massage oil or, creams/lotions.
  • Supports healthy scalp when applied directly or with a carrier.
  • Supports healthy circulation, and thus can help support healthy movement of the joints and muscles.

German Chamomile is is the other chamomile species that can be used medicinally. It’s known as blue chamomile and comes from Southern and Eastern Europe. It has golden yellow flowers and grows up to 16 inches tall.

German Chamomile is popular in the cosmetic industry, since the oil supports healthy skin.

  • Supports occasional headaches when diffused.
  • Supports healthy skin when used when added to moisturizers,
  • Supports a healthy immune system when combined with Lavender, Peppermint or Sandalwood.
  • Supports a healthy musculoskeletal system when combined with Lavender Essential Oil.
  • Supports a healthy integumentary system when combined with Helichrysum and Peppermint, or Vetiver Essential Oil.

German Chamomile is blue in color – that color comes from it’s azulen content.

That blue color has some pretty amazing properties that allow wonderful support of the immune, and respiratory system.

So what oil is best?

If you have children, Roman Chamomile is much more gentle. For those who are looking at greater support for the immune and respiratory system, then German Chamomile might be the best option.

German Chamomile Vitality is offered for dietary support and can be taken in a veggie capsule for immune support.

Neither German or Roman Chamomile are suggested for pregnant and nursing moms as they stimulate blood flow when used in high concentrations.

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German Vs. Roman Chamomile: SPICEography Showdown

Chamomile is one of the more popular medicinal herbs and one that is used mostly for making tea. German and Roman chamomile are among the most popular of the different chamomile varieties. They have a lot in common besides the chamomile name. While they are both members of the Asteraceae family, they belong to different genera and do have some major differences. If you are trying to decide between them, consider the comparison in the SPICEography Showdown below.

How do German chamomile and Roman chamomile differ?

German chamomile is an annual. It has the apple flavor for which both forms of chamomile are known but it can also be bitter. Unlike Roman chamomile, the stems of the German chamomile are smooth instead of hairy. The flowers of the German chamomile are blue in color. It gets the color from certain compounds it contains called azulenes. German and Roman chamomile have similar flavor profiles but Roman chamomile is considered the sweeter of the two and therefore slightly superior as a tea herb.

German chamomile is native to Eastern Europe as well as to Egypt. Other names for German chamomile are Italian camomilla and Hungarian chamomile.

Roman chamomile is a perennial when it grows in a suitably warm climate. While the name may evoke Ancient Rome, Roman chamomile got its name in the 19th century when a botanist found it growing in the ruins of the Coliseum. The flowers of the Roman chamomile plant are larger than those of German chamomile and are the only part of the plant that is commonly used. The flowers are white rather than blue and the stems are coated with fine hairs. Roman chamomile is native to The southern and western parts of Europe as well as to the Middle East and East Africa.

Can you use German chamomile in place of Roman chamomile and vice versa?

Both herbs have traditionally been used mainly for treating anxiety and encouraging sleep and they are interchangeable for this purpose. Less widely known applications for both types of chamomile are as a digestive aid and you can also use either one to treat colds and digestive ailments.

When should you use German chamomile and when should you use Roman chamomile?

While both German chamomile and Roman chamomile have sedative effects and can be used to improve sleep, German chamomile is sometimes deemed the better option for external applications. Some people find that its relative bitterness makes it slightly less enjoyable when it is used to make beverages while others claim that it is the superior option if you are using it for its medicinal benefits. You can use all parts of the German chamomile; the greens can be good in a salad but note that they can be bitter.

Roman chamomile has more of the sweetness and apple flavor we typically associate with chamomile tea. It thus offers a more universal appeal when it comes to its use in tea and other beverages. You can also use Roman chamomile as a salad green or chop it up and add it to sour cream. You can use that sour cream as a topping for baked potatoes.

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PHOTO: Eran Finkle/Flickr by Dawn Combs June 1, 2016

During farm tours, when walking past the chamomile beds, I have come to expect someone to ask me whether we grow German or Roman chamomile. That question will usually be followed with someone else asking me to explain the difference.

I have grown both of the plants that are commonly referred to as chamomile at one time or another, and I like aspects of both of them. Right now I have a lot of the German and not much of the Roman and that’s just because of a harsh winter a couple years ago. The two plants are in the same family, but after that, they have very little in common despite containing similar chemicals and appearing to have similar flowers.

German Chamomile

ethnobot/Flickr

German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) is a self-seeding annual in the Midwest. It grows from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. The leaves are ferny and delicate, and it has a typical aster flower, with a yellow disc in the middle surrounded by evenly spaced white florets. The flower smells like apples, and the essential oil derived from the yellow and white flowers of this plant is blue due to high levels of azulene.

Traditionally German chamomile has been used to calm, feed and soothe the nervous system and to support good digestion. You can use all parts of the plant in salads, though you might want to watch out for its bitter quality. They say that the longer you use chamomile on a daily basis, the more benefit it will give you. As a tonic, there are few reasons to avoid it, unless you happen to have an allergy to ragweed. Even then, there is only a very slight chance that someone might have a reaction, and it is most always a topical rash. I grow this type to harvest and dry for our medicinal preparations. It simply blooms more prolifically and makes my time picking worthwhile.

Roman Chamomile

Melanie Shaw/Flickr

Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) is typically grown as a perennial, though it likes a warmer climate than I can give it here in Ohio. I’ve had it stay around for some winters—but not the really bitter ones. It is hardy to zone 5 and is a creeper, only growing to about 3 to 4 inches high. The leaves tend to be thicker and more substantial than those of German chamomile, and in my experience, so are the flowers.

This is the flower you want if you are putting together a chamomile “lawn” or wanting to plant in between your patio pavers. Most people that grow Roman chamomile in this way keep it cut short. Sadly, they miss out on all the companion planting benefits of this plant, as it attracts some great pollinators and beneficial insects. The flowers and the leaves of it also smell of apples, but while the essential oil of this plant is useful, it doesn’t contain high levels of azulene, so it’s a clear oil.

Roman chamomile has also been traditionally used for its calming and relaxing properties. It doesn’t bloom as much or as often as the German variety. It’s worth picking for a cup of tea for sure but I’m not sure I’d want to count on it to fill my herb jar.

Chamomile Essential Oil: German vs Roman

Tired, puffy eyes? Chamomile teabags can be your best friend.

Better yet, steep the teabags to make yourself a relaxing cup of tea, pop the used teabags in the fridge while you drink the tea, and you’ll be in a great mood for a quick bit of shut-eye while lying down with cool teabags on your eyes before a big night out.

Expert as you are in the use of chamomile teabags, those aren’t the only benefits of chamomile. And there are several varieties, German (Matricaria recutita) and Roman (Anthemis nobilis) being most common.

Let’s take a closer look at them today.

Members of the Asteraceae family, these herbs are legendary, with a long history of use through ancient Rome, Greece and Egypt. Loved far and wide, chamomile has long been treated as something of a cure-all. It’s sometimes even referred to as European ginseng because of this belief.

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German chamomile is high in bisabolo oxide A and trans-beta-farnesene, whereas Roman chamomile is high in and isobutyl angelate, all of which means a lot to chemistry whizzes but doesn’t tell a layperson much.

That’s why I highly recommend you invest in at least one reputable essential oil encyclopedia or reference book when you start using the oils.

As long as you’re following guidelines for safe use you can’t do any harm when choosing essential oils to try, but if you have no clue which oils to use with specific targets for improvement, you’re willy nilly firing off arrows that could lack the necessary ‘ingredients’ (aka ‘constituents’) to hit those targets and effect a change.

Have you ever heard someone complain, “I tried essential oils and they did nothing!”

They either didn’t use a top quality brand or they hadn’t yet found the best oil for the job. Or they quit too soon. Any which way, if you’ve avoided oils because you heard someone complain about their lack of effectiveness, I urge you to give them a good go yourself and please contact me to get help with ordering Young Living, the brand I swear by.

Anyway, back to those constituents which not only have individual effects on our body, mind and soul, but they harmonise to create a ‘snowflake’ with its own unique properties and benefits.

Both German and Roman chamomile are tremendous for relaxation and helping let go of the past and freeing up your mind to be present. If this is the fifth time you’ve tried to read this paragraph, reach for some chamomile.

They are also very nurturing for the appearance of the skin so you’ll find them often used in skincare.

So generally speaking, in spite of having significant differences in constituents, they have similar benefits from an overall feel-good perspective. Their different constituents come more into play when specifically targeting their uses. Please refer to your trusty reference book for that kind of nitty gritty help.

How do you use them?

German and Roman chamomile essential oils can be applied on location and to chakra points as desired. Both are very gentle but dilute as needed. You can also diffuse them and inhale them directly from the bottle. If the label indicates it’s safe to do so, you can consider ingesting them, too.

Not all oils are created equal. Quality varies immensely, so please ensure you are choosing a brand with complete transparency from seed to seal, such as Young Living. Discover why we love them so much in this short video.

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This will also connect you up with The Good Oil Team for our personal support and coaching. We’d love to help you on your journey to vibrant well-being the natural way!

Any questions? Please get in touch via our Contact page.

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Enjoy the good oil daily.

The information on this site does not constitute advice. Please consult with your health practitioner. When using any of the products mentioned throughout this site, please be sure to read the labels and follow their suggestions for safe use. We make commissions from sales via many of the products we recommend but we only suggest products we genuinely enjoy and want you to benefit from.

The 8 Proven Benefits of Chamomile Oil and How to Use It

The use of chamomile has been described in medical texts from ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Over the centuries, it’s been used for:

  • digestive upset, such as indigestion, nausea, or gas
  • wound healing, including ulcers and sores
  • anxiety relief
  • easing skin conditions like eczema or rashes
  • anti-inflammation and pain relief for conditions like back pain, neuralgia, or arthritis
  • promoting sleep

Research is beginning to shine a light on the health benefits of chamomile oil and why it has been used as a remedy for various ailments over the years. Let’s explore these benefits in more detail.

1. Digestive upset

A 2014 animal study evaluated the effects of German chamomile extract on diarrhea. The study’s authors found that the chamomile oil offered protection against diarrhea and fluid accumulation in the intestines.

A 2018 study assessed the effect of topically applied diluted chamomile oil on bowel activity after a cesarean delivery. Researchers found that patients who had chamomile oil applied to their abdomen got their appetite back more quickly and also passed gas sooner than patients who didn’t use chamomile oil.

Another study looked at the effects of Roman chamomile extract on sections of guinea pig, rat, and human intestine. They found that it had muscle-relaxing properties. This could help explain why chamomile oil has been used for digestive conditions like indigestion and cramping.

2. Wound healing

A 2018 article investigated how Roman chamomile extract affected the healing of an infected wound in rats. Chamomile ointment had significantly higher wound healing and antibacterial activity compared to tetracycline ointment and placebo.

3. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

A 2017 study assessed the short-term treatment of generalized anxiety using chamomile extract. Researchers found that after eight weeks, 58.1 percent of participants reported a reduction of their anxiety symptoms.

Low morning levels of a hormone called cortisol have been linked with anxiety disorders. A small 2018 study found that chamomile therapy helped reduce anxiety symptoms and increased morning cortisol levels.

4. Depression

Depression and anxiety often occur together. One study used oral German chamomile extract in people with anxiety and depression.

Researchers observed a significant reduction in depression symptoms after eight weeks of treatment in the group that were given chamomile extract.

However, it’s important to note that while chamomile extract can be taken orally, chamomile essential oil should not be ingested.

5. Skin irritation

Researchers in a 2010 study assessed the effectiveness of German chamomile oil in relieving atopic dermatitis in mice by applying it to their skin.

They found that markers associated with allergy were significantly lower in the mice that received chamomile oil compared to those that didn’t.

6. Pain relief

A 2015 study investigated the effectiveness of applying diluted chamomile essential oil to the skin for the treatment of osteoarthritis. The participants were asked to apply the oil three times a day for three weeks.

Researchers found that when compared to participants who didn’t use this treatment, chamomile essential oil significantly reduced the need for pain relief medication.

Another study looked at the effectiveness of topical chamomile oil for carpal tunnel syndrome. After four weeks, symptom severity scores in the chamomile treatment group were significantly lower than the placebo group.

7. Sleep aid

Chamomile has long been associated with promoting a good night’s sleep, and research seems to back that up. Used as an herb, it’s often taken by mouth.

In a study of 60 elderly people, the participants were divided into two groups. One group was given capsules of chamomile extract twice a day, while the others were given a placebo.

At the end of the study, there was a significant increase in the sleep quality of those who took the chamomile extracts when compared to the group who were given the placebo.

8. Anti-cancer properties

A 2019 study assessed the effect that German chamomile extract had on cancer cells in culture. The researchers found that the cancer cells were more likely to die when they were treated with the extract.

The same study also found that treatment with chamomile extract reduced the ability of cancer cells to grow blood vessels, which is needed to keep tumors alive.

Another recent study looked at a component of chamomile oil called apigenin. They found that apigenin both inhibited the growth of and induced cell death in a human cancer cell line.

The Best Chamomile Tea For Your Health

Slip into sweet relaxation with a hot cup of chamomile tea. This subtly sweet beverage helps to relieve stress, encouraging relaxation. It’s one of the most common bedtime teas and can be found in most household tea cabinets.

There are three main types of chamomile tea, but they’re often sold interchangeably. That doesn’t mean that there aren’t chamomile teas that are better than others. We’ll show you how to identify the best chamomile tea so you can reap all the health benefits of this sweet drink. Want to get your hands on the highest quality chamomile teas? Check out our blend with chamomile and lemongrass right here.

What is Chamomile Tea?

Chamomile tea is an herbal tea made from the flowers and buds of the chamomile plant. Chamomile tea is naturally caffeine-free, gluten-free, and a popular bedtime tea. It is known for its soothing and calming properties. The tea is brewed by infusing pure chamomile flowers in hot water.

Chamomile tea was first used by the ancient Egyptians to treat fever and as an ingredient in cosmetics. The ancient Romans also used chamomile as a traditional medicinal to cure digestive and skin ailments. During medieval times, chamomile was used as a scenting agent during public ceremonies and as a flavoring agent for beer.

Flavor and Aroma

Chamomile tea offers herbal and fruity notes with a refreshing, smooth finish. The taste of chamomile tea is often described as similar to a crisp apple. In fact, chamomile derives its name from the Greek words “chamaimelon,” which literally translate to ‘ground apple’ or ‘earth apple’.

Chamomile tea boats a light, airy taste with a sweet aromatic scent. The tea is light yellow in color, mimicking the look of gentle sunlight. The tea also boasts a range of health benefits that make it as good for you as it is tasty.

Health Benefits of Chamomile Tea

Induces Calm

One of the most potent and widely known health benefits of chamomile tea is its soothing nature. Chamomile tea offers a potent calming effect that helps to relieve stress. Chamomile tea increases serotonin and melatonin in the body. These hormones alleviate feelings of stress and can help you unwind after a tough day.

Chamomile tea may also alleviate sleep disorders and pain such as that caused by migraines and headaches. Headaches are often caused by constricted blood vessels caused by inflammation. Anti-inflammatory chemicals and antioxidants in this tea open up blood vessels and increase circulation. Drinking chamomile tea can help soothe headaches caused by tension and stress.

Boosts Immune Health

Drinking chamomile tea can help boost your immune system to prevent colds and flus. The scent of chamomile can clear congested sinuses and make it easier to breathe.

Chamomile tea also has antibacterial properties that prevent pathogens from taking root and making you sick. The calming nature of chamomile can also soothe a sore throat.

Aids Digestion

Chamomile tea has long been used as an herbal medicine for digestive problems. In fact, it’s a popular natural remedy to treat colic in children. It can also relieve gas and prevent stomach ulcers.

The anti-inflammatory properties of chamomile may also prevent diarrhea. To reap these health benefits, drink a cup of chamomile tea 30 minutes before each meal.

Good For Skin

Chamomile tea can be used topically to treat skin conditions including rosacea and eczema. By adding chamomile flowers to a bath or applying topically, the calming effects help soothe itchy, scaly skin.

Natural polyphenols and phytochemicals in chamomile tea speed up scar healing and can minimize wrinkles and breakouts. That’s due to the antioxidant activity of the tea, which eliminate free radicals that cause oxidative stress.

Best Chamomile Tea Types

Egyptian Chamomile

This type of chamomile is regarded as the highest quality grade of chamomile tea. The plant is native to the valley region along the Nile River in Egypt. Egyptian chamomile tea offers an earthy flavor with fruity undertones. The tea’s subtle sweet and floral flavor makes it suitable for most palettes.

Egyptian chamomile tea tastes differently from other chamomiles due to terroir. Terroir means that herbs and plants are impacted by the environmental conditions and regional location in which they are grown. The rich, fertile soil of the Nile valley makes Egyptian chamomile more full-bodied and smooth than other chamomile teas.

Many tea brands including Stash Tea use Egyptian Chamomile in their premium tea blends. It is typically not mixed with other teas such as white tea or green tea so that it’s unique flavor can be fully appreciated.

German Chamomile

German chamomile is known by the botanical name Matricaria chamomilla. German chamomile is an annual plant that is commonly called Italian chamomile, wild chamomile, or Hungarian chamomile. German chamomile flowers droop from hollow yellow cones along each stem.

German chamomile offers a subtle apple flavor that is suitable for most tastes. This type of chamomile tea is gentle and soothing, without any potent or astringent flavors. In essence, German chamomile is sweeter than other chamomile varieties.

These plants are native to Western Europe, but are also commonly cultivated in Asia, Australia, and North America. German chamomile plants can grow up to two feet high and do best in sunny growing locations.

German chamomile contains higher concentrations of chamazulene and bisabolol—two powerfully fragrant chemical compounds—than Roman chamomile. These two compounds are responsible for chamomile tea’s soothing effects, making German chamomile slightly healthier than its Roman alternative. German chamomile is often blended with green tea and other herbs thanks to its subtle flavor profile.

Roman Chamomile

Roman chamomile is known by the botanical name Chamaemelum nobile. Roman chamomile flowers appear as white and yellow discs that are slightly rounded. Each hairy stem produces one single flower. Roman chamomile tends to have a bolder, slightly more bitter taste than German chamomile.

As a result, the best brands often blend Roman chamomile with sweeter herbal teas to even out the strong, bitter notes. It’s best suited for stronger tea drinkers and more nuanced palettes.

This type of chamomile is native to Western Europe and is characterized by silver-white flowers. The main difference between Roman chamomile and German chamomile plants is that the Roman variety has thicker leaves. The plant is also a perennial compared to the annual nature of German chamomile and only grows to about 12 inches high.

Fresh Chamomile Tea

There’s nothing quite like a freshly brewed cup of chamomile tea using organic chamomile flowers. You can harvest organic chamomile flowers from your own garden, purchase them online at Amazon, or find some at your local farmer’s market.

Always look for certified USDA organic flowers when brewing from scratch. Never use chamomile flowers that grow by industrial businesses or along roadways. These can be contaminated with chemicals that can make you sick. To brew fresh chamomile tea, simply place the flowers in hot water and steep for three to five minutes. Use a tea strainer to remove the flowers before drinking.

Certified organic loose leaf teas tend to have better flavor and health benefits when compared to tea bags. That’s usually because tea bags only contain broken pieces and dust of the healthy plants.

Loose tea on the other hand contains the whole flowers, ensuring you get all the flavor and benefits from each brew. If you absolutely have to use a chamomile tea bag, opt for one that is large enough to let the flowers expand completely to infuse flavor.

For the best chamomile tea flavor, we recommend brewing using loose leaf chamomile flowers and buds. Organic chamomile tea also ensures your beverage is free from harmful chemicals that can cause side effects such as allergic reactions and toxicity.

Soothe and Relax With The Best Chamomile Teas

Chamomile tea is one of the best teas from Canada to India and Western Europe to Africa. Organic chamomile herbal tea offers a subtle crisp apple flavor that is softly sweet and floral.

Chamomile tea can help induce sleep and reduce pain or stress thanks to its calming effects. The best chamomile tea is Egyptian chamomile followed by German and Roman varieties. Try them all and you’re sure to discover a chamomile tea you love.

Chamomile is one of the oldest and most popular medicinal herbs, but it has also become one of the best studied by modern medicine. According to one medical paper, more than one million cups of camomile tea are consumed per day around the world. For good reason, as this little white flower can have some big benefits for your health.

There are two types of chamomile typically used for medicinal purposes, German Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). There’s a very low risk of side effects to using chamomile as a tea or extract, however some people can be allergic to its pollen. People who suffer from ragweed allergies should be cautious.

1. Fall asleep faster

Chamomile tea and and essential oil aromatherapy are widely used to help induce sleep. Yet the effectiveness of chamomile as a sleep aide hasn’t been subjected to much clinical study. However on a chemical level, chamomile extracts have been shown to have sedative properties. So, go ahead and take your grandmother’s advice and have a cup of this herbal tea before bed.

2. Sooth common cold symptoms

We can’t say that chamomile is a cure for the common cold, but it can reduce suffering from its symptoms. Preliminary studies show that inhaling steam containing chamomile extract soothes the discomfort caused by an upper respiratory infection. Chamomile contains anti-inflammatory compounds, which may explain these benefits.

3. Reduce stress

Chamomile contains apigenin, a compound that has anti-anxiety effects. One study found that patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorder showed moderate benefits from taking camomile extract capsules when compared to a placebo.

4. Boost the immune system

A small study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry found that drinking chamomile tea boosts antibacterial compounds in the body. The researchers think this could explain why regular consumption of chamomile seems to fight colds, although more study would be needed to establish a definitive link.

Franz Eugen Köhler/Public Domain

Other traditional uses for chamomile are treating upset stomach, easing cramps, and as a topical ointment for wounds, eczema and chickenpox. However, its usefulness for these conditions have been studied less.

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