- You may also like
- Tree Browser
- Beautiful landscapes made easy.
- Unique Features
- Caring for the Autumn Blaze
- An Award Winning Tree
- Freeman’s Maple – Acer rubrum x saccharinum or Acer x freemanii
- Maple Trees
- Maple Trees have many different types
- Celebration Maple Tree
- Tall, Strong and Colorful Maple
- Planting & Care
- Freeman’s maple
- Tree & Plant Care
- Disease, pests, and problems
- Disease, pest, and problem resistance
- Native geographic location and habitat
- Bark color and texture
- Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, texture, and color
- Flower arrangement, shape, and size
- Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
- Cultivars and their differences
- Related posts:
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Trees can bring a lot to a garden—shade, fruit, colour, fragrance, height and flowers—as well as attracting wildlife and offering wonderful environmental benefits. There are also a lot of things to consider when selecting a tree, and there are a very wide range of beautiful specimens to choose from.
The main stem is only usually 10cm (4”) at most and will not grow further in height but the girth will grow. The head of the plant will continue to fill out with the overall size of the head varying dependent of plant type.
2. Quarter-standard (QS)
A tree with a single stem with clear trunk that is aproximatly 80-100cm is referred to as a quarter-standard.
3. Half-standard (HS)
A tree with a single stem with clear trunk approximatly 100-120cm is referred to as a half-standard.
4. Standard (Std)
A tree with a single stem with clear trunk at least 1.8m is referred to as a Standard. Some standard trees may have 4m+ trunks such as those that line roadsides, depending on the type of tree these may have been pruned or may naturally drop their lower branches as they grow.
5. Feathered (Fth)
A tree with single stem that has branches breaking from just above the bottom of the main trunk is referred to as feathered.
Planting and Conditions
The planting of trees is best done between October and April. Specimens that are grown in containers can be planted at any time of the year, but are much easier to care for in the long run if they are planted in the autumn or winter months.
Most trees will not grow in places where there is not enough air in the soil, or there are insufficient nutrients available. If the soil is too moist or too dry, trees will not flourish and may have establishment problems.
If your soil is waterlogged, especially over winter, consider installing drainage—or plant on a slight mound. Excess moisture can easily kill fine roots, so good drainage is paramount.
Improve fertility of the soil by incorporating fertiliser and organic matter into the soil prior to planting.
To plant trees, remove the plant from its container or fabric wrapping (unless the guarantee states that this should be left on!) and tease the roots out, spreading them gently. This is to help you get an idea of their spread. The hole that you use to plant your tree should be no deeper than the roots are, but it needs to be around three times the diameter of the root system.
Top heavy or larger specimen trees should be staked. Refill the planting hole carefully, and place soil around all the roots to eliminate air pockets. Don’t fill the hole with fertiliser or organic matter, as this can decompose and cause your tree to sink.
Avoid firming the soil too heavy-handedly so that it doesn’t compact into a solid mass.
You must practice caution when planting trees near buildings, as over a long period of time they can cause subsidence, drain damage or even pose a physical threat from falling branches.
If you are planting a larger specimen tree, it should be soaked prior to planting. If the roots look moist, soak for around half an hour. If the roots look dry, soak for up to two hours.
Aftercare and Pruning
Correct aftercare is of higher importance for specimen trees as the establishment phase can be much longer than that of smaller trees. This involves properly watering the specimen, and mulching the area around the tree properly.
There is no need to apply fertiliser to a tree during the first growing season. Lack of feeding encourages the roots to grow to the surrounding soil in search of moisture and nutrients, and this helps them to establish a healthy root system.
If the soil is infertile, feeding the year after planting may be beneficial. A balanced, general purpose feed spread over the whole root area will work best when applied in the spring time.
Newly planted trees require thorough watering to give them the best start. The amount of watering required will depend on your soil type. If you are planting in heavy clay soil, or soil with poor drainage, then watering should not be undertaken too frequently.
Grasses and weeds can compete with younger trees for nutrients light and moisture. Some climbing plants can also compete for these valuable resources, so should not be planted near trees when they are young. Some gardeners wish to have a climber growing on their tree, and this can look very beautiful—but should only be attempted when the tree is fully established.
All trees, but especially young and newly planted ones, benefit from mulching. This helps to supress weeds, conserve vital moisture and provide the nutrients that the tree desperately needs.
Some trees may show signs of reverted growth or ‘sporting’. This is where random shoots of different leaves associated with the plant’s parentage begin to appear. Most commonly this is where plants with variegated leaves sprout pure green growths instead of variegated ones.
To control reversion, remove reverted shoots promptly to discourage them. Reverted shoots are usually much more vigorous than the variegated ones, and thus should be completely pruned out and cut back into wood containing variegated foliage.
Suckers should also be promptly removed. Do this by tearing the shoot away from the root, removing most of the dormant basal buds and thus reducing the possibility of regrowth. Keep an eye out for returning suckers.
Most trees will benefit from occasional pruning. Pruning can make trees slightly smaller than they would be without it, but it rarely keeps a tree that is supposed to be big, small.
Deciduous trees should be pruned in autumn and winter, but some trees such as magnoliaand walnut trees should be pruned in late summer, as this allows for faster healing.
Trees that are prone to silver leaf disease should be pruned from April to July, when there are no disease spores on the wind, and the sap of the tree is rising (pushing out) rather than falling (pulling in). This will aid in pushing infection, if any, out of the tree. Some trees can bleed sap if pruned at the wrong time. This can weaken the tree, so try to prune at a time of year that is best for the tree.
Evergreen trees rarely need pruning, but dead or diseased branches should be removed in late summer.
Trees are large and slow growing, and are thus difficult to replace in gardens should you need to. Most trees have evolved over time and can withstand disease, but ill health in a tree is still a worry. Brown or yellow leaves can indicate drought stress, a soil problem or a nutrient deficiency.
Trees can also suffer from the fatal honey fungus, silver leaf, bacterial canker, root rot and verticillium wilt. Many of these can be treated or reduced with proper pruning or chemical sprays, but some are fatal. Once honey fungus takes hold, the only proper solution is extraction and burning of the infected material.
Severe sap bleeding can also be enough to kill a tree. Do not prune during the wrong season, and do not bind or wrap wounds from incorrect pruning. Instead, use a protective wound paint to seal the wound. Some gardeners claim that protective seals can increase the chances of infection because they can trap excess water. Always use your better judgement.
Pruning during summer months, as long as suitable for the specific plant, tends to reduce the chances of infection from sap bleeding.
Autumn Blaze® maple is a fast-growing tree with brilliant fall color.
If you want a large, fast-growing tree with spectacular fall color, Autumn Blaze® maple is an excellent choice. This dependable selection of Acer x freemanii (‘Jeffsred’, P.P. No 4864) – discovered by nurseryman Glenn Jeffers in the late 1960s and introduced in 1982 by Poplar Farms, Inc. of Batavia, IL – is a hybrid of red maple (A. rubrum) and silver maple (A. saccharinum), both native to the Eastern and Central US. This hybrid combines the best features of both parents: it has the vigor and adaptability of the silver maple along with the beauty and strength of the red maple. Although the Freeman maple cultivars sold in commerce were created from controlled crosses, hybrids between red and silver maples also occur naturally in the wild. This tree will grow in a wide range of climates from Wisconsin to central Florida, and is hardy in USDA zones 3-8. Autumn Blaze® is one of the most popular hybrid maples in the US and is also very popular in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and France. Because of it’s popularity, it has been overplanted in many landscapes and can be a large percentage of the species represented in the urban canopy.
Autumn Blaze® maple grows 40-60 feet tall.
Like its silver maple parent, Autumn Blaze® grows quickly. The growth rate of this cultivar is about four times faster than that of a red maple. Under optimal conditions it can grow 3 feet or more per year. Eventually it will grow 40-60 feet tall and 40-50 feet wide. At maturity it will have an oval to rounded crown with ascending branches and a well-defined central leader. This tree is not as susceptible to storm damage as silver maple because it has superior crotch angles and a well-balanced branching habit (inherited from its red maple parent) but still has the weaker wood characteristic of the silver maple. It grows in a very uniform shape, so requires little, if any, pruning. If a tree needs pruning, avoid doing this in spring, as the tree will lose large amounts of sap. The shallow root system may surface with age.
The opposite, simple, 4-6 inch long leaves are deeply cut with five palmate, pointed lobes with irregularly toothed margins. The petioles may be red or green, with more color developing where the foliage gets more intense sunlight. In the spring the smooth, glossy leaves have a reddish tint, while the summer foliage is a medium to dark green color on the upper surface and a silvery underside.
The deeply cut palmate leaves are a medium green (L), with a silvery underside (C) and often red petioles (R).
Leaves turn a brilliant red-orange in fall.
Autumn Blaze® maple has some winter interest, with an upright oval form and reddish color to the new growth.
The leaf veins are often red to reddish green, and most noticeable on the underside. In the fall Autumn Blaze® consistently develops brilliant, long-lasting orange-red color. This intense, vivid color, as well as its rapid growth rate, is the main reason to plant this tree. It also has some winter interest, with the new growth retaining a reddish color after leaf drop that persists until the following season and red buds. The trunk has smooth, thin, gray bark that becomes slightly furrowed with age.
Freeman maples trees largely sterile. The inconspicuous red or green flowers, if present at all, are produced in dense clusters at the ends of one year old branches in spring before the tree leafs out. Some trees have both male and female flowers, while others have only male flowers, and others none. Autumn Blaze® was originally thought to be a male tree, but has produced fruit in some cases. Many cultivars produce no fruit; if fruit is produced it is a samara – a winged nutlet produced in fused pairs.
If it blooms at all, this maple flowers in early spring before leafing out (L), with inconspicuous red or green flowers in dense clusters (LC and R) which may be female, male, or both (RC).
With its distinct upright oval form, Autumn Blaze® is excellent as a specimen planting, but can also be used in groups. Because of its size it is most appropriate for the larger yard, commercial landscapes and parks (other cultivars, mentioned below, are more appropriate for smaller properties or as street trees). Its thin bark is easily damaged, so it’s best not to use this tree in high pedestrian traffic areas. It can even be used in rain gardens (large ones), as it tolerates both wet and dry soils.
The bark of Autumn Blaze® maple is rather thin and damages easily. with brilliant fall color.
Plant this cultivar in full sun for best fall color. Autumn Blaze® is very adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions. It tolerates clay soil, and will withstand wet soil conditions and drought. It is not tolerant of high soil pH, though not as sensitive as red maple. Consider it for a site that isn’t right for red or sugar maple, or as a more colorful alternative in place of silver or Norway maples. This cultivar is readily available in B&B or bare root for planting in spring or fall. Because it is thin-barked, it is susceptible to frost cracks and sunscald, so it is recommended to protect young trees with tree guards during winter.
Autumn Blaze® has fewer problems with leafhoppers and verticillium wilt that adversely affect some slower growing maples. Since it’s a seedless cultivar, you won’t have to worry about weeding out thousands of seedlings.
There are several other selections of A. x freemanii, including the following. Cultivars are sometimes listed for sale as A. rubrum instead of A. x freemanii.
- ’Armstrong’ – is a narrow tree with ascending branches and inconsistent orange-yellow autumn color. It can grow 50-70 feet tall, but only spreads 15-20 feet. Because of its strongly upright growth habit it is often used for street planting (but not under power lines).
- Autumn Fantasy® (‘DTR 102’ PP7655) – grows to 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide with a broadly oval shape. The larger leaves consistently turn deep, ruby-red in autumn even in warmer climates.
- Celebration™ (‘Celzam’) – is a fairly compact, pyramidal tree reaching on about 15 feet high and wide, with red and gold autumn color. It can be sheared to use as a hedge.
- Firefall™ (PP 15593) – is a cross of ‘Beebe Cutleaf Weeping’ silver maple and ‘Autumn Spire’ red maple (PP 7803) released by the University of Minnesota. Growing up to 60 feet tall and 40 feet wide with an upright, oval form, and exceptional cold hardiness, this seedless cultivar with deeply cut foliage turns orange to scarlet early in the fall, so is well suited for northern areas.
- Matador™ (‘Bailston’) – this First Editions® selection is a smaller upright to oval tree, growing only about 45 feet tall and 40 feet wide, with deep red to orange red fall color. It colors later than many other cultivars and drops its leaves late in the season.
- Indian Summer™ (‘Morgan’) – is an extremely vigorous cultivar that was selected at Macdonald College in Quebec. It has good orange-red to bright red autumn color even in mild climates.
- ‘Marmo’ – is a selection from the collections at The Morton Arboretum with an upright, oval crown with a strong central leader that grows 40-70 feet tall with a spread of 35-40 feet. The autumn color is a blend of red and maroon with some green. This seedless cultivar with resistance to frost cracking is a Chicagoland Grows® introduction.
- Scarlet Sentinel™ (‘Scarsen’) – has yellow-orange to vivid red autumn color and an upright habit making it useful as a street planting and in parking areas.
- Sienna Glen® (‘Sienna’ PP11322) – this selection with a strong central leader that grows 50-60 feet tall and 35-40 feet wide with a rather pyramidal shape was discovered in Minnesota. The foliage turns yellow, rusty orange, and burgundy in fall.
– Susan Mahr, University of Wisconsin – Madison
Leaves: Fall color red to yellow, often excellent; silvery below; opposite; simple; toothed; 3 to 5 lobes per leaf, sinuses deep; deciduous.
Twigs/buds: Twigs brown-red. Buds red in winter.
Flowers/fruit: Flower inflorescences in ball-like clusters early in spring. Fruit in samaras, joined, 2 joined on a stalk, semi-divergent wings, pendulous, in clusters; yellow-brown at maturity from April to May.
Bark: Gray; smooth and thin when young; slightly furrowed when older.
Wood: In the soft maple group, as are both A. saccharinum and A. rubrum; the soft maple group has the following characteristics: heartwood lighter colored than sapwood; similar in appearance to hard maples, including A. saccharum and A. nigrum, in that the texture is uniform and fine, but the wood is lighter, softer, and weaker than hard maples; used to make railroad ties, pallets, boxes, veneer, and wooden ware.
General: This is a name given to several hybrids of red maple (Acer rubrum) and silver maple (Acer saccharinum). A large tree, from 40′ to 60′ tall, the habit can be oval, pyramidal, or columnar, depending on cultivar. Has enough silver maple characteristics that I worry about its long-term success in Utah landscapes. I especially worry about its ability to deal with heat and drought, and with high soil pH without becoming chlorotic. Also likely to be somewhat weak-wooded. Prefers full sun.
Landscape Use: Has very nice orange to red fall color. Urban tolerant. Zones 3-8.
Cultivars: ‘Armstrong’, ‘Autumn Blaze’, ‘Autumn Fantasy’, ‘Celebration’, ‘Firefall’, ‘Marmo’, ‘Morgan’, ‘Scarlet Sentinel’, ‘Sienna Glen’.
Beautiful landscapes made easy.
First the Silver Maple
They are often referred to as a soft maple because they damage easily in wind storms.
Yellow fall color.
Easily grown in urban soils.
Tolerant of higher alkaline levels.
Toleralnt of lower oxygen levels.
Native to Wisconsin.
Red maples are slower growing.
Troubles with low oxygen levels and higher PH of urban soils. Soil PH above 6.5 will cause the leaves to become lighter in color.
Less damage in wind storms.
Red fall color.
Native to Wisconsin.
Autumn Blaze Freeman Maple was the first freeman maple marketed which is one reason I believe it is so well known.
It was believed to have the fast growing attributes of the silver maple but the stronger wood of the red maple.
Will tolerate urban soils.
Tolerates the alkaline soils of urban areas and of Southern Wisconsin.
Tolerates low oxygen levels of urban soils and soils from recent construction.
Red Fall Color
The problem is Autumn Blaze Maples do suffer from storm damage easily. With the silver maple and the autumn blaze maple, this is not necessarily from weak wood but from acute branching angles that cause bark inclusion. When bark becomes included, there is less wood in the connection between the branch and main stem causing a weakness (See the image below). The branch on the left is closer to 90 degrees and is strong. The branch angle on the right is narrow (acute), resulting in the bark becoming included resulting in a weak branch. Proper pruning when the trees are young can limit this problem, but it will not eliminate it.
The Autumn Blaze Maple hybrid tree is truly a spectacular cross between a Silver Maple and a Red Maple. Homeowners and landscapers alike love the adaptability, dependability and vigor of this amazing performer.
Growing up to three feet or more per year, the Autumn Blaze Maple hits maturity four times faster than the Red Maple. This makes this tree a favorite amongst those who don’t want to wait for other shade varieties to grow. From the reddish hue of spring leaves to the deep green of the summer and the flaming orange and red fall foliage, this tree even leaves behind beautiful red wood all winter long.
A great advantage of the Autumn Blaze Maple over other trees is its adaptability to a wide range climate and soil conditions. Perfect for zones 3 through 8, this tree tolerates wet soil, clay soil and can even survive extended dry spells. When you plant your maple be sure to give it plenty of room to accommodate its rapid growth. Expect a mature height of 40 to 50 feet with a 20 to 30 foot spread. When used as a specimen, this tree is perfect for large front or open backyards. For best results, plant your tree in the fall or early spring before it gets too hot.
Caring for the Autumn Blaze
This hybrid Maple tree looks beautiful with little effort.
New Autumn Blaze Maple trees do best if given a slow dose of water for several weeks. Using a refillable water bag helps to regulate water and ensure that the tree gets just the right amount of water to thrive. Be sure to water your tree immediately after planting. Cover the area around the tree with a three inch layer of mulch, to assist in water retention. It is not necessary to fertilize a new tree; however, this is something that can be done as the tree matures, if you think it is lacking in nutrients. Always take a soil sample before applying any fertilizer.
Young Autumn Blaze Maple trees do not need to be pruned for several years. After this point, you will want to be sure to keep the tree free of suckers and prune off any cross branches that compromise tree growth. Light pruning can be done any time of the year, but for heavy pruning, late winter or early spring is the best.
Because they are so popular, Autumn Blaze Maple trees are widely available from a number of reputable online dealers or from local garden centers.
- Fast Growing Trees has 3-4 foot trees or 5-7 foot trees for sale online.
- Thuja Gardens offers three sizes of Autumn Blaze Maple tree and free shipping. Choose from 18-24 inch trees, 4-5 foot trees or 6-7 foot trees.
- Brighter Blooms offers discounts for multiple tree purchases, and curretly has both 3-4 foot and 5-7 foot trees available.
- Nature Hills Nursery sells a 4-5 foot Autumn Blaze Red Maple tree; enter your zip code to find out shipping costs.
An Award Winning Tree
There is little reason to wonder why the Autumn Blaze Maple hybrid has received numerous awards from landscape professionals, horticulturalists and consumers. This flexible, low maintenance tree adds spectacular year round interest to any garden.
Freeman’s Maple – Acer rubrum x saccharinum or Acer x freemanii
This lesser known hybrid maple is actually a cross between the common Silver and Red Maples in southern Ontario. Often found in wetland and swampy forest areas, this is one tree species that doesn’t mind getting its feet wet! The leaves of the Freeman’s Maple can be difficult to distinguish from those of its parent species, but tend to have notches less wide than the Red Maple, but larger than the Silver Maple. Many landscapers believe this tree captures the best qualities of both species: the fast growth of the Silver Maple with the hardier wood and brilliant colours of the Red Maple!
The leaves can take on characteristics of either parent species, and will sometimes appear blotchy red and yellow and orange in the fall
This species will tolerate wet conditions and even standing water for extended periods, but will also grow well in dry soils. This is a photo of our large stand of Freeman’s Maples in Wild Goose Woods.
Freeman’s Maple bark is smooth when young. Photo by Brian Lacey.
Freeman’s Maple twig and buds. Photo by Brian Lacey.
Freeman’s Maple flowers are a harbinger of spring.
Ontario Tree Atlas map of non-planted Freeman’s Maples. 1995-1999.
Return to tree listing page
Farrar, J.L.. 1995. Trees in Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd. Toronto. ON. 504 pp.
Kershaw, L. 2001. Trees in Ontario: Including tall shrubs. Lone Pine Publishing. Edmonton. AB. 240 pp
Muma, W. 2011. Ontario Trees and Shrubs. Available: www.ontariotrees.com
OMNR, 2008. Ontario’s Biodiversity: Species at Risk.
Maple Trees have many different types
Maple Trees known as Red Maple Trees are notorious for their dazzling fall colors
The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is commonly found throughout the midwestern and southern United States. There are a few everyday things found in the varieties of the red maples.
If you are accustomed to evening walks around your neighborhood. You discover yourself continually eyeing the sidewalk. Watching for cracks in the sidewalks or where one part of the street is higher than the other. To ignore the road, you may find your fall trip leaving you with a scraped up knee.
These red maple trees may be some of the culprits. The red maples possess a shallow root system. It is not unusual for some of its more massive roots to be near the surface. This can be detrimental to keeping a sidewalk flat and stable.
This tree is brilliant for attracting wildlife. If you are a fan of watching the squirrels scamper around the yard these trees are superb. The silver maple is probably more noted for its ability to attract squirrels; the red maple trees are not far behind.
On a smaller scale, the red maple is cultivated for its syrup. The sugar maple is more common for this. However, there are a few who will swear that the syrup in the red maple to be just as tasty as that of the sugar maple. As for the majority, the red maple is best as a shade and decorative tree or even bonsai art.
There are three common varieties of red maples which have massive demand in the United States. Two of the types are true red maples. The third is the hybrid red maple.
Maple Trees known as Red Sunset Maples have star-shaped leaves and are oval-shaped
Red Sunset are sometimes confused with the October red maple. The two trees are in fact two distinct trees are in fact different. The red sunset maple botanically referred to like the Acer rubrum “Franks red.” This tree has an upright oval shape to it. The leaves are star-shaped.
The root system of this tree is shallow. This may cause problems with the sidewalk. It does make a good street border tree if there is no sidewalk. It is fast growing and therefore makes an ideal tree to use for that empty lawn.
This tree is very hardy and able to be planted in a wide variety of soil types. One of the things favored by the tree is how resistant it is to the hot summers. It is an excellent tree for the Midwest and the northern USA. Fret not if you live in the southern USA its co-partner is many time the favored tree for the south.
Maple Trees known as October Glory Maples have ovate leaves
Botanically known as Acer rubrum “October glory” is very similar to the red sunset. The shape of the tree gives a round, oval shape. The leaf shape is more ovate.
It is a fast-growing tree which is common among the maples. The root system is slow growing but can have large shallow roots. Which may not be friendly with sidewalks. It is ideal for areas that are sunny. You can also grow in full or partial shade. Pruning is needed to build a stable structure for the tree and is recommended in the red sunset maple as well.
Maple Trees knon as the Autumn Blaze red maple are hybrid trees
It is a cross of the red and silver maple. It is the most requested tree in the USA. The shape of this maple is a combination of both the October glory red maple and the red sunset. Its way is oval/round and upright. This tree has an ovate leaf which provides an impressive show in the fall. This is when the color of the leaves will change to yellow, red, or orange. The leaves on the autumn blaze red maple last longer than other red maples.
Just like the real red maples, it is recommended to prune this tree to make it more sturdy. This tree has low surface roots, so it is also a common enemy to sidewalks. It is a fast grower, therefore, is a plus when you need shade in the summer.
An excellent choice for a shade tree. Whether you are trying to choose between the autumn blaze red maple, the October glory red maple or that of the red sunset. If it is a shade tree, you are in need of with a preference for a fast growing tree. Any of the trees will meet that requirement. They are all similar in their dazzling fall shows. That never seems to disappoint.
Maple Trees will make a stunning addition to any landscape or garden. It is effortless to grow and adaptable to sunlight needs and also adaptable to many types of soils, as long as the drainage is good. These trees do produce a whitish bloom and will add a hint of elegance to any area where it is planted. The foliage will turn beautiful shades of yellow, orange or red in the autumn before falling off.
Celebration Maple Tree
Tall, Strong and Colorful Maple
Why Celebration Maple Trees?
A hybrid of the Silver and Red Maples, the Celebration Maple is a deciduous accent tree that gets energetic growth from the Silver Maple side of its family. The excellent grower elevates at a stellar rate of 3 to 7 feet per year, making it a great choice for homeowners who can’t wait for a ‘heightened’ yard.
And if you want privacy quickly, you’ll save years with the Celebration. The high-performance hybrid delivers incredible growth, looking more each year like a property fixture that’s been there for generations. Plus, as autumn sets in, you’ll adore how the deeply-cut, classic maple foliage ignites in bright yellow-orange and red-orange hues. The Celebration’s colors are present throughout the entire fall season, so expect to enjoy them day after day.
Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better
While other yard trees can break down under harsh weather conditions, the Celebration Maple stands tall and strong. With a strong central leader and sharp-angled branches, the Celebration easily shoulders the weight of snow and ice and the strain of severe wind.
Even better? This Maple develops an upright, pyramidal form with a dense crown that resists breakage. And you can expect your Celebration Maple to remain with you through all the weather’s ups and downs, surviving and thriving, especially since we’ve planted and grown it at our nursery for long-lived success in your landscape.
Now, you can rest assured that you’re gaining a vigorous, hardy tree that will live a long life. With optimal care, expect the Celebration Maple to live 80 years or more. This handsome companion that will stand by your home for decades – so, get your Celebration Maple today!
Planting & Care
1. Planting: When fully grown, the Celebration Maple tree is broad with a low-growing canopy spread of at least 20 feet, so plant the tree 15 feet or more away from buildings or power lines. Otherwise, it can withstand wind, ice, snow, storm damage and thrive in areas of urban smog pollution. And it grows best when planted in full sunlight (6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day) and well-drained soil, though it can tolerate standing water for short periods of time.
Dig a hole that is twice the size of the tree’s root system. Place the tree into the hole and gently spread out the roots. Mix ample organic matter into the soil and tamp it down around the tree’s roots to remove all air pockets.
Place a two to three-inch layer of mulch beneath the tree (but not touching it) to prevent weed growth and help keep the tree’s root system moist.
2. Watering: For the first year after planting the Celebration Maple, keep the roots moist but not overly wet. A weekly watering is usually sufficient. After the tree has established itself, only water during periods of drought.
3. Fertilizing: Fertilize the Celebration Maple Tree in the spring. During the tree’s first few years of growth, use a general purpose fertilizer that has a slightly higher phosphorus ratio to encourage the tree’s roots to grow. Read the instructions on the fertilizer and apply it at the recommended ratio.
4. Staking: The young Celebration Maple tree only requires staking in areas of excessive wind. If the tree stands shorter than 12 feet then a singular, a low stake is all that is required. A tree that stands 12 feet or more will require two stakes.
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Tree & Plant Care
Avoid pruning maples in spring as they are ‘bleeders’ and will lose large amounts of sap
Disease, pests, and problems
Verticillium wilt (fungus) is a potential problem for maples; maple bladder gall.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
This hybrid has the strong branch attachment of the red maple and fast growth rate of the silver maple.
Less susceptible to chlorosis symptoms (yellowing leaves) than red or silver maples.
Native geographic location and habitat
Of hybrid origin, a cross between two native trees, red maple (Acer rubrum) and silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
Bark color and texture
Bark is fairly smooth and silver-gray, becoming fissured with age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, texture, and color
Simple leaves in pairs (opposite); 3 to 5 inches long.
The 5-lobed leaves are deeply lobed, with toothed sinuses; often resemble those of silver maple.
Medium green with a silvery underside.
Fall color is red-orange to yellow, variable by cultivar.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are inconspicuous. Some trees will have both male and female flowers, some will have only male flowers.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit are winged seeds in pairs (samaras).
Some cultivars produce no fruit.
Cultivars and their differences
“These plants are cultivars of a hybrid of two trees that are native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm’s Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.”
Armstrong Freeman’s maple (Acer x freemanii ‘Armstrong’): An upright, narrow form, growing 50 to 70 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide. Fall color is an orange-red, depending upon the season.
Autumn Blaze® Freeman’s maple (Acer x freemanii ‘Jeffersred’): A rounded to broad oval tree, growing 50 to 60 feet high and 40 to 50 feet wide. Has a strong central leader and better branching habit than silver maple. Fall color is a consistent orange-red. Originally thought to be a male tree, but has produced fruit in some cases.
Autumn Fantasy® Freeman’s maple (Acer x freemanii ‘DTR 102): A broadly oval form growing about 50 feet high and 40 feet wide. Produces bright red fall color.
Celebration® Freeman’s maple (Acer x freemanii ‘Celzam’): A broadly oval form growing about 50 feet high and 35 feet wide. Leaves are similar to silver maple, but this cultivar has a more uniform growth habit, making it more resistant to storm damage. It is more tolerant of urban conditions. Fall color is yellow to orange.
Firefall™ Freeman’s maple (Acer x freemanii ‘AF#1’): An upright oval form growing 50 feet high and 35 feet wide. The orange-red to red fall color develops a little earlier than other cultivars.
Marmo (Acer x freemanii ‘Marmo’): This cultivar has a uniform, upright to columnar form. It grows 45 to 70 feet high and 35 to 40 feet wide. Has a strong central leader and excellent branching habit. Fall color is an interesting mottled blend of red and green to burgundy, and yellow. Produces no fruit. The parent tree was selected from the collections at The Morton Arboretum. A Chicagoland Grows® introduction.
Sienna Glen® Freeman’s maple (Acer x freemanii ‘Sienna’): This cultivar has a strong central leader and a uniform, pyramidal shape. It grows 50 feet high and 35 feet wide. Fall color is orange to red-burgundy.