Fertilize bird of paradise

Feeding Bird Of Paradise Plants – How To Fertilize Bird Of Paradise Plants

Let’s talk about how to fertilize bird of paradise plants. The good news is that they don’t require anything fancy or exotic. In nature, bird of paradise fertilizer comes from decaying leaves and other decomposing forest litter. Rainwater slowly distributes the nutrients down into the roots. You can provide that natural fertilizer in your garden with a layer of mulch and regular feedings.

What to Feed Bird of Paradise Plants

Any bird of paradise plant, when planted in your garden, will benefit from a 2- to 3-inch deep (5-7 cm.) layer of mulch. Use organic materials such as wood chips, bark, leaves and pine needles. Just make sure to keep a mulch-free zone of around 2-3 inches (5-7 cm.) from your plants. Adding a bit of sand or gravel to the mulch will also help with drainage.

Birds of paradise plants tend to be heavy feeders. They prefer a balanced fertilizer that has equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (1:1:1). Steer manure offers a natural option that provides this balance and makes a great bird of paradise fertilizer.

Feeding Bird of Paradise Plants

How and when you fertilize a bird of paradise plant can differ depending on the type you are growing. Below are tips on feeding the three most common bird of paradise varieties.

Strelitzia Reginae

Strelitzia reginae is the plant with the familiar orange and blue flowers. It is the most cold tolerant and resilient. Top dressings of manure or blood meal are always welcomed by these plants. When grown outdoors, this bird of paradise responds well to granular landscape fertilizers. Commercial products such as slow release Osmocote or Nutricote are also good choices.

Apply fertilizer every three months during the growing season as directed by the manufacturer. Water plants before and after applying granular fertilizer. Do not leave any fertilizer on the leaves or other parts of the plant.

Bird of paradise plants grown indoors need a slightly different feeding schedule. You should be fertilizing bird of paradise plants every two weeks during the growing season and once a month in the winter. Use a water-soluble fertilizer.

Mandela’s Gold

Mandela’s Gold is a hybrid with yellow flowers. It is more sensitive to cold weather and often grown in pots. You should be feeding bird of paradise plants of this variety every two weeks during the growing season.

Top dress Mandela’s Gold plants with a layer of manure or compost. Don’t forget to keep the top dressing 2-3 inches (5-7 cm.) away from the plant stalk. Use watered in fertilizer once a month during the summer months. To encourage flowering, you can switch to a 3:1:5 formulation slow-release fertilizer every other month.

Strelitzia Nicolai

Strelitzia Nicolai, the tree-size variety of bird of paradise, will also enjoy a top dressing of manure. These white-flowering “big birds” can grow quickly when fertilized.

Feeding young bird of paradise plants of this species should be done once a month during the growing season. However, unless you want a truly giant bird of paradise, fertilizer is not required for mature Strelitzia Nicolai plants.

The Bird of Paradise is an orange flower.


The bird of paradise is a flower available to master gardeners (Level 31). To get one, buy its seed at Costolot’s Store for 79 coins or receive one from Seedos. They must be planted in soil, grass, or long grass. A mature bird of paradise will last for 5 days before wilting. Adding 3 bags of orange fertilizer immediately after planting it will fully catalyze it and once fully catalyzed can be sold for 1,400 coins.

A fully catalyzed bird of paradise


  • Having one in the garden will bring Parrybo visitors to your garden
  • Feeding 4 bird of paradise flowerheads to a chippopotamus will help it reach its romance requirements
  • Feeding a bird of paradise to a Crowla or Newtgat will turn them into their orange variant. This also works with a chippopotamus but the chippo must also eat a waterlily seed
  • Feeding a bird of paradise to a white flutterscotch will cause it to change into an orange flutterscotch

Trouble in Paradise

The bird of paradise is a flower available to master gardeners (Level 31). To get one, buy its seed at Costolot’s for 79 coins or receive one from Seedos. They must be planted in soil, grass, or long grass. A mature bird of paradise will last for 5 days before wilting. Adding 3 bags of orange fertilizer immediately after planting it will fully catalyze it and once fully catalyzed can be sold for 1,400 coins.

  • Having a bird of paradise flower in your garden will cause a Parrybo to appear
  • Having two bird of paradise flowers will bring Parrybo visitors to your garden
  • Feeding 4 bird of paradise flowerheads to a chippopotamus will help it reach its romance requirements
  • Feeding a bird of paradise to a Crowla or Newtgat will turn them into their orange variant.
  • Feeding a bird of paradise to a white flutterscotch will cause it to change into an orange flutterscotch
  • Feeding a bird of paradise to an Eaglair will make it perform trick 1

Pocket Paradise

The bird of paradise is a flower available to any gardeners level 5 or higher. To get one, buy its seed at Costolot’s for

Bird of paradise as it appears in Pocket Paradise

72 coins or receive one from Seedos. They must be planted in soil, grass, or long grass. A mature bird of paradise will last for 5 days before wilting. Adding a bag of red fertilizer to a premature bird of paradise will fully catalyze it.

  • Having one in the garden will bring Parrybo visitors to your garden
  • Feeding 4 bird of paradise flowerheads to a chippopotamus will help it reach its romance requirements
  • Feeding a bird of paradise to a Mothdrop or Newtgat will turn them into an orange colored variant.


Apple Tree · Banana Tree · Bird of Paradise · Blackberry bush · Bluebell · Blueberry Bush · Bullrush · Buttercup · Cactus · Carrot · Chili · Corn · Daisy · Dandelion · Fir Tree · Fire weed · Garlic · Gem Tree · Gooseberry bush · Hazel Tree · Hemlock · Holly bush · Monkeynut Tree · Nightshade bush · Oak Tree · Orange Tree · Orchid · Palm Tree · Pea · Poison Ivy · Poppy · Prickly Pear · Pumpkin · Radish · Rose · Snapdragon · Snowdrop · Sunflower · Thistle · Tiger Lily · Toadstool · Tulip · Turnip · Venus Piñata Trap · Water Lily · Watercress · Yam

In the game Viva Pinata some of your time will be taken up tending to your
plants and trees, the trees require water to grow and will happiy do so if
left to their own devices, however you can also provide ‘Bonus Growth’ to
the plants in order to make it more fruitful, larger and worth more chocolate
This is done in one of two ways:
1 – By using fertilizer on the plant, the general rule is that the fertilizer
should match the colour of the plant but that is not always clear. In some
cases such as the Apple Tree it is easy to work out Apples=Red Fertilizer,
but with others, the Daisy for example or even the Gem Tree it is much more
difficult. A good system for checking is to grow a basic plant and feed the
fruit of a tree to a Taffly, Taffly’s have the ability to produce fertilzer
after eating a fruit that has been dropped, and this fertilizer will be the
colour corresponding to that tree.
2 – By making use of the Cocoadiles Tears ability. By directing a Cocoadile to
a plant it will cry on the plant thus giving it fertilization it requires.
However this only works wih certain plants.
It should be noted that there are two different types of plant. There are
regular plants which can be given the maximum number of three lots of
fertilizer at once and there are trees which require being fertilized at
particular intervals. These intervals are shown by the tree shedding its
leaves and as such the growth of trees would undoubtedly require some
attention. Also note that fertilizing plants does not save them from needing
watering, you will have to water your plants no matter what, or at least have
a Sprikling do so on your behalf.
Also note that upon reaching Level 20, and assuming you have the Ivor Bargain
trading shop open you will have acces to the Special Mix fertilizer, which can
fertilize anything, though it will still need three shots of it.
Here is a list of which plants take which fertilizer.
Apple Tree
Banana Tree
Bird of Paradise
Blackberry Bush (bushes are counted as trees)
Nightshade Bush
Water Lily
Gem Tree
Fir Tree
Hazel Tree
Monkeynut Tree
Gooseberry Bush
Oak Tree
These are the prices of the fertilizers.
Red – 18
Yellow – 3
Orange – 3
Purple – 9
Blue – 30
Brown – 45
Green – 63
Special Mix – 9
What this shows it that it can be cheaper to get the corresponding colour for
your fertilizer from Costalot’s, rather than getting the seemingly inexpensive
Special Mix from Ivor Bargain. For instance, if you are growing the fairly
lucrative Bird of Paradise Flower you will see that it makes use of the Orange
fertilizer and as a result it is actually cheaper to use the fertilizer from
Costalot’s rather than from Ivor Bargain’s. However, if in the position
where you are growing Orchids, for a Galagoogoo’s Romancing requirements
as an example, it will be much better to make use of the Special Mix.
List of Plants with description and Information.
Apple Tree
Lots of creatures like to eat apples, and this is the most efficient way to
get them fresh. This tree may be small, easy to grow and cheap to get hold
of, but it is worth it in its weight in apples!
Must be planted in Grass or Soil or Long Grass.
Fertilized with Red Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Apple.
Seed Price – 55 Chocolate Coins
Banana Tree
This tropical tree is loaded with delicious yellow bananas. you know which
Pinatas love bananas, right? Well, you better grow this tree if you want to see
Must be planted in Grass or Soil or Long Grass.
Fertilized with Yellow Fertlizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Banana.
Seed Price – 154 Chocolate Coins
Fir Tree
Tall and Elegant, the fir tree can withstand arctic conditions. The cones it
produces are equally tough, so only desperate animals or those with the
sharpest teeth can eat them.
Must be planted in Grass or Soil or Long Grass.
Fertilized with Brown Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Fir Cone.
Seed Price – 83 Chocolate Coins
Gem Tree
This tree is unique to Pinata Island, and instead of fruit, it grows minerals
– more specifically gems. If you ever wanted a tree that grows money, then
this is the closest you can get!
Must be planted in Grass or Soil or Long Grass.
Fertilized with Blue Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Gem.
Seed Price – 238 Chocolate Coins
Note Gem Tree Seeds are bought from Ivor Bargain rather than Costalot’s.
Hazel Tree
If you want nuts, you should grow this little tree. It’ll give you nuts and
then some. When you have nuts, the Pinatas that like nuts will appear – they
may even stay, just because you have nuts. Crazy!
Must be planted in Grass or Soil os Long Grass.
Fertilized with Brown Fertilizer, Cocadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Hazelnut.
Seed Price – 83 Chocolate Coins
Monkeynut Tree
Just look at the branches on this strange little tree. they look like the bars
of a climbing frame, and growing on the end of each branch are the tasty
little nuts that drive some Pinatas wild!
Must be planted in Grass or Soil or Long Grass.
Fertilized with Brown Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Monkeynut.
Seed Price – 116 Coins
Oak Tree
The most impressive, mighty and enormous tree you will ever see in your
garden. Be warned that you will need patience, care and lot of water before
you will ever see the oak at its full potential.
(Copied from in-game Encyclopedia – spelling mistake included)
Mus be planted in Grass or Soil or Long Grass.
Fertilized with Green Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Acorn.
Seed Price – 303 Chocolate Coins
Chillis share their colour with fire engines. this engine is famous for
stopping fires, while the chilli will start one in the mouth of anything that
is brave or foolish enough to eat it.
Must be planted in Grass or Soil.
Fertilized with Red Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Chille.
Seed Price – 22 Chocolate Coins
Corn has wholesome yellow grains that some Pinata find irresistable. Who
doesn’t like lovely, sweet, sun ripened corn? To some the humble ear of corn
is the most controversial of all the vegetable plants and must be strenuously
tested to make sure it does not cause offence! It sounds crazy but it’s true!
Must be planted in Grass or Soil.
Fertilized with Yellow Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Corn
Seed Price – 7 Chocolate Coins
A fully grown pumpkin can reach a mammoth size, but this is a carefully
protected Master Gardeners’ secret. You’ll know you have mastered vegetable
growing when you can grow a humongous pumpkin.
Must be planted in Grass or Soil.
Fertilized with Orange Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Pumpkin.
Seed Price – 13 Chocolate Coins
The last time I saw something this swollen and purple, I’d slammed a door on
my thumb.
Must be planted in Grass or Soil.
Fertilized with Purple Fertilizer, Cocoadile Tears or Special Mix Fertilizer.
Produces Turnip
Seed Price – 2 Chocolate Coins

Bird of Paradise Plant Food

bird of paradise image by Earl Robbins from Fotolia.com

The bird of paradise, a member of the banana plant family, is an attractive ornamental that grows in USDA climate zones as far north as zone 8. It forms clumps of dark green, strap-like leathery leaves, above which rise the unusual orange and purple flowers that resemble a tropical bird. Several types of fertilizer are effective in keeping this plant healthy and in helping it produce a large array of flowers.

Nutritional Needs

The University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture recommends that bird of paradise plants receive 1 pound of a slow-release balanced fertilizer every three months to help the plant grow to its maximum potential and produce the flowers that give it its name. This university also suggests spreading a 3- to 4-inch layer of organic mulch around the plant’s base to keep the soil moist and to provide a continuous supply of nutrients.

Animal Manure

You can use well-composted animal manures to fertilize bird of paradise plants, or you can purchase manure in bags at your nursery. Steer or chicken manure is strong stuff, so make manure “tea” by mixing 2 cups of this material with every gallon of water you need to water your plants. Be sure not to fertilize your bird of paradise plant when it is dry: it’s best to run a sprinkler or soaker hose for about 30 minutes before you water with your manure tea. Use 1 gallon of mixed manure tea for each plant every three months, according to the University of Hawaii, and be sure you don’t over fertilize this plant.

Blood Meal

The University of Florida recommends fertilizing bird of paradise plants with blood meal if you prefer to use an organic product for your plant. Blood meal comes from animal blood that is dried and powdered. It helps plants to develop strong, healthy foliage because of its high nitrogen content. The N-P-K ratio of blood meal is normally 12-0-0, according to Colorado State University. It’s best to use blood meal only in spring, when your bird of paradise plant is beginning its annual growth, because if you give it excessive nitrogen, the plant will produce lots of foliage, but fewer flowers. If you till in 5 to 10 pounds of powdered blood meal for every 100 square feet of garden area, the University of Colorado reports, the blood meal will remain active for one to four months.

Granular Landscape Fertilizers

You can use commercially available granular landscape fertilizer on bird of paradise plants. When you use a granular fertilizer, scatter the recommended amount on the soil around your plant, according to label instructions. Be careful not to use too much of this type of product, especially if it has a high nitrogen content. Clemson University advises fertilizing every two weeks beginning in spring and then increasing the frequency to every week in summer, but then stop giving your plant fertilizer in fall and winter. For plants that are three years and older, the University of Florida suggests monthly feedings of low nitrogen fertilizer to promote flower production beginning in March and continuing until mid-summer.

Slow and Controlled-Release Fertilizers

The National Gardening Association recommends controlled-release fertilizers as a remedy for the “feast or famine” effects of other types of fertilizer. Slow-release fertilizers can also benefit the environment, because they do not deliver a large amount of chemicals into the groundwater system all at once. Synthetic organics made from urea are often included in slow-release fertilizers, as well as natural organic materials, such as cottonseed meal, fish emulsion, soybean meal, manures and compost. The brand names of some controlled-release fertilizers include Osmocote and Nutricote. Apply these types of fertilizers around your bird of paradise plants once every three months, starting in March, and repeating your application in June and September.

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia)

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia)

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia) is a much loved plant in Australian gardens. Their common name comes from their striking flowers – bright, plumed blooms perched on long stems that look like the crests of tropical birds peeking through the leaves.

They’ve more to offer than just looks though. Native to South Africa, Strelitzias are tough plants. They’ll withstand drought, salty coastal conditions, light frost and general neglect. They’re perfect for beginner gardeners as they don’t ask very much once established, and are fantastic at bouncing back from just about any gardening mishap.

Planting, Care and Maintenance

The most important thing to do for a Strelitzia is to plant it somewhere that suits its needs, and it will mostly take care of the rest. That means a sunny position, at worst part shade, with free draining soil. They can cope with either very little water or lots – provided that the water is running through the soil away from the plant. If they are left to sit in boggy soil, the fleshy roots will slowly rot, killing your plant.

Fertilise your Strelitzia in spring and autumn with a general purpose fertiliser like Ferticote. Those gorgeous flowers will appear in spring, summer and if you’re lucky winter too, so either cut them to enjoy inside in a vase or trim them off when the flower has finished to help the plant conserve energy. Leaving finished flowers on the plant will discourage it from producing more.


There are three main varieties of Strelitzia:

Strelitzia Reginae is the most recognisable and popular variety, with striking orange and blue flowers amongst broad, tropical looking leaves. In lush environments with plenty of water, the leaves will be a deep green, while in drier environments they take on a touch of pretty silvery-grey. Growing to 1.5 metres high by one metre wide, the plant keeps a dense, clumping habit.

Strelitzia Nicolai growing to 4 or 6 metres tall, Nicolai is a more dramatic choice in the garden. There are fewer leaves but they are much larger. The flowers are the same shape as Reginae, but dark blue and white. Try them as a lovely tropical screen.

Strelitzia Juncea sets itself apart from Nicolai and Reginae with the absence of those broad, tropical leaves. While a similar size and shape to Reginae, the leaves grow long and straight like tubes or grass. When dotted with the trademark orange and blue flowers, they look like a burst of fireworks. They are slower growing than other Strelitzias but their architectural shape makes them a great choice for those that don’t like the tropical look – particularly in modern gardens.

Pests and Diseases

Thankfully Strelitzias are not prone to any serious problems in Australia. The most common are:

  • Root Rot: Caused by inadequate drainage. Water builds up around the fleshy roots, causing them to slowly rot. It can be hard to identify early as the plant slowly wilts and looks generally miserable. Digging into the soil reveals slimy and sometimes dark roots. Try raising the garden bed or in clay soils, adding gypsum to help improve the soil structure.
  • Mealy Bug or Scale: These tiny insects can be a problem throughout the garden. Either spray them off with a jet of water and squash them or, for big infestations, consider a spray with an insecticide.
  • Leaf Blight: Usually identified by white spots on the leaves with a ring of green around them. This is a fungal issue, and is treated with a spray of a fungicide.


Sydney Park Brown and Robert J. Black2


Bird-of-paradise or crane flower (Strelitzia reginae) is a native of South Africa and is closely related to the banana. The herbaceous plant derives its common names from the unique flower it bears, which resembles a brightly colored bird in flight (Figure 1). The leathery leaves are held upright on stiff leafstalks and are about 6 inches wide and 18 inches long. The plant forms a 3- to 5-foot-tall clump that can be used as a focal point in the landscape (Figure 2) or in mass plantings. The evergreen leaves of bird-of-paradise do not drop from the plant, which makes it an excellent addition around pools or wherever shedding leaves are an aesthetic and/or maintenance problem.

Bird-of-paradise makes an attractive landscape plant throughout Florida although it requires cold protection in the northern part of the state. The plant will tolerate temperatures as low as 24°F for a short time; however, freezing temperatures will damage developing flower buds and flowers. To ensure flower production in north Florida, grow bird-of-paradise in a container that can be moved indoors during freezes.

Figure 1.

Flower of bird-of-paradise.


Design Pics

The showy bloom is actually a combination of blue petals and orange sepals that emerge from a beak-like bract (modified leaf). Blooms appear intermittently most of the year. Healthy, mature plants can produce as many as three dozen flower spikes a year, which will last up to two weeks when cut.

Figure 2.

Bird-of-Paradise plants make a handsome focal point in the landscape.



Related Species

Bird-of-paradise is a member of the Strelitziaceae family which contains other species often seen in central and south Florida landscapes. S. nicolai (white or giant bird-of-paradise) grows to 15-30 feet and has large, paddle-like leaves arranged spirally around a distinct stem. Its large size and white flowers resemble the traveler’s tree (Ravenala madagascariensis). However, the leaves of traveler’s tree are arranged in a flattened, symmetrical fan and the flowers lack blue petals. New shoots of traveler’s tree are produced at the base of the plant and should be removed if a solitary form is desired. White bird-of-paradise grows more slowly than traveler’s tree and is more cold tolerant. It also produces dense offshoots that should be thinned occasionally.

Planting and Care

Culture Information

Bird-of-paradise grows in most soils, but does best in fertile, organic soils with good drainage. It is considered to be a slow growing plant. For good flower production, place plants in sunny or partially shaded locations. Plants grown in partial shade will be taller and have somewhat larger flowers. In full sun, plants are smaller and flowers are on shorter stems. The bird-of-paradise will tolerate light salt spray but should not be used in exposed locations near the ocean.

Bird-of-paradise tends to produce more flowers along the outside of the plant. Thus, spacing the plants at least 6 feet apart will allow adequate space for flowering.

Planting Information

The planting hole should be dug 2 to 3 times the diameter of the root ball. Make it as deep as the root ball is tall. Before planting, thoroughly water the plant and remove it from the container. Gently place the plant in the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is no deeper than the soil surface. Planting too deeply may cause a delay in flowering. Fill around the ball with soil and gently firm the soil. Water thoroughly while planting to remove air pockets. Construct a saucer-like basin around the plant from the extra backfill soil. This will hold water until it drains down to the plant’s roots.

Where the soil is hard, compacted, or poorly drained, consider digging a planting hole half as deep. Mound the soil to cover the sides of the root ball. A plant installed in this manner might require more frequent irrigation during dry periods but is not likely to suffer from drainage problems.

Care after Planting

The success or failure of a new planting often depends on whether the plant receives adequate moisture during the establishment period (i.e., the first six months). Dry or soggy conditions will cause leaves to yellow and eventually die. Once established, bird-of-paradise prefers frequent watering from rain or irrigation during the warm growing season. During the winter months, plants should be watered only when the soil is fairly dry.

A 2-3 inch deep layer of mulch placed around the base of plants helps conserve moisture, stabilizes root temperature, and reduces weed infestations. Keep a 2-3 inch circular area around the stems of plants free of mulch to decrease the chance of stem rot.

Common organic mulch materials include leaves, pine needles, bark, and wood chips. Inorganic materials like gravel and crushed stone are also suitable.

Fertilization and Pruning

For best growth and flowering, bird-of-paradise requires fertilization. Organic fertilizers (such as sewage sludge, manure, or blood meal), granular landscape fertilizers, or controlled-release materials such as Osmocote® or Nutricote® can be used. Spread fertilizer around plants every three months during the growing season according to the label directions. Dead leaves and old flower stalks should be removed to increase the aesthetic quality of the plant and to reduce the chance of fungal organisms building up on the dead tissue.



The bird-of-paradise is easily propagated by division. Dig up and separate old clumps, dividing those with four to five shoots into single-stem divisions. For best results, divide clumps during late spring or early summer.

Re-plant divisions at the same soil depth at which they were previously growing. Keep the soil moist until roots are established (at least three months), then begin fertilizing. This method will produce mature, flowering plants in one to two years.


A bird-of-paradise grown from seed will take three to five years to bloom. The black seeds have orange fuzz on one end and are the size of sweet pea seeds (Figure 3). Collect, prepare, and plant the seeds as soon after harvest as possible. To increase the germination time, soak the seeds in lukewarm water for one or two days and then scarify them (nick the hard seed coat) with a knife or small file. Scarified seeds usually germinate in one to two months. Some gardeners report that germination time can be further reduced by placing the un-scarified seeds in a plastic bag and putting them in a refrigerator at 40-45°F for two weeks. This treatment should still be followed by scarification.

Sow seeds in vermiculite, a one-to-one mixture of peat and perlite, or a ready-made mix to a depth of 1/2-1 inch. The soil must be kept consistently damp until the seeds sprout. This requires patience as it can take anywhere from one month to a year for the seeds to germinate depending on the pre-treatment. To ensure a moist, humid environment during this prolonged period, cover the seed flat or container with a sheet of glass or clear plastic and place it in a warm area that receives indirect light. Occasionally check the dampness of the soil and water when necessary. Transplant seedlings individually into individual pots when they have two true leaves. Light fertilizations can begin at this stage. The young plants should be ready to transplant into larger pots or the landscape after two to three months.

Figure 3.

Propagating bird-of-paradise from seeds take patience and persistence.



Pest and Disease Problems

The bird-of-paradise is relatively pest free. Occasional insects may include aphids, caterpillars, grasshoppers, scales and snails. A leaf borer may attack the flower bracts during August and September. Fungal leaf spot disease may also occur. None of these typically threaten the overall survival of the plant. Information and recommendations for insect and disease management are available from your local county extension office http://solutionsforyourlife.ufl.edu/map/.


This document is ENH-79, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Publication date: February 1991. Revised: March 1994, October 2003, July 2007, and August 2016. Reviewed: November 2010 and October 2013. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

Sydney Park Brown, associate professor emeritus; and Robert J. Black, professor emeritus, Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county’s UF/IFAS Extension office.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.

Bird of paradise is a superb plant, boasting simply magnificent flowers and nicely dense leafage.

Basic Bird of Paradise facts

Name – Strelitzia reginae
Family – Strelitziaceae
Type – perennial

Height – 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m)
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary

Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – May to September.

Planting bird of paradise

Bird of paradise is sensitive to frost and can only be planted directly in the ground in regions with mild enough winters.

It normally lives in the warmer regions of the globe that offer rather tropical growing conditions and must be grown in pots and brought indoors in winter if this isn’t the case.

Planting bird of paradise directly in the ground

  • plant in spring,
  • a very sunny spot,
  • a mix of soil mix and garden soil for planting in the garden,
  • rather moist soil, cool but well drained.

Planting bird of paradise in pots

  • good flower plant soil mix if in a container,
  • a partly shaded emplacement to avoid drying up too fast,
  • avoid drafts and favor shelter from wind.

Pruning and caring for bird of paradise

If the bird of paradise is well planted and its location suitable, it will only require little care.

No pruning is actually necessary except if you wish to balance the shrub out.

  • If so, favor light pruning.
  • Eliminate dried leaves as they appear.

Bird of paradise in winter

If it was planted in the ground outdoors, it means your climate will allow for it, and so there isn’t much to do except to protect the plant if ever temperatures drop.

In pots and in areas where winters are quite cold, proceed with bringing the plant inside to a spot where the temperatures stay cool.

  • Position the plant in a luminous room.
  • The room temperature must never drop below 50°F (10°C) in winter.
  • Reduce watering in winter.

Watering bird of paradise

In summer, when the weather is hot, it is important to water bird of paradise often, especially when grown in pots.

  • Watering is preferred in the evening to reduce evaporation.
  • Avoid wetting the leafage.
  • Reduce the watering for the bird of paradise in winter, especially for potted specimens.

All there is to know about bird of paradise

This very beautiful shrub offers a unique yellow and violet blooming that looks like an elegant bunch of arrow tips.

Native to South Africa, it naturally prefers rather warm climate if growing in the ground, otherwise you can plant it in a container and bring it in in winter.

Its natural environment is around bodies of water, which is why it requires a certain amount of soil moisture to thrive.

Watering must be regular but amounts must stay moderate during the entire blooming season.

Smart tip about bird of paradise

To increase blooming, you can add organic fertilizer in spring and renew the application once in summer.

Read also

  • Ideas of flowered shrubs for a hedge
  • Shrubs that flower in the summer

Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Bird of paradise flower by chowbins under license
Bird of paradise shrub by Erik Lyngsøe under license

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