- Maple Trees
- Maples For Cold Climates – Types Of Maple Trees For Zone 4
- Cold Hardy Maple Trees for Zone 4
- Before you start: Check out our complete guide for harvesting sap and making syrup
- Identifying Maple Trees by bark and buds
- 1. Identify Maples by the branches: Opposite Branching and Paired buds
- 2. Identify Maples by Bark and rule out other opposite branching trees
- How to Identify Maple Trees in the Winter
- Fast Growing Maple Trees
- Maple Trees – Height at delivery is 2-3 Feet Tennessee Wholesale Nursery Grower Direct Prices Affordable Low Prices
Maples are trees or shrubs in the genus Acer. There are dozens of maple tree species and some of them are very well known, such as the sugar maple. Some of the most popular species of maples in the United States are the sugar maple, red maple, silver maple, Japanese maple, and the black maples.
Many Improved Varieties Offered
There are multitudes of cultivars that have been developed from these tree species. Maple trees are valued for their shade, wood, sap, and landscape qualities. Most maple species are fast growing and will provide shade much faster than a slower growing species such as the oak family. Most maple trees are deciduous except for some Asian species that are evergreen. Our plant growers are always working to improve the resistance, hardiness and color for trees that work beautifully in today’s landscapes.
Beautiful Fall Color From Maple Trees
One of the maple trees most enduring qualities is their fall colors. Reds, oranges, yellows, and bronzes burst out in the fall creating wonderful landscape views. Part of the fall beauty of the New England states can be attributed to the majestic maple trees.
Less Mess From Improved Varieties
The distinctive fruit of the maple tree are very recognizable. The seeds are winged and they may be labeled as “whirlybirds” or helicopters. The seeds acquired the names from the floating action of the winged seeds as they float to the ground.
Today, many maple tree cultivars are male maple trees, so they are seedless. This means less mess and less maintenance for you.
Maple trees are planted as ornamental trees by homeowners, businesses and municipalities. Many smaller maples such as the Japanese maple are popular as specimen trees.
Maples For Cold Climates – Types Of Maple Trees For Zone 4
Zone 4 is a difficult area where many perennials and even trees cannot survive the long, cold winter. One tree that comes in many varieties that can endure zone 4 winters is the maple. Keep reading to learn more about cold hardy maple trees and growing maple trees in zone 4.
Cold Hardy Maple Trees for Zone 4
There are plenty of cold hardy maple trees that will make it through a zone 4 winter or colder. This only makes sense, as the maple leaf is the central figure of the Canadian flag. Here are some popular maple trees for zone 4:
Amur Maple – Hardy all the way to zone 3a, it grows to between 15 and 25 feet in height and spread. In the fall, its dark green foliage turns bright shades of red, orange, or yellow.
Tartarian Maple – Hardy to zone 3, it usually reaches between 15 and 25 feet high and wide. Its large leaves usually turn yellow and sometimes red, and drop a little early in the fall.
Sugar Maple – The source of ever popular maple syrup, sugar maples are hardy down to zone 3 and tend to reach between 60 and 75 feet in height with a 45 foot spread.
Red Maple – Hardy to zone 3, the red maple gets its name not just for its brilliant fall foliage, but also for its red stems that keep providing color in winter. It grows 40 to 60 feet high and 40 feet wide.
Silver Maple – Hardy to zone 3, the undersides of its leaves are silver in color. It’s fast growing, reaching between 50 and 80 feet high with a spread of 35 to 50 feet. Unlike most maples, it prefers shade.
Growing maple trees in zone 4 is relatively straightforward. Apart from the silver maple, most maple trees prefer full sun, though they will tolerate a little shade. This, along with their color, makes them excellent standalone trees in the backyard. They tend to be healthy and hardy with few pest problems.
Before you start: Check out our complete guide for harvesting sap and making syrup
We like to plan out the maple tapping around Valentine’s Day. For anyone new to sugaring on their land, the first step is knowing which trees are good maples for tapping. If you did not identify them in the Summer when the iconic maple leaves were easy to spot, don’t fret. It is absolutely possible to ID the maples on your land in winter so you can make your own syrup.
We published a complete guide to help absolutely ANYONE harvest sap from maple trees and turn it into pure, wonderful syrup. The book is loaded with everything you need to know, including easy to understand, cheap strategies and detailed plans. If you find this blog post helpful, get ready–the rest of what you need to know is in this book.
Check it out here: bit.ly/DIYMaple
Identifying Maple Trees by bark and buds
Summer identification is a piece of cake for most people. You just need to see the leaves and you’re done. But how on earth can we do it without the lovely leaves in the winter? Although it might be hard to tell at first, maple trees have two very distinguishing features: bark and branching patterns.
1. Identify Maples by the branches: Opposite Branching and Paired buds
Maples are unique from many other deciduous trees in that it buds in pairs and has opposite branches (branches come out at the same point on the parent branch on opposite sides), like this:
Note: Not EVERY branch on a maple will have an opposite branch pair since they can break off or fail to thrive for various reasons, but you will begin to recognize the way a tree with paired branches look versus alternate branching with some practice.
2. Identify Maples by Bark and rule out other opposite branching trees
Identifying opposite branching is only one component to identifying maples. Let’s take a look at the bark. Maples are diverse, and can be smooth when the tree is younger and can get rather shaggy as it ages. Here are some examples from our land:
Those all look pretty darn different to me! I confuse the bark of maple with oak all the time, but luckily oak doesn’t have opposite branching. Its branches alternate.
This is why identifying the branching pattern is so important!
There are only a handful of trees with opposite branching, which is great news for us maple lovers. If you can identify a tree has opposite branching and think it could possibly be a maple, there are really only two trees you need to rule out: Ash and Dogwood. There are other trees and plants with opposite branching, but I don’t think they’re an issue since they either don’t look like a big tree or they don’t typically grow in the regions where syrup is made.
Rule out the Ash
The branches of an ash look quite different from a maple despite the similar branching pattern, and the bark is fairly easily distinguished from maple with its diamond pattern. Usually one look at the bark and you can tell it’s not a maple. A typical example of Ash bark is shown below.
Rule out the Flowering Dogwood
I’ve never found a dogwood near me, but the key characteristic to look for in winter is the bark. Dogwood bark has a cool blocky look that reminds me of alligators:
Photographer: Charles Hoysa, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Bugwood.org. Original url: http://www.forestryimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5334055 Shared under Creative Commons BY.
In summary: To identify a maple tree in the winter, you have to confirm opposite branching and paired buds, and then look at the bark to rule out the ash and flowering dogwood.
Now get out those snowshoes and see how many maples you can find! Sooner than you know it the days will be above freezing and the sap will be flowing!
You’ve taken the first step to making your own syrup, welcome to the club!! We have the rest of the steps in our book, which is a complete guide to making maple syrup without spending too much on fancy equipment. Check it out here:
This week’s tree is easy to identify by its twig.
The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a common tree in northeastern North America, prized for its wood, its brilliant fall foliage and its sap for maple syrup in the spring.
Like the white ash, the sugar maple is one of the few trees with opposite leaf buds. If you look closely you’ll see that each pair of buds is rotated about 180 degrees from the previous set. This keeps the tree in balance as the buds eventually become branches.
Sugar maple twigs are brown and slender and the leaf buds are brown and very pointy. Test the tip of a bud with your finger and you’ll find it’s almost sharp!
A good hint for remembering the tree is to realize that the buds resemble upside down ice cream sugar cones. “Sugar cones” on sugar maples.
Many trees are easy to identify by their bark but the sugar maple is not one of them. The bark on young trees is stone-gray and smooth as shown below…
…but the bark on mature trees becomes furrowed with large flat scales that seem to vertically peel off the tree. This makes for a lot of variation and can be quite confusing. When I finally learned to identify sugar maple bark I called it “the bark that looks like nothing else.” Not easy to explain.
If I’m stumped by the bark on a tall tree I always have one more trick up my sleeve. I use my binoculars to examine the twigs.
Are the buds opposite, brown and pointed like sugar cones? Sugar maple!
(photos by Kate St. John)
How to Identify Maple Trees in the Winter
maple image by Vladimir Karpenko from Fotolia.com
It is much easier to identify a maple tree when it has leaves, in the spring or summer, than to do so in the dead of winter when deciduous maples no longer have their leaves to give you hints as to what type of tree they are. To identify maple trees in the wintertime, you must rely on the branches, bark and other features of the tree to help you.
Discern the maples from most other species by carefully studying the branching pattern. Maples have a distinct opposite branching in which the twigs and branches grow out from the limbs on opposite sides. Most other North American species possess an different pattern, with the exceptions of trees like dogwood, horse chestnut and ash. But maples are usually much larger than dogwoods, and ashes and horse chestnuts have compound leaves—long stems with smaller leaflets attached—that litter the ground beneath the tree and are recognizable, even in winter.
Look for bark on a maple that is generally a light gray or brown. Maples can be smooth when immature, but almost all older maples, no matter the species, develop rough, furrowed bark as they age. Some, like black maple, have a bark so dark that it is almost black. The sugar maple has bark that seems to separate into plates with loose edges.
Observe the twigs where the leaves abscised (fell off the branch) the previous autumn. Leaves that abscise leave a noticeable scar on the twig that you can detect in winter. These leaf scars on a maple tree are normally in the shape of a crescent, and each scar will contain three small dots.
Examine the buds on a maple tree as the winter wears on, looking at the buds on the ends of the twigs (terminal buds) and those that emerge on the sides of the twigs (lateral buds). At least two scales will be on each bud, to protect it from cold and snow. The terminal buds have an oval, egg-like shape. These will be somewhat bigger than the lateral buds.
Estimate the height of the trees you suspect might be maples. The largest maples, including types like sugar and bigleaf, can be around 100 feet high. Others are medium- to small-size trees in the range of 30 to 60 feet, like the striped maple. In a crowded forest setting with little room to spread out, a maple often has few branches down low, with most of its limbs being in the upper canopy. In the open, though, a maple will often possess a shortened trunk and large lower limbs that jut out in every direction.
Fast Growing Maple Trees
Maple Trees – Height at delivery is 2-3 Feet Tennessee Wholesale Nursery Grower Direct Prices Affordable Low Prices
Maple Trees- Many Advantages Of Planting
The Maple tree is a long-lived and robust tree that offers its services in several ways as it grows. Males have a long history of being tied to American culture. They also come in a wide range of colors, sizes, and types.
Maples come in a stunning variety. These include:
The delicate Japanese Maple: a smaller tree with thin leaves.
The hardy Norway Maple: a tree with broad leaves and a sturdy trunk.
Our native Sugar Maple: yes, you can make your syrup!
The unusual Paperbark Maple: this tree has peeling bark in unique colors.
The eastern Red Maple: a deep red leaf on a tall, broad tree. This variety offers an impressive view.
The dignified Silver Maple: narrow leaves have a silver color that shows exceptionally well in breezes. This tree grows quite tall.
These trees are known for their unique leaves and ‘helicopter’ seeds, their ability to withstand disease, and their beauty. All of these varieties put on a show of brilliant colors in the Autumn from red to orange to yellow. They provide an enjoyable and even a calming area for walking, playing, and relaxing. They add character to parks, yards, and business properties.
Did You Know?
Buy Fast Growing Maple Trees are deciduous
Most Maples love water and sometimes need extra during drought conditions.
Many Maples can be shaped during growth.
The Sugar Maple often grows up to 120 feet tall. It can become a canopy that is 50 feet wide.
Maples Provide Shade
One of the first things people notice about a mature Maple is the shade it provides in hot weather. This deep shade can noticeably lower the temperature within the immediate area. Because many Maples grow large branches, their tone can be expansive as well. This helps to keep cooling costs for a property lower. It also provides a beautiful spot for a table and chairs for summertime dining.
Maples Provide Shelter
When Maples are planted together, they form a protective barrier around a house or other building. They serve as a windbreak, and they provide a privacy barrier. They also add a sense of stately permanence to a property.
Maples also provide shelter to many kinds of wildlife. While this includes birds and squirrels, many other types of wildlife will shelter in or near a maple tree.
Maples Are Beautiful
Maple trees provide a magnificent beauty that will last for many years. Some varieties grow slowly and fill in their space without much notice. Others proliferate and can provide shade and shelter in a shorter time. Whether they are red, silver, or another kind, these trees offer an elegant and long-lived beauty. Maples can raise the value of a property, protect houses from weathering, and add enjoyment for everyone who sees them.
Affordable Red Maple Tree – Acer Rubrum Varieties For Every Landscape
The red maple tree, also known as swamp, water, soft, and scarlet maple, is the most abundant native tree in eastern and central North America, and it is planted throughout the nation in USDA zones 3-9.
It is best known for its brilliant, scarlet red autumn foliage. Its distinctive leaves are triangular-shaped and 2-6 inches wide with serrated margins and sharp-angled clefts between the lobes. The leaves emerge green with a reddish tint in the spring but mature to a shiny, medium to deep green with silvery undersides.
Female trees bear decorative red fruits called samaras from April through June. These winged fruits spin in the wind, giving rise to names such as whirlybirds or helicopters.
Also in spring, the trees bear clusters of small, smoky red flowers, but Showtime is early fall when the leaves morph into intense color palettes of golden yellow or orange; but they most often turn orange to scarlet before dropping. Soil acidity influences color, as does the sex of the tree. Female trees are more likely to produce yellow to orange leaves, and males will more likely be red. Red maples herald the change of season by being among the first trees to change color in the fall.
Although preferring moist, acidic soils in full sun, this tree thrives in various habitats. It grows in the shade to the full sun at low and high elevations and in wet to dry soils and typically grows 1-2 feet per year. It owes its versatility to its adaptable roots, which will spread laterally or develop a deep taproot, depending on growing conditions.
Impact on Landscape
Red maple trees achieve a height of 90-120 feet with a rounded crown, the span of 25-40 feet, and a trunk diameter up to 30 inches. It earns its popularity in landscapes with its shade, form, and dramatic color—and its amiability with its environment, whatever it might be.
Sugar Maple – Acer saccharum
This tall, beautiful member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry) family is famous for its showy fall foliage, high-quality lumber, and sugary sap. The sap is drawn out with taps from the trunk, then boiled for syrup and sugar products. Captain John Smith of the Jamestown colony documented how Native Americans tapped trees and made sugar in the 17th century.
Sugar Maples grow in USDA hardiness zones 3-8, reaching nearly 100 feet tall and 65 feet across. They prefer neutral to slightly alkaline soil with a pH range from 6.8 to 7.5 but will tolerate slight acidity. Full sunlight is preferable, but Sugar Maples thrive with some shade as long as they receive four hours of daily daylight.
The soil needs to be sincere and moist but not damp. Although Sugar Maples have moderate drought resistance, they are native to the eastern U.S and will likely need supplemental irrigation in the northern Great Plains and intermountain west. Automated, part-time drip irrigation works well.
The wood is highly desirable for beautiful furniture and cabinetry. The primary uses of the Sugar Maple outside of commercial agricultural are for shade, specimen and accent trees. These are appropriate uses for its broad spread, oval shape, and stunning fall foliage.
The five-inch, five-lobed leaves are distinctively scalloped on the edges, appearing on the Canadian national flag. The Sugar Maple grows one to two feet per year. Flowers appear in April and May. They are green, small and hang in groups from delicate stems. Some trees are monoecious, with flowers of both sexes while others are either male or female. The tree should never be tapped once buds appear.
In autumn, Sugar Maple leaves famously change color, from green through yellow, orange and red. At this time, winged seeds begin falling from the canopy.
Sufficient room is imperative for Sugar Maple’s roots and branches. Never restrict this tree.
Fast Growing Shade Trees
Fast Growing Skyrise
Growing at least 5 feet per year, providing almost instant shade, the Skyrise™ (Hybrid Salix) is hardy and disease resistant. Grows to 60 ft. tall and 45 ft. wide.
Buy 6-7 ft. tall plants as low as $18.00 each.
More details, sizes and pricing
Autumn Blaze Maple
Fast-growing maple with brilliant red fall color. Can grow 3 ft. or more per year. Grows to 50 ft. high and 40 ft. wide.
Buy 4 ft. tall container grown plants as low as $23.00 each
More details, sizes and pricing
Fast Growing Hybrid Poplar
This is an extremely fast growing tree with growth rates up to 8 ft. per year. It will grow to 60 ft. tall and 30 ft. wide. This is the most disease resistant and longest living of all the hybrid poplars.
Buy 6-7 ft. tall plants as low as $18.00 each
More details, sizes and pricing
Princeton American Elm
A fast-growing True American Elm with superior Dutch elm disease resistance. It has a dense, vase shaped crown that will reach 60 ft. tall with a 40 ft. spread at maturity.
Buy 4 ft. tall container grown plants as low as $23.00 each.
More details, sizes and pricing
This is an excellent street tree with dense white flowering in early spring and glossy green leaves all summer. It has an attractive upright oval form and reaches a height of 30 feet and width of 20 feet.
Buy 7-8 ft. tall container grown plants as low as $73.00 each
More details, sizes and pricing
Canada Red Chokecherry
This is a small ornamental deciduous tree with an oval round growth habit. The foliage emerges as bright green turning to beautiful maroon red early summer.
Buy 4 ft. tall container grown plants as low as $23.00 each
More details, sizes and pricing
The right shade tree can have a big impact on your landscape. Our fast growing shade trees provide a cool spot to relax in the summer, reduce home cooling cost and increase your property value. Trees give a yard a natural and inviting look. A deciduous shade tree will provide cooling shade in the summer and then allow the suns warming rays to penetrate in the winter
There are a few factors to consider when planting the best shade tree. First, there really aren’t any bad trees, there are just trees planted in the wrong place.
♦ The mature height, width and shape of a tree must be considered.
Planting too close to buildings or under power lines is a commonly made mistake when the mature dimensions of a tree are not taken into consideration.
♦ The soil type of the desired planting site should be tested.
Is the soil well drained, moist, compacted or heavy clay? Does this particular tree tolerate the soil type to be planted in? Well drained soils allow excess water to percolate through them. Contrary to popular belief soils on slopes or hills may not be well drained if they contain heavy clay or high water tables. A simple test can be performed to determine drainage by digging a small hole 24-30 inches deep. Fill the hole to the top with water. 24 hours later refill the hole to the top with water. All of the water from the second fill must be drained out of the hole within 12-24 hours to be considered a well drained site. If any water remains in the bottom of the hole, this sight is then considered poorly drained soil.
♦ Will the tree grow in your plant hardiness zone?
Find your plant hardiness zone.
Proper selection of plant material for your site, proper site preparation, plant care and mulching are the fundamentals of a successful shade tree. View plant care guidelines.
Listed are just a few of our fastest growing shade trees. Our complete list can be found here
Autumn Blaze – Maple The Autumn Blaze Maple is one of the most requested trees in the United States. Autumn Blaze is a fast growing shade tree with 3 feet or more of new growth per year. Named Urban Tree of the Year in 2003 the Autumn Blaze is tolerant of most soils and will grow in a wide range of climates from zone 3 through 8. Fall is when the show really begins with this tree; it turns a wildly brilliant orange-red color. Every yard should have one of these trees. Autumn Blaze Maple matures to 50 feet tall by 40 feet wide and has a dense oval head and strong branching.
Skyrise Hybrid Salix – This fast growing shade tree can grow 5-6 feet per year in full sun and moist soil. Skyrise has fine, narrow leaves and a broad crown providing a thick, quick growing shade tree. Skyrise perform well in moist or even poorly drained wet sites. Skyrise matures to a height of 50 feet by 40 feet wide with a life expectancy that exceeds 40 years. This quick grower is hardy and diseases resistant.
Hybrid Poplar – This Hybrid Poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus nigra) is a fast grower, putting on 5-8 feet of new growth per year. It is also the most disease resistant and longest lived of all the hybrid poplars, with a life expectancy that exceeds 40 years. Hybrid Poplar has glossy, green leaves with a silvery underside. The quick growing hybrid poplar will grow in a wide variety of soils and climates. It prefers moist, well drained soils in planting zones 3-8 and full sun. It matures to 60 feet tall and 30 feet wide and could provide cooling shade for your home or yard in as little as three years.
Princeton Elm – A true American Elm that is highly resistant to Dutch elm disease. This beautiful tree lines the street in front of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. The Princeton elm is a fast growing shade tree, 3-6 feet per year, has large glossy green leaves and the classic American elm vase shape. It is tolerant of almost any soil condition, including poorly drained, and matures to 60 feet tall and 40 feet wide in full sun. Grows in plant hardiness zones 3-8.
Our fast growing Maple trees are one of many different fast growing trees for sale here at Advanced Tree Technology.