Dwarf weeping willow tree

Weeping Willow Care: Tips On Planting Weeping Willow Trees

Weeping willow is a lovely, graceful tree for a large scale garden. Many consider weeping trees romantic additions to their garden. Featuring silvery green foliage in summer and turning yellow in the fall, these are fast growing, large trees useful for screening or as a focal point in the garden.

Weeping Willow Information

The weeping willow (Salix babylonica) is native to China. These trees are popular worldwide for their unusual weeping branches. Utilized and admired in gardens and the subject of legends from ancient times, these trees grow throughout the Eastern United States, thriving from Michigan to Central Florida and west to Missouri.

Some believe the ‘weeping’ refers to the way raindrops stream down the branches, dripping ‘tears’ from the tips. Therefore, this willow is a beloved tree in cemeteries and memorial gardens.

Planting Weeping Willow Trees

When planting weeping willow trees, consider where to place them. They are happiest while basking in full sun with their feet slightly wet. Thus, a lakeside location is recommended.

Be aware of their eventual size (60 x 60 feet height and spread potential, or 18 m.) while noting locations of underground pipes. Willow roots tend to seek out and clog pipes.

These trees are easy to establish and tolerate soils from acidic to alkaline. Consequently, when planting weeping willow trees, they need only a bit of compost (in poor soil) and a sprinkling of all-purpose fertilizer. Consistent watering helps.

Weeping Willow Care

Weeping willow care may increase as they grow, since they host many insects. Caterpillars and borers feast on the leaves and bark.

Caring for a weeping willow includes monitoring the branches too. Keeping an eye on the tree is necessary because branches tend to crack and fail due to age, especially during ice and snow events.

The foliage is prone to fungal diseases, and as a result, becomes spotted and unattractive. Insect and disease problems may require treatment to keep the tree looking its best.

Weeping Willow Tree Varieties

Salix babylonica is the variety of weeping willow most commonly planted. Alternatives to the weeping willow include the Niobe Golden willow (Salix alba tristis) and the Dwarf weeping willow (Salix caprea ‘Kilarnock’).

Yellowing leaves on a newly planted prairie cascade willow

Yellowing leaves can happen for many reasons, and many of those reasons are benign. Your leaves may be experiencing chlorosis, a lack of iron, that is common in SD with our alkaline soils. We have iron in the soils but the soil pH is such that your willow may not be able to absorb it. You can tell a chlorotic leaf by checking the veins of it. If the veins are green and the leaf yellow that is the problem. If not it is something else.
Your trees are sun lovers and need a good amount of water which it appears that they have.Watering to the equivalent of one inch per week should be sufficient. No fertilizer is needed if the tree is growing well. Extension does not recommend the fertilizer stakes; and probably your trees get the nutrition they need from lawn fertilization. Tree leaves turn yellow and drop for a number of reasons When this happens, the oldest leaves are usually the first to drop. Extreme heat could be a factor even in the presence of ample soil moisture.
Lastly, the trees may be planted too deeply. The top root should be approximately 1 inch below the ground, and the earth should slope away from the trunk. Mulch placed around the tree to help preserve moisture should be pulled away from the trunk about 8 – 12 inches. This is the best I can do with the information you gave me. I hope it helps.

The soft green, feathery, weeping foliage of willow trees adds a tranquil beauty to the home Because dehydration causes yellowed willow leaf edges, you can. We have 2 other Weeping Willows, not as large, but attractive trees, causes yellow spots on the lower surfaces of leaves and, if severe, As of July 21, , the tips of the leaves on the lower branches are turning brown.

I received my seedling of a Weeping Willow tree while it was still cold here I’ve noticed that a few of the leaves have turned yellow with small brown Do you have any idea what could be causing this or could it be that it. the roots and this causes iron chlorosis which makes the leaves turn yellow with green veins. In New Mexico, the cause of globe willow yellowing is usually the fact is that nutrients are not properly carried into the leaves, resulting in nutrient There are some nice looking globe willows, but they are far. Do the leaves turn uniformly yellow, or are the veins still green? common cause of willows turning yellow prematurely is stress of some sort.

You see it much more commonly on the traditional weeping willow. good for plants, but too much can “burn” it and cause the leaves to yellow.

Now, this summer, it’s losing leaves, and they are turning yellow. Granted it’s Yes- weeping willows need quite a bit of moisture. We have a.

The weeping willow is a beautiful, graceful tree much prized for its Left unchecked, willow scab will turn the twigs black and cause defoliation. spots will get bigger, eventually rotting the leaves or causing them to yellow. I have recently purchased and planted two prairie cascade willows from Tree leaves turn yellow and drop for a number of reasons When this. i have a willow tree in my backyard which is approximately 4 years old. Its been In the last week its started losing leaves which have turned yellow. Willows frequently get a fungus which causes them to do this very thing.

Since ancient times, Weeping Willows have been revered. they are the “first to leaf and last to drop,” so they’ll have foliage for a large part . However, I continuously have a problem with the leaves turning yellow and dropping. . on the edge of the pond may cause the Willow to lean or even topple over. Spot problems with your newly planted trees? If your newly planted tree has leaves wilting, leaves turning yellow or looks like it’s dying, try this. Weeping willows are susceptible to many fungal diseases and a few soil temperatures reach 82 degrees F, at first causing the leaves to turn yellow or brown.

the graceful, elegant form of a Weeping Willow is seen at the 1). Though it does well in very moist soils, Weeping Willows may thin, three to six-inch-long leaves turning yellow Rust causes yellow spots on the lower surface of leaves and.

Fruit color: green, turns brown when ripe Weeping willows are deciduous, the thin, three to six-inch-long leaves turning yellow before falling. Rust causes yellow spots on the lower surfaces of leaves and, if severe, defoliation. Rake up and.

While it prefers moist soil, weeping willows can do well in drier areas as long as This deciduous tree has green narrow leaves and yellow flowers that bloom Crown Gall – Willow trees are at risk for crown gall, a bacterium that causes galls .

A common weeping tree, weeping willow (Salix babylonica) is a picturesque addition to a landscape. The leaves of Salix babylonica are lance-shaped and grow three to six inches long; they turn yellow in the fall before dropping. avoid planting them where falling branches can cause damage or injury. Weeping willow tree diseases may be of many types and if left Depending upon the type of the tree, the leaves wear colors of light yellow-green shade to an Many types of fungi cause leaf spots, and the powdery mildew gives the its leaves and the trunk will turn brown, indicating that the tree is going. g Willows – What can cause a weeping willow to grow upright rather ing Leaves – It’s June in Antelope Valley southern California. . (40 ft) came in beautiful this spring but now all of a sudden the leaves are turning yellow .

I just planted a Weeping Pussy Willow last week and it was doing great up until The top may be shading the inside, no cause for alarm. . Thrifty furnishings and a romantic willow tree turn a backyard cabin into a comfy.

r/botany: Botany is a branch of Biology that involves the scientific study of plant life. This subreddit functions as both a place to discuss past .

A variety of fungi cause leaf spot disease on willows. Weeping Willow Leaves Are Turning Yellow And Bark Has Bugs And Worms · Pussy Willow Branches.

I was wandering if anybody has any advice on weeping willow trees. budded out & suddenly started dropping & going yellow, the leaves are. In fall, the color of the leaves ranges from a golden shade to greenish-yellow hue, Climbing trees – The configuration of their branches makes weeping willows . that leads to the Shrieking Shack where Professor Lupin goes when he turns. The leaves of my weeping willow tree are turning yellow and falling off. The ones that caused the problem this time. When it first started.

I have a weeping willow tree that a previous owner cut the top off about 10 years this can quite easily cause the leaves to scorch and turn brown. I have noticed small yellow patches mainly on the branches that have died.

In autumn they turn golden yellow before they fall off. Weeping willows can be beautiful bonsai but their care and styling is not particularly easy. Don’t feed with high nitrogen which would cause large leaves, long internodes and increased. Some willows produce fruits with cottony hairs and narrow leaves. The weeping willow is the most familiar of the willow tree varieties because of its unique structure. Every season, the branches twist and turn in different directions, making it a The corkscrew willows shallow push up as the plant ages, which may cause. Willows, also called sallows and osiers, form the genus Salix, around species of deciduous Most species are deciduous; semievergreen willows with coriaceous leaves are rare, e.g. the weeping willow (Salix × sepulcralis), which is a hybrid of Peking willow (Salix babylonica) . yellow willow; Salix magnifica Hemsl.

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Why some willows can make you weep

Susan Gehrig demonstrates the ‘crack’ of a willow.
Full Image (1.22M)

Susan Gehrig demonstrates the ‘crack’ of a willow.
Full Image (1.56M)

Wednesday, 28 February 2001

Summertime: cricket season; the welcome crack of a willow bat on a leather ball. Pick the wrong willow, however, and all you’d get would be the crack of the bat.

The wrong willow! It seems an improbable place to start a career in ecological research, but there is much in Australian ecology that once caused little concern but is now emerging as an important, even urgent, problem. Willows are among them.

Willows line the banks of the River Murray. For those who live in river towns, fish the Murray’s waters or moor their houseboats to the banks in summer, willows are cool and beautiful That can’t deny their insidious invasion of the ecology of Australia’s largest River.

“Willows are attractive and ornamental, but they tend to dominate river banks,” says Susan Gehrig, who is completing a Ph D on river ecology in the Department of Environmental Biology.

“The story goes that willows were planted for navigation, to mark the main channels for river boat navigation back in the 1800s,” says Ms Gehrig. “Willows were certainly considered good for shade and shelter, they are a good feed stock, and they stabilise the banks and prevent them from eroding,” she says.

“But because they are so shady, they displace the native vegetation completely, and dominate the river banks. If you were to take a boat down the Murray, all you might see is willows along the banks; not the great river red gums – willows displace them, too,” she says.

This loss of native vegetation means loss of habitat. Unlike gum trees, willows don’t tend to form hollows, so the natural hollows needed by mammals and birds vanish as well. So do food sources, such as gum flowers on which native animals depend. Native and introduced bees are believed to be among the few animals to benefit from willows.

Below water level the story is similar. “Fisherman like the willow roots as they provide shelter for fish,” says Ms Gehrig, “And they do attract some fish species which like shady refuges, but when we look at total biodiversity, we lose animals like platypus, tortoises and other fish,” she says.

“Many native fish depend on snags provided by river red gum branches,” says Ms Gehrig. “Murray Cod need snags for spawning sites. In fact, radio tracking shows that even adults spend about 80% of their time near these woody snags.”

Water quantity and quality dominate current concerns about the river. The willows are implicated in both. Because they are shallow-rooted, they take most, if not all, of their water from the topsoil or the river itself, and they appear to take a lot.

“We hope to find out the amount and rate of their water uptake, compared to that of native vegetation,” says Ms Gehrig, “But it seems significant, and my research aims to determine whether the amount of water they consume is comparable to that used by irrigators,” she says.

Willows add to salinity problems, too. Their shallow roots don’t reach down into the saline aquifers which supply the deeply rooted red gums. Red gums usually take 40-50% of their water from these regions, helping to keep the saline water table low. Willows skim only the upper, fresh water layers, allowing salt to rise and spill into the river.

There are actually two kinds of willows. The weeping willow, Salix babylonica, is the tree made familiar by willow-pattern plates. It has a drooping aspect, whereas Salix fragilis is the more upright ‘crack’ willow. “As the name suggests, it is easily broken,” says Ms Gehrig. “If you bend a twig of it, it breaks with a clear crack, which the weeping willow tends not to do,” she says.

“River boat captains learnt not to tie their boats to the crack willow because it was fragile and very shallow rooted,” says Ms Gehrig. “They would wake to find they were drifting downstream with a large willow in tow.” In fact, photographs of river boats tied to willows have helped to date the introduction of both kinds of trees, and identify a clump at Mannum as the oldest on the river.

The earliest weeping willow cuttings are believed to have come from a tree planted by Napoleon’s grave. It is the ease by which they can be spread by cuttings that has helped both species dominate the lower Murray.

“If a branch breaks off, floats downstream and sticks in the mud, it takes root and you have another willow that easily,” says Ms Gehrig. “Fishermen often break off a twig and stick it in the river bank to hold their line, and that will grow, too,” she says.

The ease with which willows spread makes them hard to eradicate, but total eradication is not on the agenda in any case. “It can be very expensive and time consuming,” says Ms Gehrig, “and other weedy species can simply replace them.”

“It needs a lot of follow-up and revegetation with native species,” she says. “Also, lots of towns like to retain the scenic element of their willows, so we need to know the areas of high biodiversity and significance, and concentrate our efforts there.”

Ms Gehrig’s research will be one of many to be featured in a 30-part radio series on the River Murray to be broadcast in September.

Photos available at: /pr/media/photos/2001/

Contact Details

Susan Gehrig
Email: [email protected]
The University of Adelaide
Mobile: 0438 862 552
Mr David Ellis
Email: [email protected]
Website: https://www.adelaide.edu.au/newsroom/
Deputy Director, Media and Corporate Relations
External Relations
The University of Adelaide
Business: +61 8 8313 5414
Mobile: +61 (0)421 612 762

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Monday – June 30, 2008

From: Breckenridge, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Non-Natives, Transplants
Title: Decline of non-native weeping willow
Answered by: Barbara Medford


I live in Breckenridge, Texas and last year I planted a Weeping Willow tree on my property. It grew fine and seemed to be very healthy until this month. All of a sudden it has steadily lost all its leaves. They just gradually fell off from the tips of the branches on back to the trunk. I cannot find anything wrong with it, no dryness, no insects or anything I can identify. Can you give me some suggestions as to what I might try to help save this tree? Thanks for your time.


It sounds like transplant shock, from your description, even though the tree has been in the ground a year. A tree may go perfectly in a site, but is still going to need some coddling for the first year or so it is in the ground. Texas is having an excessively hot, dry Spring and early Summer, and weeping willows are considered water trees. I hope you have a hose that reaches that far; otherwise, you’re going to be hauling buckets of water. You will need to monitor the moisture in the soil very closely, and drip water slowly from a hose stuck down in the soil around the roots.

Although there are 54 members of the Salix genus that are natives to North America, the weeping willow, or salix x sepulcralis, is not one of them. It is a hybrid of the Chinese Peking Willow and European white willow. This USDA Forest Service website has some more information on the weeping willow, including the fact that it is considered invasive in several states, and they don’t show it growing at all in Texas. But what do they know? The same site says that the tree is susceptible to several diseases and insect damage, so, hopefully, your tree didn’t come with some problem that is now emerging. We also found an ad for a “Texas weeping willow” which may be what you have, but it didn’t give the Latin name for the tree, so we have no idea what that is. Here is a page of images of salix x sepulcralis.

Since the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center is dedicated to the planting, protection and propagation of plants native to North America, we don’t have any information on this tree in our Native Plant Database. Hopefully, watering as we recommended will perk your tree up. If you feel there may be a disease or pest problem, you might contact the Texas A&M AgriLIFE Extension Office for Stephens County. This website has contact information, phone numbers and instructions for finding the office. Sometimes being on the scene and able to examine a plant “in person” can detect a problem that we, at a distance, cannot.

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Wondering how to prune a weeping pussy willow tree in your backyard? Learn basic pruning tips and some background information on the tree’s growth and benefits as a landscape tree.

How to Prune a Weeping Pussy Willow Tree

Learn How to Prune a Weeping Pussy Willow Tree

Pussy willows are impressive trees, adding an enchanting visual appeal to your landscaping. Learn how to prune a weeping pussy willow to promote optimal growth.

The Pussy Willow

Each spring the fuzzy, soft catkins of the weeping pussy willow tree (Salix caprea pendula) emerge. Knowing how to prune the weeping pussy willow will benefit the tree’s overall appearance and also help it produce more abundant straight growth.

The best time to prune is the early spring when the catkins begin to fade away. Spring is the time of year when the abundant growth of this tree has not manifested itself yet, so the tree will suffer little damage from pruning.

An old-time favorite, nothing adds grace and beauty to a landscape than a large ornamental weeping pussy willow specimen. Often planted beside ponds or other bodies of water, the tree’s branches are often allowed to hang over the water’s edge for a stunning visual effect.

The weeping willow tree normally attains a height of up to 25 feet with a spreading canopy that reaches 25 feet in width. The tree grows best in full sunlight. It will tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 8 are recommended for planting.

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Weeping Pussy Willow Tree Pruning

Weeping pussy willow trees rarely require drastic pruning. Each spring after the catkins fade the tree should have any dead branches removed. Older branches benefit from having the first third of the branch removed. Remove any crossing limbs, deformed limbs or stray young shoots. If the tree has not been pruned in a long time be sure to remove several of the inner branches to allow sunlight and air circulation within the tree.

Many people allow the weeping willow to grow so the branches sway with the wind. When pruning for such an appearance the tree benefits from having its branches sheared straight across. Remove any straggling branches that have grown longer than others to maintain the even appearance all the way around the tree.

When removing branches that are damaged and measure more than 2 inches in diameter, paint the wound on the tree with a commercial tree sealant. The tree sealant will keep bacteria or insects from entering the live wood. Most garden supply or home improvement stores sell tree sealant.

Pruning Tips

When pruning your willow tree it is important to follow these tips to protect the tree from the disease.

  • Always sanitize tree pruners or lopers between trees. Use rubbing alcohol to safely sanitize and prevent the possible spread of disease.
  • Promptly discard all cut branches, limbs, and twigs to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Never allow limbs to accumulate under a tree because it poses an ideal breeding ground for fungal diseases.

The Health of the Pussy Willow

Learning how to prune a weeping pussy willow properly will help ensure the overall health of the tree. It will help your willow produce the long, straight branches which make the tree’s landscape visual effect all the more stunning.

  • Photo by Matt MacGillivray (CC/Flickr) https://www.flickr.com/photos/qmnonic/3457024357

External Links (FAQ) How to Prune a Weeping Pussy Willow Tree

1. How do you prune a weeping willow tree?

Here are the steps in shaping a willow tree:

  • Remove any damaged or broken branches. …
  • Choose a tall, upright stem at the top of the tree as a central leader, and remove competing stems.
  • Remove branches that grow up instead of out. …
  • Remove crowded branches.

More items… Pruning Willow Trees – Learn About Trimming A Willow Tree

2. How long does a willow tree live for?

Maximum Lifespan. A weeping willow is relatively short-lived compared to some trees. The maximum average lifespan is 50 years, although in ideal conditions, a weeping willow may live as long as 75 years.

  • How Long Can a Weeping Willow Live? | Home Guides | SF Gate

3. Do willow trees grow fast

This willow is one of the fastest growing shade trees, growing up to 6-8 ft. a year. They start out thin, with only a few branches that point upward against the trunk. After racing to a height of about 10 ft., they put out more and more branches that arch outword to form the weeping canopy they’re famous for.

  • Weeping Willow Shade Trees for Sale | Fast Growing Trees

4. What does it mean to pollard a tree?

Pollarding, a pruning system involving the removal of the upper branches of a tree, promotes a dense head of foliage and branches. … Traditionally, people pollarded trees for one of two reasons: for fodder to feed livestock, or for wood.

  • Pollarding – Wikipedia

5. Do willow trees lose their leaves in the fall?

Consider the season if your tree has dropped leaves. It’s perfectly natural for deciduous weeping willows to drop leaves from fall to spring. On the other hand, weeping willows tend to lose their leaves in summer during periods of drought and must be irrigated immediately to prevent death.

  • How to Tell If a Weeping Willow Tree Is Dead | Home Guides | SF Gate

6. How big do willow trees grow?

Size and shape: The weeping willow grows to a height and width of 35 to 50 feet on average, with a weeping shape. Exposure: This tree should be grown in full sun. Foliage/ flowers/ fruit: The leaves of Salix babylonica are 3-6 inches long and lance-shaped.

  • Growing a Weeping Willow Tree (Salix babylonica) – The Spruce

7. Do willow trees need sunlight?

They are drought tolerant but need regular watering in dry conditions or they will lose some leaves. Weeping willow trees grow well in full sun to partial shade.

  • Weeping Willow Planting Instructions | Home Guides | SF Gate

8. How far do willow tree roots spread?

The crown of the weeping willow, when fully grown, can spread as much as 35 to 40 feet across. The root system, however, will grow at least this far, and will extend as deeply into the ground as the willow rises up.

  • The Root System of a Weeping Willow | Sciencing

9. How long does it take to grow a willow tree?

The weeping willow is a rapidly growing tree, which means it is capable of adding 24 inches or more to its height in a single growing season. It grows to a maximum height of 30 to 50 feet with an equal spread, giving it a rounded shape, and can reach full growth in as soon as 15 years.

  • What is the Weeping Willow Growth Rate? | Home Guides | SF Gate

10. Do willow trees have leaves?

Raindrops that are falling to the ground from the drooping branches of willow resemble tears. That is how weeping willow got its name. Willow trees have elongated leaves that are green on the upper side and whitish on the bottom side. … Willow is deciduous plant, which means that it sheds its leaves each winter.

  • Willow tree Facts – SoftSchools

11. Do all willow trees weep?

Simply put, all weeping willows are willows, but not all willows are weepers. In fact, hundreds of members of the willow (Salix spp.) genus exist around the world. While most Salix trees, shrubs and ground covers generally prefer similar growing conditions, willows vary greatly, especially in height and shape.

  • What Is the Difference Between Willow Trees and Weeping Willow Trees?

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