Dragon fruit plant flower

“Dragon fruit” refers to several species of climbing cactus native to the tropical forests of Mexico and Central and South America and grown in tropical regions worldwide. South Florida has a few hundred acres of commercial dragon fruit production, and these unique fruits are also grown in backyards throughout Central Florida.These mild-tasting, strange-looking fruits can be eaten fresh or made into beverages, desserts, or jam.

Grow your own dragon fruit

Dragon fruit plants are fast-growing perennials that will live about twenty years. There are many different types with pink or white flowers, and fruits with white, red, or magenta flesh. Spineless varieties are available. To increase fruit production and size, plant at least two different varieties of cactus in the same area that can cross-pollinate. Since flowers open mostly at night, they are primarily pollinated by moths.

Plants can be purchased from nurseries, or you can start your own plants if you know someone with a dragon fruit cactus. To start a plant, cut one-foot cactus stem sections, leave them for a week in a dry, shady location, then plan in containers. These cuttings can then be transplanted into the ground in about five months. Dragon fruit plants should be grown in sun to light shade in well-drained soil. Mixing compost with planting soil can be beneficial. These cacti are damaged by temperatures below 32°F, so a somewhat protected area is best in Central Florida. Your plants can produce fruit within nine months.

Dragon fruit plants become quite large and spreading; plants should be located about 15ft. away from trees, structures, or electrical lines. A strong trellis that can hold several hundred pounds of stem weight should be used. A trellis for an individual plant should consist of a post and a structure at the top to support the plant. The structure should be low enough to allow for fruit harvesting without a ladder.

Water established dragon fruit during flowering or prolonged dry periods. Over-watering will cause disease issues. Fertilize dragon fruit every other month with very light applications of granular 8-4-12 palm fertilizer. A dragon fruit plant needs to be trained as a single stem until it reaches the trellis, and the main stem should be tied to the trellis post. The upper portions of the plant should be tip-cut to encourage branching, and the new branches should be tied to the trellis. Prune out select stems after fruit harvest to allow light and airflow in the “canopy”.

Dragon fruit will produce fruit every 12–18 months, providing 20-60 pounds of fruit per plant. Unopened flower buds can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable. Harvest fruits with hand pruners, cutting the stem to the fruit surface. Harvest only well-colored, mature fruit. Dragon fruit can be stored a few weeks in plastic bags in the refrigerator.

To eat or process, simply cut the fruits in half and scoop out the edible flesh (I recommend putting some lime juice on it to bring out the flavor). Small, soft, edible seeds are embedded within the pulp. Fruits can to be eaten fresh in fruit salad or yogurt, grilled, or the pulp can be frozen and used later in smoothies, ice cream, jam, juice, wine, or candy.

Read more on growing dragon fruit in Florida.

Dragon Fruit on support system

by Jessica Sullivan

Posted: September 7, 2018

Category: Agriculture, Crops, Fruits & Vegetables

Tags: dooryard fruits, dragon fruit, pitaya

CN106518284A – Bio-organic fertilizer for dragon fruit planting and preparing method thereof
– Google Patents

Hylocereus undatuss plantation biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to biological organic fertilizer preparation field, more particularly to a kind of Hylocereus undatuss plantation biological organic fertilizer and its system Preparation Method.

Background technology

Hylocereus undatuss are that Cactaceae Hylocereus undatus belong to the perennial torrid zone and subtropical fruit, and its fruit contains abundant human body must The vitamin of need, aminoacid, mineral, act on lowering blood pressure and blood fat, blood sugar lowering etc., are favored by consumers in general;Fire Imperial fruit has that drought-enduring, disease and insect resistance is strong, yield is high, economic worth and it is profitable on ecology the features such as, but Hylocereus undatuss quality and yield Easily affected by many factors such as soil fertility, Term Fertilizations, Hylocereus undatuss several times a year result, yielded positive results the time from May Last till November, it is annual up to 8-12 batches, need to apply more fertilizer, therefore the use of Hylocereus undatuss fertilizer during yielding positive results There is significant impact to Hylocereus undatuss yield and nutrition content.

Traditional Hylocereus undatuss straight fertilizer, compound fertilizer mostly are quick-acting fertilizer, and nutrient releasing speed is fast, it is difficult to complete by crop Hypersorption, the most of nutrient in fertilizer are easily leached, volatilize, fixing, and utilization rate is low, and a large amount of uses of pesticide, chemical fertilizer Cause soil compaction, fertility to decline, not only affect yield and the taste quality of Hylocereus undatuss, also cause environment pollution.

Biological organic fertilizer is produced with feces of livestock and poultry, domestic waste, agricultural crop straw, agricultural byproducts and food processing Organic waste be material, be equipped with Multifunctional fermentation inoculum agent, be allowed to fast deodorization, become thoroughly decomposed, be dehydrated, to add feature again micro- Bacteria agent, the organic fertilizer containing a certain amount of functional microbial for processing.In biological organic fertilizer, nutrient is complete, Become thoroughly decomposed, decompose, in conversion process, the humic acid of formation, vitamin, various enzyme materials, can Crop Improvement nutrition, strengthen crop new Old metabolism, stimulates plant growth, therefore can increase crop yield, improve quality, the natural taste of product recovery, tasty, Category ecological environment-friendly type, nuisanceless, pollution-free fertilizer.Therefore increase Hylocereus undatuss Bio-organic fertilizer technology R&D intensity, widely popularize Highly important effect will be played to the development of China’s rural area Hylocereus undatuss planting industry with using organic fertilizer.

The content of the invention

Present invention aim at propose that a kind of Hylocereus undatuss plant biological organic fertilizer, to solve the fire that above-mentioned prior art is present Excessively apply chemical fertilizer and pesticide in imperial fruit planting process, pollute environment, cause soil compaction degeneration, persticide residue height, soil Fertility declines, and affects the absorption of Hylocereus undatuss root system nutrition material, and so as to cause, Hylocereus undatuss taste quality is bad, nutritional labeling declines Etc. technical problem.

For this purpose, the present invention proposes that a kind of Hylocereus undatuss plant biological organic fertilizer, science is carried out by addition microbial bacterial agent and is matched somebody with somebody Than using house refuse, animal wastes, agricultural waste material, tea seed cake etc. as main material fermenting organism fertilizer, to increase soil Organic matter content in earth, makes soil become loose nutrient laden, and in making soil, original flora obtains amount reproduction, increases crop Dominant microflora, produces antibiotic substance, suppresses harmful microorganism breeding, accelerates the decomposition of the soil organism and turning for mineral nutrient Change, be conducive to absorption of the crop root system to nutrient, improve Hylocereus undatuss yield and quality, while reducing the purpose of environmental pollution.

For solving above technical problem, the present invention is employed the following technical solutions:

A kind of Hylocereus undatuss plant biological organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that in units of weight portion, including following material:Life Rubbish 40-60 parts, animal wastes 30-50 parts, agricultural waste material 20-30 parts, tea seed cake 10-20 part, it is total that addition accounts for the material The composite bacteria agent capable of weight 0.5-2.5%, carries out first time fermentation, adds and account for material gross weight 0.2-0.5% after stirring Profitable strain, carry out second fermentation and obtain biological organic fertilizer:The effective total viable count of the composite bacteria agent capable be not less than 1,000,000,000/ G, the profitable strain include nitrogen, phosphorus, B. mucilaginocus.

Preferably, the animal wastes are pig manure, cattle manure, sheep stool, horsehit, chicken manure, one or more in duck excrement Combination.

Preferably, the agricultural waste material include one kind in straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae, leaveves weeds, corn grain bran, wood flour or More than one combinations.

The present invention also provides the preparation method that a kind of Hylocereus undatuss plant biological organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:

S1:Material mixes:Material is weighed by following weight portion:House refuse 40-60 part, animal wastes 30-50 parts, farming Thing garbage 20-30 parts, tea seed cake 10-20 part, stir, and carry out material detection, adjust physical and chemical index and obtain fermentation materials;

S2:It is prepared by composite bacteria agent capable:Composite bacteria is added to distilled water by weight: the ratio of glucose is 20-25: 1 Scale-up medium in, amplification culture 1-3 days at 20-35 DEG C, the effective total viable count of gained composite bacteria agent capable be not less than 1,000,000,000/ g;

S3:Turning is fermented:The fermentation materials of gained add the composite bacteria agent capable obtained by step S2 in step sl, and stirring is equal First time fermentation is carried out after even, keeps ventilation stirring;During first time fermentation ends, sprinkling profitable strain liquid carries out second Ferment, become thoroughly decomposed after fermentation ends material completely;

S4:The material that will become thoroughly decomposed obtained by step S3 dries or drying Hylocereus undatuss plantation biological organic fertilizer naturally.

Preferably, in step S1, the control of fermentation materials physical and chemical index exists:Material moisture 40-60%, C/N are 20-35: 1, Oxygen concentration is in 10-20%, content of organic matter 40-60%, pH value 6-8.

Preferably, in step S3, first time fermentation stage temperature control, at 30-65 DEG C, is fermented 8-10 days;Work as fermentation materials When internal temperature is increased to 65 DEG C, turning stirring is aerated, after fermentation a period of time, before fermentation temperature is less than 30 DEG C, Addition agricultural waste material material.

Preferably, profitable strain liquid described in step S3, is that nitrogen, phosphorus, B. mucilaginocus are added to Portugal for 1: 1: 1 by weight Grape sugar: the ratio of distilled water is 1: 25 secondary expansion bacterium solution.

Preferably, in step S3, second fermentation stage temperature control, at 40-50 DEG C, is fermented 3-5 days.

Pig manure:Pig manure nutrient content enriches, and potassium content highest, nitrogen and phosphorus content are only second to sheep stool.Pig manure quality is more delicate, ammonia Change antibacterial more, easily decompose, fertilizer efficiency is fast, beneficial to humus are formed, improves the soil and makes good use of.Pig manure is soft, reserve strength foot, belongs to warm nature Fertilizer.Be suitable to various crops and soil, become thoroughly decomposed after pig manure can be used for rice field, it can also be used to drought soil, can make base manure use, Can topdress use.

Cattle manure:Cattle manure is of close texture, and water content is high, and aeration is poor, becomes thoroughly decomposed slow, and fertilizer efficiency is slow, and fermentation temperature is low, belongs to cold Property fertilizer.For accelerated decomposition, fresh cattle manure can slightly be dried, then plus horsehit or sheep stool mixing compost, the fertilizer of loose high-quality can be obtained Material.Calcium magnesium phosphate or ground phosphate rock are mixed into such as, fertilizer quality is higher.In cattle manure, carbon content height, nitrogen content are low, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is big.

Horsehit:In horsehit, fiber content is high, and excrement matter is thick, and loose porous, moisture easily evaporates, and water content is few, becomes thoroughly decomposed fast, in heap During product, caloric value is big, temperature is high, belongs to hot manure.Can be used for growing seedling in hotbed, heating effect is better than pig manure.Making compost When, appropriate horsehit is added, compost maturity can be promoted.As horsehit quality is thick, clayed soil is particularly well-suited to, can be used as cohesive soil The modifying agent of earth.

Sheep stool:Nitrogenous in muck, calcium, magnesium are higher.Sheep stool heat generation is occupy between horsehit and cattle manure, it is adaptable to all kinds of soil With all kinds of crops, effect of increasing production is good, can be used as base manure, topdresses and seed-fertilizer applying after becoming thoroughly decomposed.

Tea seed cake is Camellia remaining waste residue Jing after oil expression, may serve as the fertilizer of crops, contains tea soap in tea seed cake The materials such as element, the effect with insect prevention, but the fertilizer on market based on tea seed cake is simultaneously few, is added into as therein Point.Tea seed cake when as Fertilizer application typically just will can be used through 1~3 month even longer time of natural fermentation, and be added Enter bacteria agent, then accelerate fermentation the shortening time, while by enzymolysis, by the protein and cellulose decomposition of tea seed cake be peptides, Aminoacid, polysaccharide etc., it is easier to which crops absorb nutrition.

Photosynthetic bacteria belongs to autotrophy microorganism, and thalline itself is containing more than 60% protein, and gives birth to rich in various dimensions Element, also containing Ubidecarenone, antiviral substance and somatomedin;It with soil receive light and heat as the energy, by soil Hydrogen in sulfur hydrogen and Hydrocarbon is separated, change harmful substance into innocuous substance, and with the secretions of plant root, soil In Organic substance, harmful gass (hydrogen sulfide etc.) and carbon dioxide, nitrogen etc. be substrate, synthesis saccharide, amino acidses, vitamin Class, nitrogen compound, antiviral substance and biological active substanceies etc., are rich soil and the main power for promoting animal and plant growth Amount.The metabolite of photosynthetic bacteria group can be directly absorbed by plant, can also become the nutrient of other microbial reproductions.It is photosynthetic thin If bacterium breeds, other beneficial microbes can also be bred.For example:The aminoacid that VA VA Mycorrhizal Fungis are secreted with photosynthetic bacteria as bait, It can dissolve insoluble phosphorus, again can be with nitrogen-fixing bacteria symbiosis so as to which nitrogen fixing capacity is significantly improved.

Lactic acid bacteria forms lactic acid by absorbing the saccharide that photosynthetic bacteria, yeast are produced.Lactic acid has very strong sterilizing ability, Harmful microbe activity and the drastically corrupt of Organic substance can be effectively suppressed to decompose.Lactic acid bacteria can decompose and be difficult under normal conditions point The lignin and cellulose of solution, and decompose organic matter fermentation.Lactic acid bacteria can also suppress the pathogenic bacterium that continuous cropping obstacle is produced to increase Grow.Pathogenic bacterium enliven, and harmful nematode can be sharply increased, and plant will be weak, and lactic acid bacteria inhibits pathogenic bacterium, and harmful nematode will Fade away.

Secretions, the aminoacid of photosynthetic bacteria synthesis, saccharide and other Organic substances that yeast can be produced using plant root Matter produces fermenting power, and synthesis promotes root growth and fissional activation material.Yeast is in EM original solution for promotion Substrate (food) required for other effective microbes (such as lactic acid bacteria, actinomycetes) propagation provides important subsistence support.Additionally, The single cell protein that yeast is produced is the indispensable nutrient of animal.

Actinomycetes can obtain aminoacid, nitrogen etc. as substrate from photosynthetic bacteria, produce various antibiotics, dimension life Element and enzyme, can directly suppress pathogen.It obtains harmful mycete and the substrate required for bacterial multiplication in advance, so as to suppress it Propagation, and create the living environment of other beneficial microbes propagation.Actinomycetes and the mixed net bacterium of photosynthetic bacteria make It is much greater with the lethality than actinomycetes individual combat.It is to the difficult material for decomposing, such as lignin, cellulose, chitin etc. With Degradation, and easily passive plant absorption, strengthen resistance and immunity of the animals and plants to various diseases.

The beneficial effect that the present invention is compared with the prior art includes:

(1) Hylocereus undatuss of the invention plant biological organic fertilizer before fermentation to material moisture, C/N, oxygen concentration, organic matter The technological parameters such as content, pH value are optimized, and the physiological and biochemical property according to all kinds of strains, each stage of fermenting effect and The optimum proportioning of compounding, enables each quasi-microorganism to interact, mutually beneficial growth, makes fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed and ferments more thorough.

(2) composite bacteria agent capable and profitable strain are added by the present invention respectively in different fermentation stages, and fermentation for the first time makes multiple Close flora breed rapidly, by the protein in house refuse, animal wastes, tea seed cake and agricultural waste material, starch, cellulose, Lignin etc. is all kinds of to be unfavorable for plant growing or the unavailable material of plant so as to which becoming thoroughly decomposed and being degraded into is easy to plant absorption The nutritional labeling for utilizing.Second fermentation accesses the secondary expansion bacterium solution of profitable strain liquid, and control temperature makes its a large amount of propagation, so as to carry The viable count of probioticss in high fertilizer.

(3) Hylocereus undatuss are as high potassium plant, big to the demand of potassium, and potassium is the essential element for determining quality, in the present invention The nitrogen that the profitable strain nitrogen of addition, phosphorus, B. mucilaginocus can be fixed in air into soil, and plant can not profit in converting soil Phosphorus, potassium material become the nutrient that crop directly can absorb, and after applying this biological organic fertilizer, soil microorganism content increases Plus, soil peroxidase, invertase isoreactivity are significantly improved, and accelerate the decomposition of the soil organism and the conversion of mineral nutrient, Strengthen and extend the fertilizer efficiency to Hylocereus undatuss, so as to be conducive to absorption of the crop root system to nutrient.

(4) Hylocereus undatuss of the invention plantation biological organic fertilizer is applied on Hylocereus undatuss, with the common Hylocereus undatuss fertilizer phase of applying Than the natural anti-reflecting oxide anthocyanidin of its sarcocarp averagely increases by 77.3%, protein averagely increases the increase of 0.96%, vitamin C 14.9% and total sugar average content increase by 19.9%.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail with reference to specific embodiment.It is emphasized that the description below is only Only it is exemplary, rather than in order to limit the scope of the present invention and its application.

First, Hylocereus undatuss plant the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer

Embodiment one:

Hylocereus undatuss plant the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer, comprise the following steps:

S1:Material mixes:Material is weighed by following weight portion:House refuse 400kg, pig manure 70kg, cattle manure 50kg, sheep stool 50kg, horsehit 60kg, chicken manure 40kg, duck excrement 30kg, straw 50kg, Caulis et Folium Oryzae 50kg, corn grain bran 30kg, wood flour 30kg, tea seed cake 100kg, stirs, and carries out material detection, adjust physical and chemical index, control fermentation materials water content is 20 for 40%, C/N : 1, oxygen concentration 10%, the content of organic matter 40%, pH value 6;

S2:It is prepared by composite bacteria agent capable:Photosynthetic bacteria 1.25g, yeast 1.26g, lactic acid bacteria 0.63g, actinomycetes are weighed respectively 1.24g and bacillus subtilises 0.62g, weight ratio are 1: 1: 0.5: 1: 0.5, are added to distilled water: the ratio of glucose is 20: In 1 scale-up medium, amplification culture 1-3 days at 20-35 DEG C, the effective total viable count of gained composite bacteria agent capable are not less than 1,000,000,000 Individual/g;

S3:Turning is fermented:The fermentation materials of gained add 2.5% composite bacteria agent capable in step sl, stir laggard Row ferments for the first time, and temperature control is fermented 8 days, when fermentation materials internal temperature is increased to 65 DEG C, led at 30-65 DEG C Wind turning is stirred, and after fermenting 5 days, before fermentation temperature is less than 30 DEG C, with the addition of 20kg corn grain brans, 20kg wood flour materials; During first time fermentation ends, the profitable strain liquid for having sprayed 0.5% carries out second fermentation, and temperature control is fermented at 40-50 DEG C Become thoroughly decomposed after 3 days material completely;

It is prepared by profitable strain liquid:Azotobacter 0.6g, phosphobacteria 0.6g, B. mucilaginocus 0.6g is weighed respectively, and weight ratio is 1: 1: 1 It is added to glucose: the ratio of distilled water is 1: 25 secondary expansion bacterium solution.

S4:Drying:The material that will become thoroughly decomposed obtained by step S3 dries 10h at 20 DEG C, obtains final product Hylocereus undatuss plantation biological organic fertilizer.

Embodiment two:

Hylocereus undatuss plant the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer, comprise the following steps:

S1:Material mixes:Material is weighed by following weight portion:House refuse 60kg, pig manure 20kg, sheep stool 10kg, horsehit 20kg, straw 5kg, Caulis et Folium Oryzae 5kg, leaveves weeds 2kg, corn grain bran 5kg, wood flour 5kg, tea seed cake 20kg, mix, and carry out Material detect, adjust physical and chemical index, control fermentation materials water content is 35: 1 for 60%, C/N, oxygen concentration is 20%, organic Matter content 60%, pH value 8;

S2:It is prepared by composite bacteria agent capable:Photosynthetic bacteria 1.00g, yeast 1.10g, lactic acid bacteria 0.5g, actinomycetes are weighed respectively 1.01g with bacillus subtilises 0.51g, weight ratio is 2: 2: 1: 2: 1, distilled water is added to: the ratio of glucose is 25: 1 In scale-up medium, amplification culture 1-3 days at 20-35 DEG C, the effective total viable count of gained composite bacteria agent capable are not less than 1,000,000,000/g;

S3:Turning is fermented:The fermentation materials of gained add 0.5% composite bacteria agent capable in step sl, stir laggard Row ferments for the first time, and temperature control is fermented 10 days at 30-65 DEG C;When fermentation materials internal temperature is increased to 65 DEG C, led to Wind turning is stirred, and after fermenting 7 days, before fermentation temperature is less than 30 DEG C, with the addition of 5kg straws, 3kg leaveves weeds materials, the At the end of one time fermentation, the profitable strain liquid for having sprayed 0.2% carries out second fermentation, temperature control at 40-50 DEG C, fermentation 3 Become thoroughly decomposed after it material completely;

It is prepared by profitable strain liquid:Azotobacter 0.4g, phosphobacteria 0.4g, B. mucilaginocus 0.4g is weighed respectively, and weight ratio is 1: 1: 1 It is added to glucose: the ratio of distilled water is 1: 25 secondary expansion bacterium solution.

S4:Naturally dry:The material that becomes thoroughly decomposed obtained by step S3 is dried naturally, Hylocereus undatuss plantation biological organic fertilizer is obtained final product.

Embodiment three:

Hylocereus undatuss plant the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer, comprise the following steps:

S1:Material mixes:Material is weighed by following weight portion:House refuse 100kg, pig manure 16kg, cattle manure 16kg, sheep stool 16kg, horsehit 16kg, chicken manure 16kg, straw 10kg, Caulis et Folium Oryzae 10kg, wood flour 10kg, tea seed cake 20kg, mix, and carry out thing Material detection, adjusts physical and chemical index, controls to obtain fermentation materials water content 50%, and C/N is 30: 1, and 15%, organic matter contains oxygen concentration Amount 50%, pH value 7;

S2:It is prepared by composite bacteria agent capable:Photosynthetic bacteria 0.60, yeast 0.60g, lactic acid bacteria 0.30g, actinomycetes are weighed respectively 0.60g and bacillus subtilises 0.30g, weight ratio are 2: 2: 1: 2: 1, are added to distilled water: the ratio of glucose is 23: 1 In scale-up medium, amplification culture 1-3 days at 20-35 DEG C, the effective total viable count of gained composite bacteria agent capable are not less than 1,000,000,000/g;

S3:Turning is fermented:The fermentation materials of gained add 1% composite bacteria agent capable in step sl, carry out after stirring Ferment for the first time, temperature control is fermented 10 days at 30-65 DEG C;When fermentation materials internal temperature is increased to 65 DEG C, it is aerated Turning is stirred, and after fermenting 6 days, before fermentation temperature is less than 30 DEG C, with the addition of 10kg corn grain bran materials, for the first time fermentation knot Shu Shi, the profitable strain liquid for having sprayed 0.3% carry out second fermentation, and at 40-50 DEG C, fermentation was obtained after 4 days temperature control Become thoroughly decomposed material entirely;

It is prepared by profitable strain liquid:Azotobacter 0.24g, phosphobacteria 0.24g, B. mucilaginocus 0.24g is weighed respectively, and weight ratio is 1: Be added to glucose at 1: 1: the ratio of distilled water is 1: 25 secondary expansion bacterium solution.

S4:Naturally dry:The material that becomes thoroughly decomposed obtained by step S3 is dried naturally, Hylocereus undatuss plantation biological organic fertilizer is obtained final product.

2nd, application test

For verifying that Hylocereus undatuss of the present invention plant the effect of bio-organic fertilizer, by following experimental verification.

Fertilizer needs to carry out the checking test of fertilizer efficiency before application, chooses Hylocereus undatuss economic plants first, carries out facet Product, the laboratory test of small lot.In order to verify that Hylocereus undatuss of the present invention plant the fertilizer efficiency of biological organic fertilizer, by the fertilizer and control Common fertilizer carries out contrast and is applied on Hylocereus undatuss, is contained by observation, the profile for determining Hylocereus undatuss, color and luster, mouthfeel, protein The indexs such as amount, total sugar content, anthocyanidin content and Vitamin C content are verifying the fertilizer efficiency of fertilizer.

Differentiate in terms of red heart Hylocereus undatuss and common red heart Hylocereus undatuss form using present invention fertilising:

Using red heart Hylocereus undatuss and the common red heart Hylocereus undatuss nutritional labeling testing result of present invention fertilising

Using the red heart Hylocereus undatuss of present invention fertilising compared with common red heart Hylocereus undatuss, the natural anti-reflecting oxide flower of its sarcocarp The averagely increase by 77.3%, protein of blue or green element averagely increases by 0.96%, vitamin C increase by 14.9% and total sugar average content and increases 19.9%.

Above content is with reference to specific/preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, it is impossible to What identification was of the invention is embodied as being confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention comes Say, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, which can also make some replacements or modification to the embodiment that these have described, And these substitute or variant should all be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Chemical Solutions & Technology

Fertilization Regimen

Dragon Fruit requires judicious application of fertilizer for better yields. The recommendations for fertilizer rates varies considerably. However, it is generally found that the crop requires frequent fertilization at the early stage of growth. The recommended fertilization application in Taiwan is 4kg of organic manure per pillar every 4 months, supplemented with 100g per plant of NPK 13:13:1. In Hawaiian plantations, NPK 16:16:16 is applied at 180 – 230g per pillar every 4 – 6 months. Calcium and micronutrients are also applied to enhance fruit growth and firmness. Low nitrogen fertilizers mixtures of NPK 0:10:10 & 2:10:10 has also been recommended for Dragon Fruits.

In Vietnam, young (less than 3 years old) plants are fertilized with 10 – 15kg of farmyard manure and 100 g of super phosphate/plant at the time of planting. During the first two years, 300 g of urea and 200 g of NPK (16:16:8) is applied to each plant every year. The fertilizer is applied in three lots, at one month, six months and twelve months after planting, respectively (Ke, 1997). According to Tri et al (2000), mature plants (at least three years old) should be fertilized 4 times a year as follows :

No. Stage Type of fertilizer Application rate per pillar
1 Immediately after harvest N

P2O5

Manure

216g

216 g

20kg

2 Two months later N

P2O5

K2O

162g

144g

45g

3 Just before flowering N

P2O5

K2O

54g

288g

120g

4 When young fruits are developing N

P2O5

K2O

108g

72g

135g

For BINH THUAN Dragon Fruit, the fertilization regimen is as follows :

Stage Type of Fertilizers Application Rate per pillar Frequency
Year 1 NPK 20:20:15 50g Once a month
Year 2 onwards NPK 20:20:15

Manure

100g

2kg

Once a month
Flower bud generating stage (about 25 days) Fertilizers for spraying on foliage e.g. GA3, Antonics NA Spray on the 7th, 14th & 21st day after flower buds appear
Bearing fruits stage (about 30 days) Fertilizers for spraying on foliage e.g. GA3, Antonics NA Spray on the 3rd and 14th day after flowering

The fertilization regimen reportedly practiced by some farmers in Vietnam is as follows :

Stage Type of fertilizer Application rate per pillar Application Frequency
Year 1 Urea

Super Phosphate

50g

50g

Every 4 months
Fruit bearing stage Urea

Super Phosphate

Potassium

Organic Fertilizer

0.5kg

0.5kg

0.5kg

20kg

Every 4 months
During fruits development Micro elements e.g. foliar fertilizer Once a week
10 days before harvest No fertilizer to be applied

The fertilization practice recommended by the Malaysian Department of Agriculture is as follows:

Stage Type of Fertilizer Application Rate per pillar Application Frequency
Young plant (Up to 6 mth) NPK 15:15:15 100g 2 months once
Young plant (7 mths and above) NPK 15:15:15 200g 2 months once
Fruit bearing stage NPK 13:13:21 300g Alternate 1 month fertilization for fruiting and 1 month fertilization for growth
After fruiting NPK 15:15:15 300g Alternate 1 month fertilization for fruiting and 1 month fertilization for growth

The fertilization practice recommended by Department of Agriculture Sarawak is as follows:

Stage Type of fertilizer Application Rate per pillar Application Frequency
Initial (after planting) Rock Phosphate

Dolomite

Manure

0.4kg

0.1kg

5kg

NA

Note : Apply fertilizers at the root, body, branches before planting

Year 1 NPK 15:15:15 0.1kg Once every 2 months
Start flowering NPK 12:12:17.2+TE 0.1kg Once every 2 months
Year 2 and above NPK 12:12:17.2+TE

Organic fertilizer

0.2kg

5kg

Once every 2 months

Once every 4 months

References :

Ke, N.V. (1997). Dragon fruit. Agriculture Publisher, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

How to Fertilize Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit, also known as pitaya, is a native of Latin America and is now being cultivated in Asian countries, primarily for the nutritional content of the fruit. Dragon fruit are eaten in salads, made into drinks, and the color is used to dye food. The dragon fruit plant is a climbing cactus and is best suited for propagation in dry areas. The long white flowers, which bloom only at night (the plant is also called night-blooming cereus), produce fleshy, scaled fruit. Dragon fruit can be grown either as an ornamental or to bear fruit. Ornamental dragon fruit does not require fertilization. However, dragon fruit grown for food requires frequent fertilization to produce a healthy crop. The root system of the dragon fruit sits close to the surface and quickly absorbs existing nutrition in the soil. Correct fertilizing can lead to a bountiful harvest of dragon fruit.

Apply 3 oz. of 13-13-13 fertilizer around the base of the plant 3 months after planting. Surround the base of the plant with 4 lbs. of well-composted cow manure. Keep manure away from the stem.

Repeat application of fertilizer every 3 to 4 months during the first year of growth. Stop fertilizing 10 days before harvest.

Apply 0.3 to 0.4 lbs. fertilizer every 2 months during the second and third year. Increase manure to to 6 lbs. during the second and third years, spreading manure around the base of each plant.

During and following the fourth year, increase fertilizer to 0.5 to 0.75 lbs., applying three to four times a year. Add 5 lbs. of manure twice a year.

Dragon Fruit Production Guide

Dragon fruit or Pitaya grows best in uniformly distributed rainfall throughout the year. It prefers free draining soil with sandy to clay loam types, 5.3 to 6.7 pH and high organic matter. However, Pitaya is also grown successfully in sandy soils. Pitaya is shallow rooted with most roots concentrated on top 15- 30 cm soil depth.

Dragon fruit or pitaya is a vining epiphytic cactus from the humid tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Like their desert counterparts they are able to tolerate harsh dry conditions but only for a limited time.

The fruit is round , often red colored fruit with prominent scales . The thin rind encloses the large mass of sweetly flavored white or red pulp and small black seeds. Some varieties are pinkish or yellow.

It can be taken as fruit, flower, vegetable, health product and medicine as well, called “priceless treasure”.

Dragon Fruit Varieties

1. Red Varieties – Fruits have been used to combat anemia

a) Hylocereus undatus:
* Climbing cactus with large, scented, night blooming flowers
* Fruit weighs 1 kg or more with light melon-like taste
* Fruit has bright red skin, with translucent white flesh and tiny black seeds
* With triangular cross-section of its stem and minimal spines

b) Hylocereus polyrhizus
* Fruit weighs up to 1 kg
* With red skin, dark-red flesh which contains small black seeds
* Stems have more spines

2. Yellow Variety
* Selenicereus megalanthus
* Smaller fruit with yellow skin and clear to white flesh containing edible black seeds
* Sweeter than red varieties
* Contains the heart tonic captine

Elevation

Optimum elevation is 100 to 800 meters above sea level preferably with 30% shade to full sun as Pitaya grows slowly when shaded.

Propagation

Pitaya is propagated by seeds or stem cuttings. The latter is more preferred. Stem cuttings were raised in the nursery for 2 -3 months.

Plant Establishment

Recommended planting distance is 3 meters between concrete posts and 4 meters between rows. A narrower spacing gives quicker production than larger spacing. Higher density plantings produce quicker returns, but plants will begin to crowd each other sooner.

Planting is done at 3 to 4 plants per post, Rooted cuttings may be planted directly or kept in 9″ x 13″ black polyethylene bags. For direct rooted cuttings, position them 15 cm away from the post at and angle leaning towards the post. Direct planting is 5 cm depth, while for transplants, hole depth should be same as height of plastic bag’s soil depth. Irrigate and protect newly emerging foliar buds from ants and other insects.

Fertilizer/ Nutrients

Apply a handful of complete fertilizer (14-14-14) 3 months after planting and continue fertilizer applications every 3 months thereafter. Pitaya also requires organic matter. Nitrogen is necessary during the vegetative growth of the plant and is reduced during dormant and pre-flowering stages (later December to mid-March). Apply foliar sprays every 2 weeks during vegetative stage and less during fruiting stage.

Frequency of fertilizer application varies according to personal judgment and preferences. Optimum frequency and quantity depends on the plant’s response. Pitaya is very responsive to soil and foliar fertilizer applications.

Pruning

Major and minor pruning is a regular orchard operation regardless of age of Pitaya. Prune to obtain an open, manageable and productive umbrella shaped canopy.

Pest and Diseases

The roots, stems, foliar and flower buds, flower and fruit are attacked by a range of pests and diseases. Pests include mites, thrips, ants, scale insects, mealy bugs, beetles, slugs, borers, nematodes, fruit flies and rodents such as mice, birds, or bats. Chlorpyrifos-based insecticides may be used to control ants and other pests as well.

Copper-based fungicides (copper, copper oxychloride, dithane M45, cupravit, mancozeb, etc. can be applied at appropriate dosage and spray as needed. Systemic fungicides such as benomyl, carbendazim, azcxystrobin,etc. are also effective in wide range of pitaya diseases.

Avoid, however, pesticide spraying when nearing harvest time. Bagging of green fruit using clear perforated polyethylene bags (China-made) are recommended to protect fruit from fruit fly stings.

Weeding/ Sanitation

Gasoline-driven weedcutters are recommended for orchards. Handweed within the inner 30 diameter of each post to avoid damage to plants. Control weeds as they harbor pests and compete with soil nutrients.

Irrigation

Water requirement of Pitaya is similar to papaya. Irrigation is critical during fertilizer applications and fruiting. Excess drying of soil and less frequent irrigation results in abnormally high splitting of fruit. For newly planted Pitaya, allow soil to dry before irrigation to avoid rots.

Harvest

Harvesting indices include full red coloration of the terminal petal and swelling of the navel end to the point of cracking. Based on Davao planting, harvest period include: First Cycle of harvest -June – October; 2nd Cycle of harvest – December – January.

* Fruit is harvested from 30-50 days after flowering
* 5-6 fruit crop cycles a year (between May and November)
* Stored at 5°C with 90% relative humidity and can be stored for up to 40 days
* Average weight per fruit ranges from 200 to 1.2 kg

Profit from Dragon Fruits
Since its establishment 5 years ago, many interested farmers who wanted to grow dragon fruit and even buyers in Davao City now frequently visited the techno-demo farm in Manambulan, Davao City. With the successful production technologies on dragon fruit, better opportunities, both production- and market-wise, lie ahead.

According to Mr. Estellena, the potential of dragonfruit is very much bright because it commands a very high price in the local market; it costs around P120-150 per kilo. He added that, a three-year old dragonfruit can produce 5-6 t/ha amounting to P720,000 in the local market alone. It is no wonder that dragon fruit is now dubbed as the new money crop-truly, a high revenue earner.

The group of Mr. Estellena, aside from showcasing the production technologies on dragon fruit, is now distributing planting materials to interested growers.

Produced by: Knowledge Management– Farmer Information and Technology Service Center (KMFITS)
DA-SMIARC, Bago Oshiro, Tugbok District, Davao City

Sources: TLRC, BAR
Photo credit: jetsetzero.tv

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  • Dragon Flower Stock Photos and Images

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    DRAGON FRUIT – PITAYA

    Botanical Name: Hylocereus sp Description

    Also known as the Dragon Fruit, the Pitaya is a stunningly beautiful fruit with an intense colour and shape, magnificent flowers and a delicious taste. Once only seen in the finest restaurants it is fast becoming common-place throughout Australia as a garnish and a delicious fresh fruit. To eat the fruit serve chilled and cut in half. Scoop out the flesh and seeds much like a kiwi fruit.

    Dragon Fruit – Red

    A spectacular night flowering cactus with highly ornamental pink skin & red flesh fruit containing numerous small black seeds. Fruit can be up to 1kg with a melon like flavour. Self pollinating selection. Sourced from Picone Exotic Orchards Guide to planting bare rooted cacti Please note, calloused cuttings are marked with an arrow, plant with the arrow pointing upwards.

    Dragon Fruit – Yellow

    These strongly scented trumpet like flowers are freely produced in late summer followed by fruit in 4-8 weeks. Yellow fruit and white flesh. Best flavoured pitaya, but very thorny. Sourced from Picone Exotic Orchards

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $17.90 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 30-40cm
    Seeking Propagation Material
    $17.90 0 Cutting Pot: 0.75L
    Height: 20-30cm
    In Production

    Dragon Fruit – Purple Haze

    Red skin and firm, vibrant electric magenta coloured flesh. Purple Haze produces an abundance of fruit with and a definite grape flavour. Fine seeds similar to those of kiwi.

    Dragon Fruit – Pearl

    A spectacular night flowering cactus with highly ornamental pink skin & white fleshed fruit containing numerous small black seeds. Fruit can be up to 1kg with a melon like flavour. Self pollinating selection from Vietnam. Sourced from Picone Exotic Orchards Guide to planting bare rooted cacti. Please note, calloused cuttings are marked with an arrow, plant with the arrow pointing upwards.

    Dragon Fruit – Sugar Dragon

    Small, duck egg sized fruit, purple flesh and brilliant flavour. Heavy flowering vine that is self fertile. Produces abundant pollen for pollinating other varieties.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $27.00 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 20-30cm
    In Production

    Dragon Fruit – Aussie Gold

    Large, yellow thornless Dragon Fruit, excellent quality up to 1.5kg in weight. Good flavour and an attractive, easy to handle fruit. Does best with a pollinator, use the Pearl Dragonfruit as pollinator.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $27.00 0 Cutting Pot: 0.75L
    Height: 30-40cm
    In Production
    $24.75 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 30-40cm
    Seeking Propagation Material

    Dragon Fruit – Frankies Red Dwarf

    These strongly scented, trumpet like flowers are freely produced in late summer followed by fruit in 4-8 weeks. Orange-red skin with vibrant pink-red flesh. The best flavoured pitaya, but very thorny.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $24.75 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 30-40cm
    In Production

    Dragon Fruit – Lemonade

    A unique flavoured Pitaya selection with Lemonade flavour. Pink Skin, white Fleshed. Limited quantities as we are still trialing it and have to fruit it to confirm quality and fruit characteristics.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $24.75 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 20-30cm
    In Production

    Dragon Fruit – Dark Star

    Medium to large sized fruit with red flesh and a mild, sweet grape-like flavor that is most enjoyed when chilled and eaten fresh. This variety is self pollinating. It has long skinny bracts or fins that make it especially attractive. White elaborate flowers bloom only at night. Grow Dragon Fruit in well-drained soils, in full sun to partial shade. Water this cactus regularly and do not allow the soil to dry out between watering.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $24.75 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 20-30cm
    In Production

    Dragon Fruit – Pink Panther

    Medium sized magenta fruit, its very sweet and is a Hylocereus Polyrhizus cross.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $27.00 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 20-30cm
    In Production
    $27.00 0 Cutting Pot: Olv.Tube
    Height: 30-40cm
    Seeking Propagation Material

    Dragon Fruit – Delight

    A seedling selection made by the California Rare Fruit Growers. It is a medium to large fruit with sweet, smooth flesh and unique pink hue. It is self pollinating.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $24.75 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 30-40cm
    In Production

    Dragon Fruit – Pitahaya

    The skin as well as the sweet pulp of the fruit are a wine-red color. Usually eaten out of hand. This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds. The flowers are fragrant. Requires a sturdy trellis to grow on.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $19.75 0 Cutting Pot: 0.75L
    Height: 20-30cm
    Seeking Propagation Material

    Dragon Fruit – Malaysian Purple

    A purple fleshed variety with great colour and a delicate light flavour. Bob Brinsmead’s favourite selection from Tropical Fruit World.

    Image Price Avail. Propagation Size Buy Options
    $27.00 0 Cutting Pot: 2.5L
    Height: 50-60cm
    Seeking Propagation Material
    $24.00 0 Cutting Pot: 0.5L
    Height: 20-30cm
    Seeking Propagation Material

    Extra Images & Youtube Videos – Click to view full size

    Plant Information or Specifications

    Max Height (when in the ground with good conditions)

    +10m

    Plants required to Pollinate

    2 compatible plants (Pollination Required)
    Learn about Pollination

    Can it Handle Frosts?

    Yes

    Amount of leaves in Winter?

    All Leaves (Evergreen)

    Fruiting/Harvest Months

    February, March, April, May, June, July

    Customer Comments on Dragon Fruit – Pitaya

    Tree Information on growing, planting, pruning, maintenance, ripening, taste, pick or bonsai tips. But mainly how to grow a Dragon Fruit – Pitaya Share Your Advice or ask questions on our Forum

    Dragon Fruit – Pitaya

    If you are growing Pitaya cuttings, let them dry for 24-48hrs before planting | Otto – Brisbane, QLD 10-Jan-2006 Must hand pollinate with a brush. Insects too unreliable away from native areas. Does better with sharp drainage but tolerant of wetter soils. Plant against walls / fences so adventitious roots can stick to surface and support. Dilute fertilse frerquently | David White – Newcastle, NSW 30-Jan-2006

    Pitaya – Red

    Cut fruit in half, scoop out flesh – put aside skin for use later. Mix flesh with pureed strawberries and castor sugar. Return mixture into skins and serve, topped with whipped cream. | Kerryn W – Melbourne, VIC 28-Mar-2006 Beutiful flower | Rasli – Kuala Lumpur, SELAN 26-May-2006 Cut of a section and leave on the ground for new plant(water will rot it) | Jack Hipply – Melbourne, VIC 18-Jun-2006 Thang loy: ( pronounced tarng loy? )vietnamese words for the Dragon Fruit . Flower : Does the Dragon flower smell strongly for only one night each year ? | Rolf – Bankstown, NSW 27-Jun-2006

    Pitaya – Vietnam Dragon Fruit

    The vietnamese name for dragon fruit is Thanh long | Vy Nguyen – Bronx, NY 13-Jul-2006 Eat it whole | Abby E. Andaya – Cavite, PHIL. 06-Aug-2006 Boiled the adventitous root, good for body, Make tea from the flowers after 24 hours blooming: go my blog http://azmidragon.fotopages.com/ | Azmi Ibrahim – Malaysia, SELAN 06-Oct-2006 They grow pitaya from south america all the way to canada | John Furdun – Pittsfield, MA 30-Oct-2006 Fruit grow big and more with good fertilizing schedule. Organic fertilizer work batter then chemical fertilizer, friut found sweeter with organic fertilizer and it is more healthy. | Bruce – Aramijaya Sdn. Bhd. Malaysia, JOHOR 02-Nov-2006 Yes, Dragonfruit grows in Massachusettes. It is the king of all fruits has a lemony taste. It has a taste all of it’s own. | John Furdun – Pittsfield, MA 20-Nov-2006 I have found that the white fleshed ones are more bitter than the red fleshed.The blended flesh can be used as a base for fruit drinks, and a substitute for grenadine. even can be used in sorbet, and can be blended with berries and sugar then frozen | Shade – Sydney , NSW 28-Feb-2007 Plant in not-sandy soil, it must be 4-6 inchis dept! | Russel B. Ebal – Dahlia St. Aurora, Zambo. Del Sur, STATE 21-May-2007 Cross pollination with different pitaya flower, to develop new genes…. | Abid – Kuala Lumpur, W.P 01-Jun-2007 I cross polinate yellow and red about an hour after dark then go back out and do the same 2 hours later 100% sucess | Ron Briggs – Grafton , NSW 13-Jun-2007 Eat with ice cream | Luvdragon – Terengganu, TEREN 11-Jul-2007 My Mom planted Dragon Fruit as part of her hobby and now it turned into a rewarding hobby by selling it to friends and neighbors.Wanna try? E-mail [email protected] | Daniel H. Ugali – Cavite, PHILS 19-Jul-2007 IT IS GOLDMINE FRUIT. GROW VERY FAST, HIGH PRICE, GOOD 4 YOUR HEALTH, CAN’T WAIT 4 MY DRAGON TO RIPE AND HARVESTING | Ro – Kedah, M’SIA 22-Aug-2007 It’s very addicted on organic fertilizer, chicken dung,guano & etc. But very rewarding. My boss has plenty as hobby at Kelulit,bekenu. | Boyce Ngau Anyi – Miri,malaysia, SWAK 22-Aug-2007 The height of the plant does not have limit since it grow in segment of about ~3ft each. Will grow on most clingable surface and can grow off of other tree (will kill the other tree as it’s a leeching plant). Prefer moist/humid climate | Paul – San Jose, CA, 12-Sep-2007 The flower doesn’t produce aroma as it cousin. Root will grow out of segmented pieces (plantable). Too much ferterlizer will cause the fruit to grow too fast which eliminate the true taste (sweet and cool). | Paul – Sj, CA 12-Sep-2007 THE PLANT NOT USE TOO MUCH WATER AND IT CAN LIFE MORE LONGER LIKE SPECIES OF CACTUS | Siti Aminah Binti Abu Hassan – Sarawak, MIRI 25-Oct-2007 Personally, I find the red fruit the most sensuous flavour and aroma. It is very high in anti-oxidents and beautiful with mango and red papaya and a squeeze of lime. Beautiful in gelati or just mixed with yoghurt and eaten raw or frozen like a Wiess bar | Barbara Gibbs – Mareeba, QLD 10-Nov-2007 Love the red pitaya, can we get the yellow one in sydney. Also are the pitaya grown in australia. | Annie Williams – Centennial Park, NSW 10-Mar-2008 Indeed Pitaya farming is a goldmine.Most triends visiting our farm calls it a “Wheel of Fortune” as the canopy shapes lies on old motorcycle wheels, It does bring fortune. | Edita Aguinaldo Dacuycuy – Pasuquin, Ilocos Norte, PHIL. 26-Mar-2008 The Pitaya need direct sunlight in order to fruit. It rarely fruit under shade. Suitable material for it to creep over will be 4″x4″ concrete post or wooden post with a motorcycle tyre placed horizontally on top for it to branch. | Cyril Yap – Melaka, M’CCA 30-Sep-2008 Have cut sections off my red dragon and planted about a dozen,all growing also have 2 dozen white flesh (1 yo)and all are healthy and over 2m tall. yeehah i`m gonna have a feast | Randey Watson – East Cannington, WA 24-Oct-2008 I like to grow dragon fruits.can someone please tell me how can i do it.i am from sri lanka.thanks .my name is tony. | Tony Xavier James – Colombo, MALAB 17-Nov-2008 I first encountered this fruit sliced on a buffet – I thought it tasted like a less-astringent kiwi fruit – outstanding flavor! | Pat Cummings – Santa Rosa, CA 19-Nov-2008 Flowing but turned into yellow at the end.Why? | Alice – Malaysia, S’WAK 24-Nov-2008 Has anyone had any experiences with fruiting with plants grown from seeds and cuttings. Which ones fruit quicker? | Nikhil – Brisbane, QLD 01-Dec-2008 I have an deep orange Pitaya and has a mango like taste. I planted the seeds of a white fleshe pitaya planted near several varieties of cascti. I do not know if they are poisonos. can anybody help m? | Botomon A. Leung – Batac (ex City), PHILI 25-Dec-2008 To Randey W.A. Too much pollen can turn the fruit behind the flower yellow – it will drop off in a few days. Take a small brush 9.00 pm – brush the pollen from inside of large bell and brush very lightly on smaller external flower [female pt | Fred Thompson – Airville , QLD 02-Jan-2009 I am from East Africa, stayed in \Asia for a while and loved eating dragon fruit…where can I get some to plant back home in Kenya….can someone help me with cuttings to plant? | Irene N – Nairobi, KENYA 13-Feb-2009 Thanks for any replys in advance, I put in one long peice of dragonfruit white and red red has grown a lot in 6 mths can anyone advise when it will flower do they have to be mature or gown when it is mature i have read 3 yrs | Julieanne Moule – Brisbane, QLD 21-Feb-2009 Can anyone give me cold hardiness informaton on the different Varieties. Please. | Linda Maccoy – Portland, OR 01-Mar-2009 Very interesting plant. Am now convinced to start a farm. Please include me in your tips. | Aida Mendoza – Quezon City, PHILI 04-Mar-2009 You can sometimes buy the red ones in Woolworths! Durians too, Im in heaven. | Smurfette – Sydney, NSW 20-Jun-2009 Would anyone be able to tell me how long they take to bare fruit from seedlings, will they grow in a large pot thanks | Nikki Collins – Bowen, QLD 01-Aug-2009 Given unusual conditions we have had them fruit in the pots in the nursery. However more then likely they will need to be established and climb up on something. | Correy – Brisbane, QLD 11-Aug-2009 They grow and fruit very well in a 300ml pot. From a cutting I planted in ground in full sun in rich well manured soil mine fruited within 8 mnths. Pollination by black ants from only one flower. The flowers are spectacular. | Michelle Smith – Kuranda, QLD 22-Aug-2009 Refer to your dragon fruit, your most ‘enemy’ is fruit-fly. we have a nonwoven product name HEIGROW as fruit cover and already proved on other kinds of fruit such mango, citrus, papaya, cavendish banana and so on. for further assistance, visit welttech. | Welttech – Surabaya, IND 20-Jan-2010 Planted dragon fruit in rows 3m apart on wooden posts. How high should I put rails. | N Mitchell – Bowen, QLD 21-Jan-2010 Water 2weeks apart, use organic fertilizer for best results | Rosana – Tagbilaran City, BOHOL 04-Apr-2010 Grows wild in s.fla, great frozen mixedin blender w/almond milk and splenda almond milk and splenda | Marie – Miami, FL 26-Jul-2010 Plant the seed on top of the ground. If covered with material it will not grow. | Henry – Pretoria , S A 12-Dec-2010 Potash helped my dragonfruit flower in 2 weeks. 21 flowers. Previous year, only one. | Rob Dunn – Brisbane, QLD 11-Apr-2011 it’s Thanh Long in Vietnamese not Thang Loy don’t know where you get that from Rolf | Tuan – Fairfield, 2165 27-Apr-2011 I am a fresh graduate of bs biology,i am a small scale business man. i have been growing dragon fruit about 6months ago and it produces flowering buds in that life span, i am very happy to have this as one of my business. | Edwin Bobila Panuelos – Nueva Ecija, PHL 06-May-2011 Fruit are usually ready to pick 41 days from when they flower. My plants are pollinated by both bees and ants | Barb Vee – Bundaberg, QLD 03-Feb-2012 Fruit set is better if the weather is fine..more ants. How do you pollinate by hand.?I have white and red | Peter Frost – Bundaberg, QLD 13-Feb-2012 I purchased the 3 dragon fruit offered at Daleys a number of years ago. All bore in first year now bear up to 40 fruit a year. I am now growing 12 other named dragon fruit varieties and would recommend this fruit as one of the easiest to grow. | Pat – Mount Morgan, QLD 18-Dec-2013

    Pitaya – Pearl Dragon Fruit

    I dont know much about it but like gardning | Mintu Brar – Munno Para West, SA 09-Apr-2014

    Pitaya – Red Dragon Fruit

    Grows pretty well in Cairns AUS. Needs lime or dolomite in high rainfall and definitely full sun. One of mine gets less sun 1m away from a prolific plant and refuses to flower… I rate the red but want to gave a go at the purple variety. | Jason B – Cairns, QLD 10-Jan-2015 Growiing happily in chook pen, full sun, loves chook poo to fertilise, organic mulch from poo/straw/ pulverised egg shells from chooks! Good drainage. Toni. P. Southwest Western Australia. | Toni Parkes – Bridgetown, W.A 14-Mar-2015 I grow red yellow and i think white found the white one off a cliff and took cuttings they are growing had my big red fore 6 years only flowed once dropped the fruit *I( | Todd Marshal Kelly – Brisbane Sandgate , QLD 13-Jul-2015 I grow the plant organically. Goat’s manure is the best. | Des – Iloilo, Philippines, PHIL 14-Nov-2017

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    Red Dragon Fruit Stock Photos and Images

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    • Asian red dragon fruit vegetarian salad. topped with fried spring onions and a asian dressing.
    • Dragon fruit or pitaya horizontal composition isolated on white background as package design element
    • Isolated dragonfruit. Cut dragon fruits (pitaya) isolated on white background with clipping path
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • red Dragon Fruit on white background
    • red dragon fruit in the farms
    • Chia seeds pudding with red dragon fruit and mango
    • Red Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis), or Pitaya, ripening in the sun.
    • Group of exotic tropical fruits. Mango, dragon fruit, passion fruit, coconut, kiwi, pineapple and strawberry on concrete blue background. Fresh fruit
    • Slices of red dragon fruit on a plate close up
    • vivid and vibrant red dragon fruit isolated on white
    • a whole, fresh, ripe Dragon Fruit
    • Fresh tropical smoothie with red dragon fruit, green avocado, yogurt and honey in glass mug for breakfast , close up. The concept of healthy eating, s
    • Colorful exotic fruit
    • Red dragon fruit on a wooden board
    • Pumpkins and red dragon fruit (pitaya) for sale at a hawker market, Bukit Batok, Singapore.
    • Slice of red dragon fruit
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • Red Dragon Fruit or Red Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus)
    • Asian red dragon fruit vegetarian salad. topped with fried spring onions and a asian dressing.
    • Dragon fruit or pitahaya isolated on white background as package design element
    • Isolated dragonfruits. One and a half dragon fruit (pitaya) isolated on white background with clipping path
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • A Close-up of red dragon fruit.
    • red dragon fruit in the gardens
    • Chia seeds pudding with red dragon fruit and mango
    • Red Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis), or Pitaya, ripening in the sun.
    • Fruit salad with dragon fruit, top view. Healthy eating, healthy lifestyle concept
    • Dragon fruits at the market stall in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    • vivid and vibrant red dragon fruit isolated on white
    • a whole, fresh, ripe Dragon Fruit
    • Fresh tropical smoothie with red dragon fruit, green avocado, yogurt and honey in glass mug for breakfast , close up. The concept of healthy eating, s
    • Colorful exotic fruit
    • Lychee,Pineapple,Dragon fruit smoothie
    • arranged freshy fruity; kiwi, strawberry, berry, dragon fruit, papaya, mango, mint, chocolate, milk, orange, pineapple ice-cream stick, frozen in froz
    • Close-up of a slice of a red dragon fruit
    • Lychee,Pineapple,Dragon fruit smoothie
    • Red Dragon Fruit or Red Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus)
    • Fresh Dragon fruit in Dragon fruit bowl
    • Red Dragon Fruit from Taiwan
    • Pitaya dragon fruit
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • Red dragon fruit cutted in the Kitchen
    • red dragon fruit flower in the gardens
    • Pitaya dragon fruit
    • Isolated pitahaya fruits. Cut pitahaya (dragonfruit) isolated on white background with clipping path
    • Exotic or tropical fruits assortment. Pineapple, coconut, passion fruit, pitaya, grapes and kiwi. Group of fresh fruits. Fruit background
    • Vivid and vibrant red dragon fruit cut on old wooden table, Chi Phat, Cambodia
    • vivid and vibrant red dragon fruit isolated on white
    • a whole, fresh, ripe Dragon Fruit
    • Fresh tropical smoothie with red dragon fruit, green avocado, yogurt and honey in glass mug for breakfast , close up. The concept of healthy eating, s
    • Colorful exotic fruit
    • Red Dragon fruit or Pitaya growing on a fruit farm, Sepang, Malaysia. Dragon fruit are a plant in the Cactaceae or Cactus family
    • arranged freshy fruity; kiwi, strawberry, berry, dragon fruit, papaya, mango, mint, chocolate, milk, orange, pineapple ice-cream stick, frozen in froz
    • Red dragon fruit.
    • Fiery red dragon fruit.
    • Red Dragon Fruit or Red Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus)
    • Fresh Dragon fruit in Dragon fruit bowl
    • Growing Red dragon fruit or pitaya. Bali, Indonesia.
    • red dragon fruit food on sale market jalan petaling street kuala lumpur chinatown malaysia malaysian chinese food
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • Fresh Dragon fruit in Dragon fruit bowl
    • Pitahaya or dragon fruit
    • Tropical fruit, still life
    • Fresh Dragon fruit in Dragon fruit bowl
    • Mango, pitaya, kiwi, strawberry and passion fruit. Tropical fruits on concrete background
    • Vivid and vibrant red dragon fruit cut on old wooden table, Chi Phat, Cambodia
    • Red dragon fruit, pilaya fruit salad close up
    • Asian market displaying a pile of red dragon fruit in Siem Reap.
    • Fresh tropical smoothie with red dragon fruit, green avocado, yogurt and honey in glass mug for breakfast , close up. The concept of healthy eating, s
    • Colorful exotic fruit
    • Red Dragon fruit or Pitaya growing on a fruit farm, Sepang, Malaysia. Dragon fruit are a plant in the Cactaceae or Cactus family
    • arranged freshy fruity; kiwi, strawberry, berry, dragon fruit, papaya, mango, mint, chocolate, milk, orange, pineapple ice-cream stick, frozen in froz
    • White and red dragon fruit.
    • A red dragon fruit isolated on a white background.
    • Red Dragon Fruit or Red Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus)
    • bright juicy tropical red dragon fruit. Dragon fruit or Pitaya is the plant in Cactaceae family or Cactus
    • Growing Red dragon fruit or pitaya. Bali, Indonesia.
    • Dragon fruit in garden or Red dragon fruit on plant at Binh Thuan, Vietnam. Aerial view of dragon fruit garden.
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • slices of dried red dragon fruit against rustic white painted wood
    • Pitahaya or dragon fruit
    • Healthy red dragon fruit against white background
    • Fresh juicy red dragon fruit closeup
    • Assortment of exotic tropical fruits. Passionfruit, dragonfruit, mango, pineapple, kiwi, grapes and coconut. Fresh food background. Healthy eating, ve
    • red dragon fruit on white table
    • red dragon fruit with half slice on the shopping board with knife
    • Red Dragon fruit and Orange Smoothie
    • Red smoothie in coconut bowl with dragon fruit, avocado, almond flakes, coconut chips and chia seeds for breakfast , close up. The concept of healthy
    • Plantation of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis) in Indonesia
    • Red Dragon fruit or Pitaya growing on a fruit farm, Sepang, Malaysia. Dragon fruit are a plant in the Cactaceae or Cactus family
    • half red dragon fruit closeup
    • Pile of dragon fruit, mamey sapote and guava for sale
    • Slices of fresh juicy red dragon fruit in a stainless steel plate
    • Red Dragon Fruit or Red Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus)
    • bright juicy tropical red dragon fruit. Dragon fruit or Pitaya is the plant in Cactaceae family or Cactus
    • Growing Red dragon fruit or pitaya. Bali, Indonesia.
    • Dragon fruit in garden or Red dragon fruit on plant at Binh Thuan, Vietnam. Aerial view of dragon fruit garden.
    • Red Dragon Fruit
    • Whole, half, and pieces of red Dragon fruit on a white plate next to a swimming pool

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