I was in the interior plantscaping trade for years. I maintained 100’s of Pothos and I put 100’s of them in offices and homes. Saying they’re the quintessential file cabinet plant or that I got tired of them is an understatement. I’ve been away from mass quantities of them for a while now and some new varieties have come on the market so my heart has softened towards them once again. Here are 5 things to love about Pothos.
This is the ultimate easy care, low light tolerant houseplant to come down the pike.
This is “Glacier” – one of the newer varieties. The leaves are a bit smaller than the other Pothos.
#1: Easy Care. Pothos, whose name is Epipremum (or Scindapsus) aurem in the botanic world, do just fine in lower to medium light. The lower the light, the less variegation &/or color your plant will have. If you’re heavy handed with the watering can, then you’d better change your ways. This plant needs water every 7 to 10 days, less or more depending on the temperatures, & will rot out in no time if you overdo it.
As I say in our houseplant care book Keep Your Houseplants Alive, back off with the liquid love. As far as insects go, mealybug seemed to be public enemy #1 in my experience. A good spraying off in the sink will knock off those white fuzzy critters & get them under control if the infestation is not too bad.
#2 Low Light Tolerant & Durable. As I said above, Pothos are 1 plant that can tolerate low light conditions. They’ll revert to solid green & won’t grow too much but they will live. Medium light is their sweet spot. These plants seemed to be oblivious to the recycled air & lack of circulation in offices. I remember 1000’s of them hanging down from floor after floor of rectangular planters in the atrium areas of the Hyatt Hotels. For a plant with a soft leaf, Pothos are tough.
A good-sized 6″ Golden Pothos – the old standby.
#3 Versatility. You can hang Pothos to enjoy their long stems trailing down or place them on a table, shelf or file cabinet. They are commonly found in dish gardens mixing & mingling with other plants. If you’re near a nursery which offers houseplants a bit out of the ordinary, you can find them growing over hoops or climbing up a piece of bark.
#4 Easy To Propagate. Pothos are so easy to propagate that you’ll be giving plants to your friends in no time. Simply cut off a piece of the stem anywhere from 6″ to 12″ long, strip off the lower leaves & place it in water. Make sure you have node it the water & freshen the water every week. That’s it!
The chartreusey Pothos “Neon”. The 1 on the ground is growing on a double hoop. I’m crazy for this color!
#5 Air Purification. Pothos are 1 of the plants that are champions at cleaning the air. That’s right, while they’re sitting there looking pretty, Pothos are actually removing toxins from the air around them. They take in the bad & release the good. How kind Pothos are to us!
For the full scoop on how to successfully grow this beautiful trailing houseplant, check out these detailed Pothos care & growing tips.
You can see a Pothos growing in the front of this mixed garden. That basket was packed full & very heavy!
In their natural environments, Pothos climb up the tall trees and their stems can reach 60′ tall. Wow! The leaves get to be 2′ and are deeply divided. I’m sure you’ve seen one in someone’s home or in a restaurant where the 10′ stems are very leggy and all the foliage is at the very tips. Not a look I’m fond of!
The fact is that Pothos, aka Devil’s Ivy, will grow and trail much faster in medium light but you can buy them with lots of trails already on them if that’s what you want. They’re so easy to care for and tolerant of lower to medium light situations making them one of the “go to” houseplants. One of my friends has had a Pothos for over 20 years now – now that’s longevity!
Pothos are rockstars that they’re included in this 2 posts: 10 Easy Care Houseplants for Low Light & 15 Easy to Grow Houseplants in it for the Long Haul.
Be sure to check out our houseplant care book – you’ll find it very useful: Keep Your Houseplants Alive
- Poor Pothos Leaf Growth: Reasons For Stunted Leaves On Pothos
- Pothos Leaf Growth
- Information On Caring For Pothos Plants
- Caring for Pothos Plants
- Are Pothos Plants Poisonous?
- Caring for a Pothos Vine
- How to Prune a Pothos Vine
- Why Pothos Are Popular House Plants
- Why Is My Pothos Not Growing?
- 6 Ways to Grow Your Pothos House Plants Faster
- How To Get Pothos Cuttings To Grow Fast
- Last Word
- How to Grow Pothos Plants in Water I
- Growing Plants in Water
- How to Grow Pothos in Water
- How to Care for a Golden Pothos
- Use these instructions to care for a Golden Pothos indoor plant. This guide will tell you how to water your Pothos; its light, temperature, and humidity preferences; and any additional care it might need to help it grow.
- Epipremnum Aureum
- Pothos Plant Overview
- Types of Pothos Plants
- Pothos Plant Care Tips
Poor Pothos Leaf Growth: Reasons For Stunted Leaves On Pothos
Office workers and others who want a plant in low and artificial light situations can’t do better than to purchase a Pothos plant. These tropical plants are native to the Solomon Islands and part of the understory forest. Also called Devil’s Ivy, problems with Pothos plants are rare but occasionally include distorted leaf growth. Stunted leaves on Pothos may be related to nutrient deficiencies, low light, or insect infestations. It is important to investigate all possible situations to correct the problem and get this easy-to-grow plant back to health.
Pothos Leaf Growth
The Pothos plant is a notoriously hardy specimen that can thrive even when neglected. Like all plants, however, it requires regular water, sun or artificial light, proper nutrition and air circulation. Stunted Pothos plants can be suffering from a host of issues, both cultural or pest derived. The most common causes are fairly easy to fix and even a novice gardener can save the plant.
Pothos plants have heart-shaped, glossy green or variegated, waxy leaves. Young Pothos leaf growth is slightly different than mature leaves. These juvenile leaves are smooth and several inches long. Mature leaves can get up to 3 feet in length and develop into oval or heart shapes, often with holes at the midrib.
Most indoor plants do not achieve leaves of that size, but leaves still develop similarly. Foliar problems with Pothos plants are indicated by stunted leaf growth, poor color and are often wilted. Overall health may be affected and the plant will fail to produce new growth. Adequate light and fertilizer will usually enhance foliar production.
Pothos Problems with Water
Too little water is a common cause of stunted Pothos plants. These tropical plants require filtered light, high humidity and grow best in temperatures of 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit (21 to 32 C.). All plant growth is diminished in temperatures above or below those listed.
Let plants dry out only in the top two inches of soil before irrigating. If the plant dries out to the roots, growth will retard and the overall health of the plant will suffer, which can trigger disease and pest outbreaks.
Excess watering is also common in the list of Pothos problems but does not cause stunting. Instead, you are more likely to end up with root rot. It is important to water heavily and allow water to leach through the soil to prevent buildup of fertilizer, which can diminish plant health. Fertilize only during the growing season and just every other month with a diluted formula.
Insects and Stunted Leaves on Pothos
You might not consider insect pests a culprit, but their feeding activity can cause malformed leaves and leaf drop. Mealybugs and scale are the most common insect Pothos problems.
Mealybugs look like small balls of cotton while scale are dark colored bumps on stems and leaves. Their feeding activity reduces plant sap and redirects nutrients from leaves. In high infestations, the leaves will become distorted and stunted.
Use a cotton swab dipped in alcohol to kill the pests. This may seem tedious but if you check the plant weekly, you will likely only find a couple of the insects, making the plant easier to treat. In high infestations, take the plant outdoors or to the bathtub and rinse off the mealybugs. Use a horticultural oil spray to completely kill all the invaders.
Information On Caring For Pothos Plants
The pothos plant is considered by many to be a great way to get started caring for houseplants. Because pothos care in easy and undemanding, this lovely plant is an easy way to add some green in your home.
Caring for Pothos Plants
Basic pothos care is very easy. These plants enjoy a wide range of environments. They do well in bright indirect light as well as low light and can be grown in dry soil or in vases of water. They will thrive in nutrient rich soil, but do almost as well in nutrient poor soil.
Pothos plants make a great addition to you bathroom or office because they can tolerate low light. While pothos likes a wide variety of light conditions, they do not do well in direct sunlight.
If your pothos is highly variegated — particularly variegated with white — they may either not grow as well in low light or may lose their variegation if the light is too low. Only the green parts of the leaves can make energy for the plant, so it must be able to get enough light for energy or its growth will slow or the leaves will compensate for the lack of light by becoming more green.
Pothos is very popular due to the fact that it can be grown in water or in dry soil. Cuttings can be taken from a mother plant and rooted in water and kept in water as a houseplant. This is convenient for placing a pothos plant in hard to reach areas in a jug of water where they can remain untouched as long as water remains in the jug. On the opposite end, pothos can also be started in soil and will tolerate moderate periods of dry soil with little effect to the plant. Oddly enough, cuttings started in one growing medium have a hard time switching to the other. So, a pothos plant started in soil has a hard time thriving if moved to water and a pothos cutting started in water will not do very well in soil, especially if it has spent a long period of time growing in water.
You can fertilize your pothos plant about once every three months and this will help the plant grow more quickly, but most people find that their plants grow quick enough even with being fertilized.
Are Pothos Plants Poisonous?
While pothos plants are an easy to care for houseplant, you do need to be aware that they are poisonous. Though rarely fatal, the plant can cause irritation and vomiting if ingested due to the fact that it contains calcium oxalates. Even the sap from the plant may cause highly sensitive people to break out in a rash. It is considered toxic to cats, dogs and children, but as mentioned, it normally will make them very sick but will not kill them.
Caring for a Pothos Vine
March 16, 20101 found this helpful Best Answer
‘Marble Queen’ – A white-variegated variety that grows very slowly.
‘Golden’ – Leaves and stems have a yellow hue.
‘Tricolor’ – mottled with or yellow, cream and pale green. Harder to find.
Pothos are very easy care plants. Your biggest chore will be keeping the vines from taking over.
Soil: Pothos prefer a slightly acidic soil, but any well-draining potting mix will suffice.
Water: Pothos like to have their soil dry out completely between waterings. If left continually in damp soil, the roots will rot. Let the plant tell you when to water. When it starts to droop, it needs a good drink. Don’t wait until the leaves start to shrivel or you will lose some leaves. Unlike the general rule of watering deeply and infrequently, I have found my pothos grow best if I give them a splash of water whenever they start to droop.
Fertilize: Pothos aren’t heavy feeders, but since there are no nutrients in most potting soils, feed monthly to bi-monthly, with any balanced houseplant fertilizer.
Pruning: is not required, but can be done to shape or control the size of your plant. Cut back to a leaf that is about 2″ from the base of the plant, to keep new growth coming in.
Re-Potting: Eventually your pothos will become pot bound. When the leaves droop no matter how much or often you water them, the roots have probably filled the pot. Carefully lift the plant and check if that is the problem. When the plant has reached this stage, you can repot in a pot 1 or 2 sizes larger, with fresh soil. It helps to trim the plant back at this time also. If you don’t want a larger plant, you can try dividing the plant or simply takes some cuttings and start over. Good luck.
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How to Prune a Pothos Vine
How I love the Pothos plant with its feminine heart-shaped leaves! They’re similar to Philodendrons in looks, but they’re from different families.
Pothos is Scindapsus. I’ve never heard anyone use that word. Here’s a picture of a happy little Pothos I took this morning at Superior Mortgage:
One reason I like this plant so much is that it requires no real light. Look where this plant is – in the copy hallway. There are no windows and it’s doing just fine. So if you are looking for a plant for a dark corner of your house or apartment, Pothos is your plant!
Once you get a Pothos started, you’ll see that it can be a voracious grower. People will come up to me and tell me about they have one that goes around the top of the living room, or down the banister.
That’s ok, but that’s not ideal. If you’re one of those people, look at the vine. Are there big stretches where there are no leaves or only crunchy brown leaves? Like this for example (or worse – this one’s not that bad):
Aesthetically, that’s weak. But the plant doesn’t like it healthwise either. Especially if it only has one or two stems coming out of the pot. Plants want to be full and healthy, not spindly and anemic-looking.
The solution? You’re not going to like it. You have to do some pruning.
Yup, you have to break out the scissors and trim your Pothos back. Not all the stems, just pick a few to start, until you feel more comfortable.
Pruning is the same thing for plants as it is for humans getting their hair cut. It’s necessary, or else your hair would be dragging on the floor and you’d always have bits of pizza stuck in it. As a houseplant owner, it’s your responsibility to keep the plant the size and shape that’s proportional to your home.
Er, I preach that to you, as I clearly have not done for this plant at the mortgage company. Let’s take another look to remind us of my hypocrisy before we go on:
Sometimes before I cut a plant’s stem or branch, I get a little worried that I’m hurting it. So I whisper softly, “Hold your breath little one, this will make you feel soooo much better.” Then I make the cut. In the case of this vine above, the trick is to make the cut close to the soil. Every time you cut a stem, you’ll get shoots popping out the side, usually two or three to replace the one you just cut. So if you cut by the soil, the plant will have a vigorous base. Here’s where I cut this one:
Sorry, that’s kinda hard to see. I’m still getting used to my new camera. I’ll show you some closer images in a minute. First here’s how the planter looks now:
In the weeks that follow, I’ll take pictures of the cut stem and show you exactly what happens to it. That way, when you try it at home, you won’t be scared.
Don’t throw away the vine you just cut. I’m going to show you exactly how to make it grow roots and start you a whole new plant for free!
If you’d like your Pothos (Epipremnum Aureum) to grow quickly and be as impressive as those you’ve seen in magazines and online, you might need a little help. Thankfully, you’ve come to the right place because I’ve got some great tips for you. This article will explain how to grow Pothos faster and ensure your plant is vibrant and healthy.
How do you grow Pothos faster? There are 6 ways you can speed up the growth of your Pothos:
- Use a nutritional growing medium.
- Provide sufficient bright, indirect sunlight.
- Keep room temperature between 70°F – 90°F.
- Don’t overwater – only water when the soil has dried out.
- Feed the plant with a balanced fertilizer every 2-3 months.
- Keep pests at bay.
Simply do the above 6 things right, and your Pothos can grow into an attractive focal point in your home. Below we discuss why Pothos make popular house plants and take a closer look at each of the 6 ways to grow a Pothos plant faster.
Why Pothos Are Popular House Plants
Pothos are popular for their hardiness and durability and many people also like them due to their air cleaning characteristics (although the evidence for this is poor). These plants require minimal care and very rarely fall victim to disease.
Pothos house plants can be grown from cuttings, which means that you can use your one Pothos plant to grow several more. Also, they can be grown in either a soil medium or just in water.
For many, the Pothos is a number one choice because it is so easy to grow and very affordable too. With a variety of foliage patterns and colors to choose from, there’s a Pothos plant out there for everyone’s taste and preferences.
Why Is My Pothos Not Growing?
Sometimes you might feel that you are doing everything right, but your Pothos just is not growing as fast you had hoped it would. You might be wondering why your Pothos has stopped growing.
Stunted growth is a common problem with Pothos that aren’t happy in their living environment or how they are being treated. There are a number of reasons why your Pothos might not be growing fast (or at all). Below are a few reasons why your house plant might not be doing too well. I
- You are providing too much or too little water. Overwatering results in root rot while underwatering results in dehydration and shriveling up.
- Your home’s temperature is either above or below 50°F and 90°F. Pothos don’t like being too cold or too hot.
- The soil has a build up of fertilizer in it.
- The potting soil lacks nutrients.
- The plant is exposed to too much sunlight or not enough sunlight. A shady spot or dark room is fine for a Pothos, as long as it gets some exposure to bright light.
Pothos Plant – Source: Proflowers
6 Ways to Grow Your Pothos House Plants Faster
Fast growth is often desired by those looking for a house plant to truly add decorative appeal and interest to the home. How you treat the plant will determine how quickly it grows and how impressive the plant will be. Read on to learn 6 ways to boost Pothos growth:
Use A Nutritional Growing Medium From The Start
How you start off with your new house plant is important. When you first get the plant, it will probably arrive young and in a smallish pot. As the plant grows, it will need to be repotted.
It is interesting to note that while Pothos can be grown in jars of water, their roots react negatively when they are potted in soil and overwatered. Water grown Pothos will grow, but not quite as quickly as Pothos that are grown in soil.
For the fastest growth, choose a standard, well-draining potting soil. Pothos enjoy a soil pH of 6.1 to 6.5 but they won’t have too much of an adverse reaction if the soil pH is a little outside this range.
When you plant your Pothos, take the time to choose a pot that has sufficient drainage. Healthy soil with a high nutritive value that drains well will boost the growth of any houseplant, not just Devil’s Ivy.
Provide Sufficient Bright, Indirect Sunlight
Devil’s Ivy needs a careful balance of light. While they need bright light, they cannot withstand direct sunlight for too long as the leaves tend to burn easily.
The best option is to place the plant in a position near a window where it can enjoy bright light, but not directly. If you place the plant in a dark room or dark corner, the leaves will lose their variegation and the plant’s growth and health will suffer.
If the leaves start to turn pale, it could be an indication of receiving too much sunlight.
Keep Room Temperature Between 70°F And 90°F
Devil’s Ivy is native to the Solomon Islands and so it makes sense that it enjoys high humidity and temperatures that range between 70°F and 90°F. Make sure that the room where your house plant is situated is within this temperature range.
In these temperatures, they will flourish and grow quicker. The plant can withstand temperatures as low as 55°F, but anything below that and you will find your houseplant suffers stunted growth and leaves that start turning black.
Don’t Overwater – Only Water When The Soil Has Dried Out
Pothos plants require just the right amount of water. Planning a watering schedule can help you to avoid over or underwatering your house plant. Too much water can result in limp, wilted leaves. The leaves may even change to a yellow color.
These changes happen because the plant is prone to root rot when left to sit in waterlogged soil. One thing you can do to minimize the potential for root rot is to let the plant drain after watering and then empty the saucer beneath the pot.
Too little water can also have an adverse effect. It can result in the leaves curling and then becoming limp. The leaves may also drop off.
This particular plant likes the soil to dry out between watering. The roots can remain moist, but should not be allowed to be soaked between watering schedules. When the top 2 inches of soil have become dry, you can think about watering the plant again.
Feed The Plant With A Balanced Fertilizer Every 2-3 Months
Your Pothos plant can do just fine without being fertilized, especially if it has been potted in decent soil. However, fertilizing your Pothos every 2-3 months during the growing season will optimize growth rates and ensure your plant develops and matures as quickly as possible.
A balanced, water soluble houseplant fertilizer is ideal. I’ve had really good results with this fertilizer that I use for my indoor plants. The quality is excellent and it’s easy to use. It won’t make your plants double in size overnight, but it does what its meant to very well.
If you aren’t sure if your soil needs fertilizer, you can test it. Most gardening stores sell home soil testing kits which can uncover exactly what nutrients are in the soil or lacking.
Most plants require 16 nutrients to flourish and grow. The primary nutrients required are potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus. The secondary and micro nutrients needed are boron, cobalt, iron, zinc, molybdenum, copper, calcium, magnesium, and Sulphur. Most decent fertilizers will contain all of these elements.
Something interesting to know is that inorganic fertilizers provide an instant nutrient boost to soil which will spur on Pothos growth almost immediately. On the flip side, organic fertilizers may take longer to boost plant growth, but they ensure a healthier growing medium over the long term.
Of course, regardless of which fertilizer you choose, you will need to read the packaging information on the fertilizer and ensure that you use the correct amount for the pot size that your plant is living in.
Grow Pothos Faster By Keeping Pests At Bay
Just like any house plant, a Pothos that is attacked by pests can suffer stunted growth or damage to the delicate system of its leaves. Don’t get overly worried about insects though -pest infestation is rare with these particular house plants.
Bugs don’t often target Pothos, but those that sometimes do include the likes of caterpillars, scales, thrips, mites, and mealybugs.
If your plant seems to have contracted a few bugs and insects, you need to act quickly. You can remove each bug by wiping down the plant with a weak solution of rubbing alcohol and water.
You can also use an insecticide to rid a plant of bugs, insects and eggs. To make an environmentally friendly insecticide, mix 1 teaspoon of regular dishwashing liquid soap into a liter of water. Either wipe the plant down with this solution or use a spray bottle to apply it to the entire plant. Read my article on getting rid of houseplant bugs naturally for more information.
How To Get Pothos Cuttings To Grow Fast
If you want to propagate your own Pothos and get them growing fast, the process is fairly simple. Simply cut off stems of the plant to get your cuttings. Doing this will also encourage the main plant to become bushier or fuller. Follow these steps to grow your own Pothos cuttings fast:
- Cut pieces of stem between 6 and 12 inches long.
- Remove some of the leaves at the lower end of the stem. If you don’t, they will merely get in the way.
- Place the cuttings in a jar of water or a vase. You need to ensure that the last 2 or 3 nodes in the stem are completely submerged in water.
- Keep a close eye on the stems, making sure that you keep the bottom 3 nodes covered in water. Keep an eye out for new roots pushing through into the water. You can keep refreshing the water every 7 days or so.
- Keep doing this for at least 30 days after the first roots have appeared. After 30 days, your plant will have greater nutritional needs. Now is the time to transfer the cuttings to a soil medium. Plant the Pothos cuttings directly into pots and keep the soil lightly watered.
There are some house plant enthusiasts who have followed a similar growing technique, but have placed the fresh cuttings straight into light potting soil instead of jars of water. Some believe that the nutrients in the soil make the plant stronger and encourage faster growth from the start.
The main way to grow Pothos faster is to provide it with the best growing conditions possible. By removing any restrictions to its growth, your Pothos can grow to its full potential.
If you want to learn more about growing amazing indoor plants, stick around, as this site is full of useful information to help you keep your plants in top condition. See my most recent articles here.
How to Grow Pothos Plants in Water I
The vast majority of people grow their Pothos plants in soil but this doesn’t have to be your choice. It is possible to plant these gorgeous plants in water with a bit of liquid fertilizer added to provide nutrients to your Pothos plant.
While there is nothing wrong about growing your Pothos plants in soil, keep in mind that this can be very messy. Also, if you choose soil you need to maintain a proper watering regime. If you fail to do so you can kill your plant. This is why growing you Pothos in water can be very beneficial.
The good news is that you don’t really need any expensive or elaborate equipment to grow your Pothos in water. There are no expensive pumps, special fertilizers or containers. In fact, you can grow your Pohos plants in a vase or a jar and using tap water.
One great advantage to growing plants in water is that you don’t have to worry about watering or having to remember to water your plant. Since they grow in the water they will receive water directly, without your input. This is great thing for those who prefer a worry-free gardening and don’t want to constantly worry about taking care of their Pothos plants.
Another advantage to growing your Pothos plants in water is that it’s less messy. Dealing with soil can be very messy and water is a great way to avoid that.
Growing Plants in Water
It is important to know that most plants don’t really need soil to grow and thrive. What they take from soil is water and nutrients. As long as you can provide that in other ways, you don’t really need soil.
Pothos plants are very easy to grow from cuttings that are placed in water. They will grow like that even in a simple jar or a vase, as long as you also provide them with some nutrients and sufficient amount of sunlight. Keep in mind that Pothos plants are hardy and can survive in many different conditions. It is important to remember that almost any container will do, as long as it can hold water.
Basic things you need for growing Pothos plants in water:
- A container (a jar, vase or another glass container).
- Tap water (unless it’s too chlorinated).
- Liquid fertilizer to provide nutrients.
How to Grow Pothos in Water
Here are the main things to keep in mind if you want to grow Pothos plants in water:
Take your chosen container and clean it thoroughly. This can be any sort of a vase, jar or another glass container. If you don’t have any in your home you can buy them very cheaply in various stores. The container can be colored or clear (transparent). Both options are very effective. Just keep in mind that clear containers will need to be cleaned more often than colored ones. Clear containers are excellent breeding ground for algae so if you want to avoid that, opt for a colored vase that will block out the light and prevent the growth of algae.
The next step is to add water. One great thing about growing Pothos plants in water is that they can thrive even in tap water. However, these plants don’t do well in water that is overly chlorinated, so this is something to keep in mind. Since most tap water is well-chlorinated you need to let it sit for a few days (or one day at least) in an open container. This will make the chlorine evaporate and the water will be safe to use for your Pothos plants. Once the water is ready, pour it to your chosen vase or a jar.
Next, add some fertilizer. This is a very important step because it is the only way for your Pothos plant to get all the nutrients it needs to thrive. A good choice of a fertilizer is a liquid fertilizer because it goes straight into the water. However, you may choose any type of a liquid fertilizer and it will be fine for your Pothos plants. Most people use Miracle-Gro and it is great but you may opt for a different type of a liquid fertilizer if you like.
Just add a few drops of fertilizer to the water. The exact dosage should be determined based on the instructions on the fertilizer’s box. It will depend on the size of your container and the amount of water you use for your plant.
Finally, add your Pothos plants to the container. You need to use cuttings. You can obtain them by taking cuttings from your existing Pothos plants or you may ask a friend who grows Pothos to give you cuttings. Another option is to simply purchase a Pothos plant in a garden center or a nursery.
To take cuttings, simply select a section on a stem, typically on the end of a vine. Cut enough off a stem so that the remaining cutting has at least 3 nodes. These are points where leaves and roots grow. It is alright to get some with a bit more than 3 nodes but don’t go overboard: cuttings can only support a limited amount of leaves before it develops new roots so keep this in mind when making Pothos cuttings.
When taking cuttings, make sure to remove a leaf or two from the end of each cutting. At the same time, make sure not to remove leaves on the end where new growth is occurring.
Once the cuttings are ready, place them in the container. Make sure that the cut ends are well-covered with water. You need to wait a few days before you see new roots starting to form on the cuttings. These roots will grow stronger in time and will be able to support all the new growth of your plant. This is the best way to grow your Pothos plants in water.
Photo credit: Amarand Agasi Pothos Drop via photopin (license)
How to Care for a Golden Pothos
Use these instructions to care for a Golden Pothos indoor plant. This guide will tell you how to water your Pothos; its light, temperature, and humidity preferences; and any additional care it might need to help it grow.
Your Golden Pothos tolerates low light, but grows well in medium and higher light areas too! The variegation will be more pronounced in higher light. They do not do well in direct sunlight since the sun will burn the foliage.
Water your Pothos enough to keep the soil moist, but not wet or saturated. It’s best to water when the top inch of the soil is dry. Don’t worry if you forget—it will occasionally tolerate a missed watering! Look out for yellow leaves, they are a symptom of too much water.
This plant will do well in low humidity environments, but will thrive with a bit more humidity. Brown leaf tips may indicate the air is too dry.
Your Golden Pothos prefers average to warm temperatures, 65-85 degrees.
The Golden Pothos is such an easy indoor plant, and you don’t need to worry about fertilizing this one a lot. Feed it every 6 months with a general purpose indoor plant fertilizer.
Trim out any dead, discolored, damaged, or diseased leaves and stems as they occur. Use clean, sharp scissors to avoid tearing or bruising the stems. Snip stems just above a leaf node; new growth will emerge from this cut and trimming close to the node will also prevent an ugly stub at the site.
Pothos is mildly toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation and possible vomiting.
This plant is a native of Australia, Indonesia, China, Japan and India. Despite its already wide natural range, it has been imported to locations all over the globe. Although it does wonderfully as a house plant, growing it outdoors is illegal in some states, as it has been declared an invasive species.
Among the common names for Epipremnum aureum are Golden Pothos, Devil’s Ivy, Money Plant, Silver Vine, and many others. When growing in the wild, this plant attaches itself to other items through aerial roots. It then sends shoots of stems down until it reaches the soil beneath it, where the stems themselves take root and begin to grow across the ground. In the wild, this plant will grow up to 66 feet tall.
How it looks: The beauty of this plant is in its leaves. Each arrow shaped leaf will alternate location with the leaves around it. These leaves will grow up to 39 inches long (100 cm) and 18 inches across (45 cm). Even on juvenile plants, the leaves appear exactly the same as they do on mature plants, only as smaller versions of themselves. This makes this plant beautiful at any age.
The tops of the leaves appear as a blotched marbled yellow and green combination, with each leaf being unique from the others on the vine. You may pinch off the leaves at the stems in order to shape the plant and control where it grows.
Flowering: Although this plant does occasionally bloom in the wild, cases of blooms when grown indoors are extremely rare. The beauty of this plant is in the leaves, not in the flowers it creates. In the event that your indoor plant begins flowering, you may nip the flowers off below the bud when they are discovered. The flowers are nothing but a waste of energy to this plant.
Poisonous: Every part of this plant is poisonous to domestic animals and pets of all kinds, as well as to humans. Avoid having this plant in your home if you have pets or small children.
Epipremnum aureum is a trailing, leafy vine that can reach lengths of up to 40 feet in tropical jungles. Its genus name is derived from the Greek words epi (meaning upon) and premnon (meaning a trunk) in reference to its growing on tree trunks.
Indoors, the pothos plant usually confines itself to about six to 10 feet. Its leaves are bright and waxy with a noteworthy pointed heart shape, and are often green or variegated in white, yellow, or pale green. It is rare for them to flower or produce berries, especially indoors, but certain varietals can have tiny, petal-less white flowers that feature small berries.
Also called devil’s ivy, pothos can be grown in hanging baskets or as a potted plant on a desk. They are excellent at helping to purify the air and tolerant of fluorescent light, making them a popular choice for office environments. These plants can also help cleanse the air when grown in your home or office, as well.
Pothos Plant Overview
Most of us, or at least those of us without a green thumb, prefer sturdy house plants that require minimal attention. Well, we’re in luck. The pothos plant is attractive as well as notoriously hardy, earning a reputation as the easiest houseplant to grow. While they are native to the understory forest in the Solomon Islands, pothos are able to adapt to a wide range of growing conditions outside of their natural tropical habitat.
Not only can a pothos plant enliven your space with color and texture, pothos rank highly on the list of plants that help purify the air. Additionally, they increase humidity and replace carbon dioxide with oxygen.
Types of Pothos Plants
While you may find hybrids, there are only really two cultivars of Epipremnum aureum grown as houseplants. The most popular is aureum or golden pothos and marble queen is the second cultivar. Read on to learn more about a few of the most common pothos hybrids.
As you may guess by its name, the leaves of golden pothos are variegated in golden-yellow. It is also referred to as devil’s ivy, centipede tongavine, or Solomon Islands’ Ivy. Golden pothos is native to the Solomon Islands and some parts of southeast Asia. Since pothos that grow in low light conditions tend to not feature the yellow variegation, you may wish to provide your golden pothos with one or two hours of moderate sunlight.
Marble queen is the most popular cultivar, and very slow-growing. It is highly variegated with foliage that tends to be more white than green. Since marble queen is harder to care for than golden pothos, it is less popular. However, its slow growth makes it perfect if you have limited space.
This cultivar is characterized by dark green leaves variegated with creamy gold. Green jade is a green version of marble queen, and also known as green queen.
Pothos Plant Care Tips
Even though pothos are ridiculously easy to care for, we’ll give you a few tips to keep your plant healthy and happy. Like all plants, it requires light, water, and proper air circulation to grow.
Light: While pothos do well in a variety of light conditions and can even tolerate low light, moderate indoor light is ideal. Outdoors they can be grown in shade to partial shade. Wherever you decide to display your pothos, just be sure to avoid direct sunlight. A highly variegated pothos may lose its variegation when placed in low-light conditions. Since only the green parts of the leaves can make energy, the leaves will compensate for the lack of light by turning more green. Pale leaves that turn yellowish in color could indicate that your plant is getting too much light.
Water: Keep soil moist, but be careful not to overwater. Easier said than done, right? Pothos do best when their soil is allowed to dry out between waterings. To achieve this watering technique allow only the top two inches to dry being sure that the roots are still moist. If the leaves are wilting or turning brown, you should water the plant more often. If the leaves are yellow, you may be watering it too much. Excessive watering may cause root rot.
Do not allow your pothos to stand in water, unless it is a cutting started in water. Pothos can grow in water as well as soil, but they have a hard time switching from one growing medium to the other. A pothos plant started in soil will thrive best if continued to grow in soil, and vice versa.
Temperatures: Pothos can tolerate moderate temperatures ranging from 55 – 85℉, however they are tropical plants and so prefer high humidity and temperatures of 70 – 90℉.
Toxicity: Though rarely fatal, ingesting pothos can cause vomiting and irritation in pets and children due to the fact that it contains calcium oxalates. Pet owners should take extra caution when choosing greeney. You can find more information and details of toxicity in plants by taking a look at our guide to poisonous plants.
Pests and Problems: The most common causes of problems with pothos are easy to fix, making it a great option for the first-time gardener. This houseplant has no serious insect or disease problems, although you might find mealybugs and scale making a home out of your greenery. You can use a cotton ball dipped in alcohol to kill the pests. Checking the plant weekly can prevent high infestations. Even then, you can simply rinse off the mealybugs or treat with a horticultural oil spray.
Pothos plants can be an excellent addition to your home or office. It has minimal requirements, and its ability to help you breathe happier yet another advantage. Tough and versatile, pothos can grow horizontally across a mantelpiece, climb up a trellis, or trail from a hanging basket. Either way, it adds beauty, color, and benefits any environment.