- Starting Gerbera Daisy Seeds
- Gerbera Daisies Care
- Planting Your Gerbera Daisies
- Tips For Successful Gerbera Daisy Care Outdoors
- How To Grow Gerbera Daisies As Houseplants
- Establish A Consistent, Nurturing Environment
- Do Gerebera daisies need full sun?
- Essential Care for Gerbera Daisies
- Gerbera Daisies: What You Need to Know
- Consider your climate
- Keep them inside
- Water correctly
- Fertilize, fertilize, fertilize
- Gerbera Jamesonii (African / Transvaal Daisy)
- Gerbera Step by Step Care Guide
- Gerbera Problems
- Community Comments
- Gerbera Jamesonii
- Gerbera jamesonii
Starting Gerbera Daisy Seeds
Step 2 – Prepare a Germinator Frame
Gerbera seeds require warmth from indirect sunlight and from the soil to germinate successfully. A germination frame can be constructed from a series of flat peat pots on top of a container with a 40w electric light inside. The frame needs to have a clear plastic cover.
Step 3 – Soil Mix
An ideal soil mix will be well drained but moist. A 50/50 mix of peat and perlite or fully decomposed garden compost will do the job.
Step 4 – Planting the Seeds
Make small holes in the soil surface and drop a seed in each hole pointed end down. One or two seeds to each pot will suffice. Do not cover the seeds. They need light to germinate successfully.
Step 5 – Water Thoroughly
Water the newly planted seeds thoroughly and keep them moist.
Step 6 – Cover the Germinator with the Clear Plastic Cover
The cover does not need to fit exactly, but it should protect the seeds from drafts that will dry out the air surrounding them. It is important that the seeds have a warm and moist environment to grow in.
Step 7 – Provide Lots of Light
Put the germinator on a sunny ledge or under a bright light source for 12 hours a day. Switch on the light bulb inside the container over night to keep the soil warm.
Step 8 – 14 Days Later
All being well your seeds should germinate in about two weeks. Since they are virtually on the surface of the soil, you will be able to spot the germination very quickly. If there is nothing growing after 30 days the chances are that the seeds were not viable and you should start again.
Step 9 – Transplanting
The seedlings need to be 4 to 5 inches tall before they are suitable for transplanting. Pinching out one or two leaves at this stage will encourage the seedling to spread out. Plant the seedlings into individual pots with stones or gravel in the bottom for drainage and remember to keep the soil moist at all times. If you are transplanting into a flower bed, the soil needs to be well drained and you should water them every other day adding a liquid fertilizer or digging some well decomposed garden compost around the plants.
The worst disease that can infect a Gerbera is the Gerbera rot. It will first make the leafs turn fallow green to greyish brown. Then the stem base and the roots will start to rot as well. Gerbera rot is caused by low temperatures, too moist soil, too much fertiliser or an acidic soil. If a Gerbera is infected the only solution is to dispose of it.
Another disease that often infects Gerberas is grey mould. It is caused by the plants standing too close to each other, getting too little fresh air, the substrate being to moist or the room temperature being too instable. Treat it by plugging of the infected leafs and then spraying the plant with a fungicide to protect it from further infections. Also the keeping conditions should be adjusted so that the grey mould can’t reappear.
There are about 40 breeds and multiple hundred kinds of Gerberas known. The plants are provided in different, wonderful colour combinations. For example there is the Granderea Red which’s powerful shades of red truly shine in a pot.
Also beautiful is the Garnivea Sunny with its yellow, shining bloom. The different varieties of this wonderful plant can be bought all year long.
Sorts – Distinction by size of the bloom
The big amount of different Gerberas is usually distinguished by the size of its blooms. By now there are mini Gerberas as well as standard Gerberas and giant Gerberas. A mini Gerbera usually identifies a bloom diameter of up to eight centimetres.
Standard Gerberas include all Gerberas with a bloom diameter up to 13 centimetres. The giant Gerberas, which are counted as specialties, measure in some cases up to 15 centimetres in diameter.
The Gerbera Daisy (a.k.a. Transvaal daisy, Gerber daisy, African daisy or Barberton daisy – Gerbera jamesonii) from the Asteraceae family are popular indoor and outdoor South African floral plants.
The genus was named Gerbera by Dutchman Jan Frederic Gronovius in 1737 in honor of the German medical doctor Traugott Gerber.
“Gerbera Flowers” bring cheer to any setting with their bright and colorful Daisy-like flowers. These attractive plants come in a wide variety of colors including white, yellow, orange, red and salmon.
Blooms vary in size, ranging from two inches to five inches across. For even greater variety, there are single, double and multiple petal versions of all colors.
Just as the Gerbera bloom varies in flower shape and size and their color, they also vary in ease of care.
Gerbera care on more compact types is generally easier to cultivate than caring for taller, more rangy types. Why? Because shorter and more compact plants have stronger flower stems.
Additionally, when growing red gerbera daisy in pots the more compact plants are a bit more versatile in that they do well both indoors as container plants and outdoors in flowerbeds or containers.
Gerbera Daisies Care
It is inexpensive and easy to buy Gerbera seedlings at your local nursery, but it is even less expensive to buy seeds and cultivate your own. Alternately, you can grow the Gerbera plant by division.
If you decide you want to start your own Gerbera Daisies from seed, be advised that you may end up with surprise daisies.
Seed is not always accurately labeled. Additionally, you cannot save the seed from one season to the next.
You must purchase it, take it right home and plant it immediately. It will lose its viability very quickly after you open the package.
It’s quite a bit easier to grow these daisies from divided plants or from seedlings than from seed.
When you do this, you can be absolutely certain of the type of daisy you are getting. Additionally, it’s quite simple to lift and divide the crowns of older plants in springtime.
When you do this, you not only know what type of plant you’re getting, you also have some idea of the past performance of the plant.
Is The Gerbera Daisy An Annual or Perennial?
We often get this question on gerberas – “Are Gerbera Daisies Annuals or Perennials?” The answer to that question is – it depends!
If you live in USDA hardiness zones 8 – 11 the gerbera is considered a perennial and you can expect the plant to rebloom every year.
If your home is located in a colder region the gerbera is grown as an annual.
Planting Your Gerbera Daisies
These colorful daisies enjoy a sandy well-drained soil and full exposure to the sun. When planting your seedlings or divided plants, be sure to add some compost to boost growth and encourage flowering.
If you are planting from seed, use a propagation mix that provides good drainage. Place your gerbera flower seed in pots in a bright, but indirect light.
Because these hearty little spots of color do hail from South Africa, they are used to hot dry weather. For this reason, they fall prey easily to fungal diseases.
Interestingly, some of the older varieties are less susceptible to this problem. With either older or newer varieties, proper planting and judicious watering are very important to prevent crown rot.
Fungicidal sprays are generally not effective.
When planting from divided plants, be sure to avoid crown rot. This is a common problem that is caused by planting the divided plants too close together and/or too deeply and watering too much.
Plant only as deeply as the original soil level, leave plenty of airspace on all sides and above and mulch lightly and in such a way that the mulch does not obscure the crown.
Related Reading: Learn about Bellis perennis (English daisy)
Tips For Successful Gerbera Daisy Care Outdoors
Watering – Water only in the morning because this will give the plants leaves a chance to dry in the light of day. This greatly reduces problems with fungal diseases and rot.
Deeply watering with a soaker hose or a hose with a light trickle once weekly is advised. In this way, you can avoid getting leaves damp at all.
Lighting – Areas with full direct sunlight to partial shade are best for growing and caring for these precious plants.
Fertilizer – Provide your Gerbera Daisies with a high-quality micronutrient-rich liquid plant fertilizer. Fish emulsion and seaweed are both well advised.
Pests – Protect your plants from leaf miners and caterpillars. Spraying with organic pesticide solutions such as neem spray insecticide oils or pyrethrum is how to get rid of the caterpillars.
Disease – The fungal disease powdery mildew can coat leaves, petioles and the Gerbera flower heads, with a white felty or powdery coating. Keep plants well-spaced; provide air circulation.
How To Grow Gerbera Daisies As Houseplants
Planting in pots or containers is advised if you live in an area that has heavy soil or that is very humid.
There are many advantages to container gardening. It gives you the option of controlling all elements of the environment surrounding your plants.
The vigorous, colorful and long-lasting blooms produced by Gerbera Daisies make these plants a showy and decorative choice indoors.
In addition to having very attractive blooms, the lush foliage of these South African plants is also quite attractive.
While growing Gerbera Daisies outdoors is really very simple, growing them inside can be quite a challenge.
Many people receive these cheery plants as potted gifts. They are often considered a temporary sort of plant to be enjoyed briefly and tossed aside, but this doesn’t have to be the case.
If you are able to provide them with the proper growing conditions, you can keep your Gerbera Daisy lively and beautiful for several years.
You may also like the Montauk Daisy
Establish A Consistent, Nurturing Environment
The key to providing the proper environment for indoor Gerbera is getting the temperature and the lighting just right. Areas with full to partial sun are best for growing and caring for these precious plants.
The temperature should be moderate and consistent, and light should be bright but not direct.
1. LIGHT: If you place your Gerber Daisies in a sunny window, it may become too hot and the leaves may be scorched. On the other hand, if you don’t provide enough light you will have a nice leafy plant but no blooms.
The best kind of lighting for indoor Gerbera is morning sunlight with indirect light in the afternoon.
If keeping your Gerbera in indirect lighting throughout the day, you must be sure that this light is ample. Use overhead lights and/or lamps to supplement natural light.
Providing ample lighting is especially important during the winter months. A moderate, slightly cool temperature is preferred, and you should protect your indoor Gerbera against temperatures over 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
2. HYDRATION: Water judiciously just as you would with outdoor daisies. Poke your finger into the soil. If it feels dry through the first inch of soil, water deeply.
Allow thorough drainage before putting the pot back into its drip tray or saucer. Never allow your Gerbera Daisy to stand in water as this will cause root rot.
Just as with outdoor Gerbera’s, take care to keep the leaves dry. Don’t water too much in the winter, and always keep an eye on the soil.
It should never be soggy, and it should never be bone dry. Ideally, it should stay lightly moist. Water only when the top inch becomes dry.
3. FOOD: Indoor Gerbera does best with a fertilizer formulated for blooming plants. Follow package instructions for the size of your containers.
Fertilize as directed in the spring and summer. In the fall and winter stop fertilizing.
4. TRIMMING: How to deadhead Gerbera daisies. When your plant is blooming, watch the blooms carefully and deadhead as soon as they start to wilt.
This will help stimulate more blooms and also keep your plant tidy and compact. Whenever there is dead foliage, be sure to remove or cut it promptly to keep the plant clean.
5. REPOTTING: If your Gerbera is doing very well, it will multiply and need to be divided. When it begins to look crowded, you can feel safe repotting it in any season.
It can be quite challenging to cultivate Gerbera Daisies, but the large cheerful blooms make all your effort worthwhile.
They bring delightful color to your yard in the spring and summer and can brighten your home all year round.
When you become proficient in their cultivation, you can enjoy sharing with your friends and relations. A potted Gerbera Daisy flower is the perfect gift for any occasion!
Do Gerebera daisies need full sun?
Oh dear, so much that needs to be discussed, I hope I remember it all! One of the first things I learned as a newbie gardener is that this whole spring thing is a bit misleading…well, more specifically if you want to establish a perennial garden, the best time to do so is the fall. Why? First and foremost it allows the roots, bulbs etc that you are throwing in to establish and they come up right as rain and strong in the spring. And tied to that, you are buying them at a great discount when garden centres want to get rid of the stuff. So there’s my piece of Advice #1 for you – start planning now for the things that you will be wanting to get discounted and plant come fall, knowing that spring 2017 you will rejoice! Advice #2 is that I think you may need to expand the kind of things you are looking to get out of the garden. You listed things as gardengal pointed out that are not likely to flourish in your garden. Dahlias, roses, etc., thrive in the sun. From my best guess, because it sounds like your garden is similar to mine, you will want things that thrive in a woodland environment. This is shade, partial shade, dappled shade, partial sun. These are beautiful in their own right, but don’t necessarily fall into the "pornography of the flower" as I like to say – or their flowers are (often) smaller, different, or come at different times than the ‘cutting flowers’ you may be looking for. You need to consider plants for their foliage texture, colour variation, different timing, etc. Perhaps look at native plants? If your garden is like mine, you may also have a window of opportunity for spring flowering bulbs before the deciduous trees leaf out and shade the place – but again, that bulb planting needs to be done in the fall (start planning now!) Advice #3 – on a budget (aren’t we all?), RUN to your nearest horticultural groups and connect with the gardeners there. NOW is the time to be planning how your April/May/June weekends will be spent running from these groups’ plant sales where you will be getting plants dirt cheap, along with much FREE advice from people who want and need to share this information with you! These will be your new friends, who will be splitting a lot of their own quality stuff from their gardens and won’t be charging you a thing because they know it’s going to a good home. Advice #4 – you might also want to try the Gardenweb forums, which are now a part of Houzz, but have not yet been fully integrated into the Houzz app, etc., for some reason. The gardeners there can provide answers to many plant-specific questions. They are a friendly group, always willing to help, so have some fun poking around there. I hope some of this helps!
Essential Care for Gerbera Daisies
If you wish to grow Gerbera Daisies in your home or garden, you need to know how to make them thrive. The good news is that these plants are not difficult to care for. However, there are some basic things you need to keep in mind. This essential care for Gerbera Daisies will ensure that your plants are happy and ready to produce those bright, colorful flowers.
Gerbera Daisies prefer a slightly acidic soil. Ideally, the pH values of the soil should be between 5.5 and 6.5. Keep in mind that higher values of pH can cause chlorosis of the plant, which will manifest as yellow stripes on the leaves. On the other hand, too low pH is not good either. If the soil has too low pH values black spots or patches will appear on the leaves.
Gerbera Daisies prefer full sun to partial shade. Think about this when deciding on the best spot to place or plant your Gerbera Daisies. Keep in mind that “sun” doesn’t really mean “heat”. These plants can’t tolerate intense heat. This is why it’s best to give them some morning sun in the warmer zones but provide them with shade in the afternoon. However, if you live in a colder climate then full sun during the day may be appropriate. It might be for the best to avoid planting your Gerbera Daisies near stone walls or foundations because these can reflect heat back for the whole duration of the day, which is not best for these plants.
Gerbera Daisies require regular watering but it doesn’t mean you should over-water them. About 1 in. per week is enough. However, this might not be enough during the hot and dry spells, so keep a good eye on your plant. The soil should never be dry for too long before you water it. Also, your Gerbera Daises will need more water while you first get them established, so keep this in mind.
In order to make your Gerbera Daisy thrive, you need to provide it with all the essential nutrients. It means that you need to use a good fertilizer regularly. However, keep in mind that feeding will always depend on the quality of the soil. For example, it is always best to start with rich soil that has a high content of organic matter. This will give your Gerbera Daisies a good start. Since they will be growing a lot throughout the summer, it is important to provide them with a water-soluble fertilizer once per month.
Starting Gerbera Daisies
One thing to keep in mind about Gerbera Daisies is that they can be expensive. They are not often sold as seedlings in packs. The individual plants that are already grown can be very expensive. It might therefore be the best to start your Gerbera Daisies directly from seed. Some varieties are readily available in seed and can easily be grown this way. However, keep in mind that even seeds can be expensive.
If you want to start your Gerbera Daisies from seed, keep in mind that this can be done successfully. However, it is important to remember that these plants tend to develop slowly. This is one of the reasons why they are so expensive. If you wish to start them from seeds, make sure to do it indoors. Do it about 12 to 18 weeks before the anticipated last frost date. Simply sow the seed in paper pots or peat. It is important to go this way because these plants don’t like to have their roots disturbed during transplanting.
You need to provide the seeds with light to germinate. Simply press them on top of the soil mix. Make sure not to cover seeds with more soil. However, you may cover the container with plastic. This will help it retain moisture for the soil and the seeds. It is important to place seeds in a warm place. It needs temperatures of about 70 to 75 degrees F (21-24 degrees Celsius). You should wait for about 2 to 4 weeks for seed to germinate.
After the seeds are germinated and your Gerbera Daisies start to grow, you may start thinking about planting them outside or in a container. If you choose to grow your plants outdoors, keep in mind that you need to do it once the outside temperatures are high enough. It is absolutely crucial to wait after all the danger of frost has passed. Only then it is ok to plant your Gerbera Daisies in the garden.
For planting, it is best to choose a well-draining spot that has a good light exposure. This is essential for basic care and it will make your Gerbera Daisies grow healthy and strong. When planting, make sure that the crown is about ½ inches (1.25 cm) above the soil line. This is extremely important because otherwise you may suffocate your plant and cause other problems.
In case you want to bring your Gerbera Daisies inside in the winter you don’t have to plant them properly in the garden. You can simply leave them in a container and sink the container in the ground. When the time comes to take the plant inside, simply dig up the pot and take your Gerbera Daisies indoors. This is a quick way to move your plants indoors. Not to mention that it can also benefit the plant because you won’t be disturbing its roots.
Keep in mind that your Gerbera Daisies will keep flowering once you bring them indoors. It is best to provide them with winter temperatures of about 45 to 50 degrees F (7-10 degrees Celsius). You also need to give them plenty of full sun. Also, keep in mind not to over-water your Gerbera Daisies during the winter. You should only water once the soil is dry about an inch or two below the surface.
Also, your Gerbera Daisies can spend the winter dormant. This can be achieved if you keep the containers cool. However, you need to make sure that the containers are not freezing. You should water the pots lightly every month and allow them to dry.
Photo credit: jjjj56cp 2100e2x P900 gerbera face via photopin (license)
Gerbera Daisies: What You Need to Know
The big, bright blooms of gerbera daisies make them an easy pick at the garden center. But to keep them happy and healthy back at home, you’ll need a little know-how. Even though it’s usually sold as a houseplant or garden annual, this flowering plant is actually a herbaceous perennial that’s native to South Africa. (Yes, that means you may be able to plant it once and enjoy it year after year! Woohoo!) Make sure your green thumb is ready to take on these daisies with these tips:
Consider your climate
Where you live will ultimately dictate how to care for your gerbera daisy. If you’re in a southern zone, specifically zones 8-11, then you’re going to want to pop these babies into your garden as perennials and care for them as such. (They’ll grow to about a foot tall and another foot wide!) Up north, though, the plants can’t survive the cold winter. If you still want to put them outside, simply grow and care for them like all of your other garden annuals. At the end of the season, you can either let them to die back into the garden or pull them for compost.
Keep them inside
No matter you climate, gerbera daisies are often kept potted and inside. And there’s no shame in that game! They’re simply short-lived houseplants that you enjoy for a few weeks and then you toss them. Place the pot in a sunny window and you should see blooms for about 4-6 weeks. (Be sure to remove any spent flowers to prevent the whole thing from going to seed too soon.)
Like many plants, there’s a delicate balance here between over and under watering. The gerbera daisy is susceptible to crown rot, so if you’re planting it outside don’t go too deep into the soil. Whether outside or inside, always keep the water away from the center of the plant and off the leaves to avoid mildew and rotting.
Fertilize, fertilize, fertilize
If you’re growing gerberas in the landscape, fertilize your plants monthly during the growing season. Similarly, fertilize gerberas in container gardens with your standard fertilizer and on your regular schedule. If your gerbera is potted and grown as a houseplant, fertilizing shouldn’t be an issue since most plants come ready-to-bloom and will be tossed after.
Gerbera Jamesonii (African / Transvaal Daisy)
Gerbera Step by Step Care Guide
These plants must have good bright light if you expect repeat blooming, but direct harsh sunlight can quickly damage your Gerbera, by scorching the leaves and increasing the temperature to very high (and undesirable) levels.
If your intended placement receives full sun for a few hours a day this should be acceptable, although you will have to accustom the Gerbera to it over a few days. If you just plonk it down in such a place expect it to go into shock.
Try to water often in warmer months of the year. In these months you want moist, rather than dry or soaking, soil. Take care to avoid splashing the leaves, like African Violets it’s best to water from the bottom, or around the sides rather than over the leaves, as doing this can encourage various fungal diseases. You’ll need to water a lot less when things are cooler as the plant won’t use or need as much water.
The humidity you find in most homes is more than sufficient. However avoid very humid places such as bathrooms as this can encourage fungus growth on the leaves and flower buds in the heart of the plant..
Feeding is quite important if you plan to keep your Gerbera as a permanent houseplant. Look for a fertiliser which is high in Potassium (or Potash) such as a tomato feed, to encourage repeat flowering, however you can also make do with a general all purpose formula. Feeding once a month following the manufacturers instructions should be plenty.
Cool to average temperatures will keep the plant in bloom for longer and encourage repeat flowering.
Cool to average temperatures should be your aim: 7°C – 18°C / 45°F – 65°F . The flowers will last a lot longer and you’ll increase your chances of repeat blooms in the long run.
Standard commercial potting soil is suitable when you repot. You can do it at anytime of the year and the next container should only be slightly bigger than the last. There is obviously no need to repot if you’re only treating the plant as colorful temporary house guest.
The flowers produce seeds which you can try and germinate in Spring, although they will often not come true, i.e. the new plants won’t look the same as it’s parents.
If you’ve had your plant for a while (or just got lucky when buying it) then you may have a plant which has several crowns. You can divide these using a sharp knife ensuring each crown has some roots. Remove about a third of the mature lower leaves (leave the new small leaves where they are) and pot up into a similar mix to where it was growing previously. They should fully re-establish after a month or so.
Considering the above, it’s still worth pointing out that almost all pot plants are reasonably priced and it’s usually more economical to just nip out and buy yourself a new one if needed.
Doing this will mean you’ll know what you’re getting flower wise and the Gerbera is already fully grown and at a flowering size, where as one grown from seed could take up to a year or more to reach this stage.
Speed of Growth
Green growth is fast when young plants are maturing, but older plants tend to grow a lot slower as they are spending their energy producing new flowers.
Height / Spread
As a houseplant Gerberas rarely grow above 60cm / 24in high and “spread” wise you are looking at no more than 45cm / 18in.
Unlike some flowering houseplants, the leaves of the Gerbera are a little “weed-like” in appearance, so the eye grabbing flowers are of great importance to drawn attention away from the leaves. The large daisy-like blooms rise above the plant on strong stems, typically lasting for several weeks or sometimes longer if temperatures are on the cool side.
The blooms which can be singles or doubles come in many different colours, white, cream, yellow, pink, salmon and red. The flowers can sometimes measure 7 inches or more across. Although when grown as houseplants they tend to be smaller and not normally more than 5 inches across at most.
It’s common for several blooms to appear over a period of weeks with more emerging from the centre of the plant after the first flush is fading, this prolongs the time it’s in flower. Deadhead (remove) the spent blooms on your Gerbera to stop the plant spending time and energy producing seeds, this will keep the plant looking tidy and also encourage it to produce more flower buds.
Are Gerberas Poisonous?
Gerbera plants are safe to have around children and pets as they’re not toxic.
Given ideal conditions you can expect flowers to appear for much of the Summer. If you plan to keep them for the following year, either as a houseplant or a garden plant you will need to “over winter” them in a semi-bright, cool but frost-free place. Keep them barely moist. When Spring comes and the danger of frost has past, you can can ether plant them outdoors or move to a brighter spot in your home.
Gerbera has wilted
In most plants this would be a clear sign of under watering. It could be true here of course, but more often than not, it’s actually caused by shock, i.e. by a sudden shift in climate. If you haven’t been moving your plant around and you’ve been watering correctly then the other possibility is that the temperature has become too high.
In all cases make sure the soil is actually moist, in a cool and non sunny location and then leave the plant alone, within a few days it should have fully recovered.
Gerbera’s can be brought in flower for much of the year, however if you’ve had it a while then it will be following its natural growth cycle. In short, you only normally get flowers in the warmer months of the year.
If it’s Summer and you’re still without blooms, make sure conditions are bright (but not too hot) and be sure to feed!
Almost all diseases effecting the leaves such as powdery mildew or the fungus botrytis, are caused by either careless watering (splashing the leaves) or having your Gerbera in a very humid place. Good watering technique and ventilation is a must to prevent leaf issues. However if you still fall victim you can either remove the infected leaves, or spray with a proprietary fungicide.
Gerbera’s do well resisting most pests, but they can make attractive homes for whitefly. A brush past the leaves releases a cloud of white flying bugs. You can either spray the leaves with a proprietary insecticide spray, or use an insecticide “spike”. You can usually get these from larger garden centers and you basically insert it into the soil like a stick.
About the Author
Over the last 20 years Tom has successfully owned hundreds of houseplants and is always happy to share knowledge and lend his horticulture skills to those in need. He is the main content writer for the Ourhouseplants Team.
Also on Ourhouseplants.com
Credit for the Gerbera with pink flowers – Article / Gallery – Fir0002
comments powered by Disqus
Native to South Africa this species is a perennial in warmer climates but in cooler countries (temperate regions) it’s grown as an annual and flowering pot plant. There are many varieties and hybrids sold that are more compact in growth than the basic type. The basic type has stalks which grow up to 2ft tall that can become quite lanky and unattractive.
The attractive bright colored flowers has made Gebera daisies an excellent bridal bouquet choice. For those that prefer to have them closer to their skin – they are also a popular floral tattoo choice.
Flowering: The Barberton daisy is available in many colors from white through to bright red and different shades as well. The hybrids sold in garden centers produce two or more single stemmed stalks with a single flower sitting at the top. The capitula (flower head) is approximately 3 – 4 inches wide and displays multiple soft petals from a centrepiece of stamens, anthers, and carpels that look outstanding close up.
Grown indoors they can flower at any time of the year and each flower lasts up to about 4 – 6 weeks. Growers deadhead flowers that are spent to encourage new flowers. Once all flowers have died down you are likely to throw your Gerbera away or place it inside the greenhouse for it’s leaves and in the hope the following year it might produce blooms (not likely though).
Foliage: These daises have quite attractive rhomboid (diamond) shaped leaves with jagged or wavy edges. Keep in mind these leaves are papery thin and easily damaged. When leaves become damaged they need to be removed and then the plant can become unattractive.
Level of care: Gerbera jamesonii daises are easy to care for, whether grown indoors or outdoors. They’re tender plants that will not tolerate frost. Indoors they require some sunlight, moist soil and average temperatures, then nature takes care of the rest.
Phonetic Spelling GER-ber-a jay-mess-OWN-ee-eye Description
This showy plant grows as a perennial only in the mild coastal zones and warmer areas of the Piedmont. In the mountains and cooler areas of the Piedmont it can be grown as an annual and brought indoors in the winter. Good mulch like pine needles will help this tender perennial survive colder temperatures
This plant wonderful, long lasting cut flowers. It prefers moist, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. It should be kept moist and fertilized lightly. The crown should be level with the soil; it is subject to leaf spots and root rots. Occasionally deer will damage this plant.
Gerbera daisy only perennializes in the mild coastal climate of zone 8, but in the mountains and Piedmont it can be grown as an annual and brought indoors during the winter; use a non-matting winter mulch, such as pine needles to improve winter survival; wonderful, long lasting cut flowers; tender perennial often grown as an annual; prefers moist, well-drained soil rich in organic matter; keep moist; fertilize lightly; crown should be level with the soil; good cut flower; subject to leaf spots and root rots; this plant is occasionally damaged by deer
Family name Asteraceae (Compositae)
Cultivars / Varieties:
- ‘Mardi Gras’
Tags: #red#white#pink#sun#showy flowers#yellow#annual#summer#orange#perennial#fall interest#fantz