Without fragrance, a garden just isn’t a garden.
It’s the stuff memories are made of, and the faintest hint of scent can conjure up people, places, and times long since gone. It delights our senses, and tugs at our heartstrings.
And what better place to find the scent of love than in a flower?
It’s true that scented flowers don’t bloom for the same length of time that unscented ones do. But perhaps this is by design.
It’s an opportunity for us to better appreciate the fleeting nature of beauty – and so Mother Nature can delight us with the great variety of her creative genius!
Many areas of our great globe can enjoy perfumed gardens year-round. For those of us in temperate regions, the fragrances of early blooming shrubs and flowers are an eagerly awaited reward for surviving another winter.
So, if you’re considering adding some aromatics to your garden this year, here’s a sampling of some favorite scents to delight the senses!
We’ve broken them down into the categories of annuals, perennials, and shrubs – with a focus on plants that are easy to grow and maintain.
And, to get the best value, we’ve included some that provide more than one season of interest.
When making your selections, it’s also important to remember that fragrance fluctuates with temperature, weather, and time of day. And of course, fragrance is highly personal – we all have our own personal peculiarities about what is, and isn’t, pleasing!
- The Nose Knows
- Hardy Jasmine Vines: Choosing Jasmine Plants For Zone 6
- Hardy Jasmine Vines
- Growing Jasmine Plants for Zone 6
- Growing Conditions for Star Jasmine
- Routine Care
- Common Questions and Answers About Star Jasmine/Confederate Jasmine
- Do you cut back Confederate jasmine?
- Does Confederate jasmine bloom all summer?
- Does Confederate jasmine die in winter?
- Does Confederate jasmine need sun?
- Does star jasmine have deep roots?
- Does star jasmine need a trellis?
- How do you fertilize Confederate jasmine?
- How fast does Confederate jasmine grow?
- How often does Confederate jasmine bloom?
- How often should I water Confederate jasmine?
- Is Confederate jasmine evergreen?
- Is Confederate jasmine invasive?
- Is Confederate jasmine poisonous to dogs, cats, or humans?
- Is star jasmine annual or perennial?
- Is star jasmine the same as Confederate jasmine?
- Want to learn more about growing Star Jasmine successfully?
- Confederate Jasmine: A plant for family memories
- Vine or Shrub
- Jasmine Care Must-Knows
- Fine Fragrance
- More Varieties of Jasmine
Datura (Datura), also known as devil’s trumpet, has large, white or purple trumpet-shaped blossoms that point skyward and open at night.
Keep in mind: this plant is not to be confused with its cousin, the downward facing brugmansia, or angel’s trumpet.
Datura is an annual with a spicy scent.
A native variety called jimsonweed, or moonflower, is often seen along roadsides throughout North America.
With an alluring, slightly spicy aroma, datura is a tender perennial in Zones 8-10, but it is most often grown as an annual.
A prolific self-seeder, datura thrives in fertile soil with full sun and consistent watering.
However, care should be taken in growing this “witches’ weed,” as all parts are poisonous to man and beast.
Evening Scented Stock
Evening scented stock (Matthiola longipetala) releases its intoxicating scent in the evening, and it comes in several pretty pastel shades.
Pretty, delicate evening-scented stock emits a spicy-sweet aroma.
A cool weather annual, it prefers temperatures in the 60-80°F range, and can be grown as a winter annual in warm climates.
Plant in containers positioned near windows to enjoy their spicy-sweet cologne wafting in on the evening breeze. And provide it with some shade from intense afternoon sunlight.
There are several other kinds of stock you may also wish to consider including the standard Matthiola incana as well as the Virginia Malcolmia maritima variety.
An annual in temperate zones, heliotrope (Heliotropium) is also grown as a perennial in warmer regions.
The heliotrope’s fragrance is said to be reminiscent of almonds, vanilla, or cherry pie.
Heliotrope displays masses of showy white, mauve, or purple blossoms nestled among thick, bright green leaves with a scent reminiscent of almonds, vanilla, or cherry pie.
Hardy in Zones 9-11, it can be planted in the garden or in containers, and can even be moved indoors over the winter.
And you can find all of the details on growing this cottage garden favorite here.
While many of the modern varieties of petunia (Petunia) have little or no fragrance, several of the old-timers still emit a lovely, spicy fragrance as the day’s heat cools into dusk.
Old-fashioned purple or white vining types, Surfinias, Frills and Spills, Candyfloss, and “Supertunias” like Priscilla and Double Purple are a few that offer charming perfumes.
Older varieties of petunia emit an appealing fragrance.
Petunias enjoy a fertile soil, six hours of sun each day, and regular watering. As the summer progresses, cut back leggy growth a couple of stems at a time to force more blooms.
Terrific in containers, plant plenty on or around the perimeter of your patio to enjoy on warm summer evenings.
As its name suggests, alyssum (Lobularia maritima) is sweetly fragrant.
Alyssum produces a sweet scent from spring until autumn. Photo by Lorna King.
Low-growing, dense mounds produce tiny white, pink, or mauve flowers from spring until autumn. Sow in garden beds and containers, then let it self-seed freely to spread its lovely scent throughout the garden.
A great plant for edging, it’s a knockout when allowed to tumble down rockery walls, softening the look of the stones.
Here’s another cottage garden classic that produces in an array of juicy-colored blossoms, along with a heavenly, spicy-sweet scent.
Sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) also make an excellent cut flower, so plant enough to bring some indoors.
Multicolored sweet pea offer a spicy-sweet scent.
If you’re looking for impressive fragrance, stick with the annual varieties. The everlasting species are classified as perennials, but their fragrance comes in a distant second place to their annual kinfolk.
Soak the seeds overnight, and plant in late fall to overwinter in a cold frame, or in the spring as soon as the ground can be worked.
Let their heads grow in the sun, but keep roots moist and cool.
Pinch shoots on seedlings for stronger stems and more buds, and provide a support such as netting while they grow.
Check out our complete growing guide here.
One of the first of the fragrant bloomers to appear in the garden, daffodils (Narcissus) are an irresistible harbinger of spring.
Available in single colors and combinations of white, yellow, pink, and orange, many varieties are also highly perfumed. Floral notes range from fruity to spicy, and vary in intensity from delicate to robust.
Depending on the variety, daffodils’ fragrance can be fruity or spicy. Photo by Lorna King.
Daffodils also make a good cut flower, so plant plenty! For garden beds and containers, a mixture of early, midseason, and late bloomers will provide a delightfully long season.
They tolerate a range of soil types, and prefer a location that gets full sun to part shade.
And remember to save some bulbs to force indoors, so you can delight in their heady scent over winter.
Daffodils are deer- and rodent-resistant, but are poisonous to pets.
Most varieties are reliably hardy in Zones 3-9.
Read more about growing daffodils with our detailed guide.
Dianthus (Dianthus), or pinks, are charming and reliable growers that may be classified as a hardy annual, biennial, or perennial.
With a delicate, spicy fragrance of cinnamon and cloves, there are several varieties to choose from, including carnations, garden pinks, and sweet Williams.
Dianthus emits a a delicate fragrance of cinnamon and cloves.
Blooms come in shades of white, pink, mauve, yellow, and red with single or double flowers. And long-stemmed varieties also make good cut flowers.
Dianthus thrive in fertile, well-drained soil and will do best with six hours of sunlight each day.
Some varieties have been bred to be seed-free, while others are reliable self-seeders. Deadhead the ones that self-sow to encourage more blooms, but do allow some to reseed – or collect the seed in fall.
Easy to care for, pinks are well suited as a border plant or they may be grown in containers. Hardy in Zones 3-9, dianthus will appreciate some afternoon shade in hot regions.
Read our complete guide to growing these lovely flowers.
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) forms a spreading mass from single rhizomes, and produces springtime spires of delicate, nodding, bell-shaped blooms.
Preferring moist semi-shade, the dark green foliage is the perfect backdrop to showcase the tiny white flowers and their sweet perfume.
Tiny white lily of the valley flowers emit a sweet perfume.
Visual interest is extended into summer by the small red seedpods that follow the flowers.
An ideal ground cover in naturalized areas, plant in the fall as the rhizomes need a period of cool dormancy.
Hardy in Zones 2-9, this is another plant that is poisonous to children and grazing pets.
Get our complete guide to growing lily of the valley.
Oriental lilies (Lilium) are classified as true lilies, and have become one of the most popular flower in florists’ arrangements – and with good reason.
With striking colors and large, upward facing blooms, they have a deep, sensuous, and long-lasting fragrance that remains even when the petals begin to drop. Cut flowers will last in a vase for up to two weeks, and they’re easy to grow in both the garden and containers.
Oriental lillies offer a deep, sensuous, and long-lasting fragrance. Photo by Lorna King.
Choose a selection of early, late, and mid-season varieties for blossoms and fragrance from June through to September.
Provide them with plenty of sunshine and organic soil that is slightly acidic, and top-dress with a heavy mulch in autumn.
Unfortunately, deer regard their shoots and tender buds as a special treat.
If deer are a problem, you may have to protect them by spraying with an organic orange oil, or cover them with a cloche or wire cage until they bloom.
Hardy in Zones 5-9, some varieties have been bred for Zones 3 and 4 as well.
A carefree perennial, peonies (Paeonia) are beloved for their sumptuous flowerheads and sweet perfume.
Native to parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, their longevity and easygoing nature makes them a favorite with gardeners – and many varieties will survive even frigid Zone 2 winters.
Peonies are loved for their showy flower as well as their sweet aroma.
Blossom colors are available in white, yellow, pink, and red and they appear in late spring to early summer.
Single forms are intensely fragrant and don’t require as much staking as the double flower forms, which have a lighter scent but can get quite top heavy.
Peonies aren’t the longest lasting of cut flowers – but bring some into the home anyways!
Robust clumps will form in fertile, well-drained soil with a neutral pH. Give peonies a sunny exposure or part shade. They also enjoy a winter chill to set buds.
Remove spent flowerheads after blooming, but don’t cut back until winter – their foliage puts on a lovely display of autumn colors. Hardy in Zones 3-8.
Read more about growing peonies here.
Andromeda (Pieris japonica) is a hardy evergreen shrub that comes to us from Japan.
In early spring, it develops arching panicles of small white blossoms similar in shape, size, and fragrance to lily of the valley.
Andromeda’s white blossoms are reminiscent of lily of the valley. Photo by Lorna King.
Before the flowers are finished, new growth appears in blazing shades of pink, orange, and red that turn to green by summer.
Ideal as a foundation or specimen plant in garden beds, they also perform admirably in large planters.
If left ungroomed, shrubs can grow to 10 feet, but its shape and size is easily maintained with a winter pruning.
Andromeda prefers slightly acidic soil in a sheltered location out of the wind. Hardy in Zones 6-9, but poisonous to children and pets.
The lilac (Syringa vulgaris) is well-known for its heady perfume and beautiful, exuberant blossoms of white, mauve, purple, and yellow – with the French hybrids being the most renowned for their large blossoms and sweet scent.
They prefer well-drained soil with plenty of sunshine, and will produce more blooms if left unpruned, as blossoms grow on old wood. However, they will benefit from a light grooming right after flowering is finished.
Of the lilacs, the French varieties are among the most fragrant. Photo by Lorna King.
Lilacs flower for only three weeks in late spring, but planting a few different varieties will extend their overall season into early summer.
Hardy in Zones 3-7, lilacs enjoy a period of cold dormancy – although some species have been bred to grow in Zones 8 and 9.
Read more about growing and caring for lilacs.
Flowering quince (Cydonia oblonga) is a reliable cold weather performer, with early blossoms in March and April. Available in shades of white, pink, salmon, orange, and red, these are an important food source for early returning hummingbirds.
Quince emits a fragrance that is delicate and fruity. Photo by Lorna King.
Their fragrance is delicate and fruity, and an old-style quince will produce lemon-yellow fruit that’s good for jelly and marmalade. Most of the newer varieties have been bred to produce neither fruit or thorns.
Reliable in Zones 4-9, cultivars have been developed for Zone 3 as well.
For outstanding value, it’s hard to beat this master of versatility, the viburnum (Viburnum).
With close to 200 species, viburnums come in both evergreen and deciduous forms. Heights vary from ground cover to tall shrubs.
Viburnum’s attractive flowers are also highly fragrant.
Some blossom as early as mid-winter, and many have fragrant flowers that are followed by colorful berries, plus gorgeous fall foliage.
Several species provide three or even four seasons of interest, and viburnum drupes provide needed food and moisture for winter birds.
Try V. carlesii, or Korean spice, a deciduous variety that starts with red buds in spring followed by pink, then white clusters of deliciously fragrant flowers.
These are replaced by dark blue or black drupes by late summer. And in autumn, the foliage is resplendent in shades of copper, red, and burgundy.
Hardy in Zones 2-9, viburnums are a good choice for problem areas as they’re very adaptable to adverse soil and light conditions.
Star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) is an evergreen vine with glossy, oval leaves.
A native to South Asia, its scent is often described as the perfume of love – and when you catch its aroma on the breeze, it will stop you in your tracks!
Small, star-shaped white flowers bloom in early summer, and the leaves give pretty winter color in shades of orange, red, and burgundy.
Star jasmine’s scent is often described as the “perfume of love.” Photo by Lorna King.
Star jasmine needs a sheltered spot with well-drained soil, and a bit of shade from intense afternoon sunlight will help its performance.
Drought tolerant once established, it can’t abide wet feet.
A dazzling, twining climber, it will grow upwards of 25 feet on a brick wall. But it also makes a superb ground cover, spreading out 10 feet with a 2-foot height. Hardy in Zones 8-11.
Azaleas belong to the genus Rhododendron and are native to the temperate regions of North America, Europe, and Asia.
Several of the deciduous azaleas have pastel flowers that are strongly scented, with fragrances ranging from sweet fruitiness to sultry spiciness.
The sweet azalea (R. arborescens) hails from northeastern North America and bears large, funnel-shaped white flowers in early to midsummer, with a scent reminiscent of heliotrope.
Beautiful and fragrant azaleas line a path in Charleston, South Carolina.
Hardy in Zones 5–9, it’s very effective as a border hedge.
For a spicy scent of cinnamon and cloves, try the Western azalea (R. occidentale).
Native to the West Coast of North America, striking trusses of flared pink blossoms appear before the leaves, giving maximum visual impact along with its heady fragrance. And in autumn, the leaves glow in incandescent shades of orange and scarlet.
Azaleas are striking in groups, and many are well-suited to naturalized settings. Most deciduous varieties need excellent air circulation and regular watering to prevent powdery mildew. Hardy in Zones 7-9.
Learn more about how to propagate azaleas here.
A native of China, Japan, Africa, and Oceania, the gardenia (Gardenia) is prized for its delightful, waxy, white, and long-blooming flowers with their sweetly tropical aroma.
Gardenia flowers are prized for their tropical aroma.
An evergreen with thick, dark green, glossy leaves, gardenias bloom from midspring to midsummer, preferring bright but indirect light and high humidity. Blossoms are followed by clusters of flame-orange berries.
To best enjoy their fragrance, use them in plantings for privacy screens or hedges close to walkways and paths. Hardy in Zones 8-10.
Honeysuckle (Lonicera) are twining vines and shrubs native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
Honeysuckle is popular with those who enjoy fragrant plants, and their tubular flowers are sweetly scented
With close to 200 species in existence, most are deciduous with only a few being evergreen.
Highly popular with those who enjoy fragrant plants, their tubular flowers are sweetly scented and produce a sweet, honeylike nectar – a favorite of hummingbirds.
Colors range from creamy white, yellow, and orange to pink, and red, and elongated fruits in shades of red, blue, and black follow the blossoms – with many varieties being edible for birds and wildlife.
Honeysuckle prefers full sun and are adaptable to a variety of soil types. Provide a support for the twining varieties to climb on, and prune in winter to control their size. Hardy in Zones 4-9.
Read more about growing and propagating honeysuckle.
The Nose Knows
While fragrant flowers might not last as long as unscented ones, it would be hard to imagine a garden without them – like the sky without brilliant, but brief, sunsets.
And Mother Nature does indeed provide us with an abundance of scented blossoms to choose from!
Sweet William, also known as pink carnation, makes for a fragrant vase filler.
From annuals and perennials to shrubs and vines, with a bit of planning, you can enjoy their perfume in almost every month of the year.
Remember to choose what works for your hardiness zone, provide them with the growing conditions they need, and overlap their bloom times so you’ll never be without a touch of scent.
Any favorite flowering fragrances you’d like to mention? Let us know your ideas in the comments bellow!
Photos by Lorna King, © Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for
more details. Uncredited photos: .
About Lorna Kring
A writer, artist, and entrepreneur, Lorna is also a long-time gardener who got hooked on organic and natural gardening methods at an early age. These days, her vegetable garden is smaller to make room for decorative landscapes filled with color, fragrance, art, and hidden treasures. Cultivating and designing the ideal garden spot is one of her favorite activities – especially for gathering with family and friends for good times and good food (straight from the garden, of course)!
Hardy Jasmine Vines: Choosing Jasmine Plants For Zone 6
When you think of jasmine plants, you probably think of a tropical setting filled with the fragrance of common jasmine’s white blooms. You don’t have to live in the tropics to enjoy jasmine, though. With a little extra care in winter, even common jasmine can be grown in zone 6. However, winter jasmine is the more often grown jasmine variety for zone 6. Continue reading to learn more about growing jasmine in zone 6.
Hardy Jasmine Vines
Unfortunately, in zone 6, there are not too many choices of jasmine you can grow outdoors year round. Therefore, many of us in cooler climates often grow the tropical jasmines in containers that can be moved inside in cold weather or outside on warm sunny days. As annuals or houseplants, you can grow any variety of jasmine vines in zone 6.
If you are looking for a zone 6 jasmine plant to grow outside year round, winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) is your best bet.
Growing Jasmine Plants for Zone 6
Hardy in zones 6-9, winter jasmine has yellow flowers that are not as fragrant as other jasmines. However, these flowers bloom in January, February and March. While they may get nipped by frost, the plant just sends out its next set of blooms.
When grown up a trellis, this hardy jasmine vine can quickly reach a 15 feet height. Oftentimes, winter jasmine is grown as a sprawling shrub or groundcover. Not too particular about soil conditions, winter jasmine is an excellent choice as a full sun to part shade groundcover for slopes or areas where it can trail over stone walls.
A zone 6 gardener who enjoys a challenge or trying new things, can also try growing common jasmine, Jasminum officinale, in their garden year round. Reportedly hardy in zones 7-10, the internet is full of garden forums where zone 6 gardeners share advice on how they have successfully grown common jasmine year round in zone 6 gardens.
Most of these tips indicate that if grown in a sheltered location and given a nice heap of mulch over the root zone through winter, common jasmine usually survives zone 6 winters.
Common jasmine has extremely fragrant, white to light pink flowers. It prefers full sun to part shade and is also not too particular about soil conditions. As a hardy jasmine vine, it will quickly reach a height of 7-10 feet.
If you do try to grow common jasmine in zone 6, select a location where it will not be exposed to cold winter winds. Also, apply a heap of at least 4 inches of mulch around the root zone in late fall.
By Julie Christensen
Looking for a fast growing, low-maintenance plant for your southern garden? The star jasmine might be just the thing. Also known as confederate jasmine, star jasmine is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 7B through 10.
Actually, star jasmine is not really jasmine at all, but belongs to the Trachelospermum genus. It’s a bit slow to start, but grows vigorously after the first year. Star jasmine has small, glossy green leaves that are evergreen in warm climates. The fragrant white flowers appear in April through June, depending on your climate.
Star jasmine is a versatile plant. It has a twining habit and becomes a strong vine when tied to a support — it can even make an attractive living fence. Grow it on a front porch or allow it to twine up trees. Use it to cover an eyesore, such as an old shed or fence, or let it tumble down walls and terraces. It will not attach to masonry without additional support.
Star jasmine also grows well as a ground cover. Simply pinch it back to control its growth. Treated this way, the plant will remain 12 to 18 inches high. Alternatively, you can grow it as a houseplant or even in hanging outdoor baskets.
Growing Conditions for Star Jasmine
Star jasmine does best in full sun, although it tolerates partial shade, especially in hot, dry weather. Give houseplants filtered sun, such as behind a curtain, during bright summer months. In the winter, move star jasmine to a bright, sunny window.
Star jasmine isn’t picky about soil. It grows in sand, clay or loam and tolerates both alkaline and acidic soils. It grows best in moderately moist soils, though, so it’s a good idea to dig a little compost or leaf mold into the soil prior to planting. Space the plants 4 feet apart. Keep the soil moist throughout the first growing season as the roots become established. After planting, add two inches of mulch to conserve moisture in dry conditions. Once established, star jasmine tolerates some drought.
Fertilize star jasmine in spring as new growth emerges with an all-purpose fertilizer. Follow package directions carefully. Star jasmine generally won’t need additional fertilizer, unless the plant has light green or yellow leaves, which indicates a nutrient deficiency. Avoid over-fertilizing star jasmine, which will result in vigorous leafy growth with few blooms. Another common cause of limited blooming is a lack of sunlight. If plants don’t bloom after the first year, consider moving them to a sunnier location.
Star jasmine can become invasive, especially in warm, moist conditions. Cut vines back to 18 inches after flowering to control its growth. Prune star jasmine grown as a groundcover throughout the year as it becomes unruly. Pinch back houseplants as needed to control growth.
Star jasmine suffers few disease or pest problems. Small, scale-like growths may look like a disease, but are actually scale, tiny insects that form in colonies on many plants. These insects pierce the stems and leaves to suck out the juices of the plant. In small numbers, they won’t cause harm, but large colonies can stunt or even kill star jasmine. Additionally, scale secretes honeydew, a sticky, clear substance which in turn attracts sooty mold, a black or grey fungus. Treat scale with an insecticidal soap or insecticidal oil when new growth emerges. Plant star jasmine so air circulates freely and thin the plants when they become crowded to prevent fungal diseases. Rabbits and deer sometimes feed on star jasmine, although the plant’s fast growth helps it recover quickly from damage caused by animals.
Almost any variety of star jasmine will thrive, but ‘Madison’ is a hardy plant recommended for zones 7 and 8. For fall foliage, plant ‘Japonicum.’ The white-veined leaves turn bronze in the fall. Another one worth trying is ‘Variegatum.’ This hardy plant has green leaves edged with red.
Common Questions and Answers About Star Jasmine/Confederate Jasmine
by Erin Marissa Russell
Do you cut back Confederate jasmine?
Confederate jasmine grows so quickly that it needs pruning to manage its size and keep it where you want it. Use clean, sterilized tools and perform your pruning right after the jasmine has flowered and blooms have faded. (Clean and sterilize your tools after cutting any diseased areas before you continue pruning.) To encourage the Confederate jasmine to grow fuller and more compact, you can cut it back to just beyond where it was pruned the year before. Otherwise, cut any branches that are broken, damaged, dead, or appear diseased. Remove branches that cross others, cause congestion, or grow outward. Pruning helps keep the plant healthy by allowing air circulation and sunlight to reach the interior foliage.
Does Confederate jasmine bloom all summer?
Confederate jasmine begins to bloom in May and continues blooming through June.
Does Confederate jasmine die in winter?
Confederate jasmine can withstand temperatures down to 10 degrees Fahrenheit without dying. Once temperatures drop below 32 degrees, you may notice the color of your Confederate jasmine’s foliage change from green to a bronze hue. Once temperatures reach 10 degrees, the leaves will begin to drop off the plant. If the weather does not warm up and temperatures stay at or below 10 degrees, your Confederate jasmine will die back to the woody parts of the stems. Exceptionally harsh winters or sustained low temperatures can cause Confederate jasmine to die down to the roots.
In the event of a particularly cold spell, you can provide some protection for your Confederate jasmine by watering it deeply and covering it with a layer of mulch four or five inches deep. Should your Confederate jasmine be damaged by the cold, after things have warmed up a little, prune to remove any broken or damaged stems to keep vermin or disease from using the damaged areas as an easy access point. If the jasmine has been damaged by the cold all the way down to the ground, you may need to cut it back all the way to ground level, then cover the roots with mulch and wait until spring to find out whether new growth sprouts (which means that the roots lived). Once new growth appears, provide the Confederate jasmine with a balanced fertilizer.
Does Confederate jasmine need sun?
Confederate jasmine has a bit of flexibility when it comes to the plant’s sun needs. It does very well in full sun but can also grow successfully in part sun or partial shade. The more sun a Confederate jasmine is provided, the more bountiful its flowers will be.
Does star jasmine have deep roots?
The root system of star jasmine plants proliferates with runners, so wherever the plant touches the ground, it puts down roots. These roots create a network that grows deep and covers the entire area where the plant grows. It’s the Confederate jasmine’s root system that is responsible for its tendency to spread, which is what makes it invasive.
Does star jasmine need a trellis?
You can grow star jasmine without a trellis as a ground cover, or you can train it to grow up a trellis or other support. Make sure your trellis is located somewhere that gets between full sun and partial shade so the star jasmine will thrive. The soil should drain well and be rich, including organic material. Plant the star jasmine a few inches from the trellis. Shrub varieties of jasmine are not naturally climbing plants, so you’ll need to cut some strips of soft cloth, which you’ll use to tie the jasmine to the trellis and train it to climb. As the star jasmine grows, weave its long, trailing branches through the holes in the trellis, wrapping the stems of the plant around the slats of the trellis in the same direction that they naturally bend. Tie the jasmine loosely to the trellis with the cloth; do not pull the fabric tight or cinch it when you tie the knot. Continue tying the branches to the trellis as the jasmine grows. If your star jasmine is not a shrub variety but a true vine, you’ll just need to wrap the vines around the trellis without tying to secure them.
How do you fertilize Confederate jasmine?
If your soil provides enough nutrition for your Confederate jasmine, you won’t need to provide it with additional fertilizer. You’ll know the plant is running low on nutrients if the leaves begin fading to yellow. Don’t fertilize a Confederate jasmine that’s a new addition to your garden or has been transplanted, however. Allow the jasmine to become well established, and provide fertilizer in the spring, when the plant begins to put out new growth. Feed Confederate jasmine with a 12-4-6 fertilizer blend at a dosage of one and a half pounds per 100 square feet of yard space. Apply the fertilizer evenly throughout your yard, avoiding the immediate vicinity of the jasmine plant. Leave at least three inches of space between your Confederate jasmine plant and the fertilizer you’re putting down. When you’re done applying fertilizer, water deeply to help incorporate it into the soil. Give newly established Confederate jasmine plants a smaller dose of one tablespoon of fertilizer per plant.
How fast does Confederate jasmine grow?
Confederate jasmine plants can grow at a rate of three to six feet each year. However, your Confederate jasmine plant will spend its first year of growth developing its underground root system, without visibly developing much above ground. It will increase production of above-ground foliage in its second year and, by its third year of growth, will be producing the typical three to six feet per year.
How often does Confederate jasmine bloom?
Confederate jasmine blooms each year, beginning its flowering season in May and continuing through June.
How often should I water Confederate jasmine?
Confederate jasmine growing in containers will need to be watered at a different rate than Confederate jasmine planted directly in the ground. Although Confederate jasmine is drought resistant and can tolerate a dry climate, providing it with regular water will help the plant to flourish. Give Confederate jasmine planted directly in the soil a deep watering when the top one to two inches of soil are dry. Water until the soil is wet to five or six inches deep. You can test the moisture level of the soil by sticking your finger into the soil near your jasmine plant. If dirt clings to your skin, it’s still moist. Confederate jasmine growing in containers will need to be watered more frequently. Hydrate potted Confederate jasmine when the top layer of the soil has dried out, and keep watering until the moisture drips from the container’s drainage holes.
Is Confederate jasmine evergreen?
The leaves of the Confederate jasmine vine are evergreen. However, the plant’s foliage may begin to turn bronze instead of green when temperatures drop to freezing (32 degrees Fahrenheit) or below. At 10 degrees Fahrenheit or colder, the leaves will start to drop from Confederate jasmine plants.
Is Confederate jasmine invasive?
Confederate jasmine is not listed on the USDA’s list of introduced, invasive, and noxious plants. However, it has a tendency to spread heartily that leads some gardeners to call it invasive. Confederate jasmine’s tendency to spread is due to its deep root system, which uses long runners to bring the plant nutrients and claim new territory.
Is Confederate jasmine poisonous to dogs, cats, or humans?
No parts of the Confederate jasmine plant are poisonous to humans or pets.
Is star jasmine annual or perennial?
Star jasmine is a perennial plant, which means it returns the next spring or persists over the winter. You can get more information in our article Annuals vs. Perennials: What Is the Difference?
Is star jasmine the same as Confederate jasmine?
Confederate jasmine and star jasmine are names for the same plant; both names refer to the plant whose botanical name is Trachelospermum jasminoides.
Want to learn more about growing Star Jasmine successfully?
Visit the following links:
Costa Farms covers Confederate Jasmine
eHow covers Growth Rate for Confederate Jasmine Vine
Clemson Cooperative Extension covers Jasmine
SFGate Homeguides covers Confederate Jasmine Care
SFGate Homeguides covers Trimming Jasmine Shrubs
SFGate Homeguides covers Difference Between Carolina and Confederate Jasmine
SFGate Homeguides covers When to Fertilize Conferderate Jasmine
SFGate Homeguides covers Flowering Season For a Star Jasmine
SFGate Homeguides covers Growing Jasmine in the Shade
SFGate Homeguides covers Does Jasmine Attract Wasps?
SFGate Homeguides covers Minimum Temperature for Star Jasmine
SFGate Homeguides covers Is Jasmine Annual or Perennial?
SFGate Homeguides covers Star Jasmine Root Growth
Lisa’s Landscape and Design covers Confederate Jasmine
Joy Us Garden covers How to Care for Star Jasmine
Plant Jasmine to Scent Up Garden Evenings, from Oregon State University Extension
Star Jasmine (Trachelospermum Jasminoides) from Central Texas Gardener
When she’s not writing about gardening, food and canning, Julie Christensen enjoys spending time in her gardens, which includes perennials, vegetables and fruit trees. She’s written hundreds of gardening articles for the Gardening Channel, Garden Guides and San Francisco Gate, as well as several e-books.
Confederate Jasmine: A plant for family memories
The old saying, “to grow it is to know it,” certainly holds true for me at my new home. For several weeks now I have found myself under the spell of the smell of the confederate jasmine, known as star jasmine in other regions.
I’ll admit I have longed considered the tropical night blooming jasmine, Cestrum nocturnum to be the ultimate in fragrance but now I am wavering as I am experiencing this old fashioned southern plant. I say southern; though it is really from China, it’s been here long enough to reach heirloom status.
Botanically speaking the confederate jasmine is Trachelospermum jasminoides. It is closely related to the ground cover Asian jasmine T. asiaticum, a plant often considered a scourge in the plant world, because of its aggressive nature. This isn’t to say the confederate jasmine isn’t packed with its own vigor.
The confederate jasmine has pretty much remained a staple of warm zones 8-11 but the variety Madison, a 2007 Georgia Gold Medal Winner, has the gardening world abuzz. This one, thanks to leaves that are finely hairy on the undersides offers cold hardiness through zone 7 and with reports suggesting a little extra protection will see it surviving in zone 6.
In addition to the intensely fragrant star-shaped blossoms, the vine, which by the way was discovered in Madison, Ga., also offers a unique bronze fall leaf color.
Your vine will perform best given at least 6 hours of sunlight a day and fertile well-drained soil. You do not want it sitting in winter-soggy clay. The next obvious consideration is to provide a good structure for support. The vine does not climb by itself but is easily trained.
As you contemplate this plant, keep in mind it has the ability to help lower utility bills. Trained correctly it can reduce absorption of heat along brick walls.
Obviously though, this is a plant in which memories can be made as your children or grandchildren will always think back to the glorious warm days as school was ending and fragrance permeated the air around their home. With that in mind, front or back porch columns, lattice fences, patio pergolas and arbors where guests are entertained are all great locations for consideration.
The vine blooms on old wood and after blooming is the ideal time to prune. In fact after the bloom you’ll notice the vine putting on vigorous new growth so pruning will help keep it confined to its allotted space. Keep in mind it can reach 20 to 40 feet with ease. Watch your fertilizer, not much is needed, and refrain from being too luxuriant with water.
In addition to providing a great vertical element in the landscape and enticing fragrance, you will find it to be environmentally friendly from the standpoint there are no pest or disease pressures.
Talk to your nursery’s staff about Madison and other varieties of this incredibly fragrant vine.
Few plants are as well-known for their intoxicating fragrance as jasmine. The small, numerous blossoms are often intense enough to fill a room and enjoyed from yards away. There are many species and styles of jasmine available. Whether a vine or a shrub, jasmine makes a great plant to gift and a great fragrant addition to any garden setting.
Vine or Shrub
The biggest difference between jasmine varieties is their growth habit. The most well-known types are vines—especially Jasminum polyanthum. This jasmine makes a great gift in late winter or early spring and can usually be found in florist shops and trained on a trellis. Even though jasmine is usually found as a small plant in full bloom, the plant can grow quite vigorously and be invasive. Many vining jasmines can root wherever a stem piece touches the ground, which allows them to create dense mats of foliage.
Shrubby jasmines are less aggressive than vines but require more maintenance. Jasminum sambac is one of the main varieties. While this species of jasmine is generally marketed as a shrub, it can actually be trained as woody vine as well because of its loose, sprawling habit. Keep up with regular pruning on shrub types to prevent them from getting too gangly.
See how to compose a garden of different colors.
Jasmine Care Must-Knows
Despite vigorous growth habits, jasmine plants are easy to grow in a garden setting. Many of the vining types will happily climb a trellis or lattice in full sun or part shade. The best flowering occurs in full sun, with much sparser blooms in shade. To help maintain plant growth, prune plants after a heavy bloom cycle.
Shrubby varieties of jasmine will need regular pruning to keep plants maintained. Many shrubby types will run or vine if left unchecked. Pruning should be done after the major bloom cycle, but the plant can also be lightly pruned throughout the year.
Plan a fragrant garden with jasmine. The fragrance from jasmine blooms is one of the most sought-after smells, in products including expensive perfumes or flavored teas. Jasminum sambac and grandiflorum are most commonly used in the fragrance industry. The flowers of these jasmines are generally picked early in the morning before the buds have fully opened, so they still have maximum fragrance. They’ll then be further processed. For tea, thousands of jasmine blossoms are layered between alternating layers of tea leaves at night (jasmine will have its peak scent at this time). After 4 hours, the tea will absorb the scent to flavor the tea. In some cases, this process is then repeated several times for a more intense flavor.
See more top fragrant houseplants.
More Varieties of Jasmine
Angel Wing Jasmine
Jasminum nitidum is a great plant for cascading over the edge of a container. Angel wing jasmine has fragrant, pinwheel-shape flowers that are white with bold purple undersides. Zones 10-11
Jasminum mesnyi grows as a climber or a shrub. Primrose jasmine has unscented lemon yellow flowers in winter and spring and sporadically during other times of the year. Zones 8-10
Jasminum sambac is an evergreen vine with fragrant white flowers throughout the year, though they appear heaviest in summer. This is one of the best jasmines to grow indoors. Zones 10-11
Jasminum nudiflorum is the hardiest jasmine. It’s a shrub with yellow flowers in late winter and early spring. Unlike most jasmines, it is not fragrant. Useful as a hedge, it grows 10 feet tall and wide. Zones 6-9
Jasminum officinale is a vigorous woody vine with fragrant white flowers from summer to fall. It can climb 35 feet or more. Zones 9-10
Jasminum polyanthum bears clusters of many white, fragrant flowers in late winter and early spring. It can climb 10 feet or more. Zones 9-10
One would think with a name like ‘Confederate Jasmine’, this is actually a Southern native. But this much loved southern vine is actually a Chinese import and has been popular in Europe and the US alike. Northern gardeners where looking with envy at this beautiful fragrant and evergreen vine. Now, however, gardeners in the northern states can enjoy this gorgeous plant, too, thanks to Madison (Trachelospermum jasminoides ‘Madison’).
This cold-hardy cultivar was the 2007 Georgia Gold Medal winner for ornamental vines. Madison is hardy throughout the U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zone 7. It may survive even in some zone 6 pockets. Madison Confederate jasmine is a fast-growing, twining, evergreen vine reaching 20 to 40 feet at maturity.
It needs help climbing, because it lacks the clinging aerial roots of some other vines. In time, it can cover a lattice screen, canopy or arbor with dense foliage and blooms. Like clockwork each year (late April here near Memphis, TN), creamy-white, phlox-like flowers emerge and overshadow the foliage. The five-pointed, star-shaped flowers are borne on short stalks and in clusters at the leaf axils of the previous season’s growth.
Cannot ship to California or Hawaii, Ships with soil.