- Hardy Bamboo Varieties: Growing Cold Hardy Bamboo Plants
- About Cold Hardy Bamboo Varieties
- Cold Hardy Bamboo Plant Options
- The Best Bamboo For Cold Temperatures
- FULL BAMBOO LIST Price listed is what you pay Free Shipping
- Step 1 Find your bamboo
- Step 2 Cut the rhizomes
- Step 3 Pry the rootball out
- Step 4 Prune and water
- Step 5 Plant the bamboo
- How Many Plants Do I Need?
- How Bamboo Grows
- Bamboo For Screening
- How To Plant Bamboo in Cold Climates
- Outdoor Planting
- Container Growing
Hardy Bamboo Varieties: Growing Cold Hardy Bamboo Plants
When I think of bamboo, I recall the virtual forest of bamboo on a Hawaiian vacation. Obviously, the weather there is consistently mild and, thus, the cold tolerance of bamboo plants is nil. Since most of us don’t live in such a paradise, growing cold hardy bamboo plants is a necessity. What are some cold weather bamboo varieties suitable for the colder USDA zones? Read on to find out.
About Cold Hardy Bamboo Varieties
Bamboo, in general, is a fast-growing evergreen. They are two ilks: Leptomorph and Pachymorph.
- Leptomorph bamboos have monopodial running rhizomes and spread vigorously. They need to be managed and, if not, are known to grow rampantly and willfully.
- Pachymorph refers to those bamboos that have sympodial clumping roots. The genus Fargesia is an example of a pachymorph or clumping variety that is also a cold tolerant bamboo variety.
The hardy bamboo varieties of Fargesia are native understory plants found in the mountains of China under pines and along streams. Until recently, only a couple of species of Fargesia have been available. F. nitida and F. murieliae, both of which flowered and subsequently died within a 5-year period.
Cold Hardy Bamboo Plant Options
Today, there are a number of hardy bamboo varieties in the genus Fargesia that have the highest cold tolerance for bamboo plant cultivars. These cold tolerant bamboos create gorgeous evergreen hedges in shade to partial shaded locations. Fargesia bamboos grow to a height of 8-16 feet tall, depending upon the variety and are all clumping bamboos that do no spread more that 4-6 inches per year. They will grow almost anywhere in the United States, including the southern to southeast climactic zones where it is very hot and humid.
- F. denudate is an example of these cold weather bamboos that has an arching habit and is not only cold tolerant, but tolerates heat and humidity as well. It is suitable to USDA zone 5-9.
- F. robusta (or ‘Pingwu’) is an upright bamboo with a clumping habit and, like the previous bamboo, handles the heat and humidity of the Southeastern United States. ‘Pingwu’ will do well in USDA zones 6-9.
- F. rufa ‘Oprins Selection’ (or Green Panda), is another clumping, cold hardy and heat tolerant bamboo. It grows to 10 feet and is hardy to USDA zones 5-9. This is the bamboo that is the favorite food of the giant panda and will grow well in most any environment.
- A newer varietal, F. scabrida (or Asian Wonder) has narrow leaves with orange culm sheaths and steel-blue stems when young that mature to an olive green. A good selection for USDA zones 5-8.
With these new varieties of cold hardy bamboos, everyone can bring a little piece of paradise into their home garden.
The Best Bamboo For Cold Temperatures
Posted on Sep 18, 2015. 1 comment
Bamboo is one of the world’s fastest growing and most versatile plants. However, if you are considering a sub-tropical variety of bamboo, then it is important that you choose a good, cold hardy bamboo and ensure that you live in a climate zone where your plants will be able to survive and thrive.
Determining Your Climate Zone
One of the surest ways to guarantee that you are in the right area for your chosen variety of bamboo to grow is by determining your climate zone. In general, most varieties of sub-tropical bamboo can grow well anywhere between zones 8 and 10. However, each bamboo variety is different and it is important that you check your bamboo’s preferred growing zones.
Seabreeze Bamboo, also known as Bambusa Malingensis, is often chosen for its cold hardy properties as it is viable down to 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Seabreeze Bamboo is best known for its privacy screening and cold hardy qualities. Thriving in full sun to partial shade, Seabreeze Bamboo is one of the most popular bamboo varieties for privacy screening due to its numerous lateral branches and tall screening height.
Giant Timber Bamboo (Bambusa Oldhamii) is another variety that is popular, both for its cold hardiness and privacy screening characteristics. Giant Timber Bamboo can survive temperatures down to 22 degrees Fahrenheit, and can reach maximum heights of 55 feet tall. Well-known as the famous Timber bamboo that has been used throughout Disney World, this bamboo variety features an attractive deep shade of green and has straight culms that have relatively short branches.
Tropical Blue Bamboo (Bambusa Chungi) is not only a great screening bamboo, but is also an ideal bamboo showpiece. With a maximum height of 30 feet and able to endure temperatures down to 21 degrees Fahrenheit, Tropical Blue Bamboo is most well-known for its wax covered culms that appear to be a beautiful shade of blue, with new shoots having a white powdery appearance. This bamboo is definitely one of the most popular and beautiful bamboos that we have.
Graceful Bamboo (Bambusa Textilis Gracilis) features a delicate appearance and a small footprint, that when combined with this plant’s cold hardiness that can survive down to 15 degrees Fahrenheit, makes it a wonderful addition to a wide variety of landscapes. Graceful Bamboo has a tight, compact appearance that is perfect for smaller spaces, yards and gardens. In addition, it can easily create a 25+ foot screen within just a few short years.
FULL BAMBOO LIST Price listed is what you pay Free Shipping
Most varieties can be field dug to yield very large sizes. They are a great way to get an even faster start on your groves if you live in pick-up distance. Please enquire if interested in extra large sizes. We can also discuss delivery options
YELLOW GROOVE (Phyllostachys Aureosulcata)
One of the most versatile bamboo species. Yellow Groove is perfect for a tall privacy screen as it grows verydense. Under ideal conditions it can reach up to 3″ in diameter and a height of 30′. It is recognizable by the distinctive alternating yellow stripes on the canes. It grows very fast and adapts well to lots of different conditions. YG is one of the most cold hardy varieties (down to about -10degrees climate zone 4+)I sell. For an all around quick growing large bamboo YG is the way to go. More pictures of YG
Most sizes available
click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
Giant Japanese Timber Bamboo (Phyllostachys Bambusoids
Japanese Timber is a very large growing, thick walled, bamboo. It is used in Asia for construction and craft projects. It is not as cold hardy as Nigra Henon but is more cold hardy than Moso. It seems to grow just slightly bigger than Henon, reaching diameters of 5 inches and heights of 50+ feet tall.
Japanese Timber is cold hardy down to about +5 degrees although mine has survived colder if the cold snap was short and without a lot of dry winds. It is a beautiful sturdy bamboo that forms a tall privacy screen. Will produce huge canes in the right climate.
Have a few potted sizes,but lots of field dug/larger sizes available for pickup/delivery
NIGRA HENON (Phyllostachys Nigra ‘Henon’)
Henon is one of the largest cold hardy bamboo varieties. It can grow here in the mountains to heights up to 50′ tall and diameters of nearly 5 inches. Henon canes start out green but over time take on a gray or bluish tint. The wood quality is very good. I have some great pictures of large grove in Cherokee, NC here on the site. Henon is cold hardy down to about negative 5 degrees (climate zone 6+). For a very large bamboo it is my overall favorite. #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
Have just a few ready to ship, lots in the field that can be dug to order though.
DWARF DAVID BISSETT (Phyllostachys Bissetii ‘Dwarf’)
One of the fastest growing smaller screening bamboos available. It can create a very thick grove in a fairly short amount of time. I have a grove of this above a retaining wall in my back yard to screen out the road. You can’t see through it at all. The canes are dark green with dark green leaves. They max out in height at about 12-18ft tall. It is very cold hardy. Down to negative 10 degrees, Climate zone 4+. A great choice for a smaller privacy screen.#2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
Have several ready to ship
Sasa palmatta is a very small bamboo. Mine is maxed out at about 4ft tall, but it does get bigger further south. The striking thing about this species is the gigantic leaves (over a foot long) that give it a tropical look. It is great for planters. I use it on a creek bank for erosion control. Sasa likes full sun or part sun/shady location and spreads quickly. It is fairy cold hardy. Mine gets leaf burn when the temps drop below about 15 degrees but the grove has seen temps of negative 3 degrees without significant damage (climate zone 6+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS Have some #3 and #5 potted sizes. If you want large Palmatta now let me know. I can dig from the grove.
Arrow Bamboo (Pseudosasa Japonica)
Arrow Bamboo is a fairly small variety that grows in the 10-18ft tall range. The canes are slender, strong and very straight (the ridges on each joint are smooth). As a result this bamboo was used by the samurai (and others) for arrow shafts. Japonica has fairly large leaves that cascade downward. It forms a very dense screen if planted in sun. Arrow Bamboo spreads quickly forming an evergreen wall. It isn’t super cold hardy but can survive drops in temperature down to -5 degrees. It is rated for climate zone 6 and up. #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS Almost out will have some later in the summer
Golden Bamboo (Phyllostachys Aurea)
The bamboo variety is sometimes referred to as fish pole bamboo. Its unique feature is the compressed nodes at the base of some of the plants (as shown in the picture). This type starts out green but when exposed to sunlight, it turns a yellowish gold color. It is not as cold hardy as Yellow groove or nuda. Mine takes leaf damage when the temps reach single digits. (Cold hardy to around 5 degrees). It does, however, form one of the densest screens you can find. The species normally has limbs much closer to the ground than most other bamboo types. One of the best screening bamboos available. Golden maxes about in climate zone 6B at around 25 ft tall with a diameter of about an inch and a half.
Sold out of potted sizes only have large field dug available
BEAUTIFUL BAMBOO (Phyllostachys Mannii Decora)
A medium size bamboo, reaching up to 25ft tall and around 1.5 inches in diameter. Decora spreads quickly and forms a dense screen and works great in partial shade. The canes are a nice light, soft green sometimes with white stripes at each joint. It has very attractive shoots and multicolored peach colored culm sheaths. Cold hardy to Neg 8 degrees (climate zone 5+). It is said to be a good choice for hot dry locations, as it is resistent to drought and extreme conditions. #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS. sold out
HUMILIS (Phyllostachys Humilis)
A super cold hardy small to medium sized bamboo (down to neg 10 degrees). It is very similar to Dwarf David Bissett in size and growing habits but the canes and leaves are a bit lighter shade of green. It is a fast spreader and forms a tight impenetrable hedge. Great for privacy screens. Grows 10-15 feet tall depending on your climate. Canes start out green and change to yellow when exposed to sunlight (climate zone 4+)#2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
Ready to ship
BLACK BAMBOO (Phyllostachys Nigra)
Can grow fairly large (30ft tall) under the right conditions. It is one of the most unique of all bamboo species. Canes start out green and over the course of a year change to jet black. A very nice ornamental bamboo. The canes are great for crafts. Cold hardy in the zero to negative 5 range. Folks that see it are always amazed at the color. (climate zone 6+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
Sold out, more later in the summer of 2019
Green Stripe Vivax
Phyllostachys Vivax Aureocaulis is the largest bamboo species I can grow here in climate zone 6. It is a late season shooter so it usually survives the late frost. Vivax can grow to 5inches in diameter and over 50ft tall. The canes emerge a buttery yellow with bright green stripes scattered randomly. It is one of my favorite, very distinctive coloration. Cold hardy to zero degrees. This bamboo needs a lot of sun (climate zone 6+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS Still have a few #5 and #3 sizes left
DAVID BISSETT (Phyllostachys Bissetii)
A very good medium size bamboo that reaches a height of 18-25 ft tall. Like the dwarf version it grows very thick and forms a great hedge or privacy screen. The canes are a unique shade of light green, but they fade to yellow if exposed to a lot of direct sunlight. It is very cold hardy (down to negative 10 degrees). For a medium size screen this is the probably the best. (climate zone 4+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices
Got some ready to go
NUDA (Phyllostachys Nuda)
Nuda is said to be the toughest cold hardy bamboo available. Rated at -15degrees (Climate zone 4+). The canes and leaves are a very dark green (much darker shade than most bamboo) and the green does not fade as much as many other species. It can grow to 35 feet and 2 inches in diameter and the canes have a thick sturdy look. Very good choice for cold locations. Just a few left
Phyllostachys Rubrimarginata is another good choice for a tall privacy screen. Of all the larger bamboo it is probably the fastest grower. The canes and leaves are a beautiful shade of emerald/lime green. The canes have a long slender look and the wood quality is excellent. Much thicker walls than most other species. Cold hardy to about neg 5 degrees (Climate zone 5+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS Just a few remaining
Shimadake (Phyllostachys Nigra Shimadake)
Shimadake is very similar in size and habits to Nigra Henon, but is much more rare. It is one of the largest cold hardy bamboo varieties. Like Henon it can grow here in the mountains to heights up to 50′ tall and diameters of nearly 5 inches. Shimadake canes start out green but over time they change to a brownish yellow and dark black pinstripes form randomly on the canes. Cold Hardy to about -5, climate zone 6+ #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices
(Sasaella masamuneana albostriata)
The sasaella variety is heavily variegated and is a very thick growing ground cover. It can get up to 4-5 feet tall if left untrimmed. I keep mine about 12 inches tall. Rated down to about negative 5 degrees (climate zone 6+) Cut it back to about 12inches in the fall and be amazed at the beautiful, fresh variegated growth in the spring. I have this on a steep creekbank and it works great to choke out weeds and provide erosion control. Very nice ornamental bamboo groundcover.
#1, #2, and #3 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS Sold Out till later in summer.. can do field dug clumps.. email me
Moso (Phyllostachys heterocycla f. pubescens)
Moso is the largest temperate cold hardy bamboo variety available. Under the right circumstances it can form an unbelievable grove with canes that are nearly 6 inches in diameter. There is a gigantic Moso grove in China where many movies have been made “Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon, House of Flying Daggers” to name a couple. Moso is not the most cold hardy of the temperate bamboos in fact if you are not in climate zone 7 or higher, Moso will struggle to survive. Mine often gets completely top killed in the winter and a late frost normally gets the first round of shoots in the spring. It does come back from the roots every year, but I will never get a huge grove here in climate zone 6B. Moso won’t survive temperatures in the 5 degree range. If you can grow it Moso is the most impressive sized bamboo available. FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS Sold Out
Spectabilis (Phyllostachys Aureosulcata)
Spectabilis is a cultivar, and is the inverse of, Yellow groove and possesses all the same qualities. The only difference is that the canes are a golden yellow with dark green stripes instead of green canes with yellow stripes. Spectabilis holds it color really well and is a beautiful species. It is my favorite aureosulcata. Spectabilis is one of the most versatile bamboo species, and is perfect for a tall privacy screen as it grows very dense. Under ideal conditions it can reach up to 2″ in diameter and a height of 30′. It grows very fast and adapts well to lots of different conditions. Spec. is one of the most cold hardy varieties (down to about -10degrees climate zone 4+) Have some ready to ship
Snakeskin Bamboo (Phyllostachys Nigra Bory)
Can grow fairly large (30ft tall) under the right conditions. It is a very unique bamboo species. Canes start out green and over the course of a year become mottled black, brown, and green. This species is called leapord or snakeskin bamboo because of the spotted pattern. A very nice ornamental bamboo, and it has turned out to be a good screening bamboo more vigorous and more cold hardy than its cousin “Black Bamboo” Cold hardy to about neg 5. (climate zone 6+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
A few larger pots left
Robert Young (Phyllostachys Viridis)
Robert Young can grow quite large with canes of 4 inches in diameter.It can reach heights of 40ft or more. I have it planted on a clay slope and have been amazed at how quickly it sized up. It is similar in appearance to Green strip vivax but has thicker walls and better wood quality. The canes of Robert Young start out green but over a few months time they turn yellow leaving behind only random green stripes. It has not been very cold hardy taking damage when temps are in the low teens. It does rebound well, however, from even negative temperatures. I would recommend it for climate zone 7 and up. Maybe zero degrees as the low temp. Sold Out
Hibanobambusa Tranquilians (Shiroshima)
Shiroshima is a fairly small bamboo. Mine is 4 years old and is about 8 ft tall. It is supposed to get in the 12 ft tall range. This species has large, beautifully variegated leaves. the variegation doesn’t fade quickly like many similar plants. It is great for planters. I use it on a creek bank for erosion control. Shiroshima can tolerate sun or partial shade and spreads quickly. Cold hardy to maybe neg 5 (climate zone 6+) #2, #3, and #5 sizes normally available click drop-down below for other size choices FREE SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS
Some #5 sizes available
out of stock item info
MORE TO COME THIS FALL
Bamboo is easy to grow, but there are a few things you should know before starting. There are hundreds of species of bamboo and they can be roughly divided into either running or clumping bamboos. Almost all cold hardy bamboos are runners and almost all tropical bamboos are clumpers. Running bamboos send out root like rhizomes underground and can spread many feet each year. Clumping bamboos slowly expand and stay in a tight clump with canes close together. We grow dozens of cold hardy bamboo species, some will stay green down to -15 F.
I only grow running bamboos as it gets below freezing where I live, and they are capable of withstanding cold weather conditions. This article concerns growing running bamboos only. You can find lots of detailed information about bamboo by visiting the American Bamboo Society’s website.
Step 1 Find your bamboo
To grow running bamboos, you should start with a small division of bamboo from an established grove of bamboo. The division must have a piece of the underground rhizome, otherwise it may live, but will not grow and spread. You can also use just a piece of rhizome, but this is slower and usually not as successful.
Step 2 Cut the rhizomes
When you find a grove of bamboo, look around the outside for a small, individual cane. You will need a shovel and something to cut the rhizome with. These are very tough and I usually use a small keyhole saw. As you dig around the plant, you will feel the rhizome once the shovel hits it. Take the saw or pruning shears and cut the rhizome below ground. You will usually find the rhizome in more than one place. Just cut anywhere the shovel hits.
Step 3 Pry the rootball out
When the rhizomes are cut and you have circled the plant with a shovel, about 6 to 8 inches deep, just pry the rootball out of the ground. If you have missed a rhizome, you can usually tell where it is as you pry. In most cases, the rootball and plant will pop right out as bamboo is very shallow rooted.
Step 4 Prune and water
Once you have the plant out of the ground, prune about 1/4 off the top. Because the plant has less roots, this will help keep it from wilting. Water the rootball and try to plant as soon as possible.
Step 5 Plant the bamboo
To plant, just dig a shallow hole slightly larger than the rootball. Place the plant in the hole and backfill with some good topsoil or compost. Mulch heavily with leaves or straw and water thoroughly. That’s all there is to it!
Bamboo can provide a lush evergreen privacy screen or hedge in a very short time if planted correctly. First, species selection is critical. Species should be selected based upon climate zone, desired appearance and height. Make sure you get a species cold hardy enough for your climate zone so that it will be evergreen and you can enjoy privacy year around. There are many species for climate zones 5 and warmer that will give great screening.
Soil can have an impact too. Most temperate bamboo will survive in range of soil conditions from clay to sand. This will really only effect the bamboo ability to spread. Most bamboo if you asked them (don’t let anybody see you do this) prefer PH neutral to acidic sandy loams.
Sunlight conditions vary great from deep shade to full sun. Most all of the good screening bamboos (the Phyllostachys genus) is tolerant of all sunlight condition. As long as there is 4+ hours of filtered sun or better, bamboo can grow. The more sun, the faster the growth and development of the privacy screen. Sunny sites require more water because of evaporation and feeding the higher growth rate of bamboo.
How Many Plants Do I Need?
One division of bamboo will start a grove or screen over time. However, if you want a privacy screen fast, I recommend planting 3 gallon sizes 3 to 5 feet apart, plant 2 gallon sizes 1 to 3 feet apart. This will hopefully allow you to have a good screen in three years. There are a lot of factors such as water, sunlight, and climate zones that speeds up or slows down the process. Three years is about the average on this spacing, closer planting will allow you to screen or develop your grove faster. You cannot over plant bamboo.
How Bamboo Grows
Bamboo grows a little different than most plants. The bamboo that you get initially never grows vertically again. It has babies that are taller, that has babies that are taller. Every generation should be taller that the previous year’s shoots. The intriguing aspect is that each year’s growth emerges and grows to it complete height in 60-90 days. They spread as they produce larger growth, filling in and providing a screen.
This link will help you learn how bamboo grows. It will give you an idea of what kind of growth to expect from your planting. It also goes over some methods of controlling bamboo and how to keep your bamboo healthy. It is a lot of information, but well worth your time.
How bamboo grows
Planting bamboo is also easy. You want to dig a hole about twice the size of the root ball. When you plant the bamboo amend your soil with composted manure and a good top soil. Bamboo can be planted at ground level or slightly deeper. It is not a picky about it conditions but this will help get it off to a good start. More details can be seen here:
Finally, I will share with you a tip that will really help your bamboo screen develop quickly. Watering is the key. Especially during the establishment period. Bamboo should be watered heavily but make sure that you allow the soil time to dry between watering cycles. This can vary greatly between soil conditions so you will have to monitor it at first until you find the correct amount and schedule.
The method of delivery can be very beneficial too. Soaker hoses are great because bamboo rhizomes tend to follow the path of least resistance. A soaker hose tends to help your bamboo screen develop much faster because it encourages growth along your screening axis. For best results align the soaker hose directly where you want your bamboo screen to grow and coil it around initial plantings to provide the most water to the plants.
With these elements in mind, developing a bamboo screen is easy and fast. In just a couple of years, you will be able to watch your screen grow and enjoy your privacy.
Bamboo For Screening
Bamboo for Screening and for Hedging
One of the most revered ‘woods’ in Chinese culture, bamboo has been robustly embraced by garden designers in the UK for the creation of contemporary gardens and Japanese style gardens. It has proved especially useful in urban gardens where space is at a premium and the bonus is that bamboo creates a very elegant solution to so many screening problems. In this post we look at which bamboo is best for differing screening and hedging requirements. We also have a small selection of Living Bamboo Screens which offer Instant Privacy & come as a package ready to plant.
Bamboo or Bambuseae is an evergreen, perennial and a member of the grass family. Fast growing, they take up very little lateral space and yet they can reach fabulous heights extremely quickly, making bamboo a very cost effective choice when you need screening fast!
The toughness and resilience of these plants is belied by their beautiful stems and delicately shaped almost reed-like leaves. They provide a strong vertical line in the garden’s design and as they sway gently in the breeze create a relaxing and soothing mood. Here at Paramount Plants we have selected an extensive range of bamboos to fulfill the many different requirements of contemporary garden design. See our full range of bamboo plants here…
Medium Sized Bamboo for Hedging
Fargesia Murielae grows to a max height of 4m with a max width of 2.5m is an extremely dense variety, a perfect bamboo for screening or for hedging. Known as Umbrella Bamboo, this originates from China and will tolerate sun and wind and will also grow well in partial shade, forming a dense elegant hedge.
Fargesia Murielae has been awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit.
Fargesia Murielae Rufa is a beautiful elegant bamboo with bright green stems and leaves and pale pink sheaths, very densely growing up to 2.5m in height with a width of 1.5m. Upright and arching, this variety of bamboo makes a beautiful screen and hedge.
Left: Fargesia Murielae | Right Fargesia Murielae Rufa
Non-invasive, tall and narrow Bamboo For Screening
Fargesia Robusta Campbell commonly known as Campbell Bamboo also originates from China. It is a vigorous growing bamboo yet not invasive, this is the perfect choice if you want fast screening with a narrow planting area. Campbell’s Bamboo is dense and upright reaching heights of 4.5m with only 1.5m width, it has strong and robust green stems with bright green leaves. Campbell’s Bamboo prefers full sun but will also tolerate partial shade.
Phyllostachys Edulis Bicolor – rarely available in the UK
This fabulous bamboo is extremely fast growing and we have sourced some very established specimens – these are already 4m tall and are the perfect choice for
creating an instant screen. Edulis Bicolor is a beautiful and elegant giant bamboo, with thick yellow canes or culms with alternating green stripes giving it a stunning coloration. It has lush green foliage.
Giant Bamboo – Phyllostachys Edulis Bicolor for sale online
Phyllostachys Aureosulcata commonly known as Yellow Groove Bamboo – is another screening gem from China. This variety can be used in the more shaded areas and our specimens are already circa 2.2m high. The lovely lemon yellow coloured stems of this variety become more pronounced when subjected to sunshine, they become almost orange in colour. The tall, lush, dense growth is perfect for screening purposes.
Phyllostachys Aureosulcata Golden Groove Bamboo – Bamboo for Screening
Phyllostachys Humilis or Scottish Bamboo
While this is one of the shortest of the Phyllostachys bamboo, it has shoots all the way down to the ground with little or no clear stem. It also has lush evergreen foliage that grows thick and dense. Scottish Bamboo is very tolerant of pruning. These characteristics make it an ideal bamboo for screening.
Phyllostachys Atrovaginata or Incense Bamboo has thick green culms. It is a fast and vigorous upright grower and is very hardy. This is an excellent bamboo for screening for those in a hurry and in exposed locations. It is capable of heights of up to 8 metres in just a few years.
With this bamboo, use a Bamboo Barrier to easily keep its growth in check.
Narihira Bamboo (Latin Name Semiarundinaria Fastuosa) is a very tall (up to 6 metres), slim and non-running non-invasive bamboo. We have mature specimens in stock standing at 4 metres tall. Once again, this bamboo is ideal for evergreen screening.
How To Plant Bamboo in Cold Climates
Bamboo is an ornamental grass that grows in a variety of different climates. Some bamboos are cold hardy down to -15 degrees Fahrenheit. In growing zones that have winter temperatures below that, bamboo also grows very well in containers. By protecting the containers and moving them into a heated shed, garage or greenhouse, you can grow bamboo in most climate zones.
Select a variety of bamboo that is cold-hardy to your coldest winter temperatures. For recommendations, talk with a local nursery or your local county agricultural extension office.
In the spring, after the risk of frost has passed, dig a 3-foot-deep hole in the area where you would like to grow the bamboo. In cold climates, plant bamboo as early as possible to allow the root structures to establish before winter.
Line the hole with 40 mil plastic to prevent the bamboo from becoming invasive. Many bamboos propagate via runners that can travel a great distance.
Pack several inches of soil over the plastic barrier. Packing the soil hard discourages rhizome movement.
Fill the hole to 2 feet and pack the soil relatively hard. This will also discourage downward rhizome growth, but will allow for some growth for the health of the bamboo.
Add another 4 inches of soil to leave an 8-inch-deep hole. Place the bamboo rhizomes on the dirt with their eyes facing up. Cover the bamboo and water thoroughly.
Allow the bamboo to develop over the spring, summer and fall. In late fall, around the time of the last frost, add a foot or two of mulch to the bamboo to keep the soil as warm as possible over the winter. Allow bamboo leaves that fall to remain on the ground. These make a good mulch and also add good nutrition to the soil. Remove the mulch in the spring after the risk of frost has passed.
By selecting a variety of bamboo hardy enough for your climate zone and mulching, your bamboo should easily survive the winter and return in the spring.
Select a container suitable to the size of bamboo you would like to grow. Bamboo ranges from varieties that grow to 5-6 feet, to varieties that grow over 70 feet. By growing bamboo in a container, you can grow warmer climate varieties in cold climates.
Fill the pot to within around 8 inches of the top. Place the bamboo rhizomes with the eyes up on the dirt. Cover the rhizomes and water the bamboo thoroughly.
Grow the bamboo over the spring, summer and fall to allow the root structures to become established.
In the fall, move the bamboo into a garage or shed. In very cold climates, move the bamboo into a heated garage or shed. If you are moving the bamboo into a heated area, try to place the bamboo near a window or other light source. Depending on the temperature of the room, the bamboo may not go completely dormant and may need some light.
Wrap the pot in bubble wrap. Measure the circumference of the pot and use twice the circumference of bubble wrap to make a double insulation layer around the pot. The bubble wrap will help to keep the soil warmer over the winter.
Move the pot outside after the risk of hard frost has passed.