- Fourth of July Climbing Roses
- Fourth of July™ Climbing Rose
- Getting the most from your Climbing Roses
- Zone 8 Climbing Roses: Learn About Roses That Climb In Zone 8
- Zone 8 Climbing Roses
- Growing Climbing Roses in Zone 8
- More Information
- Question: What are the most dependable roses for my Texas landscape?
Fourth of July Climbing Roses
History of Fourth of July Climbing Roses:
The Fourth of July rose is truly a stunner in both beauty and fragrance. It was first introduced in the United States by breeder Tom Carruth in 1999. It was an AARS winner in that same year and it gets its name because of the blooms it produces with red and white stripes. This variety is a medium sized climbing rose, reaching heights of anywhere from 10 to 14 feet tall. It also has a very long bloom time starting in late spring and continuing through until the frost.
Like most roses, the Fourth of July rose gives its best performance when grown in well drained soil in a location that gets full sun all day long. It can handle partial shade however but no less than 6 hours a day of sun light. The Fourth of July is a thorny variety of climbing rose and you will find that bees and butterflies absolutely love this rose.
Growing Fourth of July Climbing Roses:
The Fourth of July rose needs a lot of water in order to provide you with ample blooms all season long, and when you do water it, make sure you do so on a regular basis and water it thoroughly. You will want to make sure that your climbing roses have good air circulation and it is always a good idea to water them from the bottom, rather than watering from the top down and keeping the leaves wet for too long. If your roses don’t dry out properly you will find they become very susceptible to diseases and pests.
If you want to be sure your Fourth of July climbing roses keep blooming all season long, make sure you are diligent in dead heading blooms that are spent, as this will prevent the rose from wasting energy growing hips and it will continue to keep blooming for you. This rose grows best if you give it soil that is slightly acidic, so it’s not a bad idea to add amendments to your soil to give it the best chance possible!
Planting Fourth of July Climbing Roses:
Planting your Fourth of July Climbing Roses is simple and easy. Depending on where you purchased your roses from, you would have either received them as a bareroot plant, or in a container. If they came in a container much of the work is already done. In either case, I suggest you have a wheelbarrow handy and a bag of organic mulch, found at your local garden center. When you dig up the existing soil, mix it 2 to 1 with the organic compost before backfilling. This will give your Fourth of July climbing roses a tremendous start.
For container roses, dig the hole roughly twice the size of the container it came in, and set the top level of the container with the surface level of the existing soil. This will keep the bud union at the same depth it was originally planted. If you have a bareroot plant, then you will need to dig the hole wide enough so that all the roots can fully extend naturally, and deep enough that the bud union sits about an inch or two below the surface of the soil.
Once you’ve set the plant in place, backfill with your soil mix about halfway, and then water it down thoroughly. Fill the hole the rest of the way and then water again. The reason for doing this is to ensure proper coverage of the roots with the soil, and to prevent any air pockets from forming.
Fertilizing Fourth of July Climbing Roses:
Most roses in general are happy with one feeding every spring, at the start of the growing season. If you want, you can give your Fourth of July climbing roses 3 feedings each season. The first one is almost always given in early spring, just as the leaves begin to form. The second one can be done several weeks later, as the first big bloom starts to develop. The 3rd feeding is typically done around mid-July, to help promote additional blooms.
There are a wide range of fertilizers out there and everyone has their own preference as to what to use. I prefer to stay away from the liquid chemical fertilizers because I’ve found they too easily can burn many varieties of roses. Instead I stick with an all-purpose granular fertilizer just to be safe. The product will give you instructions on how to apply it, and always make sure you leave at least 4 weeks in between feedings.
Over-wintering Fourth of July Climbing Roses:
While this rose is hardy in zones 5 though 9, you will probably want to give the plant a generous layer of mulch before the freezing temperatures arrive. Before you mulch the plant over and prepare for winter, make sure you clean up any and all loose leaves from around the base, as well as any diseased leaves that might still be on the plant.
Many spores will go dormant in the winter only to infect the plant the following spring, and dead and decaying leaves are a haven for them, so do your due diligence. You don’t want to go through all that trouble of protecting your plant from the winter cold, only to lose it to a disease the following year.
The Fourth of July rose is a very versatile rose that will make a great addition to just about any location you can find for it. Grow it along a fence or wall, or allow it to climb up an arbor to accent a walkway or garden entrance. The red and white striped blooms are sure to make an impression no matter where you plant it! If you give your Fourth of July roses the proper care and growing location, you will end up with a plant that gives you years of enjoyment!
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Fourth of July™ Climbing Rose
Extensively trialed before introduction, an immediate award winner, and the recipient of praise from gardeners across the country, Fourth of July™ receives our highest recommendation as a repeat-blooming, fragrant, colorful Rose!
Fourth of July™ was introduced in 1999 by master breeder Tom Carruth, and boasts abundant clusters of big, semi-double flowers of deep red striped with clean white. They offer a petal count of 10 to 16 and a rich, enticing fragrance that combines apples with sweet roses — utterly irresistible! Best of all, they bloom heavily early in the season, then cheerfully repeat all summer.
This Rose comes by its good looks and exceptional garden vigor honestly. It is descended from R. ‘Roller Coaster’ x ‘Altissimo,’ and underwent 3 years of formal trials before being introduced — a very long period indeed, but this Rose was special! It promptly won an All-America Rose Award in 1999, the first climber in a quarter century to do so. And then the raves began pouring in from the first lucky gardeners to plant this standout beauty!
Many experts consider Fourth of July™ the best Rose introduced in the past decade. Its climbing canes reach 12 to 14 feet tall, with fresh, healthy foliage. North or south, east or west, it demonstrates uniform vigor and flower color. And it reblooms beginning the very first year in your garden — highly unusual for any Rose!
Fourth of July™ makes a fine companion to other climbing Roses and Clematis in the garden. Give it a sturdy trellis, wall, pergola, or other structure to climb, and let it go! Zones 6-9.
Getting the most from your Climbing Roses
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Climbing roses are vigorous, easy to grow, and add a lot to your garden. Not only do they provide a plentiful amount of blooms and fragrance, but they can also play a strong and versatile utilitarian role in the garden. They can make a dramatic addition to a landscape. Their size and habit allows them to be used as an architectural feature. Climbers can be trained on a fence or trellis to provide screening or garden walls. They can frame a window or doorway. When trained on an arbor they can create a dazzling entry to other parts of the garden. They can even be used as a focal point when grown on a pillar frame.
To get the most out of your climbing roses, here are a few simple tips to assure an abundance of bloom and enjoyment in your garden:
Roses do best in full sun. While they tolerate some shade, they will bloom more and grow more dense and full when they receive at least 4-6 hours of direct sun each day. Also, pick a site that will accommodate the climber’s growth habit. Climbers can grow from 6-12 feet tall (even taller with some!) and spread almost as wide.
Prepare the Soil
Roses are quite adaptable to many types of soil, but they do their best in rich, fertile, loamy soil with good drainage. No matter what soil is in your garden it can be improved with the addition of organic matter such as compost, mulch or peat moss. This will improve drainage in heavy clay soils and improve water retention in sandy soils.
Plant as Soon as Possible
One of the best ways to buy climbing roses are as bareroot plants. The plants are dormant at this time. This makes them easy to handle and plant. Bareroot planting season begins in late winter or early spring when the soil has thawed and is workable. Planting at this time allows the roots to get established in their new home before the hot weather of summer arrives. Because they haven’t been pampered in a potting soil media, their roots get established in the indigenous garden soil very quickly.
Pick a Suitable Fence or Structure to Train Your Climbing Roses
Climbing roses do not twine or have tendrils to attach themselves to a structure. They need something sturdy that they can be loosely secured to or woven through. One trick to make climbing roses produce more bloom is to train them more laterally than vertically. When trained more horizontally, climbers will produce short spurs along their main stems or canes and these will produce blooms (very similar to practices used on apple or fruit trees to increase bloom and fruit-set).
Fertilize Your Climbers
It takes a lot of energy to produce all those large, magnificent blooms! Fertilize regularly with a balanced fertilizer that provides ample amounts of all the necessary nutrients. Avoid fertilizers meant for lawns. These tend to be quite high in nitrogen. This will produce a very lush, dark green plant, but less blooms.
Go Easy on the Pruning
Climbers need little or no pruning the first two years. Many of the older climbing varieties tend to bloom on second-year canes. If it has been pruned back each year like hybrid teas and other shrub roses then bloom production will be minimal. Plan on pruning climbing roses every three or four years. At this time, remove small, twiggy canes and old, woody, less vigorous canes at the base of the plant in favor of the young, vigorous canes that are long and flexible. These can then be trained onto or through the structure provided.
There are many wonderful climbing roses to choose from, both old and new. Newer climbers tend to produce larger blooms and more of them throughout the growing season. They also tend to have a very sturdy, upright habit.
Zone 8 Climbing Roses: Learn About Roses That Climb In Zone 8
Climbing roses are a striking addition to a garden or home. They are used to adorn trellises, arches, and the sides of houses, and some large varieties can grow 20 or even 30 feet (6 to 9 meters) tall with proper support. Subgroups within this large category include trailing climbers, ramblers, and climbers that fall under other groups of roses, such as climbing hybrid tea roses.
Ramblers are the most vigorous climbing rose varieties. Their long canes can grow as much as 20 feet (6 meters) in one year, and the flowers appear on clusters. Trailing climbers are smaller but still capable of covering a trellis or arch, and they usually feature abundant flowers. For almost every color and flower characteristic that you can find in other roses, you can find the same among roses that climb. In zone 8, many climbing rose varieties can be grown successfully.
Zone 8 Climbing Roses
Climbing roses for zone 8 include the following varieties and many more:
New Dawn – A rambler with light pink flowers, highly rated in rose trials at the Georgia Experiment Station.
Reve D’Or – A vigorous climber that grows up to 18 feet (5.5 meters) tall with yellow to apricot-colored petals.
Strawberry Hill – A recipient of the RHS Award of Garden Merit, this fast-growing, disease-resistant rambler produces fragrant pink blooms.
Iceberg climbing rose – Abundant pure white flowers on a vigorous plant that grows up to 12 feet (3.5 meters) tall.
Mme. Alfred Carrière – A tall (up to 20 feet or 6 meters), very vigorous rambler with white flowers.
Sea Foam – This disease-resistant trailing climber was rated as one of the best performing climbing roses by the Texas A&M Earth-Kind program.
Fourth of July – This All-American Rose selection from 1999 features unique red- and white-striped flowers.
Growing Climbing Roses in Zone 8
Provide climbing hybrid tea roses with a trellis, arch, or wall to climb up. Trailing climbers should be planted near either a structure they can climb up or an area of ground where they can grow as a ground cover. Ramblers are the tallest group of climbing roses, and they are great for covering the sides of large buildings or even growing into trees.
Mulching around roses is recommend for optimal soil health and moisture retention and to prevent weed growth. Place mulch 2 to 3 inches (5 to 8 cm.) deep around roses, but leave a mulch free 6-inch (15 cm.) diameter ring around the trunk.
Pruning practices vary based on the specific climbing rose variety, but for most climbing roses, it’s best to prune just after the flowers fade. This typically occurs in the winter. Cut side shoots back by two-thirds. Prune the oldest canes and any diseased branches back to the ground to allow newer canes to grow, leaving five or six canes.
Keep the soil moist after planting your roses until they are established. Water established roses at least once a week during dry periods.
Roses, an iconic symbol of Valentine’s Day. You can hardly go anywhere this time of year without running into a stand that is selling bouquets of roses ready-made to brighten someone’s day! Roses are also a classic staple in landscaping and in the flower garden. Today, I’m going to tell you how to grow them in Texas and share some of my favorite varieties with you as well.
Grown in landscapes since the beginning of recorded history, roses come in all shapes, sizes, and flower colors. There are hundreds of categories and varieties of roses including shrub types, climbers, ground covers, and flowers that range from very large to very small; there are even roses with green flowers! It is believed that the Spanish missionaries originally brought roses to the new world, first to Mexico and then spread them north into the United States.
Roses need to be grown in full sun. They like to be in soil that is well-amended with organic matter and has good soil drainage. A raised flower bed with additional compost is a great place for a rose; starting with healthy soil will prevent you from needing to fertilize much later on. Newly-planted roses will appreciate watering around twice a week throughout the first growing season, and a 2 to 3-inch layer of mulch helps quite a bit. Right now is a great time to plant roses (mid-February); you should find a good selection at the nurseries. It is also the best time to prune most roses. Shrub roses can be pruned way back, leaving nothing but 4 to 6-inch stubs. Pruning back in February helps to clean out any deadwood that may be on your plant and prevents disease. Caution, it is not the time to prune climbing roses, such as Seven Sisters or Lady Banks rose, that only bloom in the spring. If you prune climbers now, you will be cutting off all the blooms for the year! Instead, prune those after they have finished flowering.
Roses sometimes get a bad rap for being finicky and picky plants, and some of them can be for sure! Hybrid Tea roses and other modern hybrids probably don’t belong in a Texas garden. However, not all roses are created equal. There are several old roses, as well as a few modern introductions, that are some of the best and hardiest perennials that we can grow in the Lone Star State.
Ideal roses for growing in Texas
There are many varieties that perform well in Texas. Here are a few of my favorites:
- Belinda’s Dream – Bread at Texas A&M University by a math professor! This rose is a Texan. It is a tough shrub rose that produces large pink, fragrant flowers that keep well when cut. It keeps blooming all season long. It is my personal all-time favorite rose, and was designated as a “Texas Superstar” plant by Texas A&M.
- Sea Foam – A nice climbing rose. It makes double white flowers that repeat spring, summer, and fall. It is a tough plant once established and needs a trellis or support to grow on.
- Cecile Bruner – Another wonderful shrub rose. It has small pink, double-ruffle flowers and a strong fragrance. Each flower is perfectly formed. They bloom in waves, budding off and on all season long. The blooms appear in clusters on the plant. It is also known as the “sweetheart rose”.
- Red Cascade – A true rambling rose. It can grow 6 to 7-feet wide with no particular shape. It makes small, deep red flowers all summer long. This rose looks beautiful in a hanging basket.
- Caldwell Pink – Button-type, small pink flowers bloom on this well-mannered shrub rose. Mature plants can grow roughly 3-foot by 3-foot large and hardly ever stop blooming!
- Drift roses – Good for ground covers. They come in many different flower colors that range from red to peach and bloom best in the spring and fall.
- Mutabilis – Also known as the butterfly rose. This thing is a beast! A Mutabilis rose can get huge – often 8-feet tall, and almost as wide. It can be made into a blooming privacy hedge or can be kept smaller with pruning. I have even seen Mutabilis roses trained into a tree form. The flowers on this one start out yellow, then change to pink, and finally turn crimson! Often, all three colors will appear on the plant at the same time, creating a unique display.
- Knockout Roses – A family of modern roses. They are resistant to almost all rose diseases and don’t require any deadheading to keep in bloom all season long. There are many colors to choose from with different pinks, reds, yellows and whites. My favorite knockout is an open-face white flower called “Whiteout”. All Knockout roses have a nice light fragrance.
The above roses are not the finicky types that need to be babied. They are super-tough, disease-resistant perennials that are even pretty drought-tolerant once they are established. All of them bloom off and on all season long. Removing the old blooms, which is called deadheading, will get the roses to produce more flowers faster. The aforementioned roses don’t require any special spraying to stay healthy. For more about great roses for Texas, visit this website:
There is a disease present in Texas called “rose rosette,” which is fatal for roses. It is spread by a tiny bud mite. There is no treatment for this disease yet. Once a rose catches this disease, it is recommended to remove the affected plant immediately. It is a misconception that this problem is new. Rose Rosette was discovered in this area in the 1940’s. In recent years, many people thought this problem was specific to Knockout roses, which is also not true as all roses can catch this disease. Although this problem is bad, it is still not prevalent enough to dissuade anyone from growing roses. Yes, something in your garden might catch it, and you may have to destroy a plant, but chances are your roses never will catch it. If you do have to remove a plant, a new rose could be planted in the very same place seven days later and could go on to thrive. Roses are inspiring workhorse plants in our gardens and should always be included when possible. The threat of this erratic disease should not stop us from finding a home for roses in our gardens.
That’s all I have for now. I hope you enjoyed my information about one of my favorite plants – the venerable rose. Get ready because spring is coming soon! I’ll be back really soon with more. Until then, happy gardening!
Manager Errol McKoy Greenhouse on the Midway
Nothing compares to a rose bush laden with blooms sending its heavenly scent into the evening air.
But growing roses can be intimidating for the casual gardener. They’re prone to problems like black spot, powdery mildew and mites.
To help Texas gardeners avoid such drama, Texas A&M horticulturists have designated varieties that work in our climate as Earth-Kind Roses. These shrubs and climbers are Texas tough.
They are also the most environmentally responsible varieties, requiring minimal chemical treatments, fertilizers and pruning.
Gaye Hammond, past president of the Houston Rose Society, the country’s largest rosarian organization, has dubbed Earth-Kind “roses for working people” for their carefree attributes. They allow gardeners to spend time enjoying their gardens , not just maintaining them.
With Houston’s humidity, there will always be some susceptibility to fungal diseases, but Earth-Kind varieties are the most tolerant; they drop affected foliage and put on new growth.
Growing tips for Earth-Kind roses
Plant in locations where roses receive full, direct sunlight for at least eight hours each day.
Choose a location that provides good air movement over the leaves and do not plant too close together or place in cramped, enclosed areas.
When a plant is fully grown, there should remain at least one foot of open space all around it to facilitate good air movement. This practice will help reduce the potential for foliar diseases.
Roses respond well to soils with an adequate balance of aeration, drainage and water holding characteristics.
For sandy and loam soils, incorporate 3-6 inches of fully decomposed, plant-derived compost.
For clay soils, consider a one-time incorporation of 3 inches of expanded shale to improve soil aeration, drainage and to make the soil much easier to work. Then incorporate 3 inches of fully decomposed, plant-derived compost. Thoroughly mix the existing soil, expanded shale, and compost into a uniform planting medium. If necessary due to lack of availability or cost, compost can be used as an alternative to expanded shale.
For clay soils, it is also beneficial to create raised beds, crowned (i.e. higher) in the center, to promote drainage.
Regardless of soil type, roses benefit from a year-round, 3-inch layer of organic mulch (e.g. tree limbs, with leaves, that have been run through a chipper) that conserves water, reduces weeds, reduces soil-borne plant diseases, moderates soil temperatures, and provides nutrients as it decomposes.
Water thoroughly whenever the soil is dry in the root zone to a depth of 1 inch.
Watering established plants too frequently can promote root disease, especially in poorly drained soils.
Roses should not be sprinkler irrigated, especially during evening hours or at night. Drip irrigation is a much better watering method for plant health and water conservation.
In areas with “salty” water, drip irrigation is needed to eliminate burning of the rose foliage due to salty irrigation spray.
Follow recommended plant spacing and pruning practices. Remove dead, diseased, or broken branches to help promote plant health.
Replenish the mulch as needed to maintain the 3-inch layer. Remember as the mulch decomposes, it provides nutrients for plant use.
In most loam or clay soils (other than perhaps in desert areas) if you follow our Earth-Kind compost and mulch only approach to soil management, then commercial synthetic or organic fertilizers are not required. This is yet another major environmental victory for Earth-Kind.
Source: Texas AgriLife Extension Service
Here are Texas AgriLife Extension Service’s top Earth-Kind performers for Houston.
‘Caldwell Pink’: Touted as the best summer bloomer by many, this old rose found in Caldwell carries clusters of double lilac-pink blooms on a plant 4 feet tall and wide. Black-spot resistant; immune to powdery mildew.
‘Katy Road Pink’: Also known as ‘Carefree Beauty.’ Popular among Houston gardeners, this rose found in Katy produces fragrant, large, semidouble pink blooms with showy yellow stamens on a shrub approximately 5 feet tall by 4 feet wide. Not picky about growing conditions; black-spot and mildew resistant; produces large orange hips.
‘Else Poulsen’: Slightly fragrant, these faded pink semidouble blooms with dark-pink reverse grow on a plant approximately 3- to 5-feet tall by 3- to 5-feet wide. Maximum sun and air circulation will aid ‘Else Poulsen’ in fighting black spot. Powdery mildew is not a problem.
‘Mutabilis’: Dating back to 1894, it’s the easiest of these easy roses. The silky, single blooms on this wonderful rose change from yellow to orange to pink to crimson, and so the 6- by-6-foot plant often is covered in multiple colors. Also known as the Butterfly Rose, ‘Mutabilis’ can grow even taller in the Houston area.
‘Ducher’: This rose bred in France in 1869 is pronounced “doo-shay.” Its fruity-fragrant double blooms are pure white to creamy. The compact, twiggy bush is a nice landscape shrub with soft, full foliage and showy blooms. It tolerates heat and sun.
‘Spice’: This prolific bloomer produces blush pink, double blossoms with a peppery fragrance, hence the name. The blooms fade from light pink to almost white in the heat of summer. It’s healthy and drought tolerant. Spice also works in a container; it’s a good choice for budding gardeners.
‘Knock Out’: The slightly fragrant, nonstop semidouble cherry-red blooms of this All-America Rose Selection have caught the attention of home gardeners and professional landscapers. The 4-by-4-foot plant is black-spot resistant but have been known to get rose rosette disease, which causes deformed leaves and flowers. If RRD strikes, it’s best to dig the bush out and dispose of it.
‘Marie Daly’: Fragrant semidouble pale pink blooms cover this dwarf rose ideal for smaller gardens and containers. Mature plant size is approximately 3- to 4-feet tall by 3- to 4-feet wide. Give this Texas Superstar sun and excellent air circulation to help prevent black spot. It has few thorns.
‘Perle d’Or’: Introduced in 1884, the highly fragrant blooms of this rose begin as elegant, nearly orange buds that open to an apricot-peach pompom. Rarely out of bloom, the heat- and disease-tolerant plant is 3- to 4-feet tall by 4-feet wide.
‘Climbing Pinkie’: Nearly thornless, this rose offers semidouble fragrant pink blooms on 8- to 12-foot climbing canes, or it can be allowed to grow as a large, cascading shrub. Immune to powdery mildew; it does get some black spot, but the old rose sheds affected leaves and continues with the show.
‘Sea Foam’: Clusters of fragrant double white blooms cover the 3-foot tall and 6-foot wide disease-resistant rose, suitable as a climber or a trailer.
Kathy Huber contributed to this report.
Question: What are the most dependable roses for my Texas landscape?
Answer: Dr. Steve George of the Texas Cooperative Extension, assisted by other scientists of the Texas A&M Agriculture Program: Drs. Wayne Mackay, Cynthia McKenney, Raul Cabrera, Phil Colbaugh and Mr. Landry Lockett, are conducting ongoing tests to find the most dependable, trouble-free roses for Texas gardeners.
Following are those that have already been selected for their superior performance under a variety of Texas conditions and without heroic soil preparation or spraying.
Sea Foam is a creamy white double that blooms from mid-spring until frost. It grows in spreading shrub form to 3 feet tall and 6 feet wide.
Marie Daly is a semi-double, fragrant pink variety that blooms from spring until frost. It is a Polyantha rose that grows to 3 to 4 feet tall and wide.
The Fairy is a light pink, small-flowering double Polyantha that grows to 3 feet tall and 4 feet wide. It blooms all season long.
Caldwell Pink is a very double, lilac-pink rose that blooms from spring until frost. It grows to 4 feet tall and wide.
Knock Out is a cherry red, semi-double shrub rose to 4 feet tall and wide. It blooms from spring, through the summer and all the way until frost.
Perle d’Or is a double-flowering, peach-colored rose that grows 3 to 4 feet tall and 4 feet wide. It flowers from spring until frost.
Belinda’s Dream is a double pink rose that is also fragrant. It is fragrant, blooming from spring until frost. The plants grow to 5 feet tall and wide.
Else Poulsen is a pink-flowering, semi-double floribunda rose that blooms from April until November. It grows to 5 feet tall and wide.
Katy Road Pink grows to 5 feet tall and wide. It produces semi-double, pink flowers all season long.
Mutabilis (butterfly rose) is a 6-foot shrubby China rose with single yellow, pink, then crimson flowers. It is the first rose to be named EarthKind” Rose of the Year (2005).
Climbing Pinkie grows to 10 feet tall, or it can be kept as a 6-foot shrub. It bears semi-double, fragrant pink flowers all season long. It is a Polyantha rose.