Citronella plants for sale

Unfortunately mosquito season has arrived (aka the worst part about the weather warming up). Scientists are predicting a small increase in mosquitoes this spring and summer. Tis the season! If you’re someone like me who is always victim to endless itchy mosquito bites (seriously, why me?) then we have some tips for you. Did you know that certain flowers and plants act as natural mosquito repellents?

Many of these plants are more common than you might think. They can also be found at your local nursery. Using plants for mosquito control is an easy, safe and natural alternative to store-bought sprays. Check out these 9 plants that repel mosquitoes naturally.

1. Citronella

Check out citronella as a plant that repels mosquitoes.

Citronella is known as the mosquito plant because the citronella scent is infused into many candles and sprays. Keep this natural bug repellent near your doorway for easy pest control. Citronella plants should be planted outside after your last frost. If you decide to plant these in pots, move it outside to your porch so it can repel mosquitoes in the springtime. This plant loves a little afternoon shade and rich, moist soil.

2. Lavender

Try Lavender to repel mosquitoes.

Lavender isn’t just the essential oil from your bubble bath. Insects are deterred by the plant’s leaves and flowers making it another option for a mosquito repelling plant. Lavender is a perennial plant that requires full sun. It prefers to live in pots with rich soil that isn’t too moist. It makes a beautiful addition to any porch with is beautiful light purple, pink or white flowers.

3. Marigold

Marigold repels mosquitoes naturally.

The distinctive smell of marigolds is considered particularly offensive to mosquitoes. Marigolds contain Pyrethrum, which is a compound used in many insect repellents. Besides repelling mosquitoes, marigolds can be planted near your vegetable garden as they repel insects that prey on young tomato plants as well. These beautiful plants prefer full sun and fertile soil. Although you can plant them from seeds, they are much easier to purchase at your local garden center.

4. Pennyroyal

Pennyroyal is a plant that naturally repels mosquitoes.

Carry Pennyroyal leaves and stems with you to deter insects. An added bonus is they also deter fleas and ticks from your pets. Be sure you don’t consume the oils from pennyroyal plants as it can be toxic to humans.

5. Garlic

Repel mosquitoes with garlic.

From pests to vampires, garlic is known for keeping unwanted prey away. It’s ability to deter unwanted insects has been scientifically proven, although the exact component is unknown. Toss the bug spray and try this unexpected mosquito repellant instead (which you probably already have in your kitchen anyway).

6. Peppermint

Try peppermint as a plant that repels mosquitoes.

Mints have a distinct aroma that acts as a natural insect repellent. Mint is a hardy and prolific plant that grows well in a potted environment. Mint comes in many varieties including chocolate mint, peppermint, apple mint, lemon mint and many others. You can pick the mint leaves and rub them on your skin for added protection.

7. Lemongrass

Lemongrass repels mosquitoes.

The sweet aroma from Lemongrass is detested by insects. It can also calm nerves, promote restful sleep, and reduce digestive distress. You can plant this in pots around your porch and keep it near your home entrances for easy pest control. For a quick relief from insects, crush up a handful of leaves and keep them in your pocket or rub them on your skin.

8. Catnip

Catnip is a plant that repels mosquitoes.

Most cat lovers know this herb, but the pungent smell also repels mosquitoes. Start catnip by sowing seeds in pots or your flower beds. This herb of the mint family will grow in almost any soil in full sun. Catnip can grow 3-5′ tall so don’t plant this one where you have limited space.

9. Basil

Check out basil as a plant that repels mosquitoes.

Try growing Basil in an herb garden or in pots on your porch. As a natural way to keep insects away crush a handful of leaves and put them in your pocket or rub them on your skin. For best results, try lemon basil or cinnamon basil. These emit a stronger scent. The added bonus is you can use this herb in your favorite recipes.

If you have an overabundance of mosquitoes, don’t underestimate them. Using natural plants is a safe and effective way to ward them off, but sometimes additional protection from sprays may be necessary. Use caution especially in areas where West Nile, Zika and other diseases are found.

Now Watch: Ever Heard of Barking Squirrels?

oembed rumble video here

Citronella (Anti-Mosquito Plant)

The All-Natural Mosquito Repellant

Here’s why everyone’s buzzing about Citronella:

– Attractive, citrus scented geranium
– Grows well on patios and decks
– Natural mosquito repelling oil in the leaves
– Convenient size, plant in containers and place them anywhere

The Sweet Scent of Citrus
If you love the great outdoors make sure you pick up a few Citronella plants. Not only is this geranium a drought-tolerant, vigorous grower, its thick green leaves give off a pleasant, citrusy fragrance that will carry throughout your garden or patio the whole summer long. Quickly growing up to 2 feet high, their compact mature size makes them a convenient plant to pot up and strategically place at patio entrances, along decks and throughout your garden. Plant them around your backyard retreat to make summer nights memorable.

Say Hello to Summer Nights
Citronella is the perfect outdoor plant. Not only does it look great in a decorative pot, the fresh scent of citrus will surround your outdoor spaces like no other plant can. Its fragrant leaves will also freshen up any room indoors. Once outdoors, let your Citronella plant work its magic. Try crushing one of the leaves, for a natural insect repellant that goes anywhere.

Citronella has soft leaves, similar to herbs like mint or basil. We grow your plants large, and then cut it back so it ships better. When they arrive, give them a drink then remove any damaged stems or leaves. Within days you’ll start seeing new foliage and stems popping out everywhere. Citronella is extremely fast growing.

This summer, it’s time to enjoy your favorite outdoor spaces. Make sure you order several Citronella plants today.

Planting & Care

Citronella (Pelargonium citronellum) is widely favored geranium thanks to its wonderful citrusy scent. It will give you an array of fuzzy, textured foliage that when crushed sends off a heavenly aroma. The plant grows to a height of about 2-3 feet and is best suited for USDA growing zones 9-11 as an evergreen perennial but can also be successfully grown in pots/planters if located in colder areas of the U.S. Citronella is also a great contrasting texture to gardens.

Choosing a location: If being ground planted then the best time to add it to your garden would be in the spring season after all the risks of frosts have passed. Try for a spot that gets more morning sun as the afternoon sun tends to be a bit more abrasive. The ideal amount of sun is about six hours a day. Although fairly tolerant of a wide range of soils, citronella prefers a moist, moderately rich soil for the best results.

Planting Directions (in ground):
1) Citronella does best if planted in a slightly acidic (6.5 pH is ideal), light, sandy soil that is well draining.
2) Make your hole twice as wide and just as deep as the container the plant came in. Space your plants about 1-2 feet apart if planting more than one.
3) Water the freshly planted citronella and add about 1-2 inches of chopped bark mulch or pine straw to help conserve soil moisture as well as deter competing weeds and grasses from growing up around it.

Planting Directions (potted):
1) Select a pot that is 8-12 inches wide at the top with multiple drainage holes, drainage is essential.
2) Using a high quality potting mix, fill the pot halfway full. A potting soil with some light amounts of fertilizer can be used.
3) Place your new citronella into the container so that the root ball tip is about 2 inches from the top of the pot. Add your soil so the root ball is at the same depth as its original container then water to settle the soil and eliminate any air pockets.
4) Place the pot in an area that gets full sun to partial shade. A good six hours of direct sun is recommended.

Watering: Keep your soil dampened as the plants get situated. Once they have fully established you should only need to supplement water once weekly during dry periods. For potted citronella, keep the soil evenly moistened without over saturating. You can closely monitor this by using your index finger. Stick it into the potting soil and if it feels dry to the touch, add just enough water to where you see it escaping the drainage holes and stop. If the leaves are turning a brown or yellow color then it is not receiving enough water.

Fertilizing: Ground grown citronella should be fertilized with a balanced fertilizer once monthly which will help support production. Citronella that is grown in pots can benefit from being fertilized monthly with a water soluble houseplant fertilizer in the spring and summer seasons.

Pruning (in ground): From the soil to the tip of the foliage, cut back about a

Fast Growing Trees deer resistant fragrant plants indoor patio plants popular mothers day gift ideas overstock sale Pack patio plants and trees sale shrubs and hedges top plants to repel mosquitoes Tree Spikes // // // // 13940845150260 1 Plant 24.95 24.95 // InStock 1 Plant 13940845248564 3 Plants 69.95 74.85 // InStock 3 Plants 13940845215796 6 Plants 119.95 149.70 // InStock 6 Plants 13940845281332 10 Plants 149.95 249.50 // InStock 10 Plants 13940845183028 1 Gallon 19.95 19.95 // OutOfStock 1 Gallon

Plants That Repel Mosquitoes

The annoying buzzing of mosquitoes and the itchy bites that may turn into an irritating bump or worse — must be mosquito season. Mosquitoes can cause allergic reactions in some people and they also carry diseases, such as West Nile Virus, which can lead to West Nile Fever, and Neuroinvasive disease. The risk of disease leaves many wondering how to repel mosquitoes in and around their home safely. For most people, using chemicals to control mosquitoes is out of the question. Who wants to take the risk with products that may be just as harmful as the mosquitoes themselves? Not many people do. This is where the search for effective and natural mosquito repellents comes into play. You can take a comprehensive approach to getting rid of these pests by using more than one natural mosquito deterrent. What are these natural mosquito prevention methods? Let’s take a look at natural mosquito repellent for the yard. Do you have doubts about using plants that repel mosquitoes? If you are like a lot of people, you may be unsure at first and wonder, “Do mosquito plants work?” The answer is yes. You just have to know what types of plants repel mosquitoes and where they grow best. So, what kinds of plants repel mosquitoes? All types of plants can work as an effective natural mosquito deterrent, including herbs, flowers, grasses and even houseplants. Let’s get started learning more about using plants that serve several purposes, such as being attractive, spicing up your food, and serving as a natural mosquito repellent.

Plants That Repel Insects: Ornamental Flowers

You can add color and beauty around your patio, porch, gazebo or any other outdoor relaxation spot by planting these common ornamental plants in your flower beds. These plants can help repel mosquitoes around your favorite outdoor living spaces.

Citronella Geranium

Citronella is probably one of the most common plants thought of when you think of mosquito-repellant plants. Many people wonder: Do citronella plants work? They are called the mosquito plant, and they give off a scent mosquitoes don’t like. And they are effective in repelling mosquitoes in small areas. Citronella geraniums do contain citronella, but it is not used to extract oil for commercial purposes. These plants do produce lovely lavender-colored flowers that can dress up your flower beds or add color to your patio or deck, while keeping mosquitoes away. Whether you grow citronella plants in containers or in your flower beds, they need an area with well-drained soil and full sun. You can grow them as an annual or dig them up and bring them indoors in winter. They are hardy in United States Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11.


Alliums are hardy bulbs that produce dramatic balls of purple, blue, yellow or pink flowers atop stiff, upright stems. Many species bloom in spring — just in time to help repel mosquitoes. You can plant alliums from seed in spring or fall, or plant bulbs in fall. They need a spot with full sun to light shade and well-drained soil. You can plant them in a flowerbed or mingle them in with your plants in the vegetable garden to ward off pesky insects such as mosquitoes, as well as:

  • Aphids
  • Slugs
  • Cabbage worms

These resilient plants grow well in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Some species reseed readily, while others you can divide in late summer. It’s best to start alliums from bulb instead of seed. Bulbs grown from seed can take up to 4 years to flower.


Chrysanthemums, or mums for short, are long-blooming, easy-to-care-for flowers that are a natural mosquito remedy. Mums are great flowers to plant along a border or in a cottage garden and look great in container on or near your porch or patio in full sun. Annual mums grow up to 3 feet tall and have daisy-like blooms in shades of yellow, pink, red and white, some with two-toned petals. They bloom from spring through frost. Perennial mums are shrubby plants with daisy-like flowers in shades of yellow, orange, lavender and white. They grow up to 5 feet tall and bloom from summer through late fall in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Along with mosquitoes, mums repel other outdoor insect pests, such as:

  • Ants
  • Silver fish
  • Ticks
  • Fleas
  • Spider mites

You can use them in flower beds or near your vegetable garden to repel insects that nibble at your fresh veggies.


Not everyone likes the scent of marigolds, and mosquitoes don’t either. Marigolds grow almost anywhere as long as they have full sun and moist soil. These hard-working annuals have an upright growing habit with an abundance of blooms in yellow, orange or rusty-red. Plant marigolds as edging, borders, in containers or intermingled with your other garden plants. They grow up to 3 feet tall and bloom from summer through frost, and help repel mosquitoes as well as:

  • Aphids
  • Root-knot nematodes
  • Rabbits

They are hardy perennials in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10.

Floss Flowers

Floss flowers, also known as ageratum, are attractive annuals with flowers that range in color from pink and white to the palest blue and deepest violet. These natural mosquito-repellent plants form tight mounds that make them ideal for edging and borders. They grow in all USDA hardiness zones as long they have full sun. They adapt well to all types of soil. They bloom from spring through frost, so use them in your flower gardens near your patio, porch, deck or other sitting areas outdoors.

Mosquito Control Plants: Carnivorous

Pitcher Plant

The pitcher plant, also known as trumpet leaf, doesn’t repel mosquitoes; it attracts and eats them and uses them as nutrients to grow. It’s often grown as a curiosity plant because of its insectivorous nature. Pitcher plants are often grown in baskets you hang near your porch or patio and in plant stands you can set out on your deck or patio. The flowers are green with purpled- veined hooded pitchers, growing up to 4 feet long. They grow well in sun to light shade. They like wet soil, and do well in damp spots and bog gardens. Choose an area where they will get plenty of moisture, or just grow them in baskets and hang them near you outdoors. Other carnivorous plants you can grow to repel mosquitoes include:

  • Drosera, which attracts insects with its scent and uses an acid to dissolve them once they land on its flowers.
  • Venus flytraps, which eat many types of insects, including mosquitoes. They only eat a few insects week, and they are tropical plants.

You can grow carnivorous plants indoors as houseplants to catch a mosquito that makes its way indoors.

Herbs That Repel Mosquitoes

Many herbs have dual purposes. You can use them to spice up your meals, treat ailments and even as a way to keep mosquitoes away. Let’s look at the best natural mosquito repellents among these plants.


Rosemary not only adds flavor to your favorite roasted meats, it’s also a natural mosquito repellent plant. You can grow rosemary as a perennial, evergreen shrub for borders, hedgerows, and even creeping varieties in hanging baskets. Rosemary’s small, pale-blue flowers and spiky leaves complement your garden and make it an interesting plant. You can grow rosemary as a perennial in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 through 10 and as an annual in other areas. It needs full sun and well-drained soil.


Mint’s sweet smell is pleasing to humans but not to mosquitoes. These spreading perennials are grown for culinary use and as ornamental plants for their variegated leaf forms. They produce tiny pink, white or purple spiky flowers and grow up to 36 inches high. Mint is hardiest in USDA plant zones 8 through 10 and can become invasive, so be careful where you plant them. They need full sun to part shade and bloom in summer.


Another spice with a dual purpose, basil not only tastes great in your favorite dishes but it also gives off a strong scent that repels mosquitoes. It’s a bushy annual you can grow in a flowerbed near a patio, porch or other outdoor sitting areas. Basil’s lovely green leaves balance well with colored flowers. You can also grow basil in containers and place them near you when you’re outdoors. Basil grows in moist, well-drained soil and full sun, and because it’s annual, it grows in all regions.


Lavender gives off a scent that is calming to humans but repels mosquitoes and other pests. It is a hardy perennial often grown as an annual. Lavender looks great when grown as a border and in containers. The plant’s tiny tubular flowers in shades of blue or purple are a perfect addition to your flower beds or as container plan to add color to and a nice fragrance to your patio or deck. Lavender is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, but you can grow it in other regions as an annual. It needs full sun and ordinary soil, and blooms in late spring through summer. Other mosquito-repelling herbs you can add to your garden include:

  • Lemon balm
  • Lemon thyme
  • Garlic
  • Clove
  • Lemon grass

Plants alone can’t protect your entire yard from these pests, but they can help keep mosquitoes away in small areas where the plants are located. To protect your entire yard, you need to use a combination approach that includes plants and other safe mosquito repellants. Let’s look at other options for how to repel mosquitoes less naturally.

Mosquito Misting Stations

Mosquito misting stations work by using a time-released sprayer to release a fine mist of an insecticide to kill mosquitoes. These systems include spray nozzles you can mount on fencing or poles around the perimeter of your home.

While misting systems work to control mosquitoes, they have some disadvantages:

  • The insecticide used also kills beneficial insects, such as honeybees, butterflies, and lady bugs.
  • People and pets can be exposed to the insecticides.
  • One of the common insecticides used, permethrin, is toxic to fish.
  • Using these systems can lead to insecticide-resistant mosquitoes.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends Integrated Pest Management (IPM), which includes using a variety of pest management solutions in and around the home. For mosquito control, this would include:

  • Getting rid of standing water to prevent breeding and kill larvae
  • Using plants in your garden or on patios that repel mosquitoes
  • Using mosquito-repellant sprays or lotions that contain DEET to prevent mosquito bites

If you want a safe, all-natural approach to mosquito control, IPM is the best solution. This way you can use a variety of safe mosquito control methods to repel or kill mosquito without harming your family, pets, beneficial insects, other wildlife or the environment. There are a variety of safe options for controlling mosquitoes. One of those is the mosquito trap.

Mosquito Traps

Mosquito Magnet® Traps are safe alternatives to misting systems. They do not emit potentially harmful insecticides. They protect a large outdoor area of up to an acre.

Mosquito traps are a long-term solution and are scientifically proven to be safe and effective for controlling mosquitoes. Mosquito Magnet® offers a choice of different models:

  • Executive
  • Independence
  • Patriot

Let’s take a look at how they work.

  1. Traps convert propane to CO2 that is mixed with a precise level of heat, moisture and a secondary attractant.
  2. When mosquitoes are drawn to the trap, a vacuum sucks them in a net.
  3. Once in the net, the mosquitoes are trapped. They dehydrate and die within 24 hours.
  4. Every 21 days you change the propane tank and net

Mosquito traps begin to work immediately, but it can take up to 4 weeks to break the mosquito breeding cycle. Plan to set the trap up and get it working in spring. Mosquitoes become active once the outdoor temperature warms to 50°F, so you want your trap up and running before temperatures warm to protect your entire yard all season long.

The Best Solution to Mosquito Headaches

Mosquito traps are an investment for homeowners who want to protect their family against the potentially dangerous diseases spread by pesky mosquitoes. You don’t have to give up your outdoor activities and entertaining when you have a mosquito control system such as traps that can greatly reduce pest populations around your home. Check out the mosquito traps available from Mosquito Magnet®. You can find the trap that best fits your budget and your mosquito control needs. The traps come with a come with a one-year warranty. Don’t let mosquitoes keep you indoors this summer. Start using IPM methods that offer the safest, most effective mosquito control for your entire yard.

11 Plants That Repel Mosquitoes (Video)

Warmer weather means we can take advantage of outdoor activities like backyard BBQ’s, swimming and gardening. You shouldn’t have to worry about pesky mosquitoes putting a damper on your outdoor enjoyment—instead, consider growing these plants and flowers in your garden to keep mosquitoes away naturally.

Basil Basil is a great addition to any garden, not only for cooking, but also because it is a natural mosquito repellent. Certain varieties such as lemon or cinnamon have a more potent smell, increasing the results. Basil
Catnip While some see catnip as a way to stimulate our feline friends, it is actually 10 times more effective than DEET at repelling mosquitoes. Catnip
Citronella Grass Citronella is the go-to option when it comes to natural mosquito repellent, as its oil is used to make many name-brand insect repellents. Citronella Grass
Lavender Gardeners love lavender because it has an amazing smell and attracts favorable insects and birds, which dine on mosquitoes. If that wasn’t reason enough, lavender also has anti-bacterial and stress-relieving benefits when brewed in tea. Lavender
Lemon Balm Also known as horse-mint, this hardy plant requires very little care. Not only does lemon balm repel mosquitoes, it can also help to sooth cold sores and acne, and relieve stress and pain. Lemon Balm
Lemon-Scented Eucalyptus This Australian native is the only natural mosquito repellent on this list with a blessing from the CDC. The only issue is it doesn’t do well in the cold, so be careful in the winter. Lemon-Scented Eucalyptus
Lemon Thyme This repellent requires you to rub the leaves onto your skin. Lemon thyme also produces an amazing aroma, and can be used in dishes calling for lemon or thyme. Lemon Thyme
Marigolds Marigolds are a common flower, easy to care for and look great. Marigolds repel many insects, and according to our Facebook community, can repel rabbits as well! Marigolds
Neem Tests have shown neem to be 10 times more effective at repelling mosquitoes than DEET. To grow neem in the US, ensure the tree is never colder than 30° F or below. Neem
Peppermint This plant can spread quickly across your garden, and is easy to maintain. In addition to repelling mosquitoes, peppermint helps with digestive issues, concentration and flavoring teas or cooking dishes. Peppermint
Rosemary This herb is commonly planted for its aroma, taste and health benefits. Boil it in water to use it as a spray repellent. Rosemary

We hope this guide helps you repel mosquitoes in your outdoor space. Remember, when dealing with new and unfamiliar plants, it is always a good idea to do your own research and be careful. Natural does not always mean safe.

Learn more about naturally repelling mosquitos.

For information on mosquito services available in your area, please contact us today.

Fact or fiction? Lemongrass and lavender are an effective form of natural mosquito control

The August 20th was World Mosquito Day, marking the 1897 discovery by British doctor Sir Ronald Ross that it’s the female Anopheles mosquitoes which transmit Malaria. This finding provided the foundation for scientists across the world to better understand the deadly role of mosquitoes in disease transmission. Our Monday blog post looked at the scientific advancements being made in the global fight for mosquito control. Today we thought we’d look at some methods of natural mosquito control, and investigate whether they are at all effective.

Natural mosquito control?

For those of us lucky enough to live in places where mosquitoes are just extremely annoying rather than actually life-threatening, there is a saying that goes ‘If you think you’re too small to make a difference, try spending the night with a mosquito.’ Whilst I think the purpose of this saying is meant to be inspiring, it really does highlight just how much of an irritation this tiny pest can be, easily ruining a good night’s sleep. And let’s not start on the vicious cycle of itching if you start scratching the bites …

As the parent of a young child, I prefer to look for “natural” control remedies for pest problems in my home first, rather than immediately resorting to a chemical solution. Of course, working for a pest control company I’m well aware that for serious pest infestations, sometimes only a visit from the experts in pest control will do, but as we head towards summer, I wanted to know whether I should be stocking up on those lavender and lemongrass candles. Can they really keep mosquitoes away?

I turned to my old friend Google to answer this question and to try and understand what – if anything – in lemongrass, lavender, citronella etc repels mosquitoes, and if so, why.

Fact or fiction?

First stop, Horticulture: the Art and Science of Smart Gardening which told me that lemongrass contains citronella, a natural oil that repels mosquitoes. They also suggested planting catnip, rosemary and pennyroyal, as these herbs contain other oils that repel mosquitoes. But that didn’t answer my question in its entirety: WHY do these natural oils repel mosquitoes?

The National Pesticide Information Center explained that citronella repels mosquitoes by masking scents that mosquitoes are naturally attracted to, which in turn makes it difficult for mosquitoes to locate food. Mosquitoes find their human hosts by sensing the carbon dioxide we breathe out. But when they get close they locate sites for feeding by detecting volatile chemicals given off by human skin. Citronella masks carbon dioxide and lactic acid in humans, two scents that are attractive to mosquitoes.

Further investigating also yielded this fact: lavender oil contains up to 25% linalool. Linalool is a terpenoid alcohol that contributes to its scent. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, linalool is also an active ingredient in more than a dozen registered products used to control mosquitoes outside.

Studies show that linalool has the same effect on mosquito olfactory receptors as diethyltoluamide (DEET), a chemical used in many conventional mosquito repellents. Another study found geraniol, the active compound in geranium oil, was actually more effective at repelling mosquitoes than linalool or even citronella.

Therefore, although lavender oil does repel mosquitoes, its effectiveness may be enhanced when used in combination with other oils such as geranium. Lavender oil (like all essential oils) should be diluted with a carrier oil before using on the skin to avoid irritation.

The verdict

Based on the above, I think it’s safe to say that these natural plant oils offer some protection against mosquitoes. However, for areas in which mosquito-borne illnesses are present, it’s better to be safe than sorry and to rely on a layered approach towards protecting oneself from mosquito bites. The US Centre for Disease Control (CDC) recommends insect repellant be rubbed on any part of the skin that is not covered by clothes, coupled with the taking of antimalarial drugs when travelling through malaria areas.

Additional tips for preventing mosquito bites:

  • Wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and a hat when you are outdoors.
  • Spray insect repellent on your clothes for extra protection.
  • Sleep in a well-screened or air-conditioned room
  • Mosquitoes mostly bite at night (dusk until dawn). Sleep under a permethrin-treated mosquito bed net.
  • Stay indoors during the times biting mosquitoes are most active (dusk until dawn).

A few additional things you can do around your home to prevent these biting pests:

  • Use natural mosquito control products – they do work! Try natural repellents like citronella, lemongrass, peppermint oil, lemon eucalyptus oil, witch hazel, garlic, lavender and vanilla extract.
  • Keep windows closed. After dark, keep windows and doors closed or block out the light with curtains.
  • Insect screens. Fit fly screens to windows.
  • Cover standing water. Cover water butts with well fitting lids to prevent mosquito larvae in the water.
  • Eliminate standing water. Do not leave water standing in watering cans etc as this gives mosquitoes a good place to breed.
  • Encourage natural predators. If you have a garden pond, think about getting some goldfish as they eat mosquito larvae – providing natural mosquito control.

Whilst prevention is always better than cure, there are occasions when one has to resort to pesticides. There are many D-I-Y and natural mosquito control products available to get rid of mosquitoes in low-risk areas. It is, however, essential to follow the instructions carefully for safe and effective use.

If in doubt, or for frequent recurrences of the problem, call a professional pest control company such as Rentokil.

When spring arrives so do those annoying mosquitoes. Instead of going the chemical route with insect repellent, here is a collection of deet-free mosquito repellent plants to make mosquito control more natural.

The mosquito bite and the diseases it carries has links to the West Nile Virus and the Zika virus.

Let’s get started with our list of plants that repel mosquitoes

Basil – Ocimum americanum – the essential oils are extracted and used as a spray to repel mosquitoes. It has also makes an effective repellent when grown nearby.

Bee Balm – Monarda – is a beautiful flowering plant that attracts hummingbirds and, of course, bees. It is also very effective used as a mosquito repellent, when the leaves are crushed and the fragrant oils are released.

Cadaga Tree – Eucalyptus torelliana – can repel mosquitoes simply by being planted in an area where mosquitoes are not wanted. The scent from the tree acts as a barrier to repel mosquitoes.

Catmint – Nepeta faassenii – is very effective at keeping mosquitoes away. It is even better than commercial bug sprays at keeping the pests away. Simply, cut off the flowers and boil them to make a spray. Read more…

Catnip – Nepeta cataria – is an effective mosquito repellent. One of its main active ingredients, nepetalactone, was found to be 10X stronger than even DEET in a recent study. It is a good non-toxic alternative to traditional chemical sprays. More…

Cedars – Thuja species – Many repellent products contain cedar oil as one of its active ingredients to repel mosquitoes as well as other insect pests. More…

Citronella Grass – Cymbopogon nardus – This is one of the best plants that keep mosquitoes away. The plant when crushed, releases an oil. This oil can be placed directly on the skin to act as a natural insect repellent, or mixed with other oils and liquids to make mosquito repellants. More…

Clove – Syzygium aromaticum – a natural mosquito repellent plant you can use as a planting around the yard or use the oil from the clove to repel mosquitoes quickly. Recipe…

Floss Flower – Ageratum – Coumarin, which is secreted by ageratum, is found extensively in the manufacture mosquito repellents. Mosquitoes find the odor offensive. Growing well in partial or full sun with requiring rich soil. More…

Garlic – Allium sativum – is a natural way to repel mosquitoes. One way to use it is to cut up garlic and sprinkle it around your outdoor living areas. A yard spray can also be made. Garlic can even be mixed with natural aromatic oils in order to create a mosquito repelling body spray. More…

Lavender – Lavandula angustifolia – Even though lavender is a smell often enjoyed by humans, lavender repels mosquitoes because mosquitoes dislike the scent lavender gives off. It can be planted in gardens or made into oil and applied to the skin or mixed with other oils to keep mosquitoes away. More…

Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis – Lemon balm is a herb in the mint family that has a variety of uses like in flavoring in herbal teas. Make a quick mosquito repellent, by crushing a handful of leaves and rubbing on your exposed skin. Grow them in the garden for easy access when you need them. More…

Lemon Grass – Cymbopogon citrates – containing citronella, a natural oil that repels mosquitoes. Lemon grass is used in Southeast Asia to flavor things such as chicken. In India, it is used as an anti-inflammatory medicine. Lemongrass has a wonderful aroma so that it is often used in perfumes and other toiletries. More…

Lemon Scented Geranium – Pelargonium crispum – can be added to your landscape to allow you access to a natural mosquito repellent. When the leaves are crushed, they emit a strong lemony smell. The crushed leaves can be spread around your living area to keep mosquitoes at bay. More…

Lemon Thyme – Thymus vulgaris – repels mosquitoes naturally. Mosquitoes tend to hate their citrus smell. Crush a few parts of this plant and rub on the body to keep these harmful bugs away. Make sure that your skin can tolerate the oil before applying to larger areas of the body. More…

Lemon Verbena – Aloysia triphylla – is a perennial plant you can plant in your garden, doorways, and windows in order to repel mosquitoes. It has an aromatic, fresh lemon scent. The plant’s oils can also be applied to the body to ward off bugs. More…

Mexican Marigold – Tagetes lucida – the scent of marigolds is offensive to most people and mosquitoes. You can grow it in your yard using a well-drained soil or cut the flowers off and keep them around the house to keep mosquitoes from visiting. More…

Eucalyptus – Natural oil from the eucalyptus tree repels insects such as mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks, midges, stable flies and more. Formulas are made to be gentle to the skin. More…

Nodding Onion – Allium cernuum – Juices can be extracted from allium cernuum via grinding or blending. This juice is highly proficient in repelling mosquitoes and can be directly applied on to the skin. The allium cernuum is not an irritant and is not known for any sort of reaction. Details…

Mint – Mentha – usually grown in gardens to flavor tea. However, mint also repels mosquitoes and you can make your own repellent with mint! All species of mint, both wild and cultivated, contain aromatic properties repulsive to insects. More…

Pineapple weed – Matricaria matricarioides – the aroma of pineapple. The weed can be dried or used fresh to prepare an interesting tea. Matricaria matricariodes’ buds can be used to add an interesting twist to salads. More…

Pitcher Plant – Nepenthes alata – it is actually a carnivorous plant that is similar to a Venus Fly Trap. Except this little beauty gobbles up mosquitoes. Simply, plant this in your yard and watch it work. More…

Wormwood – Artemisia – strong but natural way to ward away mosquitoes. Crush up wormwood leaves and distribute around your outdoor living ways in order to effectively keep these nasty insects away. More…

Rosemary – Rosmarinus officinalis – can be planted in your garden in order to control mosquito infestation. It can also be mixed into various formulas and lotions to act as a mosquito repellent for the body. Recipe…

Snowbrush – Ceonothus velutinus – is a plant that can be used in your landscape in order to keep mosquitoes away but considered a weed in most areas. More…

Sweet Fern – Comptonia peregrina – is a natural herb that has many uses. To fight mosquitoes away you can place some Sweetfern into a fire to keep the little bugs away from the fire and the surrounding area. Also can be used as an essential oil spray. More…

Tansy – Tanacetum vulgare – used for a variety of health problems, as it helps increase blood and saliva flow. Tansy can be used as a bug repellent around your home. More…

Tea Tree – Melaleuca – We have long used Tea Tree oil on our animals, as well as ourselves. The scent is too strong for any bugs to get near, and it also does wonders on irritations to bugs or the environment. It is great and natural! But toxic, so be careful. More…

Vanilla Leaf – Achlys triphylla – used by native tribes as an insect repellant. First crush and apply by rubbing mosquito-repellent plants like vanilla leaf on your skin. More…

Wild Bergamot – Mondarda fistulosa – can be used to repel mosquitoes but it must first be diluted with water because the plant itself can irritate the skin. Also you should test the plant on your skin in small amounts first to test for allergic reactions. More…

Stone root – Collinsonia canadensis – a tall plant that is similar to mint, in fact it is in the same family. It is easy to grow and can be made into a mosquito repellent when crushed and boiled. More…

Natural Mosquito Repellent Plants That Deter Mosquitoes

All of these plants are advised to be grown near walkways or outside sitting areas as a fence. Because, insects do not die from these plants, but also don’t tend to go near them. Such planting will create “grass plant fence” which will guard you from insects. However, this method will not be efficient for flying insects, as they can just fly over your fence.


As we have reached the spring season when we start cultivating our gardens and planning layout of our landscapes. We should consider including some of the above-mentioned natural mosquito repellent plants like citronella grass and lemon grass plant in order to achieve insect-free backyard. Instead of using chemical insect repellents, we can choose less toxic and eco-friendlier ways on how to deter mosquitoes from our gardens.

All plants discussed in this article will help you to keep mosquitoes away. Some of them are more efficient than others, but all of them have some ability to repel insects. But in order to get the best results, here are some tips on enhancing their natural repelling abilities.

Plant them near your patio, deck and any living space you spend a lot of time at, and next to entrances so that insects do not approach areas where you are spending a lot of time, or so that they do not enter your home. Lemon grass is the most popular plant to be used. But it is not only used as an outdoor insect repellent plant because it can also be used for cooking, as some other of the plants also can be used as herbs in culinary. Also, many of these plants have beneficial qualities and are used in medicine for numerous illnesses. Some of them more serious and others not no much, for example, headache. Not to mention the use of lemon grass and citronella in beauty, as a part of aromatherapy or as a compound to beauty products.

But if you want to reach the maximum effectiveness, and make sure that insects will not be ruining your leisure time in a garden, here are some extra tips on how to ensure your garden is insect-free. Firstly you should get rid of any still water standing around your garden because insects and mosquitoes enjoy humid environment and breed in water. Getting rid of any water also implements that all outdoor faucets that are dripping should be fixed. Also if you have any birdbaths, you should clean them regularly to ensure that water is clean, because mosquitoes do not like clean water. In addition, whenever you have empty pots or containers, turn them upside down to ensure that water isn’t accumulating in them.

As we can sense that all insects and pests are very sensitive to certain smells and specific aromas. For example, citrusy aroma and very spicy scents. Therefore all these insects repelling plants have that in common. So if you do not want to spend a lot of time gardening, but still do prefer the natural insect repellent options, you can use products manufactured from these plants. You can also purchase garden candles that have citronella in them. These candles have gained extreme popularity as they are natural and do deter insects from your garden. Additionally, more and more natural sprays are available, without chemicals in them, manufactured from above-mentioned insect deterring plants.

All in all, if you want to enjoy summer weather outside, but don’t want to be using chemicals to protect yourself from insects, there is a solution. Explore the world of natural insect repellents, and you will be surprised by their variety and efficiency.

Cymbopogon citratus
(citronella grass)

Top of page

Abe S, Sato Y, Inoue S, Ishibashi H, Maruyama N, Takizawa T, Oshima H, Yamaguchi H, 2003. Anti Candida albicans activity of essential oils including lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) oil and its component, citral. Japanese Journal of Medical Mycology, 44(4):285-291.

Albo GN, Henning C, Ringuelet J, Reynaldi FJ, Giusti MRD, Alippi AM, 2003. Evaluation of some essential oils for the control and prevention of American foul brood disease in honey bees. Apidologie, 34(5):417-427.

Andrade BOC, Rodriguez POS, 2002. Assessment of efficiency of vegetative barriers as soil conservation systems on steep lands. Bioagro, 14(3):123-133.

Anon, 1981. Annual Report 1980-81. Lucknow, India: Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 68.

Ashrafuzzaman MH, Khan AR, Howlider AR, 1990. In vitro effect of lemongrass oil and crude extracts of some higher plants on Rhizoctonia solani. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology, 6(1-2):17-18

Beech DF, 1990. The effect of carrier and rate of nitrogen application on the growth and oil production of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) in the Ord Irrigation Area, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 30(2):243-250.

Berlin B, Breedlove DE, Raven PH, 1974. Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification. An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan Speaking People of Highland Chiapas. New York, USA: Acad. Press.

Bidla G, Titanji VPK, Joko B, Ghazali GE, Bolad A, Berzins K, 2004. Antiplasmodial activity of seven plants used in African folk medicine. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 36(4):245-246.

Bose TK, Kabir J, Das P, Joy PP, 2001. Tropical horticulture. Volume 2. Tropical horticulture. Volume 2, 771 pp.

Cardona VMP, 1999. Rust of lemon grass, a new disease in Colombia and South America. Fitopatologia Colombiana, 23(1/2):43-44.

Chandra V, Singh B, Singh A, 1970. Observation on growth and yield of oil of C. winterianus at Lucknow. Indian Perfumer, 14:32-35.

Chisowa EH, Hall DR, Farman DI, 1998. Olatile constituents of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf grown in Zambia. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 13(1):29-30.

Cimanga K, Apers S, Bruyne Tde, Miert Svan, Hermans N, TottT J, Pieters L, Vlietinck AJ, Kambu K, Tona L, 2002. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants growing in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 14(5):382-387; 34 ref.

Cimanga K, Kambu K, Tona L, Apers S, Bruyne T, Hermans N, Totte J, Pieters L, Vlietinck AJ, 2002. Correlation between chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants growing in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 79(2):213-220.

Covich AP, Nickerson NH, 1966. Studies of cultivated plants in Choco dwelling clearings, Darien, Panama. Econ. Bot., 20, 285-301.

CSIR, 1950. The Wealth of India. A dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. (Raw Materials 2. New Delhi, India: Council Scientific Industrial Research.

Detpiratmongkol S, Ubolkerd T, Yousukyingsatapron S, 2005. Effects of irrigation frequencies and amounts on growth and yield of local lemongrass cultivar. Proceedings of 43rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Thailand, 1-4-February, Subject: Plants, 632-640.

Dubey NK, Kishore N, Varma J, Lee SY, 1997. Cytotoxicity of the essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Ocimum gratissimum. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 59(5):263-264.

Duhan SPS, Gulati BC, 1973. Chemical weed control studies in Cymbopogon winterianus citronella java type: Effect of 2, 4-D on control of weeds, herb and oil yield. Indian Perfumer, 17:1-9.

Duke JA, Vasquez R, 1994. Amazonian ethnobotanical dictionary. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Dumri K, Lertsiri S, 2005. Pro-oxidative activity in some Thai spices, Acta Horticulturae, (680):25-29.

Edris AE, Mahmoud SYM, 2003. Relationship between certain volatile components of lemongrass oil and its antiviral activities against bean yellow mosaic potyvirus. Bulletin of the National Research Centre Cairo, 28(3):289-299.

Esquivel M, Castiñeiras L, Knüpffer H, Hammer K, 1989. A checklist of cultivated plants of Cuba. Kulturpflanze 37, 211-357.

Farooqi AA, Khan MM, Vasundhara M, 1999. Production Technology of Medicinal and Aromatic crops, Bangalore, India: Natural Remedies Pvt Ltd.

Farooqi AA, Sreeramu BS, 2001. Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press (India) Ltd.

Figueiredo RO, Delachiave MEA, Ming LC, 2002. Effect of growth regulators on citral content in lemongrass in different seasons. Acta Horticulturae, (569):47-50.

Figueiredo RO, Delachiave MEA, Ming LC, 2006. Growth regulators in biomass production and essential oil in Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf, in different seasons. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 8(3):31-35.

Gade DW, 1975. Plants, man and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru. (Biogeographica 6). The Hague, Netherlands: Junk Publ.

Graveson RS, 2012. Survey of invasive alien plant species on Gros Piton, Saint Lucia. Survey of invasive alien plant species on Gros Piton, Saint Lucia. Castries, Saint Lucia: Department of Forestry.

Hammer K, Dzae RJ, Hoang HD, 1990. Additional notes to the check-list of Korean cultivated plants (4). Kulturpflanze 38, 173-190.

Handa SS, Kaul MK, 1997. Supplement to cultivation and utilization of aromatic plants, India: CSIR, RRL, Jammu-Tawi.

Handique AK, Gupta RK, et al, 1984. Variations of oil content in lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) as influenced by seasonal changes and its genetic aspects. Indian Perfumer, 28(1):54-63.

Humphrey AM, 1973. The chromatography of the spice oils. Proc. Info. Conf. Spices, London, Tropical Prod. Inst., 123-128.

Husain A, Virmani OP, Sharma A, Kumar A, Misra LN, 1988. Major essential oil-bearing plants of India. Lucknow, India; Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 237 pp.

Jagadishchandra KS, 1975. Recent studies on Cymbopogon Spreng. (aromatic grasses) with special reference to Indian taxa cultivation and ecology. A review. Journal of Plantation Crops, 3:1-5.

Jagadishchandra KS, 1975. Recent studies on Cymbopogon Spreng. (aromatic grasses) with special reference to Indian taxa. taxonomy, cytogenetics, chemistry, and scope. Journal of Plantation Crops, 3:43-57.

Joy PP, Mathew S, Skaria BP, Mathew G, 2007. Development of lemongrass oleoresin for flavouring. Final Report of ICAR Cess Fund Scheme, Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, Asamannoor PO, Kerala, India.

Joy PP, Skaria BP, l Mathew S, Mathew G, Joseph A, Sreevidya PP, 2006. Lemongrass. Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, Asamannoor, Kerala, India.

Khan, 1979. Integrated Plantation and Propagation to Expedite Development of Export Oriented Agro-based Industries. Chittagong, Bangladesh: BCSIR Laboratories.

Khattak S, RehmanS, Shah HU, Khan T, Ahmad M, 2005. In vitro enzyme inhibition activities of crude ethanolic extracts derived from medicinal plants of Pakistan. Natural Product Research, 19(6):567-571.

Koike ST, Molinar RH, 1999. Rust disease on lemongrass in California. Plant Disease, 83(3):304; 2 ref.

Kokwaro JO, 1979. Classification of East African Crops. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Literature Bureau.

Krishnamurthy YL, Hemalatha TV, 2003. Isolation of endophytic fungi from some grasses. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 33(2):305-306.

Leal TCAB, Freitas SP, Silva JF, Carvalho AJC, 2003. Production of biomass and essential oil in plants of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf) of various ages. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 5(2):61-64.

Leung AY, Foster S, 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics, Canada. A Wiley Interscience Publication, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Luize PS, Tiuman TS, Morello LG, Maza PK, Nakamura TU, Filho BPD, Cortez DAG, Mello JCP, Nakamura CV, 2005. Effects of medicinal plant extracts on growth of Leishmania (L.) amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, 41(1):85-94.

Madia M, Gaetan S, 2004. Aromatic Poaceae, hosts of Phoma sorghina in Argentina. Fitopatologia, 39(3):119-125.

Mandal D, De GC, 2005. Studies on herbal herbicides in controlling weeds in rapeseed and mustard. Journal of Interacademicia, 9(2):292-295.

Mar Mar Nyein, Win Myint, Mu Mu Sein Myint, Mya Bwin, Tin Aye, 1996. Antibacterial properties of essential oils from six medicinal plants. Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, 8(2):62-65; 12 ref.

McKenzie EHC, Dingley JM, 1996. New plant disease records in New Zealand: miscellaneous fungal pathogens III. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 34(2):263-272; 10 ref.

Mishra LN, Pathak RA, Pandey AK, Pratap B, 2001. Effect of various mulches on the conservation of soil moisture in aonla + guava cropping system. South Indian Horticulture, 49(Special):367-369.

Mishra LN, Pathak RA, Pandey AK, Pratap B, Singh SK, 2002. Effect of various mulches on the physico-chemical properties of the sodic soil under aonla+guava cropping system. Annals of Agricultural Research, 23(3):377-380.

Moawad SS, 2003. Effect of intercropping potato crop with some medicinal and ornamental plants on insect infestations. Bulletin of the National Research Centre, Cairo, 28(3):337-346.

Muhammad Saleem, Nighat Afza, Anwar MA, Hai SMA, Ali MS, Shahida Shujaat, Atta-ur-Rahman, 2003. Chemistry and biological significance of essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus from Pakistan. Natural Product Research, 17(3):159-163; 19 ref.

Nair EVG, Nair KC, Chinnamma MP, 1979. Field Experiments with micronutrients on the yield of grass, oil and citral content of oil of East Indian lemongrass (C. flexuosus var. OD-19). Indian Perfumer, 23:55-58.

Nelkin JB, Schuch UK, 2004. Retractable roof greenhouse production of basil (Ocimum basilicum) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) in a semi-arid climate. Acta Horticulturae, 659(1):113-120.

Nguefack J, Budde BB, Jakobsen M, 2004. Five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon:their antibacterial activity and ability to permeabilize the cytoplasmic membrane of Listeria innocua examined by flow cytometry. Lett Appl Microbiol, 39(5):395-400.

Nguefack J, Leth V, Zollo PHA, Mathur SB, 2004. Evaluation of five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon for controlling food spoilage and mycotoxin-producing fungi. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 94(3):329-334.

Nguefack J, Somda I, Mortensen CN, Zollo PHA, 2005. Evaluation of five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon for controlling seed-borne bacteria of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Science and Technology, 33(2):397-407.

Nham, Thoi N, 1993. Medicinal and aromatic plants in Vietnam. In: Chomchalow N, Henle HV, eds. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Asia: Breeding and Improvement. Lebanon: Science Publ., RAPA Publication 1993/19, 185-196.

Noel B, Amrine J, Kovacs A, 2002. Organic treatment IPM for honey bee mites. American Bee Journal, 142(5):359-361; 16 ref.

Ntonifor NN, Ngufor CA, Kimbi HK, Oben BO, 2006. Traditional use of indigenous mosquito-repellents to protect humans against mosquitoes and other insect bites in a rural community of Cameroon. East African Medical Journal, 83(10):553-558.

Oparaeke AM, 2006. Field screening of nine plant extracts for the control of post-flowering insect pests of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 39(3):225-230.

Osman SM, Radwan OM, 2004. Isolation and identification of active components in some plant extracts and their effect on Agrotis ipsilon (Hufn.). Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 14(1):181-185.

Palada MC, Mitchell JM, Becker BN, Nair PKR, 2005. The integration of medicinal plants and culinary herbs in agroforestry systems for the Caribbean:a study in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Acta Horticulturae, 676:147-153.

Pareek SK, Gupta R, 1985. On the status of agronomic research in Cymbopogon grasses in India with projections on future work. Indian Perfumer, 29 (3/4), 215-224.

Pauli FF, Opazo MAU, N=brega LHP, 2002. The study of the effects of repellent plants to insects in the corn seeds physiological quality stored in corn-cob through a statistic longitudinal analysis. Revista Brasileira de Produtos Agroindustriais, 4(2):167-174; 7 ref.

Pohl RW, 1980. Flora costaricensis. Fam. 15. Gramineae. Fieldiana, Bot. N.S. 4.

Prasad LK, Rao MSS, 1986. Effect of spacing and nitrogen on herbs yield of Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon flexuosus. Indian Perfumer, 30(4):457-460.

Pratibha G, Korwar GR, 2003. Crop diversification through medicinal, aromatic and dye yielding plants for sustainability in semi-arid regions. In: Mathur AK et al., eds. Proceedings of First National Interactive Meet on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 129-132.

Purseglove JW, 1972. Tropical Crops. Monocotyledons. Volume 1, Part 2. London, UK: Longman.

Ram M, Singh R, et al, 1997. Effect of salicylic acid on the yield and quality of essential oil in aromatic crops. journal of Medicinal and Aromatic plant Sciences, 19(1):24-27.

Ranade GS, 2004. Essential oil (Lemongrass oil). FAFAI J., 6(3):89.

Rao BRR, Chand S, Bhattacharya AK, Kaul PN, Singh CP, Singh K, 1998. Response of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) cultivars to spacings and NPK fertilizers under irrigated and rainfed conditions in semi- arid tropics. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 20(2):407-412.

Rao GN, Rao SJ, Ananthanarayanan K, Shahi SK, Patra M, Shukla AC, Dikshit A, 2005. Antifungal activity of some chemicals against human pathogenic fungi (Dermatophytes). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B, Biologica Sciences, 75(4):288-293.

Rao P, Rao G, Puttanna, Ramesh S, 2005. Significance of harvest intervals on oil content and citral accumulation in variety Krishna of Lemongrass. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 27(2):1-3.

Ravindran, P. N., 2017. Encyclopedia of herbs and spices

Rozzi NL, Phippen W, Simon JE, Singh RK, 2002. Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oil components from lemon scented botanicals. Lebensmittel Wissenschaft und Technologie, 35(4):319-324.

Sahoo S, Debata BK, 1995. Recent advances in breeding and biotechnology of aromatic plants. Cymbopogon species. Plant Breeding Abstracts, 65(12):1721-1731.

Salerno AR, Rebelo AM, 2006. Experimental cultivation and production of essential oils of aromatic species in Itajai, SC. Agropecuaria Catarinense, 19(2):47-49.

Sarma TC, Tridip Goswami, Goswami T, 1993. Plantation of certain fastgrowing tree species under short-rotation agro-forestry system for production of biomass for paper pulp. Advances in Forestry Research in India, 9: 19-34; 15 ref.

Sevignani A, Jacomassi E, 2003. Survey of medicinal plants and their application in the country village “Serra dos Dourados” – Umuarama/PR. Arquivos de Ciencias da Saude da UNIPAR, 7(1):27-31.

Shiva A, 1998. Methods of sustainable harvesting and value addition for economic uplift and biodiversity conservation. MFP News, 8(3):19-20.

Shivas RG, White JF, Irwin JAGJr, Blatch AJ, Whittle PJL, 1999. First record in Australia of Myriogenospora atramentosa on lemongrass and sugarcane. Australasian Plant Pathology, 28(4):336; 4 ref.

Silva AI, Santana CS, Pivato SCL, Maria CAB, Moreira RFA, 2006. Chlorogenic acid profile of commercial Brazilian herbal infusions. Sciences des Aliments, 26(2):173-180.

Singh D, Singh B, Singh A, 2002. Effects of SAR of irrigation water on the yield and quality attributes of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus). Progressive Agriculture, 2(2):160-162.

Singh M, 1997. Growth, herbage, oil yield, nitrogen uptake and nitrogen utilization efficiency of different cultivars of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) as affected by water regimes. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic plant Sciences, 19(3):695-699.

Singh M, 1999. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on herbage, oil yield and water use of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) on alfisols. Journal of agricultural science, 132(2):201-206.

Singh M, Rao RSG, Ramesh S, 1997. Irrigation and Nitrogen requirement of lemongrass on a red sandy loam soil under semiarid tropical conditions. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9(5):569-574.

Singh RS, 2000. Revegetation of coal mine overburden dump (OBD) slopes by aromatic grasses. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 22(1B):506-509.

Singh SA, Singh et al, 1999. Resource utilization efficiency, productivity and economics of traditional agricultural crops and aromatic crops under rain fed conditions of sub tropical North India. Journal of Medicinal and aromatic plant sciences, 21(4):972-977.

Soosairaj S, Britto SJ, Balaguru B, Natarajan D, Nagamurugan N, 2005. Habitat similarity and species distribution analysis in tropical forests of eastern ghats, Tamilnadu. Tropical-Ecology, 46(2):183-191.

Subrahmanyam KV, Gajanana TM, 2001. Economics of lemongrass cultivation and production of oil in Kerala. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic. Plant Sciences, 23(2):5-9.

Suyamto, Howeler RH, 2004. Cultural practices for soil erosion control in cassava-based cropping systems in Indonesia. In: Barker DH, Watson AJ, Sombatpanit S, Northcutt B, Maglinao AR, eds. Ground and Water Bioengineering for Erosion Control and Slope Stabilization. Enfield, New Hampshire, USA: Science Publishers, Inc, 291-297.

Thomas J, 1995. Lemongrass. In: Chadha KL, Rajendra Guptha. Advances in Horticulture Vol. II- Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. New Delhi, India: Malhotra Publishing House, 726.

Tomar OS, Minhas PS, 2004. Relative performance of aromatic grasses under saline irrigation. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 49(3):207-208.

Vida JB, Carvalho AAJr, Verzignassi JR, 2006. First report of the lemongrass rust fungi caused by Puccinia cymbopogonis in Brazil. Summa Phytopathologica, 32(1):89-91.

Weiss EA, 1997. Essential oil crops. Essential oil crops., xi + 600 pp.; .

Williams L, Home V, 1995. A comparative study of some essentials oils for potential use in topical applications for the treatment of the yeast Candida albicans. Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism, 7(3):57-62; 7 ref.

Williamson EM, Okpako DT, Evans FJ, 1996. Selection, Preparation and Pharmacological Evaluation of Plant Material. New York, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Wossa SW, Rali T, Leach DN, 2004. Analysis of essential oil composition of some selected spices of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 47(1/2):17-20.

Yadava AK, Singh K, 1996. Performance of the lemongrass Cymbopogon flexousus under poplar based agro forestry systems .Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 18(2):290-294.

Yang SY, Lei Y, 2005. Antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon citratus against utilized bacteria and fungus. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University Agricultural Science, 23(4):374-376, 382.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *