Cedars in the pines

Enlighten Yourself on the Different Types of Cedar Trees Out There

Cedar trees are among the different types of coniferous trees belonging to the Pine (Pinaceae) family. They are evergreen, with a luxurious growth of leaves on short side branches. Cedar trees normally grow on very high altitudes and in soils which retain moisture. There are different types of cedar trees that are found all over the Mediterranean and Himalayan mountainous regions.

Cedar trees are scientifically known as Cedrus. Different types of cedar trees are found in the mountainous regions, which have moist soil mixed with limestone. They grow well in an environment with abundant rainfall. Cedar trees are conical in shape, spanning approximately 50 feet in width, and growing up to a height of 30 – 40 feet.

About Cedar Trees

Cedar trees produce seeds that are clustered into conical shapes and emit a strong smell. They have flat sprigs that are full and dense, with yellow flowers blooming at the tip of the leaves. The leaves, shaped like needles, spread into four angles, growing on short side branches, and are colored silvery-blue or bluish-green. The cedar bark is usually reddish-brown in color. They have branches fanning out in all directions, and usually have split trunks.

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These trees produce durable, red-colored wood, used mainly for construction purposes. Evidences from Egyptian history indicate that the ancient Egyptians used cedar sawdust in the process of mummification. During the middle ages, cedar wood was used for making ships, weapons, boxes, bowls and baskets, and the bark was used for making blankets, capes or costumes. In the mountainous regions, cedar is even used as firewood. Cedar wood produces a toxic, natural oil, that has a spicy smell and is poisonous to insects and animals. Cedar trees are used for decorative purposes too, such as bonsai trees or plants planted on the sidelines of streets.

Varieties of Cedar Trees

True cedars are of four different types, viz., the Atlas Cedar, the Cedar of Lebanon, the Deodar Cedar, and the Cyprian Cedar. All of these produce an extremely durable quality of wood.

Atlas Cedar (Cedrus Atlantica): Atlas Cedars grow in the form of wide pyramids that are filled with needle-shaped evergreen leaves, and are mostly found in North Africa. The Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus Atlantica ‘Glauca’), which has stunning silvery-blue leaves, is the most commonly planted species. This type is not suitable for street planting. These cedars grow well in temperate climate, as they are not cold-hardy.

Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus Libani): Cedar of Lebanon is the most cold-hardy among the various cedar trees, and is equipped with a massive trunk, wide-spreading branches, and a dark-green foliage. There are minor morphological distinctions between Atlas Cedar and the Cedar of Lebanon, but these are not constant all over. The Cedar of Lebanon is an exceptional specimen amongst the whole Cedar family, however, it is not suitable for street planting.

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus Deodara): Deodar Cedar, also known as the Himalayan Cedar, is a pyramid-shaped tree with dense, soft-textured branches in a tiered, pendulum-like form. It has long leaves measuring between 2.5 to 5 cm. This type of cedar forms a bowed structure due to its low branches, which incline towards the ground. It is known by the striking shape it grows into, and interestingly enough, it is the fastest growing cedar tree.

Cyprian Cedar (Cedrus Brevifolia): The Cyprian Cedar is generally found in the mountainous regions of Turkey, Cyprus and Syria. This is a rare species of cedars, and can only be distinguished from the Cedar of Lebanon by the length of its leaves and the shape of its crown. The leaves of are smaller in length than those of the Cedar of Lebanon, and its crown is also umbrella-shaped as opposed to the pyramidal crown of the Cedar of Lebanon.

Besides these four kinds of True Cedars, there are some other coniferous trees which are termed as cedars but are not classified as True Cedars, although they bear significant resemblances with the former. These trees do not fall under the genus Cedrus. These include:

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus Virginiana): This one is found in the wilderness of the Eastern United States. Their needle-like younger leaves grow to become mature, scaly leaves. They bear bright greenish leaves, which turn into a pinkish hue during winter, and also impart a pleasant smell when crushed. The wood from this tree is used to make hedges or windbreakers. Varieties of Eastern Red Cedar include Canaerti, Blue Point Juniper, Burkii Juniper, Princeton Sentry, Emerald Sentry, Hetzii Columnaris and Keteleeri.

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Oriental Arborvitae (Thuja Orientalis): Oriental arborvitae are found springing forth in the form of a small tree or even a small shrub. These trees usually develop from a dense and compact foliage to an open canopy. Their leaves are in the form of scaled needles, bright green in color. They are grown as a hedge, as they are easy to trim. The most common varieties include Bakeri, Blue Cone and Elegantissima.

Northern White Cedar (Thuja Occidentalis): The Northern White Cedar, also known as White Cedar, Eastern White Cedar or American Arborvitae, is used for landscaping. It has lustrous green, fragrant leaves, which cover the trunk from the ground to the sweeping branches. They have dark brown trunks, which makes them ideal to be used as a hedge. The most common varieties include: Affinity, Emerald, Sunkist, Hills Dark Green, Techny, Fastigiata, Nigra, Wareana Lutescens, Columnaris and Pyramidalis.

Western Red Cedar (Thuja Plicata): Western Red Cedar, also known as Great Western Arborvitae, Canoe Cedar, Pacific Red Cedar and Giant Red Cedar is found in the wilderness of the northwestern parts of the United States and Canada. It is usefully cultivated to form hedges and for screening. The leaves are scaly with a glossy green color, and are aromatic. The bark is reddish-brown, with foliage that turns brownish-bronze in winter. The more common varieties are: Atrovirens, Emerald Cone, Zebrina, Stoneham Gold, Green Giant and Fastigiata.

A good amount of choices are available as far as the variety of cedars is concerned. You can wisely and artfully choose one that fulfills your landscaping needs, and be happy with the shade, aroma and beauty that the cedar would lend to your garden / backyard for the rest of your life.

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False Cedars (Calocedrus, Thuja, Chamaecyparis)

“False cedar” is a name commonly used for several species of Pacific Northwest trees that occur in 3 separate, but similar looking, genera; none are “true” cedars, which occur in the genus, Cedrus. False cedars are commonly grouped together because they share the following characteristics:

  • Tiny, scale-like leaves that overlap like shingles and form flat sprays like a fern.
  • Distinctive, small cones that remain on the tree long after their seeds are gone. Some are round, but others are not.
  • Aromatic wood.

Common names can be confusing–and that is certainly the case with this group of trees. The Pacific Northwest has four species of trees that are called cedars, but none of them are truly cedars. In fact, they don’t even resemble true cedars. True cedars belong to the genus Cedrus and bear their evergreen needles in dense clusters on small, woody spur shoots (similar to our larches). Their cones are large, sit upright on their branches, and fall apart when the seeds are ripe (similar to our true firs). True cedars are native only to the Mediterranean and Himalayan regions of the world.

The Pacific Northwest’s false cedars have tiny, scale-like foliage and small cones that remain on the tree long after their seeds are gone. Why then are they called “cedars”? Although we can’t be sure, it’s probably because of their wood. In ancient Rome, Cedrus referred to a group of trees with fragrant wood. Our “cedars” also have aromatic wood, and that’s probably how the confusion in names first started.

It’s easy to recognize our false cedars as a group, but it’s more difficult to tell one from another. Their tiny, scale-like leaves overlap like shingles and form flat sprays like a fern. Some have distinctive patterns of white bloom on their undersides; others don’t. To make things even more complex, the four separate species fall into three different genera. Cones are often the best way to tell them apart.

False Cedar Genera

incense-cedar (Calocedrus): all members of this genus have cones shaped like a duck’s bill when closed, and a flying goose when open; yellow-green when young, but brown when they mature.

Cedar

Cedar, in Canada, refers to evergreen conifers (genus Thuja) of the cypress family (Cupressaceae).

This species, much shorter than its western relative, grows to about 25 m in the Great Lakes-St Lawrence forest region. Shown with dark red male flowers (bottom left) and brownish yellow female flowers (top left) and cones (artwork by Claire Tremblay).

Cedar, in Canada, refers to evergreen conifers (genus Thuja) of the cypress family (Cupressaceae). They are also called arbor vitae . The true cedars belong to the coniferous genus Cedrus (pine family) and are found from the Mediterranean to the Himalayas. Six species of Thuja are recognized: 2 in North America; 4 in eastern Asia. Western red cedar (T. plicata), found along the BC coast and western slopes of the Rocky Mountains, may attain 60 m in height, and 3 m in diameter. Eastern white cedar (T. occidentalis), growing to 25 m, occurs in the Great Lakes-St Lawrence forest region. The Asiatic species, T. orientalis, is often planted as an ornamental. The yellow cedar on the coast of British Columbia is a species of cypress.

Cedars have small, scalelike leaves that cover flat, spray-like branches. Oval cones are 1-2 cm long. Bracts (modified leaves) and scales (ovule-bearing structures) are fused. Pollination occurs in spring; seeds (small, with 2 lateral wings) are shed in the fall. The wood is soft, light, aromatic and decay-resistant. Aboriginal people of the West Coast used cedar for totem poles, canoes and lodges. It is thought that the tea made from the leaves and bark of the Eastern white cedar was the cure for scurvy that ravaged Jacques Cartier’s crew in the winter of 1535-36, (see also Aboriginal Uses of Plants). It is for this reason Thuja species received the nickname arbor vitae.

What Is A Cedar Pine: Tips On Planting Cedar Pine Hedges

Cedar pine (Pinus glabra) is a tough, attractive evergreen that doesn’t grow into a cookie-cutter Christmas tree shape. Its many branches form a bushy, irregular canopy of soft, dark green needles and the shape of each tree is unique. The branches grow low enough on the trunk of the cedar pine to make this tree an excellent choice for a wind row or tall hedgerow. If you are thinking of planting cedar pine hedges, read on for additional cedar pine tree information.

Cedar Pine Facts

It is not surprising if you ask “What is a cedar pine?” Although it is a North American native tree, it is one of the least-seen pine in this country. Cedar pine is an attractive pine with an open crown. The tree grows to over 100 feet in the wild with a diameter of 4 feet. But it often stays considerably shorter in cultivation.

The species is also known as spruce pine because of the texture of the bark of a mature tree. Young trees have grayish bark, but over time they develop rounded ridges and scales like spruce trees, turning a deep shade of reddish brown.

Additional Cedar Pine Tree Information

The needles on the cedar pine grow in bundles of two. They are slender, soft and twisted, usually a dark green but occasionally slightly gray. Needles remain on the tree for up to three seasons.

Once the trees are about 10 years old, they begin producing seeds. Seeds grow in reddish-brown cones that are shaped like eggs and bear small thorny prickles on the tips. They remain on the trees for up to four years, providing a valuable source of food for wildlife.

Cedar pines grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 through 9. The trees are tolerant of shade and stress and grows best in moist, sandy soils. Appropriately planted, they can live to 80 years.

Planting Cedar Pine Hedges

If you read up on cedar pine facts, you will find that these trees have many qualities that make them excellent choices for hedges or windbreaks. They are slow growers, and generally anchored well into the ground with long tap roots.

A cedar pine hedge will be attractive, strong and long lived. It will not provide a uniformly-shaped line of pine trees for a hedge, as the branches create irregular crowns. However, the branches on cedar pines grow lower than many other species, and their strong roots stand up to wind.

Eastern Red Cedar

Eastern Red Cedar For Sale Affordable At Tennessee Wholesale

Hardy planting zones are 2-9; The growth rate is 2 to 3 feet per year; The Cedar Tree is a fast-growing evergreen and will thrive in various soil types. This tree will bring lots of green color to a lawn and will look amazing when fully grown. This tree can grow to be 40 to 50 feet tall and around 8 to 15 feet wide. It will prefer to be planted in full sunlight so that it can grow and thrive. These trees are perfect for decorating and adding special touches to a lawn in the Holiday seasons. This tree will make a grand statement in a garden and will be beautiful when fully grown. It will work great to attract and bring birds and squirrels to an area. This tree will add an excellent curb appeal to a home when it is allowed to grow to the fullest potential.

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It must be well taken care of and kept after in the first couples years after planting it, for it to take off and become a useful tree. It has dark green needles during the spring and summer months. Then as autumn approaches the needles slowly begin to change and come the winter months, the needles have a reddish tint to them. The cedar tree has a distinct smell, and sometimes people will go out and take a few clippings off the tree to put in their home during the holiday seasons. Cedar is also known for making furniture. Cedar chest and picnic tables are popular buys. The red cedar had pine cone seeds, and each cone has anywhere from 10-15 seeds. The red cedar also has scale-like leaves, which make the tree easy to pick out when other trees are around. Once the tree has reached a mature age, the bark becomes easy to tear off.

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Eastern Red Cedar Tree

Eastern Red Cedar Tree is a sensitive tree to try and grow

These gorgeous evergreen trees grow in a beautiful conical shape. They are slow growers and grow at a rate of up to 1 foot per year. They will do well in most soil conditions but do prefer fertile, moist soil with good drainage.

Eastern Red Cedar Tree is known for its beauty and its strength

It must be well taken care of and kept after in the first couples years after planting it, for it to take off and become a useful tree. It has dark green needles during the spring and summer months. Then as autumn approaches the needles slowly begin to change and come the winter months, the needles have a reddish tint to them. The cedar tree has a distinct smell, and sometimes people will go out and take a few clippings off the tree to put in their home during the holiday seasons. Cedar is also known for making furniture. Cedar chest and picnic tables are popular buys. The red cedar had pine cone seeds, and each cone has anywhere from 10-15 seeds. The red cedar also has scale-like leaves which make the tree easy to pick out when other trees are around.

Eastern Red Cedar Tree bark becomes easy to tear off as the tree matures

Mature Width: 15’-20’

Mature Height: 45’-65’

Growth/Year: 1-2 feet a year until it has reached maturity age
Sunlight: full sun
Soil Conditions: fertile, moist soil
Botanical Name: Juniperus virginiana

Eastern Red Cedar Tree

Cedar Tree

Cedar Tree – Juniperus virginiana For Sale Affordable, Grower Direct Prices Tennessee Wholesale Nursery

Cedar Trees are a coniferous evergreen that is hardy in most areas of the country. They increase and can reach over 100 feet. These trees need moisture to get established but are generally easy keepers. It is advised to protect the trunks until set. If you need a windbreak on your property, these trees are ideal in most situations. The wood is aromatic and resists most insect invasions.

Red Cedar Tree, also known as the Eastern Red Cedar, Virginian Juniper, and Eastern Juniper, is a common sight around the eastern half of North America.
Red Cedar is quite tolerant to heat and salt, and thus thrives in a diverse variety of soil types. Red Cedar Trees are particularly tolerant of various soil types but prefer dry soils over moist soils. As a result of this hardiness, Red Cedar Trees can be found as windbreaks along with farms and even in cities as beautiful street trees and hedges. Red Cedar Trees can withstand temperatures as low as -45 degrees Fahrenheit to temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Red Cedars grow at a moderate rate of 13-24″ per year and prefer full sun for maximum growth potential. Red Cedar Trees develop deep roots and are typically pyramidal or cone-shaped in maturity. The evergreen foliage is scale-like and develops rounded, four-sided branches. Red Cedar Trees in the wild have lived over 900 years!

Affordable Red Cedar Trees For Every Landscape

The berries are dark purple or blue and are essential dietary food for wildlife during cold winters. Red Cedar oil is condensed from the beans and used to flavor gin. Red Cedar lumber is a critical and handy commodity as well—the timber is lightweight and rot resistant and ideal for fence posts and any other lumber use that comes in contact with soil.

Red Cedar Trees are incredibly aromatic, giving off a comforting fragrance from the little berries they produce.
Varieties of Cedar Trees

When Joyce Kilmer wrote, “I think that I shall never see/A poem as lovely as a tree,” the poet may well have had cedar trees in mind since they are lovely and exotic, coming from Mediterranean countries, the Middle East and Africa. In addition to their green beauty, cedar trees are good choices because they reproduce quickly, retain attractive shapes and provide shade, along with being quite hardy. Belonging solely to the genus Cedrus, cedars are not to be confused with the many different conifers among which are pines, spruces, and evergreen shrubs and trees.

Atlanta Cedar (Cedrus atlantica)

Also called the Blue Atlas Cedar, this tree is from North Africa, but it can survive in planting zones 6 through 8b with full sunlight for its growth. The Atlanta Cedar can reach heights of 60 feet or more and 30 feet at its base that forms a pyramid shape. (The weeping type is shorter.) This cedar has variety in its needles’ colors (blue-bluish green).

Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani)

This slow-growing tree is, nevertheless, able to reach 80 feet. It can live in zones 3 through 10 and requires no special care. As it grows, the Cedar of Lebanon widens to match its height, attaining an impressive size. Its needles are bright green and short. But, as it ages, the needles darken to a gray-green.

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)

A tree native to America, the Incense Cedar grows in zones 5 through 8, particularly in the central and southern parts of Oregon. It is also widespread through California, especially in northern Baja California. Some of these trees have made their ways into western Nevada, as well. The Incense Cedar is a hardy tree that can survive intense heat in a baking soil. It also requires little watering. This cedar can grow to 75-90 feet.

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara)

This hardy tree can live in the Western and Southern border states (zones 7 through 9a), but it needs full sun and ample space. Originating in the western Himalayas, the Deodar Cedar can grow three feet per year and reach 50 to 70 feet. Its lateral spread can reach from 20 to 30 feet with a full, flat-topped crown.

Cedar Trees Are The Most Fragrant Of All Evergreen Trees

Enjoy The Beauty of a Cedar Tree

The Cedar Tree (Cedrus species) evolved from some of the earliest plants on Earth. This lovely evergreen occurs today around the world in several popular species, including the Lebanon Cedar (Cedrus libani). Other, closely related, trees also carry the common name of “cedar.” They include evergreens from the Thuja and Cedrela families.

A Fragrant, Woody Scent

The wood of the Cedar Tree possesses a fresh, distinctive scent often associated with pine forests. High demand exists for cedar wood products commercially. This material endures in buildings and human-made objects for extended periods. It resists insect damage well and supplies a fragrant aroma.

A Lovely Landscaping Addition

The Cedar Tree achieves variable heights in landscaping. Aged trees may reach well over 100 feet. Young Cedar trees enjoy popularity as cut Christmas trees. This perennial produces thick, dark brown bark and a myriad of shiny green to greenish-blue needles. These trees also begin developing thick 2 to 5-inch long pine cones during the late Summer and early Autumn. Cones typically remain attached to the tree for a year, unless removed.

Growing Instructions

In the United States, people grow Cedar Tree relatives in virtually every state. A Cedar Tree requires minimal care. For best results, protect the roots of saplings with mulch.

The Difference between Pressure Treated Pine Fences vs. Cedar Fences

When choosing a wood fence most of us are faced with cedar and pressure treated pine. It’s easy to swing in favor of pressure treated pine because it’s cheaper and it’s more commonly available. However, is it the right choice?

Pressure Treated Pine Fences

Pressure treated pine is one of the most popular choices in residential outdoor structures, which includes fences, porches and decks. PTP is prone to shrinking, warping and cracking, which is made worse by the sun. In order to prevent decay, weathering and termites’ pressure treated pine is chemically treated. However, pressure treated pine still needs to be maintained regularly and consistently. It should be stained and sealed in order to maintain its appearance as well as delay rotting.
One way to maintain your fence is to keep it wet when it is exposed to the sun, or the weather is particularly hot. The other techniques suggested to maintain PTP are staining, sealing, stripping and cleaning.

Cedar Wood Fences

The beauty of cedar is that it looks beautiful, smells incredible, and happens to be resistant to decomposition. It’s non-toxic and insect resistance. It’s stable, and it doesn’t shrink, splinter, or warp, which makes it the perfect wood for building fences.
Cedar truly stands the test of time, and maintains its look for decades. Cedar fence posts, though, aren’t as durable against soil as PTP is. So your best bet when erecting a fence is to use PTP for the posts and then use cedar for the rest of the fencing. Another option is if you choose to use cedar posts you can set them in concrete in order to prevent rotting.
Cedar is rarer, which is why it’s more expensive than pine- however, because it is low maintenance and aesthetically pleasing it’s more of an investment. You aren’t going to need to spend that money again in order to replace the fence in 10 years, because it will still be standing strong.
Cedar is the greener option.

Conclusion

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Speaking aesthetically, it’s an easy choice- cedar looks better. If you leave it unstained it tends to weatherize to a silvery color, while PTP doesn’t result in consistent coloring once weatherized. It has a slightly shabby appearance.
Cedar wood fences compliment any home, and can be created in a number of different styles to suit your needs. It also smells great, and while pine smells nice, too, once it’s been treated it loses its natural aroma, so how pine smells is completely irrelevant to your fencing needs.
If you’re looking to make a lengthy investment, consider the fact that cedar fences will stand, with no maintenance, for up to 25 years. Meanwhile, pressure treated pine last up to 15 years, provided you are regularly maintaining it.
So while cedar might be more expensive initially, in the long run it is the more economical option in every way.

Wood Fences – The Differences Between Cedar, Fir and Pine!

Wood fences installed by a professional fence service are some of the most attractive and useful property enclosures for a home, usually because there are so many different types of wood that can be used in a variety of ways. When a homeowner is planning a fence installation, there are a few things to first consider: the kind of fences wanted or needed and the individual properties of each type of fence. Understanding which different types of wood are most appropriate for fencing, and how this affects lifespan and required maintenance, are important factors to consider when selecting any wooden fence.

Common Wood Fencing Types

Technically, wood fences can be made from any type of tree, although softwoods are preferred as they are easier to cut, configure and manage. Softwoods are also easier to grow and harvest. Of all the available fencing woods that can be used, the three most popular are cedar, douglas fir, and pine. Based on different qualities such as durability, weather, and insect resistance, most fences are made using these types. To determine which one is the best choice for a specific fencing project, listed below is a little more about these woods and the positive and negative points on using them.

  • Pine – White or red pine is the most readily available wood used for fences, decks, and even construction lumber as it grows fast, is easy to harvest, and is reasonably strong. It is a cost-effective choice, can be made into almost any kind of fence, and is quite versatile. Pressure-treated pine is especially strong and suitable for fence posts, although there are some drawbacks for use as fencing. It can warp as it ages, causing twisting, cracking, or splitting. Pine used outdoors must be pressure-treated to withstand weather and slow down softening or rotting. Pine also requires routine coating with a sealer, or regular painting, to prolong its life. It is a beautiful wood when left natural, although it is the least resistant of other widely used woods.
  • Douglas Fir – This is another abundant wood type that is very popular for fencing. With similar benefits as of pine, douglas fir has a few added advantages. It is one of the strongest softwoods, which can make it preferable over pine. It does not require treating, can be left natural, and will retain its yellowish look for a while before acquiring a gray hue, which can be delayed with sealing. It also does not warp or twist as much as it dries. Cost is its main disadvantage and is otherwise very suitable and workable for most fencing applications.
  • Cedar – Cedar is the last of the more popular softwoods. It is beautiful and fragrant, definitely a preferred choice for fences and decks. It is insect resistant and does not require painting or staining. Usage for fence posts is discouraged as it can rot from absorbing too much moisture. One problem with today’s cedar supply is the current restrictions on harvesting the oldest trees. As a result, the most readily available cedar is young and soft, which makes it the most expensive of the three types.

Based on these properties, a homeowner should select fences according to cost, durability, maintenance requirements, and availability. All wood fences will require some care and servicing over a lifespan, with some requiring more than others. Contact an experienced, local fence company today to discuss the best options for specific fence ideas for your home and property!

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