- How to Care for Gerbera Daisies
- Gerbera Daisy Availability
- Bloom Size and Stem Length
- Ideal Delivery Date
- Helpful Tips for Long-lasting Flowers
- Brilliant Blooms: Planting Gerbera Daisies in Outdoor Containers
- Care Requirements
- Gerbera Daisy Care – Tips On How To Grow Gerbera Daisies
- How to Grow Gerbera Daisies
- Gerbera Daisy Planting Guide
- How to Care for a Gerbera Daisy Plant
- Gerbera Daisy
- Planting and Care
- Gerbera Houseplants: Tips For Growing Gerbera Daisies Indoors
- How to Grow Gerbera Daisy Plants Indoors
- Gerbera Daisy Indoor Care
- Planting Gerbera Daisies Outdoors
- How To Care for Gerbera Daisies
- About Gerbera Daisies
- Gerbera Daisy Care
- Gerbera Daisy Soil Requirements
- Tending Gerbera Daisies
- Dividing, Transplanting, and Cutting Gerbera Daisies
- Learn everything about Gerbera Daisy Care & Growing to grow this magnificent flowering plant both indoors and outdoors.
- How to Propagate Gerbera Daisy
- Indoor Gerbera Daisy Care
- Outdoor Gerbera Daisy Care
- Gerbera Daisy Benefits
How to Care for Gerbera Daisies
Gerbera daisies are versatile blooms that are often used as a focal flower in arrangements. They’re also popular in bouquets, particularly if you’re seeking a cheerful, fun look! This bloom also represents innocence and purity.
Gerberas offer an incredibly wide array of colors such as white, orange, yellow, dark and light pink, burgundy, red, purple and some bicolor tones that include white with pink, yellow or red, just to name a few! We also offer a few other gerbera varieties as well, like spider gerberas, gerrondos, calendula and gerbera blooms.
All of these varieties offer their own unique texture.
Gerbera Daisy Availability
One of the great things about this flower is that it is available year-round.
Bloom Size and Stem Length
The average head size of this flower is between 3 to 5 inches and the stem length averages 20 inches. Each stem will feature one bloom and the center of the bloom can range from yellow to green, and from burgundy- brown to black.
Ideal Delivery Date
Since these flowers come ready to go, we suggest selecting a delivery date that is two days prior to your event date. For example, if your event is on Saturday, then the recommend delivery date would be Thursday. This will allow the flowers to hydrate completely before working with them.
1. Upon arrival, gather your buckets or vases and fill them up with four inches of fresh, cool water. If flower food is available, follow package directions and add to water.
2. Cut any straps or ties and remove the flowers from the box. Any netting or protective packaging, such as plastic or paper, can also be removed at this time. The gerbera daisies may come with a straw, as they are used to keep the stems straight by offsetting the daisy’s natural droop. You can choose to remove the straws now or keep them on until ready to arrange.
3. Use sharp floral shears or scissors to cut the stems at a diagonal. We recommend cutting about an inch off of each stem. After you trim the stems, place immediately into your prepared buckets or vases but make sure to not overcrowd the flowers.
Helpful Tips for Long-lasting Flowers
Gerber Daisies will drink an exceptionally large amount of water upon arrival so make sure you keep an eye on the water level. To prevent premature wilting, make sure to change the water every 2-3 days. The color of the water will be an indicator of when to add fresh water.
Keep gerberas away from fruits, vegetables and/or plants that produce ethylene gas. Ethylene in the surrounding area could cause your gerberas to mature faster. And, of course, keep flowers away from direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.
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Brilliant Blooms: Planting Gerbera Daisies in Outdoor Containers
Gerbera Daisies are a very popular variety of container plant. They are easy to find in nurseries and flower shops. Their bright, cheery, uniform flowers are the perfect way to set the tone for summertime container arrangements. Gerbera daisies can be found in almost any color and grow well in container arrangements or solo in smaller pots.
Gerbera daisies are native to South Africa. They are grown as perennials in very warm climates and treated as annuals or overwintered indoors in colder climates. While Gerberas are perennials most plants start to struggle after about 4 years.
Gerbera daisies are best started from seed. A sterile sandy potting medium or seed starting mix will work well. Place a thin layer over the top of the seeds or lightly press them into the soil. The seeds should be kept consistently moist, but they should never stand in water. The seedlings should be moved to small pots as soon as the first true leaves appear. This will prevent them from becoming spindly. Gerbera daisies cannot be propagated from cuttings or divisions.
Gerbera daisies can grow up to 18 inches tall, but there are many smaller varieties available as well. The flowers come in reds, yellows, whites, and pinks. There are varieties that produce single flowers and others that produce a ornate double flowers and crested double flowers. One advantage of growing Gerberas is that their flowers make long lasting, attractive cut flowers.
Plant Gerbera daisies with Heliotrope and Lisianthus. Gerbera foliage is not very spectacular, so you may want to include interesting foliage plants such as Dusty Miller.
Gerbera daisies can perform well in part to full sun. They can tolerate cool and damp weather, but will be killed by frost. Gerberas should be planted in a well draining potting mix that includes part perlite and part course sand. They can be prone to root rot and will not survive in soggy conditions. Feeding the plants once a month with a fertilizer high in potassium will encourage plentiful blooms. Remove spent flowers right away to increase bloom production as well.
If you live in a harsh climate, bring your Gerbera indoors for the winter. Find a cool spot that won’t freeze. The plant will also still need plenty of light. A cool greenhouse is ideal. The plants require very little water during these dormant, winter months.
Gerbera daisies also look very nice indoors in small tabletop containers. Although, they are difficult to entice into a second round of blooming. Gerberas require plenty of bright light but are easily scorched by the heat of light coming through a window. It is hard to find the right balance of light and temperature to keep a Gerbera daisy indoors for an extended period. That said, they can still make pretty plants for a time and then be discarded or moved to an outdoor location once the fade.
For good reasons Gerbera daisies are a popular plant both as a cut flower and a potted plant. Add these bright blooms to your container arrangements for a cheery, summery look.
What is your favorite variety of Gerbera daisy?
Gerbera Daisy Care – Tips On How To Grow Gerbera Daisies
Gerbera daisies (Gerbera jamesonii) are commonly grown for their bright and cheerful daisy-like flowers. They originate from South Africa and come in various sizes and colors including pink, yellow, salmon, orange and white, with flower sizes anywhere from 2 to 5 inches across.
There are many gerbera daisy cultivars available, bred for their color and flower shape (single, double or multiple petals). For better results in how to care for a gerbera daisy plant, choose a variety that is compact, as flower stems will be sturdier on compact plants, and one that suits the pot size or planting bed you will be growing in.
How to Grow Gerbera Daisies
Growing gerbera daisy plants is possible from seed, seedlings or division. Seed is the cheapest method, but seeds must be sown immediately as they lose viability quickly after opening. Keep in mind seeds may also not be true to form.
Growing from seedlings or divided plants is easier and you can be sure what the flower
type will be. If you have older plants, the crowns can be lifted and divided in early spring. Remove lower leaves and replant immediately.
Gerbera Daisy Planting Guide
Plants thrive in a position with full sun and sandy soil. A little compost added at planting will encourage good flower growth. With newly sown seeds, a well-draining propagation mix is a must, as is bright indirect light.
Crown rot is a common problem with gerbera daisies, which is caused by planting the crowns too deeply. The crown should be visible above the soil and allowed to dry out between each watering. Plants can be mulched, but care must be taken that mulch does not cover the crown. If you live in a wet or humid climate or have heavy soil, try planting in well-draining pots instead.
How to Care for a Gerbera Daisy Plant
Gerbera daisies are susceptible to fungal diseases, although older varieties less so. Fungal sprays do not generally prevent crown rot, so correct planting and watering are essential for gerbera daisy care.
Make sure you plant them with adequate spacing and in high light areas. A little bit of light shade in high summer is alright, but without full, direct light the plants will get leggy and pale and not produce nearly as many blooms.
Water in the morning so leaves can dry out during the day to lessen the risk of rot and fungal diseases.
Gerbera daisy care can also be enhanced by using a micro-nutrient liquid fertilizer such as a seaweed or fish emulsion.
Keep an eye out for caterpillars and leaf miners too. Spray, if needed, with an organic spray such as pyrethrum or neem oil.
Growing gerbera daisies can have some challenges, but it is a wonderful reward when those big, happy flowers bloom.
While in much of the country Gerbera daisies are only grown as seasonal annuals, Florida gardeners are lucky enough to grow and enjoy these bright flowers nearly year-round. Related to sunflowers and marigolds, Gerbera daisies have long lasting 3-4 inch flower that come in numerous forms and bright shades of yellow, white, pink, lavender, red, and orange.
Gerbera daisies (Gerbera jamesonii) are native to South Africa. Each Gerbera flower sits on a long leafless stem about 6 inches above the plant’s foliage. These plants form dense, 12-inch tall clumps of long, slightly “fuzzy” leaves. Not only will Gerberas produce flowers for a good period of time in the garden, their blooms make long-lasting cut flowers that can be used to decorate your home.
Gerbera daisies do well in containers and as perennial bedding plants in Central and South Florida. In areas where prolonged freezes are likely they should be treated as annuals or over-wintered indoors.
Planting and Care
Gerberas prefer an area of the garden where they will receive morning sunshine and afternoon shade. For best results, plant your Gerbera daisies in sandy soils that have been amended with organic matter. You can add an inch or two of peat, compost, or another organic material to your soil as an amendment before planting them.
Good drainage is another important soil characteristic for growing Gerberas; excessive moisture can lead to root and crown disease in your plants. If your soil does not have good drainage, consider growing your Gerberas in raised beds, mounds, or containers.
Gerberas are available as potted plants or as pass-along divisions from other gardeners. If you are planting Gerberas that have been growing in a pot, water the plants well before removing them from their container. When you remove your plant from the pot, take a good look at the roots; if they appear “pot bound,” carefully loosen the root ball. Gerbera daisies can also be propagated from seed.
Plant Gerberas 12 to 18 inches apart with the crown (the point where the steam and roots meet) at or slightly above the soil level, in areas where they will receive full or part sun. Gerbera daisies like a regular moisture level; however, the crown should be allowed to dry out between waterings. You can help regulate the soil moisture by mulching around your plants—just be sure not to bury the crown.
Fertilize your daisies regularly for best results. You can apply a controlled-release fertilizer two or three times during the growing season, or you can use a complete fertilizer once a month. Gerberas can be deficient in iron and manganese, so look for a fertilizer or foliar spray containing these micronutrients.
Over time, these plants will sink into the soil, and after a year or two the crown can become entirely covered. To prevent crown rot—caused by excess moisture—dig, lift, and replant your Gerberas periodically.
You can divide Gerbera daisies with multiple crowns at any time in South Florida, while gardeners in North and Central Florida can divide Gerberas in the spring and summer. To divide, dig up the plant and separate the crowns using a clean, sharp knife or pruning shears. Remove any dead roots, old decaying leaves, and one half of all the lower mature leaves. Replant your Gerberas immediately. Until they have re-established, keep the transplants moist.
With proper care, Gerbera daisies can provide you with colorful blooms throughout the warmer months. For more information on growing Gerberas and other plants in your area, contact your local county Extension office.
- Florida Plant ID: Gerbera Daisy
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Gerbera Houseplants: Tips For Growing Gerbera Daisies Indoors
Also known as Transvaal daisies or gerber daisies, gerbera daisies are attention-getters with showy, long-lasting blooms, short stems and impressive, bright green foliage. Gerbera daisies are relatively simple to grow outdoors, but growing gerbera daisies indoors can be tricky. The plants, often given as gifts, are usually grown for a single blooming season before being discarded. However, if you can provide the right growing conditions, your gerbera daisy may survive for two or three years.
How to Grow Gerbera Daisy Plants Indoors
Gerbera houseplants require an unusual combination of bright light and moderate temperatures. A spot near a sunny window may be too hot and can scorch the leaves, but without adequate light, the plant won’t produce blooms.
in the morning often works well, but be sure the plant is protected from bright light during the afternoon. Although gerbera daisies tolerate cool temperatures, they won’t survive long in temperatures above 70 F. (21 C.).
If the plant is located in indirect light, be sure it gets light all day. Turn on lamps or overhead lights to supplement available light, especially during the winter.
Gerbera Daisy Indoor Care
If you can provide enough bright light to keep your plant happy, gerbera care indoors is minimal.
Water the plant deeply whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Let the pot drain thoroughly before replacing it on the saucer or drip tray, as the plant is likely to rot in soggy soil. Water carefully and keep the leaves as dry as possible. Water sparingly during the winter months, but don’t allow the soil to become bone dry.
Gerber daisies benefit from monthly feeding during spring and summer using a regular fertilizer for houseplants or blooming plants. Withhold fertilizer during fall and winter.
Pinch off blooms as soon as they wilt to keep the plant neat and compact, and to stimulate more blooms. Remove damaged or dead foliage as needed.
If the plant looks crowded, repot it to a slightly larger pot any time of year.
Planting Gerbera Daisies Outdoors
Gerbera Daisy (Gerbera jamesonii) is a gorgeous plant that gives beautiful, daisy-like flowers. Its blooms come in many different colors so they are very varied and can truly make your home look more stunning. The plant, also known as Transvaal daisy, is a gorgeous houseplant you can grow in many different conditions. This is a perfect plant for those who wish to have colorful flowers in their home.
Gerbera Daisy Plant Basics
Gerbera Daisy is known for its gorgeous flowers. The blooms appear on top of tall, single stems. In addition to flowers, this plant grows beautiful, slightly fuzzy foliage that looks amazing next to the blooms.
This plant can grow a lot. Depending on the variety, it can reach anything between 8 and 24 inches in maturity. It is important to know which variety you have or which one you wish to grow in your home because this is the only way to get the Gerbera Daisy of the size you want. You can easily end up with a smaller or a larger plant than anticipated if you don’t ask about the variety when purchasing this gorgeous plant.
Another thing you need to remember about Gerbera Daisy is that it’s not really an annual plant, even though it’s often grown as one. On the contrary, this plant is perennial. This is yet another thing to keep in mind when deciding to grow this plant.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture lists Gerbera Daisy as suitable for climate zones 8 to 11. Keep this in mind, especially if you wish to keep your plant outdoors. It is vital to provide your Gerbera Daisy with the appropriate climate conditions and other things it needs to thrive. This is the only way to make it bloom and produce those amazing flowers.
If you want to plant your Gerbera Daisy in the garden, make sure to do it in the spring when it’s warm enough. You need to do it after all danger of frosts have passed. These plants cannot tolerate frost well so in order to make them thrive you need to plant them only when outside temperatures are high enough. At the same time, don’t wait until it’s too hot, either: a nice spring temperature is the best for these plants.
How to Plant Your Gerbera Daisy Outdoors
Planting Gerbera Daisies outdoors is not complicated, but you need to follow some basic steps. This is the only way to ensure that your plants are not damaged or hurt during planting and the recovery time after planting.
As mentioned above, make sure that the outside temperatures are high enough or else your Gerbera Daisies can suffer from cold. It is very important that all the danger of frosts have passed before you plant your Gerbera Daisies outdoors.
If you want to plant your Gerbera Daisies, there are some simple steps you need to follow:
- Find a good spot. You need to find a good place in your garden to plant your Gerbera Daisies. Keep in mind that these plants prefer bright sunlight but they can benefit a lot from afternoon shade if you live in a hot climate.
- Prepare the soil. The first step you need to make is to prepare the soil for planting. Spade the soil to the depth of about 8 to 10 inches. After this, dig in about 1 to 2 inches of organic matter into the hole. Good things to use are compost or manure.
- Carefully take your Gerbera Daisy and plant it into the prepared location. Make sure to do it gently as to not damage the plant. Make sure that the crown of the plant is slightly above the ground level. The crown is the point where the main stem of the plant meet the roots. This point has to be above the ground because covering the crown can make the plant to suffocate. Keep this in mind when planting your Gerbera Daisy.
- Space them out. When planting more than one Gerbera Daisy (which is a standard procedure), make sure to leave at least 18 to 24 inches of space between the plants. This is the only way to give each individual plant enough space to grow and thrive.
Caring For Your Gerbera Daisy after Planting
After your Gerbera Daisies are planted you need to think of a few basic things. You need to provide them with some basic care to make them thrive and produce gorgeous flowers. Caring for Gerbera Daisies is not difficult.
Here are the basic steps you need to take when caring for your Gerbera Daisy after planting it outdoors:
- Water your plants regularly. This is vital to do during the blooming season. It is also one of the main steps to take if you wish your plant to produce those gorgeous flowers. When planting, make sure to soak the roots fully. After this, allow the top of the soil and the crow to dry before you water your Gerbera Daisy again.
- Fertilize monthly. Another important thing is to fertilize your Gerbera Daisy on a monthly basis throughout the growing season. The best fertilizer to use is balanced, general purpose garden fertilizer. In other words, you don’t have to use any fancy stuff. Alternatively, you may use a time-release fertilizer every 6 to 8 weeks.
- Mulch. In order to make your Gerbera Daisy thrive, it is important to spread some natural mulch on it. Use about 1 to 2 inches of mulch around the base of the plant. Apply mulch in spring. The best natural mulch to use is compost or shredded bark. When applying mulch, make sure you are careful. You need to leave some span of bare ground around the crown. Never apply mulch directly to the base and crown of the plant!
- Remove blooms when they wilt. This is extremely important. Remove all the blooms as soon as they wilt. It prevents the plant from setting seed early in the season. To remove the wilted flowers, simply pinch or cut the bloom along with the stem, down to the next step, leaf or bud.
- Replant your Gerbera Daisy every other year. This is an extremely important step. You need to dig up and replant your Gerbera Daisy every other year. You will notice that it is time when the crown sinks under the soil’s surface. It mainly happens due to the weather and repeated watering. When this happens, simply dig the plant up carefully. It is best to use a garden fork for this purpose. This way, there is a less risk of causing damage to the roots. You need to handle your Gerbera Daisy carefully when you dig it up and replant it elsewhere.
Photo credit: Lori Greig Closeup of two large bubbles on petals of orange gerbera daisy in garden via photopin (license)
How To Care for Gerbera Daisies
Isabel Pavia/Getty Images
Southerners buy gerbera daisies by the thousands on a regular basis. There are two main reasons for this. First, the red, orange, coral, pink, and yellow blooms are simply stunning. Second, the gerbera daisies they bought three weeks earlier are likely already dead. Gerbera daisies hail from South Africa, so you might conclude they’d like growing here in the South. You’d be so wrong. Gerberas don’t like our high heat, high humidity, and summertime frog-strangler thunderstorms. Oh, and they don’t like our heavy clay soils either. Nonetheless, you’ll probably have to care for a gerbera sometime, because either someone who’s never tried to grow one before will present one to you as a gift or you want to be able to brag on social media that yours is still around after three months and now the whole world must curtsy. If either is true, let me give you some advice.
About Gerbera Daisies
Gerbera daisies are known by the scientific name of Gerbera jamesonii. They’re also known as the transvaal daisy and are members of the family Asteraceae. According to The New Southern Living Garden Book, these flowers are “perennial in coastal and tropical south; annual elsewhere.” They also bring bright, eye-catching color wherever they’re planted. That’s why everyone’s planting them in the first place. If you’ve been living under a rock and have never seen them before, let The New Southern Living Garden Book describe them to you: “The 4- to 5-inch daisies, borne one to a stem, fairly glow in colors of red, orange, coral pink, yellow, and cream.” The petals are actually called “rays,” and those brightly colored rays encircle the center of the flower, which is a prominent disc shape.
Gerbera Daisy Care
Remember your gerbera is coming from the Goldilocks zone of a greenhouse, where the temperature, humidity, and moisture levels are not too high and not too low, but just right. When it arrives in the imperfect conditions of your yard, it will likely experience a panic attack. Speak to it in soothing tones and give it plenty of sun. Full sun is a must or the plant won’t bloom. Hot sun will cause its foliage to wilt, so you’ll naturally want to water it without first checking the soil. Don’t do that, or your plant will soon die. Your object is to keep the soil evenly moist while the plant is blooming. If you find the plant wilting in the morning before the sun hits it, the soil is probably too dry and you’ll need to water.
Gerbera Daisy Soil Requirements
Unless your sand is sandy or gritty, don’t plant it in the ground. Gerberas need excellent drainage. If the soil stays soaked for long, the plant will develop crown rot and croak before your eyes. Instead, grow it in a container you can fill with fast-draining potting soil. If there’s a saucer under the pot, empty it as soon as it fills with water. According to The New Southern Living Garden Book, “Where gerberas are perennial, they can bloom at almost any time of year, unless frost kills them to the ground. In this case, they’ll sprout from underground stems in spring and begin blooming shortly afterward.” That’s as long as the soil is good, i.e. if it’s gritty enough to drain like a colander.
Tending Gerbera Daisies
Quickly clip off faded blooms and their stems or they’ll develop mold that will spread to the rest of the plant. Don’t wet the foliage when you water or the leaves may develop powdery mildew that looks like white powder and usually sends the plant over the edge. According to The New Southern Living Garden Book, “Crowded plantings and shade make the problem even worse. The best defense is to start with disease-free plants and to choose the newer, more disease-resistant selections.” Sometimes a chemical solution is needed to control the problem. If this is the case, then reach out to your local Cooperative Extensive Office, which is a great resource for answers to your planting questions. Of course, plants grown outdoors will often get wet from rain, but hey, what are you gonna do? I suggest prayer. Feed your gerbera with a liquid bloom-booster fertilizer every two weeks while it’s blooming and still alive. Cease feeding after it’s dead. Unlike human zombies, gerberas do not come back from the dead. Garden centers really appreciate this, because it means they can sell you new ones to plant. Go ahead. Try again.
Dividing, Transplanting, and Cutting Gerbera Daisies
If you want to double your daisies without making a visit to your local garden shop, you can divide those that you have growing in your garden. The New Southern Living Garden Book advises to “divide (in late winter) only when clump is crowded and flowering declines.” It continues, “Most people start with transplants, but you can also grow gerberas from seed. Seed must be fresh to germinate well. Sow in moist potting soil; keep air temperature at about 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Water carefully. Seed may take several weeks to sprout. Seedlings flower in 4 to 6 months.” Gerbera daisies also make great cut flowers and very nice additions to arrangements. When cutting, be sure to snip the bottom of the stem before placing it in the water to allow for optimal absorption. Thirsty, thirsty.
WATCH: Shasta Daisies Are the Most Cheerful Summer Flowers
What’s your favorite type of daisy? Do you have daisies growing in your garden?
A happy gerbera daisy in bloom.
Q: I bought a gerbera daisy last spring, and we had it outside blooming during the summer. We took it inside in a pot, and it blossomed again. Now we have another blossom. I wonder if you have an explanation for this “annual” plant.
A: Gerbera daisies are actually perennial flowers in warmer climates, such as California and their native South Africa.
They’ll behave like any other perennial in their native setting, i.e. blooming for several weeks a year in summer, then going bloomless the rest of the season before going dormant in winter.
I think yours is a little “confused” about season. It was forced into bloom early in a greenhouse before you bought it in spring. Then when it normally would’ve been in the post-bloom vegetative state, it went outside in the kind of warmth and sunlight that triggers its usual blooming. Your second bloom may have been a response to that.
Spending most of the winter inside in drier, darker weather simulated the plant’s dormant season. Now with brightening days, apparently at least one flower stalk “thinks” its time to bloom for the next season already.
All of the moves basically added up to giving you one good gerbera bloom and two half-hearted ones in the space of one full year.
Gerberas can be pretty finicky plants. Some people have good luck with them, others run into frequent wilting, whiteflies and just flat-out plant death. Most people around here treat them as one-season potted plants… they toss them when the plants are done blooming.
Gardeners who have success overwintering gerberas treat them as indoor potted plants in cold weather and either plant them outside in summer or move the pots outside in summer. Many also repot them in fresh soil each spring.
Gerberas like bright light, well drained soil and a little more water in bloom than when they’re just leaves (let the pots go slightly dry before watering in that stage). They also appreciate a balanced fertilizer every 2 to 4 weeks during the growing season.
They’re not only not crazy about temperatures below 45 degrees, but they don’t like it really hot either. That’s why they’re prone to wilting outside when the temperatures hit the upper 80s.
Learn everything about Gerbera Daisy Care & Growing to grow this magnificent flowering plant both indoors and outdoors.
Scientific Name: Gerbera jamesonii
Other Names: African daisy, Barberton daisy, Hilton Daisy, Transvaal daisy, Gerbera, Gerber
USDA Hardiness Zones: 8-11
Soil pH: 5.5-7
Gerbera daisies come in a variety of colors, in the beautiful shades of red, purple, pink, yellow, orange, off white, and peach and are a treat to watch. Also, the blooms are long-lasting with the large center eye, and the foliage is light and glossy green. Not to mention, it’s one of the most popular flowers and florist’s favorite.
Taking care of Gerberas growing in the outdoor setting is not difficult, but it can be a bit tricky indoors. Let’s discuss both in detail.
How to Propagate Gerbera Daisy
There two ways to propagate a gerbera daisy plant, from seeds and root division. If you’ve got an already established plant, multiply that by division. If not, sow the seeds. Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep in individual pots or seed trays, and transplant them once the seedlings germinate two sets of true leaves.
The main benefit of growing gerbera from seeds is you can grow any variety you want, and it’ll be a cheap way to have so many plants. However, it’s always a better option to buy healthy individual gerbera daisy plants from the garden center, if you’re not growing them in large numbers.
Indoor Gerbera Daisy Care
Sunlight is crucial for the Gerberas to bloom, so placing your plant at a location that receives as much sunlight as possible makes sense. Sunny south or west-facing window is an ideal spot.
If summers are hot and temperature touches 100 F in your area, protect the plant from the afternoon sun. During gloomy winters in the absence of natural sunlight, artificial lights will aid in Gerbera’s survival.
Root rot, powdery mildew, and crown rot may affect this plant if gerbera daisy remains in standstill water and soggy soil. To prevent this, make sure to provide adequate drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Ideally picking a container with drainage is better, but you can also drill holes by yourself if you’re using any DIY planter.
The potting medium should be light and free from any contamination. Plus, it should be rich in organic matter to enhance drainage. Regular potting mix for houseplants should be fine, better if it’s a bit sandy and doesn’t retain moisture. You can make your own potting mix that drains well with the help of this guide.
Gerbera daisy prefers slightly moist growing medium all the time when growing outdoors. But when growing any plant indoors, be extra careful with watering. Water it when the topsoil is a bit dry, thoroughly without wetting the foliage. Don’t water too frequently to keep the soil overly moist all the time as it’ll lead to root rot.
We all want our Gerbera’s to bloom after all that is what makes this plant eye-catchy. Using a fertilizer specifically formed for blooming or a balanced fertilizer will help the plant in the blooming season. You can start feeding the plant from the spring up to early to mid-fall. The feeding instructions are available on the package, follow them.
Feed the plant once in every 2-3 weeks, if you live in a frost-free climate, don’t stop fertilizing in winter. Also, gerberas are prone to iron, manganese, and magnesium deficiency, check out the fertilizer label before buying, better if it contains these micronutrients.
Note: Don’t go for low to no phosphorus fertilizers as suggested on many websites; it can result in slow growth and inferior plants. Check out this article to learn more!
If you are not familiar with this term, it’s the process of removing fading flowers. You can pinch off the stem at the base of the flower or use any sharp tool cut it off. The energy that was previously wasted on the dying and wilted blooms will now be redirected towards new blooms and growth. It’ll also signal plant not to produce seeds and continue producing flowers. Also, the dead and wilting flowers are not aesthetic and provide shelter to bugs.
Transplant the Gerbera in a new pot when it outgrows the old one, you’ll know that as the plant will start to look to big for its old pot. Any pot that’s 2-3 inches larger in diameter than the current one will do.
Don’t forget to ensure drainage holes at the bottom of the new pot too. Provide a base of three inches thick potting mix before placing the plant in the container and filling it up again. The roots should be below the surface of the topsoil.
NOTE: Cut back the rotten or diseased roots before re-potting Gerbera and remove a bit of soil around the root ball to free the roots.
Mites, aphids, and other such typical households pests can trouble the plant apart from that it’s mostly pest free. You can handpick these pests easily or wash the plant with jets of water. Spray an insecticidal soap solution over the plant is also effective.
The early you act the more chance you have of saving the plant from severe damage. So, always be on a lookout for such pests.
Outdoor Gerbera Daisy Care
Morning and early noon sun are ideal for this plant, but prolonged exposure to hot afternoon sun is not suitable. Especially in the scorching summer heat, protecting from the sun in the mid hours of the day is crucial.
Pot Size for Gerbera Daisy
Gerbera daisies usually grow between 6-18 inches tall, depending on the variety. All the varieties can be grown in pots and pot size can be between 6-10 inches deep and wide similarly or more.
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The plant won’t tolerate frost so move outdoors only when there is no trace of frost left. Dig a hole about 8-10 inches deep and plant the Gerbera in it. If you plan to plant multiple plants, space them 12-18 inches apart.
Keep the soil slightly moist but wait before watering again until the top 1 inch of soil is dry. Water thoroughly until it starts to seep out from the bottom holes.
Check out the indoor section above to learn how to fertilize gerbera daisy.
Gerbera daisy is perennial in frost-free climates and blooms intermittently at any time of the year in frost-free zones. In cold climates, they can bloom from spring to autumn. You can treat it as an annual or overwinter it indoors as it can’t tolerate freezing temperatures below 30 F (-1).
Mulching and Composting
Add a layer of mulch and compost in gerberas growing outdoors either on the ground or in the pots. Spring and early summer is time to do that. It’ll help the soil to retain moisture and keep it cool during hot weather.
Deadheading of the outdoor Gerbera is done the same way as indoor ones.
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Gerbera Daisy Benefits
Apart from being the most popular cut flower after roses, carnations, chrysanthemums, and tulips. Its flowers can last long up to 14 days in vases.
Also, gerbera daisy is one of the best air purifying plants and known to remove benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene according to the NASA study. The plant, when in bloom promotes happiness due to its colorful blooms.
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