- Growing Dracaena In The Garden – Can You Plant Dracaena Outdoors
- Can You Plant Dracaena Outdoors?
- Growing Dracaena Outdoors
- Dracaena: How to Plant, Grow and Take Care of Decorative Plants at Home
- Dracaena Seed Germination
- Cutting Dracaena as an Effective Way of Plants Propagation
- Dracaena Planting: How to Grow Dracaena Indoors?
- Right Outdoor Dracaena Growing
- Why Do Dracaena Leaves Die?
- Essential Tips on Dracaena Care
- Potential Problems to Fight: Diseases and Pests
- GET DRACAENA INFOGRAPHIC THAT SHOWS YOU EXACTLY HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR PLANT
- How to Grow and Care for the Fuss-free Dracaena Marginata
- Tips to Grow Dracaena marginata Indoors
- Outdoor Dracaena marginata Care
- Cacti: Resistant and Aesthetic
- Desert Rose
- Coconut Palm Tree
- Dracaena Fragrans
- Corn Plant Basic Houseplant Care
Growing Dracaena In The Garden – Can You Plant Dracaena Outdoors
Dracaena is one of the most commonly sold houseplants, but dracaena in the garden outside is much less common. This is a beloved houseplant but not everyone can grow it outdoors. It requires constant warmth, so only attempt this if you have a warm, near tropical climate.
Can You Plant Dracaena Outdoors?
Dracaena varieties are among the most popular houseplants because they have gorgeous foliage, come in a lot of different sizes and colors, and because they are difficult to kill. One sure way to kill your dracaena is to plant it outdoors in a climate that is too cold. Dracaena is a tropical plant that won’t tolerate frost.
If you live in zones 9, 10, or 11, though, go for it. Dracaena thrives outdoors in areas that are frost free. Zone 9 can be a little risky in the winter months. If you live somewhere that gets an occasional frost, be prepared to protect your outdoor dracaena plants with some kind of covering.
Growing Dracaena Outdoors
If you do have the right climate for it, dracaena in the landscape can add drama and beauty. There are so many varieties to choose from with different heights and shapes, leaf colors, and leaf patterns and textures. These plants aren’t too picky, so nearly any soil type will do. They do best in richer soils, though, so add compost or other organic material to give it the best conditions.
For light, choose a spot that is not in direct sun. Most dracaena do best with a lot of indirect light but not too much shade. Make sure your plant gets enough water but avoid standing water. It should be somewhere with soil that drains well. Use a basic fertilizer every couple weeks during the growing season to encourage more growth.
Be sure that you know the specific needs of any dracaena variety you choose. They should be very similar, but there may be some differences, especially in size and how much space the plants need. Some varieties stay low, while others grow up to several feet tall.
Once your dracaena is established outside, you won’t have to give it much attention or care. These plants are famously easy to grow, and this is true of growing them outdoors too as long as you give them the right conditions.
Dracaena: How to Plant, Grow and Take Care of Decorative Plants at Home
Images of dracaena plant and pictures
As dracaena is a very beautiful plant, it requires proper care and attention. Unfortunately, not everyone knows how to grow it. If you’d like to have this flower in your home as well, then follow our tips and find out more about care for dracaena.
Among a huge variety of plants that are used for home, office, apartments, malls and landscape decoration, dracaena family is the one you can meet practically everywhere. This group of plants enumerates nearly 40 species that vary in sizes and forms
✔ We Released The Dracaena HandBook
Not all 40 kinds of this plant can be found in garden centers. In most cases, people choose those types of dracaena that grow between 2 and 10 feet. To the commonest of them belong:
Marginata (the Madagascar dragon-tree or red-edged flower) is a quite thin dracaena plant with purplish-red leaves and curving stalks. It grows between 8 and 15 feet tall and has a spread of 3-8 feet.
Sanderiana (the lucky bamboo plant) is another type that is mainly chosen as an office or home plant. It requires less maintenance and is rather hardy.
Fragrans (the corn plant) grows best in tropical and sub-tropical climates. Its narrow arched foliage resembles corn plants, and when the plant grows in the wild, it can reach 40-50 feet.
Deremensis (the green plant) is characterized by a greater number of cultivars then specimen. The largest of them is Janet Craig (10 feet tall).
The description doesn’t give the full image of the plants. Viewing dracaena images you’ll be able to choose the species you like the most, but remember that pictures can’t provide the needed information about plant growing.
Dracaena Seed Germination
Instead of cutting dracaena seeds, you must sow them into the soil and keep the soil moist. No matter what type of plant you choose and where you are going to grow it, the seeds will take about 30-40 days to start sprouting. This is why it is recommended to soak them in warm water for about five days to improve germination. Don’t forget to change water daily.
Cutting Dracaena as an Effective Way of Plants Propagation
In case you have no seeds to plant, you can easily use cutting to propagate these plants. All you need for propagation is to take six or eight inch long cuttings of the plant you wish to spread and plant the cuttings into pots. About 2/3 of a cutting should be above the soil, which must be kept moist.
As a rule, it takes a few months before one can see the signs of new growth.
Dracaena Planting: How to Grow Dracaena Indoors?
Planting dracaena indoors is not as easy as it seems to be, especially, when you are going to place it in pots or containers to decorate any interior. So, how to plant dracaena?
- take a container with drainage, fill it with a potting mix and then place the plant (cutting) into it;
- choose bright area, but try to avoid direct light. The area should be warm, as these plants never do well in cold places;
- drain the plant with water (distilled, rain or day-tap).
Right Outdoor Dracaena Growing
Growing this plant outdoors requires special consideration. To begin with, you are to select a proper place. It shouldn’t be too bright or too dark. Areas with filtered light are the most optimal. One more tip: the plant should be placed in soil that drains well.
Dig a hole in the chosen area. It should be twice as large as the plant’s root. The root system should be surrounded by soil in order to spread up quite easily. Stomp down the hole, fill the soil that remained and stomp it down again (this will ensure firmness of the ground).
When caring for dracaena water it not more than two or three times per week during the first 20 days, and then – once per week.
Why Do Dracaena Leaves Die?
Too many people are getting worried about the plant’s leaves: they start turning brown from the tip, and then the entire leaf becomes brown and dies. Pruning dead leaves away, you won’t settle up the problem.
Think of the reasons that led to such results. One of the commonest ones is that leaves were underwatered or overwatered. Always use well-drained soil to avoid problems in the future. Besides, it is important to make sure that the pot is well-drained too.
Essential Tips on Dracaena Care
Proper cultivation takes an important part in plant maintenance. Not everyone knows how to prune a dracaena, when to start transplanting it and what care instructions to keep to. The following tips are going to be your guide in the process of proper plant growing.
- Light: this plant is quite tolerant of a wide range of conditions. It grows best in bright and indirect light. Low light can be handled pretty fine as well, but the plant will grow much slower.
- Temperature: it should always be warm, regardless of the season outside. When the temperature falls below 65°F, the plant will not grow. Sometimes, it even dies.
- Humidity: if the surrounding humidity is high, the plant grows well. The humidity can be even increased with the help of pebbles placed below the plant.
- Fertilizers: such needs are pretty simple. In summer and spring you can apply water-soluble house-plant fertilizer two times a month. When it is winter or autumn outside, the fertilizer is not needed.
- Fluoride: these plants are very sensitive to it, so exposure to this chemical should be minimized. Fluoride can be found in tap water, that’s why it is essential to use pure and clean water.
Potential Problems to Fight: Diseases and Pests
Dracaena can get various pests (mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, etc) and this is why it is highly important to know about natural solutions for them.
Spider mites are sucking insects that cause the leaves get ragged. To get rid of them, you can spray the plant with insecticides for houseplants. Mealy bugs, as well as scale, are easily avoided by an insecticide that contains pyrethrin.
The most common diseases that affect the plant include:
- Flecking – leaves have yellow and white spots near tips. The disease is treated by maintaining moderate moisture, light conditions and temperature.
- Fluoride toxicity – leaves have dark brown and dead areas with yellow borders. Management: avoid using soil amendments that contain fluoride.
- Fusarium leaf spot – reddish spots on young leaves. The plant can be saved with the help of applying iprodione, thiophanate methyl, mancozeb and chlorothalonil.
- Soft rot – soft, brown rot and foul odor on rooted cuttings. Management: the only way out is to buy plants without diseases and get rid of those that have them.
Dracaena plants have beautiful color patterns (with pink, yellow, white and red stripes) and can spice up any area. If you know when to transplant, how to care for them and keep to all the above mentioned recommendations, you’ll have healthy plants that will amaze everyone around.
✔ We Released The Dracaena HandBook
GET DRACAENA INFOGRAPHIC THAT SHOWS YOU EXACTLY HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR PLANT
All publications about dracaena are below
How to Grow and Care for the Fuss-free Dracaena Marginata
Otherwise known as the ‘Madagascar dragon tree’, or ‘red-edged dracaena’, the Dracaena marginata is a popular houseplant that is easy to grow. Here are a few tips about growing this hardy plant.
According to the NASA Clean Air Study, Dracaena Marginata is one among those common indoor plants that can purify toxins in the air.
Native to Madagascar, Dracaena Marginata is a plant species that belongs to the genus Dracaena. This genus comprises around 40 species, and many of them are grown for ornamental purposes. When compared to other species of the genus, the Dracaena Marginata has narrower leaves. On an average, the leaves can be around 30 to 40 centimeters long. The plant has slender, grayish-brown, woody stems, that are often called canes. Young plants have very short stems, with a tuft of upright, sword-like leaves. As they grow, new leaves emerge; and the mature ones arch over, turn yellow, and fall off. Without pruning, the Dracaena Marginata may reach of height of around 15 feet. Plants growing outdoors may produce tiny white flowers and yellowish berries.
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The original species has dark-green, glossy leaves, with thin, red-colored margins. You may also find some cultivars with slightly different features. The leaves of the Dracaena marginata ‘tricolor’ has yellow-colored bands next to the red margins and through the center. The cultivar named ‘Tarzan’ has broader leaves that are retained on the plant for a longer time, when compared to other cultivars. Each stem has upright, new leaves that tend to arch sideways and downwards, before they turn yellow and fall off. So, this cultivar has long stems with a ball of spiky leaves on their tips. Another variety called ‘colorama’ has pinkish-red leaves with greenish-yellow hues. ‘Magenta’ is a variety that has green leaves with broad, purple margins. You can prune and grow Dracaena Marginata plants as bushes, or else, allow them to grow as straight or staggered canes. Even character forms are available in garden stores. Large specimens and character forms may cost more than the others.
The Dracaena Marginata is a tough plant that can be grown easily with minimal care and maintenance. However, they too have certain basic requirements that have to be met with, if you want these plants to grow healthy. They can be grown indoors as well as outdoors. Cultivars with colorful leaves are usually planted outdoors, because the leaves may turn pale without bright light. They can be grown as houseplants in bright indoor locations. Here are some useful tips to grow these plants properly.
Tips to Grow Dracaena marginata Indoors
Propagation and Planting
The Dracaena Marginata can be propagated using seeds or stem cuttings. It is really easy to grow these plants from stem cuttings. All you need to do is root the stem cuttings during spring. For best results, you can use a rooting hormone and provide bottom heat. Stem cuttings can be grown in water too. If you have the seeds of this plant, you can start them indoors before the last frost. Another method is division of root mass to separate individual plants.
Being one of the top-rated houseplants, this plant is ideal for growing indoors. Grow them in containers with proper drainage holes. Loose, fast-draining soil is preferred. An all-purpose potting mix will also do. It is better to avoid potting medium with perlite.
They are often touted as low-light plants. In fact, low light causes their leaves to turn pale and limp. So, grow these plants in an indoor location with bright, filtered or indirect light. You can go in for a bright, artificial light, or a few hours of indirect morning sun. Avoid exposing these plants to direct sun, as they won’t tolerate harsh sunlight for a long time. Too much light may burn the leaves.
Temperature and Humidity
The Dracaena marginata grows well in a temperature range of 65° to 75°F. These plants may not tolerate low and freezing temperatures. So, it is better to keep them in locations with a temperature that does not fall below 50°F. Temperatures above 95°F may also prove detrimental for the plant. As they like some amount of humidity, misting the leaves in between may prove beneficial, especially when the air becomes too dry. Avoid keeping them in rooms with a central heating system where fresh air is not available.
Watering and Feeding
Unlike outdoor plants, the indoor ones need not be watered frequently. Soggy soil is a strict no-no, as it can cause root rot. You must avoid watering the plant, even if the soil is slightly wet. It would be beneficial to empty the drainage saucer after watering. Use tepid, filtered water for these plants. Tap water may contain salt and fluorides that might cause browning of leaf tips. Though these plants do not need fertilizers, light-feeding during spring and summer will be enough for them. Too much fertilizer may also burn the leaves.
Pests and Diseases
The indoor ones especially are not prone to pest and diseases. However, they may develop leaf spots at times. In that case, remove the affected leaves and avoid overhead watering. Unhealthy plants may get infested with pests like spider mites and mealybugs. Spray the plants with a soapy solution, so as to get rid of these pests. Root rot is another condition that can be prevented with less frequent watering.
Pruning and Repotting
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These plants may grow long with some leaves on the tips of their bare stems. If you want to make your plant more compact and bushy, cut the stems to the desired height. Within some time, new growths will emerge below the cut. You can root the cut stems in the same container, so that they grow into new plants. You could also grow them in separate containers.
Repotting can be done once in every two or three years, during spring. Usually, plants are repotted when they become too big for the containers. In order to repot a Dracaena marginata, you have to remove the existing container after watering the soil. Excess soil has to be removed from the roots, and a new, bigger container has to be used for growing the plant. You have to replace the potting medium too. If the plant has too many roots, it will be better to remove some of them before transplanting.
This is an ideal indoor plant, if you grow them in locations with bright, indirect light. Make sure that you dust the leaves in between. You can also wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. This is beneficial for preventing pests like spider mites. Apart from that, dust-covered leaves may not purify the air.
Outdoor Dracaena marginata Care
Choose a location with bright, indirect light. Direct morning sun will also work for this plant. It is better to avoid harsh afternoon sun, especially in regions with very hot summers. The soil must be well-drained with a preferred pH range of 5.6 to 7.5. The plant can be easily grown in USDA zones 10a to 11. The location must have enough space to accommodate the plant as it grows, and must protect it from winds. You must leave a space of at least three feet between individual plants. You can also enhance the soil by adding a good amount of compost, before planting. When compared to indoor plants, the outdoor ones need frequent watering. However, over-watering should be avoided. Young plants require frequent watering till they establish themselves. It is better to avoid growing it on the ground, if you live in locations with very cold weather. In that case, grow it in a container that can be shifted indoors during freezing temperatures.
In short, Dracaena marginata plants are not fussy and require minimal care. Though this plant is said to be safe for kids, it can be toxic for dogs and cats. Pets may develop symptoms like vomiting, lack of appetite, drooling, dilated pupils, weakness, etc., after ingesting any part of this plant. In that case, contact your vet as soon as you notice any of these symptoms.
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A unique and special way to decorate is the use of terrace plants. In fact, a terrace without plants is like a garden without flowers, something is missing. For this reason, it is interesting to know what plants we can put on our terrace so that we can enjoy a cozy and refreshing place without having to worry too much about taking care of them. If you have a sunny terrace where the plants can sit under without harm, it is important to know what type of plants to put in so they can last long and resist the hottest months. For this reason, in ShBarcelona we are going to talk to you in this article about the best outdoor plants if your terrace is sunny so you can show off your terrace without worrying too much.
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Cacti: Resistant and Aesthetic
Although they are not popular because of their difficulty in handling them due to their thorns, some varieties of cactus are beautiful and can bring a touch of design and appeal to your terrace. Do not settle for only the green cactus, which thanks to its size and shape can be very aesthetic, but also on the varieties that bloom, providing a touch of color and a very beautiful and flattering contrast. Remember that you must water them very little since they are species that live in a desert (dry) climates. Another important thing when it comes to keeping them alive and beautiful is that the substrate of the cactus does not store water or moisture, as the specimen may rot. They are perfect to adapt to direct sunlight – as long as you keep your hands off the thorns.
Photo credit: geoff.whalan on Visualhunt / CC BY-NC-ND
One of the plants most used to color and dress a sunny garden or terrace is the desert rose. Its name is due to the color of its flowers, an intense pink. (And yes, the name of a Sting song.) It is a very resistant plant that has the capacity to store water in its trunk, which makes it ideal for hot climates and sunny spaces. If you keep the plants, which are the heat and the sun, this plant will be grateful and bloom all year round, so you can enjoy its colorful flowers much of the time. They can grow in a pot that you will have to change as the plant grows.
Coconut Palm Tree
Photo credit: Terry Hassan on VisualHunt / CC BY-NC-SA
If you have space in your garden or a terrace with large enough planters, you can give a tropical touch to your outdoor space with a variety of palm trees perfect for arid and hot climates. Coconut palms are super resistant and hold what you throw at them hurricane winds or suffocating climates. Remember to place it in an area that does not retain moisture and water it often with little water. Another advantage is the wonderful shade it provides, so it is perfect to give the space a completely natural opaque zone.
Related Article: Vertical Gardens in Barcelona
These trees and flowers are good to spruce up the area and make it attractive to others when going outside. For the very hot places, these can survive there under the sizzling sun. Consider these to add to your terrace.
Do you have a very sunny terrace? What plants do you have on the terrace?
If your a grower needing a plant for a center piece in a room or a focal point, this is one of those types of species which looks the part. Once it begins to mature and grows over 4 feet in height it makes an ideal office or hotel plant and looks the business in large living rooms and hallways.
What’s great about growing a corn plant as well as how attractive they look is they’re fairly easy to care for and maintain – like many other dracaena plants.
How it looks: This plant grows with one or more canes (stems) and then produces new stems and a crown of leaves near the top of the cane. These canes can grow up to 6 ft or more indoors or they can be cut at the top as soon as they reach a suitable height.
The most popular types of leaves on the D.fragrans can be green on the outer edge and yellow in the center (D. fragrans massangeana), or yellow and green striped edges with green in the center (D. fragrans lindenni). The broad and glossy lanceolate leaves arch over and sit nicely within a rosette.
Flowering: The corn plant produces fragrant flowers in it’s natural habitat, but it’s not likely to bloom indoors – although they can. It’s the foliage that’s the real attraction for this plant.
Removing toxins: The dracaena fragrans was a plant used in the NASA’s clean air study which proved to remove a considerable amount of toxins from the environment.
Easy to grow: The corn plant is fairly easy to grow and quite tolerant of neglect (i.e., low light levels and lack of water), although it will start looking unattractive when neglected. The worst thing’s to do with this plant is over water it or let it stay in direct sunlight for too long, otherwise it’s a tough cookie.
Corn Plant Basic Houseplant Care
Corn Plant Basic Care
Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) is commonly seen as houseplants, borders, and temperate greenhouses. Corn Plant can occur as evergreen shrubs or small trees. Requiring low light and moderate watering, Corn Plant houseplants are easy to care for and make beautiful additions to any home.
Corn Plant Care: Light Requirements
Caring for Corn Plant is relatively easy because Corn Plant thrives in areas of the home or garden with low light making a position in a corner or hallway and ideal location.
Corn Plant Care: Water Requirements
Corn Plant houseplants prefer an environment that is evenly moist and moderately humid. Corn Plant can also tolerate lower amounts of watering but take care not to forget about the plants for too long. A rule of thumb for watering is to water every 7-10 days or when no moisture is felt when a finger is placed about an inch inside of the soil. Water Corn Plant until the soil becomes moist but be careful not to water excessively as over watering may result in leaf drop, wilting, or possibly death of the plant. Reduce watering in winter.
Corn Plant Care: Fertilizer Requirements
For a full and healthy plant, care for Dracaena fragrans massangeana by applying a balanced (20-20-20) liquid fertilizer monthly or reduce to quarter strength and apply when watering.
Corn Plant Care: Pests & Diseases
Corn Plants, one of the poisonous houseplants, are more resistant to infection and infestation than many other plants. However, some pests are still problematic for Corn Plant houseplants. Spider mites are the most typical along with scale insects and mealy bugs. Corn Plant houseplants are also very sensitive to nutrient inadequacies such as excessive fluoride or born and calcium deficiency.
Corn Plant Care: Propagation & Potting
Propagating Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) is commonly done through seed. Sow seed at 64-70oF in the spring. Variegated cultivars will not come true under these circumstances. Another option is to root semi-ripe cuttings and leafless stem sections in the summer using bottom heat. This process is slightly quicker but can be more difficult.
When caring for Corn Plant, grow in soil-based potting mix or standard potting mix. If moving Corn Plant to the outdoors, grow in moderately fertile soil. Pot on or top dress in spring to ensure healthy and nutritious soil during the growing season.
Purchase Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) from your local florist.