3 Interesting facts about roses
- The oldest living rose is thought to be about 1000 years old. Grown on the wall of the cathedral in Hildesheim in Germany. In 1945 the cathedral was bombed by allied forces but the bush survived.
- Roses do produce some fruit and this is called a rose hip. It is packed with vitamin C and can be made into jam or even brewed in tea.
- Different roses have different meaning attached to them. They are widely recognised as symbols of love, sympathy or sorrow.
Roses have an incredibly long history. In fact, fossil evidence suggests that they are over 35 million years old. Wild ones were used to produce scented oils, rosewater and other fragrances for a long time before they were cultivated. There is evidence to suggest that they were in use in Iraq from as early as 2000 BC. They feature in many different legends in many different societies. For example, according to Arabic legend roses used to be white until a nightingale met one and fell in love with it. Before this point nightingales were not known for their beautiful song but upon seeing the flower he was inspired to sing for the first time. He loved it so much that he pressed himself to it and the thorns pierced his heart turning the flower red forever. In Greek mythology the rose was said to have been created by Aphrodite the Goddess of love using her tears and the blood of her lover Adonis. Roses were incredibly popular in Roman society. They actually ended up being synonymous with the worst excesses of the Roman Empire. Emperors used to fill swimming baths and fountains with rosewater and would sit on a carpet of petals for their feasts and orgies. They would drop petals in wine to try to stave off drunkenness and high society women would also use the petals in a poultice to try to reduce wrinkles. Victorious armies would be showered in petals by civilians on their return. Romans were so obsessed with them that peasants were forced to grow them for their leaders rather than food.
What are the advantages and benefits of growing roses?
Roses are incredibly popular. They constantly top favourite flower lists and it is easy to see why. With such a huge range of gorgeous colours and styles and with many having an excellent fragrance there is sure to be one to suit every garden. These highly versatile plants can be grown in pots, borders, over arches, pergolas or used as ground cover and are sure to brighten up any area. If cared for correctly they are very easy to grow and they will live for a very long time. Their excellent ornamental value makes them a brilliant flower for cutting and bringing inside to enjoy the blooms. They are often hardy and quite a lot of the varieties have good disease resistance. The fruit that they often produce is also beneficial. They produce rose hips which is the fruit left over after they drop their petals. They are packed with vitamin C and can be used to brew in tea and can also be used to make jam and other preserves.
What to look for when buying a rose bush
The first thing to think about when buying one is what type you want. There are such a large variety to choose from and each of them have different requirements and growing habits so it is important to choose one that works best in your garden. On the whole flower form, colour and scent is a matter of personal taste. However, there are a few things to consider. For example, do you want to buy a repeat flowering one? If so a climber might be a better choice than a rambler as they tend to flower repeatedly whereas a rambler tends to flower impressively but only does it once in June. Finally you need to consider how you want to grow it. For example, if you want a container grown rose a patio or miniature one would be the best choice over one with a bigger bushier habit.
Are there different types of rose bush?
There are many different types of roses. In fact there are thought to be over 30,000 varieties worldwide with over 150 species. Some are obviously more popular than others and more likely to be cultivated. Some never make it to the popular market and others are often replaced with newer varieties. However, there is still an overwhelming amount of choice and plenty of styles to choose from. The ones that are most commonly grown in the UK are Hybrid Tea, Floribunda, Miniatures and Dwarfs.
How easy is it to grow rose bushes?
Roses are one of the most popular flowers to grow in Britain. They can live for up to 20 years with proper care and maintenance. However, there are a few pitfalls to avoid when trying to grow them. Roses do require watering when there has been a few days of dry weather especially newly planted roses and those growing in sandy soil. They also require frequent hoeing and benefit from having a layer of mulch on the soil surface. For more information about how to successfully grow your rose bush please
Does it matter where I place my rose bush?
It is important to choose the correct position for your rose bush. They need to be placed in a sunny spot if they are to thrive. They also need to be placed in a spot which is sheltered from cold winds and placed in soil which has good drainage. They will not grow in waterlogged soil. If you have decided to grow a climbing variety you will also need to consider how much space it needs to have to grow to its eventual height. For more information about how to plant and maintain a climbing rose please
Are there any disadvantages to growing rose bushes?
Roses are susceptible to a few pests and diseases but these issues can be fixed with proper care and attention. They may struggle to establish if they are planted poorly, given little in the way of aftercare or planted where a rose has been planted before. They may suffer from a sickness known as replant disease. Replant disease occurs when a plant is replaced with the same type in the same position. For most plants this doesn’t cause an issue but for some, including roses, the new plant will fail to thrive or grow well. This doesn’t just occur in areas where the previous plant was well established. The roots of the previous plant only need to have been in the soil for a few months for this to occur. In severe cases replant disease can cause the new plant to die and the fine roots might turn rotten or grow poorly. However, this issue can be fixed fairly easily by lifting the plant, shaking off all the soil and replanting it in a different site. The plant often recovers if these steps are taken. One other problem that these plants face is rose black spot. This is the most serious rose disease. It is caused by the fungus Diplocarpon rosae which infects the leaves and greatly reduces plant vigour. Large purple or black patches appear on the leaves in spring and they turn yellow and drop. Small black lesions might also appear on young stems. Plants that are badly affected might lose all their leaves. To fix this issue make sure to collect and destroy any of the fallen leaves in autumn and prune out the lesions in spring. This will help to delay the onset of the disease. Use fungicides such as tebuconazole (Bayer Fungus Fighter Concentrate), tebuconazole with trifloxystrobin (Bayer Fungus Fighter Plus), and triticonazole (Scotts Fungus Clear Ultra and Scotts Fungus Clear Ultra Gun) to help keep in control of the issue.
Buy the Best Roses
Roses are some of the most delicate and beautiful blooms any gardener can have in their special space. However, there are so many different varieties, that choosing what to buy at your local nursery can be extremely daunting. Do you pick the plant with the most blooms? The most fragrant plant? The largest one? To see a beautiful example of a garden designed with roses as the focus, read this article by Paul Zimmerman.
Back when I lived in Los Angeles and ran a rose garden care company, I did some designing of what I called “gardens grown around roses”. I always found it to be fun and enjoyed challenging myself to find interesting new ways to incorporate roses into a landscape. When I moved to South Carolina and started my former rose nursery I stopped due to time constraints. Recently I was approached to help with a garden from scratch because the homeowners love roses. This project is just underway but I’m going to blog about it periodically because I hope you will not only learn some things but because it will also inspire you to try some different things with roses!
The space is on a hillside and has several different areas. Some will be slightly formal and some casual and the terrain, light conditions and needs of the space will dictate that. We are starting with the driveway area. The final surface for the driveway isn’t down yet so this is the perfect time to make decisions here so we can lay any irrigation lines etc before the final surfacing. Read more.
How to Buy the Best Roses
Here’s how you can choose the best rose plant to bring into your garden.
1. Look out for insects and disease. If you find any sign of either on the shrub, don’t buy it.
2. Check the height and width of the plant. Check the projected height and width on the plant tag to make sure the plant will be the right size for the space you have in mind.
3. Look for buds instead of blooms. If there are more buds than blooms, this means that the real rose show will occur in your garden instead of at the nursery.
4. Check the roots. First, tip the plant out of its container. Look for healthy, white roots. They should not be circling the root ball.
Once you’ve found a plant that meets this criteria, you know you’ll have a winning rose plant!
Get our latest tips, how-to articles, and instructional videos sent to your inbox.
Rose Buying Guide
Choosing the best rose bush
- Purchase roses that are offered in larger pots, usually a 2-gallon container or larger. Avoid smaller sizes because the root system will be smaller and plants will take more time to become established in the garden.
- The canes (also known as stems) should be thick and healthy in appearance.
- Look for healthy, robust leaves that are free of disease and insects.
- The rose bush should have good shape and be properly pruned. If the plant has weak stems or if the branches are falling over, select a different plant.
- Plants should have adequate moisture and not appear dry.
- Consider the spot you have in mind and make sure it will receive at least six hours of sunlight. Many times low light conditions are reasons why some do not see the amount of blooms they might expect during the growing season.
- Check the tag for information about the variety such as how big it will grow. The great thing about the varieties in Easy Elegance® is their compact, manageable size. Look for “Roses You Can Grow™” in the red Easy Elegance® pot.
12 Great Landscape Roses
This rose group includes many different types, but floribunda, climber, miniature and shrub roses often fit the category. These rose types truly deliver, blending strong flowering with best disease resistance. Once landscape roses start blooming, flowers keep coming the entire growing season. Blossoms are typically gathered in clusters.
Whether you’re making your first excursion into rose growing or have a yard full of roses, you won’t go wrong trying one of our favorite landscape roses.
Red climbing rose (shown above).
Single blooms. Plants grow 8-15 feet tall; space 6-10 feet apart. Sets hips, which add winter interest. Stems are moderately thorny. USDA Zones 5-10.
Shrub roses in various colors (pink, rose, orange, peach, yellow, cherry red with white eye).
Flowers single or semi-double. Plants grow 2-6 feet tall and wide. USDA Zones 4-10; some varieties die to the ground in USDA Zone 4, but re-sprout in spring.
Double blooms. Plants grow 24-36 inches tall by 18-24 inches wide. USDA Zones 5-10.
Double blooms. Plants grow 18-24 inches tall in most zones, but can reach 3 feet in warmest regions. Space 15-24 inches apart. USDA Zones 5-10.
Single blooms. Plants grow 24-36 inches tall and wide. USDA Zones 4-10.
Double blooms. Plants grow 2-6 feet tall by 3-4 feet wide. USDA Zones 4-10
Single blooms with bright pink spattering on light pink background. Plants grow 24-36 inches tall and wide. USDA Zones 4-10
Semi-double. Look for Knockout roses in pink, yellow, and bicolor blends. Plants grow 2-4 feet tall; space 3 feet apart. USDA Zones 4-10
Single to semi-double blooms. Plants grow 6-12 feet tall by 3-6 feet wide. Growth varies based on region, forming a 6-8-foot-tall rose in colder climes and reaching climber size (10-12 feet tall) in warmest zones. USDA Zones 5-10.
Double blooms. Plants grow 24-36 inches tall by 18-24 inches wide. USDA Zones 5-10.
Semi-double to single blooms. Plants grow 24-48 inches tall; space 18-24 inches apart. USDA Zones 5-10.
Landscape roses don’t require tricky pruning, but regular pruning keeps plants compact. Pruning is vital for roses tucked in tight planting situations, such as entries or along sidewalks, and improves flowering in hedges.
Many ground-cover roses don’t require pruning at all, unless canes begin to reach into areas surrounding plantings. Alternatively, you can prune plants back annually by one-third to one-half to encourage fresh growth.
Using hedge shears, lightly prune plants to maintain size. Prune in winter (just before plants break dormancy in coldest zones). Also trim lightly after a flush of blooms, as flowers fade. This type of post-bloom pruning increases flower number, yielding plants blanketed with blossoms.
Your local Cooperative Extension System office is an excellent source for information on which plants will grow best in your area.
Tips For How To Buy Rose Plants
By Stan V. Griep
American Rose Society Consulting Master Rosarian – Rocky Mountain District
Deciding to plant roses in your garden can be exciting and at the same time intimidating. Buying rose plants does not need to be intimidating if you know what to look for. Once we have the new rose bed home all ready to go, it is time to pick out some rose bushes for it and below you will find advice on where to buy rose bushes.
Tips for How to Buy Rose Bushes
First of all, I highly recommend the beginning rose gardeners NOT buy any of the rose bushes you can buy cheaply that come in plastic bags, some with wax on their canes. Many of these rose bushes have severely cut back or damaged root systems.
Many of them are misnamed and, thus, you will not get the same rose blooms as are shown on their covers or tags. I know of rose gardeners who have purchased what was to be a red blooming Mister Lincoln rose bush and instead got white blooms.
Also, if the root system of the rose bush is severely damaged or cut back, the chances of the rose bush failing are very high. Then the new rose loving gardener blames his or herself and goes on to say roses are just too hard to grow.
You do not need to purchase roses locally. You can order your rose bushes online very easily these days. The miniature and mini-flora roses are shipped to you in little pots ready to take out and plant. Many will arrive either with a bloom on them or buds that will open very soon. The other rose bushes may be ordered as what is called bare root rose bushes.
Choosing Types of Roses for Your Garden
Which types of roses you choose to buy depends on what you are looking to get out of your roses.
- If you like the high centered tight blooms like you see at most florist shops, the Hybrid Tea rose may be what you want. These roses grow tall and usually do not bush out too much.
- Some Grandiflora rose bushes grow tall as well and have those nice blooms; however, they typically are more than one bloom to a stem. In order to get one nice big bloom, you would have to disbud (remove some of the buds) early on to allow the rose bush’s energy to go to the buds left.
- Floribunda rose bushes are usually shorter and bushy and love to load up with bouquets of blooms.
- Miniature and Mini-flora rose bushes have smaller blooms and some of the bushes are smaller as well. Keep in mind, though, that the “mini” refers to the size of the bloom and not necessarily the size of the bush. Some of these rose bushes will get big!
- There are also climbing rose bushes that will climb up a trellis, up and over an arbor or a fence.
- Shrub rose bushes are nice too but need plenty of room to fill out nicely as they grow. I love the David Austin English style blooming shrub roses, a couple of favorites are Mary Rose (pink) and Golden Celebration (rich yellow). Nice fragrance with these as well.
Where Can I Purchase Rose Plants?
If your budget can afford at least one or two of the rose bushes from companies like Rosemania.com, Roses of Yesterday and Today, Weeks Roses or Jackson & Perkins Roses, I would still go that route. Some of these dealers sell their roses through reputible garden nurseries as well. Build your rose bed slowly and with good stock. The rewards for doing so are wonderful to say the least. If you do get a rose bush that for some unknown reason will not grow, these companies are excellent at replacing the rose bush for you.
If you must buy the $1.99 to $4.99 bagged rose bushes for sale at your local big box store, please go into it knowing that you may lose them and that it most likely is not due to any fault of your own. I have grown roses for over 40 years and my success rate with the bagged rose bushes has been only so-so. I have found them to take far more TLC and many times with no reward at all.