- Black Currant
- Black Currant Tea
- Black Currant Benefits
- How to Use Black Currants
- Black Currant History
- 1. Blackcurrant has a lower glycemic index value.
- 2. Blackcurrant can help individuals fight infections.
- 3. Blackcurrant can be great for your hair and skin.
- 4. Blackcurrant can assist in antioxidant defense.
- 5. Blackcurrant can assist in red blood cell formation.
- 6. Blackcurrant can help you sleep better at night.
- 7. Blackcurrant may help improve your digestive system.
- Black Currant Oil
- Black Currant Oil Information And Description
- Uses For Black Currant:
- Black Currant Is Available In:
- Black Currant Herb/Drug Interactions:
- Other Safety Concerns:
- When Buying Black Currant Oil:
- Black Currant Dosage:
- Child Dosage:
- Dr. Weil Says:
- New Zealand Blackcurrent Co-operative
- Research into Health Benefits of Blackcurrants
- A Review of the Research
- Black Currant Tea–The Benefits of Vitamin C in Your Tea
- What are Black Currants?
- Black Currant Tea Benefits
- Black Currant Tea Side Effects
- Drinking Black Currant Tea
- What is Black Currant Tea?
- Black Currant Nutrition
- What are The Health Benefits of Black Currant tea?
- How Do you Make Black Currant Tea?
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Final Thoughts
- What is Black Currant?
- Black Currant Scientific Name
- Black Currant Plant
- How to grow Black Currant?
- Black Currant Nutrition Facts
- Black Currant Health Benefits
- Black Currant Uses
- Black Currant Recipes
- Black Currant Extract
- Black currant Seed oil
- Black currant Disease
Nutritional Elements that Decrease AD Risk
Much of the work on nutrition and AD risk has focused on the effects of individual nutritional elements. For example, one study showed that fruits such as black currants and bilberries lessen AD pathology in the APP/PS1 mouse model of AD (Vepsäläinen et al., 2013). Similarly, addition of pomegranate extract to the diet of another mouse model of AD improved performance on memory tasks (Subash et al., 2015). In a cell culture study, cocoa powder extract was able to promote brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signalling, even in the presence of Aβ (Cimini et al., 2013). An extract from green tea, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), has been shown to improve memory in a mouse model of AD (Walker et al., 2015). Long-term treatment with resveratol, a nutritional element from red wine, was found to decrease cognitive impairments and AD pathology in a mouse model of AD (Porquet et al., 2013). Resveratol derivatives have been shown to rescue Abeta-induced impairments in LTP (Wang et al., 2014). Taken together, these studies show that individual nutritional elements have the potential to influence AD risk.
The benefits of the foods described above are typically attributed to their antioxidant properties, and indeed, nutrients that act as antioxidants, such as vitamin E, beta carotene, and vitamin C can lower the risk of AD (Li, Shen, & Ji, 2012). However, some nutritional elements may be directly interacting with pathological components. EGCG and curcumin have been shown to have antiamyloidogenic properties, including the ability to regulate neprilysin activity, likely resulting in greater clearance of Aβ (Hyung et al., 2013; Melzig & Janka, 2003; Wang et al., 2014). Other compounds such as resveratrol may modulate tau pathology by regulating the activity of GSK3-β, an enzyme that can lead to the hyperphosphroylation of tau (Varamini, Sikalidis, & Bradford, 2014). Nutritional elements from apples may also directly interact with the molecular components of AD (Hyson, 2011). Apple juice concentrate has been shown to increase availability of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter reduced in AD (Chan, Graves, & Shea, 2006). Nutrition can also modulate the activity of presenilin, a protein that is mutated in some forms of familial, early-onset AD. While deficits in folate and vitamin E enhance presenilin activity and increase levels of Aβ, apple juice can reduce this overactivity (Chan & Shea, 2006, 2007, 2009). Interestingly, in a religious order study, those with higher levels of folate in the blood were more likely to be cognitively intact in spite of the presence of AD pathology (Snowdon, Tully, Smith, Riley, & Markesbery, 2000; Wang et al., 2012). Therefore, increasing folate through apple consumption may enhance cognitive function by regulating presenilin activity and rescuing amyloid-induced degeneration. Another nutritional element, caffeine, has also been shown to decrease cognitive impairments and Abeta levels in mouse models of AD (Arendash et al., 2006; Chu et al., 2012; Han, Jia, Li, Yang, & Min, 2013; Laurent et al., 2014). Additional benefits of caffeine include increased absorption of zinc and inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that may be increased in AD and responsible for causing the reduction in acetylcholine (Chang & Ho, 2014; Pohanka & Dobes, 2013).
Although studying individual foods and nutritional elements can be illuminating, it is likely more relevant to study patterns of eating (Eskelinen, Ngandu, Tuomilehto, Soininen, & Kivipelto, 2011). Studies on the Mediterranean diet have indicated that following a diet high in fruits, vegetables, extra virgin olive oil, and low in meat products and sugar are beneficial in lowering the risk of AD and slowing the rate of cognitive decline in humans and in mouse models of AD (Grossi et al., 2013, 2014; Gu, Nieves, Stern, Luchsinger, & Scarmeas, 2010; Lourida et al., 2013; Ozawa et al., 2013; Shah, 2013; Singh et al., 2014; Vassallo & Scerri, 2013). In twin studies, a nonsignificant trend toward decreased risk of AD was observed in the twin with a diet higher in fruits and vegetables (Gustaw-Rothenberg, 2009; Hughes et al., 2010). These observations have led to the development of multinutrient interventions in mouse models of AD, which have been shown to improve learning and memory and decrease AD-related pathology (Jansen et al., 2013; Jansen et al., 2014; van Wijk et al., 2014; Wiesmann et al., 2013).
While a diet consisting primarily of fish and vegetables may decrease risk of AD, these lifestyle factors may instead be indicative of an overall healthier lifestyle that reduces risk for AD. Thus, more targeted research should be done on dietary factors to determine whether they are the causative factors behind the observed modulation of AD risk (Barberger-Gateau et al., 2007). That may also help resolve some conflicting evidence concerning some dietary interventions. For example, a meta-analysis of antioxidant consumption found that antioxidants do not delay or prevent AD in humans (Crichton, Bryan, & Murphy, 2013; Polidori & Nelles, 2014). A similar result was found in a meta-analysis of the Mediterranean diet (Otaegui-Arrazola, Amiano, Elbusto, Urdaneta, & Martínez-Lage, 2014). Another study even showed that in a mouse model of AD a diet heavy in fish and vegetables exacerbated memory impairments (Parrott, Winocur, Bazinet, Ma, & Greenwood, 2015). Conflicting evidence also exists concerning the risk of high cholesterol on AD. Two 30-year longitudinal studies reached opposite conclusions regarding the risk of high cholesterol as a risk for AD (Mielke et al., 2010; Solomon, Kivipelto, Wolozin, Zhou, & Whitmer, 2009). Therefore, more work should be done on dietary patterns and risk for AD, particularly in the context of other factors known to modify risk for AD. In the meantime, the most recent recommendations for a diet aimed at minimizing risk for AD include reducing consumption of foods high in saturated fats (particularly from dairy and meat); increasing consumption of vegetables and legumes; limiting consumption of metals such as copper, iron, and aluminum; and incorporating regular aerobic exercise (Barnard et al., 2014; Shea & Remington, 2015).
Black Currant Tea
Pungent and fruity, black currant tea is a caffeine-free herbal tea that is made of the leaves and fruit of the black currant plant. The tea has a dark purple color and a full-bodied taste reminiscent of fresh berries.
Packed with vitamins, black currants and the leaves of the black currant shrub are prized for their therapeutic value. In addition to tea made of the berries and leaves of the black currant bush, you can also find black tea flavored with the leaves of the black currant bush.
Health Benefits of Black Currant
Black currants has been used since the Middle Ages to treat a variety of ailments. It is known to stimulate digestion and improve the functioning of the liver, kidneys, spleen, and pancreas.
The abbot Bailley de Montaran of the Dijon Monastery was the first person to publicly present the health benefits and tonic qualities of black currant. Nutrients of the berry include the following.
- Gamma-Linoleic Acid
- Vitamin C
- Potassium salts
Anthocyanins are compounds that are naturally found in berries. They reduce inflammation and may be helpful in treating arthritis.
Since they are rich with anthocyanins, black currants may may help complement and/or potentially replace anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen in some people. The leaves of the black currant bush may be beneficial for people suffering from oliguria due to their diuretic properties.
Additionally, drinking black currant tea may be helpful in treating and preventing several other diseases and conditions including cardiovascular disease, diarrhea, dysentery, cancer, allergies, and asthma. Black currants are also known to improve circulation in menopausal women.
Black currants can be consumed in several ways but they are very pleasant when infused and served as tea. The tea is delicious when served hot with a sweetener or chilled over ice.
To make tea with black currant leaves, add two teaspoons of the chopped leaves to 250ml of boiled water and let them soak for a few minutes.
To make tea from the dried fruits of the black currant bush, add a teaspoon of the dried fruits to 250ml of water and put it over the stove until it boils.
After the water starts bubbling, turn off the heat and let the black currants infuse for around 30 minutes. Or to maximize your enjoyment of the herbal tea and its health benefits, mix the dried fruit with the leaves and infuse them together.
Related Information – Black Currant Tea
Blueberry Iced Tea
Raspberry Leaf Tea
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Nutrient-rich, versatile and jam-packed with health benefits, the black currant may not be well-known around the world, but it should be.
With emerging evidence showing that the black currant possesses antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral properties and may be useful in slowing cancer growth, enhancing immunity and even preventing eye disease, this sour berry should be a must-try on everyone’s list.
Not only can you enjoy this flavorful berry all on its own, but it can also make a delicious addition to everything from baked goods to glazes and more. For even more added convenience, you can also pop a quick capsule of black currant oil to get an instant megadose of its many health benefits.
Whether you’re just hearing of black currants for the first time or they’ve been a longtime favorite in your household, these tart berries are high in health benefits and can be a nutritious addition to any diet.
Black Currant Benefits
1. Rich in Anthocyanins
The deep purple pigment of the black currant is attributed to its high anthocyanin content. Anthocyanins are plant pigments that produce a red, purple or blue hue depending on their pH.
Black currants contain a good variety of different anthocyanins, with some studies showing that they contain up to 15 unique types. (1)
In addition to their role as a plant pigment, anthocyanins also possess many health-promoting properties. Research has shown that anthocyanins may play a role in cancer prevention, heart health, obesity and even diabetes. (2, 3, 4)
They also act as antioxidants, which are compounds that neutralize harmful free radicals to prevent cell damage as well as chronic disease.
In addition to black currants, other anthocyanin-rich foods include berries, eggplant, red cabbage and grapes. Including a good amount of these foods in your diet can have a lasting impact on your health.
2. Helps Reduce Cancer Growth
One of the most impressive benefits of the black currant plant is its powerful effect on cancer. Thanks to its high anthocyanin content, some research has found that black currant extract may help slow the growth of cancer.
In one test-tube study conducted by Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy, black currant extract was shown to help inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells. (5) Another study out of Japan found that black currant extract blocked the spread of breast and endometrial cancer cells. (6)
Other research published in the Journal of Medicinal Food has shown that black currant extract may also be effective in killing off stomach and esophageal cancer cells. (7)
3. Promotes Eye Health
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can cause blurred and distorted vision and may even lead to blindness. This is typically a result of damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that connects the brain to the eyes.
Some studies show that the compounds found in black currants could help prevent glaucoma and promote the health of your eyes.
In one study conducted by Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine’s Department of Ophthalmology in Japan and published in the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, supplementing glaucoma patients with black currant extract was shown to decrease levels of endothelin-1, a type of hormone that is thought to contribute to the development of glaucoma. (8)
Another two-year, randomized, placebo-controlled study, again conducted at the Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, found that black currant anthocyanins helped reduce vision loss and improved blood flow to the eyes in patients with glaucoma. (9)
When used in combination with traditional treatments, black currant may be effective in promoting eye health and preventing vision loss.
4. Boosts Immunity
Black currant is bursting with vitamin C. In fact, just one cup of raw black currants can provide triple the amount you need for the entire day.
Vitamin C is well-known for its immune-enhancing properties. Studies show that vitamin C can shorten the duration of respiratory tract infections and protect against malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea infections, among others. (10)
One review from the Department of Public Health at the University of Helsinki in Finland comprised 12 studies and found that vitamin C supplementation cut common cold incidence by up to 91 percent and slashed the incidence of pneumonia by 80 percent to 100 percent. (11)
Vitamin C also acts as an antioxidant, which can help prevent damage to tissues caused by harmful free radicals and may even reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke. (12)
For best results, pair black currant with other high vitamin C foods, such as fruits and vegetables, to keep your immune system strong.
5. Protects Against Pathogens
In addition to its powerful abilities as an antioxidant, black currant also contains antimicrobial properties that could help protect against harmful bacteria and viruses.
A 2012 study in Japan published in Microbiology and Immunology showed that black currant extract with a concentration of less than 1 percent was able to block the growth of several strains of viruses — including those responsible for adenovirus and influenza — by over 50 percent. An extract of 10 percent concentration was able to block 95 percent of these viruses from sticking to cell surfaces. (13)
Another study from the Department of Microbiology at Asahikawa Medical College in Japan demonstrated that treating strains of influenza with a concentrated amount of black currant extract was able to completely suppress virus growth. (14)
Other research has found that blackcurrant oil may be effective against H. pylori, a type of bacteria that can cause stomach ulcers, abdominal pain and nausea. (15)
Black currant may also be helpful in treating other types of illnesses caused by bacterial infections, such as whooping cough.
6. May Prevent Herpes Outbreaks
Herpes is a common viral infection that affects millions of people worldwide. Symptoms can vary, causing fever blisters on or around the mouth in some people and painful, itchy genital sores in others.
Some studies show that the compounds found in black currant may help kill off the virus that causes both oral and genital herpes.
A study published in Phytotherapy Research showed that black currant extract stopped the herpes virus from adhering to cells and prevented the spread of the virus. (16)
Coupled with traditional treatments and other natural remedies like L-lysine and zinc, black currant may be a useful addition to the diet to help prevent herpes outbreaks.
Known by its scientific name Ribes nigrum, the black currant (also sometimes called blackcurrant) belongs to the gooseberry family of plants. This small shrub is native to certain parts of northern and central Europe as well as Siberia and thrives in the cold temperatures found in these regions.
The black currant bush can produce up to 10 pounds each year of dark purple edible berries that have a tart taste and can be eaten raw or used to make flavorful jams, jellies and juices.
Black currants are nutrient-dense foods, meaning they are low in calories but contain many important nutrients. They are particularly high in vitamin C and can meet and exceed your daily needs in just one serving.
One cup (112 grams) of raw European black currants contains approximately: (17)
- 70.5 calories
- 17.2 grams carbohdyrates
- 1.6 grams protein
- 0.5 gram fat
- 203 milligrams vitamin C (338 percent DV)
- 0.3 milligram manganese (14 percent DV)
- 1.7 milligrams iron (10 percent DV)
- 361 milligrams potassium (10 percent DV)
- 26.9 milligrams magnesium (7 percent DV)
- 66.1 milligrams phosphorus (7 percent DV)
- 1.1 milligrams vitamin E (6 percent DV)
- 61.6 milligrams calcium (6 percent DV)
- 258 IU vitamin A (5 percent DV)
- 0.1 milligram copper (5 percent DV)
- 0.1 milligram thiamine (4 percent DV)
- 0.1 milligram vitamin B6 (4 percent DV)
- 0.4 milligram pantothenic acid (4 percent DV)
How to Use Black Currants
Black currants may be available in some grocery stores as well as online. Keep in mind that they differ from Zante currants, which are simply dried Black Corinth grapes.
The black currant berries have an intense sour flavor and can be either enjoyed raw or used to cook both sweet and savory dishes. Because of their tart taste, many prefer to sweeten them up a bit if eaten raw by using a natural sweetener. They can also be brewed into black currant tea or used to add a unique flavor to juices, jams, sauces, shakes and baked goods.
Here are some easy black currant recipes that you can try:
- Black Currant and Lavender Pie
- Black Currant Chia Nourish Shake
- Black Currant Jam
To squeeze in a quick and concentrated dose of all the beneficial nutrients found in black currants, you can also give black currant oil a try. Frequently found in capsule form, black currant oil is a good source of gamma-linolenic acid, a type of omega-6 essential fatty acid, and is taken to promote healthy skin and hair.
Look for a capsule that contains at least 45 milligrams of GLA with minimal added ingredients, and take 500 milligrams twice daily.
Black Currant History
Black currant has a rich history as a popular natural remedy and has been used for everything from treating gout to relieving PMS symptoms.
In the 1800s, black currant was extremely popular in the United States. In fact, in the 1920 census it was estimated that United States farmers were growing 7,400 acres of currants and gooseberries. However, many Americans today have never tried, let alone heard of, the black currant.
This is because it was later discovered that black currants were responsible for the spread of white pine blister rust, a type of fungus that began gradually killing off white pine trees. This became a major problem, as white pine trees were an essential component of the lumber industry.
By the 1920s, millions of white pine trees had been decimated by white pine blister rust, leading the federal government to ban and begin eradicating the black currant.
Today, most white pine trees have been bred to resist the effects of white pine blister rust. Commercial growth of black currants is no longer banned at the federal level, although several states do still have regulations in place restricting growth.
In Europe, black currants have retained their popularity over the years. In fact, a black currant juice called Ribena was even given to children during World War II to prevent vitamin C deficiency after the import of citrus fruits like oranges, lemons and limes was blocked in the United Kingdom.
Black currant remains a popular ingredient for juices, jams and jellies in Europe. Recent statistics even show that a whopping 97.8 percent of currants grown worldwide are actually found in Europe. (19)
In the United States, black currants are not as common as they once were, but they have begun to thrive again in areas like Connecticut, Oregon and New York.
Recent efforts have begun to breed improved black currant varieties that are less susceptible to disease, yield more fruit and are more resistant to pests.
Possible Side Effects/Caution
Although uncommon, black currant may cause an allergic reaction in some people, especially in those who have a sensitivity to salicylate, a compound that occurs naturally in some plants. If you experience symptoms like rashes, hives or swelling after eating black currant, you should discontinue use immediately.
Black currant seed oil may also cause side effects for some individuals, including gas, headaches and diarrhea.
Those who are taking phenothiazines, a type of anti-psychotic medication, should not take black currant as it may increase the risk of seizure.
Additionally, black currant may slow blood clotting. If you have a bleeding disorder or are taking a medication for blood clotting, such as Warfarin, you should consult with your doctor before taking black currant. You should also not take black currant prior to surgery as it may increase bleeding risk.
Final Thoughts on Black Currant
- Black currants are low in calories but high in many nutrients, especially vitamin C.
- They possesses strong antioxidant, antiviral and antibacterial properties that can help prevent infection and disease and promote many aspects of health.
- They have also been shown to prevent eye disease, reduce the growth of cancer and even block herpes outbreaks.
- You can enjoy these sour berries all on their own, use them in cooking or try black currant oil for an easy way to take advantage of the nutritious benefits of black currant.
Read Next: 7 Proven Black Seed Oil Benefits & Cures
The blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) is a woody shrub in the Grossulariaceae family. The plant is native to parts of central and northern Europe and northern Asia, where the soil is damp and fertile. Blackcurrant can be eaten fresh, but its strong, tart flavor requires sweetening to be palatable. This is why the berries are usually cooked with a variety of sweet or savory dishes. They are also used to make jams, jellies, and syrups.
Here are 7 health benefits of the blackcurrant.
1. Blackcurrant has a lower glycemic index value.
The glycemic index (GI) ranks food and drinks based on their blood sugar increase potential. Foods high on the glycemic index (such as white rice and white bread) will break down quickly and cause blood sugar and insulin level spikes after meals, which is followed by rapidly dropping blood sugar levels. The sugar from blackcurrant is slowly absorbed into the bloodstream, which prevents sugar crashes, sugar cravings, and mood swings. Those with type 2 diabetes pay attention to their blood sugar levels.
2. Blackcurrant can help individuals fight infections.
One cup of blackcurrant contains 338 percent of the vitamin C daily requirements. Vitamin C is a potent natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.
3. Blackcurrant can be great for your hair and skin.
Adequate vitamin C intake does not only improve the immune system but can also create and maintain collagen, an essential protein found in hair and skin. Also, blackcurrant contains vitamin A to keep the hair moisturized through increased sebum production.
4. Blackcurrant can assist in antioxidant defense.
One cup of blackcurrants contains 14 percent of the mineral manganese, which is an essential cofactor in some enzymes necessary in antioxidant defenses.
5. Blackcurrant can assist in red blood cell formation.
Copper and iron are essential for the new blood cell formation. A deficiency in iron can lead to anemia, fatigue, and muscular weakness.
6. Blackcurrant can help you sleep better at night.
Blackcurrant can help an individual sleep with its high content of magnesium, which is a mineral that is directly linked to improving the quality, duration, and tranquility of sleep. Blackcurrant also helps regulate the metabolism, to help reduce sleep disorders and the occurrence of insomnia.
7. Blackcurrant may help improve your digestive system.
The daily recommended dietary fiber intake for men and women are 38 grams and 25 grams, respectively. Dietary fiber can help prevent constipation, making one’s bowel movement easier to manage. Fiber can also scrape cholesterol out of the arteries and blood vessels.
Black Currant Oil
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Botanical Name: Ribes nigrum
Black Currant Oil Information And Description
Black currant oil is a natural source of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and is used to promote healthy growth of skin, hair, and nails.
Black currant (sometimes called blackcurrant) is shrub native to Europe and parts of Northern Asia that grows in damp, fertile soil and produces small black berries. The fruit is rich in vitamin C and other vitamins and minerals and is often eaten raw or used in jellies, jams, juices, and even alcoholic beverages. Black currants date back to the 11th century but weren’t cultivated until the 17th century. The black currant possesses a unique flavor that can be tart when eaten raw. The plant has been used in a variety of ways including boiling the fruit juice and sugars to create a syrup for soothing sore throats and reducing fevers. During World War II, the black currant became an attractive alternative to oranges and other fruits rich in vitamin C because the plant grows readily in the Northern Europe climate, especially the United Kingdom. Black currant was once popular in the United States, but the plants were banned in the early 20th century because they carried a type of fungus that threatened the logging industry. While restrictions for growing black currant have been relaxed, black currant remains less popular in the United States than in Europe. Black currant fruit is the most common form used, but black currant oil is also valued for its traditional medicine uses.
The black currant fruit contains high levels of polyphenols, chemical compounds that are also found in green tea, chocolate, and other berries such as blueberries. Laboratory studies have shown that polyphenols exhibit antioxidant activity in test tubes and may reduce inflammation, which plays a role in the development of chronic illness such as heart disease, certain cancers, and Alzheimer’s disease. More research is needed on the effects of polyphenols in the human body. Black currant oil contains GLA, which studies show may support the immune system, and reduce total cholesterol and triglycerides while boosting beneficial high-density cholesterol (HDL).
Uses For Black Currant:
Many parts of the black currant plant – seed oil, leaves, fruit, and flowers – are beneficial and used to treat sexual health concerns, support immunity, and reduce inflammation. Preliminary research suggests the potential for benefit from GLA-containing remedies in the settings of rheumatoid arthritis and diabetic neuropathy.
An in vitro (lab) study of black currant found the fruit to contain high levels of antioxidants that act as potent absorbers of free radicals. The Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (NMCD) states there is some research that suggests black currant oil may reduce total cholesterol and triglycerides, but that there is insufficient evidence at this time to make medical claims.
Black Currant Is Available In:
Standardized liquid or capsule extracts
Black Currant Herb/Drug Interactions:
None known, but it is best to be cautious and check with your health care provider if used with blood-thinning medication.
Other Safety Concerns:
The NMCD states the black currant is “safe when used as food” or when black currant oil is used “appropriately as medicine.” There are concerns that black currant may slow blood clotting and increase the risk of bruising in people with bleeding issues and disorders.
When Buying Black Currant Oil:
Capsules of black currant oil should contain at least 45 mg of GLA. Avoid topical oil preparations.
Black Currant Dosage:
Take 500 milligrams twice a day for at least two months.
Children between the ages of six and twelve should take half the dose of adults.
Dr. Weil Says:
Black currant oil is a natural source of the unusual fatty acid GLA. Very hard to come by in the diet, GLA is an effective anti-inflammatory agent with none of the side effects of anti-inflammatory drugs. It also promotes healthy growth of skin, hair, and nails. I recommend it frequently for skin conditions (including brittle nails and hair), arthritis, autoimmune disorders, and premenstrual syndrome. Do not expect immediate results; it takes six to eight weeks to see changes after adding black currant oil to the diet.
Cameron M, Gagnier JJ, Chrubasik S. Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011 Feb 16;(2):CD002948. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002948.pub2.
Dines KC, Cotter MA, Cameron NE. The effectiveness of natural oils as sources of gamma-linolenic acid to correct peripheral nerve conduction velocity abnormalities in diabetic rats: modulation by thromboxane A2 inhibition. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 55, no. 3 (1996): 159-165.
Goffman, Fernando D., and Stefania Galletti. “Gamma-linolenic acid and tocopherol contents in the seed oil of 47 accessions from several Ribes species.” Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 49, no. 1 (2001): 349-354.
Hounsom L, Horrobin DF, Tritschler H, et al. A lipoic acid-gamma linolenic acid conjugate is effective against multiple indices of experimental diabetic neuropathy. Diabetologia 41, no. 7 (1998): 839-843.
Netzel, Michael, Gabriele Strass, Marlies Janssen, Irmgard Bitsch, and Roland Bitsch. “Bioactive anthocyanins detected in human urine after ingestion of blackcurrant juice.” Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology 20, no. 2 (2001).
Vogl, Sylvia, Paolo Picker, Judit Mihaly-Bison, Nanang Fakhrudin, Atanas G. Atanasov, Elke H. Heiss, Christoph Wawrosch et al. “Ethnopharmacological< i> in vitro</i> studies on Austria’s folk medicine–an unexplored lore< i> In vitro</i> anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2013).
Reviewed by Russell Greenfield, M.D., August, 2016.
New Zealand Blackcurrent Co-operative
Research into Health Benefits of Blackcurrants
Blackcurrants have long been regarded for remarkable health benefits. Early Europeans used blackcurrants for treatment of a variety of ailments. We now know that it is the high concentrations of anthocyanins, polyphenolics, antioxidants and other bioactives in blackcurrants that give this fruit its wonderful properties.
Recent scientific research outcomes from more than 36 clinical trials (human studies) have shown direct effects of blackcurrants on health and well being, We have summarised the health benefits, click on each heading to learn more:
Exercise recovery, Diet and immune responsiveness
Brain Health and Gut health
Bioavailability of anthocyanins
There are also a number of laboratory studies that show positive effects of blackcurrants on inhibiting the influenza virus, decreasing airways inflammation, enhancing gut health and anti-cancer effects. .
A Review of the Research
A more detailed report on the results of the blackcurrant research and clinical trials is available. Click here to learn more.
With an array of foods being given ‘super’ status nowadays, it’s confusing knowing exactly what to blitz up in your morning juice. But the good news is that the health hero of the moment can be found in your local supermarket or green grocers and it won’t cost the earth. Have you guessed it? That’s right – it’s the humble British blackcurrant. In season from mid June to the end of August, it really does deserve its ‘super’ credentials. Rich in antioxidants and vital nutrients, the deep purple fruit can help protect against a plethora of ills from cardiovascular disease to ageing.
‘We often hear the word superfruit but what does it really mean?’ says nutritionist Angela Dowden. ‘It’s a fruit that has been shown to yield credible health benefits. Research tells us that blackcurrants have a remarkable composition containing many components that, via scientific analysis, are shown to be beneficial to health.’
So, here are six ways the tiny blackcurrant can give you a big boost this summer.
1. Stay focused
Find yourself slumping at your desk mid afternoon? Try swapping your energy drink for a fruity blackcurrant tea. Rich in antioxidants, research has shown that blackcurrant extract can help people stay more alert, reduce mental fatigue and even work with greater accuracy while under significant mental stress.
2. Step it up
If you’re a fitness fanatic but find that you burn out halfway through your workout, then it could be down to lactic acid. This exercise nasty is a byproduct of your metabolism working hard, which builds up in the muscles and blood during vigorous exercise. The more you exercise, the higher your lactate threshold. And once you exceed this threshold, the activity rapidly becomes more difficult. However, a recent trial by the Department of Sport & Exercise Sciences at Chichester University, showed that triathletes who took blackcurrant powder lowered lactate accumulation without affecting their performance. So, the next time you hit the gym, or sign up to a charity run, harness some blackcurrant power – in the form of fresh berries, juice, powders, jams or oils – to help you go that extra mile.
3. Wave ‘goodbye’ to colds
We’ve long been told that oranges are loaded with vitamin C but research has found that blackcurrants – weight for weight – have three times the vitamin C content of their zesty counterparts! What’s more, tests carried out at the Scottish Crop Research Institute near Dundee, revealed that they are loaded with a type of antioxidant called anthocyanins – and its anti-inflammatory properties are said to help ward off a range of ailments. ‘Their anthocyanin antioxidants are associated with improvements in cognitive function, inflammation (for example of the joints), and urinary infections,’ says Angela. To boost your immune system, pop a handful of blackcurrants (a portion is 125g) onto your yogurt or cereal to help keep those sniffles at bay.
4. Anti-ageing hero
Many of us are searching for that magic potion which will help turn back the hands of time. And while blackcurrants might not help you look twenty years younger, they are specifically grown for their deep, purple colour which indicates a high level of those magical anthocyanins, that also guard against ageing. ‘It’s very important to understand how food can help us to stay looking and feeling healthy – and fruit and vegetables are a big part of this,’ says Angela. And, at a quid for a punnet, they are certainly cheaper then a trip down to the beauty salon.
5. Blitz dark circles
If you suffer from dark circles (as an Asian woman, I have been plagued with them all my life!), some very exciting news from a hot-off-the-press study in Japan has found that blackcurrants could help to reduce their appearance. Due to that all-important anthocyanin content in the fruit (as mentioned above), the research showed that the consumption of blackcurrants improved the blood flow around the optical nerves and reduced the effect of ‘sagging’ eyes. So, I’ll be swapping my concealer for blackcurrants – wish me luck!
6. Mood booster
These tiny purple berries may very well be the food equivalent of listening to Pharrell’s Happy, as recent research by scientists in New Zealand in conjunction with Northumbria University have found that blackcurrant juice affected enzymes that regulate the so-called ‘happy chemicals’ serotonin and dopamine. The result? Blackcurrants could enhance your mood, boost energy levels and even combat symptoms associated with Parkinson’s and depression. What’s not to love?
For more info on blackcurrants visit the blackcurrantfoundation.co.uk
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Black Currant Tea–The Benefits of Vitamin C in Your Tea
Why have a cup of Black Currant Tea?
Well, it’s the perfect tea to ward off inflammations, fight the onset of cold symptoms and provide you with the many benefits that vitamin C has to offer.
But what else can a berry full of vitamin C do for you?
What are Black Currants?
Black currants (in Latin, ribes nigrum), popular in Eastern Europe and Russia, come from a perennial plant native to central and northern Asia.
This small shrub grows to 1-2m in height and it has alternate leaves, 3-5cm long and broad, with a serrated edge. Resistant to cold, you can find black currant shrubs growing spontaneously in woods.
Its flowers are yellow green on the outside and reddish on the inside, with 4-6mm in diameter.
Black currant fruits and leaves are harvested after complete maturing of the fruits, small edible berries presenting a very dark purple colour.
Black Currant tea infusion first brought to the public attention in Europe by the abbot Bailley de Montaran of the Dijon Monastery, and so has been used since the Middle Ages as a medicinal tea.
During World War II, in the UK, it was hard to find most fruits rich in vitamin C, such as oranges. Since black currant berries are very rich in vitamin C and are well suited to the British climate, it only made sense that the government should promote its prodution during wartime.
In the US, currant farming was banned in the early 1900’s and so black currants became a rare fruit. This ban was enforced because black currant farming was considered a threat to the logging industry.
Black Currants Today
Nowadays, in some states the ban has been lifted and as a result black currants can once again regain their lost popularity.
In Russia, black currants leaves are used to flavour preserves and teas, but you are more likely to come across products made directly from black currant berries such as juice, syrup, jelly, and liqueur.
But don’t be fooled by some black currant teas that you may find on sale. Most varieties actually include black tea leaves and black currant flavour. If you wish to find a caffeine free beverage, you should make this tea made from the leaves and fruit of the black currant bush.
With fruity sweet taste, black currant tea has the potential to inhibit inflammation mechanisms that may originate heart disease, cancer and microbial infections.
Let’s find out what other health benefits black currant tea can offer you.
Black Currant Tea Benefits
This berry has very high levels of vitamin C, even higher than oranges, and has good levels of potassium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B5. With a range of other essential nutrients it helps your body to perform its basic functions.
Tea made with black currants contains tannins, salts, antioxidants and anthocyanins which are compounds that are naturally found in these berries.
Get Your Immune System Boost
- Black currant infusion acts as a health tonic, thus maintaining fluid balance in the body.
- Berries contain anthocyanins which are useful for tissue drainage, vital to such ailments as inflammations, arthritis, gout and prostatitis. The tea will help to cleanses the tissue internally through the restoration processes of the body.
- This tea boosts the immune system, which in turn protects you against the changing weather and polluting environments.
- It’s a great source of vitamin C, beneficial fatty acids, polysaccharins and antioxidants. The latter protect you and act as an antiaging agent and help you fight free radicals responsible for growth and reocurrence of cancer.
Promoting a Healthy Heart
- Drinking black currant tea on a daily basis will help lower cardiovascular diseases and reduce the risk of stroke. It is considered a good remedy for arteriosclerosis.
- It increases micro-circulation, helpful if you suffer from varicose veins.
Solve Your Digestion Problems
- The anthocyanins in this tea help you prevent obesity and diabetes.
- Have it at your table after meals, as it stimulates digestion. It helps to reduce heartburn, promoting vitality and energy, thus making it a great way to kick off any exercise plan.
- A black currant infusion acts as a vermifuge for intestinal parasites and as a remedy for diarrhea and dysentery.
- Tea made from leaves of the black currant bush may be beneficial if you are suffering from oliguria (the inability to urinate), making this a wonderful diuretic tea with cleansing properties.
- It also helps to treat kidney stones and improves the function of the kidneys, liver (helping treat jaundice), pancreas and spleen, by reducing pancreatic swelling and lowering sugar levels.
Cold Symptoms and Fevers
- The young black currant roots are helpful against eruptive fevers, because when you drink this tea, it promotes sweating, bringing down high temperatures.
- It offers a soothing action for sore throats and mouth ulcers, as berries are filled with tannins that fight bacteria when you feel those symptoms of cold coming on.
- Black currant tea may bring relief to acute and chronic allergies and allergic arhinitis. It helps to regulate the respiratory system, increasing immunity and treating bronchial asthma.
Improving Your Mental Health and Stress Levels
- Black currant herbal tea gives you a steady energy level throughout the day which is great if you feel tired and overworked. It may help to enhance your memory and prevent neural diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
- It is a caffeine free tea, but you should beware of black tea blends that only have black currant flavouring and none of the actual benefits of the herb.
Other Benefits of Black Currant Tea
- Black currant tea improves circulation, hormonal regulation and reduces water retention and headaches in menopausal women.
- It promotes healthy teeth and bones.
- A black currant infusion may help to deal with skin problems such as dermatitis, psoriasis or eczemas, due to its internal cleansing action. Your healthy skin will serve as a mirror to your well cleansed body, free from harmful toxins.
- Another great benefit of this tea is that it may help to improve visual acuity, both in terms of night vision and overall vision.
- Externally, black currant tea may be used to kill off bacteria in abscesses, boils, contusions, insect bites and also prove itself useful in compresses for poorly healing wounds.
Try some wonderful black currant
and black tea blends here!
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Black Currant Tea Side Effects
Are you pregnant? Then, again, be careful with blends that have black tea leaves due to high caffeine content that may be harmful to the baby. As for black currant infusions that are made purely from leaves or berries, they too are not safe for you if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Also, it’s best not to give black currant tea to children or elderly people.
It should be avoided by people with haemophilia or on anticoagulants (blood thinners), and blood pressure medication as this increases the effects of the medication.
If you love the taste of this tea so much that you simply can’t live without it, then just make sure to check with your doctor first.
On cold winter days, this tea will seem like the best thing on Earth, however, do not drink too much as it may cause diarrhea and mild gastrointestinal symptoms.
Drinking Black Currant Tea
Ready to make this wonderfully tasting tea? Should you make your tea from leaves or from black currant berries? Well, the benefits of black currants are greater when leaves are dried and used in tea. However, you can also use dried fruits.
Berries are ready for picking when almost black, they ripen in August. Leaves, on the other hand, should be picked in early spring, before the insects can damage them.
Try to avoid picking when it damp or wet out, because this may spoil your leaves when stored for later use.
Time to put the kettle on…
How to make black currant tea from leaves: Use 2 teaspoons of chopped leaves to 250ml of boiled water and let rest for a few minutes.
How to make it from dried fruit: Add a teaspoon of dried fruits to 250ml of water and then put it over the stove until it boils. As soon as the water starts bubbling, turn off heat and then let your tea rest for 30 minutes.
You can always try the option of infusing dried fruit and leaves together.
This tea may be served hot, sweetened with sugar as it has a sharp taste, more astringent than that of blueberries. It is purple in colour so it can also make quite a festive and tasty iced tea.
Take this tea 3 times a day between meals for periods of 5-6 months.
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Taste this wonderful tea with black currants and flavored with vanilla and white chocolate.
With a base of rooibos tea, this is a caffeine free tea blend perfect for you to enjoy after your meals as a sweet desert.
Black currant tea is so tasty and what can be better than such a wonderful source of benefits of vitamin C?
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What is Black Currant Tea?
Black currant tea is a caffeine free drink made from the leaves and the dried fruits from the black currant bush. A pungent, fruity drink, black currant tea has a full bodied fruit flavor similar to berries. It is packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals and offers a great deal of therapeutic value.
Blackcurrants are known scientifically as Ribes nigrum are small, sour fruits that grow on a woody shrub belonging to the Grossulariaceae family. The shrub is native to large parts of Europe and also to Northern areas of Asia. It thrives best in damp, fertile soils and is cultivated for commercial and domestic use.
Black currants are especially rich in polyphenol phytochemicals and vitamin C and have a very high antioxidant value. These delicious little fruits are used in a wide variety of ways. You can eat them raw but they are a popular ingredient on jellies and jams and are also used to accompany various savory dishes.
The dried fruits are also used along with the leaves of the shrub to make a tasty, caffeine free and tremendously healthy tea. This article will take a detailed look at the health benefits you can get from adding blackcurrant tea to your diet.
Black Currant Nutrition
The fruit has long been used to treat a wide variety of health conditions. They are believed to help stimulate digestion while also improving organ function including the liver, pancreas, kidneys and the spleen.
Records of black currant being used for health purposes date back to the Medieval period. An abbot from the Dijon monastery in Southern France is believed to be the first man to understand and record their tonic qualities and benefits on human health.
Black currants contain a number of healthy constituents including the following:
- Gamma-Linoleic Acid (GLA)
- Vitamin C
- Potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus
- Other Antioxidants
- B-vitamins including thiamin (vitamin B1), pyridoxine (viatmin B6) and pantothenic acid (vitamin B5)
What are The Health Benefits of Black Currant tea?
Very Rich In Vitamin C
Black currants are extremely rich in healthy vitamin C. A quarter cup of the fresh fruit equates to around a tablespoon of the dried fruit. A tablespoon of dried black currants possesses over 50 milligrams of the vitamin and is enough to make 2 cups of black currant tea.
Vitamin C has a great number of benefits to human health. It gives you an immune system boost which is useful during those times of year when colds and flu are more prevalent. It can also help with growth and repair of new cells and tissues in the body. Being a powerful antioxidant, the vitamin C found in black currant tea also helps protect the body from the damage done by environmental free radicals and other harmful toxins. Vitamin C is also great for your complexion.
Both the leaves and the dried fruit used to make black currant tea contain anthocyanins. They are a form of polyphenol which is extremely high in antioxidant value. A study conducted in 2002 discovered that extract taken from the fruit was both high in natural antioxidants and also had excellent anti-inflammatory abilities.
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nature of black currants and black currant tea makes it ideal for dealing with internal and external inflammation. For people suffering from joint inflammation like rheumatism or arthritis, black currant tea may be a suitable complementary therapy to go along with prescription medications. There is even some belief that black currant extract could be used as a replacement for prescription medications but more research is necessary first.
The anthocyanins mentioned earlier may also have the potential to inhibit or slow the growth of cancer cells. A study published in 2010 found that extracts of black currant as well as juices made from the fruit significantly reduced liver cancer cell proliferation. The researchers concluded that black currant extract may have future potential to prevent or treat cancer of the liver in humans and by extension may have applications against other forms of cancer.
Colds and Flu
A study published in 2014 demonstrated that an extract made from black currant leaves had anti-viral properties and was useful in preventing influenza and viral colds. The researchers concluded that black currant leaf extract helped prevent the influenza virus from proliferating especially during the early stage of the illness.
Coupled with its antioxidant and immune boosting abilities, drinking blackcurrant tea during the cold season may help protect your body against common viruses.
Antioxidants like the ones found in black currant tea are extremely good for the skin. They can help protect against premature aging and help protect against damage from those environmental free radicals that we all come across from day to day. Switching your regular caffeine based drinks for a healthy, antioxidant rich cup of black currant tea will have a major effect on your skin’s health in the long run.
Rich in Various Minerals
Black currants are extremely rich in a number of essential minerals. They contain a large amount of iron which helps strengthen the blood, the transport of oxygen to the cells and protect the body against various immune complications.
Black currants and black currant tea also contain calcium, copper, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, and potassium. All of these minerals are essential to many of the body’s functions.
How Do you Make Black Currant Tea?
Black currants are delicious when eaten raw or served up as an ingredient in a jam or sweet sauce but they are absolutely perfect when they are infused and served up as a tea. You can enjoy the tea hot while it is also a great cold drink if you chill it over ice.
You can either make black currant tea with the leaves or the dried fruits or with both. Most commercial brands of black currant tea use both the leaves and the dried fruit.
To make the tea with the blackcurrant leaves:
- Add 2 teaspoons of your chopped leaves to a quarter liter of fresh water.
- Let the leaves steep for at least 10 minutes to get the maximum goodness from them.
- Strain and drink up.
To make a tea from dried blackcurrant fruits:
- Take a teaspoon of dried black currants and add them to a quarter liter of water.
- Put the water and the fruit in a pot and bring to the boil on your stove.
- Once the water has started to bubble, turn the heat off and allow your fruits to infuse for 20 to 30 minutes.
The best way to get the maximum benefits from your black currant tea is to mix the leaves together with the fruit and allow them to infuse together.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the benefits of black currant tea?
Black currant tea is jam packed with nutrition and comes with a wide variety of benefits to your health. The black currant fruit and the tea made from them is full of vitamins and minerals with excellent antioxidant potential. Drinking black currant tea can help boost your immune system, treat inflammation, keep colds and flu at bay, take care of your skin and may even help protect against serious diseases like cancer.
Is there caffeine in black currant tea?
No there is not. If you are concerned about the amount of caffeine you are getting from your regular black tea or coffee, then black currant tea is a great alternative. It contains no caffeine whatsoever.
Is black currant a grape?
Many people confuse black currants with raisins which are actually dried grapes. Black currants are not grapes and are totally different fruits belonging to entirely different families.
What is Black currant seed oil?
Black currant seed oil is an oil made by pressing the seeds of the fruit. It is a great source of Gamma-Linoleic Acid or GLA and also Alpha Linoleic Acid or ALA. Black currant seed oil is an excellent choice for people that are looking to fortify their diets with these fatty acids. They play a crucial role in a wide range of bodily functions including protecting the body’s tissues, regulating body temperature and insulating the nerves.
What vitamins are in black currants?
Black currants contain an enormous amount of healthy vitamin C but they are also rich in a variety of other vitamins and minerals. They also contain vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid, thiamin (B1) and pyridoxine (B6). Black currants are also a good source of minerals like iron, potassium, copper, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and manganese.
The History of Black Currants
Black currants have been consumed for thousands of years and they also have a history of use as a natural remedy. they have been used for a wide range of health conditions ranging from arthritis and gout to colds and PMS symptoms.
These days, black currants are not especially popular but during the 19th century and the early part of the 20th, black currant was a very popular fruit in the USA. The census of 1920 estimated that farmers in the United States were devoting over 7000 hectares of land to black currants.
So why did black currants fall out of favor?
The main reason for the drop in consumption of the fruit is that they were found to be responsible for a fungus known as white pine blister rust. This fungus was responsible for killing the white pine tree. This caused significant problems since the white pine tree was an essential part of America’s lumber industry. By the end of the 1920s. millions of these trees had been destroyed by the blister rust. This, in turn, led to the government banning the cultivation of black currants.
These days, the white pine tree is not at risk. They now resist the disease and the growth and cultivation of black currants are now possible in most states. The federal government has lifted the ban but it remains in several states.
The story in Europe is quite different. In many countries on the continent, a popular juice called Ribena made from black currant has remained a best seller. During the second world war, Ribena was given to young children in the British Isles to protect against vitamin C deficiencies because so many citrus fruits could not be imported.
In Europe, black currants are still an extremely popular ingredient used to make jam, jelly, and juices. Recent estimates suggest that around 97% of the blackcurrants grown in the world are found on the continent.
Blackcurrant tea is a very healthy alternative to the caffeine-filled hot drinks that many of us enjoy. It is packed with vitamins and essential minerals and can help protect against and treat a good range of illnesses. While it may not be popular in the US, the fruit and juices made from the fruit have been used in Europe for centuries. As a lover of fruit teas, I would recommend black currant tea to anyone that feels like a healthy change from the norm.
Have you ever tried black currant tea?
What did you think of it and would you recommend it to others? Please let us know, we would be delighted to hear from you.
What is Black Currant?
Black Currant is a small perennial shrub, a species of the Ribes berry that grows in the central and northern part of Europe. It has a characteristic aroma due to which it can be distinguished from the other currant berries. This shrub is also known for the French “cassis” that it has. The black currant berries are dark purple in color. It is an edible berry, and it grows to a height of about two meters high in the woody branches. It is known as “Munakka” in Hindi.
Picture 1 – Black Currant Image
Source – www.allotment.org.uk
Black Currant Scientific Name
The scientific name of Black Currant is Ribes nigrum. This means black ribes.
Black Currant Plant
The black currant plant is actually a shrub, which grows to a height of only 1.5 to 2 meters. It grows very nicely in woody branches. It grows well in hilly regions. The plant is well suited in temperate and cool zones that do not have very strong winds. Of the entire plant, the part that can be used is its leaves, seeds and the fruits.Leaves
The leaves of this shrub are arranged in an alternate and simple fashion, it is about 3 to 5 cm broad, and is lobed palmately, and maple like. It has a serrated margin. Itr is primarily a deciduous shrub. The leaves are pale green in color. The number of leaf is reduced in case of extreme water stress. Since the shrub is deciduous, all the leaves are shed in winter.
The flowers are 4 to 6 cm in diameter. There are about 5 petals, which are reddish green to brownish in color. These petals are formed in the racemes of 2 to 9 com long.
The black currant fruit is dark purple to black in color. It has a glossy skin, and the calyx is persistent at the apex. It contains several seeds in it. A good and well grown bush can produce as many as 5 kilograms of black currant berries at one go. The ripe berries are hung in a fully set strigs of pendulous and small sweet berries. The berries are generally ripened from top to bottom.
Picture 2 – Black Currant Picture
Source – buzzle.com
How to grow Black Currant?
The black currants need a good environment for its growth. Growing black currants is not a very easy task. It requires a proper location, moderate temperature for its growth.
Black currants require a temperature of 85 degree Celsius for its growth. The leaves get sunburn easily, and the shrub also can not withstand heat. The plants like the warmth of the morning sun, and can be grown easily in the high shade of the fruit trees. They cannot withstand the salty winds, but like the ocean winds.
These shrubs prefer soils which are richer in clay and are heavy, though they are not very concerned about the soil. If a thick layer of mulch is added to the soil, then it keeps the soil cool, and also adds to the humus content of the soil. The plant cannot tolerate alkaline soil, or a salty one.
Since they have fibrous and shallow roots, they are fit for deep irrigation. It should be continuously watered until the fruits are harvested.
The plant should be annually pruned, since it increases the yield of the berries. The program of pruning should be carried out in such a way that the berries are produced in the spurs of two to three year old woods. If pruning is done at regular intervals, it maintains a regular supply of the berries.
The cultivars of this plant hold on well to it. If one wants to have fresh berries, then they should be harvested about three weeks after they color up. Bu8t if they are being harvested for being stored, then they should be picked when they are dry. But while harvesting, care should be taken that they are4 not picked by the spur. Picking should be done carefully by the stem.
Black Currant Nutrition Facts
This fruit is a nutrient rich fruit. It has many of the important nutrients in adequate proportion. The amount of nutrients in one cup of black currants is:
- Total Fat – 0.4g
- Sodium – 2 mg
- Carbohydrates – 17.2g
- Calcium – 61.6 mg
- Cholesterol – 0 mg
- Potassium – 360.06 mg
This fruit is rich in vitamin C. Apart from this; it also provides iron, potassium, calcium and manganese in good quantity so that it stimulates the energy level in the body.
Black Currant Health Benefits
- Since they are rich in vitamin C, they are a good antioxidant.
- It is very rich in proteins, which makes it rich for potassium, even more thwan bananas.
- The syrups that are made from this fruit are good for the treatment of sore throats.
- Leaves of black currant are used for diuretic purpose. Black currant tea is often used as a treatment against bleeding gums and diarrhea.
- Anthocyanin is present in the berries, which helps in the inhibition of certain enzymes such as Cyclo-oxygenas, which helps in the reduction of inflammation of certain organs of the body and the harmful effects of arthritis in the legs.
- Black currants have an alkalizing property, due to which it is suitable for the treatment of uric acid and stone treatment.
- Black currant juice is rich in proanthocyanididins and anthocyanins, which are very effective against the treatment of tumor cells in the body.
Black Currant Uses
- In many parts of the world, black currant leaves are often used to as a flavoring agent for tea.
- Blackcurrant leaves and fruit may be added to sweeten vodka, so that it results in a yellowish-green beverage that has a sharp astringent taste.
- Since Black currant is a rich in vitamin C; it is often consumed as juice by some people.
- The fruit is used to make a variety jams, ice creams and jellies.
- They are a common ingredient for the preparation of Rote Grütze, which is a popular dessert in the German cuisine.
- Blackcurrant flavored candies are a liked by all children.
- The astringent flavor of the berry helps flavoring a number of sauces, desserts and meat dishes.
Black Currant Recipes
Black currant is used for making a host of delicious desserts and dishes. it adds its exquisite flavor and characteristic aroma to the food, which becomes irresistible for the people to leave this dish. The following are some of the dishes that are prepared with black currant.
Black Currant cake
This dish can be prepared very easily and it very delicious to taste.
Black Currant jelly
Black currant jelly is deliciously sweet, and is used extensively for its medicinal value of a laxative and cooling agent. Too much of sugar should not be added to this jelly, since it can impair the medicinal property of this dish.
Black Currant ice cream
This is a very delicious and yummy dish that is liked by one and all.
Other delicious recipes that are prepared with black currant are:
- Black Currant shake
- Black Currant Juice
- Black Currant sorbet
- Black currant float
- Black Currant Pavlova
- Black Currant Mousse
- Black Currant Pudding
Picture 3 – Black Currant Juice Pictures
Source – www.blackcurrantfoundation.co.uk
Black Currant Extract
Black currant is a very competitive product of the GNI. It has many advantages . Some of the advantage of this extracts are:
- It is produced only with water
- It is free of pesticides
- It is very pure – over 25% pure
- It is dark violet in color
- It is highly soluble in water
- Since the content of anti bacteria is very high, it has a long shelf life
The tea that is prepared from the black currant leaves is a caffeine-free herbal tea. In addition to the leaves, it is also made out of the fr5uits of this shrub. The tea is purple in color and the taste is reminiscent of its fresh leaves.
This tea provides many benefits to the user. It is packed with vitamins. It is often packed for its therapeutic value. Black currant tea also contains the flavor of its bush.
Black currant Seed oil
The oil that is derived from the seeds of the Ribes nigrum is known as black currant seed oil. It is rich in omega 6 and omega 3, i.e. fatty acids. It has a good content of linoleic acid and stearidonic acid in it.
It has certain advantages due to the presence of the nutrients in good proportion. It is anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective oil. It has a good reputation for controlling diarrhea. It also has anti-diuretic properties, which helps in promoting the output of urine. It also reduces arthritic pain and rheumatic pain. It id often recommended by the doctors for use as a diet supplement.
Black currant Disease
There are two major organisms that can damage the black currant crop. Black currant gall mite and cecidophyopsis ribis is the organism the damage black currant. The disease that affects this plant the most are Black currant reversion disease and vector disease.
Black currant is a very nutritious and delicious fruit. It has the capacity to treat many of the ailments due to its nutritional property. Try this fruit if you still did not taste it, else you will surely feel sorry to miss this amazing fruit.