George Weigel Don’t overwater your seedlings. Damp is good; soggy is bad.
I started seeds by a window and recently put them under lights in the basement. The dirt is turning green on top (some kind of mold?) What should I do? I’m also trying to grow astilbe and toad lilies from seeds under the lights in my basement. The directions on the package recommended 55-65 degrees with no direct sunlight. Will they germinate under the florescent lights or do I have to put them in a cool room with natural light?
A: The green coating is most likely moss or algae and won’t hurt your seedlings. Just don’t keep the potting mix soggy… that green stuff is more likely to grow when the mix is wet. Remember, consistently damp and well drained is perfect; soggy is bad.
Good-quality, light-weight, fresh potting mix in clean pots is the key to avoiding the organisms that WILL cause your baby plants to keel over.
Most plants like it a bit warmer to germinate (in the 70- to 75-degree range) but then cooler (50-60 degrees) when growing under lights. That’s why I like to germinate seeds in a heated room and then transfer them into cell packs in the unheated basement to grow under lights. Also, some seeds need light to germinate (typically very small ones that get pressed lightly into the soil surface instead of covered).
Astilbe is a good example of a small-seeded flower that should be germinated in the surface of a seed-starting mix (vermiculite is my top choice). These aren’t easy to sprout. It can take them 6 to 8 weeks to come up. A germination temperature of about 65 degrees is ideal for these.
Toad lilies (Tricyrtis) are even tougher to germinate. I’ve never tried them myself, but the general game plan is to give them 6 weeks of storage in the refrigerator before potting them up in a seed-starting mix and attempting to germinate them in the 65- to 70-degree range of a heated room.
If you see the soil or seed starting mix turning green in your garden or greenhouse, you are not alone. Many gardeners have this same problem, either on their garden soil or indoors when starting seeds. I did some research to find out what causes this problem, and what you can do to solve it.
So, why is your garden soil turning green? A green layer on top of soil is often caused by algae, which thrives in warm, wet, bright environments. A garden with soil that stays wet and gets plenty of sun is more likely to see algae growth. Algae are also notorious for taking up residence inside of greenhouses.
Luckily, there are ways to get rid of algae and prevent it in the future without killing your plants in the process. Let’s take a look at what algae are and where it thrives, and how you can control it going forward.
- Why Is My Garden Soil Turning Green?
- How To Get Rid Of Algae
- How To Prevent Algae
- What Is the Difference Between Algae And Moss?
- You Accidentally Grew Algae, Now What?
- Biology, Answering the Big Questions of Life/Photosynthesis
- What is photosynthesis?
- How do plants capture light and use it?
- Want more detail?
- Hair algae
- How to Clean Algae from Aquarium Plants
- Hair Algae: Causes and how to get rid of them
- What causes Hair algae to grow?
- How to prevent and get rid of hair algae?
- In summary
- Advertise locally and online
- Use it for another project
- Use HIPPO
Why Is My Garden Soil Turning Green?
Most likely, a green layer growing on top of your soil is caused by algae. This layer is often slimy and slippery at first, and can become black as it dries out. So what is algae, anyway?
What Is Algae?
Algae is a broad term for an entire group of organisms which share some similarities with plants. The group of algae includes single-celled micro-algae all the way up to giant kelp and seaweeds.
Kelp is just one of the many types of algae.
Just like plants, algae use photosynthesis to turn light into energy, and thus they contain chlorophyll. This gives most algae a green color, although there are also brown and red algae.
Although algae are similar to plants, they do not have roots, stems, or leaves as plants do.
For more information, check out this article on algae from Wikipedia.
Where Does Algae Thrive?
Most algae are aquatic, meaning that they live in either freshwater or saltwater. The algae you see in your garden will thrive in moist and humid environments, such as in a greenhouse or on wet soil.
Algae is aquatic, and so it grows readily with light and water, as in this swamp.
If there is little or no wind or air currents, then the environment will tend to stay moist. This explains why you will see algae more often in a greenhouse or indoors.
Algae have the potential to thrive in anything that holds a lot of water. This includes peat moss (sphagnum), perlite, vermiculite, and other moisture-absorbing materials that are often included in potting soil. This is why you will sometimes see the perlite in potting mix turning green after over watering your houseplants!
Algae grow best in areas with plenty of light, which is why they tend to do well in greenhouses. This is also why many gardeners see algae (or “green mold”) on seedling soil when starting plants indoors under grow lights. Of course, algae are perfectly happy to grow on your garden soil if it stays wet and gets plenty of sunlight.
The optimal temperature for algae to grow is 68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit (20 to 30 degrees Celsius). If your greenhouse stays this warm overnight, then you just might be sending algae an invitation to set up a colony.
For more information, check out this article from Science Direct on the effect of temperature and light on algae.
The ideal pH for algae varies, depending on the type. Marine (ocean) algae usually like a pH of around 8.2, while freshwater strains prefer a pH around 7.0 (neutral). Spirulina (sometimes eaten by humans!) prefers a pH closer to 10.
For more information, check out this article on algae pH from Algae Research and Supply.
Unfortunately, the ideal pH for most plants is 6.0 to 6.8 (slightly acidic to neutral), so freshwater bacteria will feel right at home in your garden or greenhouse. You probably won’t be able to alter pH to kill algae without also hurting some of your plants.
How Does Algae Spread?
Small algae reproduce by cell division, but some larger algae use spores to reproduce. Algae can spread over the entire top layer of soil on a tray used to start seedlings.
For more information, check out this article about algae reproduction from Brittanica.com.
Algae are also notorious for growing on the clear plastic walls of some greenhouses, where they can get plenty of sunlight and grow without competition from other plants.
The walls of this greenhouse are a prime spot for algae to grow if the moisture level gets high enough.
However, since algae have no roots, it is easy enough to wash off with a strong spray from a hose. You can also scrub it off with a sponge and soapy water.
Will Algae Kill My Plants?
Algae will not work directly to kill your plants, since it is not a parasite or a disease to your plants. However, algae can indirectly harm or kill your plants in a couple of ways.
First of all, algae can compete with your plants for moisture and nutrients in the soil. Over time, algae can form a hard crust on the soil, which makes it difficult for water to penetrate to the soil and to a plant’s roots.
Second, if algae form a thick layer on your soil, it can retain too much moisture, leading to mold or disease for your plants.
How To Get Rid Of Algae
Although algae do not always spell death for your plants, you may still want to get rid of it, just to be safe. You might also want to remove algae for aesthetic purposes. Here are some ways to get rid of algae if you already have it in your garden or greenhouse.
Dry Out The Algae
Since algae thrives in moist conditions, the best course of action to get rid of algae is to dry it out a bit. One way to do this is to improve soil drainage.
If your garden soil drains poorly, it is more likely to stay wetter for a longer time, inviting algae growth. You can improve soil drainage by adding compost, which provides organic material for the soil. For more information, check out my article on improving soil drainage.
Clay soil drains poorly and may lead to algae growth on the surface of the soil.
There may be areas of your garden that stay wet for a long time after a rainstorm. If so, consider taking steps to improve drainage by digging trenches and installing pipes to divert water away from these problem areas.
Also, get into the habit of watering your garden in the morning, not the evening. When you water too late in the day, the soil stays wet overnight. This increases the chances of algae, mold, and moss growing in your garden.
It is also worth considering the possibility that you are over watering your plants, which is keeping soil wet and allowing algae to grow. For more information, check out my article on over watering your plants.
If you are starting seeds indoors to prepare for the spring, consider changing your watering method. Instead of watering from overhead, water seed trays from the bottom instead. This allows the surface of the soil to dry out, preventing algae growth.
To water from below, all you need are some holes in the bottom of your seed tray. Simply submerge the tray into water deep enough to provide water to the soil, but not deep enough to cover the top of the soil.
If you need to, you can poke holes in the bottom of your seed tray using a metal point (such as a shish kabob skewer). Just be careful not to poke yourself!
Decrease Light Levels
Algae have been called “nature’s solar panels”, because they derive energy from sunlight. If you want to inhibit algae growth, just decrease the light levels wherever you find algae growing.
Algae has been called “nature’s solar panels”, and for good reason – they produce energy from sunlight without the roots, steams, and leaves that plants must use.
This may be easier said than done, since your other plants may also suffer from a lack of sunlight. However, if your grow lights are on for 16 hours a day to start your seeds, you may be able to tone down the light a bit to discourage algae growth.
For more information, check out this article on algae from Michigan State University.
How To Prevent Algae
Once you get rid of algae on your garden soil or in your greenhouse, you will want to take steps to avoid it in the future. Here are some ways to prevent algae growth.
Use Potting Mix To Start Seedlings
If you are going to start plants from seed indoors, be sure to use potting mix from the store, instead of compost or garden soil (“dirt”) from your yard. Otherwise, you may bring in algae or spores from outside.
You need to be especially careful when growing in a greenhouse, since algae spores on dust or dirt can be blown in by the wind.
For more information, check out this article from ProMix on controlling algae on growing media.
If you have had problems with algae in the past, it may make sense to use a humidity dome to isolate your seedlings and keep algae out. For more information, check out my article on humidity domes.
Avoid Peat Moss, Perlite, and Vermiculite
As mentioned earlier, these materials retain lots of water. This means that any growing medium that contains peat moss, perlite, or vermiculite will stay moist and will encourage the growth of algae.
For more information, check out my article on perlite versus vermiculite.
Perlite and vermiculite, along with peat moss, may retain too much moisture in your soil, which can allow algae to thrive.
Avoid Over Watering Your Plants
Make sure to let the top of the soil dry out before watering your plants. Otherwise, a top layer of soil that is constantly moist is inviting algae to grow.
Use A Fan For Growing Indoors
Air flow dries out top of soil to prevent algae growth, so consider using a fan to keep algae at bay if you are starting seeds indoors.
What Is the Difference Between Algae And Moss?
Algae form a thin layer on top of soil and grow in warm, moist, bright conditions.
If you go to the beach, you may see some algae on a rock, like this one.
Moss, on the other hand, forms a thick mat (often called a carpet) on soil and grows in moist, dark conditions. For more information, check out my article on moss.
By now, you should have a much better idea of what algae is, where it thrives, and how to control it in your garden or greenhouse.
I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone else who can use the information. If you have any questions or advice about algae control, please leave a comment below.
You Accidentally Grew Algae, Now What?
You have decided to become an indoor urban farmer maybe you got your Smart Garden as a green gift, or perhaps you wanted to start growing healthy herbs, but you got a surprising green friend growing, and you don’t remember buying algae pods, so now what?
What exactly are algae? The green, sometimes brown sticky, slimy surface that can grow on your plant pods. Algae is fungal that can build on your soil due to excess moisture and humidity levels but no need to worry! While algae do have its own photosynthesis process, it is not harmful to your plant and can be removed quite simply!
How-To Remove Algae:
- Sprinkle a little cinnamon on the algae. Cinnamon is a natural fungal repellent and can help stop the spread of algae to prevent it from blooming and absorbing all the nutrients needed for your plant.
- Just take a damp paper towel and gently scrape off the surface of the soil where the algae are growing!
*Quick PRO TIP on wanting to prevent algae remove your germination dome for an hour a day if you remember that way it will help the condensation that begins to evaporate and avoid the surface from becoming overly damp or humid. However, if you forget or it becomes too time-consuming you can leave the domes on and follow our two-step process above for removing the algae if it does show up.
And remember if anything should happen and your plant decides not to sprout you can always contact our support team, and they send you a replacement plant pod for free!
Biology, Answering the Big Questions of Life/Photosynthesis
Audio version of this page.
What is photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms’ activities.
What is light?
Light is a form of energy. The form of light that plants capture, as well as the light that you and I can see, is called visible light. The white light that shines on Earth from the sun is actually composed of light of many different colors. You can see these colors by using a piece of glass called a prism that can split the light into different colors or wavelengths of light.
The rainbow of light created by a prism is called a spectrum and the colors of light are always in the same order: Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet. It also spreads into colors that we can’t see becoming infrared off the edge of the red side of the spectrum, and ultraviolet off of the edge of the violet side of the spectrum.
In fact, the spectrum of light (called the electromagnetic spectrum) is very large going from radio waves as big as planets to very powerful light called gamma rays whose wavelengths can be the size of subatomic particles.
Photosynthesis captures the energy from visible light but it doesn’t use all of the colors of light equally. It mostly uses light from the blue and red parts of the spectrum.
Why are plants green?
The simple answer is that plants are green because they have green chloroplasts (organelles that carry out photosynthesis).
But why are Chloroplasts green? Chloroplasts are green because they contain the green pigment chlorophyll in their thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll is a pigment that absorbs red and blue light.
Then why is chlorophyll green?
To understand why chlorophyll is green, we must learn about pigments. A pigment is something that absorbs light. We said that chlorophyll is a pigment that absorbs blue and red light, so then why is it green?
That’s because pigments absorb some wavelengths of light and reflect others. A yellow pigment is one that absorbs all of the wavelengths of light except yellow. The yellow color is reflected into your eyes, and that is why it looks yellow. The reason a red shirt is red is because the red pigments in the shirt absorb all of the light except red. That reflected light is the color that the shirt appears. If it reflected all light, then it would be white.
So plants are green because chlorophyll reflects green light. And chlorophyll is found in all plants because it is the molecule that absorbs the light that is used to make sugar.
Why do plants change color in autumn?
Contrary to popular belief, the autumn fall is nothing to do with temperature, frost, windfall or whatever. There is simply not enough sunlight to warrant the amount of energy spent on growing the leaves. Anyone with solar panels will have figured that one out.
Although plants are green, in the fall they can turn other colors such as yellow, red, brown, and orange. This is because plants also contain other pigments such as carotenoids (yellow-orange) and anthocyanins (mostly red). These other accessory pigments sit in the leaf along with the chlorophyll and they are the reason that leaves are many different shades of green.
The green pigment covers them up for the most part in summer, but in the fall, when the plants are beginning to go dormant in anticipation of the winter, the plant cells stop making chlorophyll, and the leaves lose their green color. Without it, we can see the colors of the other pigments in the leaves.
How do plants capture light and use it?
Photosynthesis is made up of two sets of reactions. The light reactions and the light-independent reactions (formerly the dark reactions). The light reactions capture light energy and use it to make high energy chemicals that are used to power the light-independent reactions which make the sugar. Light travels in wavelengths, the color depends on the wavelength. The photons traveling along the waves enter the thylakoid space within the chloroplast where it is captured by chlorophyll which lines the inside of the thylakoid space. The chlorophyll vibrates because of the energy from the trapped photon. It can then transfer the photon to be used as energy.
Want more detail?
- Light and Dark reactions,
- Accessory pigments
- Excited states
- C4 plants
In order to get answers to basic questions all around algae in the aquarium, we recommend you read this article first.
Hair algae are quite commonly found green algae. They form coats, from which densely packed short filaments grow. They form carpet-like layers, growing over plants and decoration. These algae usually belong to the genus Oedogonium. The species in this genus differ by the length and build of their filaments. Hair algae with longer, soft filaments are frequently found in aquaria.
In this picture, several algae species can be seen. The hair algae coat on the leaf of the red plant is clearly visible.
Like many green algae, hair algae appear mainly during the cycling phase of a tank, when the biological system is still finding its balance. After some more time, when the nutrients are optimally balanced and when a sufficient number of algae-eating aquarium animals is present, hair algae will disappear all by themselves. Algae with softer filaments are eaten by invertebrates like Amano shrimp and most dwarf shrimp species. Even snails like the highly popular ramshorn snails will go after the filamentous hair algae coats. There is one species with short, hard, bristle-like filaments (see photo), which is not commonly found but very stubborn.
The water plants are suffocated by the fast growth and the dense growth habit of this short-filamented hair algae species.
Like green thread algae, hair algae can appear due to a nutrient imbalance, for example when some nutrients or CO2 are deficient. However, overly long lighting hours or too intense a light above the tank can be a reason for their occurrence. It is important to give the algae lots of competition on the form of a large number of fast-growing aquarium plants. For them to grow healthily and happily, a balanced supply of nutrients is vital, especially when it comes to macronutrients (NPK). In the following you’ll find a list of these nutritive elements and the recommended content in the water. Using a CO2 injection system in combination with liquid fertilisers facilitates supplying your aquatic plants with everything they need very much.
In the following, we’d like to explain the most common causes for green algae in more detail:
The content of dissolved CO2 in the aquarium water is best monitored with a permanent test filled with test agent. Renew the test agent every four to six weeks so your permanent test always works reliably. The ideal concentration of CO2 is at around 20 to 30 mg/l, which is indicated by the color green inside the permanent test.
If the light is too strong in relation to the requirements of the plants and the nutrient supply, hair algae may occur. When you switch to another light system or leave on your light for a longer time, always adapt your plant mass and your fertilisation regime. It is very important that the light requirements of the aquatic plants are in accordance with the lighting system. Most nurseries have a traffic light system to categorize their plants (green – undemanding, yellow – moderate, red – demanding). This is also a hint towards how much light a plant needs.
Moreover, we recommend keeping the daily lighting period in a newly set-up tank rather short, like only 6 hours, in the early stages. Increase by 30 minutes every week. If your light has a moderate to strong output, leave it on for a maximum of 10 hours per day. Tanks with weak light can be lit for up to 12 hours. You don’t know just how strong your aquarium light is? Find out with our light calculator.
Often stunted growth in aquatic plants is due to a lack of nitrogen. This can be diagnosed by testing the water with the appropriate water test for nitrate. When the plants stop growing, especially green algae soon take advantage of this situation and use the nutrient imbalance to take over the tank. With good liquid fertilisers like for example Aqua Rebell Makro Spezial N or Advanced GH Boost N you can boost the nitrate (NO3) content in a targeted way. Other macronutrients like potassium or phosphate are not added by these fertilisers. If there is a lack of nitrate in your tank you can raise the content to the optimal level by a one-time stock fertilisation with Advanced GH Boost N. Combined with this measure you ought to adjust your regular fertilisation regime, be it weekly or daily, with a nitrate-only fertiliser.
Nutrient imbalances are often caused by a slack-off in maintenance. Please note: a regular water change is vital! Exchange at least 50% of the aquarium water for fresh water once a week. Besides the addition of fresh, unpolluted water a regular water change prevents certain nutrients from building up in your tank.
As we’ve already said above: The typical countermeasures that are used against green algae in general also help against hair algae: the use of a sufficient number of algae eaters (for example Amano shrimp) hand in hand with an optimization of the fertiliser regimen, especially in the area of macronutrients (NPK). Is your tank still cycling? Then stay calm, it is absolutely normal that algae appear during this phase. When your aquarium has been running for a longer time, the ecosystem will become more and more stable, and the water plants will be able to outcompete the algae. If only a few leaves are infested, just cut them off and throw them away.
If the hair algae only grow in a few spots in your tank, try fogging them, preferably with hydrogen peroxide or in combination with Easy Carbo (Please note: do not mix these products, but use at different times). Easy Carbo as a single ingredient is not always efficient enough in the case of hair algae.
Is your tank more heavily infested with hair algae? Try a black-out treatment to get rid of them.
As a last resort, in the case of major infestation or if your hair algae belong to a particularly stubborn species, treating the tank with algicides like Algexit or a complete treatment with hydrogen peroxide have proven successful. Technical equipment like the Twinstar or a UVC purifying unit can impede the reproduction of hair algae as they kill off the algae spores floating in the water.
How to Clean Algae from Aquarium Plants
- Many aquarists use plastic plants to make aquarium more colorful and nice-looking. Over time, these plastic plants become dirty due to the build-up of algae, mineral deposits, bacteria wastes and sludge on them. Ultimately, algae can make your plastic aquarium plants dull and ugly. If you do not clean the plants on regular basis, they become unrecognizable. To make your plastic plants attractive like new, you should clean your plastic plants regularly.
- To prevent overgrowth of algae, the aquarium should not be placed in direct sunlight. If you use artificial light that should be turned off at night.
- The artificial plants are more difficult to clean compared to other parts of the aquarium. Algae can easily penetrate into any gaps or cracks of artificial plants.
- Before cleaning your artificial plants, you should unplug the electrical connection and then take out the filter, pump and other large decorations from your tank. Now, you can remove plastic aquarium plants from the tank using fishnet. In this case, many aquarists use their hand to remove plants from the tank. After removing plants from the tank, you should place the plants in a large bowl or other containers to wash.
- Algae pad is used to rub the plastic plants. You should softly rub each part of the plants to remove debris and algae. To scrab successfully, fold the pad to clean all the cracks.
- Some aquarists use bare hands to remove any debris or algae. Some algae are difficult to remove from the plants which are penetrated deeply into the plants. In this case, you can use a soft bristle toothbrush to eliminate any algae or debris.
- You can clean the plastic plants using hot water which removes algae and debris from the surface area of the plants.
- To completely remove algae from the plants, you can use the bleach solution. To make bleach solution, take warm water in a cleaned bucket and mix bleach with water. Use one-half to one teaspoon of bleach in one gallon of water. For bright-colored plants, you must just use one-half teaspoon bleach in one-gallon water to avoid fading the plants color. After completing bleach solution, you immerse the plants in the bleach solution for 5-15 minutes.
- Alternately, you can also use chlorine neutralizer solution to remove algae. You should follow the instructions manual provided with the product by the manufacturer company.
- After 15 minutes, take out the plastic plants from the bleach solution. If any smell of bleach solution remains, wash the plants again before returning them to the aquarium.
- Running warm water is ideal for easy removing algae or other dirt that attached to the plants.
- For removing plastic plants from bleach solution, you should use gloves to protect your skin from the bleach.
- Wash the plants thoroughly under running warm water. if the plants feel slimy, use the brush again to remove the remaining algae and finally wash it with again running warm water.
- To dry the plants properly, you can use a paper towel or a soft cloth. After drying up the plants, carefully place the plants in the suitable location of the aquarium.
Hair Algae: Causes and how to get rid of them
You have this beautiful fish tank with nice aquarium plants and so on and then suddenly everything turns into a green carpet like surface. What is that or what is the cause of that, and how can you get rid of it? In this article we will try to answer all that questions and give some information about hair algae. We will discuss different methods that will help prevent and get rid of them. Continue reading for all that information.
There are so many different types of algae that it is very hard and sometimes even not possible to identify them. Most of you have different types of algae in your tank.
What causes Hair algae to grow?
This type of algae belongs to Oedogonium genus. When hair algae appear in salty water in a short period of time it can cover the whole tank. And if you will not do anything to stop their development they will take over the whole tank. And this will turn your aquarium into a green jungle like place which is something that no aquarium keeper wants to see.
Also, if you notice the early appearance of algae try to get rid of it as soon as possible. As with time, it will spread more and it will be way difficult to get rid of the algae.
Hair algae survive with the help of phosphate and nitrate. Thus when the levels of phosphate and nitrates are high there is high possibility that hair algae will appear in your tank.
Usually, hair algae are formed during the cycling period of the tank when it’s still searching for a biological balance. After some time hair algae will disappear, especially with the help of algae eating tanks inhabitants.
Another cause of hair algae can be light, especially when the light in your tank is too bright then hair algae will spread even faster.
Co2 can also cause hair algae, a perfect level of CO2 in the tank should be 20-30 ml per liters.
How to prevent and get rid of hair algae?
Getting rid of hair algae is a real pain and you need to understand that it will take some time. Also, you will probably not be able to completely get rid of hair algae at first.
One of the most obvious ways to get rid of hair algae is by ripping it. You need to literally rip off the hair algae from the rocks. Turn the filter off so the ripped parts will not move around and fall into hiding places where they can grow again. You can do it with rubber gloves or even without. Juts carefully rip all the hair algae from your tank. This way you will solve the half of the problem. After that, you have to try to maintain that achievement.
As hair algae exist when phosphate and nitrates exist in the aquarium water then it means that if you want to get rid of the hair algae you need to lower the level of phosphate and nitrates. The level of phosphate should be .05 ml per liter and the level of nitrate should be 10ml per liter.
As mentioned above light can be one of the reasons that hair algae appear. In order to prevent that, you need to lower the brightness of the light in your fish tank. Lower light will not cause green hair algae to spread in your tank.
Another efficient way that will help to get rid of algae hair is by the help of algae eaters. Buy some fish or other aquarium inhabitants that can be fed by algae hair and they will do the job for you. For example, you can buy Ameca splendens, flagfish Jordanella floridae, mollies or other algae eaters. Also, ghost shrimps are algae eaters so they can also be helpful.
The next method that can help to prevent and get rid of hair algae is water change. If you notice that your tank has an excess of nutrients, then you need to often change the water in the aquarium to solve that issue.
Although many hobbyists think that changing tanks water too often may be beneficial for hair algae as they tend to adapt to changes faster than aquarium plants. Thus it might even be worse.
Plants can be another method to prevent hair algae appearance. First of all, you need to choose healthy plants for your tank. The way that plants can help you with algae is that the more plants there are in the tank the less space there will be for algae. Also, plants create shade in the tank which will make it harder for algae to spread around.
Also, you can try algae control products. The algaecides can be very helpful, though some people think that these products do not solve the problem and just cover the problem for some short period of time.
Liquid carbo can also be helpful when fighting with hair algae. Because hair algae hate liquid carbo, thus these can be very effective. Use liquid carbo every day, this will solve the problem. But if you want to have better results then apply the liquid carbo directly to the areas where you notice the most of the hair algae.
So, hopefully, this article will help you to get rid of that annoying algae hair. Be patient because this may take longer and it is not an easy process. But using the above mentioned methods you will eventually start seeing changes for the better. Some of the methods may be helpful for some people but may not work for others. This all can depend on many factors and one of them is water. As water is different in various parts of the world thus this methods may have different results for a certain type of water. Do not lose hope this may be very difficult but it is definitely possible to get rid of algae hair.
Excess soil after gardening, landscaping or renovation projects can be a real challenge to get rid of; it’s heavy, bulky and messy, and becomes far more problematic once it’s wet. Bearing this in mind, we’ve put together a guide on how to get rid of soil with some quick, simple and cost-effective ways of getting rid of the unwanted soil that’s been cluttering up your property.
Advertise locally and online
Just because your soil is a burden to you, doesn’t mean that other people won’t want it. Start off with your neighbours and friends – you never know – they could be planning a landscaping or construction project where your excess soil will be invaluable. In addition, why not try – if you live in a rural location – talking to local farmers. There is a good chance that they will be able to find a use for even low quality soil, as well as having the equipment to collect and transport it.
Another great idea is to advertise your excess earth on sites such as Gumtree, eBay and Freecycle. If your soil is of a poor quality, advertise it as such – this could still be used by people carrying out landscaping projects, such as laying a patio or the base of a flowerbed. If the waste soil that you have is of a better quality, mention this in your advert and it will be easy to find someone who’ll take it off your hands. An advantage of using these websites is that people who want your soil will collect it from your property, as long as you specify so in the advert.
Use it for another project
If your soil is of a decent quality, you could think about using it yourself in another DIY project, perhaps as the base of a raised flower bed, or in garden pots. If you’re looking for a little inspiration, sites like BBC Gardening and Gardeners World are a great place to start.
Before using your excess earth for gardening, it is a good idea to check its suitability for growing plants. You can find a list of some useful tests to carry out before using your soil here. If you do discover issues with your soil, there are ways that you can improve the quality, for example digging in well-rotted, bulky organic matter and applying fertilisers like blood, bone and fishmeal.
If you are looking for a simple, convenient and reliable service for getting rid of your excess soil around your property or site, HIPPO offers the perfect solution. We have a great deal of experience removing soil and other waste for our customers and will ensure that removing your excess soil is a stress free and efficient operation.
Our strong, lightweight skip alternative bags are perfectly suited to disposing of earth, and can be collected from a place of your convenience (within 4 metres of the roadside) rather than having to be left on the road like a traditional skip. We can even collect waste from behind walls and fences, as long as they are under 6ft tall.
HIPPO offer 3 different sizes of bag, so you can suit the size of bag to how much soil you need disposing of, this ensures that you won’t be paying for more than you’re using. Simply buy your HIPPOBAG flat packed online or from one of our trusted retailers, take your time to fill it up, then call us and we will collect it for you!
Make use of these handy tips and that excess soil around your property needn’t be a problem any longer! Whether you use the soil yourself, advertise it online, or trust HIPPO to ensure a stress-free collection, this guide will ensure that that bulky, unsightly soil will be off your hands in no time!