Best fertilizer for jasmine

Growing Jasmine Indoors: Care Of Indoor Jasmine Plants

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If winter blooms and sweet, nighttime fragrance appeal to your senses, consider growing jasmine indoors. Not all jasmine flowers are fragrant, but Jasminum polyanthum, the variety commonly used when growing jasmine indoors, has a sweet aroma that is particularly fragrant at night. Let’s learn more about the care of indoor jasmine.

How to Care for a Jasmine Houseplant

Indoor jasmine plants actually benefit from spending time outdoors. In summer, locate indoor jasmine plants in a partly sunny spot to encourage robust growth.

Jasmine flowers are set during another outdoor stretch of six weeks in the cool of autumn. This encourages buds to form for the typical February bloom of jasmine flowers. If indoor jasmine plants don’t bloom, it may be they’ve not been exposed to cool enough temperatures.

Back inside, place near a south window when growing jasmine indoors. Indoor jasmine plants are vigorous climbers and need an indoor trellis or support for their vigorous growth.

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Care of Indoor Jasmine

Cool temperatures and the right location in a well-lit room or sunny window is important for this plant. Good air circulation helps promote showy white, winter blooms of the J. polyanthum when growing jasmine indoors. The plant can tolerate as much as four hours per day of direct sunlight, from late spring through fall. Decrease direct sunlight in winter.

Soil for indoor jasmine plants should be porous and may be modified with bark, coir or other organic materials. The soil mixture should remain moist throughout the year, but not soggy. Less water is needed during the resting period following bloom decline.

Care of indoor jasmine includes fertilization with a weakened houseplant food throughout the growing season. High phosphorus fertilizer prolongs the length of bloom time.

White, cottony masses under leaves and on stems may indicate that mealybugs have taken up residence on your plant. Remove as many as possible when pruning. Use a cotton swab dipped in alcohol to remove any masses left when pruning is finished.

Pruning is necessary when growing jasmine indoors. As you’re learning how to care for a jasmine houseplant, you may find it getting out of hand if you don’t prune regularly to keep it under control. Prune heavily at the beginning of the spring growing season while training the twining vine to a support.

Indoor jasmine plants have a long lifespan when cared for properly. Repot in spring. Prune the roots when moving to fresh soil, as needed.

If you have a different type of jasmine and want to try growing it indoors, follow the above guidelines. Other types may not need as much sun, but often grow equally well and bloom when grown as indoor plants.

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Jasmine

Jasminum sambac, a popular species in the genus Jasmine is also the National Flower of Indonesia where it is known as Melati, and the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita.

The Jasmine is a very popular flower around the world especially in the tropics because of its unique fragrance. The Jasmine is native to tropical and warm or temperate regions of the old world.

The Jasmine flowers are white in most species, with some species being yellow. The Jasmine is believed to have originated in the Himalayas in western China.

Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Lamiales Family Oleaceae Genus Jasminum

Unlike most genera in the Oleceae family, which have four corolla lobe petals, Jasmines often have five or six lobes. Jasmines are often strong and sweet scented. Jasmines are widely cultivated for their shining leaves and beautiful clusters of fragrant flowers.

Flowering in Jasmines takes place in summer or spring which is usally six months after planting. The Jasmine flower releases its fragrance at night after the sun has set and especially when the moon is waxing towards fullness. Jasmine flower buds are more fragrant than the flowers.

There exists a true Jasmine and a false Jasmine, and the two are commonly mistaken for each other because of the fragrance the plants release. The true Jasmine belongs to the family Oleaceae and is primarily a bushy shrub or a climbing vine and is non-poisonous.

True Jasmines have oval, shiny leaves and tubular, waxy-white flowers. The false Jasmine on the other hand is in a completely different genus, Gelsemium, and family, Loganiaceae, which is considered too poisonous for human consumption.

Facts About Jasmine

  • Jasmine shrubs reach a height of 10-15 feet, growing approximately 12-24 inches per year.
  • Jasmine leaves are either evergreen or deciduous.
  • A Jasmine leaf is arranged opposite in most species. The leaf shape is simple, trifoliate or pinnate with 5-9 leaflets, each up to two and half inches long.
  • The Jasmine stems are slender, trailing, green, glabrous, angled, and almost 4-sided.
  • Most of the Jasmine species bear white flowers, which are about 1 inch in size.
  • The Jasmine oil, which is a very popular fragrant oil, contains benzyl acetate, terpinol, jasmone, benzyl benzoate, linalool, several alcohols, and other compounds.
  • The variety Jasminium sambac, is a clustered flower of an equally strong scent known in Hawaii as the Pikake.
  • The two types of Jasmine which are used for oil production are the Jasminum grandiflorum and Jasminum officinale.
  • The nectar of the fragrant flowers of Carolina Jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens, is poisonous, although its dried roots are used as a sedative in medicinal preparations.
  • The Jasmine flower oil, extracted from the two species Jasminum Officinale and Grandiflorum, is used in high-grade perfumes and cosmetics, such as creams, oils, soaps, and shampoos.

Growing Jasmine Flowers

  • Jasmines grow well in moist, well drained, sandy loam to clayey garden soil with moderate level of fertility.
  • Jasmines prefer a full sun to partial shade and a warm site.
  • Jasmine bushes should be planted during June to November.
  • Jasmine plant should be kept at least eight feet apart in order to save the later growth of the plant from jamming together.
  • Adding of leaf molds to the soil makes a better growth of the plant.
  • Mild fertilizer should be applied during spring.
  • Plenty of water should be given during summer.
  • Jasmine plants should be provided with full sunlight up to at least four hours a day.

Also have a look at some other Flowers

Rose Flower Daisy Flowers Iris Flower
Tiger lilies Lily Flower Marigold
Cosmos Flowers Morning glory Larkspur Flower
Peony Flower Sampaguita Daffodils
Lisianthus Agapanthus Gladiolus
Carnations Tulips Summer Flowers
Exotic Flowers Tropical Flowers Spring Flowers

The Jasminum comes from a family of shrubs and vines, which largely make up the olives. There are approximately 200 different species of the Jasminum, among which only one originated from Europe.

The rest of them have their origins linked to the tropical areas of Asia, Australia, and the islands of the Pacific Ocean.

The name Jasmine is derived from the Persian language, and it was originally called Yasameen, which means “a gift from God.”

The flowers from the Jasmine plant have a very nice fragrance and is the main reason why many people cultivate it. Others cultivate them for their berries, which turn black when ripe.

Most Jasmine species are evergreen, but some of them have leaves that fall off during the autumn. With white, yellow, or in a few instances, red flowers, the plant stands out and is very attractive.

Different species have different types of leaves. Some have simple leaves, others trifoliate leaves, and still others have pinnate leaves.

Apart from the people who have large Jasmine farms for either the flowers or the berries, many others keep it as a house plant. Women in Southeast Asia are often seen with the Jasmine flower in their hair as part of their daily dressing.

More than just a decorative piece, the flower from the plant is also largely used in China and Japan to prepare the Jasmine tea, which the Chinese fondly refer to as Jasmine flower tea, and the Japanese “sanpin cha”.

In most of the Asian countries, especially in India, the Jasmine has great cultural importance. The flowers are used during domestic rituals, such as marriage ceremonies, and also during religious festivals as when the lord Jagannath is bathed in water scented with Jasmine.

Bunches of the Jasmine flower being sold at the entrance to the temples are a common sight in India and many other Asian countries.

It is also a favorite in the perfume industry.

Many other countries in Asia, and also Hawaii, look at the Jasmine plant as their national or state symbol.

Jasmine Plant Overview

Quick Facts

Common name Jasmine
Scientific name Jasminum
Origin Asia, Australia, Oceania, Europe
Fertilizer Weak liquid fertilizer
Max Growth Varies with the species
Light Depends on the species
Water Should be lightly watered throughout the year
Temperature At least 40°F
Soil Well-draining soil
Humidity It is important to mist the leaves during the hot seasons
Propagation Can be done easily from stem tip cuttings
Pests Budworm, blossom midge, eriophyid mite
Repotting Should be done at the beginning of spring
Poisonous for Not toxic

Jasminum does very well when planted indoors and with minimal care. Because they don’t grow wide, you can place the pots you plant them in conveniently anywhere in your home.

You must, however, make sure to have a trellis because most types of Jasmines are actually vigorous climbers and they need the necessary support to be able to spread out.

Many people support their Jasmine plants with an arch. The plant twists around it, providing not only support but also a very beautiful focal point.

Jasmine Species

There are almost 200 different species of the Jasmine plant. Some of these primarily grow in the wild and do not have the signature fragrance that the plant is known for.

These are the most common varieties.

Jasminum Polyanthum

Jasminum polyanthum (Pink Jasmine, aka White Jasmine)

This is the most popular among all the species of the Jasminum. It is known by different names, including Winter Blooming Jasmine, Pink Jasmine, and Chinese Jasmine. Others refer to it as simply Jasmine.

This particular species is a vining plant and will, therefore, require support for it to grow well. Frequent pruning is also very important to the Jasmine Polyanthum.

What sets it apart from almost all the other plants are the pink blossoms that it has during winter. They are much easier to take care of when planted indoors, unlike the other species that might need more detailed care.

Their strong fragrance, which becomes even more intense during the night, is well appreciated by many gardeners.

Primrose Jasmine (Jasminum Mesnyi)

Jasminum Mesnyi (Primrose jasmine, Japanese jasmine) – Source: starr-environmental

The Primrose Jasmine, also called Japanese Jasmine, has long stems that can climb easily with no need for a trellis or any other support.

Most Primrose shrubs grow to a height of approximately 10 feet, and they also spread approximately 10 feet. It produces a lot of trumpet-shaped fragrant yellow flowers.

This particular species of Jasminum does better in a sub-tropical climate. Hard frost kills it, but it does rebound in some cases.

The plant requires light pruning, which should be done immediately after flowering. Don’t over prune it, though, to ensure that you maintain its graceful and arching appearance.

Orange Jasmine (Lakeview Jasmine)

Orange Jasmine (Murraya paniculata)

The Orange Jasmine (also called Orange jessamine, Murraya paniculata) is closely linked to the citrus family. The plant has orange blossoms and it does best when planted in the outdoor gardens.

The leaves of this Jasmine species are oval with a deep green shine. In a mature plant, the leaves go up to 2 and 3/4 inches long. A mature Orange Jasmine plant will measure 8-12 feet.

Its fragrant flowers, which are formed in small clusters, always bloom in spring. It doesn’t do well in hot areas and should, therefore, be planted in a place where it receives the light from the morning sun and is in shade during the afternoon.

It is one of the best choices when you are looking to attract birds, butterflies, or bees to your garden.

It is among the non-vining Jasminum plants and, therefore, is mostly used to create very beautiful hedges. It can also be planted and kept as a small tree.

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac)

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac)

The Arabian Jasmine originated in the eastern Himalayas. In the recent past, it has been localized in many different parts in the world.

A mature Arabian Jasmine will be about 3m tall with white, highly fragrant flowers. It is a favorite in Asia and is the Philippine national flower where the locals call it the Sampaguita. It is also one among the Indonesian national flowers where it is known as the Melati Putih.

The flowers of the Arabian Jasmine, which grow in the form of clusters of 3-12, bloom throughout the year.

Pinwheel Jasmine (Crepe jasmine)

Pinwheel Jasmine (Crepe jasmine)

Also called Tabernaemontana divaricata, the Pinwheel Jasmine is a fragrant shrub with curled white flowers, which look like the pinwheel. It can be grown evergreen with up to 10 feet in height and 6 feet in width. This plant can tolerate full sun or partial shade and is usually grown in USDA plant hardiness zones from 9 to 11.

Jasmine Plant Care Instructions

Light

Different Jasminum species require different light intensities. Many of the species do well in areas with ample light in the morning and partial shade in the afternoon.

For the indoor plants, it is important that they be placed in a room that is well lit and with proper air circulation. This will allow it to have snowy white blossoms in winter.

This plant can, in most cases, readily tolerate up to 4 hours of sunlight, but the intensity of light should be reduced in winter.

For a Jasmine plant that is planted outdoors, it is important that you create some shade for it during the hot season so that the heat from the sun does not directly hit it.

Soil

It is good to use soil that is porous when planting a Jasmine plant. The best way to modify the soil is by adding either coir or bark

Make sure that the soil remains moist but not mushy throughout the year. You also need to reduce the water levels during the period before the blooming stops.

When preparing to plant, prepare the soil well in advance and be sure to keep it watered at least once every day for three days before you use it to plant.

Fertilizer

Adding fertilizer to your indoor Jasmine plant is one of the most important aspects of its care. You’ll want to add slightly diluted house plant during the growing period.

When your plant starts to bloom, you can use a fertilizer high in phosphorous to make it bloom for a much longer time.

Water

Water the plant regularly and ensure that the soil remains moist all year round. Be careful not to overwater your Jasmine plant though. Overwatering can cause root rot.

A rule of thumb is that you should water the plant regularly but not to the point where the soil is soggy.

It is much easier to propagate the vining Jasmine varieties than the non-vining Jasmines. Pick your cuttings from the plant during the time that you are re-potting to make it easier for you. To increase the chances of a success, you might consider using a rooting hormone.

You should place the cuttings in a location that is warm and bright with high humidity. Keep the supply of water to the cuttings steady but not high.

Re-Potting

The best time to re-pot the Jasmine plant is during spring. This is primarily because vining plants are pruned much more aggressively at the start of a growing season to control growth and also to give them support.

Pruning

Different species of the Jasmine plant have different pruning needs. But to keep your plant looking healthy and easy to manage, you should make a point of pruning it regularly.

Common Problems, Pests, and Diseases

The Jasmine plant is not usually affected by pests and diseases. There are, however, times when other plants close to it attract diseases or pests to the plant.

Budworm

The larvae of this pest likes hiding in the cluster of the flowers as it feeds on the buds of the plant. This greatly affects the buds as they tend to fall off much more regularly. The extract from neem seed is very helpful in controlling this. Generously spray it on the whole plant.

Blossom Midge

The destructive maggots tend to attack the buds from the base. Swellings can then be seen at the base, which eventually leads to the plants having a stunted and dry look.

Collect and destroy all the affected flower buds. The best way to do this is to place all the infested buds in a sealable plastic bag to ensure the maggots don’t escape.

Eriophyid Mite

These very tiny pests are a great risk to the Jasmine plant as they are very tiny. The only sign of their presence can be seen by the type of damage seen on the plant. To control their spread, generously spray neem oil on all the affected plants.

Leaf Blight

You can identify leaf blight with the red and brown patches that grow on the upper part of the leaf. This infection spreads very quickly during the wet seasons.

The leaves then start to curl and dry out, which causes a great reduction in flower production.

Rust

This is a fungal attack that mostly occurs in the parts of the plant that are exposed to the air. It is characterized by yellow and orange colored pores.

Both of these diseases can be treated by mixing baking soda and water, and then evenly spraying the mixture on the plant.

FAQs

1. What should I do when the flowers keep falling off my Jasmine plant?

Most of the time, the plants take time growing its roots before it starts keeping its flowers. It is important to keep a healthy watering schedule so that the plant is neither under-watered nor over-watered. You might also check for any pests that might have infested the plant.

2. What is the best time to re-pot a Jasmine shrub?

It is best to transplant Jasmine plants during the spring. That is the time when they are full of energy and the chances of successfully re-potting them are greater.

3. My Jasmine plant has healthy leaves but no flowers. What could be the problem?

Most of the time, if your Jasmine plant should have flowers but doesn’t, the most common possible cause of this is that it has more nitrogen than the plant needs and very little phosphorous. Adjust your potting mix or soil appropriately.

Conclusion

The Jasmine plant is one of the most beautiful and also useful plants that you can have around the home. They can keep your home very fresh with a pleasing fragrance. Arches decorated with Jasmines offer some of the best focal points, not forgetting the awesome tea that you can make with Jasmine.

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