Baby blue eyes flowers

Baby Blue Eyes Plant – Growing And Caring For Baby Blue Eyes

Baby blue eyes plant is native to part of California, particularly the Baja area, but it is a successful annual in many other parts of the United States. Learn how to grow baby blue eyes for a spectacular display of soft blue or white flowers that attract important garden pollinators. Butterflies, bees and other helpful insects use the nectar as food. Growing baby blue eyes ensures these important insects stay in your yard to help pollinate other flowers and vegetables.

Baby Blue Eyes Plant

Baby blue eyes (Nemophila menziesii) is a low spreading shrub-like plant that has succulent stems and flowers with six curved blue petals. Baby blue eyes may get 6 to 12 inches high and over a foot wide. The blue flowers have a romantic, soft hue that shows well with other pastel flowers as part of a native wildflower garden. You can expect baby blue eyes flowers in late winter where temperatures are moderate, and the plant blooms until late spring to early summer.

The baby blue eyes flower is an excellent plant to use in rockeries, containers and massed as border plants in annual gardens. They create one of the first displays of annual color after the snow and ice have melted. Baby blue eyes plants are native wildflowers in California and arid zones. They are an important part of the coastal prairie and easy to grow and care for as a garden plant.

How to Grow Baby Blue Eyes

The baby blue eyes flower is easy to start from seed. Choose a site with full sun to partial shade and one that provides some shelter from drying winds.

The plant does well in sandy, gritty soils and has some drought tolerance. In fact, light sandy soil makes the best seed bed for the baby blue eyes flower, as it drains well. Wait until soils warm to nearly 60 F. (16 C.) before sowing the tiny seeds. Sow seeds just under a fine layer of soil about 1/16-inch thick.

Baby blue eyes flower will germinate in seven to 10 days where there is cool weather and short days. Keep the seedbed lightly moist until germination. Baby blue eyes plant seeds readily but does not transplant well. Fortunately, the plant is easy to sow and takes off quickly.

Caring for Baby Blue Eyes

Since baby blue eyes is a low growing plant with a succulent stem and leaves, caring for baby blue eyes requires little maintenance. It has moderate drought tolerance but will die back when confronted with severe dry conditions.

The plant does not need fertilizer when planted in areas with organically rich soil.

Pinch the tips of the growth to force bushier plant formation. Once the plant has flowered and seed heads formed, cut them off and dry them in a paper bag. Shake the bag after a week and then pick out the larger pieces of chaff. Save the seeds until the following spring and re-sow for a new crop of this wonderful plant.

Baby Blue Eyes: The Versatile California Wildflower

Baby Blue Eyes, Nemophila menziesii, are among the most versatile of California native wildflowers. They are often found as one part of a wildflower collection, but they can also be used effectively in a more formal garden setting, such as in a border or cascading over the edge of a container or wall. And Baby Blue Eyes make an excellent cover for spring bulbs. As their name states, Baby Blue Eyes are blue: true blue flowers with a white center.

Baby Blue Eyes in mass

Timing. Plant Baby Blue Eyes in late fall and blooms may appear as early as February and continue into May or June.

Soil. Baby Blue Eyes tolerate a wide variety of soil types and tolerate a soil pH from 6.0 to 8.0. Regardless of soil type, the soil must be well draining.

Microclimate. Baby Blue Eyes grow in full sun or partial shade. Seeds typically germinate in late winter or early spring when temperatures reach 68oF and 72oF.

How to Plant. From seed. To broadcast seed outdoors over a wide area, choose a weed free location and water the area thoroughly. To ensure an even seed distribution, consider mixing a small amount of sand with the seed. Broadcast seeds over the area, spread a very, very light layer of soil over the top and water gently. Mist daily to keep soil moist until seeds emerge and plants establish.

To grow Baby Blue Eyes in a more formal garden setting, such as in a border or container, loosen the soil with your fingers and place seeds in individual shallow depressions approximately 4 to 8 inches apart. Then cover the seeds with a very, very light layer of soil and water gently. Mist daily to keep soil moist until seeds emerge and plants establish.

Watering. California wildflowers are typically drought tolerant, but as annuals their seeds need fall and winter rains to germinate. In years with average rainfall, fall and winter rains may provide adequate water during the growing season; in years of drought, plants will need water once every 7 days if in full sun or once every 10 days if in partial shade. To prolong bloom, water Baby Blue Eyes throughout the spring once every 7 days if in full sun or once every 10 days if in partial shade. Plants in full sun will need more water than plants in partial shade. Avoid overwatering.

Don’t know your California climate zone?

Other articles of interest:

Getting Started With California Poppy

Tips for Using California Poppy in a Sustainable Garden

Sky Lupine: A Lovely California Native Wildflower

California Goldfields: Plant in Fall for a Burst of Golden Spring Color

12 bizarre real-life plants that look like sci-fi alien monsters

Are plants the missing link between ancient astronauts and Earth? One look at these freaks of nature is enough to convince us. We combed the planet to find 12 plants that make the horrific Day of the Triffids look as tame as The Happening.

Hydnora Africana

This plant’s main defense seems to be striking cold-blooded fear into the heart of any predator that comes near. Whether it is bursting from the sand, as in the above pic …

… or bursting through some poor space soldier’s chest, this plant lives to scare. First of all, it reeks of dung, as one of its favorite friends is the dung beetle. Eventually a dung beetle will crawl into its jawlike leaves (proving that eating dung gives a creature enormous courage). At that point, rather than eat the beetle like the merciful Venus flytrap, the Hydnora Africana will trap the dung beetle alive for a short period of time.

The goal is for the beetle to lose bodily fluids (perhaps from being so scared), thus pollinating the flower. Having had a good time, the flower opens, allowing the no-doubt-traumatized beetle to escape to a relaxing pile of dung.

Octopus Stinkhorn

What looks like the hatching of Cthulhu is actually an Australian fungus. It hatches from an egglike substance and pollinates through flies. It is because of this that scientists think it has evolved to resemble decaying flesh, because that attracts flies.

Also, it apparently completes the disguise by smelling of rotting meat. Did we mention it reproduces by making something that looks like eggs? If the world of fungus were a cartoon, this creature would have its own evil castle.


Over time, this plant has found that its best chance of survival is to resemble a stone. Because what animal thinks about picking up a stone and eating it?

However, instead of just looking like a plain old gray rock, lithops decided, “Hey, why not be fabulous?” As a result, many gardeners like to grow them simply for appearance—although sometimes that appearance can be alien and horrific.

Doll’s Eye

Doll’s eyes are a unique plant native to the eastern parts of North America. Naturally, the most shocking part is the white berries it produces. Eating these berries can be fatal to humans, which is what you get for trying to eat a bunch of eyeballs.

Oddly enough, birds can eat the berries just fine. It is birds that provide the pollination the flower needs to continue on. Which just proves that Hitchcock was right: Birds have a natural inclination to eat eyeballs.

Strangler Fig

If aliens tried to invade Earth by disguising themselves as trees, then sucking other trees’ nutrients, they would already have a competitor in the strangler fig.

No doubt all of the normal trees think this plant is a total jerk. Often it will kill the tree to which it is attached. That’s a slow and agonizing death for a tree: watching a predator slowly grow on you for dozens of years.

Silver Torch Cactus

Silver torch is an interesting name for this species. We probably would’ve gone with “alien worms cactus,” which is admittedly not as catchy.

In fact, those weird parasitic-looking red things are unopened flowers. This South America plant’s flowers hardly ever open in nature. Which is weird, because we suspect that no right-thinking predator would ever come near that prickly, scary plant.

Pitcher Plant

What looks like a smiling red trash can is really an elaborate trap to catch large food. This pitcher plant has a pool of liquid in the top. When insects try to get a drink, the lid closes and the liquid is revealed to be digestive fluid.

It’s kind of a silly strategy: Paint your stomach bright colors, then sit there and hope food crawls into it. But it’s made the pitcher plant one of the more diverse carnivorous plants. As long as insects stay pretty stupid, the pitcher plant will always have a steady supply of food.

Rafflesia arnoldii

A lot has been said about the corpse flower: It rarely blooms, and it reeks of decaying flesh. For some reason, this has made it an extremely popular exhibition flower. But what people don’t focus on is that when it grows seeds, it looks like a thousand-eyed baseball bat.

It seems like a lot of flowers like to gross out potential prey. That’s not a bad strategy—the next time we get mugged we’ll try vomiting all over ourselves.

Horned Melon

Apparently, growing spikes all over its body wasn’t enough to stop predators, as humans like to eat it the world over. Even though it definitely looks like an alien mouth.

Seriously, many people look at this thing and say, “Mmmm, I’d like to eat that.” It’s grown in California, Africa, South America, New Zealand and Asia. So we suppose we’re the freaks for not wanting to try new things, if those new things look like they want to mate with our face.

Elephant foot yam

We’re not entirely sure what this beastly plant has to do with elephants or feet, although it is a yam. The giant flower makes it a popular cash crop in Southeast Asia.

Whoever first walked up to this flower and started munching on it must’ve been desperately hungry, to the point where they would’ve walked up and started munching on an angry bear.

Cedar Apple Rust Fungus

This gross fungus attacks the hanging apple, turning it into something that looks like an alien parasite.

We wonder what being a cedar apple with rust fungus feels like. We imagine it’s like being disemboweled by one of those traps from Saw, except in super-slow motion.

Black Bat Flower

The mutant product that would probably spawn if Batman had a baby with one of Poison Ivy’s plants. We’d imagine that, for a plant, having one of these growing near is the equivalent of that scene in Star Wars where that giant ship flies overhead.

This plant looks like it flew straight out of Babylon 5. Animals are probably afraid to go near it, thinking it could face-hug them at any minute.

The flora and fauna of Earth definitely contain some of the most odd-looking specimens of all time. So, if you’re looking for alien life, stop gazing toward the stars and start staring at the ground.

Baby blue eyes are beautifully breathtaking, but I’am not talking about the eyes of a newborn child. Baby blue eyes, which are also known as nemophila menziesii, are soft white and blue wildflowers that originate in the Baja area of California. It has a very low to the ground spread that will look great in a flower garden, a rock garden, or even as a border along your garden pathway. When the spread is wide enough, it will add an absolutely beautiful array of color to your garden, but the trick is knowing how to care for the baby blue eyes properly. Let’s take a look at some growing tips to help you create a beautiful spread of baby blue eyes.

1. The best way to begin growing a baby blue eye plant is to start it from a seed. It is a plant that grows best in warmer temperatures, so do not attempt to germinate the seeds until the temperature remains about 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

2. Disturbing the roots of an adult baby blue eye plant can cause the roots of the plant distress, so if you are transplanting an adult plant, make sure to take additional care of the roots. Many times transplanting a baby blue eye plant can cause it to perish, but if you do end up losing your plant, it can easily be grown back from a seed in time.

3. The plant loves sunlight, but full sun often wilts the leaves, so partial sun is the best option to ensure that the plant is healthy so that it can properly grow. If your sunlight is limited, try a location that has a lot of afternoon shade because that is the time when the sun is the hottest and the leaves of the plant can become scorched.

4. Baby blue eyes tend to do best in enriched soil that is made from a combination of compost and sandy soil. The plant will not have any issues growing in most types of soil, but they need to be well-drained soil that will not hold water at the roots.

5. Fertilizer is rarely needed to improve the growth of this plant, but it can be a useful additive that will only help the plant to grow more.

6. When you first plant a baby blue eye, make sure that the plant is watered quite a bit, but also make sure that you add the water to the container or garden gently so that the seeds that you are attempting to germinate do not wash away.

7. These wildflowers do not require a lot of water to grow; in fact, they are accustomed to living in an area where droughts are common. Make sure that the top of the soil is dry to the touch before giving the plant additional water. Baby blue eyes are not cactus plants however, so make sure that you do give them water before the soil is completely dry because a lack of water could stunt the growth of the plant or even kill it.

8. A seed that you are attempting to grow should be planted in the ground 1/16th of an inch below the surface of the soil. With enough cool air, water, and sun, the plant should germinate in approximately seven to ten days.

9. If you are looking for a thicker spread of these wildflowers, you can pinch the tips of the plant. Once the blooming period begins, cut off the heads of the plant, dry them out in a brown paper bag, and you will have a good bit of seeds to plant next spring.

10. Aphids can be an issue with these plants, so to make sure that the little insects are not harming your plants, you can use a garden hose to remedy the situation. You can also create a soapy mixture if the water alone does not do the trick.

Planting baby blue eyes in your garden will require a bit of effort, but if you follow these tips, you will have an amazing ground spread in no time.


Baby Blue Eyes

Baby blue eyes is a California native found in woodland sites. It blooms well all summer in full sun as long as it is kept well watered and night temperatures drop below 65% F.

: Baby blue eyes is a small plant, rarely growing over 10 inches high. The mounding plants are covered with flowers that are up to 11/2 inches in diameter. Most commonly, the flowers are sky-blue centered with white; some forms are spotted or veined with deeper colors.


: Nemophila does best in cool, dry climates where it will grow well in full sun as long as it is kept moist. In warmer regions, it will benefit from partial or dappled shade. In the warmest areas, it should be planted for a spring display. Baby blue eyes must have good drainage; a light, sandy loam is best. Transplant plants into the garden after the last frost. Space 6 to 9 inches apart. Nemophila readily reseeds itself in the garden.

: By seed. To get a jump on warm weather in hot summer areas, sow seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks prior to planting out. Seeds germinate in 7 to 12 days at 55% F. In cool summer areas, seeds can be sown in place outdoors in the spring as soon as the ground can be worked. Thin seedlings to a 6- to 9-inch spacing.

: This low-growing plant is wonderful in front of borders and as an edging for beds, walkways, and paths. Try it tucked between the paving stones in a patio. Plant it in rock gardens. It’s a natural for containers.

elated species: Nemophila maculata is commonly called Five Spot. Very similar in growth habit, it’s so named because the white, open-faced flowers have a purple spot at the tip of each petal.

Baby blue eyes related varieties: Most seed houses offer their own selection of the species. Sometimes available is Insignis Blue. Penny Black is a color breakthrough, with purple-black flowers.

baby blue eyes: Nemophila menziesii

Want more gardening information? Try:

  • Annual Grasses; learn more about annual grasses and foliage
  • Perennial Grasses; read more about perennial ornamental grasses and unusual ground cover
  • Gardening; turn your garden into a lush retreat using these step-by-step instructions

Evolvulus glomeratus ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’ (Brazilian dwarf morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’)

Botanical name

Evolvulus glomeratus ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’

Other names

Brazilian dwarf morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’, Dwarf morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’, Creeping morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’, Silky morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’, Evolvulus pilosus ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’


Evolvulus Evolvulus

Variety or Cultivar

‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’ _ ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’ is a tender, trailing, evergreen subshrub, typically grown as an annual bedding or container plant, with ovate, spoon-, or lance-shaped, hairy, grey-green leaves and funnel-shaped, blue flowers from summer to the first frost in autumn.





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Blue in Summer; Blue in Autumn

Grey-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for


Generally pest-free


May get leaf blotch

General care


Pinch out tips to encourage bushier growth. If treated as an annual, remove at the end of the growing season. If grown as a subshrub, trim lightly after flowering.


Sow seed in spring at 13-16C.

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings

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Where to grow

Evolvulus glomeratus ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’ (Brazilian dwarf morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’) will reach a height of 0.45m and a spread of 0.9m after 1 year.

Suggested uses

Containers, Cottage/Informal, Hanging baskets


In frost-free areas, grow in poor to moderately fertile, well-drained soil in sun. Under glass, grow in loam-based compost with added sand in full light. In growth, water moderately & feed monthly, sparingly in winter.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral


Full Sun


South, East, West



UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 11, Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8

Defra’s Risk register #1

Plant name

Evolvulus glomeratus ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’ (Brazilian dwarf morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis



Current status in UK


Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low – 5 is very high)

Impact (1 is very low – 5 is very high)

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra’s Risk register #2

Evolvulus glomeratus ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’ (Brazilian dwarf morning glory ‘Hawaiian Blue Eyes’)

Epicauta atomaria



South American blister beetle; affecting solanaceous crops which (as plants for planting) are prohibited from entering the UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read “Don’t risk it” advice here

Suspected outbreak?

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit:

The Secret Language of Flowers (N)

The Secret Language of Flowers (N)

Narcissus Nasturtium Nemophila

The List of Flowers:

  1. Narcissus- (Narcissus is a genus of mainly hardy, mostly spring-flowering, bulbs in the Amaryllis family, subfamily Amarylidoideae, native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. There are also several Narcissus species that bloom in the autumn. All Narcissus varieties contain the alkaloid poison lycorine, mostly in the bulb but also in the leaves. ) Meaning: Self-love. “You love no one better than yourself.”
  2. Nasturtium- (Nasturtium is a genus of five plant species in the family Brassicaceae-cabbage family, best known for the edible watercresses Nasturtium microphyllum and Nasturtium officinal. These plants are related to garden cress and mustard, noteworthy for a peppery, tangy (pungent) flavour. The name Nasturtium comes from the Latin ‘nasus tortus’, meaning “twisted nose”, in reference to the effect on the nasal passages of eating the plants. Nasturtium foliage is used as food by the caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera.) Meaning: Artifice. “Beauty unadorned I seek.”
  3. Nemophila- (Nemophila is a genus found in the flowering plant family Hydrophyllaceae. Most of the species in Nemophila contain the phrase “baby blue-eyes” in their common names. Meaning: Prosperity. “Congratulations on your success.”

‘Baby Blue Eyes’ are delicate little plants with bright and vivid light blue flowers. Very easy to grow they are an ideal addition to rockeries, hanging baskets or other containers where their hardiness and dry-tolerance ensures a good display.
The Victorians loved this tiny flower because of its dainty two-tone colour and airy, light green foliage. Many photographs make the small flowers, which are only 2 to 3 cm wide (1in), appear much larger than they really are.
They are used extensively to amazing effect at the Hitachi seaside park in Japan, the plants are also perfect for shaded areas: “nemophila” means “shade-lover”

Sowing: Sow direct in late Spring to early Summer, or plant into pots in Autumn

Sowing in Spring:
Seeds are best sown in short drills 12mm (½in) deep once temperatures reach around 20°C (68°F). They prefer a sunny open site but will grow in most sites and soils. Sow outdoors where they are to flower.
Prepare the ground well and rake to a fine tilth before sowing. Mark the sowing areas with a ring of light coloured sand and label if sowing more than one annual in the same bed. Sow 1.5mm (1/18th in) deep in rows 15cm (6in) apart.
Seeds germinate in 7 to 21 days. The seedlings will appear in rows approx 6 to 8 weeks after planting and can be told from nearby weed seedlings quite easily. Thin the seedlings out so they are finally 23cm (9in) apart by early summer. Compost should be kept slightly moist, but not wet at all times.

Sowing in Autumn:
An autumn sowing outdoors will provide earlier flowers and in a coldframe will produce spring flowering pot plants in the cold greenhouse
Sow in pots or trays of moist seed compost and cover with a very fine sprinkling of compost or vermiculite. After sowing, do not exclude light as this helps germination. Keep the surface of the compost moist but not waterlogged; germination will usually take 14 to 21 days at temperatures around 20°C (68°F).

Prefers well drained soil enriched with manure or compost ahead of planting and can be grown on light sandy soils.
Feeding is rarely needed but water well, apply complete plant food as growth begins in the spring.
Deadhead to prolong flowering. Leave a few plants to die down and self seed. Others can be pulled up and composted

Plant Uses:
Cottage/Informal Garden, Flowers Borders and Beds, Rockeries, Pots, Baskets and containers, Underplanting.

Nemophila species are mainly native to the western United States, though some species are also found in western Canada and Mexico, and in the southeastern United States. It is a member of Hydrophyllaceae – The Waterleaf Family. This is a small family of about 250 species, distributed around the world but perhaps mainly coming from the Americas. Members of this Family usually have blue or purple flowers, hairy leaves without stipules and seed capsule containing many seeds.

Nemophila means “woodland-loving.” It comes from the Greek nemos, which means ‘glade’ and the Greek word phileo, which means ‘to love’ meaning that it has ‘an affinity for groves’.
The species is named after Archibald Menzies (1754-1842), Scottish botanist and surgeon. Born at Styx, an old branch house of the Menzies of Culdares near Perthshire in Scotland. Menzies studied both botany and medicine in Edinburgh, and was delighted to be appointed surgeon to an expedition around Cape Horn to the North Pacific with the ship Prince of Wales, a voyage which took nearly three years. He sent back plants and brought home a ship’s company in good health.

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