Asian jasmine ground cover

Asiatic Jasmine

Asiatic jasmine is an evergreen, vine-like woody plant that is commonly used in Florida landscapes due to its hardiness and drought tolerance. Native to Japan and Korea, Trachelospermum asiaticum is a low maintenance groundcover that is great for mass plantings and turfgrass alternatives. It’s an ideal plant for people who want an attractive garden without all the hard work. In shady areas, it also provides needed texture and variation.

Characteristics

Despite the name, this plant is not related to the common jasmine plant. This climbing groundcover has small, dark green, leathery leaves with brownish-red vines. The vines slowly extend across the ground and create a dense, tangled blanket. The leaves grow in opposite pairs and are between 1-2 inches in length.

The plant will grow to at least 3 feet wide and between 6 and 18 inches tall. Asiatic jasmine has small pinwheel-shaped yellow flowers, but rarely blooms in Florida.

Once established, Asiatic jasmine requires very little maintenance to keep it looking nice. Most people use this groundcover where turfgrass won’t grow, as Asiatic jasmine will tolerate many growing conditions and suppresses weed growth.

Asiatic jasmine requires little mowing, but edges should be trimmed occasionally. It should be used in low traffic areas, as it doesn’t withstand foot traffic well. This plant is easier to control when neglected. Too much water, sun, or fertilizer can make it aggressive and unruly.

Asiatic jasmine is salt tolerant and can be grown in coastal areas. This versatile plant can even be grown in containers and hanging baskets.

Planting and Care

An unusual variety of Asiatic jasmine called Ogon Nishiki, photograhed at Joy Creek Nursery in Oregon.

Asiatic jasmine requires little upkeep and will keep its beauty throughout the year. These plants are usually purchased as transplants and should be started on clear, weed-free soil.

Plants should be placed one and a half feet apart and will take two growing seasons to fill in completely. This plant will tolerate many soils, but prefers well-draining, moist soil when first planted. Once established it is drought tolerant and extremely hardy.

The plant needs little watering; with regular rainfall, extra irrigation is rarely needed. A slow-feeding fertilizer should only be applied three to four times a year for the first year, after that fertilizer should only be applied once a year in the spring when the plant is actively growing.

Asiatic jasmine should be mowed and pruned once a year in the spring to keep an attractive appearance and reduce the risk for diseases; it will also keep it controlled.

Asiatic jasmine can be grown in all areas of Florida, as it can handle cold temperatures as well as very hot ones. This plant will grow well in both dense shade and full sun, and has very few pest, disease and weed problems.

For more information on Asiatic jasmine, contact your county Extension office.

UF/IFAS Sites

  • Asiatic Jasmine, Trachelospermum asiaticum
  • The Jasmine Project

UF/IFAS Publications

  • Trachelospermum asiaticum

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Pruning Jasmine Vines: How To Control Asian Jasmine Plants

Look before you leap when it comes to planting Asian jasmine vines. You may be attracted by the plant’s small, dark-green leaves and pretty white flowers, or its reputation as an easy ground cover. However, once you lose control of jasmine, keeping it where you want it can be difficult. Read on for more information about how to control Asian jasmine.

Information about Asian Jasmine

Asian jasmine (Trachelospermum asiaticum) grows in the wild in Korea and Japan, and it is used as ground cover in this country. It covers your backyard or the wall of your garage rapidly, and survives cooler weather better than many other jasmines.

Asian jasmine is planted by homeowners as a quick, low-cost ground cover. The trick to Asiatic jasmine control is to act early to set boundaries for it. Decide where you want the plant, and chop it down whenever it moves out of this range.

How to Control Asian Jasmine

If you plant Asian jasmine in your yard, mow the shrub religiously. Calendar periodic mowing appointments and never, ever skip them. It is easy to lose control of jasmine plants.

Whenever a branch of this plant touches the soil, that piece sprouts roots. If you allow it to take over your yard, it can be virtually impossible to eradicate.

Pruning jasmine vines will work, over time, to reduce the strength of Asian jasmine. Prune the stems ruthlessly right to the ground, or mow them at ground level to get rid of all leaves and stems. This may discourage it since it needs foliage to manufacture its food.

The problem with Asian jasmine is that killing the stems and leaves – whether by pruning jasmine vines or by spraying them with herbicide – does not kill the roots. So control of Asian jasmine involves preventing the roots from traveling far afield.

Pulling out the plant with as many roots as possible is more effective than pruning jasmine vines. It may enable you to take control of jasmine that has overrun your yard. However, this requires a lot of time and effort on your part.

Asiatic Jasmine Control with Herbicides

If your jasmine vine is near or tangled up with other desirable shrubs, using herbicides may not be a productive idea. No herbicide eliminates the one without also killing the other. You’ll need to use a shielded spray and go slowly.

You can try painting the foliage of the Asian jasmine with herbicide. However, remember that killing the above-ground portion of this vine does not kill the roots.

Asiatic Jasmine Minima

Asiatic Jasmine Minima Potted

Trachelospermum asiaticum

Asiatic Jasmine Minima is a woody, vining plant that is preferred by many designers and commercial landscapers for its capability to form dense mats of foliage that suppresses weed growth. Asiatic Jasmine Minima is often used as a substitute for turf since it is much more drought-tolerant and can be controlled by once a year mowing. It prefers partial shade and rich soil with ample moisture. However, it will also survive in full sun or shade, and will adapt to most soils.

This sturdy groundcover has few pest or disease problems, and rarely requires pesticides. It is somewhat drought tolerant, and once established it does not require irrigation so long as there is normal rainfall. Asiatic Jasmine Minima is often selected for use in difficult to maintain places with harsh environments such as traffic islands and urban plantings.

Asiatic Jasmine Minima is often confused with Confederate Jasmine. Both are not a true Jasmine and look similar when small, however they have substantially different growing patterns and uses. Confederate Jasmine has a larger leaf, a noticeable, fragrant flower and is more of a climbing vine that can grow upwards to 2 feet tall. Asiatic Jasmine Minima is more of a ground cover that is less likely to climb and very rarely flowers. Due to these difference, Confederate Jasmine and Asiatic Jasmine Minima are generally not considered appropriate substitutions.

Asiatic Jasmine Minima in the Landscape

Ornamental Characteristics:

Native Origin:
Asia – Korea & Japan

Common Names:
Dwarf Jasmine, Small Leaf Confederate, Yellow Star Jasmine

Description:
Hardy Range: 8 – 10
Growth Rate: Fast
Growth Habit: Spreading

Ornamental Characteristics:
A low-growing ground cover, Asiatic Jasmine Minima have smooth reddish brown vines, which form dense tangled mats along the ground. The small leaves have a leathery texture, are deep green in color, and are arranged in opposite pairs along the stems.

Environment:
Soil: Alkaline; clay; sand; acidic; loam
Salt: Moderate
Exposure: Partial sun

Asiatic Jasmine Minima Flower

Asiatic Jasmine Minima Leaves

Jasmine Minima

Jasmine Minima – Click to Enlarge

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Uses Groundcover
Scientific Name Trachelospermum Asiaticum ‘Minima’
Cold Hardiness Very cold hardy
Light Needs Sun or Shade
Flower Color No Flower
Blooms N/A
Water Needs Minimal, drought tolerant
Leaves Dark Green or variegated
E/D Evergreen
Life – A/P length Perennial
Mature Height 12 inches
Growth Rate Fast

A true groundcover, Jasmine minima blankets Florida yards and gardens with a spreading carpet of bright green leaves.

Jasmine minima is also known as Asiatic jasmine. It is not a grass, but rather a woody plant that makes an excellent low maintenance substitute for traditional turf. Jasmine minima grows in a vine-like pattern, extending runners that spread and mature into a dense tufted groundcover within two years. The small leaves are dark green, glossy and deeply veined in lighter green. The fragrant yellow flowers are unusual in Florida.

Jasmine minima grows quickly in full sun, partial sun or partial shade. It’s not picky about soil type but will grow more quickly in enriched or fertilized soils. Somewhat drought tolerant once established, Jasmine minima prefers regular watering. Jasmine minima builds new growth over older stems. Regular mowing, shearing or trimming is recommended to preserve the best appearance and prevent unwanted spread. Jasmine minima has been known to climb trees or structures when left untended for long periods of time.

Jasmine minima won’t tolerate being trampled by children or pets and is best used in low-traffic areas beneath trees or in borders with brickwork or other barriers to contain its growth. It can be used on slopes to control erosion. In formal gardens, Jasmine minima can be cultivated as a low hedge to attractively frame flowerbeds or walkways.

Jasmine Minima at the Base – Click to Enlarge

Jasmine Minima Asiatic Landscape Coverage Tray 60 Starter Plants

Description

Latin Name: Trachelospermum asiaticum ‘Minima’
Our best seller!
This 60 cell pack tray of Jasmine Minima is great for planting large area.
This tray will cover cover approximately 66-80 Sq. Ft. at 12-16″ staggered spacing.
Growth Habit: evergreen vine
Foliage:dark-green; grows on long, thin branches
Mature Size: reaching 20 feet in length and 12-18 inches in depth as ground cover.
Spacing: 4-5 feet if planning to use as a ground cover or allow less space for quicker coverage.
Uses: most popular use as a weed blocker/thick mat ground cover under trees and landscape. Also as a vine on a trellis, tree, fence, porch or wall.
Sun Exposure: full sun to partial shade
Soil Conditions: prefers moist, well-drained soil
Hardiness Zone: 8-11
Moisture Need: regular water schedule to ensure the growth of a mature root system. Be sure to keep the soil moist or blooming will cease. After the mature root system is established, watering is needed occasionally, except during a drought, watering is needed regularly.
Prune annually to control size.

Asiatic jasmine is a classic favorite for South Florida, a superb groundcover that likes both sun and shade.

Tough and great-looking when well cared for, this jasmine rarely flowers but forms a blanket of foliage to set off large plants.

These plants do require routine maintenance – keeping the planting area edged and snipping off an occasional wayward shoot that tries to climb.
But other than that, this is an easy-care groundcover, and makes an excellent turf grass replacement for areas where grass doesn’t do well, such as under the shade of tree canopies.

This groundcover can take a while to completely cover an area so you may have to weed in between plants. After Asiatic jasmine is mature, it tends to win the war against weeds.

Though it’s most commonly used in formal landscaping, Asiatic jasmine adds a touch of class to a casual landscape and looks very elegant in a woodland setting.

This plant is usually seen with deep green glossy leaves, but variegated varieties are available.

Plant specs

These plants are cold hardy and do well everywhere in South Florida.

They’re moderate growers that start out somewhat slow and then speed up the growth rate as they become established.

This groundcover takes any kind of light, but seems to do best in part sun to dappled shade.

A newer cultivar called ‘Summer Sunset’ (pictured below) thrives in sun and can turn an all-green landscape into a showplace.

Another showy variety called ‘Snowcap’ (pictured below) is best in shade or morning sun only.

Plant care

Add a mixture of composted cow manure and top soil to the hole when planting.

Keep the area edged so the groundcover stays in bounds and grows back over itself to form a thick mat.

You can mow over it once a year in early spring (mid March) with the mower blade set high (4 inches). This keeps the height more uniform.

Or use a weedwhacker to trim for a level look, but avoid whacking the tree trunk or base of any plant it surrounds.

Water on a regular basis but allow time between waterings for the soil to go dry. Don’t plant in a shaded area that stays moist.

Fertilize 2 times a year – in spring and late summer – with a good controlled release fertilizer.

Plant spacing

Mass plantings of this jasmine groundcover will give the best effect. Place 4″ pots about a foot apart, 1 gallon pots about 18 inches apart.

You can grow this plant in a container.

A.K.A. (also known as): Jasmine Minima, Dwarf Jasmine
GOOD SNOWBIRD PLANT? YES
COMPANION PLANT SUGGESTIONS: These low growing groundcover plants do their best work surrounding a tree. They can also front a hedge like podocarpus or a foundation plant like Indian hawthorne. Or use them around a specimen plant such as windmill palm, king sago, strawberry guava, or weeping hibiscus tree.

Other groundcovers you might like: Creeping Fig (Ficus Repens), Oyster Plant

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Asian Jasmine

An interesting climbing groundcover with coppery emerging leaves that become dark glossy green with light green veins. Great for lightly shaded woodland areas.

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Species: asiaticum

Plant Height: 144 in.

Spread: 24 in.

Evergreen: Yes

Plant Form: spreading

Emergent Foliage Color: copper

Summer Foliage Color: dark green

Minimum Sunlight: partial shade

Maximum Sunlight: full sun

Ornamental Features

Asian Jasmine has attractive dark green foliage with light green veins which emerges coppery-bronze in spring. The glossy oval leaves are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. The dark red stems can be quite attractive.

Landscape Attributes

Asian Jasmine is a multi-stemmed evergreen woody vine with a twining and trailing habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.This woody vine will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best cleaned up in early spring before it resumes active growth for the season. It is a good choice for attracting birds, bees and butterflies to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.Asian Jasmine is recommended for the following landscape applications;Mass PlantingRock/Alpine GardensGeneral Garden UseGroundcoverContainer Planting

Planting & Growing

Asian Jasmine will grow to be about 12 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. As a climbing vine, it tends to be leggy near the base and should be underplanted with low-growing facer plants. It should be planted near a fence, trellis or other landscape structure where it can be trained to grow upwards on it, or allowed to trail off a retaining wall or slope. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 5 years.This woody vine does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn’t be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America. It can be propagated by cuttings.Asian Jasmine makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Because of its spreading habit of growth, it is ideally suited for use as a ‘spiller’ in the ‘spiller-thriller-filler’ container combination; plant it near the edges where it can spill gracefully over the pot. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag – this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

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