- Selecting Trees for Your Yard
- What to Consider When Selecting Trees
- Ornamental Trees
- Shade Trees
- Why Do Evergreens Stay Green All Year Round?
- Branch out with unusual varieties of trees for your yard
- 5 Best Flowering Trees for your Southern California Property
- 2. Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia)
- 3. Evergreen Pear (Pyrus kawakamii)
- 4. Mimosa Tree or Silk Tree (Albizia julibrissin)
- 5. Golden Rain Tree (Koelreuteira paniculata)
- Best Flowering Trees and Southern California Opinions
- A Southern California Landscaping Company to Plant Flowering Trees
- Designing a Landscape with Trees
- Landscaping architecture- About Trees
Selecting Trees for Your Yard
When it comes to trees, a decision in haste can lead to a lifetime of regret. Many trees grow more beautiful generation after generation. Others have the potential to create decades of trouble, dropping messy fruit or bothersome sticks. So take your time when selecting a tree to plant and choose one that offers the best combination of qualities you will enjoy.
Begin your selection process by asking: Why do I want a tree? For shade? Privacy? Something to look pretty? Or to block the view of the neighbor’s less-than-lovely backyard?
A tree’s growth rate also may have a bearing on your choice. The slower growers are hardwoods and tend to live longer. If it’s important to establish shade or have flowers relatively quickly, choose a fast-growing tree. Typically, they’re smaller, have soft wood, and don’t live as long. Scale trees to their surroundings. Use small- or medium-size varieties for smaller houses and yards. On any site, put smaller trees near the house and taller ones farther out in the yard or near its edge.
Trees and shrubs are either deciduous or evergreen. Deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall and are bare all winter, though the leaves often give a final show of beautiful colors before they drop. Evergreen trees and shrubs retain their foliage year-round. Some, such as southern magnolia, feature broad leaves. Others, such as pines, have needlelike foliage.
What to Consider When Selecting Trees
Every kind of cultivated tree has assets that suit it for some landscape use. Each also has certain requirements critical to its survival in the yard. Some are more cold-hardy than others, so check their zone rating for hardiness. Many do best in rich, moist, woodsy soil that’s on the acid side. Others prefer more alkaline soil that tends to be dry because it’s not as rich in moisture-holding organic matter. Some trees, like swamp red maples and bald cypress, can handle truly wet soil.
Trees also have their liabilities. Some have thorns that make them unsuitable for homes with children. Others are weedy. Some are messy—sycamores and relatives of the London plane tree drip fuzzy balls, bark, and twigs all over the place. The spiked balls from sweet gum trees and the runaway roots of willows present challenges as well. However, if you choose the right place for some of these less-desirable varieties, you often can overlook their faults and enjoy their virtues instead.
A small tree is not always a young tree. If it’s small from lack of vigor, the condition of its bark will give it away. A weak one will have thicker bark that’s textured with ridges, furrows, or flakes, rather than the smooth, tender bark of youth.
Certain trees are more tolerant of typical urban conditions, such as atmospheric pollutants from industry and cars, compacted soil, poor drainage, night lighting, and salt spray from snow plows. Typically, city trees have much shorter lifespans than their suburban or country counterparts. Those that do best are Norway maple, oak, Washington hawthorn, ginkgo, honey locust, sweet gum, crabapple, linden, and zelkova.
For small spaces that need a little height, look to ornamental trees with blooms, berries, or colorful foliage. These species are beneficial for pollinators and birds, and you may get the added bonus of edible fruit!
Image zoom Bob Stefko
Japanese maples (Acer palmatum) grow 3 to 20 feet tall and offer fine-texture foliage, rich color, interesting shapes, and a tolerance for some shade. Use them to adorn beds, pools, and lawns. Zones 5-8.
Image zoom Susan A. Roth
Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) is fast-growing and has small, white flowers in the spring and colorful foliage in the fall. Its pyramidal canopy reaches 30 to 45 feet at maturity. Early versions such as the ‘Bradford’ pear, tend to split in storms, so choose ‘Aristocrat’ or ‘Chanticleer’. Zones 5-8.
Image zoom Denny Schrock
Crabapple (Malus) grows 15 to 25 feet tall and is covered in spring with deep pink flower buds that become white blossoms. In turn, the flowers give way to small red or yellow apples that birds love. The tree spreads to an irregular shape. Zones 3-8.
Image zoom Chinese dogwood.
Chinese dogwood (Cornus kousa chinensis) has white spring flowers with pointed petals. Dangling, fleshy red fruits hang from its distinctly horizontal branches in fall. Zones 3-8.
Image zoom Denny Schrock
Redbud (Cercis canadensis) bears tiny pinkish-purple flowers along its stems and bare branches in early spring. They give way to rows of wide heart-shape leaves. Pods become visible as leaves turn yellow in fall. Mature trees grow 25 to 30 feet tall. Zones 5-9.
Image zoom Denny Schrock
Saucer magnolia (Magnolia soulangeana) is deciduous and grows up to 30 feet tall. It bears 6-inch-long, pale pink flowers early in spring. Zone 5-9.
Image zoom Denny Schrock
Serviceberry (Amelanchier) is a tough and adaptable large shrub or small tree at 6 to 20 feet tall. Its early-spring clouds of white flowers become edible dark fruits by June. Yellowish-pink fall foliage entertains in a woodland setting or near a patio. Zones 2-9.
Image zoom Weeping cherry.
Weeping cherry (Prunus) varieties typically grow 15 to 25 feet tall and can spread up to 25 feet wide. They bear a blizzard of single or double flowers in pink or white. Zones 5-8.
Image zoom Laura Hull/Studio 9
Citrus trees bear lovely, fragrant, white flowers and edible fruits. These small trees easily deteriorate if not sprayed properly. Zones 8-11.
Get the shady canopy in your backyard that you’ve always dreamed of. Although they take years to fill in and require maintenance like staking and pruning, shade trees are worth it.
Image zoom Honey locust.
Honey locust is tough and adaptable, grows 30 to 50 feet tall, and drops pods. Its foliage turns yellow in the fall. Choose the thornless variety (Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis). Zones 3-9.
Image zoom Denny Schrock
Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipfera) grows quickly to its 25-foot height. Beautiful tulip flowers with orange centers snuggle among interesting leaves. Zone 5-9.
Image zoom Willow oak.
Willow oak (Quercus phellos) has narrow, pointed foliage and forms a fine-texture, dense conical canopy, rising to about 50 feet at maturity. It makes a good street and shade tree and is easy to transplant. Foliage turns yellow before it drops in the fall. Zones 6-9.
Image zoom Sorrel.
Sorrel, or sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum), grows to 75 feet tall and is a multi-season beauty. Its July flowers are drooping strands of tiny white urns among slightly leathery and glossy, medium green leaves that turn to a brilliant red early in the fall. Zones 5-9.
If you’re looking for privacy from nearby neighbors, conifers are your best bet. Some are more compact and act as a privacy screen, while taller varieties offer a bit of shade and can be used as windbreaks in rural areas.
Image zoom Bob Stefko
Arborvitae (Thuja) grows to a narrow, conical 40 to 50 feet tall. It begins with a slender shape, then turns spirelike upon maturity. Many varieties exist that grow in various heights and widths. Zones 2-7.
Image zoom Doug Hetherington
Pine (Pinus) foliage is evergreen for year-round beauty and is composed of bundles of soft, long needles. Though some pines are a bit brittle in harsh weather, they’re often used for wind and privacy screening. Hardy in various zones, depending on the variety of tree.
Image zoom Denny Schrock
Spruce (Picea) trees are fragrant needled evergreens—perhaps the ultimate Christmas tree. They range in height from dwarfs less than 5 feet tall to giants that tower more than 100 feet high. Depending on the variety, their hardiness range extends as cold as Zone 3.
Why Do Evergreens Stay Green All Year Round?
Evergreens are a beacon of hope in the middle of winter, something green amid the gray skies and white landscapes. But why? How are they able to stay green while deciduous trees (oaks, maples, birch, etc.) lose their leaves in the fall?
Both evergreens and deciduous trees get their green color from chlorophyll, which is required for photosynthesis, the process which plants use to make their food. It requires both sunlight and water. In the fall, when days get short, and less sunlight is available, deciduous trees lose their chlorophyll, the green fades, and the color show begins. But as the leaves dry out, the fading continues, and the leaves eventually drop.
Most evergreens come from northern climates, and their needles are an adaptation. Botanists long ago discovered that needles are actually regular leaves that are rolled up very tightly to conserve water. They also have a very waxy coating that also helps save water during summer and winter. Because this adaptation allows evergreens to preserve their chlorophyll, they continue photosynthesis later into the season, but once the ground freezes, the lack of water stops photosynthesis anyway. The waxy coating protects them from the cold and wind, which helps them maintain the water and chlorophyll in the needles, so even though the trees are dormant, they maintain their rich, green color.
At Premium Christmas Wreaths, we offer a wide range of evergreen trees, including Balsam Fir, White Pine, and the classic Douglas Fir. To help our customers get exactly the right tree for their home, we offer Christmas tree delivery to the entire continental United States. If you’re already planning next year’s festivities, be sure to bookmark our site and drop by when our store reopens!
Branch out with unusual varieties of trees for your yard
If you’re thinking about adding a tree to your landscape, you’ll be wise to think out of the box.
Instead of playing it safe by adding a stately maple or a towering oak, make your landscape distinctive by adding a tree that has clusters of flowers, limbs that weep, striking bark, colorful berries or unusual foliage.
Experts say there are plenty of beautiful and interesting trees available, but that many of them are underused. There are also lots of great new options — many of them derived from our old favorites — that are smaller in stature, shaped differently or have new characteristics.
Amy Kolden, sales development coach for Monrovia, said that having a unique tree in your yard “will make a statement” because trees are the backbone of any landscape. Another plus is that planting different trees will help reduce diseases.
“People make the mistake of monoculture with trees,” Kolden said. “Years ago we planted elms, then Dutch elm disease left our streets bare. Then we planted ash, and now we’re losing our ash trees.”
“The more diverse our tree population is, the less problems we have down the road, as insect and disease populations don’t tend to build up when smaller populations of plants are added,” said Dave Wanninger, a horticulturist at Boerner Botanical Gardens.
But you can’t just plop a tree in your yard because you like its looks. It’s also important to be sure it’s compatible with its surroundings.
Kolden said gardeners should first check to make sure the trees you’re considering are hardy in your area. Next, look at how much room you have, vertically and horizontally.
“A lot of trees are too big for today’s urban gardens,” she said. “But now you don’t have to have a tree that will get too big for your yard,” because there are so many dwarf versions of your favorites.
For smaller spaces, Kolden said, gardeners should also check out some of the narrow varieties of trees that are gaining popularity.
“Some of our old favorites have different statures now,” she said. “Some of the maples can be huge and overpowering in your landscape, but now they have columnar versions.”
In addition to size, Kolden suggests looking for trees that are attractive throughout the year. Her top choice is the Pagoda dogwood, which she calls “the best four-season tree” out there.
“They have flowers in spring, a neat horizontal branch pattern that’s pretty in the summer, berries that are red in the fall, and their fall color is a red/purple color — and they only get to about 25 feet.”
A smaller tree Wanninger said impresses him is Summer Glow Cherry, an ornamental cherry tree.
“It has little tiny cherries that feed birds, and it’s a purple-leaved cherry tree that has very clean foliage and doesn’t sucker,” he said. “It’s a superior ornamental tree and grows about 20 feet.”
A larger tree he likes is the Katsura. “There’s a delicate texture to the tree. It has small, heart-shaped leaves, fall foliage is apricot/yellow, and it gives off a slight smell of brown sugar in fall.”
He said the Katsura usually gets 30 to 40 feet tall, but at the Boerner gardens, there is one that is about 60 feet.
“It’s probably the largest one in the state. It’s a gorgeous tree,” he said.
Growing from gangly to majestic
Vanessa Mueller, horticulturist at Johnson’s Nursery, Menomonee Falls, said she also likes the Katsura because of its striking features and scent.
“We sell a lot of them. The only limitation is that they get large,” she said. “It’s a moderate grower, not super fast…and this tree did survive the Ice Age. You can see artificial Katsuras at the Milwaukee Public Museum in their displays.”
Another large tree Mueller likes is the Kentucky coffeetree. When young, Mueller said, “it’s the ugly duckling of the nursery. It starts out gangly and hard to look at, but grows into the most majestic tree in your yard. You just have to give it a chance.”
She described it as a moderate grower that gets 50 to 70 feet tall, has large leaves made up of smaller leaflets, “exquisite bark,” seed pods on female plants, and offers a finely textured look in a landscape.
“Municipalities love it because it’s tough, durable and resilient,” she said.
A smaller tree Mueller likes is the JN Strain of musclewood, a plant propagated from seed at the nursery by Michael Yanny, senior propagator.
“Musclewood is a native to Wisconsin, but isn’t typically a fast grower, and it has a pathetic, sad yellow fall color. It’s not super exceptional,” she said.
She said that Yanny found seedlings from a native musclewood that had “amazing red/orange fall color,” and over a 28 year period he propagated the JN strain, which grows about 25-feet high and wide in shade or sun, has increased vigor and improved fall color.
“It also has an exceptionally beautiful smooth gray bark,” Mueller said. “It looks ropey, sinewy, like a well-defined muscle.”
Favorites growing on Kolden’s 31-acre Genoa property include a beech and a fir.
“A tree I really love is the tri-colored beech,” she said. “That foliage is green, purple and pink. Some beech trees grow 60 to 70 feet, but the tri-color is probably not more than 25 feet.
“The fir is Dwarf Blue Subalpine, and it’s a really light blue color, like an electric blue. It’s a dwarf and will eventually get 8 to 10 feet tall, and is very soft to the touch.”
Matt Stano, owner of Stano Landscaping Inc., in Milwaukee, said when it comes to unique trees, he’s partial to the Dawn redwood.
“It’s got a ruddy bark. Some are used on the city streets,” he said. “They’re a needled evergreen that drops its needles at the end of the season.” This fast-growing deciduous tree gets 70 to 100 feet high and 25 feet wide and seldom requires pruning.
Another favorite is the paperbark maple, which has “unrivaled aesthetic qualities.” It grows 20 to 30 feet high and half to equal size in spread, has bronze leaves, russet-red or red fall color and exquisite bark characteristics.
New varieties of fruit trees, which are part of the Urban Apple Series, should also be considered, said Angela Pipito, horticulturalist for Stein Gardens & Gifts.
“Two new varieties are Golden Treat and Blushing Delight.” she said. “They’re a new twist to edible gardening….You can plant them right next to your patio.
“They produce fruit right along the main trunk, have very short branches, and at maturity only reach 8 to 10 feet tall and about 2 feet wide, are disease resistant and have apple blossoms in spring.”
Port Washington gardener Tom Hudson, takes unusual trees a step further by growing trees not hardy in our area in pots that he stores in his unheated garage in winter. He also plants dwarf or mini-dwarf fruit tress that are hardy here in the ground.
Trees in pots include dwarf or semi-dwarf nectarines, apricots, peaches, figs, lemons and oranges. In-ground plants are dwarf and super-dwarf apple trees, dwarf and espalier pear trees, and hardy kiwi.
“With pots, you can put them wherever you have a sunny spot,” Hudson said. “Our sunny spot is on a large driveway slab.”
Hudson’s gardens will be open to the public July 12 when he participates in the Port Washington Garden Walk.
For information, see the garden walk website after July 1.
Branch out with new trees
Here are more distinctive trees that can be planted in our area, as recommended by Dave Wanninger and Amy Kolden. Trees suggested by Wanninger can be seen at Boerner Botanical Gardens. Those from Kolden are grown on her property and are available through the Monrovia website.
Japanese maples: The Bloodgood Japanese maple is a red leaf upright tree that’s taller than the cut-leaf type. The Emperor also has red leaves, and both grow to about 15 feet. Both can grow in shade, are attractive and are hardier than plants used in the past. (Wanninger)
Northern Glow Asian maple: A hybrid of Japanese and Korean maples, this plant is reliably hardy. It looks like a Japanese maple but has more green leaves in summer, a beautiful orangey/red fall color, and in spring new leaves are a golden orange color. They get to about 15-feet tall and are usually multi-stemmed. (Wanninger)
Japanese tree lilac: Flowers a few weeks after lilac bushes and has creamy white flowers and beautiful, shiny bark. They’re being used in municipalities on boulevards because they’re tolerant of salt. They grow 20 to 25 feet tall. (Wanninger)
Yellow buckeye: Have large, impressive leaves and beautiful 6- to 8-inch yellow flower clusters. New varieties have cleaner foliage, are less prone to disease and grow 30 to 40 feet tall. (Wanninger)
London Plane tree, Exclamation! variety: An upright tree with a teardrop-shaped crown that can grow to 60 feet or more. Has large maple-like leaves and bark that peels off to show cream, olive green and tan colors. (Wanninger)
Seven Son tree: Blooms in fall. Has blue berries and white flowers that are almost rubbery-looking. Grows 20 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide and has a decorative peeling bark. (Kolden)
Parrotia: A member of the witch hazel family, this tree has leaves that turn a rich purple to brilliant red in autumn, mottled bark and a witch hazel-like flower. It grows to about 25 feet. (Kolden)
Dwarf ginko, Jade Butterflies variety: Has small leaves that look like clusters of butterflies. They get 12 to 15 feet tall and wide. (Kolden)
Fringe tree, Virginiana variety: Multi-stemmed, blooms in late May after the leaves come out. It has a fragrant delicate fringy flower that drapes over the foliage. It blooms when all the crab apples and cherries have stopped. Grows 20 feet tall and about 25 feet wide. (Kolden)
Weeping redbud, Lavender Twist variety: Grows 5 to 6 feet tall, spreads as wide or wider, and weeps down. Blooms in late May before the leaves come out; blooms are all along the branches. Has dark fuchsia/pink flowers. (Kolden)
About Joanne Kempinger Demski
Joanne Kempinger Demski is a freelance writer who covers home, garden and food, and writes the weekly You Asked For It feature.
One of the keys to a stunning landscape design is creating focal points with strategically placed flowering trees. There are dozens of gorgeous choices, so narrowing down the best flowering trees Southern California has to offer can be difficult.
Pacific Outdoor Living has used dozens of species of flowering trees over the years. After thousands of landscape design projects, we’ve narrowed down our 5 best flowering trees for Southern California properties.
5 Best Flowering Trees for your Southern California Property
Native to Central and South America and the Caribbean, the Jacaranda tree is an excellent choice for your Southern California property. Its latin name is also used as its common name. The definition of Jacaranda is “fragrant”, which can give you a tip of why it’s one of our favorite flowering trees for Southern California.
Glorious displays of purple-blue, fragrant panicles cover the canopy of the Jacaranda tree in late spring. After leaves emerge, a second bloom can sometimes be seen, but in fewer numbers.
Jacaranda trees can reach 30-45 ft in height and width. A knowledgeable landscape designer can help to determine the perfect spot to plant this flowering tree on your Southern California property.
These trees will create a beautiful purple-blue carpet underneath after blossoms fall. Make sure to keep these trees far enough from swimming pools or other objects that could be difficult to clean. Jacarandas love sunny spots with well-drained, fertile soil.
Stunning color and an amazing fragrance make the Jacaranda one of the best flowering trees Southern California has to offer.
2. Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia)
Another one of the best flowering trees for Southern California landscapes is the Crape Myrtle. This flowering tree is an extremely versatile choice. Varieties range in size from shrub-like cultivars of only a few feet to vase-shaped trees of 15-25 ft. in height.
Abundant blooms persist for several weeks during the summer months. Cultivars can offer flowers in varying whites, purples, pinks, and reds. However, the Crape Myrtle’s beauty isn’t limited to its blooms. These Southern California flowering trees also provide great fall interest with brightly changing foliage and a unique, year-round display of their colored, mottled trunk bark.
Crape Myrtles are undoubtedly one of the best flowering trees Southern California has to offer. Ask your landscape designer which variety is best for you.
3. Evergreen Pear (Pyrus kawakamii)
This semi-evergreen flowering tree reaches a height of 20-30 ft. It’s spectacular white blooms are one of the first seen flowering trees in the Southern California new year from January through March.
This tree has been widely used in Southern California due to its suitability as a street tree and is a favorite for parks and lawns. It’s light green, almost leathery leaves are rounded with a pointed tip and become an amazing property feature when changing to a deep crimson in fall.
The Evergreen Pear Tree is one of the best flowering trees for Southern California due to its early bloom time, versatile uses, and amazing autumn foliage color.
4. Mimosa Tree or Silk Tree (Albizia julibrissin)
Native to southwestern Asia, this tree has many common names around the world. In Southern California, this flowering tree is most often referred to as a Mimosa or Silk Tree. This Southern California flowering tree grows to 15-50 ft. tall, offering dappled shade for areas below.
Flowers vary in color based on the cultivar, but typically combine white, pink, and red in their delicate, silk-like petals. Blooms begin to emerge in late spring and persist into mid-summer.
The Mimosa or Silk Tree gets our pick as one of the best flowering trees for Southern California landscaping due to it’s unique leaf texture and delicate flowers. We feel it’s a great choice for many Los Angeles properties.
5. Golden Rain Tree (Koelreuteira paniculata)
Easily grown in a variety of, well-drained soils, this Southern California flowering tree is a great choice for full sun areas. Although native to Asia, the Golden Rain Tree tolerates drought conditions and many air pollutants common to Southern California cities.
This specimen is a flowering shade tree, reaching a height and a width of 30-40 ft. It’s yellow blooms emerge in mid-summer atop its unique, bipinnately compound leaves. Later in the summer, the blooms develop interesting seed capsules which somewhat resemble small Chinese lanterns.
The Golden Rain Tree is one of the best flowering trees Southern California has to offer due to its rare combination of shade provision, unique chartreuse bloom color, and interesting leaves and seed pods.
Best Flowering Trees and Southern California Opinions
The “best” of anything can be a subjective term, relative to the specific site conditions, function, and preferences of a Southern California property owner. Even landscape designers vary in their opinions of the best flowering trees Southern California can offer.
In order to figure out which of these trees is the ideal flowering tree for your Southern California home or business, find a landscaping company with an in-house designer that can explain all the features of each tree and potential challenges.
No one flowering tree is perfect. Blooms fall, branches grow, and most plants have some sort of challenges to manage. A caring landscape designer can help you find the tree whose pros outweigh their cons.
A Southern California Landscaping Company to Plant Flowering Trees
If you’re searching for a landscaping company in Southern California to help you choose and install flowering trees on your property, we would love if you would consider Pacific Outdoor Living. Our knowledgeable team will help walk you through the design process. Whether you’re adding just a couple trees, or designing an entire property, we’re here to help.
Our in-house team of experienced landscapers will make sure your flowering tree is planted in a manner that gives it the best chance to beautify your Southern California property. To find out more, please contact us today!
Designing a Landscape with Trees
Plants are some of the easiest (and most sustainable) ways to make a landscape more vibrant and welcoming. Planting the right tree for the right place helps ensure that your tree will live a healthy life for years to come. The most successful designs are those that are planned and take climate and environmental factors into consideration.
The Right Tree for the Right Place
This guide will help you get started on creating a healthy and functional yard using trees and shrubs.
Plan Before you Plant
What do you want? Before you can narrow down your tree selection determine why you are planting a tree. Here are some of the most common reasons trees are planted in the home landscape.
- Shade: Do you want to add shade to your yard? Pick a tree with a broad canopy that will cast a big shadow.
- Beauty: If you want to enhance your curb appeal, consider planting something with vibrant color or unique texture. Ornamental and flowering trees are a great start.
- Food: There is great satisfaction in harvesting your own fruits, nuts, or citrus trees. And you don’t have to wait 10 years to reap the benefits. Many fruit trees are available in dwarf varieties and can bear fruit in as little as 3-5 years.
- Privacy: Trees work well as a privacy screen and soften harsh landscapes. They also last longer and are more affordable then installing a traditional fence. With so many fast-growing privacy tree options, it’s hard not to add more green to your yard.
- Habitat: Wildlife are a sure way to bring life to any landscape. Whether its birds, deer, squirrels, or rabbits, there is a tree for every critter.
Ask an Arborist: Why Should I Plant Evergreens?
Once you know why you are planting a tree, you can start browsing trees from that category that will help you accomplish what you want.
DIY: A Beginner’s Guide to Landscaping
Selecting your Trees
There are numerous factors to consider when picking the right tree for the right place. Not only do you need to select a tree that is compatible in your hardiness zone, but you must keep in mind other factors that will affect your tree’s health.
- Sun exposure: How much or how little sun your tree requires will help determine which side of your house to plant on, or which tree is suitable for your designated planting site. Ignoring sun exposure can result in a tree that wilts out from leaf scorch or a tree that dies from not being able to photosynthesize.
- Location: As the saying goes, “look up, look down, look all around.” How big will your tree get at maturity? How far will the roots spread? Select a space that is appropriate for the size of your tree when it reaches maturity. And remember, not to plant too close to houses, utility lines, driveways, and other structures that can be damaged.
Pro Tip: If you’re not sure how far to plant from structures, a safe rule is to divide the mature spread of the tree in half and plant it that distance away from your home. If your tree will reach 40 feet high, then plant it approximately 20 feet away from your house. Always err on the side of caution.
- Moisture: Another key factor to consider at your planting site is the amount of moisture your tree will get. Make sure to plant in a space that has adequate drainage and will receive enough moisture when watered.
Ask an Arborist: How do I Choose a Nursery Tree?
Designing your Landscape
Once you’ve selected the appropriate planting site and tree(s), it’s time to design your landscape. Trees and shrubs pair well together to add texture and dimension to your landscape. Diversity is key when it comes to planting. Opt for a variety of species and inter-plant them to reduce the chance of pests and disease. Native species tend to do better in terms of life longevity and health. Plant diversity is healthier for your trees, but it also creates stunning designs.
Brighten your Landscape with a Rain Garden
As you’re designing your landscape, think about the color and form the trees and shrubs will grow into. Don’t be afraid to mix evergreens with deciduous trees and shrubs.
Check out these landscape design plans developed by professional landscape architects. These do it yourself plans are easy to use and will enhance the look of your home, backyard, driveway, or garden.
- Mulch your trees after they are planted. Not only will it make your tree stand out, but mulch is important to retaining moisture in the soil and preventing the spread of disease.
- Incorporate (existing) mature trees and (new) young trees into your design.
- Plant species that are compatible with one another including shade-loving species that will thrive under the shade of a tree.
There are so many benefits to landscaping with trees. In addition to creating a striking landscape, your trees will increase your property value, lower home cooling and heating costs, remove pollutants from the air, cut stormwater runoff, and help lower stress. Planting a tree is a small act with a big impact.
Learn more about the benefits of trees.
Landscaping architecture- About Trees
Landscaping architecture- About Trees
- 1. Landscaping Architecture About Trees Presented By:- Jai Vardhan Singh (12/AR/011) Azam Firoz (12/AR/002)
- 2. An Expanse Or Scenery That Can Be Seen In A Single View. It Refers To Any Activity That Modifies The Visible Features Of An Area Of Land, Including Nature, Natural And Human Elements. The Art Of Arraging Or Modifying The Features Of A Landscape, An Urban Area Etc. For Asthetic Or Practical Reasons.
- 3. • Planting Trees:- Planting Of Trees Is Done For The Purpose- 1. To Provide Shade And Shadows At the Certain Area. 2. Since It Provides Shadow, It Reduces Artificial Cooling Costs. 3. Obviously, It Looks Beautiful And Purifies The Air Which Is Submerged With Various Toxic Gases And Pollutants. 4. If We Installed it On the Boundary Of The Site, It Is Very Useful When Dust Storm Coming To The Site And Trees Barricates That Storm To Allow Purified And Cool Air.
- 4. • According To Climatic Requirements:- 1. Tropical plants:- originate in tropical climates with a year-round summer- like growing season without freezing temperatures. Ex- banana, mango, papaya. 2. Sub-tropical:- plants cannot tolerate severe winter temperatures but need some winter chilling. Ex- citrus, dates, figs. 1. Temperate-zone:- plants require a cold winter season as well as a summer growing season, and are adapted to survive temperatures considerably below freezing. Ex- apples, cherries, peaches.
- 5. Tropical Zone Sub-Tropical Zone Temperate Zone
- 6. Higher elevations have increasingly shorter growing seasons due to colder temperatures. High elevations have drier soils, stronger light, persistent winds, and greater temperature changes.
- 7. • Herbaceous plants have non-woody stems. • Woody plants have woody stems that generally live for several years, adding new growth each year. • Deciduous plants shed all leaves at approximately the same time annually. • Evergreen plants retain some leaves longer than one growing season so that leaves are present throughout the year. • Semi-evergreen refers to plants that may retain their leaves, depending on the winter temperature and moisture. • Broadleaf plants have a broad leaf blade (e.g. ash, maple, lilac and beans). • Narrowleaf plants have needle-like (e.g. pine, spruce) or awl-like (e.g. junipers) leaves. • Grass-like plants have narrow leaves, usually arising from the base of the plant. The leaves may be soft (ornamental grasses) or stiff (yucca).
- 8. ‘Growth habit’ refers to the genetic tendency of a plant to grow in a certain shape and to attain a certain mature height and spread. • Trees:- typically have a single trunk and mature height over 12 feet. • Shrubs:- typically have multiple-branches from the ground and a mature height less than 12 feet. • Vines:- have a climbing, clasping, or self-clinging growth habit.
- 9. Many landscape plants could be considered small trees or large shrubs. The terms “tree” or “shrub” would be applied based on the general appearance of the plant. Plants have vastly different growth habits. It is important to understand growth habits in order to make knowledgeable decisions regarding plant placement, plant selection, pruning and maintenance requirements. The species, cultivar, and/or variety name sometimes indicates some characteristic of growth habit.
- 10. • Scientific Name:- Pterospermum acerifolium. • Speciality:- Its An Insecticide, Prevents Insects And Pests To Enter Into The House. • Cost:- Rs. 20 Sampling.
- 11. • Scientific Name:- Hyophorbe lagenicaulis. • Speciality:- It is a myth that the trunk is a means by which the palm stores water. His tree is slow growing but can reach heights that range from 12 to 20 feet. Its slender, lanced-shaped leaflets are dark green, approximately 2 feet long, and grow opposite from one another to form a “V” shape on the rachis pr middle of the frond. • Cost:- Rs. 100
- 12. • Scientific Name:- Alistonia Venenata. • Speciality:- Alstonia trees are used in traditional medicine. The bark of the Alstonia is a source of a remedy against malaria, toothache, rheumatism and snake bites. The latex is used in treating coughs, throat sores and fever. • Cost:- Rs. 150
- 13. • Scientific Name:- Polyalthia longifolia. • Speciality:- commonly planted due to its effectiveness in alleviating noise pollution. The leaves are used for ornamental decoration during festivals. The tree is a main attraction in gardens throughout India. In past, the flexible, straight and light-weight trunks were used in the making of masts for sailing ships. That is why the tree is also known as the ‘Mast Tree’. Today, the tree is mostly used for manufacturing small articles such as pencils, boxes, matchsticks, etc. • Cost:- Rs. 30
- 14. • Scientific Name:- Mesua ferrea. • Speciality:- The flowers, leaves, seeds and roots are used as herbal medicines in India and in Nag Champa incense sticks. • Cost:- Rs.30.
- 15. • Scientific Name:- Azadirachta indica. • Speciality:- Neem leaves are dried in India and placed in cupboards to prevent insects eating the clothes and also while storing rice in tins. Neem leaves are dried and burnt in the tropical regions to keep away mosquitoes.As an ayurvedic herb, neem is also used in baths. • Cost:- Rs.20.
- 16. • Scientific Name:- Delonix regia. • Speciality:- Its an endangered species, but still it is widely cultivated all around the world. In addition to its ornamental value, it is also a useful shade tree in tropical conditions, because it usually grows to a modest height (mostly 5 meters, but it can reach an maximum height of 12 meters). • Cost:- Rs. 15.
- 17. • Scientific Name:- Syzygium cumini. • Speciality:- Its wood is used to make cheap furniture and village dwellings though it is relatively hard to work on. The fruit has a combination of sweet, mildly sour and astringent flavour and tends to colour the tongue purple. The seed is also used in various alternative healing systems like Ayurveda (to control diabetes, for digestive ailments). The pulp of the fruit, extracts from the bark and seeds is of great benefit when it comes to lowering of blood glucose level. • Cost:- Rs.25.
- 18. • Scientific Name:- Psidium guajava. • Speciality:- The fruit is having great nutritional value. Its oil is used in various cosmetic products. In other countries, its wood is used in barbeque since the wood is resistant to insect and fungal attack. • Cost:- Rs. 50.
- 19. • Scientific Name:- Mangifera indica. • Speciality:- In ayurveda, it is used in a Rasayana formula, clearing digestion and acidity due to pitta (heat), sometimes with other mild sours. Mango trees can be converted to lumber once their fruit bearing lifespan has finished. The wood is susceptible to damage from fungi and insects. The wood is used for musical instruments such as ukeleles, plywood and low-cost furniture. • Cost:- Rs. 100.
Are you new to gardening or landscaping? Are you having trouble identifying what the differences are between an annual and a succulent? Well, fret not! We are here to help green your thumb by explaining the underlying basics of the various plant groups.
Given their name, annuals are plants that complete their entire life cycle throughout the course of one season. Traditionally used by landscapers to add a seasonal flare to flowerbeds, planters, containers or the sides of homes, these prolific bloomers tend to die shortly after flowering. Examples of annuals include marigold, begonia, petunia and nasturtium.
Less common than annuals or perennials are biennials. Biennials live for two years, producing foliage their first year and flowers their second. Flowering biennials include hollyhocks, foxglove and Canterbury bells, although most biennials are actually vegetables as opposed to flowering plants. Some popular examples of biennials include carrot, cauliflower, beet, Brussel sprout, onion, rutabaga, parsnip, leeks, collards, celery, cabbage and many other herbs and vegetables. Biennials will produce food their first year but don’t complete their growing cycle and drop seed until the second season.
Technically defined as a plant that lives for more than two years, perennials provide variety alongside vibrantly colored annuals. Perennials remain in the ground year around. While they do die down each fall, their foliage and flowers return each growing season. Among the most popular perennials we see in Oregon are echinacea, salvia, rudbeckia, hostas, hellebore, anenome and dahlias.
Hyacinths Calla Lillies Tulips
If you are new to gardening, bulbs may be a great way to start. That’s because bulbs are some of the easiest plants to grow! Bulbs are great for providing bright, vibrant color – and they hardly require any effort. As bulbs self-propagate, they will spread quickly throughout whatever bed they are placed in. Tulips and daffodils are arguably the two most popular bulbs, though there are hundreds of colorful bulbs to choose from for your garden.
Nordmann Fir Tree Japanese Yew Rhododendron
Evergreens are defined as plants that retain their leaves year-round. They are great for adding color to a winter garden! Mostly thought of as trees, such as pine, spruce, cedar and fir, evergreens actually come in a range of different plant types. Magnolia, hollies and eucalyptus are considered evergreens. Blooming shrubs like laurels, azaleas, camellias, rhododendrons and gardenias are also considered evergreens since they retain their leaves year-round dependent on their planting zone. Evergreen plants are commonly used in landscape designs and make for great foundational plants.
Japanese Maple Tree Magnolia Birch Tree
Deciduous plants act opposite to evergreen plants, whereas evergreen plants retain their leaves year-round, deciduous trees and shrubs will shed them each and every year. Deciduous trees are the ones to thank for the leaves on the ground every fall, as they shed to prepare for a dormant winter season. They will then grow a new canopy of leaves in spring.
Hops Morning Glory Clematis
Vines are the acrobats of the gardening world! Vines are climbing plants that allow you to take your garden to new heights – no pun intended. Great along walls, fences and/or archways, vines can certainly add an extra dynamic to your garden. Most vines are perennials, coming back year after year to cover their supporting structure(s) with blooms, fruit and leaves. Not all vines are perennials; some vines are actually annuals such as the case of nasturtium or morning glory.
Bishop’s Weed Common Bearberry Thyme
If your yard is steep and impossible to plant in or if you are having trouble finding something to cover those bare patches of your yard under a tree, look no further – groundcover plants are your answer! Groundcovers are often a solution to landscaping woes many gardeners face. These plants are incredibly low growers, meaning they will never reach any surmountable height. After being planted, they will creep along the ground quickly in order to form a dense mat that’s resistant to weeds. Groundcovers are great for your garden, and they usually produce beautiful flowers as well.
Blue Lotus Fairy Moss Lemna
Do you have a pond, fountain, water garden or lake in your landscape? If you do, it could be fun to experiment with aquatic plants. Not only will they make your body of water look incredible, they will also help to purify and oxygenate the water in which they grow, making them great for fish! Aquatic plants can range from being completely submerged to floating on the water’s surface.
Viburnum Syringa (Lilac) Azalea
Compact, dense and incredibly popular, shrubs are made of both evergreen and deciduous plants. Popular shrubs include barberry, azaleas, lilacs and viburnum. Their small stature makes shrubs the perfect choice for foundational planting around your home, garden or workplace. Shrubs also add a great deal of color, making them great for container gardening techniques. It’s important to trim shrubs after they have finished flowering for the season.
Grasses, Rushes & Sedges
Lake Sedge Juncus Bamboo
Grasses, rushes and sedges are loosely referred to as ornamental grasses, however they each belong to a different plant family entirely. Each family has varying sun and moisture requirements, making them entirely different to deal with as a gardener or landscape designer. The easiest way to differentiate between the three is by observing the shape of the stems. Grass stems will be round or hollow, rush stems are usually round or flat and sedge stems are triangular. Most grasses are going to prefer full-sun locations with well-drained soil. Sedges are best for dank, shady areas. Rushes prefer the dampest of all three plant types, typically found growing by a body of water’s edge.
Cacti & Succulents
Asparagus Echinocactus Grusonii Aloe Vera
Succulents can store water in their leaves, stems and roots to thrive in even the world’s most inhospitable climates. Great for desert landscapes and the increasingly popular xeriscaping technique, these water-saving plants are not only good looking, but great for the planet. Their habitat requirements are loose sandy soil, infrequent rain and year-round warm to hot temperatures.
Tiger’s Claw (Erythrina) Baobab Tree Palm Tree
The Tropics are home to some of the world’s most incredible plants due to their warm climate and heavy rains throughout the year. Given their distinct look, many landscape designers and gardeners alike have begun to incorporate them into the gardens they work on. Just look at all the Palm Trees we have been selling from our Glenwood Corner Store Nursery! Unfortunately for us gardeners that love tropical plants in Oregon, most tropical plants are no longer hardy past Zone 8.