American wisteria wisteria frutescens

The Texas gardener can use wisteria to provide a fragrant focal point in the Southlake, TX landscape and garden, and it’s fun to learn how to select wisteria for the Southlake, TX area, how to plant wisteria, how to buy wisteria, and care for wisteria in the North Texas climate. The many Texas Certified Nursery Professionals of Dallas/Ft. Worth, Calloway’s Nursery and Garden Center in Southlake, Texas, will gladly assist homeowner buying the right type of wisteria for the Southlake, North Texas climate, such as the Texas Purple, or the Lavender Falls, to work with the arbor, trellis, or fence in your Southlake, Texas garden design along with other great gardening ideas an tips, such as proper pruning and fertilizing techniques. Another landscape idea is to use wisteria as a screen by itself, in your Southlake, Texas garden, at the perimeter of your landscape plan and your Southlake, Texas landscape will stand out for years to come when you buy your plants from Calloway’s Nursery and Garden Center with 17 convenient locations in the Dallas and Fort Worth area.

Southlake landscapes featuring majestic Wisteria vines offer an element of mystic

by Kimberly Bird

The climbing, twisted, intertwined coarse vines of Wisteria burst with majestic clusters of lavishly fragrant purplish flowers in the Spring making the plant a sought-after focal point in public gardens. Wisteria adds form to the garden with a meandering yet trainable growth habit that showcases one of the rarest colors found in the garden – blue to purple hues.

The distinctive appearance and rare fragrance of Wisteria makes it unique. Wisteria vines rarely go unnoticed. They draw visitors in and evoke an emotion of relaxation with their flowing growth habit. The presence of a Wisteria vine offers an interesting mystic to a garden. In fact, the popular television show Desperate House Wives takes place on Wisteria Lane.

Because Wisteria is a plant that draws attention, it’s often used to accent special places. Wisteria can be used to create shade, screening or as a tree when trained properly. The beautifully and carefully designed facades of Southlake homes make Wisteria a perfect landscape vine for the area. Wisteria grows quickly, is heat tolerant and once established is a robust plant for North Texas. While all Wisteria offers appeal, two varieties that perform well in Southlake gardens include:

‘Texas Purple’ Japanese Wisteria from Monrovia growers. The deciduous vine blooms early and works wonderfully on an arbor, trellis or fence to showcase the pendulous flower clusters.

‘Lavender Falls’ Wisteria puts on the spring show of 20-inch long clusters of lavender-blue flowers. The show continues — repeating blooms every month of the season.

Both these varieties of Wisteria require support and will romantically cover a freestanding pergola, arbor or trellis. These Wisteria plants should be regularly watered during the first growing season to establish deep root systems. The plants bloom and grow best when fertilized and should be pruned annually in the Winter to control size.

Add romantic mystic to your Southlake landscape, visit Calloway’s Nursery http://www.calloways.com> to see ‘Texas Purple’ Japanese and ‘Lavender Falls’ Wisteria. Calloway’s Nursery offers 17 locations in the Dallas/Fort Worth area with many Texas Certified Nursery Professionals http://www.calloways.com/our-credentials> ready to serve you. Receive free event notices when you join the My Texas Garden Club http://www.calloways.com/garden-notes-subscribe>.

Calloway’s Nursery-Southlake Texas Nursery

291 East Southlake Blvd. near White Chapel Blvd.

817-416-0734


SEEDS FOR THOUGHT: Chinese wisteria is beautiful, useful vine

Before pruning trees, shrubs and vines, you need to know where the flower buds form.

Plants that are grown for their showy flowers need dormant-season pruning or early- growing season pruning depending on whether their flower buds were formed on last year’s growth or current season’s growth. Those that form their flower buds last year bloom late winter or early spring and should be pruned when their flowers begin to fade. For plants that bloom on current season’s growth, they should be pruned during the dormant season.

Pruning early bloomers (those that have flower buds on last year’s growth) while dormant, reduces their flower buds and flowering. Examples of early bloomers include Indian hawthorn, Texas mountain laurel, redbud, flowering pears, wisteria, pyracantha, Vanhoutte Spirea and mockorange. If you wait until the blooms begin to fade to prune, you’ll get to enjoy the flowers and still prune the plant.

For plants that flower on current season’s growth, prune in late winter or early spring for the best results without reducing the coming flower show. These plants t include vitex, crape myrtle, Texas sage, beautyberry, rose of Sharon, glossy Abelia, landscape roses, trumpet vine and coss vine.

If early spring blooming plants still need a certain amount of training for framework and shape, prune them while they are dormant, even though it will reduce the flower buds. This will be healthier for the plant. Once the plant has been trained and shaped, it can then be pruned after peak bloom for maximum flower show.

If an early spring bloomer is overgrown or neglected and needs substantial pruning, do so during the dormant season. Dormant season pruning is better for plant health. Once the plant has been retrained, then it can be pruned at the proper time for maximum flowering.

One of the most beautiful and useful ornamental vines, is Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis). This vine is very useful because it has a woody frame that can be trained to a specific shape. It can be trained to a trunk to grow up an arbor, fence or over a doorway. Once it’s trained to a desired shape, annual pruning will keep it in bounds. Left on its own, it can become a monster.

Chinese wisteria forms its flower buds on the previous season’s wood. This vine has gorgeous purple blooms that hang down like a cluster of grapes. Shortly after blooming, it begins leafing out. Once Chinese wisteria has a good framework, annual pruning should take place as soon as the flowers begin to fade. Or consider spur pruning, which is done by cutting off last year’s canes except the last two to four buds on that cane. This results in a stub that contains last year’s buds and this year’s flowers. Since wisteria can go from flower to full leaf so quickly, spur pruning may be better.

Wisteria soon will be blooming and you’ll want one. Before purchasing wisteria, consider its growing needs. It requires lots of room but growth can and should be controlled with training and annual pruning. Wisteria bloom best in full sun but it will tolerate some shade. Wisteria needs a strong, well-built structure to climb on, although it can be trained to be free-standing, like a small, cascading tree. Select wisteria that are already in bloom or grafted. Seedling-grown Wisteria can take up to 15 years to start blooming. Excessive nitrogen fertilizer, too much shade and improper pruning can also affect blooming.

Chinese, Japanese and Texas wisteria are all good species for landscaping. Chinese (W. sinensis) is the most popular species because it blooms before it leafs out. The 6 inch to 1foot long flower clusters tend to all open at once so it is a showy bloomer. Color is violet blue, and there is a white bloomer.

Japanese wisteria (W. floribunda) is very similar but it is not as vigorous, though it still grows to 25 feet. It leafs out with dark green, compound leaves and then blooms. The blooms are blue violet and grow to a dramatic 12 to 18 inches long. The individual flowers in the clusters open at the top and progress to the tip. There are many colors of this wisteria because there are many cultivars with varying flower color.

Texas wisteria (W. frutescens) is similar to Japanese except it is less aggressive. It leafs out and then blooms with lilac or bluish purple flower clusters.

Make plans to come visit the Permian Basin Master Gardeners Native and Adapted Plant Sale, which is 9 a.m. April 17 at the Midland County Horseshoe.

Wisteria frutescens

Description

Wisteria frutescens is a climbing perennial, deciduous woody vine. The leaves are pinnately-compound, with 9 to 15 individual lance-shaped leaflets. The flowers are purplish, fragrant, and borne in tight clusters. These give way to elongated, smooth seed pods in fall. This species can be difficult to differentiate from its Asian, introduced, invasive cousins, however there are a few tell tale signs. The easiest way to identify the native species is when it’s in bloom: it blooms later in the season (early to mid-summer), and unlike its exotic counterparts, after the plant has leafed out. The flower clusters tend to be tighter and shorter in the native species, and open gradually from the base of the cluster to the tip rather than all at once. Lastly, the seed pods are smooth whereas those of the introduced species are velvety.

Cultivation

American wisteria is easy to grow, and less aggressive than its introduced counterparts. It is however a heavy woody vine that can reach a mature height of 50′, and careful consideration should be taken when deciding on a support structure for it to grow on. For best flower performance it should be grown in full sun, or part-sun with a southern exposure. It is not particular about soil, but overly rich ones can encourage excessive vegetative growth to the detriment of bloom performance. Its native range includes wetland margins, yet it will adapt to all but the driest garden conditions. Flowers are borne on new growth only, so any pruning should be completed by late winter. This species can also be trained to grow without support, and pruned into a self standing tree-like form. Zones 5-9

Propagation

Propagate from seed or cuttings. This species does not transplant well.

Amethyst Falls Wisteria Vine

North America’s Non-Invasive Wisteria

Why Amethyst Falls Wisteria Vines?

A fast-growing vine that produces full purple flowers up to 12 inches long, the Amethyst Falls delivers a graceful show of shimmering beauty that is otherwise typically reserved for the sunny south. And since it’s a sterile plant, it won’t take over your yard like many other varieties.

Your Wisteria blossoms each spring with cascading flowers and will lightly repeat throughout summer. While the blooms steal the show, the green foliage is impressive in its own right. New leaves are so shiny they look like gems as the sun picks up their elegant gleam.

Even better? It’s carefree! The Amethyst Falls Wisteria is easy to grow and adapts well to a wide range of soils. Once established, it’s drought tolerant. There are no known issues regarding insects or pests, and it’s deer resistant as well. In other words, hours spent in your garden are a thing of the past. You won’t have to do a thing to keep your Amethyst Falls Wisteria looking gorgeous.

It flourishes quickly at the onset of spring, elegantly wrapping around fences and trellises. If you’re one of those growers who are eager to see results as soon as temperatures warm, you’ll love how swiftly this vine swings into action.

Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better

Whether you plant in a container, use as a vine for your arbors and pergolas, or train as a tree, your Amethyst Falls will grow above and beyond. That’s because we’ve planted, grown and nurtured your Amethyst Falls with care.

Now, you reap the rewards of our hard work at the nursery…with healthy, intact roots and better growth delivered right to your door.
The only work for you? Ordering and picking the perfect spot for your Amethyst Falls! Your Amethyst Falls Wisteria vine from Fast Growing Trees Nursery will arrive with a good, solid root system so it will quickly adapt to its new home…no guesswork in growing. But hurry – order your Amethyst Falls today before it’s gone!

Planting & Care

1. Planting: Select a location with well-drained soil and full sun (about 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily).

Dig a hole that is three times as wide as the root ball and just as deep (if planting more than one, space the plants 10-15 feet apart). Gently hold the plant while making sure it’s vertical in the hole and backfill the hole with your other hand, working the soil around the roots to avoid air pockets. You may have to stake your Wisteria – in that case, surround your plant with stakes that are about 6 to 10 inches deep in the soil.

2. Watering: During your first year of growth, an inch of rainfall per week is recommended. Typically, this means watering once or twice weekly in the morning or evening on hot, summer days to allow the plant to soak up the water before it evaporates. A slow trickling from the hose works best so the soil can absorb water. After establishment, rainfall will suffice for your Wisteria.

3. Fertilizing: Your Wisteria will require little fertilizing. If you have poor or sandy soil then consider using a small amount of fertilizer like formula 5-10-10 or 5-10-5. Feed your wisteria about 3/4 cup per square yard each year during the spring.

4. Pruning: Wisteria needs to be pruned twice a year, typically once in late winter and again in mid-summer. Winter pruning is to prepare the flowering spurs for the upcoming season. Summer pruning keeps the long, whip-like shoots under control.

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Wisteria frutescens ‘Amethyst Falls’American Wisteria

DESCRIPTION

American Wisteria
Wisteria frutescens ‘Amethyst Falls’

‘Amethyst Falls’ is far less aggressive then other Wisteria making it much easier to grow and produces a incredible show of bloom at a far earlier age than the others. Its lavender-purple, grape-like flowers attract native butterflies and insects. Large size means it needs room to grow.

BENEFITS

Earlier blooming than other Wisteria
Perfect for heavy trellisses or arbors
Attractive foliage, thrives in moist areas
Thrives in full shade but will only flower in sun
Grape-like flowers attract native insects
Easy to grow, less aggressive than other Wisteria
Host plant for Marine Blue, Zarucco Duskywing and skippers

NATIVE INFO

Native Range

Fields and borders from Massachusetts south to Florida, west to Texas and Missouri

Interesting Facts

Butterflies are active during the day. They use their colors to attract a mate or to warn predators that they are unpleasant to eat. In contrast, moths are usually dull in color and are active at dusk or during the night.

GROWING TIPS

Prefers slightly acidic, humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Full sun is needed for best flowering. Fertilize yearly with an organic fertilizer.

Mature Size: 15-20ft. Wide x 10-20ft. Tall

Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade

VIDEO

Coming Soon!

American Wisteria Care: How To Grow American Wisteria Plants

Wisteria is a magical vine that provides a cascade of beautiful lilac-blue blooms and lacy foliage. The most commonly grown ornamental variety is Chinese wisteria, which while lovely, can be invasive. A better choice is its cousin the American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens). Growing American wisteria as an alternative still offers the elegant blooms and foliage but in a native, non-invasive form. Read on for some tips on how to grow American wisteria and enjoy this North American native in your landscape.

What is American Wisteria?

Using native plants in the garden is a smart choice. This is because native plants are uniquely adapted to the region and require less specialized care. They also won’t harm the wild flora if they happen to escape cultivation. American wisteria is one such indigenous plant. What is American wisteria? It is a friendly local vine with gregarious blue flowered charm and might be perfect in your garden.

American wisteria can be found throughout the southeastern states. It primarily occurs in bottomlands

in moist areas such as swamps, along rivers, and in flood plains. As a cultivated plant, it is suitable in United States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9.

It is a deciduous vine that may grow up to 30 feet (9 m.). This rambling beauty has delicate pinnate leaves divided into 9 to 15 leaflets. The flowers are pea-like and hang in decorative pendant clusters, usually blue or violet, but occasionally creamy white. It is a more controlled plant than the Chinese version and has added seasonal interest with its velvet pods.

How to Grow American Wisteria

A quick search indicates that this plant is not widely available, but it can be ordered online. In areas where it is native, some local nurseries have the plant in cultivation. If you get lucky enough to find the plant, choose a nutrient rich, moist location of the garden.

It will bloom in either full sun or partial shade. Adding to its adaptability, it can also tolerate a range of soil types. Be cautious when planting it where curious animals or children play. According to American wisteria information, the seeds in the pods are quite toxic and can lead to extreme nausea and vomiting.

American Wisteria Care

A support structure is required for growing American wisteria. A trellis, arbor or even a fence are ideal locations to display the dainty leaves and dangling blooms. The plant requires consistent moisture, especially in summer.

Pruning is still a crucial part of American wisteria care. In areas where it is grown over a structure, prune it hard annually after flowering to keep the vine in check. On horizontal surfaces such as fences, prune in winter to remove side shoots and keep the plant tidy.

American wisteria is not troubled by any significant diseases or insects. In fact, it is an important host plant for the silver-spotted skipper and long tailed skipper butterflies.

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