- KARPOORAVALLI/Sugandhavalkam/karpurahalli – Plant
- Carom Plant Info: Learn About The Indian Herb Ajwain
- What is Ajwain?
- How to Grow Carom in the Garden or Indoors
- Plectranthus amboinicus
- Common names
- How Are Carom Seeds Good For You?
- What Are The Health Benefits Of Carom Seeds?
- What Is The Nutritional Profile Of Carom Seeds?
- Do Carom Seeds Have Any Side Effects?
- How to Grow Ajwain Plant and its Medicinal Uses
KARPOORAVALLI/Sugandhavalkam/karpurahalli – Plant
Great Medicinal Plant. Very good for treating cold in natural way,.
I have four left, so hurry.
Email me with your phone number and I will text you back. Dont ask if it is still available, I will remove it once sold.
Medicinal uses:: The leaves have also had many traditional medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of coughs, sore throats and nasal congestion, but also for a range of other problems such as infections, rheumatism and flatulence. In Indonesia Cuban Oregano is a traditional food used in soup to stimulate lactation for the month or so following childbirth.
Botanical name : Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng, Coleus amboinicus
Family : Lamiaceae
Rasa : Tikta, Lavana, Kshara
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Indian borage, Country borage, Mexican mint
Hindi : Pathar choor
Malayalam : Panikkoorkka,Kannikkoorkka
A perennial herb grows up to a height of 30-60 cm; leaves simple, opposite, ovate, fleshy and aromatic; flowers pale purplish in dense whorls at distant intervals in a long slender raceme;
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, stomachache, cough, otalgia, flatulence, fever, and diarrhea especially in children
Useful part : Leaves.
Carom Plant Info: Learn About The Indian Herb Ajwain
If you’re looking to spice up your herb garden and go beyond the usual parsley, thyme, and mint, try ajwain, or carom, popular in Indian cooking. It’s an attractive and easy-to-grow herb for beds and indoor containers. You just need a little carom plant info to start enjoying this fragrant, tasty herb.
What is Ajwain?
The traditional Indian herb ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi), which is also called carom, ajowan, and bishop’s weed, is both a culinary and a medicinal plant. It grows quickly and readily, spreading and filling in spaces in beds. The leaves are attractive and ridged, so ajwain can be grown for use in the kitchen but also for enjoying as a border or as clumps in ornamental beds.
The leaves have a fresh herbal taste, reminiscent of thyme. You can also use the seeds in cooking, which resemble cumin seeds and have hints of thyme, anise, and oregano. The leaves are best used fresh in vegetable and yogurt dishes, while the seeds can be ground or used whole in curries, sauces, chutneys, and lentils.
Some of the traditional medicinal uses for carom herb plants include a variety of digestive issues: upset stomach, gas, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. It has also been used to treat bacterial and fungal infections, for asthma and other respiratory conditions, to reduce coughing, and as a diuretic.
How to Grow Carom in the Garden or Indoors
If you live somewhere tropical, you can grow carom outdoors as a perennial. In more temperate climates, it can be an annual outdoors or you can grow it indoors in containers. This is an easy plant to grow, but it may be difficult to find. If you can find fresh ajwain in an Indian specialty grocery, you can grow a plant from the cuttings.
Carom will grow in nearly any soil type but prefers more alkaline soil. It does not need a lot of organic material, and once in the ground, will only need regular watering and sunlight.
Make sure the soil drains well and that you don’t overwater it and your carom plants should start growing and spreading. Avoid planting somewhere where you do not want it to fill in spaces. It tends to take over, much like mint does.
| Plectranthus amboinicus
Syst. veg. 2:690. 1825
Coleus amboinicus Lour.
Plectranthus amboinicus, once identified as Coleus amboinicus, is a tender fleshy perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae with an oregano-like flavor and odor, native to Southern and Eastern Africa, from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) and Swaziland to Angola and Mozambique and north to Kenya and Tanzania. It is widely cultivated and naturalised elsewhere in the Old and New World Tropics.
country borage (India, South Africa, US)
French Thyme (South Africa, US)
Indian borage (India)
Indian mint (South Africa, US)
Mexican mint (US, favored common name
soup mint (South Africa, US)
Spanish thyme (US)
big thyme (St.Vincent, Grenada & other English speaking Caribbean Islands)
also broadleaf thyme; Cuban oregano; Mexican thyme; Queen of herbs; three-in-one herb; allherb; mother of herbs
daun kutjing (note, this is spelled in an old orthography of the Indonesian language, currently used name will be different)
ದೊಡ್ಡಪತ್ರೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು doddapatre soppu also called as Saviara sambara
ជីរស្លឹកក្រាស់ chi(r) slök krahs
ជីរក្រអូប chi(r) krâ-ôb
ជីរត្រចៀកជ្រូក chi(r) trâchi:ëk chru:k
orégano de Cartagena (Cuba)
toronjil de limón (Philippines)
orégano brujo (Puerto Rico)
orégano poleo (Dominican Republic)
orégano macho (Northwestern Mexico)
கற்பூரவள்ளி karpooravalli / karpuravalli
tần dầy lá
In the Indian state of Odisha it is called ରୁକୁଣା ହାତପୋଛା (Rukuna Haatapochhaa),in Andhrapradesh(in Telugu) it is called కప్పరిల్లాకు kapparillaakuAND vaamaaku, in Karnataka it is called ದೊಡ್ಡಪತ್ರೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು doddapatre soppu, in Tamil Nadu it is called கற்பூரவள்ளி karpooravalli and in Kerala it is called as പനിക്കൂർക്ക panikoorka and has various uses in treating cold / cough / fever. See reference section.
Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or tomentose (densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs, pubescent). Leaves are undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate) and very thick, they are pubescent (thickly studded with hairs), with the lower surface possessing the most numerous glandular hairs, giving a frosted appearance. The taste of this leaf is pleasantly aromatic with agreeable and refreshing odour. Flowers are on a short stem (shortly pedicelled), pale purplish in dense whorls at distant intervals in a long slender raceme.
The leaves are strongly flavoured and make an excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Finely chopped, they can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. Such use as a flavouring and its geographic spread is indicated by some of the common names, and documented for Cambodia and South Africa It is also used as a vegetable, for example in South East Asia. The herb is used as a substitute for oregano in the food trade and food labelled “oregano-flavoured” may well contain this herb.
The leaves have also had many traditional medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of coughs, sore throats and nasal congestion, but also for a range of other problems such as infections, rheumatism and flatulence. The plant is cultivated in home-gardens throughout India for use in traditional medicine, being used to treat malarial fever, hepatopathy, renal and vesical calculi, cough, chronic asthma, hiccough, bronchitis, helminthiasis, colic, convulsions, and epilepsy, Shenoy and others refer to further Indian traditional medicinal uses such as for skin ulcerations, scorpion bite, skin allergy, wounds, diarrhoea, with emphasis on the leaves being used as a hepatoprotective, to promote liver health. In Indonesia Plectranthus amboinicus is a traditional food used in soup to stimulate lactation for the month or so following childbirth. In Cambodia 2 uses are recorded: juice from the leaves is sweetened and then given to children as protection from colds; and leaves are applied to the lips. In Bahia, Brasil, people use the plant to treat skin lesions caused by Leishmania braziliensis. Just to the north, in Paraiba of the same country, the plant was extremely commonly known for use in home medication. As noted above, medicinal use also occurs in Southern India, it also documented in other parts of South East Asia and South Africa.
Other uses include as an ornamental, and for its essential oils.
Indian Borage is very commonly grown as a potted plant. Indian Borage is a fast growing plant. Propagation is via stem cuttings. To encourage a bushy plant, cut the tip of the top, insert into the soil and instantly, you have another plant as the cutting will grow within days. Indian Borage ideally should be grown in a semi-shaded and moist location as the leaves will remain a beautiful jade-green colour. If it is getting too much sun, the leaves turn yellow, start curling and look unsightly; if not enough sun, the leaves turn a dark shade of green and space out.
The herb grows easily in a well-drained, semi-shaded position. It is frost tender (Hardiness USDA Zones 10-11) and grows well in sub-tropical and tropical locations, but will do well in cooler climates if grown in a pot and brought indoors, or moved to a warm sheltered position in winter. Water only sparingly.
- A closeup of Indian Borage (Oregano).JPG
- Coleus aromaticus.JPG
- Cuban Oregano.jpg
- Plectranthus amboinicus belong to the family of Lamiaceae.JPG
Some published literature on the plant includes:
African Flowering Plants Database – Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D’Afrique (AFPD), 2008
Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson, 2009, Våra kulturväxters namn – ursprung och användning, Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin)
Balick, M. J., M. Nee & D. E. Atha, 2000, ‘Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246
Brako, L., A.Y. Rossman & D.F. Farr, 1995, Scientific and Common Names of 7,000 Vascular Plants in the United States
CONABIO, 2009, Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México, 1. in Ca. nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City
Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera, ed, 2012, ‘Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae’, Fl. Mesoamer. 4(2): in publication
Dyer, R. A., et al., eds, 1963–’, Flora of southern Africa
Erhardt, W., et al., 2008, Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
Hanelt, P., ed, 2001, Mansfeld’s encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops, Volumes 1-6
Hedge, I. C., R. A. Clement, A. J. Paton & P. B. Phillipson, 1998, ‘Labiatae’, Fl. Madagasc, 175: 1–293
Huxley, A., ed, 1992, The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
Markle, G. M., et al., eds, 1998, Food and feed crops of the United States, 2nd Ed.
McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker, 2000, Herbs of commerce, 2nd Ed.
Molina Rosito, A., 1975, Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras, Ceiba 19(1): 1–118
The PLANTS Database, 2000
Porcher, M. H., et al., Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND)
Rehm, S., 1994, Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
Turrill, W. B., et al., eds, 1952–, Flora of Tropical East Africa
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Plectranthus amboinicus|
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- A Taxonomic Revision of tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Labiatae) in continental South East Asia
6 Amazing Nutritional Benefits Of Carom Seeds (Ajwain) For Your Health Ravi Teja Tadimalla Hyderabd040-395603080 January 27, 2020
Carom seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine. They have a bitter and pungent flavor and a strong aromatic essence. These seeds are also known as ajwain in Hindi.
Ajwain has long been used in traditional Indian medicine for its health benefits. It is replete with antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Carom seeds may help in the treatment of several ailments such as blood pressure, high cholesterol, and premature graying of hair. It is also great for your skin.
Let’s learn a little more about the benefits of ajwain in this article.
Table Of Contents
How Are Carom Seeds Good For You?
Carom seeds are scientifically known as Trachyspermum ammi. They possess antioxidant, antihypertensive, antimicrobial, hypolipidemic, and several other properties.
They contain other phytochemical constituents – including glycosides, saponins, phenolic compounds, and volatile oils (1).
The seeds also contain ajwain oil. Its main component is thymol (1). Thymol may help in the treatment of gastrointestinal ailments.
Carom seeds also have anti-inflammatory potential.
There is more to carom seeds and how they can help you achieve better health.
Read the next section to find out more.
What Are The Health Benefits Of Carom Seeds?
Carom seeds contain important fatty acids, fiber, and other antioxidants. These contribute to their benefits. While the polyunsaturated fats help lower cholesterol levels, the thymol in the seeds regulates blood pressure levels. The seeds also help fight indigestion and inflammation.
1. May Regulate Cholesterol Levels
Ajwain seeds can help you regulate your cholesterol levels.
In rat studies, ingestion of carom seed powder reduced liver cholesterol content. Carom seeds may achieve this by reducing the lipoprotein (soluble proteins that transport fat in the blood) content in your system (2).
Another study showed better results. It found that the intake of carom seeds not only lowers total cholesterol and bad cholesterol levels but also boosts the levels of good cholesterol (3).
Carom seeds contain a great deal of fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acids. These two contribute to healthy cholesterol levels (3).
According to rabbit studies, carom seeds are as efficient as simvastatin (a cholesterol-lowering drug) in reducing cholesterol levels (4).
However, more research on human subjects is required to understand these benefits.
2. May Help In The Management Of Blood Pressure
Carom seeds can help you manage your blood pressure as well. The thymol in the seeds is responsible for this property. In rat studies, it produced a fall in blood pressure and heart rate (5).
Carom seeds also have a calcium channel-blocking effect (6). This effect prevents calcium from entering heart cells and blood vessel walls. This lowers blood pressure (7). Thus, ajwain is recommended to patients with hypertension who before going into surgery.
More research is required to understand the effect of ajwain on blood pressure in humans.
3. May Aid Digestion
Though digestive issues might not seem serious, they can leave us feeling miserable. With carom seeds in our kitchens, that doesn’t have to be the case anymore.
Carom seeds can increase gastric acid secretions, which can enhance digestive health (1).
In rat studies, the ingestion of carom seeds reduced food transit time. The seeds also improved the activity of digestive enzymes and led to a higher secretion of bile acids (1).
According to traditional Persian medicine, ajwain seeds helps in the treatment of diarrhea, dyspepsia, and colic (8).
4. Fight Inflammation
Carom seeds contain essential components like terpenes, sterols, and glycosides – all of which contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects (9).
Some sources suggest that carom seeds can relieve arthritis pain as well. We need more research on this, though.
5. May Help Treat Cough
Studies on guinea pigs showed that intake of carom seeds produced antitussive (cough-suppressing) effects that were greater than codeine, a drug used to treat coughs (10).
In another study, carom seeds increased airflow to the lungs in asthmatic patients (11). This property may also help in treating cough and boosting respiratory health.
Some sources suggest that consuming water with boiled carom seeds can help relieve cough and the associated chest congestion. The seeds may help treat common cold too.
Studies on this aspect are still being carried out, though. Hence, we recommend you check with your doctor before using the seeds for this purpose.
6. May Prevent Kidney Stones
Carom seeds may prevent calcium oxalate deposition. This can potentially cut the risk of developing kidney stones (12).
Though these seeds are said to maintain renal (kidney) function, reduce renal injury, and prevent the retention of stones in the renal tissues, these claims are not supported by experimental evidence (1).
The various phytochemical compounds in carom seeds must be credited for these benefits. They also contain other important nutrients. Take a look at their nutritional profile in the next section.
What Is The Nutritional Profile Of Carom Seeds?
Following are the most abundant nutrients in carom seeds (the values in the brackets denote the percentage of the nutrient in any given amount of carom seeds):
- Fiber (12%)
- Carbohydrates (37%)
- Moisture (9%)
- Protein (15%)
- Fat (18%)
- Saponins, flavones, and mineral matter (7%)
Other nutrients present in the seeds include calcium, tannins, glycosides, phosphorus, iron, and nicotinic acid.
Source: Pharmacognosy Review, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Trachyspermum ammi
Carom seeds are simple (yet effective) ingredients. It is much simpler to add them to your diet. But before you do that, you may want to know the potential side effects these seeds can cause.
Do Carom Seeds Have Any Side Effects?
Moderate intake of the seeds will not cause any side effects. But excess consumption (upwards of one teaspoon a day) may lead to nausea and dizziness, heartburn, and other liver issues.
Carom seeds can cause congenital defects and even lead to abortion (1). Hence, pregnant women must consult their doctor before consuming carom seeds.
The presence of fatty acids, fiber, and other antioxidants makes carom seeds important. They might be popular in India – but can be used the world over. Including just a teaspoonful of this Indian spice in your diet can work wonders.
But we recommend pregnant women to be cautious.
The benefits mentioned in the article may need further studies on humans. This is especially true with respect to the dosage of the seeds for different benefits as most of the studies have been conducted on animals.
Have you ever had carom seeds? How did you like them? Let us know by leaving a comment in the box below.
Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions
What is the substitute for carom seeds?
You can substitute carom seeds with thyme seeds. The two are rich in thymol and also have similar flavors.
What is carom seed water?
Some proponents of carom seeds say that carom seed water can aid weight loss. But there is no research backing this up. However, carom seed water can give you the benefits and goodness of carom seeds.
All you need to do is soak about 25 grams of carom seeds in water overnight. Strain the water the next morning and drink it on an empty stomach. You can add a couple of drops of honey to the water. Drink this water twice daily.
You can also use a teaspoon of carom seed powder and warm or lukewarm water.
Do carom seeds promote hair growth?
There is very little research on this. However, some anecdotal evidence suggests that the seeds may strengthen hair and prevent premature graying.
Do the seeds offer relief from menstrual cramps?
Research is ongoing in this aspect. We suggest you speak to your doctor before using carom seeds for this purpose.
Can we drink ajwain water at night?
Drinking a glass of ajwain water at night helps boost metabolism and, thus, helps you lose weight.
Is it good to eat ajwain every day?
Yes. Having ajwain every morning on an empty stomach helps your body release digestive juices that aid digestion.
Can ajwain reduce belly fat?
Yes, ajwain can reduce belly fat.
What are the benefits of ajwain for skin?
Thymol, a component of ajwain, acts as a germicide and fungicide that helps treat infections and cuts.
Stylecraze has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.
- Trachyspermum ammi, Pharmacognosy Review, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health.
- Antihyperlipidaemic Efficacy of Trachyspermum ammi in Albino Rabbits, ResearchGate.
- Pharmacological Screening of Trachyspermum ammi for Antihyperlipidemic Activity in Triton X-100 Induced Hyperlipidemia Rat Model, Pharmacognosy Research, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health.
- Carum copticum L.: A Herbal Medicine with Various Pharmacological Effects, BioMed Research International, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health.
- Blood pressure lowering action of active principle from Trachyspermum ammi (L.) sprague, Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health.
- Studies on the antihypertensive, antispasmodic, bronchodilator and hepatoprotective activities of the Carum copticum seed extract, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, ScienceDirect.
- Blood pressure lowering effect of calcium channel blockers on perioperative hypertension, Medicine, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health.
- Analysis of the essential oil components from different Carum copticum L. samples from Iran, Pharmacognosy Research, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health.
- Antibacterial And Synergistic Activity Of Ethanolic Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Extract On Esbl And Mbl Producing Uropathogens, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.
- Antitussive effect of Carum copticum in guinea pigs, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
- Bronchodilatory effect of Carum copticum in airways of asthmatic patients, Therapie, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
- In vivo efficacy of Trachyspermum ammi anticalcifying protein in urolithiatic rat model, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
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Ravi Teja Tadimalla
Ravi Teja Tadimalla is a Senior Content Writer who specializes in writing on Health and Wellness. He graduated from SRM University, Chennai, and has been in the field for well over 4 years now. His work involves extensive research on how one can maintain better health through natural foods and organic supplements. Ravi has written over 250 articles and is also a published author. Reading and theater are his other interests.
If you were to look at a handful of ajwain fruit, you would swear they were seeds. Actually, they are schizocarps. Carrots, parsnips, cheeseweeds, and hibiscus all produce schizocarps. Schizocarps are tiny dried fruits that surround seeds.
Ajwain is an overachiever, when it comes to flavor. It is described as being similar to oregano and anise, with strong overtones of thyme. Apparently, these fruits are quite pungent – a little goes a long way. Because they are so strong, they are rarely used raw. In most cases, the schizocarps are dry-roasted or fried in clarified butter, before being added to curries or sprinkled over bread. The leaves are used in chutneys.
How to grow ajwain
In hot areas, ajwain is a perennial. Everywhere else, it is an annual. Ajwain can be grown from seeds or cuttings, with cuttings being the easiest method. To grow from seed, plant 1/4-inch deep in rich, potting soil, or scatter on top of the soil. Use a mister to water, to avoid washing all the seeds into a corner of the pot. Mist daily for a week or two, until germination occurs. Once the first true leaves emerge, you can transplant the seedling into a larger container.
To propagate ajwain from cuttings, take stems that are a few inches long and remove all but the upper two sets of leaves. Bury the stem in potting soil, with the leaves exposed ands water regularly. Before you know it, new roots will emerge.
Once your ajwain plant gets started, you will have to cut it back frequently, or it will take over an area. Any node that touches soil will develop new roots. Because of this behavior, ajwain is probably best grown in containers. The round, velvety, somewhat succulent leaves and fast growth make ajwain a candidate for a garden hedge, if you enjoy the fragrance. Because it is so pungent, most insects are not interested in ajwain plants.
If you happen to have a tummy ache, ajwain seeds can help relieve some of that discomfort.
How to Grow Ajwain Plant and its Medicinal Uses
In this Article you will know about the Miracle Herbal plant – Ajwain also called Ajwan Plant Herb – How to Grow Ajwain plant and its Medicinal Uses and benefits.
Ajwain is used as medicinal plant in traditional Ayurvedic medicine; primarily for stomach disorders such as indigestion, flatulence, and others but also for its supposed antispasmodic and carminative properties.
Growing of ajwain plant is very easy. The plant generates a nice aroma or fragrance that’s soothing. The leaves are very beautiful and attractive in rounded shapes. They grown in bunches and clusters and look similar to money, hence the benefit of rounded leaves of money luck in feng shui. It can be grown by cuttings from the original plant. Many smaller plants emerge from the sides of the original ajwain plant. Needs regular cutting and trimmings to keep a watch at its growth, otherwise it will overtake other containers, as roots develop from the stem whereever they come in contact with soil.
Tip: Remember over watering can kill this and the soil has to be well drained as the stem become limp with excess water and drop. Also take care while transferring this ajwain plant. Take care till the roots are in place firmly otherwise the plant will be above the soil and loose soil will not encourage growth. This requires less water and it needs firm rooting, and once it is rooted there is no looking back for this ajwain plant!