3 gallon windmill palm

Windmill Palm Tree **Out of Stock

Windmill Palm – Trachycarpus fortunei

The Windmill Palm is one of the best palm trees for growing in northern and southern climates because it is easy to care for and disease hardy. The Windmill Palm also grows well when planted in containers or in the ground and grows well in full sun or partial shade. Professional landscape architects frequently choose the Windmill palm to plant the landscape of luxurious resorts and class “A” commercial properties throughout Europe and the U.S. The Windmill Palm grows relatively slowly when compared to tropical palms, but will grow to 20-25 feet averaging six to twelve inches a year, even in the North.

Min. Temp. 10.6°F / -11.9°C | USDA Zones 6 – 10

The Windmill Palm is the most cold hardy palm tree we grow.

For more information on the purchase of a Windmill Palm Tree, feel free to give us a call at the farm and we’d be happy to help. Don’t forget we do offer delivery and installation services throughout the State of Florida. Hardy Palm Trees is family owned and operated, located in Plant City, Florida. or checkout securely right here on our website. Thank you for your interest!

How to Make a Windmill Palm Grow Fast

The windmill palm is a common name given to palms in the botanical group Trachycarpus, the most widely grown windmill palm species being Trachycarpus fortunei and Trachycarpus wagnerianus. Demonstrating excellent winter cold tolerances, windmill palms are naturally slow-growing, but their pace of growth can be hastened with consistent soil moisture, an even fertilizer regimen and a long, warm growing season. At best, a windmill palm can be coaxed to grow no more than 12 to 18 inches each year, rarely 20 inches.

Provide one to two inches of irrigation water to the root zone of a windmill palm during the warmth of the growing season. Although drought-tolerant, the palm will increase its growth if the soil is always moist but never soggy. Reduce watering in the cooler winter months.

Apply a slow-release granular fertilizer formulated for palms and the soils in your region. Often called “palm special,” the fertilizer contains nutrients essential for healthy palm frond growth. Contact your local cooperative extension office for the specific timing of fertilization of palms in your region, but in general, fertilizer should be applied in spring, summer and early autumn.

Increase the warmth received by the palm in the cooler spring and mid-autumn months. Palm root growth increases once soil temperatures are above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Pulling back mulch in early spring so the sun more quickly warms the soil or positioning the palm in a warm microclimate, such as along a southwest-facing building facade, can lengthen the growing season.

We have a lot of people ask us if there is a dwarf palm similar to the Windmill palm that will survive here in the Puget sound area. Unfortunately there isn’t, however we can show you how to restrict the growth rate of your windmill palm. It all comes down to restricting the root system.

How this is done is simple. Start with any size palm you wish, 3 to 6 feet is best.

Plant the palm just like we show on our planting in a container page into a 24″ black nursery pot. Then plant/bury a second 24″ nursery pot in the ground, top of the pot should be level with the ground/flower bed. Put about an inch of pea gravel in the pot that is in the ground and place the potted palm into the pot in the ground. You can top coat the newly planted palm with whatever ground cover you are using and it will look like it’s been there for years.

This will reduce growth rate of the palm by 75% or more.

In our test we planted 10 palms in the ground, open root and confined roots. In a span of 12 years we saw a growth rate of 3 feet (3 inches a year) on the constricted root palms and 12 to 15 feet (12 inches to 15 inches a year) on the open root palms.

Due to the lack of a full root system on the restricted root palms you will need to fertilize these palms 3 times a year. March, June and September.

We also offer a trade out program on these palms that are planted in this two container method.


Application Chart for Palms Northwest All Purpose Fertilizer Spikes

Palm Tree overall height / Number of spikes to be used:

2′ to 3′ Tall Palms, 1 spike broken in half, placed on opposite sides, 12″ out from trunk

3′ to 5′ Tall Palms, 2 spikes placed on opposite sides, 18″ out from trunk

5′ to 7′ Tall Palms, 3 spikes placed equally apart, 18″ out from trunk

7′ to 9′ Tall Palms, 4 spikes placed equally apart, 24″ out from trunk

10′ Tall and up Palms, 5 spikes placed equally apart, 24″ out from trunk

Why Are My Palm Tree Leaves Turning Yellow (And How to Treat)

Flourishing palm trees instantly remind us of paradise. So, the last thing we want is for these tropical treasures to become a source of stress.

That’s why Lorraine F. reached out when some of her queen palm trees didn’t look healthy. Lorraine said, “It almost looks like they are dying, but continue with stunted leaves and branches.”

If Lorraine’s palm problem sounds familiar, read on to learn why palm leaves turn yellow (specifically queen or majesty palms). Plus, get steps to help treat your ailing palm tree

The Lowdown on Palm Trees with Yellow Leaves

When we hear the word evergreen, we automatically think of those prickly plants, shining green amid a sea of snow. But get this–palm trees are evergreen, too. That means their leaves, or fronds, should keep their green glow all year.

Yellow palm leaves are sometimes—but not always—a cause for concern. Let’s look at how you can tell the difference.

Why are my palm tree leaves turning yellow?

Here’s how to tell the difference between natural and worrisome yellow palm leaves or fronds.

As palms grow, a few old palm fronds turn yellow and fall off. Generally, these are on the bottom of the tree. As long as most of the palm stays green and eventually weeds out the yellow, all is well.

But if the yellow leaves linger, that’s usually a red flag. Sometimes, palm leaves turn yellow if the tree’s soil is lacking essential nutrients, like nitrogen, manganese or magnesium. These all help the tree stay green and grow properly.

Alternatively, a pest or fungus could be causing your palm tree leaves to yellow. Depending on the cause, an infestation can be tricky to fix.

Why do majesty or queen palms get yellow leaves?

Majesty and queen palms are prone to the same stressors mentioned above. Compared to other palms, these trees thrive in moisture-rich soil with plenty of nutrients. So, start there!

How to Treat Yellow Leaves on a Palm Tree

Here’s a step-by-step guide to diagnosing and fixing your palm tree’s yellow tint.

  • Perform a soil test–a surefire way to figure out if any vital nutrients are missing. You can DIY with a kit from the local home and garden center, your arborist can do it for you, or you can send a sample to your local cooperative extension.
  • Based on the test results, replenish your plant’s soil with missing nutrients with a slow-release fertilizer. Your arborist can recommend one with the right balance of nutrients to fill the gaps in your tree’s soil. Don’t forget! If you have a queen or majesty palm, you may need a more nutrient-rich fertilizer.
  • Moving forward, keep your palm on a proper fertilization schedule. Plan to fertilize three or four times per year.
  • If the tree’s soil is in good shape, look for signs of pests or fungi. Droopy, withering leaves paired with root decay could point to a fungus called Ganoderma root. But if you see webs or a sticky film on palm fronds, it’s probably a pest.
  • Talk to your arborist about any pest or fungus symptoms to determine the best plan for your tree.

Areca Palm Tree

The Areca Palm Tree, scientific name Chrysalidocarpus lutescens, is certainly one of the more popular palms in tropical and subtropical areas because of its gorgeous appearance and ease of care. This palm tree can be grown indoors or outdoors. Make sure when you buy it that it was grown in either shade or sun, depending on your needs.

Areca Palm Tree Info

Scientific name: Chrysalidocarpus lutescens, Dypsis lutescens

Common names: The Areca Palm is also known as Butterfly Palm, Cane Palm, Madagascar Palm, Golden Feather Palm, and Yellow Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: The Areca Palm is native to the islands of Madagascar.

Appearance: The Areca Palm has smooth silver-green trunks, which are topped with arching feather shaped fronds. It grows in clusters forming think clumps of many stems.

There are usually around six to eight yellow-green leaves on long petioles curved upwards creating a butterfly look. That is why Areca Palm is often referred to as a Butterfly Palm. It has pinnate type leaves that can grow up to 5-7ft long. Each leaf has around 90-110 leaflets arranged in a V shape.

Mature palms have ringed cane-like trunks which have similar characteristics to the Bamboo Palm. The Areca Palm is also often called Golden Cane Palm because of the yellow colored petioles.

Growth Rate: Moderate. The Areca Palm is a moderate grower that can get up to 20ft tall. It will grow wider before taller.

Flowers/Fruits: During late spring or early summer, the Areca Palm produces small bright yellow flowers that grow from below the leaves. It has male and female flowers on the same inflorescence. After a few months of blooming, flowers are followed by light green to yellow fruits that turn yellow-orange when ripe. Fruits have oval shape and are around 1 inch in diameter. Although they look pretty, they are not edible.

Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both. The Areca Palm is very popular indoor plant that can also be used outdoors. It is great for creating a natural privacy wall or privacy fence.

Cold Tolerance: It can tolerate cold down to 20F when mature enough. Great for zones 9a (20 to 25 F) to 11 (above 40 F).

Light Req: Partial shade. Requires bright indirect light. When growing indoors, keep it within 5 to 8 feet from a sunny window. If put in too much direct light, the fronds may get burnt from the sunlight. When a frond becomes yellow or dead like in appearance, be sure to remove the entire frond.

Water Req: Heavy. The Areca Palm requires heavy watering; however, do not allow the plant to sit in water because this could lead to root rot. The Areca Palm Tree will wilt drastically if you allow the soil to dry out completely. On a good note, once you water it, the plant will stand back up.

This palm is extremely sensitive to salts and minerals, so if your home uses a water softener, use water from a source that does not go through the softener first, such as an outside faucet. As most tropical plants, an occasional misting will make your Areca Palm look and feel healthier.

Maintenance: Moderate. Apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season. Chrysalidocarpus lutescens does not age well. When new, it has an upright appearance, but with time the new fronds become heavy and bent, and the plant spreads out.

Tips of the Areca Palm Tree may also turn brown, but don’t worry because browning tips of the palm are normal. One main area to beware of with this palm, is that you should only prune off dead branches. If you clip the browned tips you might stop the growth of that branch.

Insects and Diseases: A common pest to this plant is the spider mite. If the appearance of spider mites is present, try misting the plant twice daily with a soapy water mixture. If this does not work, go to your local plant or hardware store and try a professional grade pest remover. Overall this plant doesn’t require a great deal of attention to maintain its beautiful appearance.

Propagation: Areca palms are propagated from seed with approximately 50 seeds to an ounce. Viable seeds, soaked for 10 minutes in a solution of hot sulfuric acid, can be expected to germinate in about 6 weeks. Fresh seed, yellow to ripe, should be planted with the top of the seed barely visible and germination temperature maintained between 80 and 85°F.

Lower temperatures will increase germination time 100-200%. Seed storage at low humidity and low temperature is detrimental to germination. Cleaning seed is not essential if they are planted immediately. If seeds are to be stored, clean the yellow to fully ripened red seeds, air-dry them at 80-90%, treat with a seed protectant, and store at 75°F.

Palm trees are good for the health, and boost the spirits too. Here’s 4 hardy palms for UK gardens and 3 excellent palms for indoors.

Why are people pleased by the pleasures of palms? These iconic plants signify hot weather, holidays, gentle breezes and relaxation. There’s something about palm trees that needs a blue sky and yellow sun to make them look comfortable. Here in the UK there are many people who give palms some garden space, presumably in the hope that they might create some sort of tropical paradise. Some of these plants fail miserably to achieve much growth. Others die during their first tough winter. A few, however, are hardy and can grow into sizeable trees. Given the right environment, underplanting and setting, these palms can create an impressive impact, even in the depths of winter. ‍ Palms with fan shaped leaves. These ‘windmill palms’ are hardy in the UK ‍ Trachycarpus fortunei and T. wagnerianus both have fan-shaped leaves.

Palm trees are iconic, provided they sit comfortably within their surroundings

Palms are architectural evergreens which will bring structural grandeur to their setting. Be sure to provide effective planting partners, however. You could consider strappy Phormiums, bamboos, bananas and many different ornamental grasses. A palm in isolation looks a little forlorn, but create an avenue of trees leading to a focal point and the picture is completely different. ‍

Many people prefer to cut off the flower and seed heads of Trachycarpus fortunei so that the tree can put its energy into foliage.

Choose the right variety

Our hardiest palm tree species is Trachycarpus, or fan palm. There are several different varieties, but the two you are likely to see for sale are Trachycarpus fortunei and Trachycarpus wagnerianus. There’s also a dwarf fan palm called Chamaerops humilis which is hardy to at least -10 degrees, or even lower in a sheltered spot. These trees have similarly-shaped foliage, appearing almost like a fan – hence their common name. ‍Trachycarpus wagnerianus is a smaller palm and the foliage is more compact. It is also stiffer and can withstand greater wind.

Trachycarpus fortunei

T. fortunei, also known as the chusan or Chinese windmill palm, is probably the most common and these trees can grow to 8m high, given the right location. In their more natural setting they will grow to 20m or more. The main drawback is tattiness of the foliage which tends to become rather battered by wind as the age of the plant progresses. It’s a great idea to remove the damaged fronds, but once the tree reaches three metres tall it can be hard to reach the foliage! ‍The older fronds on a Trachycarpus fortunei can get rather tatty as it matures.

Trachycarpus wagnerianus

Perhaps a better bet for long-term beauty here in the UK is T. wagnerianus which is also known as the dwarf chusan palm, the miniature or dwarf windmill palm. This is a slightly smaller tree and it has the bonus of foliage which is a little stiffer and more robust than T. fortunei. Its foliage is, however, slightly smaller too so it might not provide maximum impact to the same degree. ‍Trachycarpus wagnerianus makes a slightly smaller tree and its foliage is more robust than T. fortunei

Chamaerops humilis

Although not completely hardy, this Mediterranean fan palm can often survive in a sheltered garden spot. It can tolerate temperatures down to at least -10 degrees provided the ground is free-draining. A horticultural fleece covering will also help to protect the foliage during winter. In the UK this will probably make only a small palm tree, but they easily reach 3m in the right conditions. ‍Chamaerops humilis is another wise choice of palm tree for UK gardens, but it might need some winter protection under minus 10 degrees.

And there’s more, if you can manage to source this unusual palm

There is another hardy option available to UK gardeners, in the form of the more unusual Rhapidophyllum hystrix, which is also known as the needle palm. This is a slow growing plant which is said to be probably the hardiest palm in the whole world. It gradually forms a neat mound of fan-shaped leaves and it loves sunshine, although it can cope with damp soils, provided they are free-draining. The main point to consider is the slow growth rate of the Rhapidophyllum hystrix. It needs a lot of patience! In UK gardens it will rarely reach more than about 1.5m high. ‍Rhapidophyllum hystrix is seen only rarely in the UK but it’s said to be one of the most hardy palms of all.

Palms for indoors

‍ Phoenix canariensis hails from the Canary Islands and there are other varieties including P. roebelenii which make great house plants.

Phoenix palms

There are several palm trees that are not hardy in the UK and these include the highly popular Phoenix canariensis, or Canary Island date palm. It has been awarded the coveted RHS Award of Garden Merit (AGM) because its feathery leaves and forgiving, robust nature make it an excellent choice for many different environments. It needs winter protection as it is hardy only down to around -8 degrees, but could be the perfect choice for an atrium situation or sun room where it will add a bit of drama. ‍ The pygmy date palm, Phoenix roebelenii, forms a dignified, typical ‘palm tree’ shape with its upright trunk and feathery fronds. A great indoor plant for an office or larger room. The smaller Phoenix roebelenii, pygmy date palm, is also highly suitable for a house plant. It grows to a height of about 3m, but will be contained indoors by the size of the pot.

Areca palms and Kentia palms

But by far the most popular palms for those wanting to deck their home or office space with a touch of the tropics are the Areca palm (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens or Dypsis lutescens), and Kentia palm (Howea forsteriana). ‍ Areca palms make wonderful house plants that are really easy to look after. It’s not surprising. The Areca palm has long, evergreen fronds that appear on golden stalks that arch upwards, outwards and down. The Areca palm will generally reach a height of up to 2.5m indoors, whereas in its natural outdoor setting it could easily reach 10m tall. It is generally free from pests and diseases but, in common with many house plants, its enemy is over-watering. ‍ The Kentia palm is a great indoor plant for darker places. It can cope with medium light but won’t like direct sunlight. The Kentia palm, Howea forsteriana, is even easier to please. It has a similar, elegant form and easily provides the illusion of a tropical oasis. It’s well suited to being grown in a container and it is one of those rare plants that doesn’t mind a darker position. This palm won’t much appreciate a bright conservatory but it will be happy in medium to low light.

Filtering out toxins from the air

There are so many reasons to love palm trees, not least the fact that they are good for your health too. Palms are excellent air-filtering devices that are capable of absorbing toxins from the air. These potentially harmful substances include toxic agents such as benzene, formaldehyde and trichloroethylene and plants such as palms help to neutralise the effects of sick building syndrome. ‍ Beauty, air cleaning, good health and elegance can all be achieved by adding a palm to your home. Palms and other house plants available from www.perfectplants.co.uk. Delivery to your door, across the whole of the UK, including Highlands and Islands.


Gardeners will agree, the Windmill Palm is great for the Northern United States and for its durable nature to overcome most disease and insects. The Windmill Palm is also a great indoor palm tree and even greater for a Conservatory. A conservatory is technically a room made of windows also know as a Greenhouse. The Windmill Palm has similar characteristics as the Mediterranean Fan palm. They both are acclimated for cold weather and both have a fibrous trunk which keeps the cold at bay. If your outside USDA zone includes the Windmill Palm, I would definitely include this species in your landscape design. The Windmill Palm is also great for the pool area, patio, or even a Zen garden oasis. Below I have listed a few “Do It Yourself” tips for planting a palm tree in your next interior design project.

DIY – Landscape Design

Windmill Palms, like the Bismarck Palm are sought after for their elegant appeal and their diverse applications for landscape design. Windmill Palm’s are tough as scale. The Windmill Palm’s are very tolerant of wind and salt; they don’t necessarily need protection from winds or shoreline conditions such as salt. But, protecting any plants in any harsh weather condition is important, and the windmill mill is no exception. An outdoor landscaping design concept would be to place the Windmill Palm in the center of a focal point and plant other palm-like plants around it to add extra appeal. Also, apply mulch to the surrounding areas of the focal point. There are many different types of mulch you can use. Try picking out a mulch which adds a splash of contrast to your home or landscape to which you have planted you palm tree. The Windmill Palm provides beautiful landscape to pool and Jacuzzi areas.

DIY – Indoor Design

The Windmill Palm looks great in any area which it is placed as long as common sense has been used. For example, you would not want to place the Windmill Palm slanted over the sidewalk to your home, which would be an eye sore and become very difficult to enter into your home. The windmill can be placed in a terracotta planter or large clay pot for extra appeal inside the home. The growth rate fluctuates, from small to large. Small Windmill Palms up to any average of 8 foot, tend to grow very fast in the right conditions. Large Windmill Palm’s typically over 8 foot, start to grow slowly. So, be cognizant of the growth rate of the Windmill Palm, before long (say a 3- 4 years) the palm might grow out of the planter and need to be either planted in a bigger planter or transplanted outside, to a foyer area, or open area. With that being said, the Windmill Palm, has successfully been used in large open areas indoors.

Please, feel free to comment on this article. Any new design ideas, comments, or appreciation is welcomed.

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